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Abbreviation: PA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physical activity
(10985 times)
Public Health
(2052 times)
MVPA (1185 times)
BMI (777 times)
SB (471 times)
1977 A retrospective study of physical activity and coronary deaths.
pulmonary artery
(2308 times)
Cardiology
(775 times)
RV (299 times)
PH (169 times)
PAH (132 times)
1963 Pulmonary vasoconstriction in steers at high altitude
phosphatidic acid
(2215 times)
Biochemistry
(705 times)
PLD (445 times)
PC (375 times)
DAG (263 times)
1964 TURNOVER OF PHOSPHATIDIC ACID AND SODIUM EXTRUSION FROM MAMMALIAN ERYTHROCYTES.
palmitic acid
(1606 times)
Biochemistry
(221 times)
HFD (135 times)
OA (122 times)
NAFLD (86 times)
1974 Effect of pipecolic acid isomers on the biogenesis of actinomycins.
plasminogen activator
(1084 times)
Neoplasms
(137 times)
tPA (200 times)
uPA (194 times)
PAI-1 (120 times)
1975 Mechanism of plasminogen activator and factor VIII increase after vasoactive drugs.
photoacoustic
(1069 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(242 times)
NIR (140 times)
PTT (131 times)
US (109 times)
1980 Photoacoustics in life sciences.
primary aldosteronism
(1051 times)
Endocrinology
(397 times)
AVS (182 times)
APA (171 times)
ARR (144 times)
1976 [Secretory regulation and episodic secretion of aldosterone in patients with primary aldosteronism (author's transl)].
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
(817 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(181 times)
CF (231 times)
SA (64 times)
MRSA (35 times)
1980 Immune complexes and humoral response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis.
protective antigen
(764 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(234 times)
LF (263 times)
EF (161 times)
LT (39 times)
1968 Purification and properties of in vitro-produced anthrax toxin components.
10  posteroanterior
(710 times)
Radiology
(118 times)
AP (169 times)
CT (45 times)
BMD (42 times)
1978 A needle biopsy would be quickest.
11  polyamide
(482 times)
Environmental Health
(87 times)
Spd (45 times)
Put (39 times)
ODC (38 times)
1981 Polyamine responses in a solid transplanted tumor (S180) in liver and in urine during endotoxin-induced tumor injury in the mouse.
12  physician assistant
(462 times)
Education
(244 times)
NP (46 times)
IPE (12 times)
PANCE (12 times)
1976 The PA (physician assistant) what are they?
13  positive affect
(459 times)
Psychology
(178 times)
NA (325 times)
EMA (24 times)
PANAS (22 times)
1988 Intraindividual and interindividual analyses of positive and negative affect: their relation to health complaints, perceived stress, and daily activities.
14  pleomorphic adenoma
(438 times)
Pathology
(142 times)
ACC (77 times)
MEC (50 times)
WT (38 times)
1988 Intermediate filament expression in normal parotid glands and pleomorphic adenomas.
15  plasma aldosterone
(236 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
PRA (181 times)
BP (33 times)
PC (27 times)
1975 Diurnal variations of plasma aldosterone in supine man: relationship to plasma renin activity and plasma cortisol.
16  pilocytic astrocytoma
(234 times)
Neurology
(91 times)
PMA (30 times)
GBM (16 times)
NF1 (15 times)
1993 Chemotherapy for pilocytic astrocytomas.
17  passive avoidance
(229 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
MWM (49 times)
MDA (25 times)
EPM (20 times)
1976 Scopolamine's effect on passive avoidance behavior in immature rats.
18  pituitary adenoma
(218 times)
Endocrinology
(52 times)
RCC (15 times)
GH (14 times)
MRI (11 times)
1985 Hormonal response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in healthy horses and in horses with pituitary adenoma.
19  prealbumin
(215 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
ALB (64 times)
RBP (49 times)
CRP (34 times)
1975 Vitamin A transport in chicken plasma: isolation and characterization of retinol-binding protein (RBP), prealbumin (PA), and RBP--PA complex.
20  proanthocyanidin
(201 times)
Botany
(40 times)
MDA (10 times)
SOD (9 times)
GA (7 times)
1995 Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes.
