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Abbreviation: PD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Parkinson's disease
(34707 times)
Neurology
(18372 times)
DA (1905 times)
AD (1803 times)
DBS (1336 times)
1976 A family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism.
peritoneal dialysis
(5837 times)
Nephrology
(4058 times)
HD (1453 times)
ESRD (560 times)
CAPD (348 times)
1975 Pituitary-gonadal function in chronic renal failure: the effect of luteinizing hormone--releasing hormone and the influence of dialysis.
pharmacodynamic
(1759 times)
Pharmacology
(626 times)
PK (1397 times)
AUC (77 times)
s.c (48 times)
1984 Simultaneous modeling of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with a nonparametric pharmacodynamic model.
probing depth
(1691 times)
Dentistry
(1423 times)
CAL (804 times)
BOP (477 times)
PI (377 times)
1983 Effect of inflammation on periodontal attachment levels in miniature swine with mucogingival defects.
pancreaticoduodenectomy
(1656 times)
General Surgery
(932 times)
POPF (156 times)
PJ (108 times)
DGE (97 times)
1983 [Pancreatic function after pancreatoduodenectomy--correlation between the volume ratio of parenchyma and the number of Langerhans' islets].
progressive disease
(1587 times)
Neoplasms
(1028 times)
PR (991 times)
SD (841 times)
CR (659 times)
1978 [Clinical and therapeutic study (phase II) using VP-16/213 and methyl-CCNU in patients with inoperable, recurring or metastasizing carcinomas of the gastriointestinal tract].
panic disorder
(1298 times)
Psychiatry
(763 times)
GAD (172 times)
OCD (85 times)
PTSD (78 times)
1982 Panic and generalized anxiety disorders. Developmental antecedents and precipitants.
potential difference
(1010 times)
Physiology
(346 times)
SCC (83 times)
CF (62 times)
CFTR (27 times)
1961 Electrical potential difference measurements in perfused single proximal tubules of Necturus kidney.
postnatal day
(694 times)
Neurology
(256 times)
GD (49 times)
DA (24 times)
NMDA (20 times)
1976 An autoradiographic study of gliogenesis in the rat lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN).
10  personality disorder
(680 times)
Psychiatry
(417 times)
BPD (37 times)
MDD (30 times)
SCID-II (21 times)
1984 The implications of DSM-III personality disorders for patients with major depression.
11  prism diopters
(480 times)
Ophthalmology
(416 times)
MR (21 times)
LR (19 times)
IO (18 times)
1984 Sensory outcome with nonsurgical management of esotropia with convergence excess (a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio).
12  Peyronie's disease
(430 times)
Urology
(281 times)
ED (67 times)
CCH (40 times)
TA (29 times)
1991 [Echography versus nuclear magnetic resonance in the preoperative dynamic evaluation of plastic penile induration].
13  periodontal disease
(373 times)
Dentistry
(100 times)
RA (42 times)
CI (23 times)
CVD (17 times)
1985 A clinical study of periodontal disease in sheep.
14  power Doppler
(353 times)
Rheumatology
(190 times)
US (172 times)
RA (133 times)
GS (71 times)
1994 Power Doppler US: a potentially useful alternative to mean frequency-based color Doppler US.
15  pocket depth
(325 times)
Dentistry
(213 times)
CAL (135 times)
BOP (106 times)
PI (89 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
16  proton density
(276 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(99 times)
MRI (73 times)
MR (43 times)
MS (30 times)
1983 Serial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging in patients with cerebral infarction.
17  plasmodesmata
(192 times)
Botany
(69 times)
MP (26 times)
ER (19 times)
MPs (19 times)
2000 The movement protein-triggered in situ conversion of potato virus X virion RNA from a nontranslatable into a translatable form.
