A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : PI

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : PI
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 7 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: PI
Appearance Frequency: 26651 time(s)
Long forms: 1581

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
propidium iodide
(3502 times)
Neoplasms
(391 times)
ROS (291 times)
FITC (201 times)
LDH (125 times)
1976 Rapid staining methods for analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid and protein in mammalian cells.
phosphatidylinositol
(3250 times)
Biochemistry
(1103 times)
PC (688 times)
PE (519 times)
PS (423 times)
1966 Fatty acids in phospholipids isolated from human red cells.
pulsatility index
(2843 times)
Obstetrics
(794 times)
RI (962 times)
MCA (356 times)
PSV (255 times)
1980 The relationship between ultrasonic pulsatility index and proximal arterial stenosis in a canine model.
postinoculation
(2613 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1044 times)
BVDV (236 times)
ELISA (79 times)
PCR (49 times)
1967 Sequential formation of vaccinia virus proteins and viral deoxyribonucleic acid replication.
protease inhibitor
(2426 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(680 times)
NNRTI (429 times)
ART (311 times)
HAART (285 times)
1970 Protease inhibitor (Pi) phenotypes in chromosome aberrations.
plaque index
(1402 times)
Dentistry
(951 times)
GI (778 times)
PD (574 times)
CAL (441 times)
1985 The application of a collagen stabilizer to the gingiva of the beagle dog. Effect on ligature-induced periodontal disease.
phosphoinositide
(942 times)
Biochemistry
(196 times)
PKC (64 times)
PLC (61 times)
IP (32 times)
1975 [Inositol-containing phospholipids in rat brain and liver].
proliferation index
(731 times)
Neoplasms
(160 times)
AI (126 times)
PCNA (73 times)
FCM (55 times)
1975 [The effect of diphtheria toxin on proliferation of a transplantable culture of human amnion cells].
pelvic incidence
(603 times)
Orthopedics
(308 times)
LL (385 times)
PT (355 times)
SS (286 times)
2004 Spondylolisthesis, pelvic incidence, and spinopelvic balance: a correlation study.
10  polyimide
(433 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(107 times)
PAA (28 times)
XPS (21 times)
SEM (16 times)
2000 Adhesion and patterning of cortical neurons on polyethylenimine- and fluorocarbon-coated surfaces.
11  perfusion index
(233 times)
Anesthesiology
(35 times)
PVI (20 times)
HR (17 times)
MAP (17 times)
1986 Cortex perfusion index: a sensitive detector of acute rejection crisis in transplanted kidneys.
12  prognostic index
(208 times)
Neoplasms
(86 times)
OS (37 times)
NLR (35 times)
PNI (30 times)
1982 A modified prognostic index based upon nutritional measurements.
13  Pneumatosis intestinalis
(172 times)
General Surgery
(28 times)
CT (26 times)
PVG (15 times)
HPVG (9 times)
1983 Pneumatosis intestinalis in childhood leukaemia. Report of a case with gas in the portal vein and review of the literature.
14  ponderal index
(171 times)
Pediatrics
(39 times)
BMI (46 times)
BW (23 times)
SGA (17 times)
1978 Fetal malnutrition: an experimental study of its consequences on infant development in two caregiving environments.
15  proportional-integral
(153 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(73 times)
PD (7 times)
SMC (6 times)
MPC (5 times)
1988 Expert-system-based fuzzy control of arterial pressure by drug infusion.
16  prediction interval
(141 times)
Medicine
(18 times)
CI (29 times)
RT (8 times)
OR (7 times)
1975 Relationship of reaction time to deceleration and variability of heart rate in nonretarded and retarded persons.
17  protective index
(141 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
MES (32 times)
scPTZ (13 times)
i.p (6 times)
1979 Eye movements simultaneously recorded by electrooculographic and photoelectric methods.
18  peak intensity
(139 times)
Medicine
(29 times)
CEUS (74 times)
AUC (69 times)
TTP (65 times)
2002 Assessment of coronary stenoses of graded severity by myocardial contrast echocardiography.
19  proactive interference
(128 times)
Psychology
(71 times)
WM (16 times)
RI (6 times)
CVLT (4 times)
