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Abbreviation: PA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physical activity
(9179 times)
Sports Medicine
(1797 times)
MVPA (981 times)
BMI (654 times)
CI (375 times)
1977 A retrospective study of physical activity and coronary deaths.
pulmonary artery
(2158 times)
Cardiology
(728 times)
RV (279 times)
PH (153 times)
PAH (114 times)
1963 Pulmonary vasoconstriction in steers at high altitude
phosphatidic acid
(2073 times)
Biochemistry
(691 times)
PLD (428 times)
PC (355 times)
PI (254 times)
1964 TURNOVER OF PHOSPHATIDIC ACID AND SODIUM EXTRUSION FROM MAMMALIAN ERYTHROCYTES.
palmitic acid
(1355 times)
Biochemistry
(193 times)
OA (113 times)
HFD (101 times)
ROS (69 times)
1974 Effect of pipecolic acid isomers on the biogenesis of actinomycins.
plasminogen activator
(1079 times)
Neoplasms
(137 times)
tPA (198 times)
uPA (193 times)
PAI-1 (120 times)
1975 Mechanism of plasminogen activator and factor VIII increase after vasoactive drugs.
primary aldosteronism
(880 times)
Endocrinology
(327 times)
APA (151 times)
AVS (149 times)
ARR (118 times)
1976 [Secretory regulation and episodic secretion of aldosterone in patients with primary aldosteronism (author's transl)].
photoacoustic
(845 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(205 times)
NIR (101 times)
PTT (86 times)
US (85 times)
1980 Photoacoustics in life sciences.
protective antigen
(750 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(232 times)
LF (257 times)
EF (155 times)
LT (39 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(731 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(170 times)
CF (209 times)
SA (50 times)
MRSA (30 times)
1980 Immune complexes and humoral response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis.
10  posteroanterior
(667 times)
Radiology
(115 times)
AP (155 times)
BMD (41 times)
CT (41 times)
1978 A needle biopsy would be quickest.
11  positive affect
(403 times)
Psychology
(164 times)
NA (278 times)
PANAS (19 times)
EMA (14 times)
1988 Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of positive and negative affect: their relation to health complaints, perceived stress, and daily activities.
12  polyamide
(397 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
Spd (42 times)
ODC (38 times)
Put (38 times)
1981 Polyamine responses in a solid transplanted tumor (S180) in liver and in urine during endotoxin-induced tumor injury in the mouse.
13  physician assistant
(396 times)
Education
(215 times)
NP (34 times)
PANCE (11 times)
IPE (10 times)
0 Patella Fracture in US Servicemember in an Austere Location.
14  pleomorphic adenoma
(386 times)
Pathology
(128 times)
ACC (72 times)
MEC (44 times)
CXPA (33 times)
1988 Intermediate filament expression in normal parotid glands and pleomorphic adenomas.
15  plasma aldosterone
(236 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
PRA (181 times)
BP (33 times)
PC (27 times)
1975 Diurnal variations of plasma aldosterone in supine man: relationship to plasma renin activity and plasma cortisol.
16  pilocytic astrocytoma
(217 times)
Neurology
(84 times)
PMA (29 times)
NF1 (16 times)
GBM (15 times)
1993 Chemotherapy for pilocytic astrocytomas.
17  passive avoidance
(216 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
MWM (41 times)
MDA (24 times)
EPM (19 times)
1976 Scopolamine's effect on passive avoidance behavior in immature rats.
18  prealbumin
(196 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
ALB (50 times)
RBP (47 times)
CRP (25 times)
1975 Vitamin A transport in chicken plasma: isolation and characterization of retinol-binding protein (RBP), prealbumin (PA), and RBP--PA complex.
19  proanthocyanidin
(181 times)
Botany
(38 times)
MDA (10 times)
SOD (9 times)
GA (7 times)
1995 Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes.
20  pituitary adenoma
(172 times)
Endocrinology
(43 times)
RCC (12 times)
MRI (9 times)
ETSS (7 times)
1985 Hormonal response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in healthy horses and in horses with pituitary adenoma.
