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Abbreviation: PCD
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Long forms: 355

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
programmed cell death
(2288 times)
Botany
(487 times)
ROS (214 times)
NO (65 times)
HR (60 times)
1987 Retinoids and epidermal growth factor alter embryonic mouse palatal epithelial and mesenchymal cell differentiation in organ culture.
primary ciliary dyskinesia
(623 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(211 times)
CF (65 times)
nNO (35 times)
TEM (29 times)
1983 Nasal cilia in normal man, primary ciliary dyskinesia and other respiratory diseases: analysis of motility and ultrastructure.
paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration
(189 times)
Neurology
(100 times)
LEMS (11 times)
PNS (8 times)
SCLC (8 times)
1985 Autoimmune response of patients with paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration to a Purkinje cell cytoplasmic protein antigen.
percutaneous catheter drainage
(106 times)
General Surgery
(32 times)
SAP (10 times)
CT (8 times)
IPN (8 times)
1984 Percutaneous catheter versus open surgical drainage in the treatment of abdominal abscesses.
plasma cell dyscrasia
(48 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
MM (14 times)
MGUS (7 times)
BM (4 times)
1982 Reappraisal of relative frequency of monoclonal immunoglobulins.
premature centromere division
(39 times)
Genetics, Medical
(20 times)
AD (7 times)
FISH (7 times)
MN (2 times)
1975 A mechanism of x chromosome aneuploidy in lymphocytes of aging women.
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens
(38 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
DVT (8 times)
AVF (2 times)
CDT (2 times)
1988 Phlegmasia cerulea dolens: therapeutic considerations.
percutaneous drainage
(37 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
EPN (9 times)
IPA (3 times)
LAMS (3 times)
1979 [Indications and technic of subphrenic percutaneous drainage].
photon-counting detector
(37 times)
Radiology
(15 times)
CT (20 times)
EID (15 times)
CNR (6 times)
2015 A Quantification Method for Breast Tissue Thickness and Iodine Concentration Using Photon-Counting Detector.
10  passive cavitation detection
(36 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(11 times)
HIFU (16 times)
BBB (7 times)
FUS (7 times)
2000 A dual passive cavitation detector for localized detection of lithotripsy-induced cavitation in vitro.
11  primary carnitine deficiency
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
MADD (3 times)
MS/MS (3 times)
FAO (2 times)
2002 A founder mutation (R254X) of SLC22A5 (OCTN2) in Chinese primary carnitine deficiency patients.
12  pterin-4a-carbinolamine dehydratase
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
DHPR (5 times)
GTPCH (3 times)
HNF1 (3 times)
1995 Three-dimensional structure of the bifunctional protein PCD/DCoH, a cytoplasmic enzyme interacting with transcription factor HNF1.
13  photocatalytic degradation
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
XRD (6 times)
HR-SEM (5 times)
PL (5 times)
2001 Enhanced photocatalytic activity of nafion-coated TiO2.
14  passive case detection
(23 times)
Tropical Medicine
(14 times)
ACD (9 times)
CHC (2 times)
SES (2 times)
1989 Gametocytocidal effect of primaquine in a chemotherapeutic malaria control trial in North Sumatra, Indonesia.
15  papillary collecting duct
(22 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
PGE2 (4 times)
AdC (3 times)
cAMP (3 times)
1981 ADH-sensitive cAMP system in papillary collecting duct: effect of osmolality and PGE2.
16  plasma cell disorder
(20 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
FLC (3 times)
MM (3 times)
AL (2 times)
2004 Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in 16 patients with POEMS syndrome, and a review of the literature.
17  perianal Crohn's disease
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
CD (3 times)
IBD (3 times)
CI (1 time)
2000 [Perianal complications of Crohn disease].
18  postconcussional disorder
(16 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
mTBI (5 times)
PTSD (4 times)
TBI (4 times)
1996 Postconcussional disorder and loss of consciousness.
19  post-column derivatization
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
LC (7 times)
RSDr (7 times)
AAA (1 time)
1994 HPLC analysis of oligosaccharides in urine from oligosaccharidosis patients.
20  perfused capillary density
(14 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
OCTA (4 times)
POAG (3 times)
MAP (2 times)
1994 Red blood cell aggregation and microcirculation in rat cremaster muscle.
21  postchallenge day
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
ASC (4 times)
PID (4 times)
ELISPOT (3 times)
1987 Comparison of therapeutic versus subtherapeutic levels of chlortetracycline in the diet for selection of resistant salmonella in experimentally challenged chickens.
