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Abbreviation: PD
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Long forms: 1827

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Parkinson's disease
(42950 times)
Neurology
(21224 times)
AD (2353 times)
DA (2244 times)
DBS (1697 times)
1976 A family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism.
peritoneal dialysis
(6811 times)
Nephrology
(4515 times)
HD (1683 times)
ESRD (650 times)
CAPD (391 times)
1975 Pituitary-gonadal function in chronic renal failure: the effect of luteinizing hormone--releasing hormone and the influence of dialysis.
pharmacodynamic
(2213 times)
Pharmacology
(769 times)
PK (1770 times)
AUC (95 times)
AEs (66 times)
1984 Simultaneous modeling of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with a nonparametric pharmacodynamic model.
pancreaticoduodenectomy
(2163 times)
General Surgery
(1145 times)
POPF (239 times)
PJ (133 times)
DGE (124 times)
1983 [Pancreatic function after pancreatoduodenectomy--correlation between the volume ratio of parenchyma and the number of Langerhans' islets].
probing depth
(2057 times)
Dentistry
(1664 times)
CAL (971 times)
BOP (637 times)
PI (493 times)
1983 Effect of inflammation on periodontal attachment levels in miniature swine with mucogingival defects.
progressive disease
(1938 times)
Neoplasms
(1206 times)
PR (1155 times)
SD (995 times)
CR (777 times)
1978 [Clinical and therapeutic study (phase II) using VP-16/213 and methyl-CCNU in patients with inoperable, recurring or metastasizing carcinomas of the gastriointestinal tract].
panic disorder
(1451 times)
Psychiatry
(839 times)
GAD (200 times)
OCD (97 times)
PTSD (97 times)
1982 Panic and generalized anxiety disorders. Developmental antecedents and precipitants.
potential difference
(1016 times)
Physiology
(346 times)
SCC (83 times)
CF (62 times)
CFTR (27 times)
1961 Electrical potential difference measurements in perfused single proximal tubules of Necturus kidney.
personality disorder
(771 times)
Psychiatry
(463 times)
BPD (47 times)
MDD (33 times)
SCID-II (23 times)
1984 The implications of DSM-III personality disorders for patients with major depression.
10  postnatal day
(768 times)
Neurology
(274 times)
GD (51 times)
DA (25 times)
ED (22 times)
1976 An autoradiographic study of gliogenesis in the rat lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN).
11  prism diopters
(591 times)
Ophthalmology
(501 times)
MR (28 times)
LR (25 times)
IO (21 times)
1984 Sensory outcome with nonsurgical management of esotropia with convergence excess (a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio).
12  Peyronie's disease
(562 times)
Urology
(351 times)
ED (86 times)
CCH (66 times)
TA (34 times)
1991 [Echography versus nuclear magnetic resonance in the preoperative dynamic evaluation of plastic penile induration].
13  periodontal disease
(506 times)
Dentistry
(135 times)
RA (54 times)
CI (31 times)
CVD (23 times)
1985 A clinical study of periodontal disease in sheep.
14  power Doppler
(428 times)
Rheumatology
(226 times)
US (202 times)
RA (163 times)
GS (97 times)
1994 Power Doppler US: a potentially useful alternative to mean frequency-based color Doppler US.
15  pocket depth
(387 times)
Dentistry
(244 times)
CAL (169 times)
BOP (122 times)
PI (99 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
16  proton density
(327 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(116 times)
MRI (88 times)
MR (50 times)
MS (30 times)
1983 Serial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging in patients with cerebral infarction.
17  plasmodesmata
(228 times)
Botany
(81 times)
MP (29 times)
ER (25 times)
MPs (23 times)
2000 The movement protein-triggered in situ conversion of potato virus X virion RNA from a nontranslatable into a translatable form.