21  propionic acidemia
(172 times)
Metabolism
(48 times)
MMA (60 times)
PCC (34 times)
IVA (14 times)
1984 Hudson memorial lecture. Neonatal management of organic acidurias. Clinical update.
22  palmitate
(155 times)
Biochemistry
(41 times)
HFD (25 times)
ER (22 times)
ROS (16 times)
1990 The intramyocardial fate of [1-14C] palmitate, iodopalmitate and iodophenylpentadecanoate in isolated rat hearts. A contribution to the choice of an iodinated fatty acid as a tracer of myocardial metabolism.
23  platelet aggregation
(154 times)
Vascular Diseases
(46 times)
ADP (21 times)
PRP (13 times)
AA (10 times)
1970 The platelet aggregation test in group B arbovirus infections.
24  phase angle
(145 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(59 times)
BIA (65 times)
BMI (25 times)
BIVA (14 times)
1990 On-line bioelectric impedance during haemodialysis: monitoring of body fluids and cell membrane status.
25  pernicious anemia
(142 times)
Medicine
(32 times)
Hb (6 times)
IF (6 times)
PCA (6 times)
1968 Malabsorption of hemoglobin iron in pernicious anemia: correction with intrinsic factor--containing substances.
26  proton affinity
(132 times)
Chemistry
(77 times)
DFT (26 times)
BDE (16 times)
IP (14 times)
1991 Demonstration of putative membrane and cytosol steroid receptors for 17alpha, 20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one in brook troutSalvelinus fontinalis oocytes by photoaffinity labelling using synthetic progestin 17,21-dimethyl-19-nor-pregn-4,9-diene-3,20-dione (R5020).
27  pyrrolizidine alkaloid
(126 times)
Toxicology
(41 times)
MCT (9 times)
SJ (4 times)
TR (4 times)
1982 Failure of mineral-vitamin supplements to prevent tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) toxicosis in cattle.
28  particle agglutination
(120 times)
Communicable Diseases
(24 times)
WB (22 times)
IF (20 times)
EIA (19 times)
1976 [Antibodies and immunoglobulin levels in sera from patients with African paragonimiasis (author's transl)].
29  peptide amphiphile
(117 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(32 times)
ECM (12 times)
SEM (9 times)
CN (6 times)
2003 Self-assembly combining two bioactive peptide-amphiphile molecules into nanofibers by electrostatic attraction.
30  phthalic acid
(114 times)
Environmental Health
(50 times)
DMP (22 times)
DEHP (20 times)
MEHP (19 times)
1978 [Radiolytic decontamination of Di-n-butyl phthalate from water (author's transl)].
31  psoriatic arthritis
(111 times)
Rheumatology
(36 times)
RA (48 times)
AS (20 times)
OA (15 times)
1975 HL-A W27 in psoriatic arthropathy.
32  pancreatic adenocarcinoma
(109 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
CP (12 times)
PD (12 times)
OS (8 times)
1985 Effects of dichloromethylene diphosphonate on the osteolytic and osteoplastic effects of rat prostate adenocarcinoma cells.
33  procainamide
(108 times)
Pharmacology
(53 times)
NAPA (44 times)
ERP (5 times)
PABA (5 times)
1968 [The occurence and distribution of volatile amines in marine algae].
34  polyacrylate
(106 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(72 times)
SPME (54 times)
PDMS (40 times)
HS-SPME (14 times)
1991 Biodegradation and sorption properties of polydisperse acrylate polymers.
35  parthenogenetic activation
(105 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(61 times)
IVF (50 times)
SCNT (38 times)
IVM (35 times)
2003 Recruit of porcine oocytes excluded from nuclear transfer program for the production of embryos following parthenogenetic activation.
36  phonological awareness
(102 times)
Psychology
(27 times)
RAN (20 times)
MA (7 times)
TD (7 times)
1993 When reading is acquired but phonemic awareness is not: a study of literacy in Down's syndrome.
37  perinatal asphyxia
(101 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
HIE (16 times)
NO (5 times)
CNS (4 times)
1996 Striatal cytomegalic neurons containing nitric oxide are associated with experimental perinatal asphyxia: implication of cold treatment.
