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Abbreviation: PAs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
physician assistants
(496 times)
Medicine
(127 times)
NPs (205 times)
EDs (14 times)
CI (13 times)
1977 Physicians, physicians' assistants, and the social characteristics of patients in southern Appalachia.
pyrrolizidine alkaloids
(340 times)
Toxicology
(86 times)
DHP (15 times)
HSOS (12 times)
MCT (10 times)
1980 The effect of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (Senecio vulgaris) on the liver mixed-funcion oxidase system.
polyamines
(278 times)
Botany
(103 times)
Spd (98 times)
Put (84 times)
Spm (77 times)
1985 [Activity of uremic toxins and polyamines on organ culture of 7-day-old chick embryo].
plasminogen activators
(241 times)
Biochemistry
(28 times)
tPA (103 times)
uPA (87 times)
PAI-1 (48 times)
1982 Macrophage fibrinolytic activity: identification of two pathways of plasmin formation by intact cells and of a plasminogen activator inhibitor.
pulmonary arteries
(210 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(58 times)
PASMCs (37 times)
PAH (32 times)
PH (30 times)
1983 Balloon dilation angioplasty of hypoplastic and stenotic pulmonary arteries.
proanthocyanidins
(206 times)
Botany
(65 times)
ANR (25 times)
LAR (20 times)
mDP (7 times)
2001 Transport of proanthocyanidin dimer, trimer, and polymer across monolayers of human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells.
protected areas
(152 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
PADDD (4 times)
ESs (3 times)
IUCN (3 times)
2008 Size-dependent resistance of protected areas to land-use change.
pituitary adenomas
(119 times)
Endocrinology
(31 times)
GH (6 times)
NFPA (6 times)
NFPAs (5 times)
2000 Non-random trisomies of chromosomes 5, 8 and 12 in the prolactinoma sub-type of pituitary adenomas: conventional cytogenetics and interphase FISH study.
peptide amphiphiles
(82 times)
Chemistry
(26 times)
ECM (6 times)
HUVECs (3 times)
NO (3 times)
2005 Coassembly of amphiphiles with opposite peptide polarities into nanofibers.
10  pilocytic astrocytomas
(75 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
PMAs (11 times)
GGs (6 times)
NF1 (6 times)
2002 Comparative gene expression profile analysis of neurofibromatosis 1-associated and sporadic pilocytic astrocytomas.
11  proton affinities
(40 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
DFT (5 times)
BDEs (3 times)
APPI (2 times)
1995 Gas-phase nitronium ion affinities.
12  panic attacks
(39 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
PD (19 times)
PTSD (4 times)
SAD (4 times)
1997 Rapid onset: a valid panic disorder criterion?
13  pleomorphic adenomas
(38 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
ACCs (6 times)
WTs (5 times)
PLGAs (3 times)
1996 Pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid-cystic carcinoma of salivary glands: immunohistochemical assessment of proliferative activity in comparison with flow-cytometric study.
14  phenolic acids
(34 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BB (2 times)
FA (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1993 High performance liquid chromatographic determination of phenolic acids in fruits and vegetables.
15  phosphatidic acids
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
PCs (14 times)
PGs (10 times)
PEs (9 times)
1990 Calcium-induced lipid phase separations and interactions of phosphatidylcholine/anionic phospholipid vesicles. Fluorescence studies using carbazole-labeled and brominated phospholipids.
16  pseudoaneurysms
(24 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
AVF (3 times)
CT (2 times)
VA (2 times)
1988 Pseudoaneurysms complicating organ transplantation: roles of CT, duplex sonography, and angiography.
17  parenchymal arterioles
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
BCAS (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
MCAs (3 times)
2011 Endothelial SK(Ca) and IK(Ca) channels regulate brain parenchymal arteriolar diameter and cortical cerebral blood flow.
18  polyamides
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
beta (2 times)
Py (2 times)
CE (1 time)
2002 Water contact angles and hysteresis of polyamide surfaces.
19  physical activities
(19 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
BMI (3 times)
METs (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Metabolic equivalent (MET) intensities of culturally-specific physical activities performed by New Zealanders.
20  physician associates
(18 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
NHS (2 times)
AMU (1 time)
ANPs (1 time)
2014 Satisfaction of doctors with the role of physician associates.
21  parathyroid adenomas
(14 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
PTH (3 times)
circRNAs (2 times)
2002 Chromosomal imbalances identified by comparative genomic hybridization in sporadic parathyroid adenomas.
22  preadipocytes
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
APCs (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
ATMs (1 time)
2001 Estrogen receptors in human preadipocytes.
23  prior authorizations
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CAPs (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2006 The economic burden associated with prior authorizations in an allergist office.
