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Abbreviation: PA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physical activity
(7736 times)
Sports Medicine
(1600 times)
MVPA (787 times)
BMI (563 times)
CI (304 times)
1977 A retrospective study of physical activity and coronary deaths.
pulmonary artery
(2008 times)
Cardiology
(678 times)
RV (251 times)
PH (130 times)
PAH (100 times)
1966 Hemodynamic response to exercise after beta-adrenergic blockade with propranolol in patients with mitral valve obstruction.
phosphatidic acid
(1941 times)
Biochemistry
(675 times)
PLD (412 times)
PC (341 times)
PI (246 times)
1964 TURNOVER OF PHOSPHATIDIC ACID AND SODIUM EXTRUSION FROM MAMMALIAN ERYTHROCYTES.
plasminogen activator
(1074 times)
Neoplasms
(137 times)
tPA (196 times)
uPA (191 times)
PAI-1 (118 times)
1975 Mechanism of plasminogen activator and factor VIII increase after vasoactive drugs.
palmitic acid
(1054 times)
Biochemistry
(164 times)
OA (94 times)
HFD (71 times)
ROS (49 times)
1974 Effect of pipecolic acid isomers on the biogenesis of actinomycins.
primary aldosteronism
(758 times)
Endocrinology
(287 times)
APA (128 times)
AVS (114 times)
ARR (108 times)
1976 [Secretory regulation and episodic secretion of aldosterone in patients with primary aldosteronism (author's transl)].
protective antigen
(725 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(227 times)
LF (250 times)
EF (150 times)
LT (38 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
photoacoustic
(690 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(169 times)
NIR (78 times)
US (68 times)
PTT (65 times)
1980 Photoacoustics in life sciences.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(671 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(160 times)
CF (197 times)
SA (45 times)
MRSA (29 times)
1980 Immune complexes and humoral response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis.
10  posteroanterior
(613 times)
Radiology
(112 times)
AP (140 times)
CT (40 times)
BMD (38 times)
1978 A needle biopsy would be quickest.
11  positive affect
(362 times)
Psychology
(154 times)
NA (251 times)
PANAS (16 times)
MDD (12 times)
1988 Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of positive and negative affect: their relation to health complaints, perceived stress, and daily activities.
12  physician assistant
(360 times)
Education
(192 times)
NP (28 times)
PANCE (11 times)
IPE (10 times)
0 Patella Fracture in US Servicemember in an Austere Location.
13  pleomorphic adenoma
(355 times)
Pathology
(117 times)
ACC (69 times)
MEC (42 times)
CXPA (29 times)
1988 Intermediate filament expression in normal parotid glands and pleomorphic adenomas.
14  polyamide
(337 times)
Biochemistry
(45 times)
Spd (42 times)
Put (39 times)
ODC (37 times)
1979 Polyamines: an unrecognised cardiovascular risk factor in chronic dialysis?
15  plasma aldosterone
(237 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
PRA (182 times)
BP (33 times)
PC (28 times)
1975 Diurnal variations of plasma aldosterone in supine man: relationship to plasma renin activity and plasma cortisol.
16  passive avoidance
(206 times)
Pharmacology
(49 times)
MWM (38 times)
MDA (20 times)
EPM (17 times)
1976 Scopolamine's effect on passive avoidance behavior in immature rats.
17  pilocytic astrocytoma
(193 times)
Neurology
(76 times)
PMA (29 times)
GBM (13 times)
NF1 (13 times)
1993 Chemotherapy for pilocytic astrocytomas.
18  prealbumin
(184 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
ALB (44 times)
RBP (44 times)
CRP (22 times)
1975 Vitamin A transport in chicken plasma: isolation and characterization of retinol-binding protein (RBP), prealbumin (PA), and RBP--PA complex.
19  proanthocyanidin
(159 times)
Botany
(34 times)
MDA (9 times)
SOD (8 times)
GA (7 times)
1995 Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes.