38  personal accomplishment
(100 times)
Medicine
(18 times)
EE (96 times)
DP (84 times)
MBI (36 times)
1998 [The prevalence of the burnout syndrome or professional exhaustion in primary care physicians].
39  phosphatidate
(90 times)
Biochemistry
(47 times)
NEP (14 times)
PLD (14 times)
DAG (12 times)
1980 [Follow-up studies on the behavior of mineral metabolic parameters with particular reference to the degree of skeletal minearlization in the milch cow in the period 4 weeks ante- to 16 weeks postpartum].
40  protein A
(90 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
PG (6 times)
SEA (5 times)
FCS (3 times)
1977 Staphylococcal protein A in immunoferritin techniques.
41  prior authorization
(86 times)
Managed Care Programs
(22 times)
HCV (5 times)
PMPM (4 times)
ST (4 times)
2002 Impact of NSAIDs prior authorization policy on patients' QoL.
42  prism adaptation
(86 times)
Neurology
(54 times)
USN (6 times)
ADL (5 times)
PPC (5 times)
2002 Long-lasting amelioration of visuospatial neglect by prism adaptation.
43  pseudoaneurysm
(86 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
AVF (10 times)
CEA (5 times)
AMI (4 times)
1980 Two-dimensional echocardiographic recognition of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm.
44  popliteal artery
(76 times)
Vascular Diseases
(34 times)
SFA (20 times)
CFA (12 times)
CCA (6 times)
0 Location of the Popliteal Artery in Knee Extension on Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
45  phthalic anhydride
(75 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
TMA (17 times)
MA (12 times)
ELISA (11 times)
1982 Clinical and immunologic evaluation of trimellitic anhydride-and phthalic anhydride-exposed workers using a questionnaire with comparative analysis of enzyme-linked immunosorbent and radioimmunoassay studies.
46  premature adrenarche
(72 times)
Endocrinology
(40 times)
DHEAS (11 times)
BMI (10 times)
PCOS (8 times)
1985 17-Hydroxyprogesterone responses to adrenocorticotropin in children with premature adrenarche.
47  phagocytic activity
(71 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(23 times)
PI (13 times)
ROS (13 times)
SOD (10 times)
1980 Occurrence of deficient monocyte yeast cell phagocytosis in presence of rheumatic sera.
48  pennation angle
(68 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
MT (33 times)
FL (26 times)
CSA (12 times)
2001 In vivo measurement of fascicle length and pennation angle of the human biceps femoris muscle.
49  polyacrylamide
(66 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
ECM (4 times)
PAGE (4 times)
CZE (3 times)
1975 Distinction between fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products in plasma.
50  parathyroid adenoma
(65 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(17 times)
pHPT (20 times)
PC (17 times)
PTH (10 times)
1999 Unsuspected intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma: mimic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in fine-needle aspiration specimens-a case report.
51  puromycin aminonucleoside
(65 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
PAN (7 times)
FSGS (5 times)
ADR (3 times)
1981 Experimental nephrosis: interassociation of proteinuria with impaired lymphocyte blastogenesis.
52  phenylacetic acid
(62 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
PA-CoA (7 times)
BA (6 times)
POA (4 times)
1989 Uptake of phenylacetic acid by Penicillium chrysogenum Wis 54-1255: a critical regulatory point in benzylpenicillin biosynthesis.
53  Pennsylvania
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
NY (6 times)
UT (6 times)
CWP (5 times)
1987 Geographic differences in hemophilia-associated AIDS incidence in Pennsylvania. By the Pennsylvania AIDS Surveillance Study Group.
54  phenylacetate
(58 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
PB (15 times)
PAG (3 times)
Phe (3 times)
1983 Experimental maternal phenylketonuria: an examination of two animal models.
55  pyridylaminated
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HPLC (6 times)
FAC (3 times)
AAL (2 times)
1987 Identification method for twelve oligomannose-type sugar chains thought to be processing intermediates of glycoproteins.