21  propionic acidemia
(199 times)
Metabolism
(55 times)
MMA (70 times)
PCC (39 times)
IVA (15 times)
1984 Hudson memorial lecture. Neonatal management of organic acidurias. Clinical update.
22  palmitate
(193 times)
Biochemistry
(50 times)
HFD (40 times)
ER (23 times)
ROS (19 times)
1990 The intramyocardial fate of [1-14C] palmitate, iodopalmitate and iodophenylpentadecanoate in isolated rat hearts. A contribution to the choice of an iodinated fatty acid as a tracer of myocardial metabolism.
23  phase angle
(174 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(70 times)
BIA (73 times)
BMI (29 times)
BIVA (20 times)
1990 On-line bioelectric impedance during haemodialysis: monitoring of body fluids and cell membrane status.
24  platelet aggregation
(159 times)
Vascular Diseases
(48 times)
ADP (22 times)
PRP (13 times)
AA (12 times)
1970 The platelet aggregation test in group B arbovirus infections.
25  pernicious anemia
(150 times)
Medicine
(33 times)
IF (8 times)
Hb (7 times)
PCA (6 times)
1968 Malabsorption of hemoglobin iron in pernicious anemia: correction with intrinsic factor--containing substances.
26  proton affinity
(142 times)
Chemistry
(82 times)
DFT (27 times)
BDE (17 times)
GB (15 times)
1991 Demonstration of putative membrane and cytosol steroid receptors for 17alpha, 20beta-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one in brook troutSalvelinus fontinalis oocytes by photoaffinity labelling using synthetic progestin 17,21-dimethyl-19-nor-pregn-4,9-diene-3,20-dione (R5020).
27  pyrrolizidine alkaloid
(138 times)
Toxicology
(45 times)
MCT (9 times)
HSOS (6 times)
DHP (4 times)
1982 Failure of mineral-vitamin supplements to prevent tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) toxicosis in cattle.
28  personal accomplishment
(131 times)
Medicine
(21 times)
EE (125 times)
DP (112 times)
MBI (47 times)
1999 [The prevalence of the burnout syndrome or professional exhaustion in primary care physicians].
29  peptide amphiphile
(128 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(33 times)
ECM (12 times)
SEM (9 times)
AFM (6 times)
2003 Self-assembly combining two bioactive peptide-amphiphile molecules into nanofibers by electrostatic attraction.
30  phthalic acid
(127 times)
Environmental Health
(58 times)
DEHP (23 times)
DMP (23 times)
PAEs (23 times)
1978 [Radiolytic decontamination of Di-n-butyl phthalate from water (author's transl)].
31  particle agglutination
(123 times)
Communicable Diseases
(24 times)
WB (22 times)
IF (20 times)
EIA (19 times)
1976 [Antibodies and immunoglobulin levels in sera from patients with African paragonimiasis (author's transl)].
32  parthenogenetic activation
(121 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(67 times)
IVF (56 times)
IVM (43 times)
SCNT (40 times)
2003 Recruit of porcine oocytes excluded from nuclear transfer program for the production of embryos following parthenogenetic activation.
33  pancreatic adenocarcinoma
(117 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
OS (13 times)
CP (12 times)
PD (12 times)
1985 Effects of dichloromethylene diphosphonate on the osteolytic and osteoplastic effects of rat prostate adenocarcinoma cells.
34  phonological awareness
(116 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(32 times)
RAN (25 times)
MA (9 times)
TD (8 times)
1993 When reading is acquired but phonemic awareness is not: a study of literacy in Down's syndrome.
35  psoriatic arthritis
(115 times)
Rheumatology
(36 times)
RA (51 times)
AS (22 times)
OA (15 times)
1975 HL-A W27 in psoriatic arthropathy.
36  perinatal asphyxia
(112 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
HIE (19 times)
NO (6 times)
TH (6 times)
1996 Striatal cytomegalic neurons containing nitric oxide are associated with experimental perinatal asphyxia: implication of cold treatment.
