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Abbreviation: OSD
Appearance Frequency: 455 time(s)
Long forms: 114

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ocular surface disease
(130 times)
Ophthalmology
(88 times)
OSDI (31 times)
IOP (16 times)
BAK (13 times)
1999 Keratolimbal allograft: recommendations for tissue procurement and preparation by eye banks, and standard surgical technique.
Osgood-Schlatter disease
(60 times)
Orthopedics
(24 times)
BMI (3 times)
KOOS (3 times)
ACL (2 times)
1985 Histocompatibility antigens in Osgood-Schlatter disease.
occupational skin disease
(47 times)
Dermatology
(29 times)
ACD (7 times)
ICD (6 times)
TIP (5 times)
1990 Attitudes towards and knowledge of occupational skin disease amongst support personnel.
occult spinal dysraphism
(30 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
MRI (5 times)
LUS (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1995 Cervical occult spinal dysraphism: MRI findings and the value of a vascular birthmark.
onchocercal skin disease
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
CDTI (4 times)
mf (3 times)
CMFL (2 times)
1997 Farm land size and onchocerciasis status of peasant farmers in south-western Nigeria.
Occupation Specific Dispensation
(8 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
HRH (1 time)
OCNs (1 time)
PMDS (1 time)
2010 Occupation specific dispensation - a hapless tale.
Ocean Sampling Day
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
GBIF (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
OBIS (1 time)
2016 MyOSD 2014: Evaluating Oceanographic Measurements Contributed by Citizen Scientists in Support of Ocean Sampling Day.
one-shot dilation
(7 times)
Urology
(4 times)
PCNL (5 times)
BD (4 times)
AD (3 times)
2013 A comparison among four tract dilation methods of percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
open spinal dysraphism
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
CSD (2 times)
CTT (2 times)
GA (2 times)
2013 [Colon transit time in children and young adults with open spinal dysraphism].
10  olfactory sulcus depth
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
OBV (5 times)
MRI (2 times)
KS (1 time)
2015 Olfactory bulb and olfactory sulcus depths are associated with disease duration and attack frequency in multiple sclerosis patients.
11  open subacromial decompression
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ASD (3 times)
OR (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1997 Open versus arthroscopic subacromial decompression: analysis of one-year results.
12  open sun drying
(5 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CHTC (1 time)
CRD (1 time)
2015 Comparison of selected metals content in Cambodian striped snakehead fish (Channa striata) using solar drying system and open sun drying.
13  oculo-skeletal dysplasia
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
LRR (1 time)
NID (1 time)
2000 Cloning and expression of type II collagen mRNA: evaluation as a candidate for canine oculo-skeletal dysplasia.
14  oedematous skin disease
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CLA (3 times)
C. pseudotuberculosis (2 times)
C. diphtheriae (1 time)
2016 Immunological characterization of diphtheria toxin recovered from Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis.
15  one-step strand displacement
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
LAMP (2 times)
FCM (1 time)
HCR (1 time)
2015 Robust strand exchange reactions for the sequence-specific, real-time detection of nucleic acid amplicons.
16  open surgical drainage
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LA (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
ALA (1 time)
1984 Percutaneous catheter versus open surgical drainage in the treatment of abdominal abscesses.
17  oral solid dosage
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PLS (2 times)
API (1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
2020 [Predictive model for hygroscopicity of contents in Guizhi Fuling Capsules].
18  obstructive sleep disorders
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
ATE (1 time)
ATT (1 time)
2008 [Quality of life in children with obstructive sleeping disorder after tonsillectomy, tonsillotomy or adenotomy].
19  ocular surface discomfort
(2 times)
Pathologic Processes
(2 times)
SM (2 times)
Ca (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2018 The Association between ocular problems and Serum Testosterone, Prolactin and Thyroglobulin concentrations in Delayed phase of Sulfur Mustard exposure.
20  offspring from rats fed standard
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AGD (1 time)
2017 Maternal Overweight Disrupts the Sexual Maturation of the Offspring.
21  oil spill dispersant
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CDO (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
MDO (1 time)
2013 Mesocosm study on weathering characteristics of Iranian Heavy crude oil with and without dispersants.
22  oligonucleotide strand displacement
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
LAMP (2 times)
COI (1 time)
iNATs (1 time)
2018 Direct nucleic acid analysis of mosquitoes for high fidelity species identification and detection of Wolbachia using a cellphone.
