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Abbreviation: PA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physical activity
(9901 times)
Sports Medicine
(1882 times)
MVPA (1066 times)
BMI (710 times)
CI (410 times)
1977 A retrospective study of physical activity and coronary deaths.
pulmonary artery
(2219 times)
Cardiology
(744 times)
RV (287 times)
PH (164 times)
PAH (121 times)
1963 Pulmonary vasoconstriction in steers at high altitude
phosphatidic acid
(2141 times)
Biochemistry
(699 times)
PLD (439 times)
PC (363 times)
DAG (256 times)
1964 TURNOVER OF PHOSPHATIDIC ACID AND SODIUM EXTRUSION FROM MAMMALIAN ERYTHROCYTES.
palmitic acid
(1451 times)
Biochemistry
(203 times)
HFD (117 times)
OA (115 times)
ROS (73 times)
1974 Effect of pipecolic acid isomers on the biogenesis of actinomycins.
plasminogen activator
(1081 times)
Neoplasms
(137 times)
tPA (199 times)
uPA (194 times)
PAI-1 (120 times)
1975 Mechanism of plasminogen activator and factor VIII increase after vasoactive drugs.
primary aldosteronism
(956 times)
Endocrinology
(365 times)
APA (163 times)
AVS (159 times)
ARR (125 times)
1976 [Secretory regulation and episodic secretion of aldosterone in patients with primary aldosteronism (author's transl)].
photoacoustic
(941 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(220 times)
NIR (121 times)
PTT (111 times)
US (95 times)
1980 Photoacoustics in life sciences.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(763 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(174 times)
CF (215 times)
SA (54 times)
MRSA (31 times)
1980 Immune complexes and humoral response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis.
protective antigen
(758 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(233 times)
LF (259 times)
EF (157 times)
LT (39 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
10  posteroanterior
(672 times)
Radiology
(116 times)
AP (154 times)
CT (43 times)
BMD (41 times)
1978 A needle biopsy would be quickest.
11  polyamide
(429 times)
Environmental Health
(64 times)
Spd (42 times)
ODC (38 times)
Put (38 times)
1981 Polyamine responses in a solid transplanted tumor (S180) in liver and in urine during endotoxin-induced tumor injury in the mouse.
12  positive affect
(429 times)
Psychology
(173 times)
NA (299 times)
PANAS (20 times)
EMA (18 times)
1988 Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of positive and negative affect: their relation to health complaints, perceived stress, and daily activities.
13  physician assistant
(415 times)
Education
(221 times)
NP (40 times)
IPE (12 times)
PANCE (11 times)
0 Patella Fracture in US Servicemember in an Austere Location.
14  pleomorphic adenoma
(408 times)
Pathology
(133 times)
ACC (75 times)
MEC (47 times)
CXPA (35 times)
1988 Intermediate filament expression in normal parotid glands and pleomorphic adenomas.
15  plasma aldosterone
(236 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
PRA (181 times)
BP (33 times)
PC (27 times)
1975 Diurnal variations of plasma aldosterone in supine man: relationship to plasma renin activity and plasma cortisol.
16  pilocytic astrocytoma
(226 times)
Neurology
(88 times)
PMA (30 times)
GBM (16 times)
NF1 (16 times)
1993 Chemotherapy for pilocytic astrocytomas.
17  passive avoidance
(220 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
MWM (43 times)
MDA (25 times)
EPM (20 times)
1976 Scopolamine's effect on passive avoidance behavior in immature rats.
18  prealbumin
(203 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
ALB (57 times)
RBP (48 times)
CRP (29 times)
1975 Vitamin A transport in chicken plasma: isolation and characterization of retinol-binding protein (RBP), prealbumin (PA), and RBP--PA complex.
19  pituitary adenoma
(193 times)
Endocrinology
(46 times)
RCC (14 times)
GH (10 times)
MRI (10 times)
1985 Hormonal response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in healthy horses and in horses with pituitary adenoma.
20  proanthocyanidin
(188 times)
Botany
(38 times)
MDA (10 times)
SOD (9 times)
GA (7 times)
1995 Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes.