24  progesterone antagonists
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
PRMs (7 times)
PR (2 times)
ER (1 time)
2000 Endocrine pharmacological characterization of progesterone antagonists and progesterone receptor modulators with respect to PR-agonistic and antagonistic activity.
25  pharyngeal arches
(7 times)
Biology
(2 times)
BMP (1 time)
BMP2 (1 time)
cEbf1-3 (1 time)
2013 Spatio-temporal expression patterns of anterior Hox genes during Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) embryonic development.
26  pathologists' assistants
(6 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
DTVs (1 time)
FP (1 time)
IGCWs (1 time)
1999 The usefulness of pathologists' assistants.
27  phosphonic acids
(6 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
XPS (3 times)
OLEDs (2 times)
OPVs (2 times)
2012 The modification of indium tin oxide with phosphonic acids: mechanism of binding, tuning of surface properties, and potential for use in organic electronic applications.
28  polyphenolic acetates
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CRTAase (5 times)
NOS (4 times)
DAMC (3 times)
2009 Specificities of calreticulin transacetylase to acetoxy derivatives of 3-alkyl-4-methylcoumarins: effect on the activation of nitric oxide synthase.
29  power amplifiers
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ABER (1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
AMBs (1 time)
2006 A novel matching network employing surface acoustic wave devices for W-CDMA power amplifiers.
30  programmed activities
(6 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CCT (1 time)
CESR (1 time)
CRIS (1 time)
2011 Value of trainees in a radiology department. A retrospective semi-quantitative analysis.
31  prostatic arteries
(6 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CT (3 times)
DSA (3 times)
BPH (2 times)
2012 Prostatic arterial supply: anatomic and imaging findings relevant for selective arterial embolization.
32  paroxysmal arousals
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NPD (3 times)
NFLE (2 times)
ENWs (1 time)
1992 Nocturnal paroxysmal dystonia and nocturnal wandering.
33  peasant associations
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
CBPP (1 time)
cELISA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2003 Human helminthiasis in Wondo Genet, southern Ethiopia, with emphasis on geohelminthiasis.
34  phenolamides
(5 times)
Botany
(4 times)
JA (1 time)
JA-Ile (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2016 Systematic analysis of rice (Oryza sativa) metabolic responses to herbivory.
35  polarizing agents
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DNP (2 times)
CE (1 time)
DNP-SENS (1 time)
2017 Bis-Gadolinium Complexes for Solid Effect and Cross Effect Dynamic Nuclear Polarization.
36  prostate adenocarcinomas
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
L-W (3 times)
MNU (2 times)
TP (2 times)
1986 Production of autochthonous prostate cancer in Lobund-Wistar rats by treatments with N-nitroso-N-methylurea and testosterone.
37  pancreatic adenocarcinomas
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CCRT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CT-RT (1 time)
2007 Usefulness of hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha in evaluating the prostatic adenocarcinoma viability following neoadjuvant hormone therapy.
38  perforating arteries
(4 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CLPO (1 time)
CPO (1 time)
MCAs (1 time)
1990 Amine-induced responses of pial and penetrating cerebral arteries: evidence for heterogeneous responses.
39  periapical radiographs
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CBCT (2 times)
CUCLP (1 time)
DIB (1 time)
2014 Cone-beam computed tomographic scans in comparison with periapical radiographs for root canal length measurement: an in situ study.
40  polyacetylenes
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FAD2 (1 time)
2009 Biomass and content of ginsenosides and polyacetylenes in American ginseng roots can be increased without affecting the profile of bioactive compounds.
41  polypoid adenomas
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DAs (1 time)
EPs (1 time)
FAs (1 time)
1994 Colorectal counterpart of gastric depressed adenoma. A comparison with flat and polypoid adenomas with special reference to the development of pericryptal fibroblasts.
42  probabilistic atlases
(4 times)
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
GACs (1 time)
MALF (1 time)
2008 Construction of hierarchical multi-organ statistical atlases and their application to multi-organ segmentation from CT images.
43  procyanidins
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ADME (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2004 Procyanidins from grape seeds protect against phorbol ester-induced oxidative cellular and genotoxic damage.
44  prophylactic antibiotics
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ABT (1 time)
GI (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2008 The Surgical Care Improvement project (SCIP) initiative to reduce infection in elective colorectal surgery: which performance measures affect outcome?
45  prostaglandin analogues
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CMMR (1 time)
H2RAs (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
2007 Prescription of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and co-prescribed drugs for mucosal protection: analysis of the present status based on questionnaires obtained from orthopedists in Japan.
46  pulmonary arterioles
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AMB (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2008 Fetal tracheal occlusion for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia in humans: a morphometric study of lung parenchyma and muscularization of pulmonary arterioles.
