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Abbreviation: PEN
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
penicillin
(87 times)
Microbiology
(22 times)
TET (15 times)
ERY (14 times)
AMP (13 times)
1976 [Study on the antibacterial activity of penicillins and cephalosporines in urine (author's transl)].
polyethylene naphthalate
(58 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
PET (10 times)
ITO (4 times)
AZO (3 times)
2005 Laser pressure catapulting followed by B actin gene identification in Japanese quail macrochromosomes and microchromosomes using teflon-coated coverslip slides.
pentosidine
(32 times)
Metabolism
(12 times)
BMD (7 times)
PYD (7 times)
AGEs (6 times)
1995 Direct measurement of crosslinks, pyridinoline, deoxypyridinoline, and pentosidine, in the hydrolysate of tissues using high-performance liquid chromatography.
penetratin
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
BBB (4 times)
CPP (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1991 Analyses of preventable deaths by mechanism of injury among 13,500 trauma admissions.
partial enteral nutrition
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CD (8 times)
EEN (7 times)
CDED (3 times)
1996 Low-dose enteral feeding is beneficial during total parenteral nutrition.
Palisaded encapsulated neuroma
(22 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
NF (3 times)
EMA (2 times)
GCT (2 times)
1990 Immunohistochemical characterization of palisaded, encapsulated neuroma.
pentacene
(18 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
PFP (8 times)
CT (3 times)
AFM (1 time)
2007 Optical properties of pentacene and perfluoropentacene thin films.
penconazole
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
TEB (3 times)
PRO (2 times)
BSAF (1 time)
2014 Penconazole induced changes in photosynthesis, ion acquisition and protein profile of Mentha pulegium L. under drought stress.
D-penicillamine
(13 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
DDC (2 times)
DMSA (2 times)
EDTA (2 times)
1979 Inhibitory effects of gold and other drugs on mononuclear cell responses: a comparison.
10  Package of Essential Noncommunicable
(11 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
NCDs (5 times)
WHO (4 times)
BHUs (1 time)
2014 Is diabetes and hypertension screening worthwhile in resource-limited settings? An economic evaluation based on a pilot of a Package of Essential Non-communicable disease interventions in Bhutan.
11  pain-excitation neurons
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PIN (7 times)
Pf (4 times)
i.c.v (2 times)
1984 The simultaneous discharges of two neurons in N. Pf and RF and the influences on them by stimulating central gray matter.
12  pain-excited neurons
(10 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PIN (7 times)
ACh (4 times)
ID (3 times)
1989 Effect of intracerebroventricular injection of thyrotropin-releasing hormone on the nociceptive discharges in mesencephalic reticular formation in the rat.
13  pancreatic endocrine neoplasm
(10 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
FNA (3 times)
EUS-FNA (2 times)
IPMN (2 times)
2005 Pancreatic endocrine neoplasm can mimic serous cystadenoma.
14  Percutaneous epidural neuroplasty
(10 times)
Psychophysiology
(6 times)
VAS (8 times)
MRI (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
2014 Does improvement in epidurography following percutaneous epidural neuroplasty correspond to patient outcome?
15  polyarylene ether nitrile
(7 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
SEM (4 times)
TEM (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
2017 Ca2+ Induced Crosslinking of AIE-Active Polyarylene Ether Nitrile into Fluorescent Polymeric Nanoparticles for Cellular Bioimaging.
16  penclomedine
(5 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(4 times)
DM-PEN (3 times)
DMPEN (1 time)
i.c (1 time)
1995 Biochemical pharmacology of penclomedine (NSC-338720).
17  pentobarbital
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
PRO (2 times)
CINC-2 (1 time)
Fos protein-LI (1 time)
1980 Extrapulmonary effects of NO2 as reflected by pentobarbital-induced sleeping time in mice.
18  percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
AP (2 times)
IPN (2 times)
CR-POPF (1 time)
2014 Single or multiport percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy performed with the patient under conscious sedation is a safe and effective treatment for infected pancreatic necrosis (with video).
19  prehospital emergency nurse
(5 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
CS (1 time)
EMSs (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2012 Prehospital Emergency Nursing students' experiences of learning during prehospital clinical placements.
20  Package for Essential Non-Communicable Disease Interventions
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
WHO (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
2018 Implications of scaling up cardiovascular disease treatment in South Africa: a microsimulation and cost-effectiveness analysis.
21  parenteral and enteral nutrition
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ASPEN (1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
ESPEN (1 time)
1986 Total parenteral nutrition catheter sepsis: impact of the team approach.
22  penaeidin
(4 times)
Zoology
(4 times)
proPO (3 times)
LYZ (2 times)
TGase (2 times)
2007 Expression of immune-related genes in larval stages of the giant tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon.
