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Abbreviation: PCD
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Long forms: 406

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
programmed cell death
(2547 times)
Botany
(538 times)
ROS (253 times)
NO (73 times)
HR (65 times)
1987 Retinoids and epidermal growth factor alter embryonic mouse palatal epithelial and mesenchymal cell differentiation in organ culture.
primary ciliary dyskinesia
(794 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(233 times)
CF (82 times)
TEM (42 times)
nNO (41 times)
1983 Nasal cilia in normal man, primary ciliary dyskinesia and other respiratory diseases: analysis of motility and ultrastructure.
paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration
(215 times)
Neurology
(107 times)
LEMS (13 times)
PNS (12 times)
SCLC (11 times)
1985 Autoimmune response of patients with paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration to a Purkinje cell cytoplasmic protein antigen.
percutaneous catheter drainage
(142 times)
Gastroenterology
(43 times)
AP (19 times)
SAP (13 times)
IPN (10 times)
1984 Percutaneous catheter versus open surgical drainage in the treatment of abdominal abscesses.
photon-counting detector
(59 times)
Radiology
(21 times)
CT (29 times)
EID (18 times)
CNR (8 times)
2015 A Quantification Method for Breast Tissue Thickness and Iodine Concentration Using Photon-Counting Detector.
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens
(51 times)
Vascular Diseases
(17 times)
DVT (9 times)
PE (3 times)
AVF (2 times)
1988 Phlegmasia cerulea dolens: therapeutic considerations.
plasma cell dyscrasia
(51 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
MM (14 times)
MGUS (8 times)
AL (4 times)
1982 Reappraisal of relative frequency of monoclonal immunoglobulins.
primary carnitine deficiency
(49 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
MS/MS (7 times)
NBS (7 times)
MADD (5 times)
2002 A founder mutation (R254X) of SLC22A5 (OCTN2) in Chinese primary carnitine deficiency patients.
percutaneous drainage
(47 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
EPN (9 times)
AP (4 times)
WON (4 times)
1979 [Indications and technic of subphrenic percutaneous drainage].
10  passive cavitation detection
(43 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
HIFU (16 times)
BBB (9 times)
FUS (8 times)
2000 A dual passive cavitation detector for localized detection of lithotripsy-induced cavitation in vitro.
11  premature centromere division
(41 times)
Genetics, Medical
(20 times)
FISH (8 times)
AD (7 times)
MN (2 times)
1975 A mechanism of x chromosome aneuploidy in lymphocytes of aging women.
12  photocatalytic degradation
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
XRD (6 times)
EDX (5 times)
HR-SEM (5 times)
2001 Enhanced photocatalytic activity of nafion-coated TiO2.
13  pterin-4a-carbinolamine dehydratase
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
DHPR (6 times)
GTPCH (3 times)
HNF-1alpha (3 times)
1995 Three-dimensional structure of the bifunctional protein PCD/DCoH, a cytoplasmic enzyme interacting with transcription factor HNF1.
14  passive case detection
(28 times)
Tropical Medicine
(16 times)
ACD (10 times)
CHC (2 times)
RDT (2 times)
1989 Gametocytocidal effect of primaquine in a chemotherapeutic malaria control trial in North Sumatra, Indonesia.
15  perianal Crohn's disease
(28 times)
Gastroenterology
(20 times)
CD (5 times)
IBD (3 times)
CI (1 time)
2000 [Perianal complications of Crohn disease].
16  plasma cell disorder
(25 times)
Hematology
(14 times)
MM (5 times)
FLC (3 times)
AL (2 times)
2004 Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in 16 patients with POEMS syndrome, and a review of the literature.
17  papillary collecting duct
(22 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
PGE2 (4 times)
AdC (3 times)
cAMP (3 times)
1981 ADH-sensitive cAMP system in papillary collecting duct: effect of osmolality and PGE2.
18  perfused capillary density
(18 times)
Eye Diseases
(4 times)
OCTA (5 times)
POAG (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1994 Red blood cell aggregation and microcirculation in rat cremaster muscle.
19  postconcussional disorder
(17 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
mTBI (6 times)
PTSD (4 times)
TBI (4 times)
1996 Postconcussional disorder and loss of consciousness.
20  post-column derivatization
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
LC (7 times)
RSDr (7 times)
AAA (1 time)
1994 HPLC analysis of oligosaccharides in urine from oligosaccharidosis patients.
21  postchallenge day
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
ASC (4 times)
PID (4 times)
ELISPOT (3 times)
1987 Comparison of therapeutic versus subtherapeutic levels of chlortetracycline in the diet for selection of resistant salmonella in experimentally challenged chickens.
