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Abbreviation: PAA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
poly(acrylic acid)
(1386 times)
Chemistry
(492 times)
PAH (78 times)
LbL (75 times)
PEI (58 times)
1968 Antiviral activity of polyacrylic and polymethacrylic acids. I. Mode of action in vitro.
peracetic acid
(504 times)
Environmental Health
(106 times)
IAA (22 times)
PEA (14 times)
UV (12 times)
1967 Sporicidal activity of peracetic acid and beta-propiolactone at subzero temperatures.
phosphonoacetic acid
(122 times)
Virology
(61 times)
HSV (15 times)
PFA (15 times)
ACV (10 times)
1975 Phosphonoacetic acid-resistant herpes simplex virus infection in hairless mice.
polyacrylamide
(113 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
ECM (4 times)
ELISA (4 times)
PDMS (4 times)
1970 [Fractionation of thyroid hormone binding protein by polyacrylamide (PAA)-ultramacro-gel electrophoresis].
porous anodic alumina
(83 times)
Nanotechnology
(38 times)
SEM (7 times)
ALD (4 times)
EDX (4 times)
2005 Porous anodic alumina membrane as a sample support for MALDI-TOF MS analysis of salt-containing proteins.
popliteal artery aneurysm
(76 times)
General Surgery
(47 times)
AAA (8 times)
ABI (5 times)
OR (4 times)
1993 The continuing challenge of aneurysms of the popliteal artery.
plasminogen activator activity
(65 times)
Vascular Diseases
(19 times)
PAI (22 times)
PI (16 times)
tPA (14 times)
1980 Plasminogen-activating activity: association with steroid binding by cytosols of human breast cancers.
Pulmonary artery aneurysm
(65 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
BD (14 times)
PAH (4 times)
CT (2 times)
1976 Aneurysm of the main pulmonary artery: long-term survival after aneurysmorrhaphy and closure of a ventricular septal defect.
polyaspartic acid
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
PGA (4 times)
PLL (3 times)
NAG (2 times)
1989 Polyaspartic acid prevents experimental aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity.
10  polyallylamine
(35 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
PEI (7 times)
PSS (5 times)
SA (3 times)
2003 Synthesis and characterization of gels from polyallylamine and carbon dioxide as gellant.
11  poly(amidoamine)
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
AON (2 times)
EPR (2 times)
PEI (2 times)
1992 Grafting reactions and heparin adsorption of poly(amidoamine)-grafted poly(urethane amide)s.
12  poly(allylamine)
(21 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
CD (2 times)
CS (2 times)
GNP (2 times)
2003 Chemically-bound nerve growth factor for neural tissue engineering applications.
13  partial agonist activity
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
MAP (2 times)
BAAs (1 time)
BABs (1 time)
1983 Training response in patients with coronary artery disease receiving beta-adrenergic blocking drugs with or without partial agonist activity.
14  phosphonoacetate
(17 times)
Virology
(10 times)
PFA (5 times)
ara-A (3 times)
ACV (2 times)
1977 Herpes simplex virus DNA polymerase as the site of phosphonoacetate sensitivity: temperature-sensitive mutants.
15  phenylarsonic acid
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
DPAA (6 times)
4-HPAA (3 times)
DMA (3 times)
2000 Stability studies of arsenic, selenium, antimony and tellurium species in water, urine, fish and soil extracts using HPLC/ICP-MS.
16  posterior auricular artery
(15 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
STA (10 times)
MCA (3 times)
EC-IC (2 times)
1997 Anatomy of the postauricular island "revolving door" flap ("flip-flop" flap).
17  pharyngeal arch artery
(14 times)
Anatomy
(5 times)
22q11.2DS (2 times)
22q11DS (2 times)
CHARGE (1 time)
2002 Development of pharyngeal arch arteries in early mouse embryo.
18  particle agglutination assay
(12 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
BSA (1 time)
CML (1 time)
Cn (1 time)
1988 Particle agglutination assays for rapid detection of fibronectin, fibrinogen, and collagen receptors on Staphylococcus aureus.
19  plasma amino acid
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
aa (2 times)
BAA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1961 Relationship between plasma amino acids and composition of the ingested protein. II. A shortened procedure to determine plasma amino acid (PAA) ratios.
20  polyacrylate
(11 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PSS (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
bpy (1 time)
1997 Polyelectrolyte Complex Formation in Lamellar Liquid Crystalline Systems
21  pancreatic acinar atrophy
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
EPI (7 times)
cTLI (2 times)
GSD (2 times)
2000 Cellular and humoral immune responses in atrophic lymphocytic pancreatitis in German shepherd dogs and rough-coated collies.