21  propionic acidemia
(184 times)
Metabolism
(52 times)
MMA (65 times)
PCC (35 times)
IVA (15 times)
1984 Hudson memorial lecture. Neonatal management of organic acidurias. Clinical update.
22  palmitate
(171 times)
Biochemistry
(48 times)
HFD (31 times)
ER (23 times)
ROS (16 times)
1990 The intramyocardial fate of [1-14C] palmitate, iodopalmitate and iodophenylpentadecanoate in isolated rat hearts. A contribution to the choice of an iodinated fatty acid as a tracer of myocardial metabolism.
23  phase angle
(155 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(61 times)
BIA (69 times)
BMI (27 times)
BIVA (17 times)
1990 On-line bioelectric impedance during haemodialysis: monitoring of body fluids and cell membrane status.
24  platelet aggregation
(155 times)
Vascular Diseases
(46 times)
ADP (21 times)
PRP (13 times)
AA (10 times)
1970 The platelet aggregation test in group B arbovirus infections.
25  pernicious anemia
(147 times)
Medicine
(33 times)
IF (8 times)
Hb (7 times)
PCA (6 times)
1968 Malabsorption of hemoglobin iron in pernicious anemia: correction with intrinsic factor--containing substances.
26  proton affinity
(138 times)
Chemistry
(80 times)
DFT (27 times)
BDE (17 times)
IP (14 times)
1991 Demonstration of putative membrane and cytosol steroid receptors for 17alpha, 20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one in brook troutSalvelinus fontinalis oocytes by photoaffinity labelling using synthetic progestin 17,21-dimethyl-19-nor-pregn-4,9-diene-3,20-dione (R5020).
27  pyrrolizidine alkaloid
(131 times)
Toxicology
(42 times)
MCT (9 times)
HSOS (4 times)
SJ (4 times)
1982 Failure of mineral-vitamin supplements to prevent tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) toxicosis in cattle.
28  particle agglutination
(122 times)
Communicable Diseases
(24 times)
WB (22 times)
IF (20 times)
EIA (19 times)
1976 [Antibodies and immunoglobulin levels in sera from patients with African paragonimiasis (author's transl)].
29  peptide amphiphile
(120 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(32 times)
ECM (12 times)
SEM (9 times)
AFM (6 times)
2003 Self-assembly combining two bioactive peptide-amphiphile molecules into nanofibers by electrostatic attraction.
30  phthalic acid
(120 times)
Environmental Health
(54 times)
DMP (22 times)
DEHP (21 times)
PAEs (21 times)
1978 [Radiolytic decontamination of Di-n-butyl phthalate from water (author's transl)].
31  pancreatic adenocarcinoma
(114 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
CP (12 times)
PD (12 times)
OS (11 times)
1985 Effects of dichloromethylene diphosphonate on the osteolytic and osteoplastic effects of rat prostate adenocarcinoma cells.
32  parthenogenetic activation
(114 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(64 times)
IVF (54 times)
SCNT (39 times)
IVM (38 times)
2003 Recruit of porcine oocytes excluded from nuclear transfer program for the production of embryos following parthenogenetic activation.
33  psoriatic arthritis
(113 times)
Rheumatology
(36 times)
RA (50 times)
AS (22 times)
OA (15 times)
1975 HL-A W27 in psoriatic arthropathy.
34  personal accomplishment
(111 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
EE (107 times)
DP (94 times)
MBI (41 times)
1998 [The prevalence of the burnout syndrome or professional exhaustion in primary care physicians].
35  polyacrylate
(109 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(73 times)
SPME (55 times)
PDMS (42 times)
HS-SPME (14 times)
1991 Biodegradation and sorption properties of polydisperse acrylate polymers.
36  procainamide
(109 times)
Pharmacology
(53 times)
NAPA (44 times)
ERP (5 times)
PABA (5 times)
1968 [The occurence and distribution of volatile amines in marine algae].
