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Abbreviation: PFO
Appearance Frequency: 2385 time(s)
Long forms: 86

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
patent foramen ovale
(1920 times)
Cardiology
(814 times)
TEE (240 times)
ASD (161 times)
ASA (121 times)
1984 [Diagnosis of interatrial communications using contrast echocardiography].
perfringolysin O
(87 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
CDCs (18 times)
LLO (12 times)
CDC (8 times)
1991 Kinetic aspects of the aggregation of Clostridium perfringens theta-toxin on erythrocyte membranes. A fluorescence energy transfer study.
perfluoro-n-octane
(84 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
PFOA (8 times)
RD (6 times)
PFD (5 times)
1991 Short-term exposure to the peroxisome proliferators, perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorodecanoic acid, causes significant increase of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine in liver DNA of rats.
persistent foramen ovale
(43 times)
Military Medicine
(11 times)
TEE (8 times)
ASD (6 times)
DCI (5 times)
1993 Interatrial right-to-left shunting developing after pulmonary resection in the absence of elevated right-sided heart pressures. Review of the literature.
poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene)
(41 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
OLEDs (4 times)
PL (4 times)
MEH-PPV (3 times)
2003 Phase separation in polyfluorene-polymethylmethacrylate blends studied using UV near-field microscopy.
poly(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)
(24 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
FRET (5 times)
MEH-PPV (3 times)
DA (2 times)
2007 Light exposure dependence of molecular orientation of glassy polyfluorene layers formed on photo-aligned polyimide films.
pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase
(24 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
PFL (3 times)
EF-Tu (2 times)
AdhE (1 time)
1995 Primary structure and eubacterial relationships of the pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase of the amitochondriate eukaryote Trichomonas vaginalis.
pseudo-first-order
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
PSO (17 times)
IPD (4 times)
AC (2 times)
2010 Kinetic studies on the adsorption of phenol, 4-chlorophenol, and 2,4-dichlorophenol from water using activated carbons.
polyfluorene
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
NRs (2 times)
SWCNTs (2 times)
UV (2 times)
2006 Singlet-triplet splittings and their relevance to the spin-dependent exciton formation in light-emitting polymers: an EOM/CCSD study.
10  proximal fibular osteotomy
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
VAS (6 times)
FTA (3 times)
HTO (3 times)
2018 Proximal fibular osteotomy to treat medial compartment knee osteoarthritis: Preoperational factors for short-term prognosis.
11  pericapsular fibrotic overgrowth
(8 times)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
(1 time)
CHC (1 time)
FBR (1 time)
FP ICCs (1 time)
2011 Effect of prolonged gelling time on the intrinsic properties of barium alginate microcapsules and its biocompatibility.
12  peak fat oxidation rate
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
CV (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
GE (1 time)
2008 Peak fat oxidation rate during walking in sedentary overweight men and women.
13  perfluoro-octanoic acid
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Kir (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
Hx (1 time)
1986 Toxicity and kinetics of perfluoro-octanoic acid in the Wistar rat.
14  patency of the foramen ovale
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DCS (2 times)
CS-PFO (1 time)
DCI (1 time)
1998 Patent foramen ovale and decompression sickness in sports divers.
15  peak fat oxidation
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
FFM (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2015 Changes in peak fat oxidation in response to different doses of endurance training.
16  PFO group
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
cTCD (1 time)
cTEE (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2010 Intracranial embolism characteristics in PFO patients: a comparison between positive and negative PFO by transesophageal echocardiography: the rule of nine.
17  poor functional outcome
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CMBs (2 times)
IVT (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2017 The impact of cerebral microbleeds on intracerebral hemorrhage and poor functional outcome of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
18  proximal femoral osteotomy
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
PAO (2 times)
DDH (1 time)
LCP (1 time)
2010 Proximal femoral osteotomy in neurologic pediatric hips using the locking compression plate.
19  abnormalities--patent foramen ovale
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
TEE (1 time)
2008 Prevalence of atrial septal abnormalities in older patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.
20  palm fiber oil
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CPO (2 times)
alpha-T (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2004 Separation of vitamin E (tocopherol, tocotrienol, and tocomonoenol) in palm oil.