23  perseverative errors of the Nelson type
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CA (4 times)
WCST (4 times)
DMS (1 time)
2001 Impaired novelty P3 potentials in multiple system atrophy--correlation with orthostatic hypotension.
24  plant effective number
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BCF (3 times)
TF (3 times)
2018 In situ phytoremediation characterization of heavy metals promoted by Hydrocotyle ranunculoides at Santa Barbara stream, an anthropogenic polluted site in southern of Brazil.
25  Practice-based Evidence in Nutrition
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EBP (1 time)
KTT (1 time)
NCCMT (1 time)
2011 Developing an interview guide to evaluate practice-based evidence in nutrition: use of the delphi technique.
26  Pentamidine
(3 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
NBDs (1 time)
2003 Functional genetic identification of PRP1, an ABC transporter superfamily member conferring pentamidine resistance in Leishmania major.
27  porcine enzootic pneumonia
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BALT (3 times)
Mh (3 times)
IL (2 times)
2003 A morphologic and immunohistochemical study of the bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue of pigs naturally infected with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae.
28  positron-emitting nuclei
(3 times)
Technology, Radiologic
(2 times)
PET (1 time)
PG (1 time)
2012 Yields of positron and positron emitting nuclei for proton and carbon ion radiation therapy: a simulation study with GEANT4.
29  predisposing, enabling, and need
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CAM (2 times)
HIV (1 time)
2002 Use of specific dental treatment procedures by dentate adults during a 24-month period.
30  primary enuresis nocturna
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
EN (1 time)
OUAPs (1 time)
2009 Obstructive upper airway problems and primary enuresis nocturna relationship in pediatric patients: reciprocal study.
31  Psychoticism-Extraversion-Neuroticism
(3 times)
Biological Evolution
(1 time)
FFM (1 time)
1977 American and British data on a three dimensional assessment of personality in college students.
32  penicillin G procaine
(2 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
AMX (1 time)
MRL (1 time)
2017 Withdrawal of Amoxicillin and Penicillin G Procaine from Milk after Intramammary Administration in Dairy Cows with Mastitis.
33  pentalinonsterol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BMDCs (1 time)
OVA (1 time)
VL (1 time)
2016 A Novel Sterol Isolated from a Plant Used by Mayan Traditional Healers Is Effective in Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis Caused by Leishmania donovani.
34  penultimate contact
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GRF (2 times)
505mod (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2016 Braking characteristics during cutting and pivoting in female soccer players.
35  phase engineering of nanomaterials
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2020 Synthesis of Palladium-Based Crystalline@Amorphous Core-Shell Nanoplates for Highly Efficient Ethanol Oxidation.
36  pigmented epidermal nevus
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
COPV (1 time)
2000 Molecular characteristics of cutaneous papillomavirus from the canine pigmented epidermal nevus.
37  prednisone, oral etoposide, and novantrone
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
NHL's (1 time)
WF (1 time)
1995 A phase II trial of prednisone, oral etoposide, and novantrone (PEN) as initial treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in elderly patients.
38  primary extranodal
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
DLBCL (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
PN (2 times)
2011 Biological characterization of nodal versus extranodal presentation of diffuse large B-Cell lymphoma using immunohistochemistry.
39  beta-phenylethylamine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MAO-B (1 time)
1979 Effects of the oestrous cycle and exogenous ovarian steroids on metabolism of beta-phenylethylamine in rat lung.
40  cell-penetrating peptides, penetratin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Translocation of liposomes into cancer cells by cell-penetrating peptides penetratin and tat: a kinetic and efficacy study.
41  Palisaded encapsulated neuroma of the skin
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Palisaded encapsulated neuroma (solitary circumscribed neuroma of skin) of the eyelid: report of two cases and review of the literature.
42  pancreatic endocrine tumor
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
EUS-FNA (1 time)
SPN (1 time)
2012 Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm: three case reports with review of literature.
43  paper, N-isopropylacrylamide-modified polyethylenimine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 N-Isopropylacrylamide-modified polyethylenimine-mediated p53 gene delivery to prevent the proliferation of cancer cells.
44  partial EN
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
EEN (1 time)
2018 Treatment of Active Crohn's Disease with Exclusive and Partial Enteral Nutrition: A Pilot Study in Adults.
45  patients consisted of acylaminopenicillin
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AMG (1 time)
CepH (1 time)
1994 Interventional antimicrobial therapy in febrile neutropenic patients. Study Group of the Paul Ehrlich Society for Chemotherapy.
46  PEN group
(1 time)
Pain Management
(1 time)
SELD (2 times)
HLD (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2019 Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Trans-Sacral Epiduroscopic Laser Decompression Compared to Percutaneous Epidural Neuroplasty.