20  propionic acidemia
(148 times)
Metabolism
(42 times)
MMA (47 times)
PCC (29 times)
IVA (14 times)
1984 Hudson memorial lecture. Neonatal management of organic acidurias. Clinical update.
21  platelet aggregation
(142 times)
Vascular Diseases
(42 times)
ADP (21 times)
PRP (12 times)
AA (9 times)
1970 The platelet aggregation test in group B arbovirus infections.
22  pernicious anemia
(135 times)
Medicine
(30 times)
IF (6 times)
PCA (6 times)
Hb (5 times)
1968 Malabsorption of hemoglobin iron in pernicious anemia: correction with intrinsic factor--containing substances.
23  pituitary adenoma
(130 times)
Endocrinology
(36 times)
MRI (7 times)
RCC (7 times)
AIP (5 times)
1985 Hormonal response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in healthy horses and in horses with pituitary adenoma.
24  palmitate
(128 times)
Biochemistry
(38 times)
ER (20 times)
HFD (15 times)
OA (11 times)
1990 The intramyocardial fate of [1-14C] palmitate, iodopalmitate and iodophenylpentadecanoate in isolated rat hearts. A contribution to the choice of an iodinated fatty acid as a tracer of myocardial metabolism.
25  particle agglutination
(119 times)
Communicable Diseases
(24 times)
WB (22 times)
IF (20 times)
EIA (19 times)
1976 [Antibodies and immunoglobulin levels in sera from patients with African paragonimiasis (author's transl)].
26  phase angle
(119 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(47 times)
BIA (53 times)
BMI (20 times)
CI (11 times)
1990 On-line bioelectric impedance during haemodialysis: monitoring of body fluids and cell membrane status.
27  pyrrolizidine alkaloid
(117 times)
Toxicology
(38 times)
MCT (9 times)
SJ (4 times)
TR (4 times)
1982 Failure of mineral-vitamin supplements to prevent tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) toxicosis in cattle.
28  proton affinity
(116 times)
Chemistry
(65 times)
DFT (18 times)
GB (11 times)
IP (9 times)
1991 Demonstration of putative membrane and cytosol steroid receptors for 17alpha, 20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one in brook troutSalvelinus fontinalis oocytes by photoaffinity labelling using synthetic progestin 17,21-dimethyl-19-nor-pregn-4,9-diene-3,20-dione (R5020).
29  peptide amphiphile
(109 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(32 times)
ECM (11 times)
SEM (9 times)
AFM (5 times)
2003 Self-assembly combining two bioactive peptide-amphiphile molecules into nanofibers by electrostatic attraction.
30  psoriatic arthritis
(109 times)
Rheumatology
(36 times)
RA (48 times)
AS (19 times)
OA (15 times)
1975 HL-A W27 in psoriatic arthropathy.
31  phthalic acid
(107 times)
Environmental Health
(45 times)
DMP (21 times)
DEHP (19 times)
MEHP (18 times)
1978 [Radiolytic decontamination of Di-n-butyl phthalate from water (author's transl)].
32  procainamide
(105 times)
Pharmacology
(53 times)
NAPA (43 times)
ERP (5 times)
PABA (5 times)
1968 [The occurence and distribution of volatile amines in marine algae].
33  pancreatic adenocarcinoma
(103 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
CP (11 times)
PD (10 times)
OS (8 times)
1985 Effects of dichloromethylene diphosphonate on the osteolytic and osteoplastic effects of rat prostate adenocarcinoma cells.
34  polyacrylate
(99 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(71 times)
SPME (53 times)
PDMS (40 times)
HS-SPME (14 times)
1991 Biodegradation and sorption properties of polydisperse acrylate polymers.
35  perinatal asphyxia
(95 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
HIE (14 times)
NO (5 times)
CNS (4 times)
1996 Striatal cytomegalic neurons containing nitric oxide are associated with experimental perinatal asphyxia: implication of cold treatment.
36  parthenogenetic activation
(93 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(52 times)
IVF (45 times)
SCNT (32 times)
IVM (31 times)
2003 Recruit of porcine oocytes excluded from nuclear transfer program for the production of embryos following parthenogenetic activation.