23  oligonucleotide strand exchange
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LAMP (2 times)
iNATs (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2017 Portable platform for rapid in-field identification of human fecal pollution in water.
24  open splenectomy and esophagogastric devascularization
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
LSSD (1 time)
2016 Laparoscopic Splenectomy and Esophagogastric Devascularization for Liver Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension Is a Safe, Effective, and Minimally Invasive Operation.
25  opioid substitution drugs
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
OST (1 time)
PVP (1 time)
2014 Illicit use of opioid substitution drugs: prevalence, user characteristics, and the association with non-fatal overdoses.
26  optimal surface detection
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CSR (1 time)
PROMISE (1 time)
2015 Prostate boundary segment extraction using cascaded shape regression and optimal surface detection.
27  orthogonal signal deconvolution
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CMLC (1 time)
EI (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
2015 Compound identification in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-based metabolomics by blind source separation.
28  OSD group
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PT (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2015 Precise risk factors for Osgood-Schlatter disease.
29  Osgood's Semantic Differential
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CRPBI (1 time)
RSES (1 time)
1988 Effects of project versus parallel groups on social interaction and affective responses in senior citizens.
30  oviposition-site deprivation
(2 times)
Parasitic Diseases
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
BF (1 time)
BFO (1 time)
2014 The effects of oviposition-site deprivation on longevity and bloodfeeding rate in Anopheles gambiae.
31  oat silage diet
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2021 Partial replacement of corn silage with whole-plant soybean and black oat silages for dairy cows.
32  object skeleton detection
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
MSB-FCN (1 time)
2020 MSB-FCN: Multi-Scale Bidirectional FCN for Object Skeleton Extraction.
33  object storage device
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NAS (1 time)
RAID (1 time)
SAN (1 time)
2013 The amino acid's backup bone - storage solutions for proteomics facilities.
34  objective sleep duration
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SDB (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
SSD-OSD (1 time)
2021 Differences between subjective and objective sleep duration according to actual sleep duration and sleep-disordered breathing: the Nagahama Study.
35  Objective Space Division
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MOEAs (1 time)
2022 Objective space division-based hybrid evolutionary algorithm for handing overlapping solutions in combinatorial problems.
36  Observational Scale of Development
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NI (1 time)
2003 [The psychoneurological status of newborn infants with congenital heart disease before surgical intervention].
37  Observed Strain Differences
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
LH (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2014 Genomic structure of nucleotide diversity among Lyon rat models of metabolic syndrome.
38  obstructive sleep disturbance
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FTT (1 time)
2009 Prevalence of obstructive sleep disturbance in children with failure to thrive.
39  occipito-snout diameter
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CRL (1 time)
FHR (1 time)
2022 Estimation of gestational age using ultrasonography in Baluchi sheep.
40  Occlusal-splint-design
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 Effect of different dental implant drilling template designs on heat generation during osteotomy - an in vitro study.
41  ocular skewed deviation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PW (1 time)
RR (1 time)
UL (1 time)
2020 Postural control in paw distance after labyrinthectomy-induced vestibular imbalance.
42  ocular surface defects
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AMT (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2011 A light-activated method for repair of corneal surface defects.
43  Ocular Surface Disease Index
(1 time)
DED (1 time)
TFBUT (1 time)
TFT (1 time)
2020 The Association between Tear Film Thickness as Measured with OCT and Symptoms and Signs of Dry Eye Disease: A Pooled Analysis of 6 Clinical Trials.
44  Office of Shortage Designation
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
BHPr (1 time)
IFR (1 time)
ORHP (1 time)
2010 Public Health Service Act, Rural Physician Training Grant Program, definition of "underserved rural community." Interim final rule with request for comment.
45  official Spanish denomination
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DDD (1 time)
2003 [Prescription, dispensation and sustitution of prescription forms of omeprazole].
46  offset surface distance
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Quantitative analysis of macular holes with scanning laser tomography.
47  oil sand-derived
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
PM (1 time)
THC (1 time)
2003 Comparison of vehicle exhaust emissions from modified diesel fuels.
48  Okra seeds
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
FT-NIR (1 time)
2018 Rapid Determination of Active Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Okra Seeds Using Fourier Transform Near Infrared (FT-NIR) Spectroscopy.
