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Abbreviation: OS
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Long forms: 1000

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
overall survival
(62467 times)
Neoplasms
(34536 times)
PFS (16685 times)
DFS (9744 times)
HR (8616 times)
1985 [Are endocrine receptors determining factors for the prognosis of carcinoma of the breast?].
osteosarcoma
(2585 times)
Neoplasms
(1004 times)
miRNAs (152 times)
lncRNAs (101 times)
EMT (100 times)
1979 Immunological basis of close-contact sensitization to osteosarcoma.
oxidative stress
(2427 times)
Biochemistry
(242 times)
ROS (469 times)
MDA (266 times)
SOD (226 times)
1989 Is Parkinson's disease a progressive siderosis of substantia nigra resulting in iron and melanin induced neurodegeneration?
outer segment
(344 times)
Ophthalmology
(136 times)
RPE (61 times)
IS (56 times)
SD-OCT (36 times)
1976 Renewal of normal and degenerating photoreceptor outer segments in the Ozark cave salamander.
open surgery
(236 times)
General Surgery
(131 times)
LS (88 times)
MIS (32 times)
CI (22 times)
1999 Liver blood flow changes during laparoscopic surgery in pigs. A study of hepatic indocyanine green removal.
oligosaccharide
(161 times)
Biochemistry
(51 times)
LPS (29 times)
LOS (26 times)
mAb (8 times)
1984 Alpha-mannosidosis: analysis of urinary oligosaccharides with high performance liquid chromatography and diagnosis of a case with unusually mild presentation.
Obese strain
(125 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(74 times)
SAT (28 times)
NWL (11 times)
CS (10 times)
1970 Immunofluorescent studies of thyroid auto-antibodies in chickens of the obese strain (OS).
ovarian stimulation
(89 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(36 times)
IUI (12 times)
IVF (10 times)
CC (9 times)
1995 Leuprolide acetate for inducing ovulation in women undergoing ovarian stimulation.
overlap syndrome
(76 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(16 times)
COPD (28 times)
OSA (18 times)
AIH (13 times)
1987 [Lichen ruber planus--lupus erythematosus/overlap syndrome].
10  open splenectomy
(67 times)
General Surgery
(55 times)
LS (62 times)
ITP (20 times)
OR (4 times)
1995 Laparoscopic splenectomy. The initial experience at University of California, San Francisco.
11  oral secretions
(67 times)
Botany
(33 times)
JA (20 times)
FACs (10 times)
JA-Ile (6 times)
2000 Eating the evidence? Manduca sexta larvae can not disrupt specific jasmonate induction in Nicotiana attenuata by rapid consumption.
12  Omenn syndrome
(63 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(37 times)
SCID (25 times)
RAG (9 times)
TCR (8 times)
1987 Clinical and immunological findings in four infants with Omenn's syndrome: a form of severe combined immunodeficiency with phenotypically normal T cells, elevated IgE, and eosinophilia.
13  operating system
(43 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(9 times)
IoT (4 times)
apps (2 times)
GUI (2 times)
1997 [Medical practice-supporting system in pulmonary function testing].
14  One-Step
(39 times)
Dentistry
(35 times)
SB (26 times)
PB (7 times)
OB (6 times)
1998 Attempted evaluation of three porcelain repair systems--what are we really testing?
15  ocular surface
(37 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
DED (6 times)
IC (4 times)
LG (4 times)
2004 ICAM-1 expression predisposes ocular tissues to immune-based inflammation in dry eye patients and Sjogrens syndrome-like MRL/lpr mice.
16  oculus sinister
(35 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
OD (24 times)
OU (6 times)
IOP (4 times)
1997 The history of the evil eye and its influence on ophthalmology, medicine and social customs.
17  observational study
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
WHI (22 times)
CT (9 times)
RCT (6 times)
1998 Design of the Women's Health Initiative clinical trial and observational study. The Women's Health Initiative Study Group.
