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Abbreviation: PER
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
protein efficiency ratio
(252 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(136 times)
NPR (47 times)
FCR (42 times)
NPU (33 times)
1962 Influence of rat strain and protein level on protein efficiency ratio (PER) determination.
PERIOD
(156 times)
Physiology
(25 times)
TIM (46 times)
CRY (34 times)
dbt (18 times)
1996 Circadian clock neurons in the silkmoth Antheraea pernyi: novel mechanisms of Period protein regulation.
peak ejection rate
(91 times)
Cardiology
(31 times)
PFR (80 times)
EF (40 times)
LV (36 times)
1979 Left-ventricular peak ejection rate, filling rate, and ejection fraction--frame rate requirements at rest and exercise: concise communication.
proboscis extension response
(76 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
CS (2 times)
LTM (2 times)
US (2 times)
1993 Effects of ageing on visual discrimination learning in Drosophila melanogaster.
proboscis extension reflex
(70 times)
Biology
(19 times)
MBs (3 times)
CS (2 times)
ITI (2 times)
1986 Muscle degeneration in the posteclosional development of a Drosophila mutant, abnormal proboscis extension reflex C (aperC).
Perampanel
(51 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
AEDs (8 times)
AED (7 times)
AMPA (7 times)
2013 Clinical efficacy and safety of the newer antiepileptic drugs as adjunctive treatment in adults with refractory partial-onset epilepsy: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials.
persistent allergic rhinitis
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
VAS (7 times)
OR (4 times)
AR (3 times)
2006 Levocetirizine improves health-related quality of life and health status in persistent allergic rhinitis.
polarization extinction ratio
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
MOPA (5 times)
PM (4 times)
FDTD (2 times)
2008 Efficient excitations of radially and azimuthally polarized Nd3+:YAG ceramic microchip laser by use of subwavelength multilayer concentric gratings composed of Nb2O5/SiO2.
psychiatric emergency room
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
OR (3 times)
ACT (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
1996 Acute asthma: treatment and outcome of 2000 consecutive pediatric emergency room visits in Doha, Qatar.
10  perchloroethylene
(22 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
TRI (5 times)
TCA (4 times)
TCE (4 times)
1977 Damage to hepatic cellular membranes by chlorinated olefins with emphasis on synergism and antagonism.
11  permethrin
(21 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
PB (9 times)
GW (8 times)
GWI (8 times)
1993 Effects of selected neuroactive chemicals on calcium transporting systems in rat cerebellum and on survival of cerebellar granule cells.
12  potential ecological risk
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
PLI (8 times)
EF (6 times)
CF (3 times)
2012 [Regional distribution and ecological risk evaluation of heavy metals in surface sediments from coastal wetlands of the Yellow River Delta].
13  pronation external rotation
(20 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
SER (8 times)
AOFAS (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2003 Position of the distal fibular fragment in pronation and supination ankle fractures: a CT evaluation.
14  peroxidase
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SOD (7 times)
CAT (4 times)
AP (3 times)
1983 Enzymes involved in oxygen detoxification during development of Drosophila melanogaster.
15  perindopril
(18 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
IND (5 times)
ACE (4 times)
CAP (4 times)
1988 [Direct cardiac effects of angiotensins I and II and 2 converting enzyme inhibitors (captopril and perindopril). Indirect demonstration of a converting enzyme in the rat heart].
16  period protein
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
dbt (3 times)
per (3 times)
CKI (2 times)
1994 Block in nuclear localization of period protein by a second clock mutation, timeless.
17  perirhinal cortex
(17 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
POR (4 times)
PFC (3 times)
LEC (2 times)
1999 Perirhinal cortex input to the hippocampus in the rat: evidence for parallel pathways, both direct and indirect. A combined physiological and anatomical study.
18  perirhinal
(13 times)
Brain
(8 times)
POR (8 times)
LEA and MEA (2 times)
EC (1 time)
2000 Differential distribution of barrel or visual cortex. Evoked responses along the rostro-caudal axis of the peri- and postrhinal cortices.
19  packet error rate
(10 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
WBANs (3 times)
EE (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2009 Adjacency matrix-based transmit power allocation strategies in wireless sensor networks.
