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Abbreviation: PIC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
polymorphism information content
(775 times)
Genetics
(221 times)
SSR (105 times)
HE (76 times)
Ho (60 times)
1984 A locus on chromosome 11p with multiple restriction site polymorphisms.
preinitiation complex
(340 times)
Molecular Biology
(95 times)
Pol II (40 times)
TBP (35 times)
HIV-1 (30 times)
1993 Unliganded thyroid hormone receptor inhibits formation of a functional preinitiation complex: implications for active repression.
polyion complex
(137 times)
Chemistry
(36 times)
DLS (7 times)
PEG (7 times)
PLL (7 times)
1994 Selective adhesion of platelets on a polyion complex composed of phospholipid polymers containing sulfonate groups and quarternary ammonium groups.
plasmin inhibitor complex
(126 times)
Vascular Diseases
(29 times)
TAT (97 times)
DIC (25 times)
FDP (22 times)
1990 [Regulation of coagulo-fibrinolytic activity and lupus anticoagulants in systemic lupus erythematosus].
particle-in-cell
(102 times)
Biophysics
(43 times)
THz (4 times)
BSRS (2 times)
CNT (2 times)
2000 Evidence of relativistic laser beam filamentation in back-reflected images
punctate inner choroidopathy
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(64 times)
CNV (41 times)
MFC (12 times)
MEWDS (8 times)
1996 Enlarged blind spots in chorioretinal inflammatory disorders.
polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid
(50 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
LPS (5 times)
dsRNA (4 times)
i.p (4 times)
1972 Studies on the mechanism of the anti-melanoma effect of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (PIC). II. Decreased growth of B-16 melanoma from prior exposure to the tumor. Abrogation of this response by PIC.
piceatannol
(49 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
RES (10 times)
LPS (6 times)
HO-1 (5 times)
2005 The red wine phenolics piceatannol and myricetin act as agonists for estrogen receptor alpha in human breast cancer cells.
perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy
(44 times)
General Surgery
(34 times)
CRS (34 times)
HIPEC (9 times)
EPIC (7 times)
2006 Significance of lymph node metastasis in patients with diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma.
10  photonic integrated circuit
(43 times)
Optics and Photonics
(36 times)
MMI (4 times)
QPSK (3 times)
CMOS (2 times)
2009 Experimental demonstration of distributed feedback semiconductor lasers based on reconstruction-equivalent-chirp technology.
11  picrotoxin
(42 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
PTZ (21 times)
BIC (18 times)
GABA (6 times)
1979 Quantitative evaluation of the actions of anticonvulsants against different chemical convulsants.
12  Poisons Information Centre
(41 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
NPS (5 times)
ED (3 times)
ICU (3 times)
1985 Poisoning with oral antiarrhythmic drugs.
13  phosphoinositidase C
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
DAG (2 times)
DRG (2 times)
G protein (2 times)
1987 Specific and nonspecific effects of nucleotides on hormone-induced phosphoinositide turnover in permeabilized human pituitary tumour cells (Flow 9000).
14  Personality Inventory for Children
(36 times)
Psychology
(20 times)
ADJ (2 times)
LD (2 times)
MMPI (2 times)
1978 Objective personality assessment of children: an exploratory study of the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC) in a child psychiatric setting.
15  paediatric intensive care
(34 times)
Nursing
(17 times)
PICU (3 times)
ETT (2 times)
ICP (2 times)
1996 A strategy for development of paediatric intensive care within the United Kingdom.
16  pro-inflammatory cytokines
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PVN (6 times)
RAS (6 times)
NE (5 times)
2000 Influence of beta(2)-integrin adhesion molecule expression and pulmonary infection with Pasteurella haemolytica on cytokine gene expression in cattle.
17  picolinic acid
(25 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
QUIN (15 times)
KYNA (8 times)
KYN (7 times)
1994 Picolinic acid protects against quinolinic acid-induced depletion of NADPH diaphorase containing neurons in the rat striatum.
18  persistent inward current
(24 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
AHP (2 times)
RI (2 times)
Vth (2 times)
2003 Influence of active dendritic currents on input-output processing in spinal motoneurons in vivo.
19  posterior insular cortex
(24 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
fMRI (4 times)
PIVC (4 times)
CSv (3 times)
2004 Preparatory deployment of attention to motion activates higher-order motion-processing brain regions.
20  pseudoisocyanine
(22 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
CB7 (2 times)
PIN (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1983 Modification by nitrobenzylthioinosine-5'-monophosphate of pseudoisocytidine pharmacokinetics in mice and rats through inhibition of membrane transport.