18  programmed death
(190 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(52 times)
IL (20 times)
PD-L1 (19 times)
IFN (17 times)
2003 T cell costimulatory pathways: blockade for autoimmunity.
19  pancreatic duct
(181 times)
Gastroenterology
(104 times)
ERCP (42 times)
CBD (34 times)
EUS (26 times)
1980 Intraluminal pressure recording from the human sphincter of Oddi.
20  Paget's disease
(173 times)
Metabolism
(16 times)
ERT (26 times)
GAA (24 times)
MVNP (12 times)
1984 Extramammary Paget's disease. Arising in knee region in association with sweat gland carcinoma.
21  population doublings
(152 times)
Cell Biology
(35 times)
MSCs (12 times)
hTERT (7 times)
BM (5 times)
1979 Maturation of rabbit auricular chondrocytes grown in vitro in monolayer culture.
22  primary dysmenorrhea
(147 times)
Complementary Therapies
(51 times)
VAS (26 times)
RCTs (13 times)
PGF2 alpha (10 times)
1990 Prostaglandins: PGF2 alpha, PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 serum levels in dysmenorrheic adolescents before, during and after treatment with oral contraceptives.
23  pupil diameter
(146 times)
Ophthalmology
(85 times)
ACD (42 times)
IOP (42 times)
CCT (22 times)
1981 Steric structure activity relationships of various adrenergic agonists: ocular and systemic effects.
24  psychological distress
(138 times)
Medicine
(24 times)
SEM (6 times)
QOL (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
1991 Stability and change in psychological distress and their relationship with self-esteem and locus of control: a dynamic equilibrium model.
25  periodontitis
(132 times)
Dentistry
(42 times)
RA (32 times)
CI (7 times)
OR (7 times)
1982 Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to antigens of Rothia dentocariosa.
26  phylogenetic diversity
(130 times)
Biology
(37 times)
FD (16 times)
SR (8 times)
MPD (5 times)
2003 Global patterns in peatmoss biodiversity.
27  power of discrimination
(123 times)
Jurisprudence
(69 times)
PE (56 times)
PIC (43 times)
STR (28 times)
1993 Visual and spatial trials paired in a new behavioral procedure: effects of benactyzine.
28  photodetector
(119 times)
Ophthalmology
(54 times)
UV (12 times)
NIR (7 times)
RF (7 times)
1999 Photodetection of early human bladder cancer based on the fluorescence of 5-aminolaevulinic acid hexylester-induced protoporphyrin IX: a pilot study.
29  Pierce's disease
(116 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (24 times)
Xf (11 times)
CVC (8 times)
1982 Differential diagnosis of presenile dementia on clinical grounds.
30  proximodistal
(113 times)
Embryology
(53 times)
AP (41 times)
DV (13 times)
Wg (12 times)
1984 Retinoic-acid-induced pattern completion in regenerating double anterior limbs of urodeles.
31  patient-days
(108 times)
Communicable Diseases
(37 times)
DOT (21 times)
DDD (17 times)
MRSA (11 times)
1985 Infant outcome, fetal growth, and pregnancy care: relationships in Indonesian university obstetrics.
32  programmed cell death
(108 times)
Neoplasms
(33 times)
PD-L1 (16 times)
NSCLC (12 times)
CTLA (10 times)
2006 The road to recovery: translating PD-1 biology into clinical benefit.
33  pneumatic dilation
(107 times)
Gastroenterology
(68 times)
LHM (22 times)
POEM (22 times)
LES (14 times)
1986 Achalasia of the esophagus. Treatment controversies and the method of choice.
34  pancreas disease
(105 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(51 times)
SAV (43 times)
HSMI (10 times)
SAV3 (10 times)
1988 Prevalence of microangiopathic complications in hyperglycemia secondary to pancreatic disease.
35  pars distalis
(104 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
PT (44 times)
PI (31 times)
ACTH (9 times)
1976 In vitro release of ACTH from dispersed rat pars intermedia cells. II. Effect of neurotransmitter substances.
36  polydatin
(100 times)
Cell Biology
(18 times)
ROS (14 times)
LPS (8 times)
MDA (7 times)
2002 Protective effects of polydatin against CCl(4)-induced injury to primarily cultured rat hepatocytes.
37  program director
(100 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
ACGME (11 times)
EM (10 times)
GS (6 times)
2001 Training general surgery residents in pediatric surgery: A Canadian survey.
38  disease progression
(98 times)
Neoplasms
(73 times)
OS (29 times)
SD (29 times)
PFS (26 times)
1988 Hypouricemia and urate excretion in small cell lung carcinoma patients with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis.