22  period amplitude analysis
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
EEG (4 times)
PSA (4 times)
BZDs (2 times)
1993 Period-amplitude analysis and power spectral analysis: a comparison based on all-night sleep EEG recordings.
23  phenylacetaldehyde
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
ADO (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2000 Measurement of styrene-7,8-oxide and other oxidation products of styrene in air.
24  phenylacetate
(8 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
HPA (2 times)
PAG (2 times)
PBA (2 times)
1983 Urinary phenyl acetate: a diagnostic test for depression?
25  phenylalkylamine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DHP (3 times)
BTZ (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1996 Extra- and intracellular action of quaternary devapamil on muscle L-type Ca(2+)-channels.
26  platelet-associated autoantibodies
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ITP (4 times)
OD (3 times)
FcgammaR (1 time)
1988 (NZW x BXSB)F1 mouse. A new animal model of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
27  poly(acrylic acid, sodium salt)
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
DMAB (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2003 Buccal delivery of acyclovir from films based on chitosan and polyacrylic acid.
28  Preschool Assessment of Attachment
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
SAA (3 times)
AAI (2 times)
DMM (1 time)
1996 [Early attachment experiences and behavioral problems in young children in a social and cognitive test situation].
29  primary aromatic amines
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
KA (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
PUR (1 time)
1984 Chemical and toxicological aspects of coal liquefaction and other complex mixtures.
30  acid-poly(acrylic acid)
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CWAs (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DMMP (1 time)
2005 Water-soluble sacrificial layers for surface micromachining.
31  poly(allylamine hydrochloride)
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
GO (2 times)
4-ATP (1 time)
EB (1 time)
1994 Cell growth on poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogel membranes containing biguanido groups.
32  phased array antenna
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
AEs (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
MWL (1 time)
2014 Extending the scanning angle of a phased array antenna by using a null-space medium.
33  photon activation analysis
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
cLINAC (1 time)
NAA (1 time)
PGA (1 time)
1986 Photon activation analysis as a new technique for body composition studies.
34  Polyactin A
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
LGL (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
1991 Influences of a novel immunopotentiator polyactin A on interleukin 1 production and responsiveness in mice.
35  prophylactic antibiotic administration
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
SSI (2 times)
TAZ/PIPC (2 times)
CEZ (1 time)
2012 Prevention of infectious complication and its risk factors after urological procedures of the upper urinary tract.
36  3-(N-phenylamino)alanine
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
EMS (2 times)
LT (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
1994 Effect of 3-phenylamino-L-alanine on tryptophan binding to rat hepatic nuclear envelopes.
37  4-phenylazoaniline
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BZ (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1996 Effect of nonionic surfactant on transport of model drugs in emulsions.
38  para-anastomotic aneurysms
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
EVAR (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2003 Open versus endovascular repair of para-anastomotic aneurysms in patients who were morphological candidates for endovascular treatment.
39  peptide amino acids
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
aa (2 times)
EAA (2 times)
FAA (2 times)
2000 Free and peptide amino acid net flux across the rumen and the mesenteric- and portal-drained viscera of sheep.
40  plasma ascorbic acid
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
LAA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1976 Ascorbic acid levels in stored blood and in patients undergoing surgery after blood transfusion.
41  platelet aggregating activity
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
ALS (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
PCMB (1 time)
1976 Procoagulant and platelet aggregating properties of antilymphocyte sera.
42  poly adipic anhydride
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PTMC (2 times)
PS-b-PtBA (1 time)
PtBA (1 time)
2000 Sterilization, storage stability and in vivo biocompatibility of poly(trimethylene carbonate)/poly(adipic anhydride) blends.
43  Population Aggregation Analysis
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ESUs (1 time)
1998 Isozyme variation in Calliandra calothyrsus (Leguminosae): its implications for species delimitation and conservation.
44  Felodipine-poly(acrylic acid)
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DSC (2 times)
IR (1 time)
mid-IR (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of drug-polymer miscibility in amorphous solid dispersion systems.
45  parietal association area
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PSA (2 times)
CM-Pf (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
1981 Morphine-induced cortical excitation and its influence on thalamic somatosensory evoked activity.
46  peak angular acceleration
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HIII (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
ATDs (1 time)
2014 A headform for testing helmet and mouthguard sensors that measure head impact severity in football players.
47  percentage of the adenohypophyseal area
(3 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ir (3 times)
FSH (2 times)
LH (2 times)
2006 Effects of maternal deprivation on the adrenocorticotrophic and gonadotrophic axes in the hypothalamo-pituitary unit of preweanling female sheep: the histomorphometric approach.
48  percutaneous ablation of feeding artery
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HCC (3 times)
RFA (3 times)
CEUS (1 time)
2009 Adjuvant percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of feeding artery of hepatocellular carcinoma before treatment.
