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Abbreviation: PAI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
plasminogen activator inhibitor
(1013 times)
Vascular Diseases
(222 times)
tPA (323 times)
uPA (109 times)
PA (53 times)
1985 Human leucocyte urokinase inhibitor--purification, characterization and comparative studies against different plasminogen activators.
pathogenicity island
(256 times)
Microbiology
(78 times)
LEE (17 times)
IL-8 (12 times)
IL (9 times)
1994 Excision of large DNA regions termed pathogenicity islands from tRNA-specific loci in the chromosome of an Escherichia coli wild-type pathogen.
Personality Assessment Inventory
(215 times)
Psychology
(127 times)
NIM (18 times)
ANT (12 times)
PTSD (12 times)
1987 The Personality Assessment Interview: preliminary report.
photoacoustic imaging
(213 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(46 times)
NIR (25 times)
MRI (24 times)
PTT (22 times)
2006 Photoacoustic imaging of valves in superficial veins.
periapical index
(72 times)
Dentistry
(58 times)
AP (18 times)
MTA (5 times)
RFT (4 times)
1988 Reliability of the periapical index scoring system.
primary adrenal insufficiency
(55 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
CAH (8 times)
BMD (6 times)
FGD (3 times)
1992 Diagnosis and therapy surveillance in Addison's disease: rapid adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) test and measurement of plasma ACTH, renin activity, and aldosterone.
PA inhibitor
(50 times)
Hematology
(8 times)
PA (30 times)
tPA (20 times)
uPA (14 times)
1988 Rat testicular peritubular cells in culture secrete an inhibitor of plasminogen activator activity.
physical activity index
(44 times)
Sports Medicine
(12 times)
BMI (13 times)
CVD (4 times)
PA (4 times)
1987 [Clinical significance of a physical activity index based on calorimetry in the assessment of quality of life after total gastrectomy].
periarticular injection
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
TKA (12 times)
VAS (6 times)
FNB (5 times)
0 Does Local Soft Tissue Infiltration With a Liposomal Bupivacaine Cocktail Have a Synergistic Effect When Combined With Single-Shot Adductor Canal Peripheral Nerve Block in Knee Arthroplasty?
10  percutaneous acetic acid injection
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
HCC (16 times)
PEI (10 times)
CI (5 times)
1994 Small hepatocellular carcinoma: treatment with US-guided intratumoral injection of acetic acid.
11  pulmonary artery index
(18 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
BTS (3 times)
Cp (3 times)
TNPAI (3 times)
1986 Growth of the pulmonary arteries following Blalock-Taussig shunt.
12  platelet aggregation inhibition
(15 times)
Urology
(4 times)
TURP (4 times)
BPH (2 times)
OA (2 times)
1984 Action mechanism of the potent platelet aggregation inhibitor from Trimeresurus gramineus snake venom.
13  plant area index
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LAI (5 times)
RUE (3 times)
PAR (2 times)
1990 Plant area index in Eucalyptus globulus plantations determined indirectly by a light interception method.
14  plasminogen activator
(14 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
tPA (5 times)
uPA (2 times)
AAT (1 time)
1987 Protein S is a cofactor for activated protein C neutralization of an inhibitor of plasminogen activation released from platelets.
15  pubic arch interference
(14 times)
Radiotherapy
(5 times)
TRUS (7 times)
CT (2 times)
US (2 times)
1998 Pubic arch detection in transrectal ultrasound guided prostate cancer therapy.
16  protein accumulation index
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ARDS (2 times)
BAL (2 times)
CPB (1 time)
1978 [Evaluation of the platelet aggregation index (PAI) based on Breddin's studies and in relation to some dyslipidemic disorders].
17  physical activity intensity
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
PAL (2 times)
aBMD (1 time)
2002 Impact of activity behaviors on physical activity identity and self-efficacy.
18  polyamide-imide
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
FESEM (2 times)
APS (1 time)
C20A (1 time)
2009 An investigation into the role of polarity of diamines in controlling the electron migration mechanism of photoluminescent poly(amide-imide)s.
19  Prenatal Attachment Inventory
(11 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
CFA (2 times)
BFI (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
1996 Prenatal and postnatal attachment: a modest correlation.
20  penetrating abdominal injury
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
DC (1 time)
DCS (1 time)
2001 Relationship between trauma center volume and outcomes.
21  percutaneous alcohol injection
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ILP (3 times)
HCC (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1988 Small hepatocellular carcinoma: percutaneous alcohol injection--results in 23 patients.
