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Abbreviation: OD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
optical density
(1498 times)
Microbiology
(131 times)
ELISA (176 times)
EIA (39 times)
HIT (35 times)
1967 Purification and properties of a thermophilic bacteriophage lytic enzyme.
once daily
(382 times)
Pharmacology
(47 times)
CI (23 times)
TID (23 times)
BP (17 times)
1982 Antihypertensive activity of once daily metoprolol alone and with chlorthalidone and comparison with a twice daily regimen.
ocular dominance
(132 times)
Neurology
(63 times)
MD (50 times)
EE (9 times)
BDNF (5 times)
1982 Treating monocularly deprived lambs with 4-aminopyridine produces rapid changes in ocular dominance only after short periods of deprivation.
outer diameter
(87 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
ID (22 times)
CSA (8 times)
BMD (5 times)
1984 Microsurgical anatomy of the proximal segments of the middle cerebral artery.
optic disc
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
DR (8 times)
OC (6 times)
CDR (4 times)
1985 Cat lateral suprasylvian cortex: Y-cell inputs and corticotectal projection.
oropharyngeal dysphagia
(85 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
V-VST (8 times)
VFS (7 times)
PAS (6 times)
2001 Oropharyngeal dysphagia after cardiac operations.
olfactory dysfunction
(78 times)
Otolaryngology
(16 times)
CRS (6 times)
ED (6 times)
PD (5 times)
1993 Langerhans cell histiocytosis in childhood: results from the Italian Cooperative AIEOP-CNR-H.X '83 study.
oocyte donation
(78 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(50 times)
IVF (10 times)
ART (7 times)
TS (7 times)
1992 Artificial endometrial preparation for oocyte donation: the effect of estrogen stimulation on clinical outcome.
overdose
(59 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(19 times)
ED (5 times)
CT (3 times)
EMS (3 times)
1975 Physiologic and biochemical abnormalities in self-induced drug overdosage.
10  opioid dependence
(44 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(18 times)
SNPs (4 times)
CD (3 times)
EAs (3 times)
2002 Opioid dependence treatment, including buprenorphine/naloxone.
11  odds ratio
(41 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CI (18 times)
BMI (2 times)
CRP (2 times)
1993 [The indications for transesophageal echocardiography after cerebral ischemia].
12  obstructed defecation
(40 times)
Gastroenterology
(27 times)
FI (7 times)
US (5 times)
CCCS (2 times)
1995 Colon transit scintigraphy using oral indium-111-labeled DTPA. Can scan pattern predict final diagnosis?
13  occupational diseases
(40 times)
Public Health
(13 times)
CTS (2 times)
HCWs (2 times)
LTBI (2 times)
1994 Compensation for occupational lung disease in non-mining industry.
14  osmotic dehydration
(35 times)
Food
(17 times)
WL (9 times)
SG (8 times)
aw (5 times)
2001 Effects of pretreatments on the diffusion kinetics and some quality parameters of osmotically dehydrated apple slices.
15  osteochondritis dissecans
(34 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
VAS (2 times)
AOFAS (1 time)
DDH (1 time)
1978 [Incidence and clinical evaluation of osteochondrosis dissecans (O.d.) in the equine talocrural joint].
16  oligodendroglioma
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
OA (8 times)
GBM (7 times)
AC (4 times)
1998 Towards a method for automated classification of 1H MRS spectra from brain tumours.
17  oculus dexter
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
OS (18 times)
OU (5 times)
ERG (2 times)
2001 [Two cases of digitalis toxicity with reversible and severe decrease of visual acuity].
18  organ donation
(26 times)
Transplantation
(12 times)
ICU (3 times)
HCPs (2 times)
PODs (2 times)
1998 Brain death in ICUs and associated nursing care challenges concerning patients and families.
19  once a day
(25 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
TID (5 times)
FPANS (2 times)
AACG (1 time)
1986 Bioavailability of a once daily-administered theophylline preparation. A comparison study.
20  order-disorder
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
MDO (8 times)
LPSO (3 times)
AA (1 time)
2003 Urotropin azelate: a rather unwilling co-crystal.
21  origin-destination
(21 times)
Science
(8 times)
CDR (1 time)
EODPNN (1 time)
GLS (1 time)
1998 Chaos in a dynamic model of traffic flows in an origin-destination network.
22  oscillation death
(21 times)
Physics
(11 times)
AD (14 times)
OS (3 times)
NTAD (2 times)
2009 Diverse routes to oscillation death in a coupled oscillator system.
23  outside diameter
(21 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
ID (6 times)
5-HT (1 time)
AIJ (1 time)