49  perianal abscesses
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FIA (2 times)
FS (1 time)
FSE (1 time)
1998 Conservative management of fistula in ano in infants.
50  phenylanthranilic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
BPAA (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1977 [Studies of sulfhemoglobin formation by various drugs (3) (author's transl)].
51  pituitary-adrenal axis
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ACTH (2 times)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
1999 Influence of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor on pituitary-adrenal axis (PAA) in rats in vivo.
52  platelet aggregation assay
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HIT (2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
HIPAA (1 time)
1995 Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis: a potential fatal complication in a routine treatment.
53  poly-L-aspartate
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
2011 Enzymatic synthesis of poly(alpha-ethyl beta-aspartate) by poly(ethylene glycol) modified poly(aspartate) hydrolase-1.
54  polyacrylamide gel
(3 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
ID (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
1973 [Polyacrylamide gel (PAA) as a substratum of bacteriological culture media (author's transl)].
55  poricoic acid A
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CKD (3 times)
AKI (2 times)
IRI (2 times)
2019 Poricoic acid A enhances melatonin inhibition of AKI-to-CKD transition by regulating Gas6/AxlNFkappaB/Nrf2 axis.
56  porous anodic alumina membrane
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
SERS (2 times)
2010 [Using PAA template to fabricate SERS substrate and the SERS detection of melamine].
57  power-assisted adenoidectomy
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
ACA (1 time)
1998 Safety of powered instrumentation for adenoidectomy.
58  proinsulin autoantibodies
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
GADA (1 time)
IA-2A (1 time)
1999 Insulin autoantibodies: more specific than proinsulin autoantibodies for prediction of type 1 diabetes.
59  prosopo-affective agnosia
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
CBS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1979 Prosopo-affective agnosia as a symptom of cerebral organic disease.
60  prostate-associated antigens
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CTL (2 times)
TRAMP (2 times)
1986 The biodistribution of radiolabeled antilymphocyte monoclonal antibody in the rat.
61  pubic arch angle
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
OC (2 times)
AoP (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2013 Pubic arch angle in prolonged second stage of labor: clinical significance.
62  2-phenylaminoadenosine
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CPA (2 times)
2-CA (1 time)
8PT (1 time)
1993 Characterization of the adenosine receptors of the rat superior cervical ganglion.
63  oligosaccharide-polyacrylamide
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1993 The beta-configuration of the rhamnosidic linkage in Salmonella serogroups C2 and C3 lipopolysaccharide is important for the immunochemistry of the O-antigen 8.
64  p-acetoxyacetanilide
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2001 Crystallization of paracetamol from solution in the presence and absence of impurity.
65  p-aminoacetanilide
(2 times)
Fluorescence
(1 time)
DMAB (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2015 Biodegradation of Para Amino Acetanilide by Halomonas sp. TBZ3.
66  p-hy-droxy-phenyl-acetic acid
(2 times)
Crystallography
(2 times)
bipy (2 times)
2010 Bis[mu-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetato]-kappaO,O':O;kappaO:O,O'-bis{aqua(4,4'-bi-pyri-dine-kappaN)bis[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetato-kappaO,O']gadolinium(III)} monohydrate.
67  panicle apical abortion
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2011 Fine mapping of qPAA8, a gene controlling panicle apical development in rice.
68  para-aortic area
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LVI (2 times)
CSI (1 time)
LNs (1 time)
2002 Predictors of lymphatic failure in endometrial cancer.
69  pedal artery angioplasty
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CLI (1 time)
DH (1 time)
WB (1 time)
2016 Clinical Implications of Additional Pedal Artery Angioplasty in Critical Limb Ischemia Patients With Infrapopliteal and Pedal Artery Disease.
70  peracetic acid/hydrogen peroxide
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
B.a (1 time)
BIs (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of peracetic acid fog for the inactivation of Bacillus anthracis spore surrogates in a large decontamination chamber.
71  Performance Achievement Awards
(2 times)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
DoH (1 time)
GWTG-Stroke (1 time)
NECC (1 time)
2013 Comparison of performance achievement award recognition with primary stroke center certification for acute ischemic stroke care.
72  peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
NMBAs (1 time)
2016 PERI-ANESTHESIA ANAPHYLAXIS (PAA): WE STILL HAVE NOT STARTED POST-PAA TESTING FOR INCITING ANESTHESIA-RELATED ALLERGENS.
73  periappendicular abscess
(2 times)
Radiography
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
TOA (1 time)
1997 [Debatable questions of surgical tactics in appendiceal infiltrates and periappendiceal abscess].
74  phenoxyalkanoic acid
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
MCPA (1 time)
MPNs (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2010 Abundance of novel and diverse tfdA-like genes, encoding putative phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicide-degrading dioxygenases, in soil.