22  Protein contact dermatitis
(11 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
CU (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
CUS (1 time)
1999 Protein contact dermatitis in food workers. Case report of a meat sorter and summary of seven other cases.
23  polycrystalline diamond
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2000 Assessing acute platelet adhesion on opaque metallic and polymeric biomaterials with fiber optic microscopy.
24  physiological cell death
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
FAS (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1994 Identification of immunosuppressant-induced apoptosis in a murine B-cell line and its prevention by bcl-x but not bcl-2.
25  plasmonic circular dichroism
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
GNRs (2 times)
AuNRs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2015 Plasmonic circular dichroism in side-by-side oligomers of gold nanorods: the influence of chiral molecule location and interparticle distance.
26  pneumatic compression device
(9 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
VTE (3 times)
LMWH (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2007 A randomized trial to evaluate compliance in terms of patient comfort and satisfaction of two pneumatic compression devices.
27  post-contractile depression
(9 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
LFF (2 times)
FF (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1986 Force and membrane potential during and after fatiguing, intermittent tetanic stimulation of single Xenopus muscle fibres.
28  pulsed corona discharge
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
BQD (1 time)
BTCW (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
2011 Polarity effect of pulsed corona discharge for the oxidation of gaseous elemental mercury.
29  Pollution Control Department
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
EPA (3 times)
C-R (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
2002 Roadside particulate air pollution in Bangkok.
30  post culture day
(7 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
PSH (2 times)
BC (1 time)
CK19 (1 time)
2005 [Bio-inductive effects of inorganic elements on skin wound healing].
31  protein C deficiency
(7 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
DVT (2 times)
PC (2 times)
CADASIL (1 time)
1998 Hereditary protein C deficiency with recurrent thrombosis: identification of a missense mutation (C6218T).
32  protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PCA (2 times)
cox (1 time)
GOC (1 time)
1976 Protocatechuate 3, 4-dioxygenase from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus.
33  pacer-cardioverter-defibrillator
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ARVD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1992 [Surgical versus nonsurgical therapy of fatal tachyarrhythmias].
34  periapical cemental dysplasia
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
FOD (2 times)
FCD (1 time)
1987 Periapical cemental dysplasia and periodontal disease. A case report with review of the literature.
35  planned cesarean delivery
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
PVD (3 times)
TOL (2 times)
CD (1 time)
2007 The outcome and cumulative morbidity associated with the second and third postcesarean delivery.
36  peak cell density
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
vDNA (3 times)
ICD (2 times)
beta-Gal (1 time)
2002 Optimisation of protein expression and establishment of the Wave Bioreactor for Baculovirus/insect cell culture.
37  pigmented contact dermatitis
(5 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
AAT (1 time)
ACD (1 time)
1981 Effects of combination treatment with vitamins E and C on chloasma and pigmented contact dermatitis. A double blind controlled clinical trial.
38  potential coeliac disease
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
GCD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2004 Intraepithelial lymphocytes in the villous tip: do they indicate potential coeliac disease?
39  particle charge detection
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
2000 Sulfobutylated poly(vinyl alcohol)-graft-poly(lactide-co-glycolide)s facilitate the preparation of small negatively charged biodegradable nanospheres.
40  partition-controlled delivery
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
PDMS (3 times)
BSD (2 times)
7-MB (1 time)
2003 Partiton-controlled delivery of toxicants: a novel in vivo approach for embryo toxicity testing.
41  perianal CD
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CD (4 times)
AUROC (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
2010 Endoscopic ultrasound to guide the combined medical and surgical management of pediatric perianal Crohn's disease.
42  peripapillary capillary density
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
NAION (3 times)
OCTA (3 times)
GCC (1 time)
2018 Pattern of peripapillary capillary density loss in ischemic optic neuropathy compared to that in primary open-angle glaucoma.
43  photochemical decontamination
(4 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
8-MOP (3 times)
PC (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1992 Photochemical inactivation of viruses and bacteriophage in plasma and plasma fractions.
44  plant cell death
(4 times)
Botany
(4 times)
MDAR (1 time)
PTI (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2015 Functional Analysis of Plant Defense Suppression and Activation by the Xanthomonas Core Type III Effector XopX.
45  plasmacytic differentiation
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
MALT (2 times)
CSR (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2007 Pathology and clinical course of MALT lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation.
46  polarized contact dermoscopy
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
NPD (4 times)
PNCD (3 times)
BCCs (1 time)
2006 Conventional and polarized dermoscopy features of dermatofibroma.
47  poly(beta-cyclodextrin)
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Ad (1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
DMAEMA (1 time)
2016 Versatile Supramolecular Gene Vector Based on Host-Guest Interaction.
48  positron coincidence detection
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
2001 A basic study on lesion detectability for hot spot imaging of positron emitters with dedicated PET and positron coincidence gamma camera.