1983 Influence of adenosine triphosphate on the isolated perfused mesenteric artery of the rabbit.
24  orthostatic dysregulation
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
ABPM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
1982 Cerebral blood flow changes in orthostatic dysregulation fainters.
25  oxidation ditch
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
SBR (5 times)
WWTPs (5 times)
DO (4 times)
2002 Field test of methane fermentation system for treating swine wastes.
26  oesophageal dysfunction
(18 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
IHD (5 times)
CHD (2 times)
GOR (2 times)
1976 Oesophageal dysfunction in male patients with angina-like pain.
27  Oldenlandia diffusa
(18 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
SB (5 times)
HPLC (4 times)
AFB1 (3 times)
1992 Chinese medicinal herbs modulate mutagenesis, DNA binding and metabolism of aflatoxin B1.
28  olfactory discrimination
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
OI (4 times)
OT (4 times)
PC (3 times)
2004 A molecular mechanism for stabilization of learning-induced synaptic modifications.
29  organization development
(18 times)
Health Services
(7 times)
DCs (1 time)
EBPs (1 time)
HIT (1 time)
1978 Organization development: a new modality for community mental health.
30  other dementia
(18 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
AD (13 times)
CSF (7 times)
MMSE (2 times)
1992 Folate, vitamin B12 and cognitive impairment in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
31  open discectomy
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
MED (8 times)
IL-6 (4 times)
MD (4 times)
2005 Less systemic cytokine response in patients following microendoscopic versus open lumbar discectomy.
32  orofacial dyskinesia
(17 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
TD (9 times)
FT (4 times)
HAL (4 times)
2005 High fat diet increases the incidence of orofacial dyskinesia and oxidative stress in specific brain regions of rats.
33  oligomerization domain
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
DBD (3 times)
AAV (2 times)
CTD (2 times)
2000 Function, oligomerization, and conformation of tumor-associated p53 proteins with mutated C-terminus.
34  optical density units
(16 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ELISA (2 times)
RG (2 times)
AbdSc (1 time)
1989 [Detection of IgG and IgM antibodies to herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in human serum using an immunoenzyme method (ELISA) and the complement fixation reaction].
35  occupational dermatitis
(15 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
TIP (2 times)
CD (1 time)
Fig. 1 (1 time)
1994 Occupational dermatoses among workers in a porcelain manufacturing factory.
36  open defecation
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
CLTS (3 times)
OB (3 times)
CD (2 times)
2002 Hazard analysis of technologies for disposing explosive waste.
37  other diseases
(12 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BP (2 times)
cTnT (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
2003 Antibodies to sulfatide in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis.
38  oxidative debris
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
GO (9 times)
bw-GO (3 times)
a-GO (1 time)
2014 Effects of the oxidation degree of graphene oxide on the adsorption of methylene blue.
39  Ollier disease
(11 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
MS (6 times)
NSN (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1988 Ollier's disease associated with ovarian juvenile granulosa cell tumor.
40  oral dryness
(11 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
XI (6 times)
PTH (3 times)
TUMS (2 times)
2005 Oral dryness, nocturia and the menopause.
41  orally disintegrating
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
CL (1 time)
D-CAT (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2006 Assessment of clonidine orally disintegrating tablet for pre-anesthetic medication in pediatric surgery.
42  opportunistic disease
(10 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
CI (4 times)
HIV (4 times)
AIDS (2 times)
1998 Clinical correlates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related immunosuppression.
43  organ damage
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
BP (4 times)
CV (3 times)
LVH (3 times)
2008 Prevalence and correlates of multiple organ damage in referred treated hypertensives: data from the ETODH study.
44  oven-dried
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FD (8 times)
SD (2 times)
AH (1 time)
2010 Nutritional composition and condensed tannin concentration changes as browse leaves become litter.
45  odor discrimination
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
OI (7 times)
OT (6 times)
TDI (4 times)
2007 The effect of smoking on the olfactory function.
46  orientationally disordered
(9 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
fcc (3 times)
ClA (1 time)
CNA (1 time)
2005 What does pressure decide to cook with orientationally disordered plastic phase of cubane: an orientational glass or crystal?
47  outer domain
(9 times)
Virology
(3 times)
CD4bs (3 times)
ADCC (1 time)
Env (1 time)
2007 Immunogenicity of the outer domain of a HIV-1 clade C gp120.
48  on-demand
(8 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ABJR (1 time)
ABR (1 time)
ADs (1 time)
2007 Relationship between chronic tadalafil administration and improvement of endothelial function in men with erectile dysfunction: a pilot study.