21  pancreatic flow output
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TEV (2 times)
CP (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2005 Quantification of pancreatic exocrine function with secretin-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography: normal values and short-term effects of pancreatic duct drainage procedures in chronic pancreatitis. Initial results.
22  patellofemoral osteoarthritis
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
FVO (1 time)
LTFO (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2016 Proposal of a therapeutic protocol for selected patients with patellofemoral knee osteoarthritis: arthroscopic lateral retinacular release followed by viscosupplementation.
23  patent fossa ovalis
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
RLS (1 time)
TEE (1 time)
2020 Modified percutaneous suture-mediated patent fossa ovalis closure for prevention of cerebral ischemic events.
24  percent fluid overload
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AKI (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2015 Postoperative Fluid Overload is a Useful Predictor of the Short-Term Outcome of Renal Replacement Therapy for Acute Kidney Injury After Cardiac Surgery.
25  posterior femoral offset
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
DCO (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2019 What Is the Possible Impact of High Variability of Distal Femoral Geometry on TKA? A CT Data Analysis of 24,042 Knees.
26  purified fish oil
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
ALA (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2012 Purified fish oil eliminating linoleic and alpha linolenic acid meets essential fatty acid requirements in rats.
27  pyrolysis fuel oil
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
FBFA (1 time)
PDF (1 time)
2009 Emissions in the exhaust of fishing boats after adding viscous agents into fuel oils.
28  1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctan-1-ol
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
MPEG (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2018 A versatile platform to achieve mechanically robust mussel-inspired antifouling coatings via grafting-to approach.
29  beta-phase formation in poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DLPC (1 time)
DMPE (1 time)
DMPS (1 time)
2013 Effect of the phospholipid chain length and head group on beta-phase formation of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) enclosed in liposomes.
30  beta-phase of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene)
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Improving efficiency and color purity of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) through addition of a high boiling-point solvent of 1-chloronaphthalene.
31  fluoride/oxalate plasma
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BL (2 times)
LOA (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2017 Assessment of a portable lactate meter for field use in the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum).
32  migraine-patent foramen ovale
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
EV (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
2008 Migraine-patent foramen ovale connection: role of prominent eustachian valve and large Chiari network in migrainous patients.
33  pair-fed groups
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CO (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2007 Effects of prenatal or postnatal ethanol consumption on zinc intestinal absorption and excretion in rats.
34  pair-fed OLIP group
(1 time)
Obesity
(1 time)
GPx (1 time)
LA (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
2012 Lipoic acid improves mitochondrial function in nonalcoholic steatosis through the stimulation of sirtuin 1 and sirtuin 3.
35  parametric feedback oscillator
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
NEMS (1 time)
2011 A nanoscale parametric feedback oscillator.
36  patellofemoral joint offset
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
TKA (1 time)
2017 Do Changes in Patellofemoral Joint Offset Lead to Adverse Outcomes in Total Knee Arthroplasty With Patellar Resurfacing? A Radiographic Review.
37  patent foramen
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2000 [Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale in patients after cryptogenic stroke].
38  patent foramen ovale device closure
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
2020 Light anti-thrombotic regimen for prevention of device thrombosis and/or thrombotic complications after interatrial shunts device-based closure.
39  patent ovale foramens
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Morphological features pertinent to interventional closure of patent oval foramen.
40  patients with cryptogenic stroke have apatent foramen ovale
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 [Patent foramen ovale-intervention or pharmaceutical treatment].
41  Peak fluid overload
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FO (1 time)
MIVF (1 time)
MV (1 time)
2018 Implementation of preemptive fluid strategy as a bundle to prevent fluid overload in children with acute respiratory distress syndrome and sepsis.