18  orthopedic surgery
(33 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
GS (5 times)
NS (4 times)
LOS (3 times)
2001 Low molecular weight heparin and unfractionated heparin in thrombosis prophylaxis: meta-analysis based on original patient data.
19  opposite-sex
(32 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
SS (24 times)
DZ (5 times)
MZ (4 times)
1987 The monozygotic twinning rate: is it really constant?
20  overshoot
(32 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
APA (13 times)
AP (11 times)
APD (8 times)
1978 Comparative effects of prostaglandin F2alpha and A2 on the cardiac transmembrane potentials.
21  Ocimum sanctum
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
CL (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
TBARS (3 times)
2001 Cardioprotective potential of ocimum sanctum in isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction in rats.
22  observational studies
(30 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
RCTs (13 times)
RCT (11 times)
CI (8 times)
2000 Methodological issues in papers on IFN therapy: time for reappraisal.
23  osteogenic sarcoma
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
HD-MTX (5 times)
ADR (3 times)
BCD (3 times)
1981 Osteogenic sarcoma: eight-percent, three-year, disease-free survival with combination chemotherapy (T-7).
24  OS and DFS
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
DFS (8 times)
PFS (6 times)
HR (5 times)
2007 Improvement of criteria for refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia according to the WHO classification based on prognostic significance of morphological features in patients with refractory anemia according to the FAB classification.
25  ordered subsets
(24 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
CT (6 times)
PET (6 times)
MLEM (4 times)
2002 Implementation and evaluation of a 3D one-step late reconstruction algorithm for 3D positron emission tomography brain studies using median root prior.
26  overall satisfaction
(24 times)
Urology
(13 times)
EF (21 times)
IS (19 times)
IIEF (16 times)
2003 [Effect of aging on male sexual function in 93 patients using international index of erectile function].
27  ouabain-sensitive
(23 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
OR (8 times)
NO (3 times)
FS (2 times)
1975 Variant HeLa cells selected for their resistance to ouabain.
28  OneShape
(22 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
WO (10 times)
NiTi (5 times)
OC (5 times)
2014 Comparative study of different novel nickel-titanium rotary systems for root canal preparation in severely curved root canals.
29  Orthosiphon stamineus
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
CA (3 times)
HPLC (3 times)
AP (2 times)
2007 Antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. standardized extract.
30  Ohtahara syndrome
(20 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
EME (6 times)
SB (5 times)
EEG (3 times)
2000 Epileptic encephalopathies in early infancy.
31  oscillatory shear stress
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
ECs (8 times)
LS (7 times)
PS (6 times)
2003 Bone morphogenic protein 4 produced in endothelial cells by oscillatory shear stress stimulates an inflammatory response.
32  observed survival
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
RS (5 times)
SEER (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2004 Management of stage IV glottic carcinoma: therapeutic outcomes.
33  osteogenic supplements
(19 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ALP (6 times)
hBMSCs (3 times)
MSCs (3 times)
1999 Establishing an immortalized human osteoprecursor cell line: OPC1.
34  osteoporosis
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMD (3 times)
CI (3 times)
DEE (2 times)
2013 An accurate, non-invasive approach to diagnose Cushing's syndrome in at-risk populations.
35  olfactory sulcus
(18 times)
Otolaryngology
(13 times)
OB (16 times)
MRI (11 times)
AD (1 time)
2013 [Olfactory bulb volume and depth of olfactory sulcus in patients with idiopathic olfactory loss].
36  Opitz G/BBB syndrome
(18 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
PP2A (3 times)
EF-1alpha (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
1997 Linkage analysis in a family with the Opitz GBBB syndrome refines the location of the gene in Xp22 to a 4 cM region.
37  oral solution
(18 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
PK (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
1990 [Treatment of diarrheic disease at home. Comparison of 2 forms of oral solutions: liquid and concentrated in small bags].
