A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : PD

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : PD
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: PD
Appearance Frequency: 66333 time(s)
Long forms: 1706

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Parkinson's disease
(38072 times)
Neurology
(19566 times)
DA (2053 times)
AD (2014 times)
DBS (1471 times)
1976 A family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism.
peritoneal dialysis
(6235 times)
Nephrology
(4244 times)
HD (1552 times)
ESRD (605 times)
CAPD (366 times)
1975 Pituitary-gonadal function in chronic renal failure: the effect of luteinizing hormone--releasing hormone and the influence of dialysis.
pharmacodynamic
(1950 times)
Pharmacology
(683 times)
PK (1554 times)
AUC (87 times)
AEs (56 times)
1984 Simultaneous modeling of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with a nonparametric pharmacodynamic model.
pancreaticoduodenectomy
(1866 times)
General Surgery
(1016 times)
POPF (187 times)
PJ (118 times)
DGE (108 times)
0 Surgical Treatment of Ampullary Adenocarcinoma - Single Center Experience and a Review of Literature.
probing depth
(1857 times)
Dentistry
(1540 times)
CAL (882 times)
BOP (554 times)
PI (427 times)
1983 Effect of inflammation on periodontal attachment levels in miniature swine with mucogingival defects.
progressive disease
(1739 times)
Neoplasms
(1110 times)
PR (1059 times)
SD (909 times)
CR (708 times)
1978 [Clinical and therapeutic study (phase II) using VP-16/213 and methyl-CCNU in patients with inoperable, recurring or metastasizing carcinomas of the gastriointestinal tract].
panic disorder
(1368 times)
Psychiatry
(797 times)
GAD (184 times)
OCD (92 times)
PTSD (88 times)
1982 Panic and generalized anxiety disorders. Developmental antecedents and precipitants.
potential difference
(1014 times)
Physiology
(346 times)
SCC (83 times)
CF (62 times)
CFTR (27 times)
1961 Electrical potential difference measurements in perfused single proximal tubules of Necturus kidney.
postnatal day
(724 times)
Neurology
(264 times)
GD (50 times)
DA (25 times)
NMDA (20 times)
1976 An autoradiographic study of gliogenesis in the rat lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN).
10  personality disorder
(723 times)
Psychiatry
(441 times)
BPD (41 times)
MDD (32 times)
SCID-II (23 times)
1984 The implications of DSM-III personality disorders for patients with major depression.
11  prism diopters
(524 times)
Ophthalmology
(453 times)
MR (24 times)
LR (22 times)
IO (20 times)
1984 Sensory outcome with nonsurgical management of esotropia with convergence excess (a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio).
12  Peyronie's disease
(490 times)
Urology
(311 times)
ED (79 times)
CCH (53 times)
TA (31 times)
1991 [Echography versus nuclear magnetic resonance in the preoperative dynamic evaluation of plastic penile induration].
13  periodontal disease
(419 times)
Dentistry
(114 times)
RA (49 times)
CI (24 times)
CVD (18 times)
1985 A clinical study of periodontal disease in sheep.
14  power Doppler
(387 times)
Rheumatology
(208 times)
US (186 times)
RA (148 times)
GS (86 times)
1994 Power Doppler US: a potentially useful alternative to mean frequency-based color Doppler US.
15  pocket depth
(349 times)
Dentistry
(226 times)
CAL (153 times)
BOP (113 times)
PI (94 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
16  proton density
(300 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(109 times)
MRI (79 times)
MR (48 times)
MS (30 times)
1983 Serial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging in patients with cerebral infarction.
17  plasmodesmata
(206 times)
Botany
(75 times)
MP (27 times)
ER (19 times)
MPs (19 times)
2000 The movement protein-triggered in situ conversion of potato virus X virion RNA from a nontranslatable into a translatable form.