1971 The effects of practice trials and prior learning on motor memory.
20  pars intermedia
(116 times)
Endocrinology
(50 times)
PD (31 times)
PPD (26 times)
RPD (23 times)
1975 The effect of apomorphine and ergocriptine on the release of MSH by the pars intermedia of Rana pipiens.
21  pain intensity
(110 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
PR (13 times)
AEs (11 times)
VAS (10 times)
1979 Comparison of the analgesic dose-effect relationships of nefopam and oxycodone in postoperative pain.
22  pancreatic insufficiency
(110 times)
Pediatrics
(44 times)
CF (86 times)
PS (35 times)
CFTR (10 times)
1976 Quantitative evaluation of serum pancreatic isoamylases in cystic fibrosis.
23  pulse interval
(110 times)
Physiology
(37 times)
HR (25 times)
BRS (23 times)
LF (20 times)
1975 Reduced baroreflex sensitivity with volume loading in conscious dogs.
24  primary insomnia
(102 times)
Psychophysiology
(38 times)
PSQI (14 times)
PSG (10 times)
GS (8 times)
2001 Primary versus secondary insomnia in older adults: subjective sleep and daytime functioning.
25  principal investigator
(100 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
NIH (10 times)
EM (5 times)
IRB (4 times)
1985 National Institutes of Health phase I, Small Business Innovation Research applications: fiscal year 1983 results.
26  pain interference
(99 times)
Orthopedics
(44 times)
PROMIS (79 times)
PF (72 times)
UE (18 times)
2012 Measurement invariance of the PROMIS pain interference item bank across community and clinical samples.
27  phagocytic index
(97 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(31 times)
PA (17 times)
SOD (9 times)
NBT (8 times)
1976 The effect of cytotoxic drugs on neutrophil phagocytosis in vitro and in patients with acute myelogenous leukaemia.
28  plant introduction
(95 times)
Genetics
(24 times)
SCN (10 times)
QTL (6 times)
MAS (4 times)
1984 Abscisic Acid and its relationship to seed filling in soybeans.
29  polydispersity index
(95 times)
Pharmacology
(35 times)
ZP (21 times)
EE (19 times)
DSC (12 times)
2001 A new nerve guide conduit material composed of a biodegradable poly(phosphoester).
30  PISTILLATA
(93 times)
Botany
(43 times)
AP3 (60 times)
AG (16 times)
AP1 (11 times)
1991 The FLO10 Gene Product Regulates the Expression Domain of Homeotic Genes AP3 and PI in Arabidopsis Flowers.
31  pressure injury
(91 times)
Nursing
(48 times)
SCI (8 times)
AUC (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2014 The role of patients in pressure injury prevention: a survey of acute care patients.
32  proinsulin
(83 times)
Endocrinology
(42 times)
IRI (23 times)
TI (10 times)
IGT (9 times)
1981 Effects of liver and kidney on high molecular weight immunoreactive insulin (HWIRI), proinsulin (PI) and insulin (I) in man.
33  performance improvement
(82 times)
Health Services
(21 times)
CME (9 times)
ED (3 times)
ISS (3 times)
1994 The Agenda for Change: performance focus alters JCAHO's survey process.
34  pulsatility
(76 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(17 times)
RI (74 times)
MCA (7 times)
PSV (6 times)
1990 Uterine and fetal umbilical artery flow velocity waveforms in normal first trimester pregnancies.
35  parallel imaging
(74 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(47 times)
CS (18 times)
SNR (18 times)
MRI (10 times)
2004 Current concepts and advances in clinical parallel magnetic resonance imaging.
36  performance index
(69 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
RCs (5 times)
OEC (3 times)
PSII (3 times)
1980 Classification of abnormal children: discrimination learning ability.
37  peri-implantitis
(58 times)
Dentistry
(38 times)
CP (10 times)
HI (6 times)
p-iM (6 times)
2000 Aspartate aminotransferase activity in crevicular fluid from dental implants.
38  pathogen inactivation
(57 times)
Hematology
(49 times)
PCs (16 times)
PLT (10 times)
RBC (6 times)
2001 Reducing the risk of blood transfusion.
39  photoionization
(56 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
EAE (9 times)
MS (8 times)
EI (7 times)
1984 Interaction of high temperature and Salmonella pullorum antigen concentration on serum agglutinin and corticosteroid responses in white rock chickens.
