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Abbreviation: PAD
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Long forms: 365

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
peripheral arterial disease
(5241 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2129 times)
ABI (988 times)
CI (441 times)
CAD (345 times)
0 Has been changed numbers and characteristics of patients with major amputations indicated for the diabetic foot in our department during last decade?
peptidylarginine deiminase
(181 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
RA (58 times)
ACPA (12 times)
MBP (12 times)
1992 The rat peptidylarginine deiminase-encoding gene: structural analysis and the 5'-flanking sequence.
primary afferent depolarization
(126 times)
Neurology
(51 times)
DRPs (12 times)
PBSt (9 times)
DRP (8 times)
1970 Presynaptic and post-synaptic inhibition elicited in the cat's dorsal column nuclei by mechanical stimulation of skin.
pulsed amperometric detection
(92 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(53 times)
HPAEC (31 times)
HPLC (8 times)
LC (5 times)
1990 Analysis of delta-L-alpha-aminoadipyl-L-cysteinyl-D-valine by ion chromatography and pulsed amperometric detection.
public access defibrillation
(82 times)
Emergency Medicine
(42 times)
OHCA (25 times)
AED (24 times)
AEDs (24 times)
1996 Automated external defibrillators.
preoperative autologous donation
(68 times)
Hematology
(28 times)
ANH (15 times)
EPO (7 times)
Hb (7 times)
1991 The safety of preoperative autologous blood donation in the nonhospital setting.
physician-assisted death
(65 times)
Health Services
(9 times)
CSD (3 times)
PAS (3 times)
VSED (3 times)
1993 Oncology nurses' attitudes regarding voluntary, physician-assisted dying for competent, terminally ill patients.
peripheral arterial occlusive disease
(62 times)
Vascular Diseases
(35 times)
ABI (12 times)
PTA (5 times)
CAD (3 times)
1996 [Aortitis and development of an aneurysm after PTA of distal aortic stenosis].
photoactivated disinfection
(53 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
TBO (8 times)
LED (5 times)
CFU (4 times)
2004 The photo-activated antibacterial action of toluidine blue O in a collagen matrix and in carious dentine.
10  primary antibody deficiency
(52 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(25 times)
CVID (10 times)
Ig (7 times)
XLA (6 times)
1992 A comparison of specific IgG antibody levels to the cell wall mannan of Candida albicans in normal individuals and in patients with primary antibody deficiency.
11  paper-based analytical device
(50 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(28 times)
LOD (6 times)
POCT (4 times)
BPB (2 times)
2015 A novel paper-based assay for the simultaneous determination of Rh typing and forward and reverse ABO blood groups.
12  periampullary diverticula
(34 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
ERCP (17 times)
CBD (10 times)
EPLBD (4 times)
1998 Periampullary diverticula: consequences of failed ERCP.
13  percutaneous abscess drainage
(31 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
CT (3 times)
CD (2 times)
IASC (1 time)
1985 [Percutaneous drainage of abdominal abscesses. II. Value in comparison with septic surgery].
14  protein arginine deiminase
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
RA (8 times)
NETs (3 times)
ACPA (2 times)
1992 Specificity and mode of action of the muscle-type protein-arginine deiminase.
15  pain, agitation, and delirium
(23 times)
Critical Care
(7 times)
ICU (15 times)
RASS (4 times)
SCCM (3 times)
2013 Delirium monitoring in the ICU: strategies for initiating and sustaining screening efforts.
16  photodiode array detector
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
HPLC (4 times)
LOD (3 times)
LOQ (2 times)
1991 Isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode-array detection method for determination of lysine- and arginine-vasopressins and oxytocin in biological samples.
17  phenolic acid decarboxylase
(15 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
4-VG (2 times)
pCA (2 times)
VPR (2 times)
1994 PAD1 encodes phenylacrylic acid decarboxylase which confers resistance to cinnamic acid in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
18  polymer-assisted deposition
(14 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
ALD (1 time)
AZO (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
2004 Polymer-assisted deposition of metal-oxide films.
19  primary affective disorders
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
SAD (5 times)
AN (2 times)
beta-EP (2 times)
1976 N-methylnicotinamide excretion and affective disorders.
20  pulmonary artery diameter
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
PH (6 times)
CT (4 times)
ILD (3 times)
1990 Usefulness of left and right oblique subcostal view in the echo-Doppler investigation of pulmonary arterial blood flow in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The subxiphoid view in the echo-Doppler evaluation of pulmonary blood flow.
21  peripheral atherosclerotic disease
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AAA (2 times)
ABI (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1985 Effects of ticlopidine on blood fibrinogen and blood viscosity in peripheral atherosclerotic disease.