18  programmed death
(172 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(49 times)
IL (17 times)
IFN (15 times)
PD-L1 (13 times)
2003 T cell costimulatory pathways: blockade for autoimmunity.
19  pancreatic duct
(161 times)
Gastroenterology
(97 times)
ERCP (37 times)
CBD (33 times)
EUS (24 times)
1980 Intraluminal pressure recording from the human sphincter of Oddi.
20  Paget's disease
(150 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
ERT (23 times)
GAA (18 times)
MVNP (10 times)
1984 Extramammary Paget's disease. Arising in knee region in association with sweat gland carcinoma.
21  population doublings
(149 times)
Cell Biology
(35 times)
MSCs (12 times)
hTERT (7 times)
BM (5 times)
1979 Maturation of rabbit auricular chondrocytes grown in vitro in monolayer culture.
22  pupil diameter
(127 times)
Ophthalmology
(74 times)
ACD (38 times)
IOP (37 times)
CCT (20 times)
1981 Steric structure activity relationships of various adrenergic agonists: ocular and systemic effects.
23  phylogenetic diversity
(118 times)
Biology
(35 times)
FD (10 times)
SR (6 times)
MPD (5 times)
2003 Global patterns in peatmoss biodiversity.
24  power of discrimination
(115 times)
Jurisprudence
(66 times)
PE (54 times)
PIC (40 times)
STR (27 times)
1993 Visual and spatial trials paired in a new behavioral procedure: effects of benactyzine.
25  Pierce's disease
(112 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (24 times)
Xf (11 times)
CVC (8 times)
1982 Differential diagnosis of presenile dementia on clinical grounds.
26  primary dysmenorrhea
(112 times)
Complementary Therapies
(44 times)
VAS (19 times)
RCTs (9 times)
PGF2 alpha (7 times)
1990 Prostaglandins: PGF2 alpha, PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 serum levels in dysmenorrheic adolescents before, during and after treatment with oral contraceptives.
27  psychological distress
(110 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
SEM (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
HADS (3 times)
1991 Stability and change in psychological distress and their relationship with self-esteem and locus of control: a dynamic equilibrium model.
28  proximodistal
(108 times)
Embryology
(53 times)
AP (37 times)
wg (12 times)
DV (10 times)
1984 Retinoic-acid-induced pattern completion in regenerating double anterior limbs of urodeles.
29  periodontitis
(104 times)
Dentistry
(36 times)
RA (24 times)
OR (6 times)
CHD (5 times)
1982 Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to antigens of Rothia dentocariosa.
30  pars distalis
(103 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
PT (43 times)
PI (31 times)
ACTH (9 times)
1976 In vitro release of ACTH from dispersed rat pars intermedia cells. II. Effect of neurotransmitter substances.
31  pancreas disease
(97 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(51 times)
SAV (39 times)
HSMI (10 times)
SAV3 (8 times)
1988 Prevalence of microangiopathic complications in hyperglycemia secondary to pancreatic disease.
32  pneumatic dilation
(96 times)
Gastroenterology
(60 times)
LHM (18 times)
POEM (16 times)
LES (14 times)
1986 Achalasia of the esophagus. Treatment controversies and the method of choice.
33  patient-days
(94 times)
Communicable Diseases
(35 times)
DDD (15 times)
DOT (15 times)
MRSA (11 times)
1985 Infant outcome, fetal growth, and pregnancy care: relationships in Indonesian university obstetrics.
34  photodetector
(90 times)
Ophthalmology
(48 times)
UV (11 times)
RF (6 times)
PDT (5 times)
1997 [Photodynamic therapy of the oral mucosa].
35  programmed cell death
(87 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
PD-L1 (11 times)
CTLA (9 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
2007 The road to recovery: translating PD-1 biology into clinical benefit.
36  disease progression
(85 times)
Neoplasms
(62 times)
SD (28 times)
OS (26 times)
PR (22 times)
1988 Hypouricemia and urate excretion in small cell lung carcinoma patients with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis.
