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Abbreviation: PD
Appearance Frequency: 83265 time(s)
Long forms: 1988

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Parkinson's disease
(48547 times)
Neurology
(22878 times)
AD (2728 times)
DA (2429 times)
DBS (1926 times)
1976 A family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Parkinsonism.
peritoneal dialysis
(7422 times)
Nephrology
(4765 times)
HD (1822 times)
ESRD (704 times)
CI (427 times)
1975 Pituitary-gonadal function in chronic renal failure: the effect of luteinizing hormone--releasing hormone and the influence of dialysis.
pharmacodynamic
(2466 times)
Pharmacology
(837 times)
PK (1981 times)
AUC (104 times)
AEs (76 times)
1984 Simultaneous modeling of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with a nonparametric pharmacodynamic model.
pancreaticoduodenectomy
(2462 times)
General Surgery
(1251 times)
POPF (298 times)
DGE (148 times)
PJ (139 times)
1983 [Pancreatic function after pancreatoduodenectomy--correlation between the volume ratio of parenchyma and the number of Langerhans' islets].
probing depth
(2267 times)
Dentistry
(1793 times)
CAL (1060 times)
BOP (704 times)
PI (551 times)
1983 Effect of inflammation on periodontal attachment levels in miniature swine with mucogingival defects.
progressive disease
(2196 times)
Neoplasms
(1343 times)
PR (1270 times)
SD (1115 times)
CR (860 times)
1978 [Clinical and therapeutic study (phase II) using VP-16/213 and methyl-CCNU in patients with inoperable, recurring or metastasizing carcinomas of the gastriointestinal tract].
panic disorder
(1524 times)
Psychiatry
(870 times)
GAD (212 times)
OCD (102 times)
MDD (101 times)
1982 Panic and generalized anxiety disorders. Developmental antecedents and precipitants.
potential difference
(1022 times)
Physiology
(346 times)
SCC (83 times)
CF (64 times)
CFTR (30 times)
1961 Electrical potential difference measurements in perfused single proximal tubules of Necturus kidney.
personality disorder
(829 times)
Psychiatry
(490 times)
BPD (48 times)
MDD (36 times)
SCID-II (23 times)
1984 The implications of DSM-III personality disorders for patients with major depression.
10  postnatal day
(813 times)
Neurology
(283 times)
GD (54 times)
DA (26 times)
FASD (23 times)
1976 An autoradiographic study of gliogenesis in the rat lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN).
11  prism diopters
(654 times)
Ophthalmology
(540 times)
MR (35 times)
LR (31 times)
IO (23 times)
1984 Sensory outcome with nonsurgical management of esotropia with convergence excess (a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio).
12  Peyronie's disease
(620 times)
Urology
(379 times)
ED (97 times)
CCH (76 times)
TA (36 times)
1991 [Echography versus nuclear magnetic resonance in the preoperative dynamic evaluation of plastic penile induration].
13  periodontal disease
(592 times)
Dentistry
(147 times)
RA (62 times)
CI (35 times)
CVD (27 times)
1985 A clinical study of periodontal disease in sheep.
14  power Doppler
(478 times)
Rheumatology
(245 times)
US (230 times)
RA (181 times)
GS (113 times)
1994 Power Doppler US: a potentially useful alternative to mean frequency-based color Doppler US.
15  pocket depth
(428 times)
Dentistry
(259 times)
CAL (191 times)
BOP (141 times)
PI (106 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
16  proton density
(370 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(129 times)
MRI (106 times)
MR (51 times)
MS (30 times)
1983 Serial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging in patients with cerebral infarction.
17  plasmodesmata
(273 times)
Botany
(88 times)
MP (31 times)
ER (29 times)
MPs (26 times)
2000 The movement protein-triggered in situ conversion of potato virus X virion RNA from a nontranslatable into a translatable form.
18  psychological distress
(250 times)
Psychiatry
(57 times)
QoL (8 times)
BMI (7 times)
MD (7 times)
1991 Stability and change in psychological distress and their relationship with self-esteem and locus of control: a dynamic equilibrium model.
