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Abbreviation: OI
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Long forms: 281

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
osteogenesis imperfecta
(1493 times)
Orthopedics
(304 times)
BMD (85 times)
DI (45 times)
EDS (25 times)
1975 Dominantly inherited osteogenesis imperfecta in man: an examination of collagen biosynthesis.
oxygenation index
(373 times)
Pediatrics
(113 times)
iNO (54 times)
ARDS (39 times)
HFOV (39 times)
1988 Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: impact of preoperative stabilization. A prospective pilot study in 13 patients.
opportunistic infection
(191 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(45 times)
ART (30 times)
HIV (26 times)
AIDS (20 times)
1984 Deficiency of interferon-alpha generating capacity is associated with susceptibility to opportunistic infections in patients with AIDS.
orthopedic injury
(119 times)
Neurology
(64 times)
TBI (91 times)
mTBI (21 times)
DTI (15 times)
1997 Preinjury family environment as a determinant of recovery from traumatic brain injuries in school-age children.
orthostatic intolerance
(119 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
POTS (25 times)
HUT (19 times)
HR (16 times)
1976 Effect of physical fitness on vanillylmandelic acid excretion during immersion.
ovulation induction
(80 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(36 times)
IVF (24 times)
IUI (20 times)
PCOS (14 times)
1998 Can we advise ovulation induction in patients with SLE?
optical imaging
(64 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
PET (17 times)
MRI (16 times)
CT (8 times)
2004 Optical imaging of intrinsic signals: recent developments in the methodology and its applications.
oxygen index
(43 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
PPHN (10 times)
CPB (6 times)
HFOV (5 times)
1991 The impact of extracorporeal membrane support in the treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
obliquus internus
(39 times)
Physical Medicine
(8 times)
TrA (23 times)
OE (21 times)
EMG (14 times)
1990 Ultrastructural fiber typing of human abdominal muscles obliquus internus and obliquus externus.
10  outside-in
(34 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
ACL (24 times)
TP (12 times)
AM (10 times)
2011 Biomechanical evaluation of knee joint laxities and graft forces after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by anteromedial portal, outside-in, and transtibial techniques.
11  osseointegrated
(21 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AADLs (1 time)
APHAB (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1991 Mandibular deformation in subjects with osseointegrated implants.
12  osteogenic index
(19 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
GRF (4 times)
aBMD (2 times)
BAP (2 times)
2006 Lifetime sport and leisure activity participation is associated with greater bone size, quality and strength in older men.
13  orientation index
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
SAXS (5 times)
DI (3 times)
PI (2 times)
1988 Cell attachment of human gingival fibroblasts in vitro to porous-surfaced titanium alloy discs coated with collagen and platelet-derived growth factor.
14  obliquus internus abdominis
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TrA (10 times)
OE (9 times)
EMG (6 times)
1994 The influence of sudden perturbations on trunk muscle activity and intra-abdominal pressure while standing.
15  obesity index
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BMI (4 times)
BP (3 times)
ABI (2 times)
1980 Epidemiological analysis on the mechanism of cigarette smoking as a risk factor in cardiovascular diseases.
16  olfactory identification
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
OD (4 times)
OT (4 times)
OFC (2 times)
2008 Olfactory identification dysfunction, aggression and impulsivity in war veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.
17  odor identification
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
OD (5 times)
OT (4 times)
AD (3 times)
2007 The effect of smoking on the olfactory function.
18  odor intensity
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ADS (2 times)
RSC (2 times)
SOI (2 times)
2007 The impact of information on perceived air quality--'organic' vs. 'synthetic' building materials.
19  ophthalmopathy index
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
GO (5 times)
CAS (4 times)
TAO (2 times)
1989 Orbital decompression for severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. Results of a three-wall operative technique.
20  opportunistic illness
(10 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(6 times)
HAART (5 times)
PY (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1999 Unreported AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses in persons reported with HIV-related severe immunosuppression.
21  obturator internus
(9 times)
Physical Medicine
(2 times)
THA (2 times)
CSA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Sonographically guided obturator internus injections: techniques and validation.
22  occupational injuries
(9 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
HS (2 times)
OP (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2006 Prevention of injuries at work: the role of the occupational physician.