37  polyacrylate
(112 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(73 times)
SPME (56 times)
PDMS (42 times)
HS-SPME (14 times)
1991 Biodegradation and sorption properties of polydisperse acrylate polymers.
38  procainamide
(110 times)
Pharmacology
(53 times)
NAPA (44 times)
ERP (5 times)
PABA (5 times)
1968 [The occurence and distribution of volatile amines in marine algae].
39  prior authorization
(104 times)
Pharmacy
(24 times)
HCV (9 times)
PMPM (4 times)
ST (4 times)
2002 Impact of NSAIDs prior authorization policy on patients' QoL.
40  prism adaptation
(99 times)
Neurology
(58 times)
USN (9 times)
PPC (6 times)
ADL (5 times)
2002 Long-lasting amelioration of visuospatial neglect by prism adaptation.
41  pseudoaneurysm
(96 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
AVF (13 times)
CEA (6 times)
US (4 times)
1980 Two-dimensional echocardiographic recognition of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm.
42  phosphatidate
(95 times)
Biochemistry
(50 times)
NEP (16 times)
PI (16 times)
PLD (14 times)
1980 [Follow-up studies on the behavior of mineral metabolic parameters with particular reference to the degree of skeletal minearlization in the milch cow in the period 4 weeks ante- to 16 weeks postpartum].
43  protein A
(91 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
PG (6 times)
SEA (5 times)
FCS (3 times)
1977 Staphylococcal protein A in immunoferritin techniques.
44  phthalic anhydride
(81 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
TMA (17 times)
AD (13 times)
MA (12 times)
1982 Clinical and immunologic evaluation of trimellitic anhydride-and phthalic anhydride-exposed workers using a questionnaire with comparative analysis of enzyme-linked immunosorbent and radioimmunoassay studies.
45  polyacrylamide
(81 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
ECM (5 times)
PAGE (5 times)
PDMS (4 times)
1975 Distinction between fibrinogen and fibrin degradation products in plasma.
46  popliteal artery
(81 times)
Vascular Diseases
(35 times)
SFA (21 times)
CFA (12 times)
CCA (6 times)
1989 Laser-assisted reconstructive vascular surgery.
47  pennation angle
(79 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
MT (38 times)
FL (33 times)
CSA (15 times)
2001 In vivo measurement of fascicle length and pennation angle of the human biceps femoris muscle.
48  phenylacetate
(79 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
PB (15 times)
DFT (5 times)
PAG (3 times)
1983 Experimental maternal phenylketonuria: an examination of two animal models.
49  premature adrenarche
(79 times)
Endocrinology
(43 times)
DHEAS (13 times)
PCOS (11 times)
BMI (10 times)
1985 17-Hydroxyprogesterone responses to adrenocorticotropin in children with premature adrenarche.
50  Pennsylvania
(78 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
NY (8 times)
UT (7 times)
CWP (5 times)
1987 Geographic differences in hemophilia-associated AIDS incidence in Pennsylvania. By the Pennsylvania AIDS Surveillance Study Group.
51  phagocytic activity
(78 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(24 times)
PI (14 times)
ROS (13 times)
SOD (12 times)
1980 Occurrence of deficient monocyte yeast cell phagocytosis in presence of rheumatic sera.
52  parathyroid adenoma
(73 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(18 times)
pHPT (24 times)
PC (21 times)
PTH (13 times)
1999 Unsuspected intrathyroidal parathyroid adenoma: mimic of lymphocytic thyroiditis in fine-needle aspiration specimens-a case report.
53  phenylacetic acid
(67 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
PA-CoA (7 times)
BA (6 times)
CA (4 times)
1989 Uptake of phenylacetic acid by Penicillium chrysogenum Wis 54-1255: a critical regulatory point in benzylpenicillin biosynthesis.
54  puromycin aminonucleoside
(67 times)
Nephrology
(20 times)
PAN (8 times)
FSGS (6 times)
ADR (3 times)
1981 Experimental nephrosis: interassociation of proteinuria with impaired lymphocyte blastogenesis.
55  Pituitary apoplexy
(63 times)
Endocrinology
(21 times)
MRI (13 times)
ACTH (3 times)
CT (3 times)
1991 [Pituitary apoplexy and empty sella].