37  phonological awareness
(88 times)
Psychology
(24 times)
RAN (16 times)
TD (6 times)
MA (5 times)
1993 When reading is acquired but phonemic awareness is not: a study of literacy in Down's syndrome.
38  phosphatidate
(88 times)
Biochemistry
(47 times)
PLD (14 times)
DAG (12 times)
NEP (11 times)
1980 [Follow-up studies on the behavior of mineral metabolic parameters with particular reference to the degree of skeletal minearlization in the milch cow in the period 4 weeks ante- to 16 weeks postpartum].
39  protein A
(88 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
PG (5 times)
SEA (5 times)
FCS (3 times)
1977 Staphylococcal protein A in immunoferritin techniques.
40  pseudoaneurysm
(79 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
AVF (8 times)
AMI (4 times)
CEA (4 times)
1980 Two-dimensional echocardiographic recognition of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm.
41  prior authorization
(75 times)
Managed Care Programs
(21 times)
HCV (5 times)
PMPM (4 times)
MCO (3 times)
2002 Impact of NSAIDs prior authorization policy on patients' QoL.
42  personal accomplishment
(74 times)
Medicine
(14 times)
EE (70 times)
DP (61 times)
MBI (29 times)
1998 [The prevalence of the burnout syndrome or professional exhaustion in primary care physicians].
43  prism adaptation
(72 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
ADL (5 times)
PPC (5 times)
USN (5 times)
2002 Long-lasting amelioration of visuospatial neglect by prism adaptation.
44  premature adrenarche
(68 times)
Endocrinology
(38 times)
DHEAS (10 times)
BMI (7 times)
PCOS (7 times)
1985 17-Hydroxyprogesterone responses to adrenocorticotropin in children with premature adrenarche.
45  phthalic anhydride
(65 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
TMA (16 times)
MA (11 times)
ELISA (10 times)
1982 Clinical and immunologic evaluation of trimellitic anhydride-and phthalic anhydride-exposed workers using a questionnaire with comparative analysis of enzyme-linked immunosorbent and radioimmunoassay studies.
46  puromycin aminonucleoside
(65 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
PAN (7 times)
FSGS (5 times)
ADR (3 times)
1981 Experimental nephrosis: interassociation of proteinuria with impaired lymphocyte blastogenesis.
47  polyacrylamide
(64 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
ECM (4 times)
PAGE (4 times)
CZE (3 times)
1975 Distinction between fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products in plasma.
48  popliteal artery
(64 times)
Vascular Diseases
(31 times)
SFA (18 times)
CFA (10 times)
CCA (6 times)
1989 Laser-assisted reconstructive vascular surgery.
49  phagocytic activity
(62 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
ROS (12 times)
PI (11 times)
SOD (7 times)
1980 Occurrence of deficient monocyte yeast cell phagocytosis in presence of rheumatic sera.
50  parathyroid adenoma
(60 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(16 times)
pHPT (20 times)
PC (13 times)
PTH (9 times)
1999 Unsuspected intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma: mimic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in fine-needle aspiration specimens-a case report.
51  phenylacetate
(58 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
PB (15 times)
PAG (3 times)
Phe (3 times)
1983 Experimental maternal phenylketonuria: an examination of two animal models.
52  phenylacetic acid
(58 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
PA-CoA (7 times)
BA (6 times)
POA (4 times)
1989 Uptake of phenylacetic acid by Penicillium chrysogenum Wis 54-1255: a critical regulatory point in benzylpenicillin biosynthesis.
53  pyridylaminated
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HPLC (6 times)
FAC (3 times)
AAL (2 times)
1987 Identification method for twelve oligomannose-type sugar chains thought to be processing intermediates of glycoproteins.
54  panic attacks
(52 times)
Psychiatry
(27 times)
PD (23 times)
FS (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
1988 Binding of imipramine to platelet membranes is reduced in panic attacks.
55  pennation angle
(52 times)
Physiology
(20 times)
MT (24 times)
FL (18 times)
CSA (11 times)
2001 In vivo measurement of fascicle length and pennation angle of the human biceps femoris muscle.
56  penicillamine
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
CP (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Cys (3 times)
1975 Investigation of the response to some haptenic determinants in penicillin allergy by skin and in vitro allergy tests.