38  occlusal splint
(17 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
TMD (6 times)
EMG (4 times)
SB (4 times)
2004 Quantitative polygraphic controlled study on efficacy and safety of oral splint devices in tooth-grinding subjects.
39  oily sludge
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
MB (3 times)
OC (2 times)
PO (2 times)
2009 Substituting energy crops with organic wastes and agro-industrial residues for biogas production.
40  orthognathic surgery
(17 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
TXA (4 times)
IOB (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
2014 Body dysmorphic disorder and psychological distress in orthognathic surgery patients.
41  oseltamivir
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
OC (3 times)
OSC (3 times)
ZAN (3 times)
2011 Optimization of polymerization parameters for the sorption of oseltamivir onto molecularly imprinted polymers.
42  oxidant stress
(17 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AGEs (6 times)
AGE (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2003 Lipid and protein oxidation contribute to a prothrombotic state in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
43  Ogilvie's syndrome
(16 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CBS (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1995 [Ogilvie syndrome. Diagnostic and therapeutic attitude].
44  osteogenic
(16 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
MSCs (5 times)
AD (4 times)
hMSCs (3 times)
2003 Identification of prognostic markers in bone sarcomas using proton-decoupled phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
45  oxygen saturation
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
HR (3 times)
RR (3 times)
OAG (2 times)
1988 Optical sensor for hemoglobin content and oxygen saturation. Application to artificial heart research.
46  ocular sarcoidosis
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
IWOS (4 times)
ACE (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2015 Vascular function and ocular involvement in sarcoidosis.
47  old sedentary
(15 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
YS (13 times)
OT (8 times)
YT (5 times)
1997 Age, fitness, and regional blood flow during exercise in the heat.
48  oyster shell
(15 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
Cd (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
1991 Effect of sodium aluminosilicate, oyster shell, and their combinations on acid-base balance and eggshell quality.
49  occipital sinus
(14 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
SSS (3 times)
TS (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2006 Anatomical study of the occipital sinus using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance venography.
50  oriented sample
(14 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
MAS (4 times)
RA (2 times)
CS (1 time)
2010 Triton X-100 as the "short-chain lipid" improves the magnetic alignment and stability of membrane proteins in phosphatidylcholine bilayers for oriented-sample solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
51  oligomycin-sensitive
(13 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
O.I (6 times)
DB (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1979 Effects of the aflatoxins on ATPase activities in mouse and rat liver.
52  Olmsted syndrome
(13 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
TRPV3 (4 times)
LOX (1 time)
PPK (1 time)
2000 Olmsted syndrome: report of two new cases and literature review.
53  oil sands
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
PAHs (3 times)
AOSR (2 times)
OSPW (2 times)
2011 An examination of the toxic properties of water extracts in the vicinity of an oil sand extraction site.
54  Opitz syndrome
(12 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
LTE (2 times)
MID1 (2 times)
ADOS (1 time)
1997 Opitz G/BBB syndrome, a defect of midline development, is due to mutations in a new RING finger gene on Xp22.
55  oral symptoms
(12 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
FL (8 times)
OHRQoL (5 times)
EW (4 times)
2006 Oral health-related quality of life and severe hypodontia.
56  outcomes
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
HCC (3 times)
HR (3 times)
2014 A Bayesian network meta-analysis comparing concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy, concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone and radiotherapy alone in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
57  oxidative stability
(12 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PV (2 times)
TAG (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2012 Oxidative stability of virgin olive oil as affected by the bene unsaponifiable matters and tertiary-butylhydroquinone.
58  one-stage
(11 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
TS (4 times)
APTT (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2009 Clinical evaluation of moroctocog alfa (AF-CC), a new generation of B-domain deleted recombinant factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) for treatment of haemophilia A: demonstration of safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetic equivalence to full-length recombinant factor VIII.