49  optical densitometry
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
WHO (2 times)
AE (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
1992 Precision of and new methods for testing in vitro alloy cytotoxicity.
50  optical depth
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
EIT (2 times)
CE (1 time)
FWM (1 time)
2011 Optical storage with electromagnetically induced transparency in a dense cold atomic ensemble.
51  orbital decompression
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
GO (4 times)
DON (2 times)
LD (2 times)
2007 No changes in serum concentrations of interleukin 10 (IL-10) and interferon gamma (IF-gamma) before and after treatment of the thyroid eye disease (TED).
52  organ donors
(8 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
LCM (2 times)
PPP (2 times)
AT (1 time)
1996 Vitamin E levels in human atherosclerotic plaque: the influence of risk factors.
53  organic dyspepsia
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
FD (5 times)
GI (2 times)
Ac (1 time)
2005 Analysis of clinical characteristics of dyspeptic symptoms in Shanghai patients.
54  orphan drugs
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
RD (2 times)
ATMPs (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1996 [Orphan drugs: problem of public health and economic stakes].
55  osmotic distillation
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NF (3 times)
MF (2 times)
OMW (2 times)
1998 Callose deposition is responsible for apoplastic semipermeability of the endosperm envelope of muskmelon seeds
56  ovum donation
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
ICSI (2 times)
2PN (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1987 Ovum donation--a simplified approach.
57  oxygen deprivation
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
GD (3 times)
OGD (2 times)
4-CIN (1 time)
2006 DPCPX-resistant hypoxic synaptic depression in the CA1 region of hippocampal slices: possible role of intracellular accumulation of monocarboxylates.
58  occlusal dysesthesia
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
HHb (1 time)
POMS (1 time)
2005 [Sensory perceptive and discriminative abilities of patients with occlusal dysesthesia].
59  oesophageal Doppler
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
CO (2 times)
SV (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1996 A comparison of the use of transoesophageal Doppler and thermodilution techniques for cardiac output determination.
60  oocyte donors
(7 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
BMI (2 times)
DSG (2 times)
LH (2 times)
2012 Injection of embryo culture supernatant to the endometrial cavity does not affect outcomes in IVF/ICSI or oocyte donation cycles: a randomized clinical trial.
61  Open Dialogue
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
FEP (1 time)
POD (1 time)
TAU (1 time)
2016 Adapting Open Dialogue for Early-Onset Psychosis Into the U.S. Health Care Environment: A Feasibility Study.
62  orthostatic dizziness
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CASS (2 times)
OI (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1999 Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in multiple sclerosis: correlation with orthostatic intolerance.
63  osseodensification
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BIC (2 times)
BAFO (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
2018 Atemporal osseointegration: Early biomechanical stability through osseodensification.
64  osseous dysplasia
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
FD (2 times)
OF (2 times)
BFOL (1 time)
2006 Multiple osseous dysplasia arising from impacted teeth: report of a case associated with odontogenic lesions.
65  osteogenic differentiation
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
ALP (3 times)
MSC (2 times)
MSCs (2 times)
2010 Non-resorbing osteoclasts induce migration and osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.
66  overt diabetes
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
GD (3 times)
ND (3 times)
1979 Capillary basal laminar thichness in diabetic human myocardium.
67  oxygen delivery
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CBF (2 times)
MABP (2 times)
OC (2 times)
1979 Evaluation of glucocorticoids during resuscitation of injured patients.
68  obese diabetic
(6 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
OND (3 times)
ADRP (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1999 Marked impairment of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B activity in adipose tissue of obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus.
69  octadecanol
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BAM (2 times)
HD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2004 Influence of a long-chain alkane on the photoinduced nematic-isotropic transition.
70  oppositional defiant
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CU (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
1993 Are oppositional and conduct disorders of adolescents separate conditions?
71  optimal dose
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PK (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BOIN (1 time)
2015 Are ciprofloxacin dosage regimens adequate for antimicrobial efficacy and prevention of resistance? Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection in elderly patients as a simulation case study.
72  organ dose
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
ED (5 times)
DAP (1 time)
DAPBW (1 time)
2010 Image quality and radiation exposure in 320-row temporal bone computed tomography.
73  oven drying
(6 times)
Food
(3 times)
FD (5 times)
MD (2 times)
SD (2 times)
2011 Influence of different drying methods on carotenoids and capsaicinoids of paprika (Cv., Jalapeno).
74  overdenture
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
CD (2 times)
BOD (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
1997 A 5-year prospective clinical study of Astra Tech dental implants supporting fixed bridges or overdentures in the edentulous mandible.
75  1,7-octadiene
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AA (4 times)
hASCs (2 times)
WCA (2 times)
2009 Regionally-selective cell colonization of micropatterned surfaces prepared by plasma polymerization of acrylic acid and 1,7-octadiene.