75  Phenyl acetic acid
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
3,4-diOHPAA (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
IBA (1 time)
2019 The plant-growth-promoting actinobacteria of the genus Nocardia induces root nodule formation in Casuarina glauca.
76  phosphoamino acid analysis
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
JAKs (1 time)
2000 Role of paxillin in metabolic oxidative stress-induced cytoskeletal reorganization: involvement of SAPK signal transduction pathway and PTP-PEST gene expression.
77  phthalamic acid
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
PA (2 times)
PI (2 times)
GC-MS (1 time)
2011 Gas-chromatography mass-spectrometry determination of phthalic acid in human urine as a biomarker of folpet exposure.
78  phthalic anhydride
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TP-IRAS (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2015 Molecular Orientation and Structural Transformations in Phthalic Anhydride Thin Films on MgO(100)/Ag(100).
79  pig allelic antigen
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
CTA (1 time)
2002 Vascularized thymic lobe transplantation in miniature swine: I. Vascularized thymic lobe allografts support thymopoiesis.
80  pigmentation-associated antigen
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1985 Pigmentation-associated glycoprotein of human melanomas and melanocytes: definition with a mouse monoclonal antibody.
81  pirazolac
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
NSAID (1 time)
1988 Pharmacokinetics of pirazolac, a new anti-inflammatory drug, in human volunteers. III. Steady state plasma levels.
82  placental epigenetic age acceleration
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
GWG (1 time)
2019 Sex differences in the associations of placental epigenetic aging with fetal growth.
83  plasma amino acid concentrations
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AK (1 time)
ECh (1 time)
MEp (1 time)
1989 Energy production, intracellular amino acid pools, and protein synthesis in chronic renal disease.
84  plasma-activated air
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HaCaT (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
2015 Activated air produced by shielded sliding discharge plasma mediates plasmid DNA delivery to mammalian cells.
85  platelet autoantibodies
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
OD (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
1995 High prevalence of platelet autoantibodies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
86  polyacrylamide polymers
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BMDCs (1 time)
C-type (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2003 Potentiometric response mechanism of a poly(acrylamide)-phthalocyaninato tin(II) film coated platinum electrode in acetonitrile and N,N-dimethylacetamide.
87  polyamide amino acids
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2009 Polyamide amino acids: a new class of RNA ligands.
88  polyasparagine
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2008 Comparison of 3T3 fibroblasts growth on alginate and polyasparagine (PAA) scaffolds in mouse model.
89  popliteal aneurysms
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AAA (2 times)
GPX3 (1 time)
PRDX1 (1 time)
2002 Prospective study of 36 patients with 46 popliteal artery aneurysms with non-surgical treatment.
90  potentially avoidable admissions
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
HLC (1 time)
LLC (1 time)
2011 Acute medical admissions for older people from residential care facilities: are they appropriate?
91  predicted antitumor activity
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ADM (2 times)
CQ (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
1990 [Study on chemosensitivity test (in vitro) of cultured human urogenital carcinoma cell lines by MTT assay].
92  predictive anticipatory activity
(2 times)
Holistic Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Predicting the unpredictable: critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity.
93  Primary Adrenal Angiosarcoma
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
HPFs (1 time)
2015 MYC Analysis by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization and Immunohistochemistry in Primary Adrenal Angiosarcoma (PAA): a Series of Four Cases.
94  principal axes analysis
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MST (1 time)
RAPD (1 time)
2002 [Principal axes analyses on population genetic differentiation of Plantago asiatica in Zhejiang].
95  proliferation-associated antigen
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
CIP (2 times)
DAB (2 times)
1998 Upregulation of endoglin (CD105) expression during childhood brain tumor-related angiogenesis. Anti-angiogenic therapy.
96  proportion of African ancestry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2015 African Ancestry Analysis and Admixture Genetic Mapping for Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy in African Americans.
97  prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma
(2 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2014 Bone marrow metastasis of prostatic adenocarcinoma with post-treatment foamy-like changes: A diagnostic pitfall.
98  proximal aortic arch
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CoA (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
DAsc (1 time)
1998 A new noninvasive technique for imaging atherosclerotic plaque in the aortic arch of stroke patients by transcutaneous real-time B-mode ultrasonography: an initial report.
99  pseudolaric acid A
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
PAB (2 times)
deacetylPAA (1 time)
HPCCC (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of the interaction of bioactive compounds in Cortex Pseudolarix and Radix Stephaniae by the microdialysis probe coupled with high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
100  pulmonary alveolar area
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MAN (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
MLI (1 time)
2004 [Protective and therapeutic effect of pulmonary surfactant on the experimental chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in hamsters].