40  pulmonary insufficiency
(53 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
TOF (24 times)
RV (16 times)
CMR (6 times)
1977 [Validity of thermodilution cardiac output determination in the presence of pulmonary insufficiency (author's transl)].
41  peripheral iridotomy
(52 times)
Ophthalmology
(36 times)
IOP (21 times)
ICL (5 times)
PACG (4 times)
1977 Peripheral iridectomy in closed angle glaucoma-- late complications.
42  polyisoprene
(50 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
PS (17 times)
DSC (3 times)
PB (3 times)
1994 Preparation and properties of A-B-A type block copolymer membranes consisting of poly(N-hydroxypropyl-L-glutamine) as the A component and polyisoprene as the B component.
43  Pacific Islander
(48 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
AA (5 times)
BMI (5 times)
NH (5 times)
1981 Hospital admissions for asthma in children: a prospective study.
44  pars intercerebralis
(45 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
PL (10 times)
CA (7 times)
PDF (5 times)
1978 Locations and central projections of neurons associated with the retrocerebral neuroendocrine complex of the cockroach Periplaneta americana (L.).
45  permeability index
(42 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
SAR (11 times)
KR (8 times)
EC (6 times)
1984 Increased airway mucosal permeability of smokers. Relationship to airway reactivity.
46  progression index
(40 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
MS (27 times)
EDSS (16 times)
MSSS (9 times)
1986 Progression index and disability status in multiple sclerosis: a resurvey of 207 patients in central Poland.
47  postirradiation
(39 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
Gy (2 times)
IL (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1977 Mucormycotic hepatic lesions resembling bacillary hemoglobinuria infarcts in irradiated calves.
48  Periodontal Index
(38 times)
Dentistry
(25 times)
GI (7 times)
BOP (3 times)
CPITN (3 times)
1974 Periodontal disease among youths 12-17 years, United States.
49  paternity index
(37 times)
Jurisprudence
(23 times)
PE (6 times)
PM (6 times)
PD (5 times)
1980 Numerical expression of paternity test results using predetermined indexes.
50  posterior interval
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
OR (4 times)
CAPES (3 times)
EC (3 times)
2004 Ozone and short-term mortality in 95 US urban communities, 1987-2000.
51  pulse inversion
(37 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(8 times)
CTR (10 times)
US (6 times)
AM (5 times)
1995 Phase-inversion cellulose acetate membranes for suppression of protein interferences in anodic stripping voltammetry.
52  pyrrole-imidazole
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
TGF (5 times)
AP-1 (3 times)
TGF-beta1 (3 times)
2008 Novel gene silencer pyrrole-imidazole polyamide targeting lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 attenuates restenosis of the artery after injury.
53  post-injury
(35 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
SCI (9 times)
TBI (3 times)
GFAP (2 times)
1977 [Ultrastructure of the cells and DNA synthesis in skeletal muscle regeneration. A study of the regeneration of the frog sartorius muscle by an electron microscopic autoradiographic method].
54  plasma insulin
(33 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
BG (7 times)
PE (7 times)
PG (7 times)
1979 Treatment of mucopolysaccharidosis: clinical and biochemical aspects of leucocyte transfusion as compared with plasma infusion in patients with Hurler's and Scheie's syndromes.
55  probability interval
(32 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
ELISA (3 times)
OR (3 times)
BDD (2 times)
2000 Decision analysis of tamoxifen for the prevention of invasive breast cancer.
56  physical inactivity
(31 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
PA (7 times)
BMI (4 times)
CI (2 times)
2004 Joint impact of health risks on health care charges: 7-year follow-up of National Health Insurance beneficiaries in Japan (the Ohsaki Study).
57  posterior insula
(30 times)
Brain
(8 times)
AI (14 times)
dAI (6 times)
FC (5 times)
2014 You are the danger: attenuated insula response in methamphetamine users during aversive interoceptive decision-making.
58  penetration index
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
SPECT (4 times)
DTPA (2 times)
MMAD (2 times)
1986 Radioaerosol assessment of mucociliary clearance: towards definition of a normal range.
59  perfusion imaging
(28 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
DWI (22 times)
MCA (4 times)
MRA (4 times)
1998 A novel endothelin antagonist, A-127722, attenuates ischemic lesion size in rats with temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion: a diffusion and perfusion MRI study.