76  occlusive disease
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AA (2 times)
IAA (2 times)
A1AT (1 time)
1976 Ischemic colitis incidence following abdominal aortic reconstruction: a prospective study.
77  oculus dextrus
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
PPV (2 times)
ILM (1 time)
2018 Agreement analysis comparing iPad LCVA and Sloan testing in multiple sclerosis patients.
78  optimal debulking
(5 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
EOC (2 times)
NA (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
1993 [Treatment of ovarian cancer at FIGO stage III and IV--prognostic factors for patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy].
79  oral dysplasia
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
OSCC (2 times)
AF (1 time)
Bub-3 (1 time)
2002 Homocysteine blood level in long-term care residents with oropharyngeal dysphagia: comparison of hand-oral and tube-enteral-fed patients.
80  orbit determination
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
OP (2 times)
B C (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2016 A Real-Time Orbit Determination Method for Smooth Transition from Optical Tracking to Laser Ranging of Debris.
81  orgasmic disorders
(5 times)
Urology
(3 times)
DD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2006 Female sexual dysfunction in a population-based study in Iran: prevalence and associated risk factors.
82  overactive detrusor
(5 times)
Urology
(4 times)
PBOO (2 times)
UDS (2 times)
BOO (1 time)
2004 Sacral nerve stimulation for refractory urge symptoms in elderly patients.
83  oxidized dextran
(5 times)
Biomimetics
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
hASCs (1 time)
HM-CS (1 time)
2018 Injectable antibacterial conductive hydrogels with dual response to an electric field and pH for localized "smart" drug release.
84  2-octyldodecyl
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
DT (1 time)
EC (1 time)
EVA (1 time)
2006 Effects of ethylcellulose and 2-octyldodecanol additives on skin permeation and irritation with ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer matrix patches containing formoterol fumarate.
85  O-demethylase
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AH (2 times)
GT (2 times)
AchA (1 time)
1975 The influence of phenobarbitone on maternal and perinatal hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in the rat.
86  obesogenic diet
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMAL-1 (1 time)
CCG (1 time)
HSHF (1 time)
2011 An obesogenic diet started before puberty leads to abnormal mammary gland development during pregnancy in the rabbit.
87  odontoblasts
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
DSPP (2 times)
CTGF (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2012 Lipopolysaccharide-induced stem cell factor messenger RNA expression and production in odontoblast-like cells.
88  oedema disease
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
PWD (2 times)
ES (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1986 Research of the application of a water-in-oil emulsion for the prevention of post-weaning diarrhoea and oedema disease in piglets.
89  oleate desaturase
(4 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
SCD (2 times)
BSF (1 time)
HO (1 time)
2009 An insertion of oleate desaturase homologous sequence silences via siRNA the functional gene leading to high oleic acid content in sunflower seed oil.
90  Olympic distance
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
HR (1 time)
IR (1 time)
RBR (1 time)
2006 The consequences of swim, cycle, and run performance on overall result in elite olympic distance triathlon.
91  ondansetron plus dexamethasone
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CEA (1 time)
CINV (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1994 A randomized double-blind trial of ondansetron alone versus in combination with dexamethasone versus in combination with dexamethasone and lorazepam in the prevention of emesis due to cisplatin-based chemotherapy.
92  open disclosure
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
NSW (1 time)
2010 Legal aspects of open disclosure: a review of Australian law.
93  operation duration
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 [Applying the clustering technique for characterising maintenance outsourcing].
94  optimal defense
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CKs (1 time)
CNB (1 time)
GDB (1 time)
2003 Out of the quagmire of plant defense hypotheses.
95  orbital diameter
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
IOD (3 times)
BOD (2 times)
BPD (2 times)
1989 Cranial and orbital growth in Chinese fetuses.
96  organic dust
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AHR (2 times)
BAL (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2016 Neutrophilic oxidative stress mediates organic dust-induced pulmonary inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness.
97  orphan disease
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
IEMs (1 time)
ODGs (1 time)
ODs (1 time)
2011 The orphan disease networks.
98  other disfluencies
(4 times)
Audiology
(4 times)
SLD (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
MAR (1 time)
1999 Normative disfluency data for early childhood stuttering.
99  ovarian dysgenesis
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AOA (1 time)
BMP15 (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
1981 [Differential diagnosis of ovarian dysgenesis and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in women].
100  overall death
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BF (2 times)
CSD (2 times)
DM (2 times)
2003 Biochemical failure as a determinant of distant metastasis and death in prostate cancer treated with radiotherapy.