22  periapical index score
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
BL (1 time)
C-A (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2006 Endodontic status amongst 35-year-old Oslo citizens and changes over a 30-year period.
23  polyantigenic immunomodulator
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
BRM (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
1989 Characterization of the antitumor activity of a polyantigenic immunomodulator (PAI): II--Involvement of NK cells and adoptive immunotherapy.
24  pre-appearance interval
(8 times)
Jurisprudence
(7 times)
PMI (4 times)
DI (1 time)
mDDA (1 time)
2011 Estimating the pre-appearance interval from temperature in Necrodes littoralis L. (Coleoptera: Silphidae).
25  proximalization of the arterial inflow
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
DRIL (4 times)
RUDI (3 times)
DASS (2 times)
2006 Proximalization of the arterial inflow: a new technique to treat access-related ischemia.
26  pulmonary artery involvement
(8 times)
Rheumatology
(6 times)
BS (4 times)
sPAP (2 times)
BAE (1 time)
1994 Pulmonary artery involvement in aortoarteritis: an angiographic study.
27  perforating artery infarct
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
DWI (4 times)
ICA (2 times)
MCA (2 times)
2000 Internal borderzone infarction: a marker for severe stenosis in patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery disease. For the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy (NASCET) Group.
28  penile-anal intercourse
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
MA (1 time)
MG (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2010 Misclassification bias: diversity in conceptualisations about having 'had sex'.
29  Personal Activity Intelligence
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CVD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2017 Personalized Activity Intelligence (PAI) for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Promotion of Physical Activity.
30  percentage area of immunoreactivity
(5 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
RH (3 times)
CLs (2 times)
USL (2 times)
2000 Human first trimester fetal ovaries express oncofetal antigens and steroid receptors.
31  Personalized Advantage Index
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HRSD (2 times)
CT (1 time)
EMDR (1 time)
2014 The Personalized Advantage Index: translating research on prediction into individualized treatment recommendations. A demonstration.
32  polyvinyl alcohol-iodine
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
PI (4 times)
BSS (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2008 Preoperative disinfection of the conjunctival sac with antibiotics and iodine compounds: a prospective randomized multicenter study.
33  popliteal artery injury
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
FIM (2 times)
BKA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Popliteal artery injury during knee replacement: a population-based nationwide study.
34  posterior ankle impingement
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
MR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PAIS (1 time)
2000 Posterior ankle impingement syndrome: MR imaging findings in seven patients.
35  paracentric inversion
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AGS (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
1995 Paracentric inversions in humans: a review of 446 paracentric inversions with presentation of 120 new cases.
36  pathological atherosclerotic index
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CSI (2 times)
GWAS (2 times)
ICAI (2 times)
2005 Aortic pulse wave velocity and the degree of atherosclerosis in the elderly: a pathological study based on 304 autopsy cases.
37  Patient Assessment Instrument
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
ADLs (1 time)
GDS (1 time)
VA (1 time)
1994 Clinical indicators derived from the patient assessment instrument in the long-stay residents of 69 VA nursing homes.
38  Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CTA (2 times)
EAACI (2 times)
BIMB (1 time)
2012 Allergic airway diseases in childhood - marching from epidemiology to novel concepts of prevention.
39  peripheral arterial insufficiency
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PE (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
1982 Serum lipoproteins and apolipoproteins A I and A II in male patients with peripheral arterial insufficiency.
40  peritoneal adhesion index
(4 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
HIMS (1 time)
2013 Peritoneal adhesion index (PAI): proposal of a score for the "ignored iceberg" of medicine and surgery.
41  phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ASA1 (1 time)
GUS (1 time)
1995 Arabidopsis phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase: molecular genetic analysis of triplicate tryptophan pathway genes.
42  posture assessment instrument
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
WRMD (1 time)
2002 Validity and reliability of a dental operator posture assessment instrument (PAI).
43  primary AI
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
AI (4 times)
CAH (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2010 Epidemiology of adrenal crisis in chronic adrenal insufficiency: the need for new prevention strategies.
44  Propionibacterium acnes
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CLA (2 times)
coPAI (1 time)
DCW (1 time)
2005 Production of (10E,12Z)-conjugated linoleic acid in yeast and tobacco seeds.
45  protected anal intercourse
(4 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
UAI (4 times)
MSM (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2005 Contexts for last occasions of unprotected anal intercourse among HIV-negative gay men in Sydney: the health in men cohort.