47  PEN Personality Inventory
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HAS (1 time)
TMAS (1 time)
WPRS (1 time)
1977 Effect of a new benzodiazepine derivate, clobazam, in anxious patients with gastrointestinal disorders.
48  pen scores
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CHUTE (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EV (1 time)
2006 Technical note: Exit velocity as a measure of cattle temperament is repeatable and associated with serum concentration of cortisol in Brahman bulls.
49  penbutolol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1976 Long term treatment of moderate hypertension with penbutolol (Hoe 893d). II. Effect on the response of plasma catecholamines and plasma renin activity to insulin-induced hypoglycemia.
50  pendrine
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GCM-1 (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
hGC (1 time)
2015 Iodine Affects Differentiation and Migration Process in Trophoblastic Cells.
51  Pendulum
(1 time)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
CHG (1 time)
2011 The effects of the pendulum distalising appliance and cervical headgear on the dentofacial structures.
52  penetrating type of early gastric cancer
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
EGF (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
1992 Immunohistochemical study of epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta in the penetrating type of early gastric cancer.
53  penetration deficient
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
NHR (1 time)
pss (1 time)
2012 Arabidopsis nonhost resistance gene PSS1 confers immunity against an oomycete and a fungal pathogen but not a bacterial pathogen that cause diseases in soybean.
54  peniocerol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MPT (1 time)
2013 Mitochondrial permeability transition as target of anticancer drugs.
55  penlight
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
app (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2016 Assessment of pupillary light reflex using a smartphone application.
56  pennation
(1 time)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
DJ (1 time)
2011 Influence of muscle-tendon unit structure on rate of force development during the squat, countermovement, and drop jumps.
57  penned
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
COS (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
1991 Influence of suckling and continuous cow-calf association on the resumption of post-partum ovarian function in Bos indicus cows monitored by plasma progesterone profiles.
58  Penner's serotypes
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
LPSs (1 time)
1994 Penner's serotype 4 of Campylobacter jejuni has a lipopolysaccharide that bears a GM1 ganglioside epitope as well as one that bears a GD1 a epitope.
59  pentacainiumchloride
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
HEP (1 time)
2013 [Study of local anaesthetics - part 200 choice of the optimal type of chitosan for the formulation of local anaesthetics of the carbamate type into hydrogels].
60  pentamidine isethionate
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
NTPDase (1 time)
NTPDase 1 (1 time)
2019 Leishmania infantum amastigote nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (NTPDase 1): Its inhibition as a new insight into mode of action of pentamidine.
61  pentazocine
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
BUP (1 time)
COCA (1 time)
2001 Stress-related behavioral alterations accompanying cocaine toxicity: the effects of mixed opioid drugs.
62  pentazocine lactate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MEP (1 time)
MET (1 time)
MOR (1 time)
1982 Motility response of rats to chronic constant-dose treatment with narcotics.
63  pentobarbital sodium
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2011 Hepatic steatosis prevents heme oxygenase-1 induction by isoflurane in the rat liver.
64  pentolinium
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
GLU (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2008 Neuronal source of plasma dopamine.
65  pentothal
(1 time)
Laboratory Animal Science
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
LH (1 time)
TKX (1 time)
2008 Effects of two different anaesthetics on serum concentrations of cortisol and luteinizing hormone in barrows and gilts.
66  pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
EE (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2020 Increased Seizure Susceptibility for Rats Subject to Early Life Hypoxia Might Be Associated with Brain Dysfunction of NRG1-ErbB4 Signaling in Parvalbumin Interneurons.
67  penultimate
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
1-FFT (1 time)
1-SST (1 time)
6-SFT (1 time)
2018 Accumulation of water-soluble carbohydrates and gene expression in wheat stems correlates with drought resistance.
68  penultimate foot contact
(1 time)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
CODS (1 time)
ES (1 time)
FINAL (1 time)
2016 Mechanical Determinants of Faster Change of Direction Speed Performance in Male Athletes.
69  Penumbra
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MER (1 time)
SOL (1 time)
2013 Mechanical thrombectomy devices for endovascular management of acute ischemic stroke: Duke stroke center experience.
70  perception evolution network
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
--- 2015 Perception Evolution Network Based on Cognition Deepening Model--Adapting to the Emergence of New Sensory Receptor.
71  percolation extract of N. tazetta
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HDFs (1 time)
TPM (1 time)
2018 Proliferation and In Vitro Wound Healing Effects of the Microniosomes Containing Narcissus tazetta L. Bulb Extract on Primary Human Fibroblasts (HDFs).
72  percutaneous flexible endoscopic necrosectomy
(1 time)
Endoscopy, Digestive System
(1 time)
--- 2019 Percutaneous debridement and washout of walled-off abdominalabscess and necrosis by the use of flexible endoscopy:an attractive clinical option when transluminal approaches are unsafe or not possible.