37  polydatin
(82 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
ROS (13 times)
LPS (7 times)
MDA (5 times)
1999 Protective effects of polydatin against CCl(4)-induced injury to primarily cultured rat hepatocytes.
38  poorly differentiated
(80 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
WD (35 times)
MD (33 times)
HCC (6 times)
1982 Wilms' tumor: histologic grading as a prognostic factor in tumors beyond 10cm in diameter.
39  Prisoner's Dilemma
(79 times)
Biology
(26 times)
SD (3 times)
BD (2 times)
IPD (2 times)
1990 An ESS-analysis for ensembles of prisoner's dilemma strategies.
40  pyloric dilator
(79 times)
Neurology
(66 times)
LP (44 times)
AB (29 times)
STG (25 times)
1980 Pharmacological dissection of pyloric network of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion using picrotoxin.
41  program director
(77 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
EM (8 times)
ACGME (7 times)
CI (4 times)
2001 Training general surgery residents in pediatric surgery: A Canadian survey.
42  psychiatric disorders
(64 times)
Psychiatry
(32 times)
HS (5 times)
CHR (4 times)
SUD (4 times)
1998 The Rorschach Schizophrenia Index (SCZI): an examination of reliability, validity, and diagnostic efficiency.
43  pancreas divisum
(61 times)
Gastroenterology
(30 times)
ERCP (20 times)
MRCP (10 times)
CP (8 times)
1989 Computed tomography findings in pancreas divisum.
44  Platycodin D
(60 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
PE (5 times)
NO (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
2004 Platycodin D and D3 isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum modulate the production of nitric oxide and secretion of TNF-alpha in activated RAW 264.7 cells.
45  polydopamine
(55 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(16 times)
NPs (4 times)
PAA (4 times)
PDMS (3 times)
2010 The contribution of plasmid design and release to in vivo gene expression following delivery from cationic polymer modified scaffolds.
46  prednisolone
(54 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
CS (4 times)
RA (4 times)
TNBS (4 times)
1979 Synergism between subthreshold doses of phenylbutazone and prednisolone in rat hind-paw carrageenan edema.
47  proportional-derivative
(54 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(28 times)
FES (8 times)
DOF (4 times)
PI (4 times)
1995 A 'tachometer' feedback model of smooth pursuit eye movements.
48  pyridostigmine
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
GH (30 times)
GHRH (26 times)
AUC (6 times)
1987 Enhancement of cholinergic tone by pyridostigmine promotes both basal and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone-induced GH secretion in children of short stature.
49  partial discharge
(53 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(41 times)
UHF (17 times)
GIS (11 times)
HV (5 times)
2006 Phased-ultrasonic receiving-planar array transducer for partial discharge location in transformer.
50  photodiode
(53 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
LED (8 times)
VCSEL (4 times)
BER (3 times)
2000 Determination of low-level mercury based on a renewable-drops sensing technique.
51  prenatal diagnosis
(53 times)
Obstetrics
(18 times)
CF (8 times)
CVS (4 times)
HD (3 times)
1988 HLA-A,B,C,DR typing and 17-OHP determination for second trimester prenatal diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficient CAH.
52  percutaneous drainage
(52 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
CT (6 times)
PLA (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1986 Operative vs percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses. Comparison of morbidity and mortality.
53  percent density
(50 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
BMI (9 times)
BV (7 times)
AUC (6 times)
2000 An investigation of the effects of mammographic acquisition parameters on a semiautomated quantitative measure of breast cancer risk.
54  purine derivatives
(48 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(31 times)
DM (12 times)
NDF (6 times)
MN (5 times)
1992 The effect of feed intake and body weight on purine derivative excretion and microbial protein supply in sheep.
55  perfusion defect
(46 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
CAD (8 times)
PE (5 times)
CMR (4 times)
1990 [Is emergency angioplasty following successful thrombolysis more effective than thrombolysis alone in acute myocardial infarction?].
56  persistent diarrhea
(46 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
AD (8 times)
ICDDR,B (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 Recurrent and persistent diarrhoea in a rural Zimbabwean community: a prospective study.
57  prediabetes
(45 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
T2D (12 times)
NGT (7 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
2009 Community-based population data indicates the significant alterations of insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and urine ACR in IFG combined IGT group among prediabetic population.