22  peripheral vascular disease
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CLI (2 times)
CRP (2 times)
eGFR (2 times)
1981 [Rheology, metabolism and oxygen transport in old and young erythrocytes in arterial occlusive disease].
23  photoelectron angular distribution
(12 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ATI (1 time)
EAL (1 time)
ICR (1 time)
2001 Photoelectron imaging on time-dependent molecular alignment created by a femtosecond laser pulse.
24  phosphatase-activating domain
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AD (7 times)
FAT (4 times)
PP1 (2 times)
2011 Pathogenic forms of tau inhibit kinesin-dependent axonal transport through a mechanism involving activation of axonal phosphotransferases.
25  pulmonary artery diastolic pressure
(11 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
MAP (5 times)
CO (4 times)
HR (3 times)
1981 Beneficial hemodynamic response to chronic prazosin therapy in congestive heart failure.
26  pial artery dilation
(10 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
FPI (6 times)
CBF (3 times)
MAPK (3 times)
1999 Role of endothelin-1 in age-dependent cerebrovascular hypotensive responses after brain injury.
27  post-activation depression
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MAS (3 times)
SCI (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
2006 Influence of posture and stimulus parameters on post-activation depression of the soleus H-reflex in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury.
28  periodate-oxidized adenosine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
DMA (1 time)
HPLC-HG-AFS (1 time)
Met (1 time)
1984 The effect of methyltransferase inhibition on the metabolism of [74As]arsenite in mice and rabbits.
29  phase-attenuation duality
(8 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
PPCT (3 times)
CD (2 times)
CNR (2 times)
2012 Phase retrieval for hard X-ray computed tomography of samples with hybrid compositions.
30  pulsatile assist device
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
ACtP (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
1976 Counterpulsation with a new pulsatile assist device (PAD) in open-heart surgery.
31  perianal disease
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
UC (4 times)
CD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1998 Relationship between smoking and colonic involvement in inflammatory bowel disease.
32  placental adhesion disorder
(7 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
MRI (3 times)
APB (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2014 MRI of placental adhesive disorder.
33  Pulmonary artery dissection
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CHD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
CT-DSA (1 time)
2009 Pulmonary artery dissection mimicking mediastinal mass.
34  paper analytical device
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DPAD (1 time)
DTIs (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
2013 Paper-based SlipPAD for high-throughput chemical sensing.
35  physical activity diary
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
PW (2 times)
BCI (1 time)
2003 Nifty after fifty: evaluation of a physical activity directory for older people.
36  product of angle distance
(6 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SOAM (6 times)
ICM (4 times)
RL (4 times)
2013 Computer assisted evaluation of retinal vessels tortuosity in Fabry disease.
37  psychiatric advance directive
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ACT (1 time)
CAT-PAD (1 time)
SCZ (1 time)
2004 Assessing competence to complete psychiatric advance directives with the competence assessment tool for psychiatric advance directives.
38  panic disorder
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
GAD (2 times)
SAD (2 times)
ADIS-C (1 time)
2008 Screening capacity of the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) for DSM-IV anxiety disorders.
39  patent arterial duct
(5 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
Gr (1 time)
1975 [Certain difficulties of diagnosis and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus].
40  percentage of area difference
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
HD (3 times)
IVUS (3 times)
MA (3 times)
2008 ECG denoising and compression using a modified extended Kalman filter structure.
41  photo-assisted deposition
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
EA (1 time)
Img (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
2009 Synthesis of highly dispersed platinum nanoparticles on Ti-containing mesoporous silica using photo-assisted deposition.
42  pial arteriolar diameters
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ICP (3 times)
ABP (2 times)
HMF (2 times)
1995 [Experimental study on hypertensive crises in epileptic seizures--changes in pial artery diameter, intracranial pressure and regional cerebral blood flow].
43  Pleasure-Arousal-Dominance
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
IAPS (1 time)
MSS (1 time)
WSS (1 time)
1998 Correlations of the PAD Emotion Scales with self-reported satisfaction in marriage and work.
44  presentation attack detection
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
SVM (3 times)
CNN (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
2015 Presentation attack detection for face recognition using light field camera.
45  PAD group
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
c.SR (1 time)
c.Str (1 time)
2011 Whole-blood platelet aggregation by Porphyromonas gingivalis in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
46  partial azygos disconnection
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CAD (1 time)
DSCS (1 time)
DSRS (1 time)
1984 Mortality and rebleeding after hypertensive variceal disconnections.
47  pathological-anatomical diagnosis
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Stricter rules for referral to PAD (pathologico-anatomical diagnosis) do not guarantee economic savings].
48  penetrating artery disease
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LAA (2 times)
APA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2010 Predictive factors for progressive motor deficits in penetrating artery infarctions in two different arterial territories.