19  programmed death
(208 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(55 times)
IL (20 times)
PD-L1 (20 times)
IFN (18 times)
2003 T cell costimulatory pathways: blockade for autoimmunity.
20  Paget's disease
(197 times)
Metabolism
(17 times)
ERT (33 times)
GAA (33 times)
MVNP (12 times)
1984 Extramammary Paget's disease. Arising in knee region in association with sweat gland carcinoma.
21  pancreatic duct
(197 times)
Gastroenterology
(107 times)
ERCP (47 times)
CBD (36 times)
EUS (28 times)
1980 Intraluminal pressure recording from the human sphincter of Oddi.
22  primary dysmenorrhea
(186 times)
Complementary Therapies
(61 times)
VAS (32 times)
RCTs (17 times)
PGF2 alpha (14 times)
1990 Prostaglandins: PGF2 alpha, PGE2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TXB2 serum levels in dysmenorrheic adolescents before, during and after treatment with oral contraceptives.
23  periodontitis
(168 times)
Dentistry
(52 times)
RA (42 times)
CI (9 times)
CRP (9 times)
1982 Blastogenic response of human lymphocytes to antigens of Rothia dentocariosa.
24  pupil diameter
(167 times)
Ophthalmology
(95 times)
IOP (46 times)
ACD (45 times)
CCT (22 times)
1981 Steric structure activity relationships of various adrenergic agonists: ocular and systemic effects.
25  photodetector
(154 times)
Ophthalmology
(68 times)
UV (19 times)
NIR (13 times)
RF (7 times)
1999 Photodetection of early human bladder cancer based on the fluorescence of 5-aminolaevulinic acid hexylester-induced protoporphyrin IX: a pilot study.
26  population doublings
(153 times)
Cell Biology
(36 times)
MSCs (12 times)
hTERT (7 times)
BM (5 times)
1979 Maturation of rabbit auricular chondrocytes grown in vitro in monolayer culture.
27  phylogenetic diversity
(148 times)
Biology
(40 times)
FD (18 times)
OTUs (8 times)
SR (8 times)
2003 Global patterns in peatmoss biodiversity.
28  power of discrimination
(136 times)
Jurisprudence
(75 times)
PE (58 times)
PIC (50 times)
STR (28 times)
1993 Visual and spatial trials paired in a new behavioral procedure: effects of benactyzine.
29  programmed cell death
(132 times)
Neoplasms
(43 times)
PD-L1 (22 times)
NSCLC (15 times)
CTLA (12 times)
2006 The road to recovery: translating PD-1 biology into clinical benefit.
30  patient-days
(123 times)
Communicable Diseases
(39 times)
DOT (27 times)
DDD (19 times)
MRSA (12 times)
1985 Infant outcome, fetal growth, and pregnancy care: relationships in Indonesian university obstetrics.
31  program director
(123 times)
General Surgery
(28 times)
ACGME (13 times)
EM (12 times)
GS (6 times)
2001 Training general surgery residents in pediatric surgery: A Canadian survey.
32  Pierce's disease
(119 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
AD (24 times)
Xf (13 times)
CVC (8 times)
1982 Differential diagnosis of presenile dementia on clinical grounds.
33  pneumatic dilation
(119 times)
Gastroenterology
(73 times)
POEM (30 times)
LHM (24 times)
HM (17 times)
1986 Achalasia of the esophagus. Treatment controversies and the method of choice.
34  disease progression
(115 times)
Neoplasms
(83 times)
OS (33 times)
PFS (32 times)
SD (32 times)
1988 Hypouricemia and urate excretion in small cell lung carcinoma patients with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis.
35  Polydatin
(115 times)
Cell Biology
(21 times)
ROS (18 times)
MDA (10 times)
LPS (9 times)
2002 Protective effects of polydatin against CCl(4)-induced injury to primarily cultured rat hepatocytes.
36  pancreas disease
(113 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(53 times)
SAV (48 times)
HSMI (10 times)
SAV3 (10 times)
1988 Prevalence of microangiopathic complications in hyperglycemia secondary to pancreatic disease.
37  perfusion density
(111 times)
Ophthalmology
(60 times)
OCTA (77 times)
VD (57 times)
FAZ (36 times)
2017 Repeatability and Reproducibility of Superficial Macular Retinal Vessel Density Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography En Face Images.
