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Abbreviation: PAR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
protease-activated receptor
(659 times)
Hematology
(88 times)
TF (46 times)
IL (33 times)
APC (25 times)
1996 Ligand cross-reactivity within the protease-activated receptor family.
photosynthetically active radiation
(526 times)
Environmental Health
(145 times)
UVR (37 times)
VPD (29 times)
LAI (23 times)
1979 Time course of photosynthetic response to changes in incident light energy.
population attributable risk
(408 times)
Public Health
(58 times)
CI (49 times)
OR (43 times)
RR (38 times)
1982 [Lung cancer and cigarette smoking in women. (Results of a case control study)].
poly(ADP-ribose)
(389 times)
Biochemistry
(96 times)
PARG (71 times)
PARP (65 times)
PARP-1 (59 times)
1990 Poly(ADP-ribose)-synthesis and excision repair in light sensitive skin disorders.
participatory action research
(264 times)
Nursing
(64 times)
MS (4 times)
CBPR (3 times)
CNAs (3 times)
1991 Participatory action research with self-help groups: an alternative paradigm for inquiry and action.
Peer Assessment Rating
(190 times)
Dentistry
(160 times)
ICON (17 times)
IOTN (17 times)
AC (8 times)
1993 Consultant opinion on orthodontic treatment plans used by dental practitioners: a pilot study.
perennial allergic rhinitis
(175 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(80 times)
SAR (39 times)
AR (20 times)
TNSS (9 times)
1991 Clinical evaluation of triamcinolone acetonide nasal aerosol in children with perennial allergic rhinitis.
4-(2-pyridylazo)resorcinol
(119 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(70 times)
RSD (6 times)
CE (3 times)
EDXRF (3 times)
1966 Some new heterocyclic compounds as analytical reagents.
pseudoautosomal region
(109 times)
Genetics
(41 times)
STS (11 times)
FISH (6 times)
PAB (4 times)
1990 Localization of the human GM-CSF receptor gene to the X-Y pseudoautosomal region.
10  paracetamol
(92 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(27 times)
CAF (12 times)
MET (8 times)
Dex (7 times)
1983 The influence of paracetamol on the anti-inflammatory, the anti-pyretic and the analgesic activity of indomethacin.
11  platelet aggregation rate
(51 times)
Complementary Therapies
(12 times)
PCI (6 times)
AA (3 times)
ACS (3 times)
1980 Sequential changes in factor VIII and platelets preceding deep vein thrombosis in patients with spinal cord injury.
12  physical activity recall
(50 times)
Sports Medicine
(16 times)
PA (9 times)
BMR (6 times)
EE (6 times)
1988 Predictive control by physical activity rate of a total artificial heart during exercise.
13  paravalvular aortic regurgitation
(40 times)
Cardiology
(33 times)
TAVI (19 times)
TAVR (11 times)
THV (9 times)
2010 Correlation of Device landing zone calcification and acute procedural success in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantations with the self-expanding CoreValve prosthesis.
14  persistent allergic rhinitis
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
AR (5 times)
TNSS (5 times)
ECP (4 times)
2002 Up-regulation of IL-18 in allergic rhinitis.
15  passive avoidance response
(35 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(12 times)
TTX (6 times)
MSA (4 times)
EC (3 times)
1974 The effect of phase-shift on the passive avoidance response in rats and the modifying action of chlordiazepoxide.
16  pulmonary arteriolar resistance
(34 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(13 times)
CI (8 times)
PAP (6 times)
LV (4 times)
1978 Pulmonary hemodynamics and right ventricular function in hypertension.
17  partitioning-defective
(31 times)
Cell Biology
(10 times)
aPKC (5 times)
AJ (2 times)
Co-IP (2 times)
2000 The cell-polarity protein Par6 links Par3 and atypical protein kinase C to Cdc42.
18  perennial AR
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(21 times)
AR (29 times)
SAR (12 times)
BDP (6 times)
2001 Doppler echocardiographic evaluation of pulmonary arterial pressure in children with allergic rhinitis.
19  poly-ADP-ribosylation
(26 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DMN (3 times)
PARP (3 times)
PARP-1 (2 times)
2000 Proteasome inhibition results in increased poly-ADP-ribosylation: implications for neuron death.
20  paroxetine
(22 times)
Psychopharmacology
(6 times)
5-HIAA (2 times)
AD (2 times)
CBZ (2 times)
1988 [Characteristics of 3H-paroxetine-labeled serotonin uptake sites in rat brain].
21  progressive atrophic rhinitis
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
PMT (5 times)
PCR (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1994 Field evaluation of thirteen regimens for the control of progressive atrophic rhinitis.
22  parenchyma
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
MFP (9 times)
BW (2 times)
DEG (2 times)
2001 A local increase in the mammary IGF-1: IGFBP-3 ratio mediates the mammogenic effects of estrogen and growth hormone.