39  poorly differentiated
(90 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
WD (39 times)
MD (36 times)
HCC (7 times)
1982 Wilms' tumor: histologic grading as a prognostic factor in tumors beyond 10cm in diameter.
40  Prisoner's Dilemma
(82 times)
Biology
(27 times)
SD (3 times)
TFT (3 times)
BD (2 times)
1990 An ESS-analysis for ensembles of prisoner's dilemma strategies.
41  pyloric dilator
(80 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
LP (44 times)
AB (29 times)
STG (25 times)
1980 Pharmacological dissection of pyloric network of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion using picrotoxin.
42  polydopamine
(73 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(18 times)
SEM (5 times)
hMSCs (4 times)
NPs (4 times)
2009 The contribution of plasmid design and release to in vivo gene expression following delivery from cationic polymer modified scaffolds.
43  partial discharge
(72 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(49 times)
UHF (18 times)
GIS (11 times)
HV (10 times)
2006 Phased-ultrasonic receiving-planar array transducer for partial discharge location in transformer.
44  Platycodin D
(70 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
PE (5 times)
PG (5 times)
NO (4 times)
2004 Platycodin D and D3 isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum modulate the production of nitric oxide and secretion of TNF-alpha in activated RAW 264.7 cells.
45  psychiatric disorders
(70 times)
Psychiatry
(32 times)
CHR (4 times)
HS (4 times)
SUD (4 times)
1998 The Rorschach Schizophrenia Index (SCZI): an examination of reliability, validity, and diagnostic efficiency.
46  perfusion density
(66 times)
Ophthalmology
(41 times)
OCTA (44 times)
VD (32 times)
FAZ (21 times)
2017 Repeatability and Reproducibility of Superficial Macular Retinal Vessel Density Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography En Face Images.
47  pancreas divisum
(64 times)
Gastroenterology
(33 times)
ERCP (23 times)
CP (10 times)
MRCP (10 times)
1989 Computed tomography findings in pancreas divisum.
48  photodiode
(64 times)
Ophthalmology
(26 times)
LED (9 times)
BER (4 times)
NIR (4 times)
2001 Determination of low-level mercury based on a renewable-drops sensing technique.
49  proportional-derivative
(63 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(30 times)
FES (8 times)
PID (7 times)
DOF (5 times)
1995 A 'tachometer' feedback model of smooth pursuit eye movements.
50  percutaneous drainage
(58 times)
General Surgery
(27 times)
CT (7 times)
ED (5 times)
PLA (5 times)
1986 Operative vs percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses. Comparison of morbidity and mortality.
51  prediabetes
(58 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
T2D (13 times)
NGT (8 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
2009 Community-based population data indicates the significant alterations of insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and urine ACR in IFG combined IGT group among prediabetic population.
52  purine derivatives
(56 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
DM (15 times)
CP (7 times)
OM (7 times)
1992 The effect of feed intake and body weight on purine derivative excretion and microbial protein supply in sheep.
53  prenatal diagnosis
(55 times)
Obstetrics
(19 times)
CF (8 times)
CVS (4 times)
HD (3 times)
1988 HLA-A,B,C,DR typing and 17-OHP determination for second trimester prenatal diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficient CAH.
54  percent density
(54 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
BMI (9 times)
BV (7 times)
DA (7 times)
2000 An investigation of the effects of mammographic acquisition parameters on a semiautomated quantitative measure of breast cancer risk.
55  prednisolone
(54 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
TNBS (5 times)
CS (4 times)
GP (4 times)
1979 Synergism between subthreshold doses of phenylbutazone and prednisolone in rat hind-paw carrageenan edema.
56  pyridostigmine
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
GH (30 times)
GHRH (26 times)
AUC (6 times)
1987 Enhancement of cholinergic tone by pyridostigmine promotes both basal and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone-induced GH secretion in children of short stature.
57  perfusion defect
(51 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
CAD (8 times)
PE (5 times)
SPECT (5 times)
1990 [Is emergency angioplasty following successful thrombolysis more effective than thrombolysis alone in acute myocardial infarction?].