49  people with a Disability
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
ASE (1 time)
FAC (1 time)
ICF (1 time)
2004 Physical activity for people with a disability: a conceptual model.
50  percutaneous access device
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
KCV (2 times)
IABP (1 time)
LVAD (1 time)
1988 Percutaneous access devices in calves receiving an artificial heart.
51  periodic alternating drift
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
VOR (2 times)
2001 Eye instability induced by vestibular stimulation in rabbits.
52  peripheral arterial disease of lower limbs
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ABI (1 time)
HS (1 time)
1988 Cigarette smoking and the outcome after lower limb arterial surgery.
53  persistently active disease
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
SLE (3 times)
IFNCK (1 time)
SACQ (1 time)
2009 Frequency and determinants of flare and persistently active disease in systemic lupus erythematosus.
54  phase angle difference
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
DLMO (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
1992 Restricted feeding: a nonphotic zeitgeber in the rabbit.
55  phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SMO (1 time)
SOI (1 time)
1997 2-phenylethylamine catabolism by Escherichia coli K-12: gene organization and expression.
56  predicted age difference
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GM (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2015 Prediction of brain age suggests accelerated atrophy after traumatic brain injury.
57  predominantly antibody deficiency
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CVID (3 times)
BTK (1 time)
IVIG (1 time)
2015 IgG anti-IgA antibodies in paediatric antibody-deficient patients receiving intravenous immunoglobulin.
58  presenile Alzheimer-type dementia
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PICD (4 times)
RT (3 times)
CNV (2 times)
1987 Contingent negative variation and reaction time in patients with presenile idiopathic cognitive decline and presenile Alzheimer-type dementia. Preliminary report on long-term nicergoline treatment.
59  paper-based device
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
LOD (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
CK-MB (1 time)
2018 Sensitive paper-based analytical device for fast colorimetric detection of nitrite with smartphone.
60  Peace-Athabasca Delta
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PAHs (1 time)
RAMP/OSM (1 time)
2015 Source Apportionment of Background PAHs in the Peace-Athabasca Delta (Alberta, Canada) Using Molecular Level Radiocarbon Analysis.
61  peptidyl arginine deiminase enzymes
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ACPAs (1 time)
BB-CLA (1 time)
DDIT3 (1 time)
2013 Lessons to be learned from periodontitis.
62  Perception and Attention Deficit
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AH (1 time)
CPT-HQ (1 time)
CVH (1 time)
2005 Why people see things that are not there: a novel Perception and Attention Deficit model for recurrent complex visual hallucinations.
63  periampullary duodenal diverticulum
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ERCP (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2014 Efficacy and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) performed in patients with Periampullary duodenal diverticula (PAD).
64  peripheral occlusive artery disease
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
2017 Biodegradable Carriers for Delivery of VEGF Plasmid DNA for the Treatment of Critical Limb Ischemia.
65  photo-activated decontamination
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Evaluation of dental pulp temperature rise during photo-activated decontamination (PAD) of caries: an in vitro study.
66  photoactivated depot
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
--- 2019 Hydrophobic Tags for Highly Efficient Light-Activated Protein Release.
67  Physical Activity Daily
(3 times)
Clinical Trials as Topic
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
PARS (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2008 Reliability and validity of the PAD questionnaire: a measure to assess pain-related decline in physical activity.
68  Physical Agents Directive
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
BAMRR (1 time)
CE-MRA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2007 British Association of MR Radiographers (BAMRR) safety survey 2005: potential impact of European Union (EU) Physical Agents Directive (PAD) on electromagnetic fields (EMF).
69  pixel array detector
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ASIC (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
PMT (1 time)
2009 A high-speed area detector for novel imaging techniques in a scanning transmission electron microscope.
70  pleasure, arousal, and dominance
(3 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
AdSAM (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2009 Mapping a multidimensional emotion in response to television commercials.
71  polyaldehyde dextran
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
CMCTS (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2010 A one-pot strategy for biomimetic synthesis and self-assembly of gold nanoparticles.
72  polymerase-associated domain
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TLS (2 times)
hPolkappa (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2004 Crystal structure of the catalytic core of human DNA polymerase kappa.
73  posterior arch deficiency
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BCLP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1986 Cervical vertebral anomalies in cleft lip and palate.
74  potential ascospore dose
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
AAC (1 time)
1998 Influence of Light, Relative Humidity, and Maturity of Populations on Discharge of Ascospores of Venturia inaequalis.
75  pre adipocyte
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
im (1 time)
2015 [ADVANCES IN PHARMACOLOGICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ADIPOGENESIS THERAPY].