60  plasmin inhibition
(28 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
PAI (17 times)
PAA (16 times)
tPA (8 times)
1988 Great variation in the response of tissue plasminogen activator activity, plasminogen activator inhibition and plasmin inhibition to endotoxin, aspirin and endotoxin after administration of aspirin.
61  pulmonary infarction
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
PE (4 times)
AFL (3 times)
MI (3 times)
1988 [Assessment of interaction between the left and right ventricles using pressure-volume loops in various heart diseases].
62  pattern identification
(27 times)
Complementary Therapies
(16 times)
TKM (6 times)
CM (3 times)
DP (3 times)
1998 Impaired word-stem completion priming but intact perceptual identification priming with novel words: evidence from the amnesic patient H.M.
63  Pietrain
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
DU (6 times)
DUPI (3 times)
LR (3 times)
2002 Variation in clinical and parasitological traits in Pietrain and Meishan pigs infected with Sarcocystis miescheriana.
64  pancreatic islets
(26 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
GK (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
BN (2 times)
1999 [Odontogenic focus as the etiology of cerebral ischemia].
65  path integration
(26 times)
Biology
(7 times)
AD (2 times)
LDA (2 times)
VE (2 times)
1988 Apnea-onset definition significantly affects pneumogram results.
66  peak-interval
(26 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(11 times)
FI (5 times)
DA (4 times)
MAP (2 times)
1996 Cyclic responding by pigeons on the peak timing procedure.
67  proximal intestine
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(19 times)
DI (21 times)
MI (18 times)
TOR (9 times)
1993 Tissue distribution of microsomal cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases and their inducibility by phenobarbital in the insecticide resistant LPR strain of house fly, Musca domestica L.
68  Padua Inventory
(25 times)
Therapeutics
(11 times)
OCD (12 times)
BDI (4 times)
MOCI (4 times)
1992 Obsessions and compulsions: dimensional structure, reliability, convergent and divergent validity of the Padua Inventory.
69  Pearl Index
(24 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(15 times)
CI (5 times)
EE (5 times)
COC (4 times)
1993 Prospective European multi-center study of natural family planning (1989-1992): interim results. The European Natural Family Planning Study Groups.
70  primary immunodeficiency
(24 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
JMCN (6 times)
IVIG (4 times)
SCIG (4 times)
1999 [Computerized tomography of the lungs in patients with congenital immunodeficiency. Comparison with clinicoradiologic assessment].
71  pallidal index
(23 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
Mn (13 times)
MRI (13 times)
GP (5 times)
1996 Increased blood manganese in cirrhotic patients: relationship to pallidal magnetic resonance signal hyperintensity and neurological symptoms.
72  prostate index
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
BPH (16 times)
COX-2 (5 times)
DHT (5 times)
2008 Antidiarrhoeal activity of the ethyl acetate extract of Baphia nitida (Papilionaceae).
73  performance-intensity
(22 times)
Audiology
(16 times)
MSTMs (2 times)
PSI (2 times)
SNRs (2 times)
1977 Use of performance-intensity functions for diagnosis.
74  phospholipid
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
KA (2 times)
NA (2 times)
NMDA (2 times)
1986 Stimulation by noradrenaline of inositol phospholipid breakdown in the rat hippocampus: effect of the ambient potassium concentration.
75  post-institutionalized
(22 times)
Psychology
(13 times)
NA (7 times)
ADHD (2 times)
DSE (2 times)
2009 Postinstitutionalized children's development: growth, cognitive, and language outcomes.
76  proliferation
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
AI (14 times)
MI (4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
1996 Mitotic index and lymphocyte proliferation kinetics in testing the genotoxicity of chemical agents.
77  protein intake
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
EI (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
ALB (2 times)
1987 Adequacy studies of fistula single-needle dialysis.
78  periductal infiltrating
(21 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
MF (20 times)
ICC (18 times)
IG (12 times)
2001 Predictive factors for long-term survival in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
79  placental insufficiency
(21 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
IUGR (8 times)
PE (2 times)
2SD (1 time)
1994 [The mechanisms of the development of pregnancy complications in hypertension and glomerulonephritis].
80  pulvinar
(21 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
PL (9 times)
PM (5 times)
SC (5 times)
1976 The cortical projections of the inferior pulvinar and adjacent lateral pulvinar in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta): an autoradiographic study.