46  t-PA inhibitor activity
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
VO (4 times)
tPA (2 times)
DVT (1 time)
1989 Familial hypofibrinolysis and venous thrombosis.
47  partial advanced intercross
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
QTL (1 time)
2005 Gene expression profiling of arthritis using a QTL chip reveals a complex gene regulation of the Cia5 region in mice.
48  pathogenicity-associated island
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
UPEC (1 time)
UTI89 (1 time)
2001 Identification of DNA sequences from a second pathogenicity island of uropathogenic Escherichia coli CFT073: probes specific for uropathogenic populations.
49  patient activation intervention
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
PAM (2 times)
DA (1 time)
DSE (1 time)
2011 Asking questions: the effect of a brief intervention in community health centers on patient activation.
50  periarticular anesthetic infiltration
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ACB (1 time)
CI (1 time)
MCID (1 time)
2013 Periarticular injection in knee arthroplasty improves quadriceps function.
51  periarticular infiltration
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
HCl (1 time)
LB (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2016 Postoperative Pain After Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: Comparison of Local Injection Analgesic Cocktails and the Role of Demographic and Surgical Factors.
52  peripheral arterial interventions
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DE (1 time)
IAI (1 time)
2009 Peripheral arterial interventions: trends in market share and outcomes by specialty, 1998-2005.
53  polymorphic Alu insertion
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
ML (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2002 Phylogenetics of worldwide human populations as determined by polymorphic Alu insertions.
54  Portland Adaptability Inventory
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
BI (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
1991 Goal attainment scaling and outcome measurement in postacute brain injury rehabilitation.
55  privileged access interviewers
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
--- 1997 The Swiss Hidden Population Study: practical and methodological aspects of data collection by privileged access interviewers.
56  protein A immunoabsorption
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
BMT-TM (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
FC (1 time)
1996 Pilot study of combined cryosupernatant and protein A immunoadsorption exchange in the treatment of grade 3-4 bone marrow transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy.
57  Pseudomonas autoinducer
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1993 Expression of Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence genes requires cell-to-cell communication.
58  p-aminohippuric acid
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
--- 1960 [Effect of acetate on the maximum capacity for the tubular excretion of p-aminohippuric acid (PAI) in normal persons].
59  PA intervention
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
MVPA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2014 What helps children to move more at school recess and lunchtime? Mid-intervention results from Transform-Us! cluster-randomised controlled trial.
60  paired associate inference
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
HBMs (1 time)
REMERGE (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2012 What representations and computations underpin the contribution of the hippocampus to generalization and inference?
61  Panic Appraisal Inventory
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
IES-R (1 time)
PI-R (1 time)
1997 The Panic Appraisal Inventory: psychometric properties.
62  parasympathetic activity index
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SAI (2 times)
HF (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2018 Measures of sympathetic and parasympathetic autonomic outflow from heartbeat dynamics.
63  partial androgen insensitivity
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DHT-R (1 time)
GSF (1 time)
1982 Sodium thiocyanate: a probe for the conformations of the androgen-receptor complex.
64  passive activity index
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Who are the important predators of sea turtle nests at Wreck Rock beach?
65  peak angular impulse
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
PT (2 times)
LCL (1 time)
1990 Relationships between peak torque, peak angular impulse, and average power in the thigh muscles of subjects with knee damage.
66  per AI
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
21dRES (1 time)
AI (1 time)
AIC (1 time)
2011 The use of plastic cover sheaths at the time of artificial insemination improved fertility of lactating dairy cows.
67  per artificial insemination
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DIM (2 times)
CON (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2015 Effect of intrauterine dextrose on reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows diagnosed with purulent vaginal discharge under certified organic management.
68  Personal Appraisal Inventory
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2001 Personal appraisal of the experience of a depressive disorder.
69  phagocytic activity index
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
DFI (1 time)
dpe (1 time)
HG (1 time)
1989 Phagocytic activity of hemocytes of M-line Biomphalaria glabrata snails: effect of exposure to the trematode Echinostoma paraensei.
70  phenotype-associated information
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
GEI (2 times)
GMDR (1 time)
KWII (1 time)
2008 AMBIENCE: a novel approach and efficient algorithm for identifying informative genetic and environmental associations with complex phenotypes.
71  physical activity
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
PA (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
SB (1 time)
1997 Physical activity in childhood and adolescence as predictor of physical activity in young adulthood.
72  plasma angiotensin I concentration
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
--- 1984 The influence of ACE-inhibition by captopril on renal formation and metabolism of angiotensins I and II in patients with renovascular hypertension.