23  passive anterior rhinomanometry
(16 times)
Otolaryngology
(10 times)
AAR (2 times)
APR (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
1977 [The results of comparative examinations in patients with grass pollen allergies (author's transl)].
24  phenylacetaldehyde reductase
(16 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
2-PE (3 times)
AADC (3 times)
l-Phe (3 times)
1999 Cloning, sequence analysis, and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene encoding phenylacetaldehyde reductase from styrene-assimilating Corynebacterium sp. strain ST-10.
25  poly(ADP-ribose) polymer
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AIF (4 times)
PARP (4 times)
PARP-1 (4 times)
2004 The effect of PARP inhibitor on ischaemic cell death, its related inflammation and survival signals.
26  polymers of ADP-ribose
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
PARPs (5 times)
PARP-1 (3 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
2006 Poly(ADP-ribose): novel functions for an old molecule.
27  predictive adaptive response
(12 times)
Biology
(5 times)
DP (1 time)
LH (1 time)
REE (1 time)
2007 Life history trade-offs in human growth: adaptation or pathology?
28  passive avoidance reaction
(11 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(6 times)
TTX (4 times)
PBN (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
1976 [Effect of destruction of individual nuclei of the amygdaloid complex on elaboration of avoidance reaction in rats].
29  population attributable risk percentage
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HPV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
IRRs (2 times)
1985 [Population attributable risk percent (PAR) of obesity in essential hypertension].
30  pain relief
(10 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
PID (5 times)
PI (4 times)
SPID (4 times)
1991 Analgesic efficacy of acetaminophen 1000 mg, acetaminophen 2000 mg, and the combination of acetaminophen 1000 mg and codeine phosphate 60 mg versus placebo in acute postoperative pain.
31  plain abdominal radiography
(10 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ED (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1985 Utility of the plain abdominal radiograph for diagnosing ureteral calculi.
32  pulse amplitude ratio
(10 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LVEDP (3 times)
CHF (2 times)
VM (2 times)
1999 Is blood pressure response to the Valsalva maneuver related to neurohormones, exercise capacity, and clinical findings in heart failure?
33  Peer Assessment Rating Index
(9 times)
Orthodontics
(4 times)
DHC (3 times)
IOTN (3 times)
AC (1 time)
1996 Assessment of General Dental Services orthodontic standards: the Dental Practice Board's gradings compared to PAR and IOTN.
34  personal attenuation rating
(9 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
HPDs (6 times)
F-MIRE (3 times)
ANSI (1 time)
2011 Development and validation of a field microphone-in-real-ear approach for measuring hearing protector attenuation.
35  plasma active renin
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BP (3 times)
PIR (3 times)
AFV (2 times)
1987 [Increase in plasma levels of active and inactive renin after inhibition of renin activity by SR 42128 in conscious Macaca monkeys].
36  population at risk
(9 times)
Military Medicine
(3 times)
CGOs (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
CW (1 time)
2010 The international limits and population at risk of Plasmodium vivax transmission in 2009.
37  post-anesthetic recovery
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
BCCH (1 time)
BiPAP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1984 Anaesthetic ad post-anaesthetic recovery nursing. The role and training of the post-anaesthetic recovery (PAR) nurse.
38  parental
(8 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(3 times)
MDR (5 times)
CsA (3 times)
P-gp (3 times)
1993 Atypical multi-drug resistance (MDR): low sensitivity of a P-glycoprotein-expressing human T lymphoblastoid MDR cell line to classical P-glycoprotein-directed resistance-modulating agents.
39  parthenolide
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GAG (2 times)
IL (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
1996 Parthenolide inhibits the contractile responses of rat stomach fundus to fenfluramine and dextroamphetamine but not serotonin.
40  poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose)
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
PARP-1 (2 times)
PD (2 times)
5-AIQ (1 time)
2005 Poly(Adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase inhibition preserves erectile function in rats after cavernous nerve injury.
41  paravalvular regurgitation
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MDCT (3 times)
TAVI (2 times)
TAVR (2 times)
2013 Hemodynamic assessment of paravalvular aortic regurgitation after TAVI: estimated myocardial supply-demand ratio and cardiovascular mortality.
42  parietal
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
TE (2 times)
WMNs (2 times)
1991 Comparative analysis of the effects of iontophoretically applied dopamine in different regions of the rat brain, with special reference to the cingulate cortex.
43  parietal cortex
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
PFC (3 times)
CPu (2 times)
ARC (1 time)
1996 [Ischemic neuronal damage in early recovery. A morphological study on evolution of damage in hyperglycemia and normoglycemia].
44  paromomycin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AG (3 times)
TCS (2 times)
VL (2 times)
1986 Inherent resistance of HeLa cell derivatives to paromomycin.
45  passive avoidance reflex
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
NGF (2 times)
PBCA (2 times)
5-OTP (1 time)
1976 [Effect of an excess of serotonin in the brain on consolidation of temporary connections].