22  Protein contact dermatitis
(14 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
CU (3 times)
NRL (2 times)
ACD (1 time)
1999 Protein contact dermatitis in food workers. Case report of a meat sorter and summary of seven other cases.
23  pneumatic compression device
(13 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
VTE (3 times)
LMWH (2 times)
BCRL (1 time)
2007 A randomized trial to evaluate compliance in terms of patient comfort and satisfaction of two pneumatic compression devices.
24  polycrystalline diamond
(13 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
AFM (2 times)
TNL (2 times)
ATR (1 time)
1999 Assessing acute platelet adhesion on opaque metallic and polymeric biomaterials with fiber optic microscopy.
25  perianal CD
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
CD (10 times)
CAF (2 times)
TNF (2 times)
2009 Endoscopic ultrasound to guide the combined medical and surgical management of pediatric perianal Crohn's disease.
26  plasmonic circular dichroism
(10 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
GNRs (3 times)
AuNRs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2015 Plasmonic circular dichroism in side-by-side oligomers of gold nanorods: the influence of chiral molecule location and interparticle distance.
27  physiological cell death
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
FAS (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1994 Identification of immunosuppressant-induced apoptosis in a murine B-cell line and its prevention by bcl-x but not bcl-2.
28  Pollution Control Department
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
EPA (3 times)
PM10 (2 times)
BMR (1 time)
2002 Roadside particulate air pollution in Bangkok.
29  post culture day
(9 times)
Traumatology
(9 times)
PBS (2 times)
PCH (2 times)
PID (2 times)
2005 [Bio-inductive effects of inorganic elements on skin wound healing].
30  post-contractile depression
(9 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
LFF (2 times)
FF (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
1986 Force and membrane potential during and after fatiguing, intermittent tetanic stimulation of single Xenopus muscle fibres.
31  potential celiac disease
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (5 times)
GCD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2004 Intraepithelial lymphocytes in the villous tip: do they indicate potential coeliac disease?
32  pulsed corona discharge
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
BQD (1 time)
BTCW (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
2011 Polarity effect of pulsed corona discharge for the oxidation of gaseous elemental mercury.
33  protein C deficiency
(8 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
DVT (2 times)
PC (2 times)
AII (1 time)
1998 Hereditary protein C deficiency with recurrent thrombosis: identification of a missense mutation (C6218T).
34  protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PCA (3 times)
OSS (2 times)
SM (2 times)
1976 Protocatechuate 3, 4-dioxygenase from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus.
35  planned cesarean delivery
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
PVD (3 times)
TOL (2 times)
CD (1 time)
2007 The outcome and cumulative morbidity associated with the second and third postcesarean delivery.
36  pacer-cardioverter-defibrillator
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ARVD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1992 [Surgical versus nonsurgical therapy of fatal tachyarrhythmias].
37  peak cell density
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
vDNA (3 times)
ICD (2 times)
beta-Gal (1 time)
2008 Optimisation of protein expression and establishment of the Wave Bioreactor for Baculovirus/insect cell culture.
38  periapical cemental dysplasia
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
FOD (2 times)
FCD (1 time)
1987 Periapical cemental dysplasia and periodontal disease. A case report with review of the literature.
39  Pigmented contact dermatitis
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
AA (1 time)
AAT (1 time)
ACD (1 time)
1981 Effects of combination treatment with vitamins E and C on chloasma and pigmented contact dermatitis. A double blind controlled clinical trial.
40  plasma cell differentiation
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CSR (2 times)
MALT (2 times)
DLBCL-NOS (1 time)
2007 Pathology and clinical course of MALT lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation.
41  percutaneous cement discoplasty
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ODI (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
ALIF (1 time)
2015 [Experiences with PMMA cement as a stand-alone intervertebral spacer. Percutaneous cement discoplasty in the case of vacuum phenomenon within lumbar intervertebral discs].
42  percutaneous closure device
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
TAVI (4 times)
CFA (2 times)
CBOT (1 time)
2011 Clinical outcomes using a new crossover balloon occlusion technique for percutaneous closure after transfemoral aortic valve implantation.
43  peripapillary capillary density
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
OCTA (4 times)
NAION (3 times)
CDD (1 time)
2018 Pattern of peripapillary capillary density loss in ischemic optic neuropathy compared to that in primary open-angle glaucoma.
44  phthaloyl-CoA decarboxylase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
CoA (1 time)
PAEs (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
2017 Phthaloyl-coenzyme A decarboxylase from Thauera chlorobenzoica: the prenylated flavin-, K+ - and Fe2+ -dependent key enzyme of anaerobic phthalate degradation.
45  plant cell death
(5 times)
Botany
(4 times)
ROS (2 times)
hpi (1 time)
MDAR (1 time)
2014 Functional Analysis of Plant Defense Suppression and Activation by the Xanthomonas Core Type III Effector XopX.
46  poly(beta-cyclodextrin)
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Ad (1 time)
Ad-RGD (1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
2016 Versatile Supramolecular Gene Vector Based on Host-Guest Interaction.
47  postoperative cognitive decline
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
HCR (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2013 Dysfunction of inflammation-resolving pathways is associated with exaggerated postoperative cognitive decline in a rat model of the metabolic syndrome.