18  programmed death
(151 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(47 times)
IL (16 times)
IFN (15 times)
PD-L1 (13 times)
2003 T cell costimulatory pathways: blockade for autoimmunity.
19  population doublings
(145 times)
Cell Biology
(34 times)
MSCs (12 times)
hTERT (7 times)
BM (5 times)
1979 Maturation of rabbit auricular chondrocytes grown in vitro in monolayer culture.
20  pancreatic duct
(141 times)
Gastroenterology
(92 times)
ERCP (31 times)
CBD (30 times)
EUS (20 times)
1980 Intraluminal pressure recording from the human sphincter of Oddi.
21  Paget's disease
(135 times)
Pathology
(15 times)
ERT (20 times)
GAA (15 times)
MVNP (10 times)
1984 Extramammary Paget's disease. Arising in knee region in association with sweat gland carcinoma.
22  pupil diameter
(118 times)
Ophthalmology
(72 times)
ACD (35 times)
IOP (35 times)
CCT (19 times)
1981 Steric structure activity relationships of various adrenergic agonists: ocular and systemic effects.
23  power of discrimination
(110 times)
Jurisprudence
(64 times)
PE (52 times)
PIC (38 times)
STR (26 times)
1993 Visual and spatial trials paired in a new behavioral procedure: effects of benactyzine.
24  phylogenetic diversity
(104 times)
Biology
(34 times)
FD (8 times)
SR (5 times)
OTUs (4 times)
2003 Global patterns in peatmoss biodiversity.
25  pars distalis
(102 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
PT (42 times)
PI (31 times)
ACTH (9 times)
1976 In vitro release of ACTH from dispersed rat pars intermedia cells. II. Effect of neurotransmitter substances.
26  Pierce's disease
(100 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (24 times)
Xf (10 times)
CVC (8 times)
1982 Differential diagnosis of presenile dementia on clinical grounds.
27  pancreas disease
(96 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(50 times)
SAV (38 times)
HSMI (10 times)
SAV3 (8 times)
1988 Prevalence of microangiopathic complications in hyperglycemia secondary to pancreatic disease.
28  psychological distress
(96 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
BMI (4 times)
HADS (3 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
1991 Stability and change in psychological distress and their relationship with self-esteem and locus of control: a dynamic equilibrium model.
29  primary dysmenorrhea
(94 times)
Complementary Therapies
(38 times)
VAS (18 times)
RCTs (7 times)
PGF2 alpha (6 times)
1990 Prostaglandins: PGF2 alpha, PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 serum levels in dysmenorrheic adolescents before, during and after treatment with oral contraceptives.
30  proximodistal
(92 times)
Biology
(47 times)
AP (30 times)
wg (12 times)
DV (10 times)
1984 Retinoic-acid-induced pattern completion in regenerating double anterior limbs of urodeles.
31  pneumatic dilation
(91 times)
Gastroenterology
(57 times)
LHM (16 times)
LES (13 times)
POEM (13 times)
1986 Achalasia of the esophagus. Treatment controversies and the method of choice.
32  periodontitis
(80 times)
Dentistry
(26 times)
RA (19 times)
CHD (5 times)
CIs (5 times)
1982 Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to antigens of Rothia dentocariosa.
33  photodetector
(79 times)
Ophthalmology
(43 times)
UV (10 times)
PDT (5 times)
RF (5 times)
1997 [Photodynamic therapy of the oral mucosa].
34  pyloric dilator
(76 times)
Neurology
(65 times)
LP (44 times)
AB (26 times)
STG (25 times)
1980 Pharmacological dissection of pyloric network of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion using picrotoxin.
35  disease progression
(75 times)
Neoplasms
(55 times)
SD (26 times)
OS (24 times)
PFS (21 times)
1988 Hypouricemia and urate excretion in small cell lung carcinoma patients with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis.
36  Prisoner's Dilemma
(74 times)
Biology
(25 times)
SD (3 times)
BD (2 times)
IPD (2 times)
1990 An ESS-analysis for ensembles of prisoner's dilemma strategies.
37  poorly differentiated
(73 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
WD (32 times)
MD (31 times)
HCC (5 times)
1982 Wilms' tumor: histologic grading as a prognostic factor in tumors beyond 10cm in diameter.
38  programmed cell death
(71 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
PD-L1 (10 times)
CTLA (7 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
2007 The road to recovery: translating PD-1 biology into clinical benefit.
39  patient-days
(70 times)
Communicable Diseases
(26 times)
DDD (11 times)
DOT (10 times)
MRSA (10 times)
1990 [Patient related diagnostic delay in breast tumor. A prospective study].