38  pars distalis
(105 times)
Endocrinology
(57 times)
PT (44 times)
PI (31 times)
ACTH (9 times)
1976 In vitro release of ACTH from dispersed rat pars intermedia cells. II. Effect of neurotransmitter substances.
39  proximodistal
(103 times)
Biology
(50 times)
AP (36 times)
DV (15 times)
Wg (14 times)
1984 Retinoic-acid-induced pattern completion in regenerating double anterior limbs of urodeles.
40  poorly differentiated
(97 times)
Neoplasms
(34 times)
WD (43 times)
MD (39 times)
HCC (7 times)
1982 Wilms' tumor: histologic grading as a prognostic factor in tumors beyond 10cm in diameter.
41  Prisoner's Dilemma
(92 times)
Biology
(28 times)
SD (3 times)
TFT (3 times)
BD (2 times)
1990 An ESS-analysis for ensembles of prisoner's dilemma strategies.
42  partial discharge
(86 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(56 times)
UHF (18 times)
GIS (12 times)
HV (11 times)
2006 Phased-ultrasonic receiving-planar array transducer for partial discharge location in transformer.
43  pyloric dilator
(82 times)
Neurology
(67 times)
LP (44 times)
AB (29 times)
STG (26 times)
1980 Pharmacological dissection of pyloric network of the lobster stomatogastric ganglion using picrotoxin.
44  polydopamine
(79 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(21 times)
hMSCs (5 times)
SEM (5 times)
NPs (4 times)
2009 The contribution of plasmid design and release to in vivo gene expression following delivery from cationic polymer modified scaffolds.
45  Platycodin D
(77 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
PG (7 times)
PE (5 times)
MDA (4 times)
2004 Platycodin D and D3 isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum modulate the production of nitric oxide and secretion of TNF-alpha in activated RAW 264.7 cells.
46  photodiode
(75 times)
Ophthalmology
(31 times)
LED (12 times)
LEDs (5 times)
NIR (5 times)
2001 Determination of low-level mercury based on a renewable-drops sensing technique.
47  pancreas divisum
(70 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
ERCP (27 times)
MRCP (11 times)
CP (10 times)
1989 Computed tomography findings in pancreas divisum.
48  proportional-derivative
(69 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(32 times)
FES (10 times)
PID (8 times)
DOF (4 times)
1995 A 'tachometer' feedback model of smooth pursuit eye movements.
49  prediabetes
(67 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
T2D (17 times)
NGT (12 times)
IFG (6 times)
2009 Community-based population data indicates the significant alterations of insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and urine ACR in IFG combined IGT group among prediabetic population.
50  percutaneous drainage
(62 times)
General Surgery
(28 times)
CT (7 times)
CI (5 times)
ED (5 times)
1986 Operative vs percutaneous drainage of intra-abdominal abscesses. Comparison of morbidity and mortality.
51  power density
(62 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
ED (13 times)
SAR (6 times)
CE (4 times)
1979 [Effects of injurying and restoring the body of rats with microwave (2400 MHz) irradiation].
52  prednisolone
(62 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
TNBS (5 times)
CS (4 times)
GP (4 times)
1979 Synergism between subthreshold doses of phenylbutazone and prednisolone in rat hind-paw carrageenan edema.
53  percent density
(60 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
BMI (9 times)
DA (8 times)
BV (7 times)
2000 An investigation of the effects of mammographic acquisition parameters on a semiautomated quantitative measure of breast cancer risk.
54  professional development
(57 times)
Education
(14 times)
GTAs (3 times)
TAs (3 times)
DBDM (2 times)
2001 The continuing professional development of the Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists and the Canadian Academy of Clinical Biochemists.
55  prenatal diagnosis
(55 times)
Obstetrics
(19 times)
CF (8 times)
CVS (4 times)
HD (3 times)
1988 HLA-A,B,C,DR typing and 17-OHP determination for second trimester prenatal diagnosis of 21-hydroxylase deficient CAH.
56  purine derivatives
(55 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(34 times)
DM (13 times)
CP (6 times)
NDF (6 times)
1992 The effect of feed intake and body weight on purine derivative excretion and microbial protein supply in sheep.
57  perfusion defect
(54 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
CAD (8 times)
PE (5 times)
SPECT (5 times)
1990 [Is emergency angioplasty following successful thrombolysis more effective than thrombolysis alone in acute myocardial infarction?].
