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Abbreviation: OS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
overall survival
(38393 times)
Neoplasms
(22533 times)
PFS (10233 times)
DFS (6581 times)
HR (5061 times)
0 [Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer - Effectiveness and Toxicity].
oxidative stress
(1596 times)
Biochemistry
(178 times)
ROS (286 times)
MDA (169 times)
SOD (151 times)
1989 Is Parkinson's disease a progressive siderosis of substantia nigra resulting in iron and melanin induced neurodegeneration?
osteosarcoma
(1568 times)
Neoplasms
(676 times)
miRNAs (96 times)
EMT (36 times)
ES (35 times)
1979 Immunological basis of close-contact sensitization to osteosarcoma.
outer segment
(286 times)
Ophthalmology
(125 times)
RPE (53 times)
IS (42 times)
SD-OCT (29 times)
1976 Renewal of normal and degenerating photoreceptor outer segments in the Ozark cave salamander.
open surgery
(173 times)
General Surgery
(104 times)
LS (70 times)
MIS (20 times)
EVAR (17 times)
1999 Liver blood flow changes during laparoscopic surgery in pigs. A study of hepatic indocyanine green removal.
oligosaccharide
(142 times)
Biochemistry
(50 times)
LPS (28 times)
LOS (24 times)
mAb (7 times)
1984 Alpha-mannosidosis: analysis of urinary oligosaccharides with high performance liquid chromatography and diagnosis of a case with unusually mild presentation.
Obese strain
(125 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(74 times)
SAT (28 times)
NWL (11 times)
CS (10 times)
1970 Immunofluorescent studies of thyroid auto-antibodies in chickens of the obese strain (OS).
open splenectomy
(63 times)
General Surgery
(53 times)
LS (59 times)
ITP (19 times)
OR (3 times)
1995 Laparoscopic splenectomy. The initial experience at University of California, San Francisco.
overlap syndrome
(58 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(13 times)
COPD (15 times)
AIH (13 times)
PBC (9 times)
1987 [Lichen ruber planus--lupus erythematosus/overlap syndrome].
10  Omenn syndrome
(56 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
SCID (20 times)
TCR (8 times)
RAG (6 times)
1987 Clinical and immunological findings in four infants with Omenn's syndrome: a form of severe combined immunodeficiency with phenotypically normal T cells, elevated IgE, and eosinophilia.
11  oral secretions
(56 times)
Botany
(30 times)
JA (18 times)
FACs (9 times)
JA-Ile (6 times)
2000 Eating the evidence? Manduca sexta larvae can not disrupt specific jasmonate induction in Nicotiana attenuata by rapid consumption.
12  ovarian stimulation
(44 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(19 times)
CC (8 times)
IUI (7 times)
FSH (4 times)
1995 Leuprolide acetate for inducing ovulation in women undergoing ovarian stimulation.
13  One-Step
(36 times)
Dentistry
(33 times)
SB (26 times)
PB (7 times)
OB (6 times)
1998 Attempted evaluation of three porcelain repair systems--what are we really testing?
14  overshoot
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
APA (13 times)
AP (11 times)
APD (8 times)
1978 Comparative effects of prostaglandin F2alpha and A2 on the cardiac transmembrane potentials.
15  opposite-sex
(31 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
SS (23 times)
DZ (5 times)
MZ (4 times)
1987 The monozygotic twinning rate: is it really constant?
16  operating system
(30 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
apps (2 times)
GUI (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
1997 [Medical practice-supporting system in pulmonary function testing].
17  Observational Study
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
WHI (20 times)
CT (9 times)
DM (4 times)
1998 Design of the Women's Health Initiative clinical trial and observational study. The Women's Health Initiative Study Group.
18  osteogenic sarcoma
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
HD-MTX (5 times)
ADR (3 times)
BCD (3 times)
1981 Osteogenic sarcoma: eight-percent, three-year, disease-free survival with combination chemotherapy (T-7).
19  Ocimum sanctum
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
CL (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
TBARS (3 times)
2001 Cardioprotective potential of ocimum sanctum in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats.
20  ocular surface
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
LG (3 times)
AE (2 times)
AMPs (2 times)
2004 ICAM-1 expression predisposes ocular tissues to immune-based inflammation in dry eye patients and Sjogrens syndrome-like MRL/lpr mice.
21  oculus sinister
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
OD (16 times)
IOP (4 times)
OU (4 times)
1997 The history of the evil eye and its influence on ophthalmology, medicine and social customs.
22  ordered subsets
(23 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
CT (6 times)
PET (5 times)
MLEM (4 times)
2001 Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of images reconstructed with iterative expectation maximization algorithms.