20  per protein
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
per (8 times)
tim (4 times)
LD (1 time)
1992 The period gene encodes a predominantly nuclear protein in adult Drosophila.
21  peripheral
(10 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
POR (3 times)
CALR (2 times)
Ao (1 time)
1987 The benefits of Isolator cultures in the management of suspected catheter sepsis.
22  player efficiency rating
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
NBA (10 times)
BMI (4 times)
RTP (2 times)
2009 Outcomes of microfracture in professional basketball players.
23  peroneus longus
(9 times)
Athletic Injuries
(2 times)
SOL (6 times)
EDL (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1996 Developmental adaptation of withdrawal reflexes to early alteration of peripheral innervation in the rat.
24  persistent AR
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AR (9 times)
QOL (3 times)
AZE (2 times)
2005 Management of persistent allergic rhinitis: evidence-based treatment with levocetirizine.
25  protein-energy restriction
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ER (4 times)
AL (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
2002 Maternal protein-and-energy restriction reduces the developmental toxicity of cyclophosphamide and hydroxyurea in rats.
26  perilla oil
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
SAF (7 times)
BDNF (1 time)
BOR (1 time)
1997 Soybean protein lowers serum cholesterol levels in hamsters: effect of debittered undigested fraction.
27  protein-energy-restricted group
(7 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ER (5 times)
bFGF (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
2008 Maternal malnutrition during lactation reduces skull growth in weaned rat pups: experimental and morphometric investigation.
28  peak emptying rate
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PFR (5 times)
LV (4 times)
EF (2 times)
1984 Hemodynamics in borderline hypertension: acute effect of furosemide.
29  peak enhancement ratio
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
DCE-MRI (3 times)
TTP (3 times)
MT (2 times)
2006 Tumor infiltration of bone marrow in patients with hemato-logical malignancies: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
30  perphenazine
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AMI (1 time)
ART (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1980 Postnatal growth retardation in rats produced by the phenothiazine perphenazine.
31  photon energy recovery
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
SPECT (2 times)
AC (1 time)
NSD (1 time)
1998 Photon energy recovery: a method to improve the effective energy resolution of gamma cameras.
32  protein excretion rate
(6 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ACM (1 time)
ACR (1 time)
AER (1 time)
1998 Reduction of diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide in diabetic patients.
33  persistent
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AR (1 time)
ARIA (1 time)
FRL (1 time)
2009 Individual differences in personality traits reflect structural variance in specific brain regions.
34  pointwise exponential regression
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
VF (3 times)
MD (2 times)
PLR (2 times)
2012 Validation of point-wise exponential regression to measure the decay rates of glaucomatous visual fields.
35  progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
GAD (2 times)
SMS (2 times)
SPS (2 times)
2001 The stiff-man syndrome and related disorders.
36  percentage of extracellular release
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
RDOC (1 time)
1978 Extracellular release in Chlorella vulgaris culture and the role of bacteria accompanying - algae in this process.
37  perchlorate
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
TH (2 times)
ETU (1 time)
MOA (1 time)
2009 Perchlorate and ethylenethiourea induce different histological and molecular alterations in a non-mammalian vertebrate model of thyroid goitrogenesis.
38  photoenzymatic repair
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NER (3 times)
UVB (2 times)
6-4 PPs (1 time)
2000 Induction, distribution and repair of UV photodamage in the platyfish, Xiphophorus signum.
39  primary endoscopic realignment
(4 times)
Urology
(1 time)
SPT (3 times)
BMAU (2 times)
PFUIs (2 times)
2015 The case against primary endoscopic realignment of pelvic fracture urethral injuries.
40  primer extension reaction
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BAL (1 time)
cyt b (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2008 Authentication of meat from game and domestic species by SNaPshot minisequencing analysis.
41  perazine
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AT (2 times)
alpha 1-AGP (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1980 The contribution of alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, lipoproteins, and albumin to the plasma binding of perazine, amitriptyline, and nortriptyline in healthy man.
42  Perceptual Aberration
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
PhA (2 times)
CPPS (1 time)
1999 Two-year stability of Psychosis Proneness Scales and their relations to personality disorder traits.
43  Perfadex
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
EC (3 times)
CEL (1 time)
HTK (1 time)
2005 [Improvements in lung preservation: 3 years' experience with a low-potassium dextran solution].
44  peritonitis
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CPK (1 time)
LAP (1 time)
MAI (1 time)
1981 Changes in serum total creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and its isoenzymes caused by experimental ligation of the superior mesenteric artery.