56  panic attacks
(55 times)
Psychiatry
(29 times)
PD (26 times)
FS (4 times)
PTSD (4 times)
1988 Binding of imipramine to platelet membranes is reduced in panic attacks.
57  pituitary apoplexy
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(20 times)
MRI (12 times)
ACTH (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 [Pituitary apoplexy and empty sella].
58  penicillic acid
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
POH (10 times)
OTA (9 times)
PAT (7 times)
1972 Control of Penicillium martensii development and penicillic acid production by atmospheric gases and temperatures.
59  penicillamine
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
CP (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Cys (3 times)
1975 Investigation of the response to some haptenic determinants in penicillin allergy by skin and in vitro allergy tests.
60  posterior approach
(48 times)
Orthopedics
(34 times)
THA (27 times)
DAA (25 times)
AA (10 times)
2009 Critical issues in groin hernia management.
61  prostate-specific antigen
(47 times)
Urology
(27 times)
PAP (25 times)
gamma-Sm (16 times)
BPH (10 times)
1980 Quantitation of prostate-specific antigen in serum by a sensitive enzyme immunoassay.
62  protected area
(46 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
LULC (2 times)
ALCI (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2001 A nonhuman primate model of age-related bone loss: a longitudinal study in male and premenopausal female rhesus monkeys.
63  phaseic acid
(44 times)
Botany
(25 times)
ABA (34 times)
DPA (20 times)
ABA-GE (7 times)
1973 The isolation of an abscisic-acid metabolite, 4'-dihydrophaseic acid, from non-imbibed Phaseolus vulgaris seed.
64  predictive accuracy
(44 times)
Urology
(15 times)
RP (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
BCR (4 times)
1979 Use of treadmill score to quantify ischemic response and predict extent of coronary disease.
65  alveolar pressure
(43 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
RL (6 times)
EL (5 times)
MCh (4 times)
1978 Peribronchial pressure in excised dog lungs.
66  placental abruption
(43 times)
Obstetrics
(18 times)
PE (6 times)
aOR (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1996 The occurrence of placental abruption in Norway 1967-1991.
67  pulse amplitude
(42 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
POBF (19 times)
IOP (11 times)
PW (5 times)
1976 [Finger vasomotor, heart rate, and electrodermal measures of orienting and defensive reflexes (author's transl)].
68  parthenogenetic
(40 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(19 times)
SCNT (15 times)
IVF (10 times)
BSP (5 times)
2004 Apoptosis in parthenogenetic preimplantation porcine embryos.
69  prednisolone acetate
(40 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
CA (4 times)
DSC (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1986 Simultaneous determination of prednisolone acetate, prednisolone, prednisone, cortisone and hydrocortisone in swine plasma using solid-phase and liquid-liquid extraction techniques.
70  percentage agreement
(39 times)
Rehabilitation
(15 times)
ICC (6 times)
IQR (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
2001 Reliability of an interview approach to the Functional Independence Measure.
71  plasmapheresis
(39 times)
Therapeutics
(16 times)
HS (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1985 Immunosuppressive agents and plasmapheresis in immunological disorders.
72  peanut allergy
(38 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
NA (6 times)
PS (4 times)
SPT (4 times)
1998 Identification and partial characterization of multiple major allergens in peanut proteins.
73  penicillin acylase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MCFs (3 times)
6-APA (1 time)
7-ADCA (1 time)
1975 [Properties of penicillin amidase covalently bound to cellulose matrices].
74  proteasome activator
(38 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BA (3 times)
CAPD (3 times)
ER (3 times)
1976 [The peroxidase activity of rat cerebral hemisphere neurons during hypoxia training].
75  protocatechuic acid
(38 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
DSS (4 times)
PAH (4 times)
C3G (3 times)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
76  para-aortic
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
LACC (5 times)
PET (4 times)
DL (3 times)
1980 Cellular immunity during pregnancy. I. Proliferative and cytotoxic reactivity of paraaortic lymph nodes.
77  P. aeruginosa
(36 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CF (6 times)
CIP (3 times)
EC (3 times)
1975 Comparison of amikacin and gentamicin.
78  placenta accreta
(36 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
PP (7 times)
CS (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
2008 Placenta accreta: spectrum of US and MR imaging findings.
79  periapical
(35 times)
Dentistry
(26 times)
CBCT (21 times)
BW (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
80  pantothenic acid
(34 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
CoA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
1975 Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency on microsomal lipids of rat liver.