42  peak FO
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
FO (1 time)
MV (1 time)
2017 Fluid overload and outcomes in critically ill children: A single center prospective cohort study.
43  percutaneous foramen ovale
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
IAS (1 time)
ICE-TEE (1 time)
2010 Usefulness of trans-oesophageal echocardiography using intracardiac echography probe in guiding patent foramen ovale percutaneous closure.
44  perfluorocarbon
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MH (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2020 [Closure of Persisting Full Thickness Macular Holes by Subretinal Fluid Application: Technical Approach and Surgical Considerations].
45  perfluorocarbon liquid
(1 time)
EZ (1 time)
iOCT (1 time)
2019 Intraoperative OCT Features and Postoperative Ellipsoid Mapping in Primary Macula-Involving Retinal Detachments from the PIONEER Study.
46  perfluoron
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
iOCT (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
SMF (1 time)
2016 Intraoperative optical coherence tomography in macula involving rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair with pars plana vitrectomy and perfluoron.
47  perfluorooctylbromide
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
NF (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
1998 Effects of different perfluorochemicals on dorsal root ganglion cells in vitro.
48  perfringens thetatoxin
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Gvh (1 time)
HlyA (1 time)
1993 Pore-forming and haemolytic properties of the Gardnerella vaginalis cytolysin.
49  persistence of foramen oval
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
TEE (1 time)
2010 Giant interatrial septal aneurysms mimicking quistic masses. Two cases with different therapeutic options.
50  persistent ('patent') foramen ovale
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
DCI (2 times)
DCS (2 times)
2019 DCS or DCI? The difference and why it matters.
51  pervious foramen ovale
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2003 Initial experience in Brazil with the Helex septal occluder for percutaneous occlusion of atrial septal defects.
52  PF oscillations
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
APF (1 time)
ME (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2007 The effects of slight pressure oscillations in the far infrasound frequency range on the pars flaccida in gerbil and rabbit ears.
53  PFCL-perfluorooctane
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FMCH (1 time)
PFCL (1 time)
PFD (1 time)
2002 Determination of the solubility of perfluorocarbon liquids in silicone oil in vitro and in vivo.
54  PFO closure group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2017 Long-Term Outcomes of Patent Foramen Ovale Closure or Medical Therapy after Stroke.
55  PFO from Gromega
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ARA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
2014 The impact of dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on bone and cartilage in gilts and sows.
56  PFO or ASD were higher in younger patients
(1 time)
Cardiovascular System
(1 time)
--- 2009 Transesophageal echocardiography in patients with cryptogenic cerebral ischemia.
57  PFO-stroke
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
2013 Imaging characteristics of ischemic strokes related to patent foramen ovale.
58  PFO/PFV-DA NPs comprise central polyfluorene
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2019 Highly Stable Core-Shell Structured Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles for FRET-Based Intracellular pH Imaging.
59  PFOun
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PFs (1 time)
2005 Green emission from end-group-enhanced aggregation in polydioctylfluorene.
60  pit and fissure opening
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BWR (1 time)
DV (1 time)
IDV (1 time)
2008 Clinical performance of a diode laser fluorescence device for the detection of occlusal caries in primary teeth.
61  polar fraction of onion
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PFG (1 time)
2016 Prophylactic Effects of Garlic Oil and Onion Oil Fractions as Compared to Vitamin E on Rats Orally Fed with Lead Acetate Solution.
62  poly((fluorene-2,7-diyl)-alt-(1,3,4-oxadiazole-2,5-diyl))
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
abs (1 time)
EA (1 time)
EDOT (1 time)
2005 Theoretical studies of the modulation of polymer electronic and optical properties through the introduction of the electron-donating 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene or electron-accepting pyridine and 1,3,4-oxadiazole moieties.
63  polycondensation of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Surface-initiated Kumada catalyst-transfer polycondensation of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) from organosilica particles: chain-confinement promoted beta-phase formation.