23  observational studies
(22 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
RCTs (11 times)
CI (7 times)
RCT (7 times)
2000 Methodological issues in papers on IFN therapy: time for reappraisal.
24  ouabain-sensitive
(22 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
OR (7 times)
NO (3 times)
FS (2 times)
1975 Variant HeLa cells selected for their resistance to ouabain.
25  overall satisfaction
(21 times)
Urology
(13 times)
EF (19 times)
IS (17 times)
IIEF (16 times)
2002 [Effect of aging on male sexual function in 93 patients using international index of erectile function].
26  orthopedic surgery
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LOS (3 times)
IC (2 times)
IR (2 times)
2001 Low molecular weight heparin and unfractionated heparin in thrombosis prophylaxis: meta-analysis based on original patient data.
27  Ohtahara syndrome
(19 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EME (6 times)
SB (5 times)
EEG (3 times)
1997 Epileptic encephalopathies in early infancy.
28  osteogenic supplements
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ALP (6 times)
hBMSCs (3 times)
MSCs (3 times)
1999 Establishing an immortalized human osteoprecursor cell line: OPC1.
29  Opitz G/BBB syndrome
(18 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
PP2A (3 times)
EF-1alpha (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
1997 Linkage analysis in a family with the Opitz GBBB syndrome refines the location of the gene in Xp22 to a 4 cM region.
30  Orthosiphon stamineus
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
HPLC (3 times)
AP (2 times)
CA (2 times)
2007 Antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. standardized extract.
31  OneShape
(15 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
WO (9 times)
NCF (4 times)
CBCT (2 times)
2014 Comparative study of different novel nickel-titanium rotary systems for root canal preparation in severely curved root canals.
32  oscillatory shear stress
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LS (7 times)
ECs (5 times)
BMP4 (3 times)
2003 Bone morphogenic protein 4 produced in endothelial cells by oscillatory shear stress stimulates an inflammatory response.
33  overall 5-year survival
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
DFS (5 times)
BIS (2 times)
aGVHD (1 time)
1997 Resection of pulmonary metastases from colorectal carcinoma.
34  oxidant stress
(15 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AGEs (6 times)
AGE (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2003 Lipid and protein oxidation contribute to a prothrombotic state in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
35  observed survival
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RS (3 times)
SEER (3 times)
DSS (2 times)
2004 Management of stage IV glottic carcinoma: therapeutic outcomes.
36  olfactory sulcus
(14 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
OB (13 times)
MRI (9 times)
AD (1 time)
2013 [Olfactory bulb volume and depth of olfactory sulcus in patients with idiopathic olfactory loss].
37  oligomycin-sensitive
(13 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
O.I (6 times)
DB (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1979 Effects of the aflatoxins on ATPase activities in mouse and rat liver.
38  Olmsted syndrome
(13 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
TRPV3 (4 times)
LOX (1 time)
PPK (1 time)
2000 Olmsted syndrome: report of two new cases and literature review.
39  Opitz syndrome
(12 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
LTE (2 times)
MID1 (2 times)
ADOS (1 time)
1997 Opitz G/BBB syndrome, a defect of midline development, is due to mutations in a new RING finger gene on Xp22.
40  oriented sample
(12 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
MAS (4 times)
RA (2 times)
CS (1 time)
2010 Triton X-100 as the "short-chain lipid" improves the magnetic alignment and stability of membrane proteins in phosphatidylcholine bilayers for oriented-sample solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
41  oxygen saturation
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
OAG (2 times)
RR (2 times)
1988 Optical sensor for hemoglobin content and oxygen saturation. Application to artificial heart research.
42  occipital sinus
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SSS (3 times)
TS (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2006 Anatomical study of the occipital sinus using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance venography.
43  old sedentary
(11 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
YS (9 times)
OT (6 times)
YT (3 times)
1997 Age, fitness, and regional blood flow during exercise in the heat.
44  One-Step Plus
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
SB (5 times)
EX (2 times)
OP (2 times)
2009 Effect of repeated use on dentin bond strength of two adhesive systems: all-in-one and one-bottle.
45  OS and DFS
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
DFS (3 times)
ir (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
2007 Improvement of criteria for refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia according to the WHO classification based on prognostic significance of morphological features in patients with refractory anemia according to the FAB classification.