59  One-Step Plus
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
SB (5 times)
EX (2 times)
OP (2 times)
2009 Effect of repeated use on dentin bond strength of two adhesive systems: all-in-one and one-bottle.
60  organic solvents
(11 times)
Occupational Medicine
(5 times)
AAE (1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
aRR (1 time)
1992 [Exposure to solvents and tardy epilepsy: 2 clinical cases].
61  Orientation selectivity
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CP ratio (1 time)
DOT (1 time)
LGB (1 time)
1985 Orientation sensitivity and texture segmentation in patterns with different line orientation.
62  osteoid surface
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
Oc.S (4 times)
BFR (3 times)
BS (3 times)
1978 An evaluation of the quantitative parameters applied in bone histology.
63  overall severity
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
VAS (5 times)
VE (3 times)
AVQI (2 times)
2007 Effect of experience on judgments of adductor spasmodic dysphonia.
64  oversizing
(11 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CI (2 times)
SLR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2001 Provoked and spontaneous high-frequency, low-amplitude, respirophasic noise transients in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.
65  occupational stress
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BDI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2002 [Occupational stress--risk factor in essential arterial hypertension].
66  Odontogenic sinusitis
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
ESS (3 times)
CRS (2 times)
ARS (1 time)
2016 Predictive factors in patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery for odontogenic sinusitis.
67  oligospermia
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
AS (6 times)
NS (5 times)
AZ (2 times)
1997 Fertility after chemotherapy for testicular germ cell cancers.
68  oral steroid
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ICS (3 times)
aHRs (2 times)
CIs (2 times)
2004 Trends in pharmacotherapy for chronic airflow limitation in Argentina: 1992-2002.
69  osteosynthesis
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
HA (5 times)
THA (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
2002 Hemiarthroplasty or osteosynthesis in cervical hip fractures: matched-pair analysis in 892 patients.
70  otosclerosis
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
HRCT (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1993 Osteogenesis imperfecta: clinical symptoms and update findings in computed tomography and tympano-cochlear scintigraphy.
71  obese
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
SAT (3 times)
Sp. C (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
1973 Parabiosis between obese (OS) and normal strain chicken embryos. Examination of skin grafts, lymphocyte chimerism and autoimmune thyroiditis.
72  obese subjects
(9 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
NWS (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
CAC (2 times)
1997 Serum levels of type I procollagen C-terminal propeptide, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and IGF binding protein-3 in obese children and adolescents: relationship to gender, pubertal development, growth, insulin, and nutritional status.
73  octenyl succinate
(9 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
DS (4 times)
OSA (3 times)
CLSM (2 times)
2009 Phytoglycogen octenyl succinate, an amphiphilic carbohydrate nanoparticle, and epsilon-polylysine to improve lipid oxidative stability of emulsions.
74  olive stone
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
HTC (2 times)
OTP (2 times)
5-HMF (1 time)
2003 Thorium removal by different adsorbents.
75  open surgical
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
EV (3 times)
AAIA (2 times)
MIS (2 times)
2001 Chronic mesenteric ischemia: open surgery versus percutaneous angioplasty and stenting.
76  optic strut
(9 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
ACP (3 times)
CT (3 times)
TS (2 times)
2006 Optic strut as a radiographic landmark in evaluating neck location of a paraclinoid aneurysm.
77  orbital station
(9 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(4 times)
ISS (3 times)
EVA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1997 Ensuring of long operation life of the orbiting station EVA space suit.
78  orientation-selective
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DS (6 times)
GCs (4 times)
aVLSI (1 time)
1998 Distinguishing direction selectivity from orientation selectivity in the rabbit retina.
79  outer stripe
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
IS (3 times)
BOLD (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1996 Changes in renal microcirculation induced by infusion of (Fe3+)-and (Fe2+)-myoglobin during hemorrhagic hypotension in the anesthetized rat: influence of L-NAME and 8-Br-cyclic GMP.