57  Pennsylvania
(49 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
UT (6 times)
CWP (5 times)
WV (5 times)
1987 Geographic differences in hemophilia-associated AIDS incidence in Pennsylvania. By the Pennsylvania AIDS Surveillance Study Group.
58  prostate-specific antigen
(47 times)
Urology
(27 times)
PAP (25 times)
gamma-Sm (16 times)
BPH (10 times)
1980 Quantitation of prostate-specific antigen in serum by a sensitive enzyme immunoassay.
59  penicillic acid
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
OTA (9 times)
POH (8 times)
MPA (6 times)
1972 Control of Penicillium martensii development and penicillic acid production by atmospheric gases and temperatures.
60  phaseic acid
(43 times)
Botany
(25 times)
ABA (33 times)
DPA (20 times)
ABA-GE (7 times)
1973 The isolation of an abscisic-acid metabolite, 4'-dihydrophaseic acid, from non-imbibed Phaseolus vulgaris seed.
61  pituitary apoplexy
(43 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
MRI (10 times)
ACTH (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1991 [Pituitary apoplexy and empty sella].
62  alveolar pressure
(42 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
RL (6 times)
EL (5 times)
MCh (4 times)
1978 Peribronchial pressure in excised dog lungs.
63  pulse amplitude
(42 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
POBF (19 times)
IOP (11 times)
PW (5 times)
1976 [Finger vasomotor, heart rate, and electrodermal measures of orienting and defensive reflexes (author's transl)].
64  predictive accuracy
(41 times)
Urology
(15 times)
RP (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
BCR (4 times)
1979 Use of treadmill score to quantify ischemic response and predict extent of coronary disease.
65  penicillin acylase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MCFs (3 times)
6-APA (1 time)
7-ADCA (1 time)
1975 [Properties of penicillin amidase covalently bound to cellulose matrices].
66  plasmapheresis
(38 times)
Therapeutics
(16 times)
HS (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1985 Immunosuppressive agents and plasmapheresis in immunological disorders.
67  prednisolone acetate
(38 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
CA (4 times)
TA (4 times)
DEX (3 times)
1986 Simultaneous determination of prednisolone acetate, prednisolone, prednisone, cortisone and hydrocortisone in swine plasma using solid-phase and liquid-liquid extraction techniques.
68  proteasome activator
(38 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BA (3 times)
CAPD (3 times)
ER (3 times)
1976 [The peroxidase activity of rat cerebral hemisphere neurons during hypoxia training].
69  pyruvic acid
(38 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
LA (6 times)
KGA (4 times)
LDH (3 times)
1976 Metabolic acidosis in status asthmaticus.
70  posterior approach
(37 times)
Orthopedics
(25 times)
THA (22 times)
DAA (20 times)
AA (7 times)
2009 Critical issues in groin hernia management.
71  para-aortic
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
LACC (5 times)
PET (4 times)
DL (3 times)
1980 Cellular immunity during pregnancy. I. Proliferative and cytotoxic reactivity of paraaortic lymph nodes.
72  parthenogenetic
(36 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(17 times)
SCNT (14 times)
IVF (8 times)
BSP (5 times)
2004 Apoptosis in parthenogenetic preimplantation porcine embryos.
73  pantothenic acid
(34 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
CoA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
1975 Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency on microsomal lipids of rat liver.
74  physical abuse
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
SA (21 times)
EA (7 times)
PN (6 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
75  placental abruption
(34 times)
Obstetrics
(16 times)
PE (6 times)
CS (3 times)
GWAS (3 times)
1996 The occurrence of placental abruption in Norway 1967-1991.
76  peanut allergy
(33 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
NA (6 times)
PS (4 times)
SPT (4 times)
1998 Identification and partial characterization of multiple major allergens in peanut proteins.
77  protocatechuic acid
(33 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
DSS (4 times)
PAH (4 times)
pCA (3 times)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
78  percentage agreement
(32 times)
Rehabilitation
(13 times)
ICC (5 times)
COPD (2 times)
FHR (2 times)
2001 Reliability of an interview approach to the Functional Independence Measure.
79  periapical
(32 times)
Dentistry
(24 times)
CBCT (20 times)
BW (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
80  plaque area
(32 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
IVUS (12 times)
LA (9 times)
VA (7 times)
1994 Atherosclerotic plaque evolution in the descending thoracic aorta in familial hypercholesterolemic patients. A transesophageal echo study.