58  professional development
(48 times)
Education
(11 times)
GTAs (3 times)
ECE (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2001 The continuing professional development of the Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists and the Canadian Academy of Clinical Biochemists.
59  purging disorder
(48 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(25 times)
BN (34 times)
BED (17 times)
AN (13 times)
2005 Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
60  persistent diarrhea
(47 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
AD (8 times)
ICDDR,B (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 Recurrent and persistent diarrhoea in a rural Zimbabwean community: a prospective study.
61  postpartum depression
(45 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
EPDS (13 times)
OR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1995 [Impact of placental hormone withdrawal on postpartum depression].
62  power density
(45 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
ED (7 times)
SAR (5 times)
RF (4 times)
1979 [Effects of injurying and restoring the body of rats with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation].
63  participatory design
(43 times)
Medical Informatics
(21 times)
HIT (4 times)
UCD (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2003 Design and introduction of an electronic patient record: how to involve users?
64  parkinsonism-dementia
(42 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
ALS (36 times)
Al (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
1975 RNA-instructed DNA polymerase activity in a cytoplasmic particulate fraction in brains from Guamanian patients.
65  phosphodiester
(41 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
Pi (5 times)
TLR9 (5 times)
1978 Activity of adenylate cyclase and phospodiesterase in the pituitary and thyroid during postnatal period in rats.
66  paired domain
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
HD (28 times)
OP (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1994 Pax-3-DNA interaction: flexibility in the DNA binding and induction of DNA conformational changes by paired domains.
67  prescribed dose
(40 times)
Radiotherapy
(24 times)
CT (7 times)
APBI (5 times)
DVH (5 times)
1999 Treatment plan evaluation using dose-volume histogram (DVH) and spatial dose-volume histogram (zDVH).
68  preterm delivery
(39 times)
Obstetrics
(12 times)
SGA (11 times)
LBW (7 times)
PE (5 times)
1982 Spontaneous preterm delivery in pregnant diabetics: a high risk hitherto "unrecognized".
69  pulsed Doppler
(39 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LV (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
TDI (6 times)
1985 Noninvasive Doppler determination of cardiac output during submaximal and peak exercise.
70  pattern deviation
(35 times)
Ophthalmology
(28 times)
TD (16 times)
MD (12 times)
PSD (10 times)
1995 Diffuse and localised visual field defects to automated perimetry in primary open angle glaucoma.
71  pulmonary disease
(35 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
NTM (12 times)
MAC (11 times)
RA (3 times)
2004 Reduced readmission rate for alternating diagnoses of heart failure and pulmonary disease after implementation of B-type natriuretic peptide testing.
72  positive deviance
(34 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
HAIs (3 times)
SC (3 times)
ND (2 times)
2002 Sustained positive deviant child care practices and their effects on child growth in Viet Nam.
73  phosphate depletion
(33 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
PW (8 times)
Ca (3 times)
NE (2 times)
1977 Renal cell metabolism in phosphate depletion: adenine nucleotide metabolism and gluconeogenesis.
74  protein deposition
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
ISS (8 times)
SID (8 times)
BW (6 times)
1998 The effect of body weight on the upper limit to protein deposition in a defined population of growing gilts.
75  pupillary diameter
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
IOP (11 times)
ACD (6 times)
CCT (5 times)
1979 Chronic degeneration of aminergic nerve endings and blood-aqueous barrier.
76  peritoneal drainage
(32 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
NEC (14 times)
LAP (12 times)
ELBW (6 times)
1999 The role of peritoneal drainage for intestinal perforation in infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis.
77  Prolidase deficiency
(31 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
dal (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
Pro (2 times)
1994 Prolidase deficiency: biochemical study of erythrocyte and skin fibroblast prolidase activity in Italian patients.
78  physical disabilities
(30 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
ID (4 times)
QOL (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
2004 Evaluating a Medicaid home and community-based physical disability waiver.
79  prescription dose
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
CI (6 times)
HI (5 times)
PTV (4 times)
2000 The combined use of the natural and the cumulative dose-volume histograms in planning and evaluation of permanent prostatic seed implants.