46  oseltamivir
(11 times)
Biology
(3 times)
OC (2 times)
OSC (2 times)
ZAN (2 times)
2011 Optimization of polymerization parameters for the sorption of oseltamivir onto molecularly imprinted polymers.
47  osteogenic
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
AD (3 times)
hMSCs (2 times)
MSC (2 times)
2003 Identification of prognostic markers in bone sarcomas using proton-decoupled phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
48  osteoid surface
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
Oc.S (4 times)
BFR (3 times)
BS (3 times)
1978 An evaluation of the quantitative parameters applied in bone histology.
49  occlusal splint
(10 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
SB (3 times)
TMD (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
2004 Quantitative polygraphic controlled study on efficacy and safety of oral splint devices in tooth-grinding subjects.
50  oral solution
(10 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
AE (1 time)
1990 [Treatment of diarrheic disease at home. Comparison of 2 forms of oral solutions: liquid and concentrated in small bags].
51  Orientation selectivity
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DOT (1 time)
LGB (1 time)
LGN (1 time)
1985 Orientation sensitivity and texture segmentation in patterns with different line orientation.
52  oyster shell
(10 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
AS (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BFS (1 time)
1991 Effect of sodium aluminosilicate, oyster shell, and their combinations on acid-base balance and eggshell quality.
53  obese
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
SAT (3 times)
Sp.C (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
1973 Parabiosis between obese (OS) and normal strain chicken embryos. Examination of skin grafts, lymphocyte chimerism and autoimmune thyroiditis.
54  oligospermia
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
AS (5 times)
NS (5 times)
AZ (2 times)
1997 Fertility after chemotherapy for testicular germ cell cancers.
55  one-stage
(9 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
TS (3 times)
APTT (2 times)
FIX (2 times)
2009 Clinical evaluation of moroctocog alfa (AF-CC), a new generation of B-domain deleted recombinant factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) for treatment of haemophilia A: demonstration of safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetic equivalence to full-length recombinant factor VIII.
56  osteoporosis
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BMD (3 times)
DEE (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
2013 An accurate, non-invasive approach to diagnose Cushing's syndrome in at-risk populations.
57  outer stripe
(9 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
IS (3 times)
BOLD (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1996 Changes in renal microcirculation induced by infusion of (Fe3+)-and (Fe2+)-myoglobin during hemorrhagic hypotension in the anesthetized rat: influence of L-NAME and 8-Br-cyclic GMP.
58  oxidative stability
(9 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PV (2 times)
TAG (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2012 Oxidative stability of virgin olive oil as affected by the bene unsaponifiable matters and tertiary-butylhydroquinone.
59  2,3-oxidosqualene
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
OSC (3 times)
CS (1 time)
DEA (1 time)
1990 Cloning and characterization of the 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclase-coding gene of Candida albicans.
60  oestrone sulphate
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
EIA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1994 Application of enzymeimmunoassay to measure oestrone sulphate concentrations in cow's milk during pregnancy.
61  Ogilvie's syndrome
(8 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
--- 1995 [Ogilvie syndrome. Diagnostic and therapeutic attitude].
62  open sandwich
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
Ab (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HEL (1 time)
2003 An optimized homogeneous noncompetitive immunoassay based on the antigen-driven enzymatic complementation.
63  oral surgery
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
OMFS (3 times)
ACS (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2010 A survey of self-assessed surgical competencies with respect to qualifications, training and working patterns of members on the oral surgery register.
64  orbital station
(8 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(4 times)
ISS (3 times)
EVA (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1997 Ensuring of long operation life of the orbiting station EVA space suit.
65  order-statistic
(8 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(2 times)
CFAR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1990 A new approach to the analysis of nystagmus: an application for order-statistic filters.
66  organic solvents
(8 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
aRR (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1992 [Exposure to solvents and tardy epilepsy: 2 clinical cases].
67  outer-sphere
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IS (3 times)
CEC (1 time)
CH3 (1 time)
2004 Modeling the sorption kinetics of divalent metal ions to hematite.
68  oversizing
(8 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AOR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2001 Provoked and spontaneous high-frequency, low-amplitude, respirophasic noise transients in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.
69  shorter overall
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DFS (4 times)
CRC (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
2004 Selective immunohistochemical staining shows significant prognostic influence of lymphatic and blood vessels in patients with malignant melanoma.
70  obese subjects
(7 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
NWS (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
SDS (2 times)
1997 Serum levels of type I procollagen C-terminal propeptide, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and IGF binding protein-3 in obese children and adolescents: relationship to gender, pubertal development, growth, insulin, and nutritional status.
71  octyl salicylate
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MBC (2 times)
OMC (2 times)
1997 Percutaneous absorption of sunscreen agents from liquid paraffin: self-association of octyl salicylate and effects on skin flux.