23  overlap index
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
CTV (2 times)
ARs (1 time)
1986 Serum enzymes in acute myocardial infarction after intracoronary thrombolysis.
24  ovitrap index
(8 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
Bti (3 times)
BI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2008 Impact of larviciding with a Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis formulation, VectoBac WG, on dengue mosquito vectors in a dengue endemic site in Selangor State, Malaysia.
25  O island
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
EHEC (3 times)
STEC (3 times)
HUS (2 times)
2006 Bacterial genetic determinants of non-O157 STEC outbreaks and hemolytic-uremic syndrome after infection.
26  Occlusal Index
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
IOTN (3 times)
DAI (1 time)
HMAR (1 time)
1990 Assessing treatment effectiveness of removable and fixed orthodontic appliances with the occlusal index.
27  omental infarction
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
AEA (1 time)
RLQ (1 time)
2007 Segmental omental infarction in childhood: an unusual case of left-sided location with extension into the pelvis.
28  optimal interpolative
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
AOD (1 time)
CMAQ (1 time)
CONUS (1 time)
1992 An evolution-oriented learning algorithm for the optimal interpolative net.
29  Optional Infinitive
(7 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
SLI (2 times)
ALN (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1998 Tense over time: the longitudinal course of tense acquisition in children with specific language impairment.
30  oral intake
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EN (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1992 Rhythmicity of urinary sodium excretion, mean arterial blood pressure, and heart rate in conscious dogs.
31  olfactory impairment
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
PTA (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
2008 Is olfactory impairment in Parkinson disease related to phenotypic or genotypic characteristics?
32  oral insulin
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
RHI (2 times)
SBS (2 times)
ARIA (1 time)
2008 Oral insulin up-regulates Toll-like receptor 4 expression and enhances intestinal recovery following lipopolysaccharide-induced gut injury in a rat.
33  OI type II
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CB8 (1 time)
Cs (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1988 A cysteine for glycine substitution at position 1017 in an alpha 1(I) chain of type I collagen in a patient with mild dominantly inherited osteogenesis imperfecta.
34  osteogenesis imperfecta type I
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMSCs (1 time)
WT (1 time)
XLH (1 time)
1983 Prenatal diagnosis of lethal osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) by ultrasonography.
35  output interference
(5 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
LD (1 time)
2013 Sources of interference in recognition testing.
36  obstruction index
(4 times)
Surgery, Plastic
(1 time)
CTEPH (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CTPA (1 time)
1993 An analysis of flow volume curves during artificial ventilation.
37  ocular infection
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
HS (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2012 Identification and expression of nor efflux family genes in Staphylococcus epidermidis that act against gatifloxacin.
38  odontogenic infection
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
OM (1 time)
PCN (1 time)
2006 Severe odontogenic infections, part 1: prospective report.
39  Oldenburg Inventory
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CI (4 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
NCIQ (3 times)
2017 In Patients Undergoing Cochlear Implantation, Psychological Burden Affects Tinnitus and the Overall Outcome of Auditory Rehabilitation.
40  opener inhibitor
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
CE (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
1979 Proprioceptive fields of crayfish claw motor neurons.
41  opsonic index
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MOPA (2 times)
BRC (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1987 Neutrophil chemiluminescence in burned patients.
42  oral isotretinoin
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
AP (2 times)
MP (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2005 Profile of acne patients in the Philippines requiring a second course of oral isotretinoin.
43  orbital inflammation
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOI (1 time)
2008 Recurrent orbital inflammation and Whipple disease.
44  orotracheal intubation
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
EMT-Ps (1 time)
NMB (1 time)
1997 The use of TRISS methodology to validate prehospital intubation by urban EMS providers.
45  overdose index
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (3 times)
COIN (3 times)
DHI (3 times)
2006 Dose optimisation in single plane interstitial brachytherapy.
46  overdose volume index
(4 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
CI (4 times)
COIN (4 times)
EI (4 times)
2007 Evaluation of radiograph-based interstitial implant dosimetry on computed tomography images using dose volume indices for head and neck cancer.
47  oxygen intermediates
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IFN (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1982 Auto-oxidative damage in Behcet's disease--endothelial cell damage following the elevated oxygen radicals generated by stimulated neutrophils.