64  polymer of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
FITC (1 time)
PtTFPP (1 time)
2016 Simultaneous imaging of intracellular pH and O2 using functionalized semiconducting polymer dots.
65  population have apatent foramen ovale
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2019 [Closure of the patent foramen ovale (PFO) in cryptogenic stroke].
66  post feeding of oocysts
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) are highly susceptible to oral infection with Neospora caninum oocysts.
67  Posterior Fossa Optimization
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
ECTS (1 time)
2014 An optimized computed tomography protocol for metallic gunshot head trauma in a seal model.
68  posttraumatic foot osteomyelitis
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DFO (1 time)
2020 Analysis of the Composition and Functions of the Microbiome in Diabetic Foot Osteomyelitis Based on 16S rRNA and Metagenome Sequencing Technology.
69  potential formation of perfluorooctanoate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FTacrylate (1 time)
PFOA (1 time)
2008 Modeling the environmental fate of perfluorooctanoate and its precursors from global fluorotelomer acrylate polymer use.
70  predictors of fatal outcome
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
APT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2007 A crimean - congo haemorrhagic Fever outbreak in northern balochistan.
71  prefabricated foot orthoses
(1 time)
Podiatry
(1 time)
CFO (1 time)
FFI-R (1 time)
2015 A randomized controlled trial of custom foot orthoses for the treatment of plantar heel pain.
72  preferred fibre orientation
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DOFA (1 time)
LC (1 time)
ONH (1 time)
2015 Quantitative analysis of three-dimensional fibrillar collagen microstructure within the normal, aged and glaucomatous human optic nerve head.
73  previously closed foramen ovale
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Haemodynamic complications after pneumonectomy: atrial inflow obstruction and reopening of the foramen ovale.
74  probability of fatal outcome
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2005 Effect of patient load on trauma outcomes in a Level I trauma center.
75  probe-patent foramen ovale
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LVAD (1 time)
2007 Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale for refractory hypoxemia after HeartMate II left ventricular assist device placement.
76  propafenone hydrochloride
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CDs (1 time)
2013 Host-guest inclusion complex of propafenone hydrochloride with alpha- and beta-cyclodextrins: spectral and molecular modeling studies.
77  protected EPA and DHA-rich fish oil
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
COCO (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
DHAGF (1 time)
2007 In utero and postnatal exposure to long chain (n-3) PUFA enhances intestinal glucose absorption and energy stores in weanling pigs.
78  protected fish oil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
GLUT2 (1 time)
2009 Feeding long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids during gestation increases intestinal glucose absorption potentially via the acute activation of AMPK.
79  protected fish oil product
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CBG (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2019 Effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation to lactating sows on growth and indicators of stress in the postweaned pig1,2.
80  protective face orientation
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
AFO (1 time)
PAFO (1 time)
2012 The role of Chinese face in the perpetration of dating partner violence.
81  proximal femoral varus osteotomy
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LCPD (1 time)
2020 Does Early Proximal Femoral Varus Osteotomy Shorten the Duration of Fragmentation in Perthes Disease? Lessons From a Prospective Multicenter Cohort.
82  proximal fibular osteochondroma
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2020 Peroneal Nerve Function Before and Following Surgical Excision of a Proximal Fibular Osteochondroma.
83  pseudo-first-order kinetic
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
PSO (1 time)
SMT (1 time)
2017 Removal of antibiotics (sulfamethazine, tetracycline and chloramphenicol) from aqueous solution by raw and nitrogen plasma modified steel shavings.
84  pulmonary fluid overload
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2014 Pulmonary fluid overload monitoring in heart failure patients with single and dual chamber defibrillators.
85  Pulsed flow oxygen
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CFO (1 time)
2019 Evaluation and application of a method for estimating nasal end-tidal O2 fraction while administering supplemental O2.
86  t-butylphenol-formaldehyde oligomer
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Synthetic approaches to mixed ligand chelators on t-butylphenol-formaldehyde oligomer (PFO) platforms.