48  primary care doctor
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
BIM (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
TPB (1 time)
2000 Choosing a doctor: an exploratory study of factors influencing patients' choice of a primary care doctor.
49  partition-controlled delivery
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
PDMS (3 times)
BSD (2 times)
7-MB (1 time)
2003 Partiton-controlled delivery of toxicants: a novel in vivo approach for embryo toxicity testing.
50  Patient contextual data
(4 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
EHR (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
CFIR (1 time)
2019 Incorporating patient-generated contextual data into care: Clinician perspectives using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Science.
51  percutaneous cervical discectomy
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
PCN (2 times)
1994 Percutaneous cervical discectomy for treating cervical disc herniation--a report of 12 cases.
52  photochemical decontamination
(4 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
8-MOP (3 times)
PC (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1992 Photochemical inactivation of viruses and bacteriophage in plasma and plasma fractions.
53  Plasma cell-type Castleman disease
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
IgG4-RD (3 times)
CRP (1 time)
HHV-8 (1 time)
2009 Three patients with both Hodgkin's lymphoma and Castleman's disease: Clinicopathologic correlations and lack of association with HHV-8.
54  point cloud data
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
CAD (1 time)
FPFH (1 time)
GUI (1 time)
2018 An efficient outlier removal method for scattered point cloud data.
55  polarized contact dermoscopy
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
NPD (4 times)
PNCD (3 times)
BCCs (1 time)
2006 Conventional and polarized dermoscopy features of dermatofibroma.
56  positron coincidence detection
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
2001 A basic study on lesion detectability for hot spot imaging of positron emitters with dedicated PET and positron coincidence gamma camera.
57  postcoital day
(4 times)
Teratology
(1 time)
AGD (1 time)
bp (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1976 Blood flow to the uterine tube (oviduct) of the early pregnant and pseudopregnant rabbit.
58  prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
DS (1 time)
MSS (1 time)
1985 Utilization of prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis in women of advanced maternal age in Australia, 1979-1982.
59  primary chronic dacryocystitis
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
EES-DCR (2 times)
BUT (1 time)
EN-DCR (1 time)
2011 Effects of Merogel coverage on wound healing and ostial patency in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy for primary chronic dacryocystitis.
60  beta-cyclodextrin-based polymer
(3 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
CHT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2015 Bioinspired Titanium Drug Eluting Platforms Based on a Poly-beta-cyclodextrin-Chitosan Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly Targeting Infections.
61  pars costalis diaphragmatis
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
CLA (1 time)
DGAT (1 time)
1999 Relationship of fatty acid composition to intramuscular fat content in beef from crossbred Wagyu cattle.
62  partial current density
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FE (1 time)
Sn (1 time)
2018 Electrocatalytic Stability of Tin Cathode for Electroreduction of CO₂ to Formate in Aqueous Solution.
63  particle charge detection
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NMR (2 times)
CHN-EA (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2000 Sulfobutylated poly(vinyl alcohol)-graft-poly(lactide-co-glycolide)s facilitate the preparation of small negatively charged biodegradable nanospheres.
64  particle-charge detector
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
GPC (1 time)
2002 Determination of electrokinetic charge with a particle-charge detector, and its relationship to the total charge.
65  phospholipid-cholesterol domain
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
CBDs (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
2009 Physical properties of the lipid bilayer membrane made of cortical and nuclear bovine lens lipids: EPR spin-labeling studies.
66  photocatalytic disinfection
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2016 Nano-TiO2-based photocatalytic disinfection of environmental surfaces contaminated by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
67  photon-counting imaging detector
(3 times)
ACC (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of a new photon-counting imaging detector (PCD) with various acquisition modes.
68  pigtail catheter drainage
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
LDLT (1 time)
LT (1 time)
PNA (1 time)
1998 Percutaneous pigtail catheter drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts.
69  pollution control department of Thailand
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BHS (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
2013 Temporal and spatial distribution of particulate carcinogens and mutagens in Bangkok, Thailand.
70  polycyclodextrin
(3 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
AAc (1 time)
Ad-AAm (1 time)
GLUT (1 time)
2016 A light and reduction dual sensitive supramolecular self-assembly gene delivery system based on poly(cyclodextrin) and disulfide-containing azobenzene-terminated branched polycations.
71  pomalidomide, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MM (3 times)
ASCT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2018 Pomalidomide, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone for relapsed multiple myeloma.