40  polydatin
(68 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
ROS (9 times)
LPS (5 times)
MDA (5 times)
1999 Protective effects of polydatin against CCl(4)-induced injury to primarily cultured rat hepatocytes.
41  program director
(68 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
EM (7 times)
ACGME (6 times)
CI (4 times)
2001 Training general surgery residents in pediatric surgery: A Canadian survey.
42  psychiatric disorders
(57 times)
Psychiatry
(31 times)
CHR (4 times)
HS (4 times)
SUD (4 times)
1998 The Rorschach Schizophrenia Index (SCZI): an examination of reliability, validity, and diagnostic efficiency.
43  pancreas divisum
(54 times)
Gastroenterology
(25 times)
ERCP (16 times)
MRCP (10 times)
CP (7 times)
1989 Computed tomography findings in pancreas divisum.
44  Platycodin D
(54 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
NO (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
DPE (3 times)
2004 Platycodin D and D3 isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum modulate the production of nitric oxide and secretion of TNF-alpha in activated RAW 264.7 cells.
45  pyridostigmine
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
GH (30 times)
GHRH (26 times)
AUC (6 times)
1987 Enhancement of cholinergic tone by pyridostigmine promotes both basal and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone-induced GH secretion in children of short stature.
46  prenatal diagnosis
(52 times)
Obstetrics
(17 times)
CF (8 times)
CVS (4 times)
HD (3 times)
1988 HLA-A,B,C,DR typing and 17-OHP determination for second trimester prenatal diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficient CAH.
47  percent density
(50 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
BMI (9 times)
BV (7 times)
AUC (6 times)
2000 An investigation of the effects of mammographic acquisition parameters on a semiautomated quantitative measure of breast cancer risk.
48  prednisolone
(50 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
CS (3 times)
IBD (3 times)
PC (3 times)
1979 Synergism between subthreshold doses of phenylbutazone and prednisolone in rat hind-paw carrageenan edema.
49  percutaneous drainage
(48 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
CT (6 times)
PLA (5 times)
IAA (4 times)
1986 Operative vs percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses. Comparison of morbidity and mortality.
50  polydopamine
(48 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(16 times)
NPs (4 times)
PAA (4 times)
BSA (2 times)
2010 The contribution of plasmid design and release to in vivo gene expression following delivery from cationic polymer modified scaffolds.
51  photodiode
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
LED (8 times)
VCSEL (4 times)
BER (3 times)
2000 Determination of low-level mercury based on a renewable-drops sensing technique.
52  purine derivatives
(47 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(30 times)
DM (11 times)
NDF (6 times)
MN (5 times)
1992 The effect of feed intake and body weight on purine derivative excretion and microbial protein supply in sheep.
53  persistent diarrhea
(46 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
AD (8 times)
ICDDR,B (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 Recurrent and persistent diarrhoea in a rural Zimbabwean community: a prospective study.
54  proportional-derivative
(46 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(24 times)
FES (8 times)
DOF (4 times)
PI (4 times)
1995 A 'tachometer' feedback model of smooth pursuit eye movements.
55  perfusion defect
(45 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
CAD (8 times)
CMR (4 times)
PE (4 times)
1990 [Is emergency angioplasty following successful thrombolysis more effective than thrombolysis alone in acute myocardial infarction?].
56  parkinsonism-dementia
(42 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
ALS (36 times)
Al (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
1975 RNA-instructed DNA polymerase activity in a cytoplasmic particulate fraction in brains from Guamanian patients.
57  phosphodiester
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
Pi (5 times)
TLR9 (5 times)
1978 Activity of adenylate cyclase and phospodiesterase in the pituitary and thyroid during postnatal period in rats.
58  purging disorder
(40 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(22 times)
BN (29 times)
BED (14 times)
AN (11 times)
2005 Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
59  paired domain
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
HD (28 times)
OP (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1994 Pax-3-DNA interaction: flexibility in the DNA binding and induction of DNA conformational changes by paired domains.