49  postcoital day
(4 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
AGD (1 time)
bp (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1976 Blood flow to the uterine tube (oviduct) of the early pregnant and pseudopregnant rabbit.
50  prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
DS (1 time)
MSS (1 time)
1985 Utilization of prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis in women of advanced maternal age in Australia, 1979-1982.
51  primary care doctor
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
BIM (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
TPB (1 time)
2000 Choosing a doctor: an exploratory study of factors influencing patients' choice of a primary care doctor.
52  beta-cyclodextrin-based polymer
(3 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
CHT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2015 Bioinspired Titanium Drug Eluting Platforms Based on a Poly-beta-cyclodextrin-Chitosan Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly Targeting Infections.
53  pars costalis diaphragmatis
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
CLA (1 time)
DGAT (1 time)
1999 Relationship of fatty acid composition to intramuscular fat content in beef from crossbred Wagyu cattle.
54  percutaneous cement discoplasty
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ODI (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2015 [Experiences with PMMA cement as a stand-alone intervertebral spacer. Percutaneous cement discoplasty in the case of vacuum phenomenon within lumbar intervertebral discs].
55  percutaneous cervical discectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PCN (1 time)
1994 Percutaneous cervical discectomy for treating cervical disc herniation--a report of 12 cases.
56  percutaneous closure device
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
TAVI (3 times)
CBOT (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2011 Clinical outcomes using a new crossover balloon occlusion technique for percutaneous closure after transfemoral aortic valve implantation.
57  photocatalytic disinfection
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2016 Nano-TiO2-based photocatalytic disinfection of environmental surfaces contaminated by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
58  photon-counting imaging detector
(3 times)
ACC (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of a new photon-counting imaging detector (PCD) with various acquisition modes.
59  phthaloyl-CoA decarboxylase
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
prFMN (1 time)
SPT (1 time)
2017 Phthaloyl-coenzyme A decarboxylase from Thauera chlorobenzoica: the prenylated flavin-, K+ - and Fe2+ -dependent key enzyme of anaerobic phthalate degradation.
60  pigtail catheter drainage
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
LDLT (1 time)
LT (1 time)
PNA (1 time)
1998 Percutaneous pigtail catheter drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts.
61  plasma cell-type Castleman's disease
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
IgG4-RD (2 times)
HHV-8 (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2009 Three patients with both Hodgkin's lymphoma and Castleman's disease: Clinicopathologic correlations and lack of association with HHV-8.
62  pollution control department of Thailand
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BHS (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
2013 Temporal and spatial distribution of particulate carcinogens and mutagens in Bangkok, Thailand.
63  post conception day
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CDH (1 time)
CI (1 time)
PID (1 time)
1981 Ultrastructure of the choroid plexus and its development in the mouse.
64  postcruciate dimple
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BV (1 time)
COM (1 time)
DR (1 time)
1983 Central projection of nuchal group I muscle afferent fibers of the cat.
65  postoperative cognitive decline
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HCR (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2013 Dysfunction of inflammation-resolving pathways is associated with exaggerated postoperative cognitive decline in a rat model of the metabolic syndrome.
66  pressure-controlled discography
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
alMRI (2 times)
CLBP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2004 Subgroups of positive discs on discography.
67  primary chronic dacryocystitis
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
EES-DCR (2 times)
BUT (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2011 Effects of Merogel coverage on wound healing and ostial patency in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy for primary chronic dacryocystitis.
68  primary current density
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
LORETA (2 times)
BMA (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
2004 Bayesian model averaging in EEG/MEG imaging.
69  professionals complementary to dentistry
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
2005 Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults.
70  Proximal Cagemate Drinking
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2014 Effects of Cagemate Gender and the Cagemate's access to ethanol on ethanol and water intake of the proximal male or the proximal female CD-1 mouse.
71  proximal cauda epididymidis
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MCP (3 times)
PCP (3 times)
ST (3 times)
1990 Direct evaluation of acidification by rat testis and epididymis: role of carbonic anhydrase.
72  pudendal canal decompression
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CRP (1 time)
EAS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1995 Pudendal artery syndrome with erectile dysfunction: treatment by pudendal canal decompression.
73  pulmonary clearance delay
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
FRC (2 times)
AMDN (1 time)
Cdyn (1 time)
1989 Lung function in the supine and lateral decubitus positions in anaesthetized infants and children.
74  pyelocaliceal dilation
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
UTI (2 times)
APPD (1 time)
CAKUT (1 time)
1996 [Newborn infants diagnosed prenatally with uropathies].