73  periengraftment period
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
PSCT (1 time)
1995 Engraftment syndrome in autologous bone marrow and peripheral stem cell transplantation.
74  Periesophageal nerve
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
LET (1 time)
PVI (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of periesophageal nerve injury after pulmonary vein isolation using the (13)C-acetate breath test.
75  periportal edema and necrosis
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IgM (1 time)
RAI (1 time)
2006 Acute humoral rejection and C4d immunostaining in ABO blood type-incompatible liver transplantation.
76  peritoneally exudated neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PBN (1 time)
1995 In vivo regulation of rat neutrophil apoptosis occurring spontaneously or induced with TNF-alpha or cycloheximide.
77  periventricular hypothalamic nucleus
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2008 Molecular mechanism of effect of rotating constant magnetic field on organisms.
78  Periventricular Nucleus
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PVN (1 time)
SCN (1 time)
SON (1 time)
2003 [Influence of magnetic field on nitric oxide in hypothalamus and its relation to hypothalamic neuroendocrine nuclei].
79  permutation entropy
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CV (1 time)
DLKSRN (1 time)
2021 Deep Layer Kernel Sparse Representation Network for the Detection of Heart Valve Ailments from the Time-Frequency Representation of PCG Recordings.
80  Peroneal nerve entrapment neuropathy
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Clinical feathers and treatment of peroneal nerve entrapment neuropathy].
81  pharyngoesophageal nerve
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
EECR (1 time)
2019 Characterization and mechanism of the esophago-esophageal contractile reflex of the striated muscle esophagus.
82  phenoxymethylpenicillin
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DU (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
1993 Prevention of duodenal ulcer recurrence with penicillin. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
83  phenyleneethynylene derivatives
(1 time)
Photochemistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
IL (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2013 Photoinduced charge-transfer dynamics of sequentially aligned donor-acceptor systems in an ionic liquid.
84  Photoacoustic ejection from a nozzle
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Photoacoustic ejection from a nozzle (PEN) for drop-on-demand ink jet printing.
85  pilot study, we evaluated the efficacy of benzylpenicillin
(1 time)
BRD (1 time)
FLO (1 time)
OTC (1 time)
2020 A Pilot Study in Sweden on Efficacy of Benzylpenicillin, Oxytetracycline, and Florfenicol in Treatment of Acute Undifferentiated Respiratory Disease in Calves.
86  poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate)
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
PET (1 time)
UVRRS (1 time)
2003 Surface-sensitive molecular information on polymers from UV-resonance Raman spectroscopy.
87  polyethylenimines
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
OPG (1 time)
RANKL (1 time)
2016 [Effect of MT01/PEN complexes on the expression of osteoprotegerin and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand in human osteoblast-like cell line MG63].
88  polymerase-nickase-exonuclease
(1 time)
Synthetic Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Automated design of programmable enzyme-driven DNA circuits.
89  porokeratotic eccrine nevus
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
Cx26 (1 time)
KID (1 time)
2012 Porokeratotic eccrine nevus may be caused by somatic connexin26 mutations.
90  pose-and-expression-normalized
(1 time)
Pattern Recognition, Automated
(1 time)
--- 2018 Joint Face Alignment and 3D Face Reconstruction with Application to Face Recognition.
91  Positive to examined node
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
NCCN (1 time)
2016 Extent of Lymphadenectomy Is Associated With Improved Overall Survival After Esophagectomy With or Without InductionTherapy.
92  post-extraction normalisation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ff (1 time)
2020 An assessment of aluminum and iron in normalisation and enrichment procedures for environmental assessment of marine sediment.
93  postpyloric enteral nutrition
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2008 Postpyloric enteral nutrition in the critically ill child with shock: a prospective observational study.
94  Poverty Environment Network
(1 time)
--- 2014 Environmental Income and Rural Livelihoods: A Global-Comparative Analysis.
95  prediction error negativity
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
VR (1 time)
2020 The impact of hand movement velocity on cognitive conflict processing in a 3D object selection task in virtual reality.
96  prenatal exposure to nicotine
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
2012 Effect of prenatal exposure to nicotine on kidney glomerular mass and AT1R expression in genetically diverse strains of rats.
97  Prisoner Exposure to Nature
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
NEI (1 time)
NES (1 time)
2019 Prisoner exposure to nature: Benefits for wellbeing and citizenship.
98  Professional Excellence in Nursing
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1993 Retention can be improved!
99  profile encoding
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SENSE (1 time)
2014 Slab profile encoding (PEN) for minimizing slab boundary artifact in three-dimensional diffusion-weighted multislab acquisition.
100  progressive essential hypertension
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
--- 1990 [The indications for the suppression of adrenal hyperfunction in a progressive course of hypertension].