80  postoperative delirium
(29 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
OR (7 times)
SAVR (4 times)
CAM (3 times)
2008 The incidence and risk factors associated with postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancies.
81  peripheral dose
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
IMRT (6 times)
MLC (5 times)
AAPM TG-36 (2 times)
1983 Peripheral dose from megavolt beams.
82  programmed cell death protein
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
PD-L1 (5 times)
CTLA (4 times)
OS (4 times)
2015 Differential potency of regulatory T cell-mediated immunosuppression in kidney tumors compared to subcutaneous tumors.
83  protein-deficient
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PS (7 times)
ALP (2 times)
Malt1 (2 times)
1983 Impairment of macrophage migration inhibitory factor synthesis and macrophage migration in protein-malnourished mice.
84  psychotic depression
(28 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
NPD (6 times)
PDAS (6 times)
non-PD (5 times)
1997 Distinguishing psychotic depression from melancholia.
85  1,2-propanediol
(27 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
EG (5 times)
BD (2 times)
CPA (2 times)
1976 Effects of 1,3-butanediol and 1,2-propanediol on growth, blood metabolites, and liver glycogen broiler chickens.
86  population density
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
LN (3 times)
SR (3 times)
GC (2 times)
1991 Lung cancer's persistent association with population density in Los Angeles County communities.
87  posterior deltoid
(27 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
EMG (13 times)
AD (9 times)
BB (9 times)
1990 Arm muscle activation for static forces in three-dimensional space.
88  phase difference
(26 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
dCA (7 times)
MCA (4 times)
CD (3 times)
1980 Non-invasive lung function tests in rats with progressive papain-induced emphysema.
89  prevalence difference
(26 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CI (11 times)
PR (6 times)
ADHD (2 times)
2004 Physical, mental and social factors associated with frequent attendance in Danish general practice. A population-based cross-sectional study.
90  pulse duration
(26 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
PRF (10 times)
ECAP (3 times)
IPG (3 times)
1995 Volitional control of anticipatory ocular pursuit responses under stabilised image conditions in humans.
91  peritoneal dissemination
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
GC (10 times)
EMT (4 times)
CEA (3 times)
1989 [Continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with cisplatin and mitomycin C for peritoneal dissemination in gastric cancer].
92  photodarkening
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
PB (6 times)
NIR (3 times)
LD (2 times)
2008 Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers.
93  predilatation
(25 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
DS (8 times)
TAVI (4 times)
IVUS (3 times)
2003 Direct stenting may limit myocardial injury during percutaneous coronary intervention.
94  partial denitrification
(23 times)
Technology
(10 times)
NTR (5 times)
EPS (3 times)
TN (3 times)
2011 Partial and complete denitrification in Thermus thermophilus: lessons from genome drafts.
95  percentage difference
(23 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
RF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
DOAS (2 times)
1985 Monitoring drug noncompliance in epileptic patients: assessing phenobarbital plasma levels.
96  progressed
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PR (15 times)
SD (12 times)
CR (11 times)
1992 Treatment with alpha-interferon versus alpha-interferon in combination with streptozocin and doxorubicin in patients with malignant carcinoid tumors: a randomized trial.
97  photodissociation
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(18 times)
PSD (4 times)
MALDI (3 times)
CID (2 times)
1992 Comparative study of photodissociation and surface-induced dissociation by laser desorption Fourier transform mass spectrometry.
98  pseudodeficiency
(22 times)
Genetics, Medical
(12 times)
MLD (19 times)
ASA (12 times)
ARSA (9 times)
1987 Pseudodeficiency of arylsulfatase A: a counseling dilemma.
99  p-phenylenediamine
(21 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
CV (2 times)
DPV (2 times)
5A1N (1 time)
1968 Photoreduction and photophosphorylation with tris-washed chloroplasts.
100  packing density
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CFD (3 times)
FD (2 times)
SAC (2 times)
1999 Differential maturational patterns of nitric oxide synthase-I and NADPH diaphorase in functionally distinct cortical areas of the mouse cerebral cortex.