46  perennial
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AR (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CIU (1 time)
1988 Eastern pine sensitivity in New England.
47  post-anesthesia recovery room
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
AMG (1 time)
GA (1 time)
NMBD (1 time)
1991 Epidural fentanyl does not influence intravenous PCA requirements in the post-caesarean patient.
48  prostate androgen regulated
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
siRNA (3 times)
PCa (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2000 PAR, a novel androgen regulated gene, ubiquitously expressed in normal and malignant cells.
49  proton assisted recoupling
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MAS (3 times)
PAIN-CP (1 time)
RESORT (1 time)
2008 Proton assisted recoupling and protein structure determination.
50  pseudo-allergic reactions
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ASA (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
ECL (1 time)
1983 Pseudo-allergic reactions to drugs and chemicals.
51  peak area ratios
(6 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CBD (1 time)
CID (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1990 Comparison of derivatives for determination of codeine and morphine by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
52  plasma appearance rate
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PCR (2 times)
5'-DI (1 time)
FT3 (1 time)
1985 Optimized kinetics of reverse-triiodothyronine distribution and metabolism in the rat: dominance of large, slowly exchanging tissue pools for iodothyronines.
53  posthumous assisted reproduction
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
IVF (1 time)
1996 Posthumous assisted reproduction. Posthumous assisted reproduction (PAR): cancer patients, potential cases, counselling and consent.
54  proline- and acidic amino acid-rich
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
bZIP (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
HLF (2 times)
1994 Chromosomal localization and cDNA cloning of the human DBP and TEF genes.
55  pain at rest
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MEP (4 times)
AEs (1 time)
DDEA (1 time)
2011 Systematic review of movement-evoked pain versus pain at rest in postsurgical clinical trials and meta-analyses: a fundamental distinction requiring standardized measurement.
56  parathion
(5 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
CPF (3 times)
OPT (3 times)
MAL (2 times)
1976 Pathways of microbial metabolism of parathion.
57  Patient Acuity Rating
(5 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
RRT (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Patient acuity rating: quantifying clinical judgment regarding inpatient stability.
58  Percent area reduction
(5 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(3 times)
DFU (2 times)
DFUs (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2010 A post-hoc analysis of reduction in diabetic foot ulcer size at 4 weeks as a predictor of healing by 12 weeks.
59  Physical Activity Recall questionnaire
(5 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
HAP (2 times)
PASE (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
2001 Validation of questionnaires to estimate physical activity and functioning in end-stage renal disease.
60  platelet aggregation response
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ADP (2 times)
CPZ (2 times)
PGE1 (2 times)
1980 Serotonin receptor site in human platelets from control and chlorpromazine treated subjects.
61  platelet to albumin ratio
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
2017 Preoperative Platelet-to-Albumin Ratio Predicts Prognosis of Patients with Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma After Pancreatic Resection.
62  postauricular reflex
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
RSVP (1 time)
2009 Measuring appetitive responding with the postauricular reflex.
63  product of antigenic recognition
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
CTL (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
RS (1 time)
1969 Quaitative studies on antigenic recognition. I. Immunological and nonimmunological parameters of the response.
64  pulmonary artery remodeling
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
PAH (3 times)
PDGF (2 times)
ARNI (1 time)
2008 Transforming growth factor-beta signaling mediates hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial remodeling and inhibition of alveolar development in newborn mouse lung.
65  parallel
(4 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
PER (2 times)
AK (1 time)
LII (1 time)
2004 A case study of high-throughput biological data processing on parallel platforms.
66  Paranoid Ideation
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SCL-90-R (4 times)
DEP (3 times)
SOM (3 times)
2013 The effects of tinnitus and/or hearing loss on the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised test.
67  Paraquat
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DMN (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
MCA (2 times)
1981 Activity of pyruvate kinase and lactic acid dehydrogenase in mouse lung after transplacental exposure to carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic chemicals.
68  partitioning-defective protein
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BVES (1 time)
dpc (1 time)
dpp (1 time)
2009 PAR6, a potential marker for the germ cells selected to form primordial follicles in mouse ovary.
69  peer academic reputation
(4 times)
Personality Development
(3 times)
TSRQ (1 time)
2008 A reputation for success (or failure): the association of peer academic reputations with academic self-concept, effort, and performance across the upper elementary grades.
70  perimeter-area ratio
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BMI (3 times)
WHR (2 times)
CJWR (1 time)
1999 Visual cues to female physical attractiveness.
71  peripheral arterial resistance
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
BFLL (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1983 Once a day indapamide therapy in hypertension. Effects on the heart and peripheral arterial circulation.