37  phonological awareness
(107 times)
Psychology
(28 times)
RAN (23 times)
MA (8 times)
TD (7 times)
1993 When reading is acquired but phonemic awareness is not: a study of literacy in Down's syndrome.
38  perinatal asphyxia
(106 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
HIE (18 times)
NO (6 times)
GFAP (5 times)
1996 Striatal cytomegalic neurons containing nitric oxide are associated with experimental perinatal asphyxia: implication of cold treatment.
39  prior authorization
(92 times)
Pharmacy
(23 times)
HCV (6 times)
PMPM (4 times)
ST (4 times)
2002 Impact of NSAIDs prior authorization policy on patients' QoL.
40  phosphatidate
(91 times)
Biochemistry
(47 times)
NEP (15 times)
PLD (14 times)
DAG (12 times)
1980 [Follow-up studies on the behavior of mineral metabolic parameters with particular reference to the degree of skeletal minearlization in the milch cow in the period 4 weeks ante- to 16 weeks postpartum].
41  prism adaptation
(91 times)
Neurology
(55 times)
USN (7 times)
PPC (6 times)
ADL (5 times)
2002 Long-lasting amelioration of visuospatial neglect by prism adaptation.
42  protein A
(91 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
PG (6 times)
SEA (5 times)
FCS (3 times)
1977 Staphylococcal protein A in immunoferritin techniques.
43  pseudoaneurysm
(89 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
AVF (11 times)
CEA (6 times)
AMI (4 times)
1980 Two-dimensional echocardiographic recognition of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm.
44  phenylacetate
(79 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
PB (15 times)
DFT (5 times)
PAG (3 times)
1983 Experimental maternal phenylketonuria: an examination of two animal models.
45  popliteal artery
(79 times)
Vascular Diseases
(36 times)
SFA (22 times)
CFA (13 times)
CCA (6 times)
0 Location of the Popliteal Artery in Knee Extension on Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
46  phthalic anhydride
(78 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
TMA (17 times)
MA (12 times)
AD (11 times)
1982 Clinical and immunologic evaluation of trimellitic anhydride-and phthalic anhydride-exposed workers using a questionnaire with comparative analysis of enzyme-linked immunosorbent and radioimmunoassay studies.
47  phagocytic activity
(76 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(24 times)
PI (14 times)
ROS (13 times)
SOD (12 times)
1980 Occurrence of deficient monocyte yeast cell phagocytosis in presence of rheumatic sera.
48  polyacrylamide
(75 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
PAGE (5 times)
ECM (4 times)
CZE (3 times)
1975 Distinction between fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products in plasma.
49  premature adrenarche
(73 times)
Endocrinology
(41 times)
DHEAS (11 times)
BMI (10 times)
PCOS (9 times)
1985 17-Hydroxyprogesterone responses to adrenocorticotropin in children with premature adrenarche.
50  pennation angle
(71 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
MT (33 times)
FL (28 times)
CSA (12 times)
2001 In vivo measurement of fascicle length and pennation angle of the human biceps femoris muscle.
51  parathyroid adenoma
(69 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(18 times)
pHPT (24 times)
PC (19 times)
PTH (12 times)
1999 Unsuspected intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma: mimic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in fine-needle aspiration specimens-a case report.
52  Pennsylvania
(69 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
NY (8 times)
UT (7 times)
CWP (5 times)
1987 Geographic differences in hemophilia-associated AIDS incidence in Pennsylvania. By the Pennsylvania AIDS Surveillance Study Group.
53  puromycin aminonucleoside
(66 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
PAN (7 times)
FSGS (6 times)
ADR (3 times)
1981 Experimental nephrosis: interassociation of proteinuria with impaired lymphocyte blastogenesis.
54  phenylacetic acid
(63 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
PA-CoA (7 times)
BA (6 times)
POA (4 times)
1989 Uptake of phenylacetic acid by Penicillium chrysogenum Wis 54-1255: a critical regulatory point in benzylpenicillin biosynthesis.
55  Pituitary apoplexy
(59 times)
Endocrinology
(21 times)
MRI (13 times)
CT (3 times)
ACTH (2 times)
1991 [Pituitary apoplexy and empty sella].