60  prediabetes
(39 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
T2D (11 times)
NGT (7 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
2009 Community-based population data indicates the significant alterations of insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and urine ACR in IFG combined IGT group among prediabetic population.
61  pulsed Doppler
(38 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LV (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
TDI (6 times)
1985 Noninvasive Doppler determination of cardiac output during submaximal and peak exercise.
62  partial discharge
(37 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(27 times)
UHF (12 times)
GIS (9 times)
HV (5 times)
2006 Phased-ultrasonic receiving-planar array transducer for partial discharge location in transformer.
63  prescribed dose
(37 times)
Radiotherapy
(23 times)
CT (6 times)
APBI (5 times)
PTV (5 times)
1999 Treatment plan evaluation using dose-volume histogram (DVH) and spatial dose-volume histogram (zDVH).
64  preterm delivery
(35 times)
Obstetrics
(11 times)
SGA (11 times)
LBW (6 times)
PE (5 times)
1982 Spontaneous preterm delivery in pregnant diabetics: a high risk hitherto "unrecognized".
65  participatory design
(33 times)
Medical Informatics
(18 times)
HIT (4 times)
SE (2 times)
UCD (2 times)
2003 Design and introduction of an electronic patient record: how to involve users?
66  power density
(32 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
ED (4 times)
RF (4 times)
SAR (4 times)
1979 [Effects of injurying and restoring the body of rats with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation].
67  prescription dose
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CI (5 times)
HI (5 times)
IMRT (3 times)
2000 The combined use of the natural and the cumulative dose-volume histograms in planning and evaluation of permanent prostatic seed implants.
68  phosphate depletion
(31 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PW (8 times)
Ca (3 times)
NE (2 times)
1977 Renal cell metabolism in phosphate depletion: adenine nucleotide metabolism and gluconeogenesis.
69  Prolidase deficiency
(31 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
dal (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
Pro (2 times)
1994 Prolidase deficiency: biochemical study of erythrocyte and skin fibroblast prolidase activity in Italian patients.
70  pupillary diameter
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
IOP (11 times)
ACD (5 times)
CCT (4 times)
1979 Chronic degeneration of aminergic nerve endings and blood-aqueous barrier.
71  peripheral dose
(28 times)
Biophysics
(11 times)
IMRT (6 times)
MLC (5 times)
AAPM TG-36 (2 times)
1983 Peripheral dose from megavolt beams.
72  peritoneal drainage
(28 times)
General Surgery
(20 times)
NEC (12 times)
LAP (9 times)
ELBW (5 times)
1999 The role of peritoneal drainage for intestinal perforation in infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis.
73  positive deviance
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
HAIs (3 times)
SC (3 times)
ND (2 times)
2002 Sustained positive deviant child care practices and their effects on child growth in Viet Nam.
74  professional development
(28 times)
Education
(9 times)
GTAs (3 times)
RA (2 times)
STEM (2 times)
2001 The continuing professional development of the Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists and the Canadian Academy of Clinical Biochemists.
75  protein deposition
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
SID (7 times)
ISS (6 times)
BW (4 times)
1998 The effect of body weight on the upper limit to protein deposition in a defined population of growing gilts.
76  postpartum depression
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
EPDS (7 times)
CI (2 times)
ND (2 times)
1995 [Impact of placental hormone withdrawal on postpartum depression].
77  1,2-propanediol
(25 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
EG (5 times)
BD (2 times)
CPA (2 times)
1976 Effects of 1,3-butanediol and 1,2-propanediol on growth, blood metabolites, and liver glycogen broiler chickens.
78  physical disabilities
(25 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
ID (4 times)
QOL (4 times)
ASD (2 times)
2004 Evaluating a Medicaid home and community-based physical disability waiver.
79  protein-deficient
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
PS (7 times)
ALP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1983 Impairment of macrophage migration inhibitory factor synthesis and macrophage migration in protein-malnourished mice.