49  old Sprague-Dawley
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
NAR (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2007 Effects of hypercapnia on BP in hypoalbuminemic and Nagase analbuminemic rats.
50  oleuropein-supplemented diet
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
FGFR1 (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2010 Oleuropein attenuates hepatic steatosis induced by high-fat diet in mice.
51  oleuropein-supplemented HFD group
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
2014 Oleuropein prevents the progression of steatohepatitis to hepatic fibrosis induced by a high-fat diet in mice.
52  On-line Sensing and Display
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
LSAM (1 time)
LSBM (1 time)
2010 Drift compensation and faulty display correction in robotic nano manipulation.
53  on-scene directed
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
TAMS (1 time)
2010 A pilot study of the Tele-Airway Management System in a hospital emergency department.
54  one shot drilling
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
Ti (1 time)
2018 Tool Wear Mechanism in Cutting of Stack CFRP/UNS A97075.
55  one-sided
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
IRE (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2013 Assessment of chronological effects of irreversible electroporation on hilar bile ducts in a porcine model.
56  one-step diagnosis
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
PC (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2021 Active search for hepatitis C patients in primary care.
57  one-step displacement
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
RT-LAMP (1 time)
2022 RT-LAMP assay combining multi-fluorescent probes for SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection and variant differentiation.
58  One-Stop Dispensing
(1 time)
TMS (1 time)
2018 One-Stop Dispensing: Hospital Costs and Patient Perspectives on Self-Management of Medication.
59  Online Advanced Analytical Service: Profiles for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Transmission
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DBMS (1 time)
DHF (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
2020 Online Advanced Analytical Service: Profiles for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Transmission in Southern Thailand.
60  online socializing drinking
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DB5 (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
HED (1 time)
2021 Alcohol use during the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean.
61  only solid diet
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MC (1 time)
MM (1 time)
MMSD (1 time)
2022 Longitudinal investigations of anatomical and morphological development of the gastrointestinal tract in goats from colostrum to postweaning.
62  open splenectomy and azygoportal devascularization
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
2009 Laparoscopic and open splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection for portal hypertension.
63  open splenectomy and devascularization
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
2016 Laparoscopic versus open splenectomy and devascularization for massive splenomegaly due to portal hypertension.
64  open splenectomy and nonselective pericardial devascularization
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
LSSD (1 time)
2018 Comparison of Efficacy of Laparoscopic and Open Splenectomy Combined With Selective and Nonselective Pericardial Devascularization in Portal Hypertension Patients.
65  open splenectomy with azygoportal disconnection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LSD (1 time)
MLSD (1 time)
SLSD (1 time)
2016 Laparoscopic Splenectomy and Azygoportal Disconnection: a Systematic Review.
66  open surgical debridement
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CST (1 time)
EMID (1 time)
EOSD (1 time)
2019 Minimally invasive drainage versus open surgical debridement in SAP/SMAP - a network meta-analysis.
67  OpenSeadragon
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DZI (1 time)
WSI (1 time)
2021 FlexTileSource: An OpenSeadragon Extension for Efficient Whole-Slide Image Visualization.
68  operant conditioning schedule with a stimulus discrimination procedure
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Operant conditioning with a stimulus discrimination: An alternative method for evaluating alcohol reinforcement in preweaning rats.
69  operated stomach diseases
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SPV (1 time)
1997 [Surgical treatment of diseases of the operated stomach].
70  Operative site drainage
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2016 Operative Site Drainage after Hepatectomy: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis Using the American College of Surgeons NSQIP Targeted Hepatectomy Database.
71  opioid starting dose
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
VAS (1 time)
1999 Investigation of an opioid response categorization in advanced cancer patients.
72  optic nerve sheath diameter
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCR (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
HTG (1 time)
2019 Normal tension vs high tension glaucoma: an - overview.
73  Optical Sensing Device
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
ML (1 time)
RBV (1 time)
2021 Real-time prediction of intradialytic relative blood volume: a proof-of-concept for integrated cloud computing infrastructure.
74  optimal sleep duration
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HSD (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2016 Estimating individual optimal sleep duration and potential sleep debt.
75  optimal source distribution
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 The binaural performance of a cross-talk cancellation system with matched or mismatched setup and playback acoustics.