75  pyruvate carboxylase deficiency
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GDF (1 time)
GSD-I (1 time)
GSD-III (1 time)
1988 Glycogen storage disease type I and III and pyruvate carboxylase deficiency: results of long-term treatment with uncooked cornstarch.
76  paper-based colorimetric device
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PtNPs (1 time)
TMB (1 time)
2016 A Simple Paper-Based Colorimetric Device for Rapid Mercury(II) Assay.
77  partial current density
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
Sn (1 time)
2018 Electrocatalytic Stability of Tin Cathode for Electroreduction of CO₂ to Formate in Aqueous Solution.
78  partial cystectomy with drainage
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Comparison between omentoplasty and partial cystectomy and drainage (PCD) techenques in surgical management of hydatid cysts liver in endemic area (Yemen).
79  Pearson's coefficient of dissymmetry
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2007 Assessment of erythrocyte shape by flow cytometry techniques.
80  pericardial catheter drainage
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
OHCA (1 time)
ROSC (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2001 Pericardial catheter sclerosis versus surgical procedures for pericardial effusions in cancer patients.
81  pericervical dentin
(2 times)
Dentistry, Operative
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CEJ (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2017 Comparative evaluation of effect of rotary and reciprocating single-file systems on pericervical dentin: A cone-beam computed tomography study.
82  periodic breathing cycle duration
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1989 Periodic breathing cycle duration in preterm infants.
83  peripheral cone dystrophy
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
CORD (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2018 Novel compound heterozygous mutation in the POC1B gene underlie peripheral cone dystrophy in a Chinese family.
84  peripheral corneal desiccation
(2 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
--- 1996 Effect of patient and lens performance characteristics on peripheral corneal desiccation.
85  persistent cognitive decline
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
GEE (1 time)
2017 Gait Speed and Processing Speed as Clinical Markers for Geriatric Health Outcomes.
86  phonological coding dyslexia
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
RAN (1 time)
2000 Absence of significant linkage between phonological coding dyslexia and chromosome 6p23-21.3, as determined by use of quantitative-trait methods: confirmation of qualitative analyses.
87  phospholipid-cholesterol domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
2009 Physical properties of the lipid bilayer membrane made of cortical and nuclear bovine lens lipids: EPR spin-labeling studies.
88  photoallergic contact dermatitis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
CY (1 time)
TCSA (1 time)
1983 The role of suppressor cells in the induction of murine photoallergic contact dermatitis and in its suppression by prior UVB irradiation.
89  photochemical derivatization
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC-FLD (2 times)
IAC (2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
2013 Development of a sensitive and reliable high performance liquid chromatography method with fluorescence detection for high-throughput analysis of multi-class mycotoxins in Coix seed.
90  photocurrent density
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CuO (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
SLG (1 time)
2016 Scalable Binder-Free Supersonic Cold Spraying of Nanotextured Cupric Oxide (CuO) Films as Efficient Photocathodes.
91  pink crab disease
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
BCD (1 time)
2002 Infection by a Hematodinium-like parasitic dinoflagellate causes Pink Crab Disease (PCD) in the edible crab Cancer pagurus.
92  piscidin
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2015 The use of the antimicrobial peptide piscidin (PCD)-1 as a novel anti-nociceptive agent.
93  polycystic disease
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
DF (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2003 POEMS syndrome caused refractory ascites in a polycystic disease patient undergoing hemodialysis.
94  pomalidomide-cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MM (2 times)
ASCT (1 time)
PFS (1 time)
2018 Pomalidomide, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone for relapsed multiple myeloma.
95  poorly controlled diabetes
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ND (2 times)
ApoA1 (1 time)
BCD (1 time)
2010 Hydrolytic enzyme production is associated with Candida albicans biofilm formation from patients with type 1 diabetes.
96  portion-controlled diet
(2 times)
Nutrition Disorders
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DSME (1 time)
UDC (1 time)
2013 A randomized comparison of a commercially available portion-controlled weight-loss intervention with a diabetes self-management education program.
97  positron coincidence detection gamma camera
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
SD (2 times)
FDG (1 time)
2002 Oncological diagnosis using positron coincidence gamma camera with fluorodeoxyglucose in comparison with dedicated PET.
98  post-cholecystectomy diarrhea
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BAM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1992 Post-cholecystectomy diarrhea: evidence of bile acid malabsorption assessed by SeHCAT test.
99  postchallenge-exposure days
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FIPV (2 times)
FIP (1 time)
LT (1 time)
1981 Pathogenesis of feline infetious peritonitis: pathologic changes and immunofluorescence.
100  postcoital dysphoria
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2015 Postcoital Dysphoria: Prevalence and Psychological Correlates.