45  peroneal
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ALV (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
CON (1 time)
1994 Long-chain predominant lipid emulsions inhibit in vitro macrophage tumor necrosis factor production.
46  peroneus longus and brevis
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AbH (3 times)
FDB (3 times)
FDL (3 times)
2014 Reliability of ultrasound for measurement of selected foot structures.
47  perospirone
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ARP (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
BEHAVE-AD (1 time)
2006 Efficacy of perospirone in the management of aggressive behavior associated with dementia.
48  protective efficacy rate
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
HBIG (1 time)
SR (1 time)
1988 Protective efficacy of plasma-derived hepatitis beta vaccine in preventing perinatal transmission of HBV infection in infants of HBsAg/HBeAg positive mothers.
49  paced evoked response
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1984 Class III action of beta-blocking agents.
50  partial electrical reset
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
ICRMDs (1 time)
2007 Effects of CT irradiation on implantable cardiac rhythm management devices.
51  peak-to-entrance ratio
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
IBA (1 time)
IP/CP (1 time)
IU (1 time)
2012 Beam characteristics in two different proton uniform scanning systems: a side-by-side comparison.
52  per-encoded protein
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
per (2 times)
1994 An ultrashort clock mutation at the period locus of Drosophila melanogaster that reveals some new features of the fly's circadian system.
53  peramivir
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LAN (2 times)
OC (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2015 Detection of peramivir and laninamivir, new anti-influenza drugs, in sewage effluent and river waters in Japan.
54  percentage of endothelial response
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
STZ (2 times)
ADIC (1 time)
MB (1 time)
1997 Antioxidant and triglyceride-lowering effects of vitamin E associated with the prevention of abnormalities in the reactivity and morphology of aorta from streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Antioxidants in Diabetes-Induced Complications (ADIC) Study Group.
55  Perceptual Aberration Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HPS (1 time)
MI (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
2001 Exploring the latent structure of the Perceptual Aberration, Magical Ideation, and Physical Anhedonia Scales in a German sample.
56  perfusion
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
CTRs (1 time)
2004 Incremental value of cardiac imaging in patients presenting to the emergency department with chest pain and without ST-segment elevation: a multicenter study.
57  pergolide
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
Br (1 time)
CB (1 time)
d-CYC (1 time)
2004 Usefulness of switching to cabergoline from other dopamine agonists in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease.
58  pericardia
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HVL (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ADSC (1 time)
2016 Impact of Detergent-Based Decellularization Methods on Porcine Tissues for Heart Valve Engineering.
59  perimeter
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
ECHO (1 time)
2007 Comparison of different methods to measure experimental chronic infarction size in the rat model.
60  perindopril arginin
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AML (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2013 Validated chromatographic methods for determination of perindopril and amlodipine in pharmaceutical formulation in the presence of their degradation products.
61  perindopril erbumine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ACE inhibitors (1 time)
APIs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2008 The use of microcalorimetry and HPLC for the determination of degradation kinetics and thermodynamic parameters of Perindopril Erbumine in aqueous solutions.
62  perindopril tert-butyloamine
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2015 Simultaneous quantification of related substances of perindopril tert-butylamine using a novel stability indicating liquid chromatographic method.
63  period clock protein
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ARNT (2 times)
SIM (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
2002 Genetic analysis and functional characterization of the Streptococcus pneumoniae vic operon.
64  periodized
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ESs (1 time)
FR (1 time)
Non-PER (1 time)
2004 A meta-analysis of periodized versus nonperiodized strength and power training programs.
65  peripheral endovascular revascularization
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
EQ5D (1 time)
PAD (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2007 Quantifying improvement in symptoms, functioning, and quality of life after peripheral endovascular revascularization.
66  periventricular hypothalamic area
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LHA (2 times)
VMN (2 times)
DA (1 time)
1998 Alterations of hypothalamic catecholamines in the newborn offspring of gestational diabetic mother rats.
67  peroneal muscle group
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
2007 Extramuscular myofascial force transmission also occurs between synergistic muscles and antagonistic muscles.
68  pertuzumab
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
DTX (1 time)
2015 [Efficacy and Safety of Pertuzumab for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer].
69  photic evoked responses
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FC (1 time)
IDPN (1 time)
MBRF (1 time)
1984 Behavioural effects of beta,beta'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) in the domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus).
70  photoreactivation repair
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
NER (2 times)
BER (1 time)
2013 DNA repair activity in fish and interest in ecotoxicology: a review.
71  physics education research
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
UMI (1 time)
2013 Toward university modeling instruction--biology: adapting curricular frameworks from physics to biology.
72  post-exercise recovery
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Sleep, recovery, and performance: the new frontier in high-performance athletics.