58  parkinsonism-dementia
(42 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
ALS (36 times)
Al (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
1975 RNA-instructed DNA polymerase activity in a cytoplasmic particulate fraction in brains from Guamanian patients.
59  purging disorder
(42 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(23 times)
BN (30 times)
BED (15 times)
AN (11 times)
2005 Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
60  phosphodiester
(41 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
Pi (5 times)
TLR9 (5 times)
1978 Activity of adenylate cyclase and phospodiesterase in the pituitary and thyroid during postnatal period in rats.
61  professional development
(40 times)
Education
(10 times)
GTAs (3 times)
ECE (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2001 The continuing professional development of the Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists and the Canadian Academy of Clinical Biochemists.
62  paired domain
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
HD (28 times)
OP (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1994 Pax-3-DNA interaction: flexibility in the DNA binding and induction of DNA conformational changes by paired domains.
63  prescribed dose
(38 times)
Radiotherapy
(24 times)
CT (6 times)
APBI (5 times)
DVH (5 times)
1999 Treatment plan evaluation using dose-volume histogram (DVH) and spatial dose-volume histogram (zDVH).
64  pulsed Doppler
(38 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LV (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
TDI (6 times)
1985 Noninvasive Doppler determination of cardiac output during submaximal and peak exercise.
65  participatory design
(37 times)
Medical Informatics
(19 times)
HIT (4 times)
UCD (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2003 Design and introduction of an electronic patient record: how to involve users?
66  power density
(36 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
ED (6 times)
RF (4 times)
SAR (4 times)
1979 [Effects of injurying and restoring the body of rats with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation].
67  prescription dose
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
CI (6 times)
HI (5 times)
PTV (4 times)
2000 The combined use of the natural and the cumulative dose-volume histograms in planning and evaluation of permanent prostatic seed implants.
68  preterm delivery
(36 times)
Obstetrics
(12 times)
SGA (11 times)
LBW (6 times)
PE (5 times)
1982 Spontaneous preterm delivery in pregnant diabetics: a high risk hitherto "unrecognized".
69  postpartum depression
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
EPDS (11 times)
ND (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1995 [Impact of placental hormone withdrawal on postpartum depression].
70  phosphate depletion
(32 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PW (8 times)
Ca (3 times)
NE (2 times)
1977 Renal cell metabolism in phosphate depletion: adenine nucleotide metabolism and gluconeogenesis.
71  Prolidase deficiency
(31 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
dal (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
Pro (2 times)
1994 Prolidase deficiency: biochemical study of erythrocyte and skin fibroblast prolidase activity in Italian patients.
72  positive deviance
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
HAIs (3 times)
SC (3 times)
ND (2 times)
2002 Sustained positive deviant child care practices and their effects on child growth in Viet Nam.
73  pupillary diameter
(30 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
IOP (11 times)
ACD (5 times)
CCT (4 times)
1979 Chronic degeneration of aminergic nerve endings and blood-aqueous barrier.
74  perfusion density
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
OCTA (21 times)
VD (14 times)
VLD (11 times)
2017 Repeatability and Reproducibility of Superficial Macular Retinal Vessel Density Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography En Face Images.
75  peritoneal drainage
(29 times)
General Surgery
(21 times)
NEC (13 times)
LAP (10 times)
ELBW (6 times)
1999 The role of peritoneal drainage for intestinal perforation in infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis.
76  protein deposition
(29 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
ISS (8 times)
SID (7 times)
BW (4 times)
1998 The effect of body weight on the upper limit to protein deposition in a defined population of growing gilts.
77  peripheral dose
(28 times)
Biophysics
(11 times)
IMRT (6 times)
MLC (5 times)
AAPM TG-36 (2 times)
1983 Peripheral dose from megavolt beams.
78  pulmonary disease
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
MAC (11 times)
NTM (8 times)
RA (3 times)
2004 Reduced readmission rate for alternating diagnoses of heart failure and pulmonary disease after implementation of B-type natriuretic peptide testing.