80  pulse duration
(25 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
PRF (10 times)
ECAP (3 times)
IPG (3 times)
1995 Volitional control of anticipatory ocular pursuit responses under stabilised image conditions in humans.
81  pattern deviation
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
TD (10 times)
MD (9 times)
SAP (8 times)
1995 Diffuse and localised visual field defects to automated perimetry in primary open angle glaucoma.
82  phase difference
(24 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
dCA (6 times)
CD (3 times)
ABP (2 times)
1980 Non-invasive lung function tests in rats with progressive papain-induced emphysema.
83  psychotic depression
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(18 times)
PDAS (6 times)
non-PD (5 times)
AOR (3 times)
1997 Distinguishing psychotic depression from melancholia.
84  photodarkening
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
PB (6 times)
Yb (2 times)
Al (1 time)
2008 Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers.
85  progressed
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
PR (14 times)
SD (11 times)
CR (10 times)
1992 Treatment with alpha-interferon versus alpha-interferon in combination with streptozocin and doxorubicin in patients with malignant carcinoid tumors: a randomized trial.
86  Paget's disease of bone
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
BSP (2 times)
DPD (2 times)
PYD (2 times)
1996 Serum immunoreactive bone sialoprotein as a new marker of bone turnover in metabolic and malignant bone disease.
87  percentage difference
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
RF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
DOAS (2 times)
1985 Monitoring drug noncompliance in epileptic patients: assessing phenobarbital plasma levels.
88  pulmonary disease
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
MAC (8 times)
NTM (6 times)
RA (3 times)
2004 Reduced readmission rate for alternating diagnoses of heart failure and pulmonary disease after implementation of B-type natriuretic peptide testing.
89  posterior deltoid
(20 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
EMG (10 times)
BB (8 times)
LT (7 times)
1990 Arm muscle activation for static forces in three-dimensional space.
90  protein degradation
(20 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
CRF (2 times)
GC (2 times)
1979 The effects of maternal protein deprivation on renal development and function in neonatal rats.
91  pseudodeficiency
(20 times)
Genetics, Medical
(12 times)
MLD (17 times)
ASA (11 times)
ARSA (8 times)
1987 Pseudodeficiency of arylsulfatase A: a counseling dilemma.
92  packing density
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CFD (3 times)
WSS (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1993 Concentration evaluation of chromatin in unstained resin-embedded sections by means of low-dose ratio-contrast imaging in STEM.
93  population density
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
LN (3 times)
PBDE (2 times)
PBDEs (2 times)
1991 Lung cancer's persistent association with population density in Los Angeles County communities.
94  postural drainage
(19 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
FET (6 times)
PEP (4 times)
CF (2 times)
1981 Postural drainage effect after bronchodilator inhalation in patients with chronic airway obstruction.
95  preferred direction
(19 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
EMG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AFR (1 time)
1990 Quantification and Comparison of Cell Properties in Cat's Striate Cortex Determined by Different Types of Stimuli.
96  prevalence differences
(19 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (6 times)
PR (5 times)
FAs (2 times)
2004 Physical, mental and social factors associated with frequent attendance in Danish general practice. A population-based cross-sectional study.
97  p-phenylenediamine
(18 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DPV (2 times)
AN (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1968 Photoreduction and photophosphorylation with tris-washed chloroplasts.
98  PD group
(18 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
HD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1996 Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to upper- and lower-extremity exercise in men with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
99  photodissociation
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
PSD (4 times)
MALDI (3 times)
CID (2 times)
1992 Comparative study of photodissociation and surface-induced dissociation by laser desorption Fourier transform mass spectrometry.
100  pneumococcal disease
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AOM (3 times)
PCV (3 times)
IPD (2 times)
2004 Pneumococcal infections in HIV infected adults--clinical features, reasons behind the association and future hopes for prevention.