56  panic attacks
(57 times)
Psychiatry
(29 times)
PD (28 times)
FS (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
1988 Binding of imipramine to platelet membranes is reduced in panic attacks.
57  pyridylaminated
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HPLC (6 times)
FAC (3 times)
AAL (2 times)
1987 Identification method for twelve oligomannose-type sugar chains thought to be processing intermediates of glycoproteins.
58  penicillic acid
(55 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
OTA (10 times)
POH (10 times)
PAT (7 times)
1972 Control of Penicillium martensii development and penicillic acid production by atmospheric gases and temperatures.
59  posterior approach
(53 times)
Orthopedics
(38 times)
THA (31 times)
DAA (29 times)
AA (10 times)
2009 Critical issues in groin hernia management.
60  protected area
(53 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
LULC (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
ALCI (1 time)
2001 A nonhuman primate model of age-related bone loss: a longitudinal study in male and premenopausal female rhesus monkeys.
61  penicillamine
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
CP (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Cys (3 times)
1975 Investigation of the response to some haptenic determinants in penicillin allergy by skin and in vitro allergy tests.
62  prostate-specific antigen
(47 times)
Urology
(27 times)
PAP (25 times)
gamma-Sm (16 times)
BPH (10 times)
1980 Quantitation of prostate-specific antigen in serum by a sensitive enzyme immunoassay.
63  peanut allergy
(46 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(40 times)
NA (7 times)
PS (5 times)
SPT (5 times)
1998 Identification and partial characterization of multiple major allergens in peanut proteins.
64  placental abruption
(46 times)
Obstetrics
(20 times)
PE (7 times)
aOR (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1996 The occurrence of placental abruption in Norway 1967-1991.
65  protocatechuic acid
(45 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
GA (5 times)
DSS (4 times)
PAH (4 times)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
66  alveolar pressure
(44 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
RL (6 times)
EL (5 times)
PEEP (5 times)
1978 Peribronchial pressure in excised dog lungs.
67  phaseic acid
(44 times)
Botany
(25 times)
ABA (34 times)
DPA (20 times)
ABA-GE (7 times)
1973 The isolation of an abscisic-acid metabolite, 4'-dihydrophaseic acid, from non-imbibed Phaseolus vulgaris seed.
68  predictive accuracy
(44 times)
Urology
(15 times)
RP (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
BCR (4 times)
1979 Use of treadmill score to quantify ischemic response and predict extent of coronary disease.
69  pulse amplitude
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
POBF (19 times)
IOP (11 times)
PW (5 times)
1976 [Finger vasomotor, heart rate, and electrodermal measures of orienting and defensive reflexes (author's transl)].
70  prednisolone acetate
(42 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
CA (4 times)
DSC (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1986 Simultaneous determination of prednisolone acetate, prednisolone, prednisone, cortisone and hydrocortisone in swine plasma using solid-phase and liquid-liquid extraction techniques.
71  parthenogenetic
(40 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(19 times)
SCNT (15 times)
IVF (10 times)
BSP (5 times)
2004 Apoptosis in parthenogenetic preimplantation porcine embryos.
72  percentage agreement
(39 times)
Rehabilitation
(15 times)
ICC (5 times)
COPD (2 times)
FHR (2 times)
2001 Reliability of an interview approach to the Functional Independence Measure.
73  plasmapheresis
(39 times)
Therapeutics
(16 times)
HS (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1985 Immunosuppressive agents and plasmapheresis in immunological disorders.
74  penicillin acylase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MCFs (3 times)
6-APA (1 time)
7-ADCA (1 time)
1975 [Properties of penicillin amidase covalently bound to cellulose matrices].
75  polymerase acidic
(38 times)
Virology
(16 times)
HA (11 times)
NA (11 times)
NP (11 times)
1987 Primary structure of the polymerase acidic (PA) gene of an influenza B virus (B/Sing/222/79).
76  proteasome activator
(38 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BA (3 times)
CAPD (3 times)
ER (3 times)
1976 [The peroxidase activity of rat cerebral hemisphere neurons during hypoxia training].