47  pulmonary artery systolic pressure
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
ELWI (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
1991 Effect of severe pulmonary hypertension on the calculation of mitral valve area in patients with mitral stenosis.
48  paired associates
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
DA (1 time)
HPC (1 time)
1977 Processing of interactive and noninteractive pictures in PA learning by retarded persons.
49  parvalbumins
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NATs (1 time)
Nt-acetylated (1 time)
2009 Metal-controlled interdomain cooperativity in parvalbumins.
50  patient advocates
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
2012 Community adherence support improves programme retention in children on antiretroviral treatment: a multicentre cohort study in South Africa.
51  personal assistants
(3 times)
Community Health Services
(3 times)
IPBs (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
PHBs (1 time)
2000 Bridging the gap: using direct payments to purchase integrated care.
52  pial arteries
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
BAs (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
FFC (1 time)
1990 Actions of platelet-activating factor on isolated feline and human cerebral arteries.
53  popliteal aneurysms
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ET (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1997 [Magnetic resonance tomography and magnetic resonance angiography in diagnosis of complicated popliteal artery aneurysm].
54  practice assistants
(3 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
GPs (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2005 Combined training of GPs and practice-assistants on peripheral arterial disease: positive effects after six months.
55  proprioceptive afferents
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CST (1 time)
CX (1 time)
DRN (1 time)
2011 Co-development of proprioceptive afferents and the corticospinal tract within the cervical spinal cord.
56  pulmonary adenocarcinomas
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
2003 Utility of immunohistochemistry in separating thymic neoplasms from germ cell tumors and metastatic lung cancer involving the anterior mediastinum.
57  purine analogs
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HCL (3 times)
CHRs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Combination therapies to improve the long-term outcome in hairy cell leukemia.
58  papillomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
CISH (1 time)
DYS (1 time)
1994 Characterization of the tumor-promoting activity of thapsigargin in cf-1 mouse skin.
59  paraphilias
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NPSA (1 time)
NPSAs (1 time)
1992 A comparative study of nonparaphilic sexual addictions and paraphilias in men.
60  pastoral associations
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PE (1 time)
RBPT (1 time)
2013 Seroprevalence of Brucellosis and Q-Fever in Southeast Ethiopian Pastoral Livestock.
61  pediatric aneurysms
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
GOS (1 time)
2012 Efficacy of clip-wrapping in treatment of complex pediatric aneurysms.
62  penetrating arterioles
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
bMCAs (1 time)
EDHF (1 time)
LMAs (1 time)
1999 Functional heterogeneity of endothelial P2 purinoceptors in the cerebrovascular tree of the rat.
63  peptide aptamers
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HPV-16 (1 time)
2006 Peptide aptamer-mediated inhibition of target proteins by sequestration into aggresomes.
64  periodic arrays
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
GMM (2 times)
2013 Scattering of electromagnetic waves by periodic particle arrays.
65  permeability-surface area products
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
cBSA (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
BNB (1 time)
1991 Regional blood-brain barrier transport of cationized bovine serum albumin in awake rats.
66  pesticide applicators
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HRI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2018 Health and safety of pesticide applicators in a high income agricultural setting: a knowledge, attitude, practice, and toxicity study from North-Eastern Italy.
67  pharmacy assistants
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
cUOD (1 time)
NPSA (1 time)
ORS (1 time)
2015 Reducing unacceptable missed doses: pharmacy assistant-supported medicine administration.
68  phase angles
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
MF-BIA (1 time)
2010 Pressure-rate product and phase angle as measures of acute inspiratory upper airway obstruction in rhesus monkeys.
69  phosphoramidites
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FAB-MS (1 time)
LSIMS (1 time)
TEOA (1 time)
2013 [Mass spectrometric determination of polyfunctionalized nucleoside phosphoramidites using LSI/FAB].
70  polyacenes
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DPAs (2 times)
MICs (1 time)
2011 Size dependences of the diradical character and the second hyperpolarizabilities in dicyclopenta-fused acenes: relationships with their aromaticity/antiaromaticity.
71  polyamine amides
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2000 Effects of the crude venom of the social wasp Agelaia vicina on gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate uptake in synaptosomes from rat cerebral cortex.
72  polyanions
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
JSP (1 time)
PABPs (1 time)
1997 Lymphocytes bursting induced by heparin, dextran sulfate and other polyanions.
73  polyclonal antisera
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EBs (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
MOMP (1 time)
1990 Antibody response to epitopes of chlamydial major outer membrane proteins on infectious elementary bodies and of the reduced polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis-separated form.