48  4-octyl itaconate
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ROS (2 times)
HG (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
2018 Four-octyl itaconate activates Keap1-Nrf2 signaling to protect neuronal cells from hydrogen peroxide.
49  obliquus capitis inferior
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
EMG (3 times)
MF (3 times)
SC (3 times)
2005 Effect of gaze direction on neck muscle activity during cervical rotation.
50  obstructive interval
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EV (1 time)
2002 The influence of obstructive interval on patency rates following microsurgical epididymovasostomy.
51  older inactive
(3 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
OA (2 times)
YA (2 times)
HFM (1 time)
2018 Postprandial Metabolic Responses Differ by Age Group and Physical Activity Level.
52  open innovation
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
OIDD (1 time)
2017 Measuring the effectiveness and impact of an open innovation platform.
53  oral infection
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
1981 A swine dysentery model for evaluation of drug prophylaxis: development of a model involving oral infection plus pen contamination.
54  oral iron
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
FCM (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
IDA (1 time)
2002 Superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in erythrocytes of patients with iron deficiency anemia: effects of different treatment modalities.
55  organizational identification
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
P-O fit (1 time)
2011 Organizational identification and the communication of identity: effects of message characteristics on cognitive and affective identification.
56  oris
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DG (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
AT (1 time)
1994 The effects of food consistency on jaw movement and posterior temporalis and inferior orbicularis oris muscle activities during chewing in children.
57  ovigeny index
(3 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
--- 2010 [Effects of adult feeding on the reproduction and longevity of Noctuidae, Crambidae, Tortricidae and Elachistidae species].
58  2-octyl-3-isothiazolinone
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CMI (2 times)
BIT (1 time)
BzI (1 time)
2007 Analysis of isothiazolinones in environmental waters by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
59  oblique
(2 times)
Massage
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
MU (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1998 EMG recordings of abdominal and back muscles in various standing postures: validation of a biomechanical model on sacroiliac joint stability.
60  obliteration index
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
API (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
MPS (1 time)
2009 Obliteration Index: a simple non-invasive tool for the assessment of peripheral vascular disease in chronic kidney disease.
61  observed incidence
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ACR (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2000 Pretreatment prostate-specific antigen and Gleason score predict the risk of extracapsular extension and the risk of failure following radiotherapy in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer.
62  obstetric interventions
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
EFW (1 time)
NICU (1 time)
NMD (1 time)
2018 Health policies for the reduction of obstetric interventions in singleton full-term births in Catalonia.
63  occasional insomnia
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
RBI (2 times)
RBD (1 time)
1989 The Zurich Study. VII. Insomnia: symptoms, classification and prevalence.
64  occlusion intolerance
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAS (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Predictors of carotid occlusion intoleranceduring proximal protectedcarotid arterystenting.
65  odor index
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2010 Key odor components responsible for the impact on olfactory sense during swine feces composting.
66  Office of Investigation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ADR (2 times)
NRC (2 times)
UPMC (1 time)
2006 Nuclear medicine technologists and unauthorized self-injections.
67  ongoing ischemia
(2 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2010 Glutamate release predicts ongoing myocardial ischemia of rat hearts.
68  oocyst index
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
LS (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
E. tenella (1 time)
2010 Anticoccidial activity of maslinic acid against infection with Eimeria tenella in chickens.
69  Operation Installation
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2014 How long do smoke alarms function? A cross-sectional follow-up survey of a smoke alarm installation programme.
70  operative inclination
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
FA (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2011 [The cup safe-zone and optimum combination of the acetabular and femoral anteversions that fulfills the desired range of motion of the hip].
71  opportunities for improvement
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
GSW (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2005 Improving performance in the management of severely injured patients in critical care.
72  optical imaging of intrinsic signals
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
Dc-ODP (1 time)
ODP (1 time)
VEPs (1 time)
2003 Precise placement of multiple electrodes into functionally predefined cortical locations.
73  optical injection
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
OF (2 times)
LRRs (1 time)
RIN (1 time)
2013 Dynamical characteristics and their applications of semiconductor lasers subject to both optical injection and optical feedback.
74  optical interconnect
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BEP (1 time)
IOs (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
2001 Parallel optical interconnects may reduce the communication bottleneck in symmetric multiprocessors.
75  optical interferometer
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2006 Formaldehyde activity on historical glass objects in museum microclimate.