72  post conception day
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CDH (1 time)
CI (1 time)
PID (1 time)
1981 Ultrastructure of the choroid plexus and its development in the mouse.
73  postcholecystectomy diarrhoea
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
BAM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
1992 Post-cholecystectomy diarrhea: evidence of bile acid malabsorption assessed by SeHCAT test.
74  postcoital dysphoria
(3 times)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
--- 2016 Postcoital Dysphoria: Prevalence and Psychological Correlates.
75  postcruciate dimple
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BV (1 time)
COM (1 time)
DR (1 time)
1983 Central projection of nuchal group I muscle afferent fibers of the cat.
76  posterior calvarial distraction
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
BCH (1 time)
CM-I (1 time)
2017 Experiences in Performing Posterior Calvarial Distraction.
77  postparacentesis circulatory dysfunction
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
LVP (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
PRISMA (1 time)
2012 The combination of octreotide and midodrine is not superior to albumin in preventing recurrence of ascites after large-volume paracentesis.
78  pressure-controlled discography
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
alMRI (2 times)
CLBP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2004 Subgroups of positive discs on discography.
79  primary cervical dystonia
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EMG (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BoNT-A (1 time)
2007 Sustained attention in cranial dystonia patients treated with botulinum toxin.
80  primary current density
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
LORETA (2 times)
BMA (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
2004 Bayesian model averaging in EEG/MEG imaging.
81  professionals complementary to dentistry
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
2005 Routine scale and polish for periodontal health in adults.
82  Proximal Cagemate Drinking
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effects of Cagemate Gender and the Cagemate's access to ethanol on ethanol and water intake of the proximal male or the proximal female CD-1 mouse.
83  proximal cauda epididymidis
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
MCP (3 times)
PCP (3 times)
ST (3 times)
1990 Direct evaluation of acidification by rat testis and epididymis: role of carbonic anhydrase.
84  pudendal canal decompression
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CRP (1 time)
EAS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1995 Pudendal artery syndrome with erectile dysfunction: treatment by pudendal canal decompression.
85  pulmonary clearance delay
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
FRC (2 times)
AMDN (1 time)
Cdyn (1 time)
1989 Lung function in the supine and lateral decubitus positions in anaesthetized infants and children.
86  Pyelocaliceal dilatation
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
UTI (2 times)
APPD (1 time)
CAKUT (1 time)
1996 [Newborn infants diagnosed prenatally with uropathies].
87  pyruvate carboxylase deficiency
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
GDF (1 time)
GSD-I (1 time)
GSD-III (1 time)
1988 Glycogen storage disease type I and III and pyruvate carboxylase deficiency: results of long-term treatment with uncooked cornstarch.
88  apoptotic cell death
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
AhR (1 time)
LSCM (1 time)
2001 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin induces apoptosis in the dorsal midbrain of zebrafish embryos by activation of arylhydrocarbon receptor.
89  paclitaxel-coated devices
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PVI (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2020 Update on paclitaxel for femoral-popliteal occlusive disease in the 15 months following a summary level meta-analysis demonstrated increased risk of late mortality and dose response to paclitaxel.
90  paper-based colorimetric device
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PtNPs (1 time)
TMB (1 time)
2016 A Simple Paper-Based Colorimetric Device for Rapid Mercury(II) Assay.
91  partial cystectomy with drainage
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Comparison between omentoplasty and partial cystectomy and drainage (PCD) techenques in surgical management of hydatid cysts liver in endemic area (Yemen).
92  passive cooling-rate-controlled device
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LNF (2 times)
DMSO (1 time)
HSCs (1 time)
2017 Improvement of a Simple and Cost-Effective Passive Cooling Rate-Controlled Device for Cell/Tissue Cryopreservation.
93  PC differentiation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PCs (2 times)
2019 EZH2 is overexpressed in transitional preplasmablasts and is involved in human plasma cell differentiation.
94  Pearson's coefficient of dissymmetry
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2006 Assessment of erythrocyte shape by flow cytometry techniques.
95  percentage of cell death
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRAC PCs (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2014 The use of hyperosmotic saline for chondroprotection: implications for orthopaedic surgery and cartilage repair.
96  pericardial catheter drainage
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
OHCA (1 time)
ROSC (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2001 Pericardial catheter sclerosis versus surgical procedures for pericardial effusions in cancer patients.
97  pericervical dentin
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CEJ (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2018 Comparative evaluation of effect of rotary and reciprocating single-file systems on pericervical dentin: A cone-beam computed tomography study.
98  periodic breathing cycle duration
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1989 Periodic breathing cycle duration in preterm infants.
99  peripheral cone dystrophy
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
CORD (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2018 Novel compound heterozygous mutation in the POC1B gene underlie peripheral cone dystrophy in a Chinese family.
100  peripheral corneal desiccation
(2 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
--- 1996 Effect of patient and lens performance characteristics on peripheral corneal desiccation.