72  offset
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
LL (5 times)
THA (4 times)
BG (1 time)
2007 Attenuation correction in cardiac PET/CT with three different CT protocols: a comparison with conventional PET.
73  olive stone
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
HTC (2 times)
5-HMF (1 time)
5-MF (1 time)
2003 Thorium removal by different adsorbents.
74  optical spectroscopy
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DFT (2 times)
FC (2 times)
ARPES (1 time)
2006 Neuro-oncological applications of optical spectroscopy.
75  oral steroids
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
RA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2004 Trends in pharmacotherapy for chronic airflow limitation in Argentina: 1992-2002.
76  oral symptoms
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
FL (7 times)
EWB (4 times)
OHRQoL (4 times)
2006 Oral health-related quality of life and severe hypodontia.
77  orthognathic surgery
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
IOB (3 times)
RCTs (2 times)
TXA (2 times)
2014 Body dysmorphic disorder and psychological distress in orthognathic surgery patients.
78  osteosynthesis
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
HA (4 times)
BW (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2002 Hemiarthroplasty or osteosynthesis in cervical hip fractures: matched-pair analysis in 892 patients.
79  ovarian stroma
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CL (2 times)
ER (1 time)
IPMN (1 time)
2000 Preliminary evidence for impaired estrogen receptor-alpha protein expression in osteoblasts and osteocytes from men with idiopathic osteoporosis.
80  ovarian-like stroma
(7 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
MCN (4 times)
CT (2 times)
AFIP (1 time)
2003 Mucinous cystic tumor of the pancreas: immunohistochemical assessment of "ovarian-type stroma".
81  overall severity
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
VAS (4 times)
VE (3 times)
NS (2 times)
2007 Effect of experience on judgments of adductor spasmodic dysphonia.
82  octenyl succinate
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CLSM (2 times)
DS (2 times)
OSA (2 times)
2010 Phytoglycogen octenyl succinate, an amphiphilic carbohydrate nanoparticle, and epsilon-polylysine to improve lipid oxidative stability of emulsions.
83  oligosaccharide material
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
LPS (6 times)
ESI-MS (3 times)
Ac (1 time)
2003 Structural analysis of lipopolysaccharides from Haemophilus influenzae serotype f. Structural diversity observed in three strains.
84  open suction
(6 times)
Perinatology
(3 times)
CS (6 times)
EELV (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
2003 Closed suctioning of intubated neonates maintains better physiologic stability: a randomized trial.
85  open surgical
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
CLI (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
2001 Chronic mesenteric ischemia: open surgery versus percutaneous angioplasty and stenting.
86  Optibond Solo
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
SB (2 times)
CAPs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2001 A morphological and tensile bond strength evaluation of an unfilled adhesive with low-viscosity composites and a filled adhesive in one and two coats.
87  orientation-selective
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DS (4 times)
GCs (2 times)
aVLSI (1 time)
1998 Distinguishing direction selectivity from orientation selectivity in the rabbit retina.
88  orthopedic shoes
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ACPA (1 time)
AHP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2010 Use and usability of custom-made orthopedic shoes.
89  oscillatory shear
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
LS (4 times)
ECs (3 times)
AV (2 times)
2003 Oscillatory shear stress stimulates endothelial production of O2- from p47phox-dependent NAD(P)H oxidases, leading to monocyte adhesion.
90  osteophytes
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
K-L (4 times)
JSN (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2006 Characteristics of joint degeneration in hand osteoarthritis.
91  obese sedentary
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
LS (4 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1998 Energy requirements of middle-aged men are modifiable by physical activity.
92  observed
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
RS (2 times)
BC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 Neuroblastoma in adults: Incidence and survival analysis based on SEER data.
93  observed survival rate
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
RS (4 times)
DCO (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
1998 [Population-based cancer survival: an analysis of 16,922 cases].
94  occasional smokers
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
NS (5 times)
HS (2 times)
CPT (1 time)
2001 What is the role of impression management in adolescent cigarette smoking?
95  occlusal space
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AS (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
CAD-CAM (2 times)
1983 Continuous eruption of some adult human teeth of ancient populations.
96  occupational science
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
OT (2 times)
MI (1 time)
SER (1 time)
2004 Venous gas embolism in chamber attendants after hyperbaric exposure.
97  occupational stress
(5 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
BDI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2000 [Occupational stress--risk factor in essential arterial hypertension].
98  ocular sarcoidosis
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FA (2 times)
ICGA (2 times)
AIx (1 time)
2015 Vascular function and ocular involvement in sarcoidosis.
99  oil sands
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
OSPW (2 times)
PACs (2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
2011 An examination of the toxic properties of water extracts in the vicinity of an oil sand extraction site.
100  olfactory system
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
hpf (1 time)
1990 Embryonic and neonatal development of the vomeronasal and olfactory systems in garter snakes (Thamnophis spp.).