76  optimised single-visit disinfection
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Optimising single-visit disinfection with supplementary approaches: a quest for predictability.
77  Optimum Sensitizing Dose
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
IHA (1 time)
2016 Indirect Haemagglutination Test in Comparison with ELISA for Detection of Antibodies against Invasive Amoebiasis.
78  oral solid dosage form
(1 time)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
NCSD (1 time)
2020 Comparison of Downstream Processing of Nanocrystalline Solid Dispersion and Nanosuspension of Diclofenac Acid to Develop Solid Oral Dosage Form.
79  oral solid dosage pharmaceutical
(1 time)
Drug Industry
(1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2022 A Comparative Investment Analysis of Batch Versus Continuous Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Technologies.
80  oral somatic delusion
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
2015 Comparison of cerebral blood flow in oral somatic delusion in patients with and without a history of depression: a comparative case series.
81  ordinal scale determination
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2021 Use of Anti-Cytokine Therapy in Kidney Transplant Recipients with COVID-19.
82  ordinary Swedish diet
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MIDs (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2006 Mediterranean-inspired diet lowers the ratio of serum phospholipid n-6 to n-3 fatty acids, the number of leukocytes and platelets, and vascular endothelial growth factor in healthy subjects.
83  Oregon School District
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
a-I (1 time)
a-ILI (1 time)
MAI (1 time)
2022 Cause-specific student absenteeism monitoring in K-12 schools for detection of increased influenza activity in the surrounding community-Dane County, Wisconsin, 2014-2020.
84  organ-specific dose
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
FBP-CT (1 time)
IR-CT (1 time)
2018 Image Quality and Patient-Specific Organ Doses in Stone Protocol CT: A Comparison of Traditional CT to Low Dose CT with Iterative Reconstruction.
85  organ-system dysfunction
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
APS (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
1998 Acute lung injury in the medical ICU: comorbid conditions, age, etiology, and hospital outcome.
86  organic solvent delipidation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AALS (1 time)
LRA (1 time)
2015 A Comparison of Methods To Enhance Protein Detection of Lipoproteins by Mass Spectrometry.
87  organic solvent dialysis
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
OCPs (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2013 Ultrasound assisted dialysis of semi-permeable membrane devices for the simultaneous analysis of a wide number of persistent organic pollutants.
88  Orthodontic Simulation and Diagnosis
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2007 Orthodontic simulation and diagnosis: an enhanced tool for dentists.
89  orthogonal sample design scheme
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Two-dimensional synchronous correlation spectroscopy for probing fluorescence energy transfer].
90  orthopaedic early supportive discharge
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Home is where our journey begins - 2 years' impact of an orthopaedic early supportive discharge (OSD) team in our hip fracture service.
91  orthostatic disorders
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
HUTT (1 time)
2021 Effects of an Innovative Head-Up Tilt Protocol on Blood Pressure and Arterial Stiffness Changes.
92  orthotropic steel deck
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
LWCD (1 time)
UHPFRC (1 time)
2022 Study on Static and Fatigue Behaviors of Steel-UHPFRC Composite Deck Structure.
93  OS disease
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2022 Preparing the ocular surface for glaucoma filtration surgery: an unmet clinical need.
94  oscillatory-selective detection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SLOE (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
tACS (1 time)
2016 MR imaging of oscillatory magnetic field changes: Progressing from phantom to human.
95  Osgood Semantic Differential Survey
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2003 A sociological calendar of transitional stages during psychiatry residency training.
96  Osteoblastic-Differentiation
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
MS-qPCR (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
TFs (1 time)
2020 ATF4, DLX3, FRA1, MSX2, C/EBP-zeta, and C/EBP-alpha Shape the Molecular Basis of Therapeutic Effects of Zoledronic Acid in Bone Disorders.
97  Osteochondritis dissecans
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1998 Osteochondritis dissecans of the humeral head.
98  ostreocin-D
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
IT (1 time)
PLT (1 time)
2009 Toxicological studies on palytoxin and ostreocin-D administered to mice by three different routes.
99  Oswestry Disability Index
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Outcome of single level disc prolapse treated with transforaminal steroid versus epidural steroid versus caudal steroids.
100  other serious deviations
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
FFP (1 time)
2001 Evolving research misconduct policies and their significance for physical scientists.