56  posterior approach
(62 times)
Orthopedics
(44 times)
THA (37 times)
DAA (36 times)
AA (10 times)
2009 Critical issues in groin hernia management.
57  panic attacks
(59 times)
Psychiatry
(30 times)
PD (30 times)
FS (4 times)
GAD (4 times)
1988 Binding of imipramine to platelet membranes is reduced in panic attacks.
58  penicillic acid
(58 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
POH (12 times)
OTA (10 times)
PAT (7 times)
1972 Control of Penicillium martensii development and penicillic acid production by atmospheric gases and temperatures.
59  peanut allergy
(57 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(47 times)
NA (8 times)
SPT (6 times)
PS (5 times)
1998 Identification and partial characterization of multiple major allergens in peanut proteins.
60  pyridylaminated
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
HPLC (6 times)
FAC (3 times)
AAL (2 times)
1987 Identification method for twelve oligomannose-type sugar chains thought to be processing intermediates of glycoproteins.
61  protected area
(55 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
LULC (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
ALCI (1 time)
2001 A nonhuman primate model of age-related bone loss: a longitudinal study in male and premenopausal female rhesus monkeys.
62  penicillamine
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
CP (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Cys (3 times)
1975 Investigation of the response to some haptenic determinants in penicillin allergy by skin and in vitro allergy tests.
63  placental abruption
(50 times)
Obstetrics
(22 times)
PE (7 times)
aOR (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1996 The occurrence of placental abruption in Norway 1967-1991.
64  protocatechuic acid
(50 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
GA (6 times)
DSS (4 times)
PAH (4 times)
1999 Effects of humic substances and phenolic compounds on the in vitro toxicity of aluminium.
65  predictive accuracy
(48 times)
Urology
(15 times)
RP (8 times)
AUC (7 times)
BCR (4 times)
1979 Use of treadmill score to quantify ischemic response and predict extent of coronary disease.
66  polymerase acidic
(47 times)
Virology
(18 times)
HA (12 times)
NA (12 times)
NP (11 times)
1987 Primary structure of the polymerase acidic (PA) gene of an influenza B virus (B/Sing/222/79).
67  prostate-specific antigen
(47 times)
Urology
(27 times)
PAP (25 times)
gamma-Sm (16 times)
BPH (10 times)
1980 Quantitation of prostate-specific antigen in serum by a sensitive enzyme immunoassay.
68  phaseic acid
(46 times)
Botany
(26 times)
ABA (36 times)
DPA (21 times)
ABA-GE (7 times)
1973 The isolation of an abscisic-acid metabolite, 4'-dihydrophaseic acid, from non-imbibed Phaseolus vulgaris seed.
69  alveolar pressure
(44 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
RL (6 times)
EL (5 times)
PEEP (5 times)
1978 Peribronchial pressure in excised dog lungs.
70  percentage agreement
(44 times)
Rehabilitation
(15 times)
ICC (6 times)
COPD (2 times)
FHR (2 times)
2001 Reliability of an interview approach to the Functional Independence Measure.
71  pulse amplitude
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
POBF (19 times)
IOP (11 times)
PW (5 times)
1976 [Finger vasomotor, heart rate, and electrodermal measures of orienting and defensive reflexes (author's transl)].
72  para-aortic
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
LACC (7 times)
DL (4 times)
PET (4 times)
1980 Cellular immunity during pregnancy. I. Proliferative and cytotoxic reactivity of paraaortic lymph nodes.
73  parthenogenetic
(41 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(20 times)
SCNT (15 times)
IVF (10 times)
BSP (5 times)
2004 Apoptosis in parthenogenetic preimplantation porcine embryos.
74  prednisolone acetate
(41 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
CA (4 times)
DSC (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1986 Simultaneous determination of prednisolone acetate, prednisolone, prednisone, cortisone and hydrocortisone in swine plasma using solid-phase and liquid-liquid extraction techniques.
75  P. aeruginosa
(40 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CF (7 times)
CIP (3 times)
EC (3 times)
1975 Comparison of amikacin and gentamicin.
76  proteasome activator
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BA (3 times)
CAPD (3 times)
ER (3 times)
1976 [The peroxidase activity of rat cerebral hemisphere neurons during hypoxia training].