73  plasma atherogenic index
(2 times)
BMD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
2017 Plasma Atherogenic Index is an Independent Indicator of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
74  Political Astuteness Inventory
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2012 Political astuteness of baccalaureate nursing students following an active learning experience in health policy.
75  poly(5-(N,N-diethylamino isoprene))
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PS (2 times)
DMF (1 time)
PDMS (1 time)
2009 Aggregation behavior of a new series of ABA triblock copolymers bearing short outer A blocks in B-selective solvent: from free chains to bridged micelles.
76  polyunsaturated fatty acid isomerase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CLA (1 time)
2009 On the mechanism of a polyunsaturated fatty acid double bond isomerase from Propionibacterium acnes.
77  porphyria acuta intermittens
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
PCT (1 time)
1984 Aetiological aspects on primary liver cancer with special regard to alcohol, organic solvents and acute intermittent porphyria--an epidemiological investigation.
78  porus acousticus internus
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
BCNC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2009 Neurophysiological mechanisms of conduction impairment of the auditory nerve during cerebellopontine angle surgery.
79  pre-enrolment AI
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
EDR (1 time)
RAI (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of methods of resynchronization for insemination in cows of unknown pregnancy status.
80  preferential allelic imbalance
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
SMART-ddPCR (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
cSCCs (1 time)
2014 Allele-specific imbalance mapping identifies HDAC9 as a candidate gene for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.
81  proliferative activity index
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
DIA (1 time)
Pap smears (1 time)
2000 Proliferation in "atypical" atrophic pap smears.
82  Propionibacterium acnes isomerase
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CLA (2 times)
ATMT (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2015 Production of conjugated linoleic acid by heterologous expression of linoleic acid isomerase in oleaginous fungus Mortierella alpina.
83  protein abundance index
(2 times)
Cells
(1 time)
emPAI (2 times)
CNDP (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2005 Exponentially modified protein abundance index (emPAI) for estimation of absolute protein amount in proteomics by the number of sequenced peptides per protein.
84  psychotic affective illness
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NPAI (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
ONAP (1 time)
1996 The risk for psychiatric illness in siblings of schizophrenics: the impact of psychotic and non-psychotic affective illness and alcoholism in parents.
85  pulmonary artery infusion
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
i.v (1 time)
ILP (1 time)
1998 [An experimental study of local chemotherapy for metastatic lung tumor--isolated lung perfusion and pulmonary artery infusion].
86  Attraction Poles
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
hESC (1 time)
ICM (1 time)
2014 Treatment of human embryos with the TGFbeta inhibitor SB431542 increases epiblast proliferation and permits successful human embryonic stem cell derivation.
87  P aeruginosa injection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 Novel Management of Intractable Cervical Chylous Fistula with Local Application of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Injection.
88  P. aeruginosa autoinducer
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1994 Structure of the autoinducer required for expression of Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence genes.
89  PA activity
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
BAEs (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1986 The dexamethasone-induced inhibitor of plasminogen activator in hepatoma cells is antigenically-related to an inhibitor produced by bovine aortic endothelial cells.
90  PA activity after inactivation of acid labile inhibitors
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1992 Effects of interleukin-1 (IL-1) on postsurgical macrophage secretion of protease and protease inhibitor activities.
91  PA imaging
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2017 Photoacoustic Drug Delivery.
92  PA index
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2011 Pulmonary artery size and late functional outcome after Fontan operation.
93  PA isomer 2'-amino-5'-hydroxyacetophenone
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
PFR (1 time)
UPLC-PDA (1 time)
2013 Mechanistic pathways of the photolysis of paracetamol in aqueous solution: an example of photo-Fries rearrangement.
94  PA-specific inhibitor
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
1989 Effect of dengue virus on procoagulant and fibrinolytic activities of monocytes.
95  Pacemaker associated infection
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1985 Pacemaker associated infection due to a corynebacterium species.
96  pain assessment
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ADA (1 time)
AT (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2016 Ultrasound assessment of enthesis thickening in psoriatic arthritis patients treated with adalimumab compared to methotrexate.
97  Pain Assessment Index
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
Hs (1 time)
Hy (1 time)
1986 Utility of the MMPI Pain Assessment Index in predicting outcome after lumbar surgery.
98  pairwise asymmetric inference
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2014 Convergent cross-mapping and pairwise asymmetric inference.
99  Pancreas after islet
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IPTR (1 time)
SPK (1 time)
UNOS (1 time)
2016 Pancreas After Islet Transplantation: A First Report of the International Pancreas Transplant Registry.
100  pancreatic atrophic index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
GTI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2017 Functional and morphological evolution of remnant pancreas after resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.