80  overall score
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AGRIS (1 time)
ASGS (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1997 Quality assessment of economic evaluations published in PharmacoEconomics. The first four years (1992 to 1995).
81  shorter overall
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DFS (4 times)
CRC (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2004 Selective immunohistochemical staining shows significant prognostic influence of lymphatic and blood vessels in patients with malignant melanoma.
82  2,3-oxidosqualene
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
OSC (3 times)
CS (1 time)
DEA (1 time)
1990 Cloning and characterization of the 2,3-oxidosqualene cyclase-coding gene of Candida albicans.
83  oestrone sulphate
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
EIA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1994 Application of enzymeimmunoassay to measure oestrone sulphate concentrations in cow's milk during pregnancy.
84  offset
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
LL (6 times)
THA (5 times)
BG (1 time)
2007 Attenuation correction in cardiac PET/CT with three different CT protocols: a comparison with conventional PET.
85  olfactory system
(8 times)
Neurosciences
(3 times)
OB (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
1990 Embryonic and neonatal development of the vomeronasal and olfactory systems in garter snakes (Thamnophis spp.).
86  open sandwich
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
Ab (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HEL (1 time)
2003 An optimized homogeneous noncompetitive immunoassay based on the antigen-driven enzymatic complementation.
87  Open science
(8 times)
Ethics
(1 time)
COST (1 time)
ECRs (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2015 Sticks AND Carrots: Encouraging Open Science at its source.
88  open source
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
EHRs (2 times)
OSS (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
2001 Academic and commercial development of open source applications in international health informatics. Opposite sides of the same coin?
89  oral supplements
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DS (2 times)
DI (1 time)
DT (1 time)
1993 Oral nutritional supplement use in elderly nursing home patients.
90  oral surgery
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
OMFS (3 times)
ACS (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2010 A survey of self-assessed surgical competencies with respect to qualifications, training and working patterns of members on the oral surgery register.
91  oral suspension
(8 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
MA (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
DRT (1 time)
2000 Improvement in quality-of-life measures and stimulation of weight gain after treatment with megestrol acetate oral suspension in geriatric cachexia: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
92  order-statistic
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CFAR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1990 A new approach to the analysis of nystagmus: an application for order-statistic filters.
93  organosulfates
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
SOA (4 times)
AMS (2 times)
aaSOA (1 time)
2010 Response of an aerosol mass spectrometer to organonitrates and organosulfates and implications for atmospheric chemistry.
94  oscillatory shear
(8 times)
Science
(3 times)
ECs (5 times)
LS (4 times)
PS (3 times)
2003 Oscillatory shear stress stimulates endothelial production of O2- from p47phox-dependent NAD(P)H oxidases, leading to monocyte adhesion.
95  osmotic stress
(8 times)
Botany
(2 times)
Al (2 times)
CW (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
2003 Chondroitin sulfate anticoagulant activity is linked to water transfer: relevance to proteoglycan structure in atherosclerosis.
96  outer-sphere
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IS (3 times)
CEC (1 time)
CH3 (1 time)
2004 Modeling the sorption kinetics of divalent metal ions to hematite.
97  ovarian stroma
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CL (2 times)
ER (1 time)
IPMN (1 time)
2000 Preliminary evidence for impaired estrogen receptor-alpha protein expression in osteoblasts and osteocytes from men with idiopathic osteoporosis.
98  ovarian-type stroma
(8 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
MCN (5 times)
CT (2 times)
AFIP (1 time)
2003 Mucinous cystic tumor of the pancreas: immunohistochemical assessment of "ovarian-type stroma".
99  octyl salicylate
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MBC (2 times)
OMC (2 times)
1997 Percutaneous absorption of sunscreen agents from liquid paraffin: self-association of octyl salicylate and effects on skin flux.
100  oncoplastic surgery
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCS (2 times)
LABC (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2012 Feasibility of oncoplastic techniques in the surgical management of locally advanced breast cancer.