77  periapical
(39 times)
Dentistry
(28 times)
CBCT (25 times)
BW (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
78  placenta accreta
(39 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
PP (8 times)
CS (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
2008 Placenta accreta: spectrum of US and MR imaging findings.
79  plasmapheresis
(39 times)
Therapeutics
(16 times)
HS (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
1985 Immunosuppressive agents and plasmapheresis in immunological disorders.
80  pantothenic acid
(38 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
CoA (5 times)
AA (3 times)
Nrf2 (2 times)
1975 Effect of pantothenic acid deficiency on microsomal lipids of rat liver.
81  penicillin acylase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MCFs (3 times)
6-APA (1 time)
7-ADCA (1 time)
1975 [Properties of penicillin amidase covalently bound to cellulose matrices].
82  primary anastomosis
(38 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
HP (20 times)
CI (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
1989 Thrombogenicity of canine free internal mammary artery autografts.
83  Patchouli alcohol
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
COX-2 (3 times)
IL (3 times)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of patchouli alcohol isolated from Pogostemonis Herba in animal models.
84  physical abuse
(36 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
SA (23 times)
EA (8 times)
PN (7 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
85  pulmonary aspergillosis
(36 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
BAL (4 times)
IPA (4 times)
CPA (3 times)
1991 [Diagnostic validity of imaging methods in the detection and observation of the progress of cases of invasive aspergillosis of the blood vessels of the lung].
86  plaque area
(35 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
IVUS (12 times)
LA (11 times)
VA (7 times)
1994 Atherosclerotic plaque evolution in the descending thoracic aorta in familial hypercholesterolemic patients. A transesophageal echo study.
87  perforated appendicitis
(33 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
AA (9 times)
LA (7 times)
OA (7 times)
2000 Historical changes in the postoperative treatment of appendicitis in children: impact on medical outcome.
88  pachymic acid
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
ROS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
AKI (2 times)
2005 Induction of apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by pachymic acid from Poria cocos.
89  parallel analysis
(32 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
EFA (9 times)
CFA (6 times)
PCA (3 times)
1992 Remarks on Parallel Analysis.
90  pulmonary angiography
(31 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
PE (20 times)
CT (7 times)
CTPA (4 times)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
91  pulmonary artery pressure
(31 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
PVR (8 times)
CI (5 times)
BP (4 times)
1975 [Haemodynamic effects of nitroglycerin (author's transl)].
92  plasma aldosterone concentration
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
PRA (23 times)
UAE (3 times)
AII (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
93  parthenogenetically activated
(28 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(15 times)
IVF (10 times)
SCNT (7 times)
ROS (4 times)
2003 Analysis of imprinted messenger RNA expression during bovine preimplantation development.
94  Peripheral ameloblastoma
(28 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
AC (2 times)
BCC (2 times)
CKs (2 times)
1991 Peripheral ameloblastoma: a clinical and histologic study of 11 cases.
95  polymerase acidic protein
(28 times)
Virology
(11 times)
NP (7 times)
IAV (6 times)
HA (4 times)
1994 Mutational analysis of the conserved motifs of influenza A virus polymerase basic protein 1.
96  paired-associate
(27 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
FB (6 times)
WPT (4 times)
BG (2 times)
1975 Acquisition of verbal associations to olfactory stimuli of varying familiarity and to abstract visual stimuli.
97  palmitic
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SA (15 times)
AA (5 times)
LA (5 times)
1992 Inhibition of human term placental and fetal liver glutathione-S-transferases by fatty acids and fatty acid esters.
98  primary amenorrhea
(27 times)
Gynecology
(10 times)
SA (9 times)
TS (4 times)
POF (3 times)
1979 Infrequent structural chromosome aberrations in women with primary amenorrhea.
99  prostatic adenoma
(27 times)
Urology
(26 times)
TUR (4 times)
PC (2 times)
PU (2 times)
1989 [Selection of the method of drainage of the urinary tract in patients with advanced-stage adenoma of the prostate].
100  paracetamol
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
DA (4 times)
AA (3 times)
UA (3 times)
1988 A comparative study of the formation of chemically reactive drug metabolites by human liver microsomes.