81  P. aeruginosa
(31 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CF (4 times)
EC (3 times)
KP (2 times)
1975 Comparison of amikacin and gentamicin.
82  protected area
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
LULC (2 times)
ALCI (1 time)
BACI (1 time)
2001 A nonhuman primate model of age-related bone loss: a longitudinal study in male and premenopausal female rhesus monkeys.
83  pulmonary artery pressure
(30 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
PVR (8 times)
CI (5 times)
BP (4 times)
1975 [Haemodynamic effects of nitroglycerin (author's transl)].
84  placenta accreta
(29 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
PP (7 times)
CS (3 times)
AIP (2 times)
2008 Placenta accreta: spectrum of US and MR imaging findings.
85  plasma aldosterone concentration
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
PRA (23 times)
UAE (3 times)
AII (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
86  pulmonary angiography
(29 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
PE (20 times)
CT (7 times)
CTPA (4 times)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
87  primary anastomosis
(28 times)
General Surgery
(20 times)
HP (15 times)
CI (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
1989 Thrombogenicity of canine free internal mammary artery autografts.
88  prostatic adenoma
(27 times)
Urology
(26 times)
TUR (4 times)
PC (2 times)
PU (2 times)
1989 [Selection of the method of drainage of the urinary tract in patients with advanced-stage adenoma of the prostate].
89  pachymic acid
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ROS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
CLP (2 times)
2005 Induction of apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by pachymic acid from Poria cocos.
90  paired-associate
(26 times)
Psychology
(13 times)
FB (6 times)
WPT (4 times)
BG (2 times)
1975 Acquisition of verbal associations to olfactory stimuli of varying familiarity and to abstract visual stimuli.
91  Patchouli alcohol
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
IL (3 times)
iNOS (3 times)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of patchouli alcohol isolated from Pogostemonis Herba in animal models.
92  perforated appendicitis
(25 times)
General Surgery
(20 times)
LA (7 times)
OA (6 times)
AA (5 times)
2000 Historical changes in the postoperative treatment of appendicitis in children: impact on medical outcome.
93  pulmonary aspergilloma
(25 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
BAL (4 times)
IPA (4 times)
ABPA (2 times)
1991 [Diagnostic validity of imaging methods in the detection and observation of the progress of cases of invasive aspergillosis of the blood vessels of the lung].
94  polymerase
(24 times)
Science
(6 times)
NP (10 times)
HA (4 times)
PB1 (4 times)
1987 Genetics of cold-adapted B/Ann Arbor/1/66 influenza virus reassortants: the acidic polymerase (PA) protein gene confers temperature sensitivity and attenuated virulence.
95  pyloric atresia
(24 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
EB (11 times)
JEB (7 times)
CEB (1 time)
1991 Congenital pyloric atresia and junctional epidermolysis bullosa: a report of long-term survival and a review of the literature.
96  anti-protective antigen
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
LF (7 times)
TNA (5 times)
EF (4 times)
1989 Anthrax toxin: channel-forming activity of protective antigen in planar phospholipid bilayers.
97  parallel analysis
(23 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
EFA (6 times)
CFA (3 times)
PAF (2 times)
1992 Remarks on Parallel Analysis.
98  parthenogenetically activated
(23 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
IVF (7 times)
SCNT (6 times)
IVP (3 times)
2004 Analysis of imprinted messenger RNA expression during bovine preimplantation development.
99  polymerase acidic
(23 times)
Virology
(10 times)
PB1 (8 times)
PB2 (8 times)
HA (7 times)
1987 Primary structure of the polymerase acidic (PA) gene of an influenza B virus (B/Sing/222/79).
100  proliferative activity
(23 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
FIGO (2 times)
mAgNOR (2 times)
PCNA (2 times)
1980 [Periodization of the postnatal proliferative activity in the rat retinal pigment epithelium detected by a method of experimental microphthalmia].