58  postpartum depression
(54 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
EPDS (16 times)
CI (4 times)
OR (4 times)
1995 [Impact of placental hormone withdrawal on postpartum depression].
59  pyridostigmine
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
GH (30 times)
GHRH (26 times)
AUC (6 times)
1987 Enhancement of cholinergic tone by pyridostigmine promotes both basal and growth hormone (GH)-releasing hormone-induced GH secretion in children of short stature.
60  participatory design
(53 times)
Medical Informatics
(21 times)
HIT (4 times)
UCD (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2003 Design and introduction of an electronic patient record: how to involve users?
61  purging disorder
(51 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(25 times)
BN (37 times)
BED (20 times)
AN (14 times)
2005 Purging disorder: an ominous variant of bulimia nervosa?
62  pulmonary disease
(50 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
NTM (20 times)
MAC (16 times)
GPL (3 times)
2004 Reduced readmission rate for alternating diagnoses of heart failure and pulmonary disease after implementation of B-type natriuretic peptide testing.
63  persistent diarrhea
(47 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
AD (8 times)
ICDDR,B (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1991 Recurrent and persistent diarrhoea in a rural Zimbabwean community: a prospective study.
64  parkinsonism-dementia
(43 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
ALS (36 times)
Al (3 times)
Ca (3 times)
1975 RNA-instructed DNA polymerase activity in a cytoplasmic particulate fraction in brains from Guamanian patients.
65  packing density
(42 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CFD (3 times)
AO (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1997 Soil forming and plant density effects on carrot yield and internal quality.
66  preterm delivery
(42 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
SGA (13 times)
LBW (8 times)
OR (5 times)
1982 Spontaneous preterm delivery in pregnant diabetics: a high risk hitherto "unrecognized".
67  phosphodiester
(41 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
Pi (5 times)
TLR9 (5 times)
1978 Activity of adenylate cyclase and phospodiesterase in the pituitary and thyroid during postnatal period in rats.
68  prescribed dose
(41 times)
Radiotherapy
(24 times)
CT (7 times)
PTV (6 times)
APBI (5 times)
1999 Treatment plan evaluation using dose-volume histogram (DVH) and spatial dose-volume histogram (zDVH).
69  prescription dose
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CI (6 times)
HI (5 times)
PTV (4 times)
2000 The combined use of the natural and the cumulative dose-volume histograms in planning and evaluation of permanent prostatic seed implants.
70  paired domain
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
HD (28 times)
OP (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
1994 Pax-3-DNA interaction: flexibility in the DNA binding and induction of DNA conformational changes by paired domains.
71  pattern deviation
(39 times)
Ophthalmology
(30 times)
TD (19 times)
MD (13 times)
PSD (11 times)
1995 Diffuse and localised visual field defects to automated perimetry in primary open angle glaucoma.
72  positive deviance
(39 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
HAIs (3 times)
SC (3 times)
ND (2 times)
2002 Sustained positive deviant child care practices and their effects on child growth in Viet Nam.
73  pulsed Doppler
(39 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LV (9 times)
MPI (6 times)
TDI (6 times)
1985 Noninvasive Doppler determination of cardiac output during submaximal and peak exercise.
74  pupillary diameter
(38 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
IOP (11 times)
ACD (6 times)
CCT (5 times)
1979 Chronic degeneration of aminergic nerve endings and blood-aqueous barrier.
75  programmed cell death protein
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
PD-L1 (6 times)
CTLA (4 times)
HCC (4 times)
2015 Differential potency of regulatory T cell-mediated immunosuppression in kidney tumors compared to subcutaneous tumors.
76  partial denitrification
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
NTR (11 times)
TN (4 times)
EPS (3 times)
2011 Partial and complete denitrification in Thermus thermophilus: lessons from genome drafts.
77  physical disabilities
(35 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
ID (4 times)
QoL (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
2004 Evaluating a Medicaid home and community-based physical disability waiver.
78  postoperative delirium
(35 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
OR (10 times)
CI (4 times)
SAVR (4 times)
2008 The incidence and risk factors associated with postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing surgery for suspected gynecologic malignancies.