76  optimal identification
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CLIP (1 time)
2004 Optimal identification of biochemical reaction networks.
77  oral ibuprofen
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
CROM (2 times)
MNNM (2 times)
2018 Is pharmacologic treatment better than neural mobilization for cervicobrachial pain? A randomized clinical trial.
78  oral inhalation
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PAMAM (2 times)
DOX (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
2014 Poly(amidoamine) dendrimer nanocarriers and their aerosol formulations for siRNA delivery to the lung epithelium.
79  Orange I
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AR88 (1 time)
C-OH (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2014 Structures of AzrA and of AzrC complexed with substrate or inhibitor: insight into substrate specificity and catalytic mechanism.
80  orbital index
(2 times)
Anthropology, Physical
(1 time)
--- 2014 A study of cranial variations based on craniometric indices in a South Indian population.
81  orbitopathy index
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
TAO (2 times)
ATA (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1998 [Radiotherapy only in severe, progressive endocrine orbitopathy: long-term results and comparison of various classification systems].
82  organophosphate insecticides
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
Cyt C (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
2016 Cytogenotoxicity of selected organophosphate insecticides on HaCaT keratinocytes and NL-20 human bronchial cells.
83  orthorhombic I
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
XAS (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2010 Structural stability of TiO2 at high pressure in density-functional theory based calculations.
84  oscillatory impedance
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OSAS (1 time)
Pes (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
1996 [Significance of oscillatory impedance in etiological determination of arousal in sleep related respiratory disorders].
85  oscillatory index
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ERG (1 time)
GER (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1990 Dependability of esophageal pH-monitoring data in infants on cutoff limits: the oscillatory index.
86  oscillometric index
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
ABI high (1 time)
AWD (1 time)
1986 Hypervolemic treatment of the chronic obliterative arteriopathies of extremities.
87  osseointegrated implant
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
GRADE (1 time)
2012 A computational model for stress reduction at the skin-implant interface of osseointegrated prostheses.
88  Outcome Index
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
SOS (2 times)
1990 Modified system outcome score and outcome index--method of monitoring patient care in a special care area.
89  outgrowth inhibition
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBNA (2 times)
EBV (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
1984 Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific cell-mediated and humoral immune responses in ataxia-telangectasia patients.
90  ovarian injury
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CON (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
2015 Hydrogen-rich saline attenuates chemotherapy-induced ovarian injury via regulation of oxidative stress.
91  ovarian insufficiency
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
POI (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2010 Nucleotide variations in mitochondrial DNA and supra-physiological ROS levels in cytogenetically normal cases of premature ovarian insufficiency.
92  ovarian interstitial
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AC (2 times)
BTP (2 times)
CE (1 time)
1993 Pathogenesis of cholesteryl lipidosis of adrenocortical and ovarian interstitial cells in F344 rats caused by tricresyl phosphate and butylated triphenyl phosphate.
93  overall impression
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
EM (1 time)
MBSS (1 time)
2017 Identification of Swallowing Tasks From a Modified Barium Swallow Study That Optimize the Detection of Physiological Impairment.
94  overflow incontinence
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
SI (2 times)
DI (1 time)
FI (1 time)
1991 Simple urodynamic evaluation of incontinent elderly female nursing home patients. A descriptive analysis.
95  overlapping index
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DSC (2 times)
NPC (2 times)
PTV (2 times)
2016 The tumor shape changes of nasopharyngeal cancer during chemoradiotherapy: the estimated margin to cover the geometrical variation.
96  overuse injuries
(2 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
APHV (1 time)
TI (1 time)
2017 Long-Term Athletic Development in Youth Alpine Ski Racing: The Effect of Physical Fitness, Ski Racing Technique, Anthropometrics and Biological Maturity Status on Injuries.
97  own index
(2 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
KI (2 times)
AIW (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2015 Factors associated with lack of adherence to antenatal care in African immigrant women and Spanish women in northern Spain: the role of social risk factors in combination with language proficiency.
98  oxygenation
(2 times)
Lung Diseases
(1 time)
CDH (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
IMV (1 time)
1995 Congenital diaphragmatic hernia with or without extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: are we making progress?
99  oxyphobic index
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
LUCA (1 time)
2007 The evolution of the genetic code took place in an anaerobic environment.
100  30-oxo-28-N-methylikarugamycin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
IK (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2019 DNA Binding and Molecular Dynamic Studies of Polycyclic Tetramate Macrolactams (PTM) with Potential Anticancer Activity Isolated from a Sponge-Associated Streptomyces zhaozhouensis subsp. mycale subsp. nov.