81  photoinitiator
(20 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
CP (2 times)
DC (2 times)
EY (2 times)
2006 Stereolithography of three-dimensional bioactive poly(ethylene glycol) constructs with encapsulated cells.
82  prescribing information
(20 times)
Pharmacy
(3 times)
AEs (4 times)
AE (2 times)
CKD (2 times)
2003 Patient-reported utilization patterns of fentanyl transdermal system and oxycodone hydrochloride controlled-release among patients with chronic nonmalignant pain.
83  protein I
(20 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
LPS (3 times)
NHS (2 times)
CMP-NANA (1 time)
1982 125I-peptide mapping of protein III isolated from four strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
84  policy iteration
(19 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(10 times)
ADP (3 times)
HJB (3 times)
NN (3 times)
2013 A policy iteration approach to online optimal control of continuous-time constrained-input systems.
85  postural instability
(19 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PD (13 times)
BBS (3 times)
UPDRS (3 times)
2002 Postural instability in idiopathic Parkinson's disease: the role of medication and unilateral pallidotomy.
86  psychodynamic-interpersonal
(19 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
CB (12 times)
CPPS (4 times)
ICC (2 times)
1995 Effects of treatment duration and severity of depression on the maintenance of gains after cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy.
87  patient involvement
(18 times)
Health Services Research
(5 times)
HTA (5 times)
ATL (1 time)
BLT (1 time)
2000 Parent Involvement in School Conceptualizing Multiple Dimensions and Their Relations with Family and Demographic Risk Factors.
88  postischemia
(18 times)
Brain
(6 times)
GBI (3 times)
ERG (2 times)
ND (2 times)
1975 Global ischemia in dogs: cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity and autoregulation.
89  parametrial involvement
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
LVSI (6 times)
DSI (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2001 How important is removal of the parametrium at surgery for carcinoma of the cervix?
90  Prandtl-Ishlinskii
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
DIAPI (1 time)
FLSs (1 time)
I-M (1 time)
2009 Development of a piezo-actuated micro-teleoperation system for cell manipulation.
91  product information
(17 times)
Drug Therapy
(6 times)
MIMS (4 times)
ADRs (2 times)
AEs (2 times)
2003 Dosing information for paediatric patients: are they really "therapeutic orphans"?
92  AnnexinV-propidium iodide
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
AO (1 time)
ASODN (1 time)
2003 Sensitivity to methylmercury-induced autoimmune disease in mice correlates with resistance to apoptosis of activated CD4+ lymphocytes.
93  peroxidizability index
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PUFA (4 times)
P/S (2 times)
TBARS (2 times)
1979 Effect of dietary fat and vitamin E on mouse lung lipids.
94  phototoxic index
(16 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
PDT (6 times)
MED (3 times)
aPDT (2 times)
1975 Tar photoxicity and phototherapy for psoriasis.
95  primary isolates
(16 times)
Virology
(12 times)
HIV-1 (6 times)
TCLA (6 times)
PBMC (3 times)
1996 Quantitative model of antibody- and soluble CD4-mediated neutralization of primary isolates and T-cell line-adapted strains of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
96  pristinamycin I
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
PII (7 times)
ptr (3 times)
EMSAs (2 times)
1993 [Evaluation of in vitro activity of pristinamycin against Haemophilus influenzae].
97  package insert
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
FDA (3 times)
ACIP (1 time)
ADEs (1 time)
1991 Attitude of the public toward technical package inserts for medication information in Belgium.
98  pathogenicity island
(15 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
ORFs (2 times)
UPEC (2 times)
AIV (1 time)
1998 The gene for toxic shock toxin is carried by a family of mobile pathogenicity islands in Staphylococcus aureus.
99  primary infection
(15 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
si (3 times)
CI (2 times)
ACV (1 time)
1997 Course of specific T lymphocyte cytotoxicity, plasma and cellular viral loads, and neutralizing antibody titers in 17 recently seroconverted HIV type 1-infected patients.
100  psychophysiological insomnia
(15 times)
Psychophysiology
(8 times)
CBT-I (4 times)
GS (3 times)
NS (3 times)
1995 [Polysomnographic structure of subjective "awake" and "asleep" nocturnal segments].