79  pattern deviation
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
TD (11 times)
MD (10 times)
PSD (8 times)
1995 Diffuse and localised visual field defects to automated perimetry in primary open angle glaucoma.
80  physical disabilities
(27 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
ID (4 times)
QOL (4 times)
PA (3 times)
2004 Evaluating a Medicaid home and community-based physical disability waiver.
81  protein-deficient
(27 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
PS (7 times)
ALP (2 times)
Malt1 (2 times)
1983 Impairment of macrophage migration inhibitory factor synthesis and macrophage migration in protein-malnourished mice.
82  1,2-propanediol
(26 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
EG (5 times)
BD (2 times)
CPA (2 times)
1976 Effects of 1,3-butanediol and 1,2-propanediol on growth, blood metabolites, and liver glycogen broiler chickens.
83  psychotic depression
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
PDAS (6 times)
non-PD (5 times)
NPD (4 times)
1997 Distinguishing psychotic depression from melancholia.
84  pulse duration
(25 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
PRF (10 times)
ECAP (3 times)
IPG (3 times)
1995 Volitional control of anticipatory ocular pursuit responses under stabilised image conditions in humans.
85  phase difference
(24 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
dCA (6 times)
CD (3 times)
ABP (2 times)
1980 Non-invasive lung function tests in rats with progressive papain-induced emphysema.
86  postoperative delirium
(24 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
OR (4 times)
SAVR (4 times)
CAM (3 times)
2008 The incidence and risk factors associated with postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancies.
87  peritoneal dissemination
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
GC (8 times)
CEA (3 times)
EMT (3 times)
1989 [Continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with cisplatin and mitomycin C for peritoneal dissemination in gastric cancer].
88  photodarkening
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
PB (6 times)
Yb (2 times)
Al (1 time)
2008 Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers.
89  prevalence difference
(22 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (8 times)
PR (6 times)
FAs (2 times)
2004 Physical, mental and social factors associated with frequent attendance in Danish general practice. A population-based cross-sectional study.
90  progressed
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
PR (14 times)
SD (11 times)
CR (10 times)
1992 Treatment with alpha-interferon versus alpha-interferon in combination with streptozocin and doxorubicin in patients with malignant carcinoid tumors: a randomized trial.
91  Paget's disease of bone
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
BSP (2 times)
DPD (2 times)
PYD (2 times)
1996 Serum immunoreactive bone sialoprotein as a new marker of bone turnover in metabolic and malignant bone disease.
92  percent difference
(21 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
RF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
DOAS (2 times)
1985 Monitoring drug noncompliance in epileptic patients: assessing phenobarbital plasma levels.
93  posterior deltoid
(21 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
EMG (10 times)
BB (8 times)
LT (7 times)
1990 Arm muscle activation for static forces in three-dimensional space.
94  pseudodeficiency
(21 times)
Genetics, Medical
(12 times)
MLD (18 times)
ASA (11 times)
ARSA (9 times)
1987 Pseudodeficiency of arylsulfatase A: a counseling dilemma.
95  packing density
(20 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CFD (3 times)
SAC (2 times)
WSS (2 times)
1999 Differential maturational patterns of nitric oxide synthase-I and NADPH diaphorase in functionally distinct cortical areas of the mouse cerebral cortex.
96  PD group
(20 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
HD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1996 Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to upper- and lower-extremity exercise in men with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
97  population density
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
LN (3 times)
PBDE (2 times)
PBDEs (2 times)
1991 Lung cancer's persistent association with population density in Los Angeles County communities.
98  protein degradation
(20 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
CRF (2 times)
GC (2 times)
1979 The effects of maternal protein deprivation on renal development and function in neonatal rats.
99  p-phenylenediamine
(19 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
DPV (2 times)
AN (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1968 Photoreduction and photophosphorylation with tris-washed chloroplasts.
100  photodissociation
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
PSD (4 times)
MALDI (3 times)
CID (2 times)
1992 Comparative study of photodissociation and surface-induced dissociation by laser desorption Fourier transform mass spectrometry.