79  Prolidase deficiency
(35 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
dal (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
Pro (2 times)
1994 Prolidase deficiency: biochemical study of erythrocyte and skin fibroblast prolidase activity in Italian patients.
80  protein deposition
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
ISS (8 times)
SID (8 times)
BW (7 times)
1998 The effect of body weight on the upper limit to protein deposition in a defined population of growing gilts.
81  population density
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
GDP (5 times)
LN (3 times)
SR (3 times)
1991 Lung cancer's persistent association with population density in Los Angeles County communities.
82  peritoneal drainage
(33 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
NEC (14 times)
LAP (12 times)
ELBW (6 times)
1999 The role of peritoneal drainage for intestinal perforation in infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis.
83  phosphate depletion
(33 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PW (8 times)
Ca (3 times)
NE (2 times)
1977 Renal cell metabolism in phosphate depletion: adenine nucleotide metabolism and gluconeogenesis.
84  psychotic depression
(32 times)
Psychiatry
(25 times)
NPD (7 times)
PDAS (6 times)
non-PD (5 times)
1997 Distinguishing psychotic depression from melancholia.
85  pulse duration
(32 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
PRF (11 times)
ECAP (4 times)
IPG (3 times)
1995 Volitional control of anticipatory ocular pursuit responses under stabilised image conditions in humans.
86  peritoneal dissemination
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
GC (12 times)
EMT (4 times)
CEA (3 times)
1989 [Continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with cisplatin and mitomycin C for peritoneal dissemination in gastric cancer].
87  phase difference
(30 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
dCA (10 times)
MCA (4 times)
CD (3 times)
1980 Non-invasive lung function tests in rats with progressive papain-induced emphysema.
88  posterior deltoid
(30 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
EMG (13 times)
BB (11 times)
AD (10 times)
1990 Arm muscle activation for static forces in three-dimensional space.
89  peripheral dose
(29 times)
Radiotherapy
(11 times)
IMRT (6 times)
MLC (5 times)
AAPM TG-36 (2 times)
1983 Peripheral dose from megavolt beams.
90  prevalence difference
(29 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
CI (12 times)
PR (6 times)
ADHD (2 times)
2004 Physical, mental and social factors associated with frequent attendance in Danish general practice. A population-based cross-sectional study.
91  protein-deficient
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PS (7 times)
ALP (2 times)
Malt1 (2 times)
1983 Impairment of macrophage migration inhibitory factor synthesis and macrophage migration in protein-malnourished mice.
92  1,2-propanediol
(27 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
EG (5 times)
BD (2 times)
CPA (2 times)
1976 Effects of 1,3-butanediol and 1,2-propanediol on growth, blood metabolites, and liver glycogen broiler chickens.
93  percentage difference
(27 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
RF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
DOAS (2 times)
1985 Monitoring drug noncompliance in epileptic patients: assessing phenobarbital plasma levels.
94  pneumococcal disease
(27 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
PCV (5 times)
IPD (4 times)
AEs (3 times)
2004 Pneumococcal infections in HIV infected adults--clinical features, reasons behind the association and future hopes for prevention.
95  Pilonidal disease
(26 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
EPSiT (3 times)
QoL (2 times)
SSI (2 times)
1996 Treatment of chronic pilonidal disease.
96  predilatation
(26 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
DS (8 times)
TAVI (4 times)
TAVR (4 times)
2003 Direct stenting may limit myocardial injury during percutaneous coronary intervention.
97  PD group
(25 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
HD (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1996 Cardiovascular and metabolic responses to upper- and lower-extremity exercise in men with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
98  photodarkening
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
PB (6 times)
NIR (3 times)
LD (2 times)
2008 Photodarkening rate in Yb-doped silica fibers.
99  progressed
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PR (16 times)
SD (13 times)
CR (12 times)
1992 Treatment with alpha-interferon versus alpha-interferon in combination with streptozocin and doxorubicin in patients with malignant carcinoid tumors: a randomized trial.
100  pore domain
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
VSD (16 times)
VSDs (4 times)
VGIC (3 times)
2008 Structural dynamics of an isolated voltage-sensor domain in a lipid bilayer.