72  pharyngeal acid reflux
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PL (2 times)
AET (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
1999 Pharyngeal acid reflux in patients with single and multiple otolaryngologic disorders.
73  Physician Achievement Review
(4 times)
Education
(3 times)
AAI (1 time)
ABIM (1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
1999 Assessment of physician performance in Alberta: the physician achievement review.
74  polyarginine
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HA (2 times)
ALG (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2010 Mechanism of protein release from polyelectrolyte multilayer microcapsules.
75  positive anaesthetic response
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ACJ (2 times)
GHJ (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2011 A prospective study of shoulder pain in primary care: prevalence of imaged pathology and response to guided diagnostic blocks.
76  posterior ascending ramus
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PT (2 times)
HG (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1990 Sulcus topography of the parietal opercular region: an anatomic and MR study.
77  postural adjustment ratio
(4 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(3 times)
EGG (2 times)
VC (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
2015 Serum catecholamines and dysautonomia in diabetic gastroparesis and liver cirrhosis.
78  potassium ascorbate with ribose
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (3 times)
BWS (2 times)
AOPP (1 time)
2011 Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: potassium ascorbate with ribose therapy in a syndrome with high neoplastic risk.
79  potentially avoidable readmission
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2019 Assessment of Avoidable Readmissions in a Visceral Surgery Department with an Algorithm: Methodology, Analysis and Measures for Improvement.
80  projection artifact removal
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OCTA (4 times)
DCP (3 times)
SCP (3 times)
2017 Quantitative Analysis of Three Distinct Retinal Capillary Plexuses in Healthy Eyes Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.
81  proline- and acid-rich
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DBP (3 times)
bZIP (2 times)
HLF (2 times)
1996 Transcriptional regulator of programmed cell death encoded by Caenorhabditis elegans gene ces-2.
82  pulmonary artery rings
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NA (2 times)
8-MOP (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1991 [Change in pulmonary artery and aorta reactions of isobaric hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in guinea-pig and milrinone's effect].
83  pulmonary artery rupture
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
FB (1 time)
PAC (1 time)
PRB (1 time)
1994 Decreasing the risk of pulmonary artery rupture with a pressure relief balloon.
84  paediatric admission record
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CIN (2 times)
OR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2006 Implementation of a structured paediatric admission record for district hospitals in Kenya--results of a pilot study.
85  paraflagellar rod proteins
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
i.p (2 times)
s.c (2 times)
1995 Pure paraflagellar rod protein protects mice against Trypanosoma cruzi infection.
86  peak-to-average ratio
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ALCs (1 time)
BFO (1 time)
BPSO (1 time)
2003 A printer model using signal processing techniques.
87  polyarylate
(3 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
CNFs (1 time)
OLED (1 time)
PEPA (1 time)
2011 Polyester polymer alloy as a high-performance membrane.
88  polymerase
(3 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AIF (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2002 The tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin AG 126 reduces the multiple organ failure induced by zymosan in the rat.
89  post-anesthesia room
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
GA (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2002 Effects of intravenous ketorolac and fentanyl combined with midazolam on analgesia and side effects during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
90  post-procedural aortic regurgitation
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AML (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
HDFR (1 time)
2013 MSCT guided sizing of the Edwards Sapien XT TAVI device: impact of different degrees of oversizing on clinical outcome.
91  postauricular response
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
MLAER (1 time)
1988 Auditory postauricular responses in patients with peripheral facial nerve palsy.
92  practice adaptive reserve
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BPs (1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2013 Capability for change at community health centers serving Asian Pacific Islanders: an exploratory study of a cancer screening evidence-based intervention.
93  Practice Assessment Record
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
CMEP (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
1996 Development of a comprehensive nursing/toxicity assessment form.
94  pressure autoregulatory response
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
CVR (3 times)
BFV (2 times)
TCD (2 times)
2002 Is transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) good enough in determining CO2 reactivity and pressure autoregulation in head-injured patients?
95  primary atrophic rhinitis
(3 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2006 Interesting observations on Primary Atrophic Rhinitis.
96  protease-activated thrombin receptor
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
TF (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
1999 Activation of the protease-activated thrombin receptor (PAR)-1 induces motoneuron degeneration in the developing avian embryo.
97  pulmonary arteriolar
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
TPR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1978 Hemodynamic effects of dopamine in patients with resistant congestive heart failure.
98  PA receptor
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
GC (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
1997 Glucocorticoids induce Kaposi's sarcoma cell proliferation through the regulation of transforming growth factor-beta.
99  Paeoniae Alba Radix
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
MRM (1 time)
RSDs (1 time)
2012 Detection of sulfur-fumigated Paeoniae Alba Radix in complex preparations by high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
100  PAR-3
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GA-8 (2 times)
YHR-10 (2 times)
YR-10 (2 times)
2019 In vitro and in silico studies of novel synthetic ACE-inhibitory peptides derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein hydrolysate.