73  postejaculatory refractory period
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
--- 1996 Relation of intromissions to the female's postejaculatory refractory period in rats.
74  postoperative endoscopic recurrence
(2 times)
Intestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
MULTIPER (1 time)
2015 Conventional Versus Biological Therapy for Prevention of Postoperative Endoscopic Recurrence in Patients With Crohn's Disease: an International, Multicenter, and Observational Study.
75  predicted exposure range
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
COSHH (2 times)
OEL (1 time)
OELs (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of COSHH essentials: methylene chloride, isopropanol, and acetone exposures in a small printing plant.
76  preoperative esophagectomy risk
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
EC (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2016 The PER (Preoperative Esophagectomy Risk) Score: A Simple Risk Score to Predict Short-Term and Long-Term Outcome in Patients with Surgically Treated Esophageal Cancer.
77  primer exchange reaction
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 DNA Synthesis by Primer Exchange Reaction Cascades.
78  proboscis extension
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
alpha-BGT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2010 State of the art on insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor function in learning and memory.
79  Programa de Escuta no Ruido
(2 times)
Hearing Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2018 Efficacy of auditory training using the Programa de Escuta no Ruido (PER) software in students with auditory processing disorders and poor school performance.
80  protein efficiency ratio method
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
--- 1977 [Effect of various processes on the protein quality of food based on corn and soybeans].
81  protein quality
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
INIA (1 time)
1990 [Nutritional quality of the protein of the false lentil (Vicia sativa ssp. abovata (Ser) Gaudin].
82  proximal epiphyseal replacement
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 2011 Assessment of femoral neck fracture risk for a novel proximal epiphyseal hip prosthesis.
83  Pseudomonas Extended Resistance
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ESBLs (2 times)
Inc (1 time)
2008 Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in South America.
84  pulmonary epithelial rat
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BMCs (1 time)
FN (1 time)
FXIII (1 time)
1987 Modulation of cellular biosynthetic activity in the retracting collagen lattice.
85  3,9-perylene
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DPP (1 time)
2013 A highly crystalline low band-gap polymer consisting of perylene and diketopyrrolopyrrole for organic photovoltaic cells.
86  P-efficiency ratio
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DAT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PSF (1 time)
2009 Mobilization and acquisition of sparingly soluble P-sources by Brassica cultivars under P-starved environment I. Differential growth response, P-efficiency characteristics and P-remobilization.
87  paired-end read
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
2010 A probabilistic framework for aligning paired-end RNA-seq data.
88  paliperidone extended-release
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2011 Paliperidone extended-release: does it have a place in antipsychotic therapy?
89  paradoxical emboly readiness
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
OOW (1 time)
PICE (1 time)
RLIAB (1 time)
2011 [Changes in paradoxical emboly readiness in divers with open oval window of the interatrial septum].
90  paramagnetic electronic resonance
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1986 [Perspectives of in-situ measuring of oxygen free radicals].
91  paratesticular embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Paratesticular embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma: report of 5 cases and review of the literature].
92  partial exfiltration reactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
fd (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
2006 The role of in situ unit operation/process infiltration treatment on partitioning and speciation of rainfall-runoff.
93  particular with respect to nuclear localization of the clock
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HSPs (1 time)
1996 Heat shock proteins and circadian rhythms.
94  parturition were classified as early responders
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MER (1 time)
TBARS (1 time)
2014 Plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, vitamin A and vitamin E levels and resumption of postpartum ovarian activity in dairy cows.
95  passive elastic rigidity of WBC
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
Rp (1 time)
1991 Elastic properties of passive leukemic white blood cells.
96  passive energy recapture
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Widespread utilization of passive energy recapture in swimming medusae.
97  pathogen exposure risk
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
MEC (1 time)
2014 Assessment of selection and resistance risk for demethylation inhibitor fungicides in Aspergillus fumigatus in agriculture and medicine: a critical review.
98  Patient Encounter Record
(1 time)
RFE (1 time)
2011 A comparison of morbidity patterns in public and private primary care clinics in malaysia.
99  patient engagement in research
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
ECRs (1 time)
2018 Early-career researchers' views on ethical dimensions of patient engagement in research.
100  Patient Exposure Registry
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Considerations and preliminary design of patient exposure registry.