76  proportion of aggregate destruction
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CT/NT (1 time)
CT/ST (1 time)
GMD (1 time)
2015 [Effects of biochar on water thermal properties and aggregate stability of Lou soil].
77  psychotic affective disorders
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SSPD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1980 [Different effects of tricyclic (clomipramine and amitriptyline) and tetracyclic (maprotiline) antidepressors on the release of thyroid stimulating hormone, prolactin and growth hormone to thyrostimulating releasing hormone in patients with psychoaffective disorders (author's transl)].
78  pulmonary artery diastolic
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
aPAD (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
1996 Measurement of pulmonary artery diastolic pressure from a right ventricular pressure transducer in patients with heart failure.
79  pyrrhotite autotrophic denitrification
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CW (1 time)
PADB (1 time)
PAO (1 time)
2019 Nutrient removal through pyrrhotite autotrophic denitrification: Implications for eutrophication control.
80  PA diameter
(2 times)
Respiration
(1 time)
PA (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CCTA (1 time)
2010 Progressive dilatation of the main pulmonary artery is a characteristic of pulmonary arterial hypertension and is not related to changes in pressure.
81  Pain and Distress
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MIDAS (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2015 Safety and efficacy of peripheral nerve stimulation of the occipital nerves for the management of chronic migraine: long-term results from a randomized, multicenter, double-blinded, controlled study.
82  pain, anxiety, and delirium
(2 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
ICU (2 times)
ACCM (1 time)
AWS (1 time)
2013 Alcohol withdrawal and delirium tremens in the critically ill: a systematic review and commentary.
83  pain-anxiety-depression
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ASM (2 times)
CSM (2 times)
CAMMPS (1 time)
2018 Comprehensive vs. Assisted Management of Mood and Pain Symptoms (CAMMPS) trial: Study design and sample characteristics.
84  Papular acantholytic dyskeratosis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
HHD (1 time)
2016 Papular acantholytic dyskeratosis of the vulva associated with familial Hailey-Hailey disease.
85  patch-based anisotropic diffusion regularisation
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
FDOT (2 times)
NLM (1 time)
2016 Patch-based anisotropic diffusion scheme for fluorescence diffuse optical tomography--part 1: technical principles.
86  patients were treated with bortezomib/adriamycin/dexamethasone
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
FVII (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2013 [Efficacy and safety study of subcutaneous injection of bortezomib in the treatment of de novo patients with multiple myeloma].
87  patients with alcohol dependence
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
fMRI (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
2009 Altered impulse control in alcohol dependence: neural measures of stop signal performance.
88  Pediatric Asthma Diary
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
C-ACT (1 time)
PACD (1 time)
YEP (1 time)
2001 Pediatric asthma assessment: validation of 2 symptom diaries.
89  pediatric atopic dermatitis
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HOME (1 time)
2008 Meta-analysis of clinical trials of probiotics for prevention and treatment of pediatric atopic dermatitis.
90  pentavalent antimonial derivatives
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Treatment of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis by pentamidine isethionate. An open study of 11 patients.
91  percentage of aggregates destruction
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GMD (2 times)
MWD (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2019 [Effects of tillage types on soil aggregate distribution and stability in irrigated sierozem of Gansu Yellow River irrigation area, China].
92  perianal fistula disease
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
1998 Laser ablation of complex perianal fistulas preserves continence and is a rectum-sparing alternative in Crohn's disease patients.
93  phage amplification detection
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
MALDI-MS (1 time)
MALDI-TOF MS (1 time)
TOF (1 time)
2011 Detection of Staphylococcus aureus using 15N-labeled bacteriophage amplification coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
94  phenylalanine deaminase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1978 [Aromatic amino acid metabolism in Enterobacteriaceae microorganisms].
95  photo-activated
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2019 The photo-activated and photo-thermal effect of the 445/970 nm diode laser on the mixed biofilm inside root canals of human teeth in vitro: A pilot study.
96  pial arteriolar dilation
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ADO (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
SNS (1 time)
2010 Interactions between adenosine and K+ channel-related pathways in the coupling of somatosensory activation and pial arteriolar dilation.
97  plasma adrenaline
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PNA (2 times)
AII (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1979 Prostacyclin stimulates the renin angiotensin aldosterone system in man.
98  platelet adhesive dynamics
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
vWF (2 times)
GPIbalpha (1 time)
2008 Platelet adhesive dynamics. Part II: high shear-induced transient aggregation via GPIbalpha-vWF-GPIbalpha bridging.
99  population adjusted dose
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ADD (1 time)
CDPR (1 time)
cPAD (1 time)
2010 Human health risk assessment of endosulfan: II. Dietary exposure assessment.
100  portoazygos devascularization
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
FPP (1 time)
LT (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2005 Clinical analysis of surgical treatment of portal hypertension.