74  polygonal arrays
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
SAB (1 time)
SABs (1 time)
SFs (1 time)
1988 Actin filament patterns in mouse lens epithelium: a study of the effects of aging, injury, and genetics.
75  polymer acceptors
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
all-PSCs (2 times)
BT (1 time)
BTTz (1 time)
2019 Recent Advances, Design Guidelines, and Prospects of All-Polymer Solar Cells.
76  pontine arteries
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
LZRs (1 time)
2009 Differential structural and functional changes in penile and coronary arteries from obese Zucker rats.
77  postural adjustments
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ANTI (1 time)
APA (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2008 Posture, dynamic stability, and voluntary movement.
78  PR antagonists
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
PR (2 times)
SPRMs (2 times)
PRMs (1 time)
2005 Progesterone receptor antagonists and the endometrial antiproliferative effect.
79  program administrators
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CBI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Residency and Fellowship Program Administrator Burnout: Measuring Its Magnitude.
80  protein aggregates
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2014 In vivo disassembly and reassembly of protein aggregates in Escherichia coli.
81  pulmonary arterial pressure
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EJ (1 time)
1991 [Hemodynamic assessment after heart transplantation].
82  pulmonary autografts
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
AV (1 time)
DAVAs (1 time)
2014 Long-term results of the Ross operation: an 18-year single institutional experience.
83  puncta adhaerentia junctions
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PSDs (1 time)
S-SCAM (1 time)
SJs (1 time)
2003 Nectin-dependent localization of ZO-1 at puncta adhaerentia junctions between the mossy fiber terminals and the dendrites of the pyramidal cells in the CA3 area of adult mouse hippocampus.
84  purine analogues
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MPT (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2016 Long-term Outcomes in Steroid-refractory Ulcerative Colitis Treated with Tacrolimus Alone or in Combination with Purine Analogues.
85  2-phenylpropionic acids
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 Stereoselective internal acyl migration of 1beta-O-acyl glucuronides of enantiomeric 2-phenylpropionic acids.
86  Ab-programming agents
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
chem-Ab (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2013 Synthesis and evaluation of the aldolase antibody-derived chemical-antibodies targeting alpha5beta1 integrin.
87  alkyl-phosphonic acids
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FF (1 time)
OPVs (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
2012 Electrical property heterogeneity at transparent conductive oxide/organic semiconductor interfaces: mapping contact ohmicity using conducting-tip atomic force microscopy.
88  amines-polyamines
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2018 Polyamines: Bio-Molecules with Diverse Functions in Plant and Human Health and Disease.
89  C17-polyacetylenes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Bioactive C₁₇-Polyacetylenes in Carrots (Daucus carota L.): Current Knowledge and Future Perspectives.
90  distal-pulmonary arteries
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
OLA1 (1 time)
PPHN (1 time)
XIAP (1 time)
2019 Decreased OLA1 (Obg-Like ATPase-1) Expression Drives Ubiquitin-Proteasome Pathways to Downregulate Mitochondrial SOD2 (Superoxide Dismutase) in Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn.
91  paired associations
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
vmPFC (1 time)
2020 Interplay of the long axis of the hippocampus and ventromedial prefrontal cortex in schema-related memory retrieval.
92  pancreatic arteries
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AIPDA (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
2017 A 2-Stage Surgical and Endovascular Treatment of Rare Multiple Aneurysms of Pancreatic Arteries.
93  pancreatic ascites
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PCD (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2019 Percutaneous Drainage Versus Peritoneal Lavage for Pancreatic Ascites in Severe Acute Pancreatitis: A Prospective Randomized Trial.
94  pancreatic autoantibodies
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
2020 Impact of Pancreatic Autoantibodies in Pancreas Graft Survival After Pancreas-Kidney Transplantation.
95  pancreatitis attacks
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
LPL (1 time)
LPLD (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2018 Gene Therapy in Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency: Case Report on the First Patient Treated with Alipogene Tiparvovec Under Daily Practice Conditions.
96  paper studied the polyamines
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAO (1 time)
2004 [Changes of polyamines level in Glycine soja and Glycine max seedlings under NaCl stress].
97  parabens
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
MISPE (1 time)
2018 A simple and highly selective molecular imprinting polymer-based methodology for propylparaben monitoring in personal care products and industrial waste waters.
98  parafunctional activities
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CMDs (1 time)
ET (1 time)
JME (1 time)
2014 The effects of exercise therapy for the improvement of jaw movement and psychological intervention to reduce parafunctional activities on chronic pain in the craniocervical region.
99  Paralympic athletes
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
OAs (1 time)
2013 Physician-prescribed medication use by the Finnish Paralympic and Olympic athletes.
100  Paraneoplastic antibodies
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
VGCC (1 time)
2013 Presence of paraneoplastic antibodies in non-carcinomatous patients with neurological involvements of unknown cause.