77  P. aeruginosa
(37 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CF (6 times)
CIP (3 times)
EC (3 times)
1975 Comparison of amikacin and gentamicin.
78  para-aortic
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
LACC (5 times)
PET (4 times)
DL (3 times)
1980 Cellular immunity during pregnancy. I. Proliferative and cytotoxic reactivity of paraaortic lymph nodes.
79  placenta accreta
(37 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
PP (8 times)
CS (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
2008 Placenta accreta: spectrum of US and MR imaging findings.
80  Patchouli alcohol
(36 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
IL (3 times)
iNOS (3 times)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of patchouli alcohol isolated from Pogostemonis Herba in animal models.
81  periapical
(36 times)
Dentistry
(27 times)
CBCT (22 times)
BW (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
82  pantothenic acid
(35 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
CoA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
1975 Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency on microsomal lipids of rat liver.
83  physical abuse
(35 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
SA (22 times)
EA (7 times)
PN (6 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
84  plaque area
(34 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
IVUS (12 times)
LA (11 times)
VA (7 times)
1994 Atherosclerotic plaque evolution in the descending thoracic aorta in familial hypercholesterolemic patients. A transesophageal echo study.
85  primary anastomosis
(33 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
HP (19 times)
CI (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
1989 Thrombogenicity of canine free internal mammary artery autografts.
86  pulmonary aspergillosis
(33 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
BAL (4 times)
IPA (4 times)
CPA (3 times)
1991 [Diagnostic validity of imaging methods in the detection and observation of the progress of cases of invasive aspergillosis of the blood vessels of the lung].
87  pachymic acid
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
ROS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
CLP (2 times)
2005 Induction of apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by pachymic acid from Poria cocos.
88  parallel analysis
(30 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
EFA (8 times)
CFA (5 times)
CD (2 times)
1992 Remarks on Parallel Analysis.
89  perforated appendicitis
(30 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
AA (7 times)
LA (7 times)
OA (7 times)
2000 Historical changes in the postoperative treatment of appendicitis in children: impact on medical outcome.
90  plasma aldosterone concentration
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
PRA (23 times)
UAE (3 times)
AII (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
91  pulmonary angiography
(29 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
PE (20 times)
CT (7 times)
CTPA (4 times)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
92  paired-associate
(27 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
FB (6 times)
WPT (4 times)
BG (2 times)
1975 Acquisition of verbal associations to olfactory stimuli of varying familiarity and to abstract visual stimuli.
93  parthenogenetically activated
(27 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(14 times)
IVF (9 times)
SCNT (7 times)
ROS (4 times)
2004 Analysis of imprinted messenger RNA expression during bovine preimplantation development.
94  prostatic adenoma
(27 times)
Urology
(26 times)
TUR (4 times)
PC (2 times)
PU (2 times)
1989 [Selection of the method of drainage of the urinary tract in patients with advanced-stage adenoma of the prostate].
95  primary amenorrhea
(26 times)
Gynecology
(10 times)
SA (9 times)
TS (4 times)
POF (3 times)
1979 Infrequent structural chromosome aberrations in women with primary amenorrhea.
96  palmitic
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SA (14 times)
AA (5 times)
LA (5 times)
1992 Inhibition of human term placental and fetal liver glutathione-S-transferases by fatty acids and fatty acid esters.
97  peripheral ameloblastoma
(25 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
AC (2 times)
BCC (2 times)
CKs (2 times)
1991 Peripheral ameloblastoma: a clinical and histologic study of 11 cases.
98  polymerase
(25 times)
Science
(7 times)
NP (11 times)
HA (4 times)
PB1 (4 times)
1987 Genetics of cold-adapted B/Ann Arbor/1/66 influenza virus reassortants: the acidic polymerase (PA) protein gene confers temperature sensitivity and attenuated virulence.
99  proteolytic activity
(25 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
MCA (7 times)
HDL3 (3 times)
MCE (2 times)
1976 Lung proteolytic activity and serum protease inhibition after NO2 exposure.
100  4-pyridoxic acid
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PLP (23 times)
PL (16 times)
CSF (6 times)
1999 An appraisal of vitamin B6 status indices and associated confounders, in young people aged 4-18 years and in people aged 65 years and over, in two national British surveys.