81  physical abuse
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
SA (21 times)
EA (7 times)
PN (6 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
82  plaque area
(34 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
IVUS (12 times)
LA (11 times)
VA (7 times)
1994 Atherosclerotic plaque evolution in the descending thoracic aorta in familial hypercholesterolemic patients. A transesophageal echo study.
83  polymerase acidic
(32 times)
Virology
(12 times)
HA (10 times)
NA (10 times)
NP (10 times)
1987 Primary structure of the polymerase acidic (PA) gene of an influenza B virus (B/Sing/222/79).
84  Patchouli alcohol
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
IL (3 times)
iNOS (3 times)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of patchouli alcohol isolated from Pogostemonis Herba in animal models.
85  pulmonary aspergilloma
(31 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
BAL (4 times)
IPA (4 times)
ABPA (2 times)
1991 [Diagnostic validity of imaging methods in the detection and observation of the progress of cases of invasive aspergillosis of the blood vessels of the lung].
86  primary anastomosis
(30 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
HP (16 times)
CI (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
1989 Thrombogenicity of canine free internal mammary artery autografts.
87  pulmonary artery pressure
(30 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
PVR (8 times)
CI (5 times)
BP (4 times)
1975 [Haemodynamic effects of nitroglycerin (author's transl)].
88  parallel analysis
(29 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
EFA (7 times)
CFA (4 times)
CD (2 times)
1992 Remarks on Parallel Analysis.
89  plasma aldosterone concentration
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
PRA (23 times)
UAE (3 times)
AII (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
90  pulmonary angiography
(29 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
PE (20 times)
CT (7 times)
CTPA (4 times)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
91  perforated appendicitis
(28 times)
General Surgery
(21 times)
LA (7 times)
AA (6 times)
OA (6 times)
2000 Historical changes in the postoperative treatment of appendicitis in children: impact on medical outcome.
92  pachymic acid
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
ROS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
CLP (2 times)
2005 Induction of apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by pachymic acid from Poria cocos.
93  paired-associate
(27 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
FB (6 times)
WPT (4 times)
BG (2 times)
1975 Acquisition of verbal associations to olfactory stimuli of varying familiarity and to abstract visual stimuli.
94  prostatic adenoma
(27 times)
Urology
(26 times)
TUR (4 times)
PC (2 times)
PU (2 times)
1989 [Selection of the method of drainage of the urinary tract in patients with advanced-stage adenoma of the prostate].
95  parthenogenetically activated
(25 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(14 times)
IVF (9 times)
SCNT (7 times)
IVP (3 times)
2004 Analysis of imprinted messenger RNA expression during bovine preimplantation development.
96  polymerase
(25 times)
Science
(7 times)
NP (11 times)
HA (4 times)
PB1 (4 times)
1987 Genetics of cold-adapted B/Ann Arbor/1/66 influenza virus reassortants: the acidic polymerase (PA) protein gene confers temperature sensitivity and attenuated virulence.
97  primary amenorrhea
(25 times)
Gynecology
(9 times)
SA (8 times)
TS (4 times)
POF (3 times)
1979 Infrequent structural chromosome aberrations in women with primary amenorrhea.
98  proteolytic activity
(25 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
MCA (7 times)
HDL3 (3 times)
MCE (2 times)
1976 Lung proteolytic activity and serum protease inhibition after NO2 exposure.
99  palmitic
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SA (13 times)
AA (5 times)
LA (5 times)
1992 Inhibition of human term placental and fetal liver glutathione-S-transferases by fatty acids and fatty acid esters.
100  pyloric atresia
(24 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
EB (11 times)
JEB (7 times)
CEB (1 time)
1991 Congenital pyloric atresia and junctional epidermolysis bullosa: a report of long-term survival and a review of the literature.