21  poly(I:C)
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
dsRNA (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
TLR3 (3 times)
1993 Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) gene transcription and expression are regulated through an antioxidant-sensitive mechanism in human vascular endothelial cells.
22  postinfectious cough
(19 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
CVA (9 times)
UACS (5 times)
AC (3 times)
2007 [Etiological diagnosis and specific treatment of chronic cough in 106 patients].
23  phylogenetically independent contrasts
(17 times)
Biology
(5 times)
PCA (3 times)
BIC (1 time)
BMR (1 time)
2001 Scaling of respiratory variables and the breathing pattern in birds: an allometric and phylogenetic approach.
24  phase inversion composition
(15 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
O/W (2 times)
DSC (1 time)
DXM (1 time)
2008 Influence of the phase behavior on the properties of ionic nanoemulsions prepared by the phase inversion composition method.
25  phenyl isocyanate
(13 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DAS (5 times)
DDC (3 times)
CYP2E1 (2 times)
1992 Selective reactivities of isocyanates towards DNA bases and genotoxicity of methylcarbamoylation of DNA.
26  polyisocyanopeptide
(13 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(3 times)
LXA4 (2 times)
111In (1 time)
Dox (1 time)
2017 A Multiple-Stimulus-Responsive Biomimetic Assembly Based on a Polyisocyanopeptide and Conjugated Polymer.
27  particulate inorganic carbon
(11 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
POC (7 times)
aCDOC (1 time)
CDOC (1 time)
2011 TESTING THE EFFECTS OF ELEVATED PCO2 ON COCCOLITHOPHORES (PRYMNESIOPHYCEAE): COMPARISON BETWEEN HAPLOID AND DIPLOID LIFE STAGES(1).
28  plateau iris configuration
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
AS-OCT (6 times)
PB (5 times)
ACD (3 times)
2004 Evaluation and comparison of indentation ultrasound biomicroscopy gonioscopy in relative pupillary block, peripheral anterior synechia, and plateau iris configuration.
29  peripheral intravenous catheter
(10 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
RCN (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
VIP (1 time)
2002 Unnecessary peripheral intravenous catheterisation on an acute medical admissions unit: a preliminary study.
30  plasmin complex
(10 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
TAT (5 times)
alpha 2-PI (3 times)
ATIII (2 times)
1991 [Alpha 2plasmin-inhibitor . plasmin complex (PIC)--useful diagnostic and prognostic parameter].
31  prior informed consent
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ASB (2 times)
CBD (2 times)
GIs (2 times)
1994 Organization and targets of the prior informed consent notification scheme. Part I. Development and implementation.
32  phospholipase C
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
DF (1 time)
G proteins (1 time)
1988 Endogenous calcium in sickle cells does not activate polyphosphoinositide phospholipase C.
33  postoperative infectious complication
(9 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CRP (2 times)
OR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1980 Fibrinogen catabolism in patients with postoperative infectious complications.
34  Patient Insurance Centre
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACL (1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
DSSI (1 time)
2009 Injuries as a result of treatment of tibial fractures in children: Claims for compensation submitted to the Patient Insurance Center in Finland.
35  Pig Improvement Company
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADG (1 time)
ANT (1 time)
AURA (1 time)
1992 Influence of genotype and sex on the response of growing pigs to recombinant porcine somatotropin.
36  polymer-infiltrated ceramic
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
LD (3 times)
RNC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2018 Numerical fatigue analysis of premolars restored by CAD/CAM ceramic crowns.
37  intracranial pressure
(7 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
Ca (1 time)
CL (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1978 [Intracranial pressure. IV - Relationships with post capillary vascular pressures (author's transl)].
38  palatally impacted canine
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
DHC (1 time)
FP (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2009 Palatally impacted canines and the modified index of orthodontic treatment need.
39  Partners in Care
(7 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
QI (2 times)
DSME (1 time)
HbA1c (1 time)
2001 Are better ratings of the patient-provider relationship associated with higher quality care for depression?
40  phenoxyl-imidazolyl radical complex
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PABI (2 times)
2015 Photochromic phenoxyl-imidazolyl radical complexes with decoloration rates from tens of nanoseconds to seconds.
41  polymorphism index content
(7 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
SSR (3 times)
AMOVA (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2002 [Genetic variation of main restorer lines of hybrid rice in China was revealed by microsatellite markers].
42  Positional installation of contrast
(7 times)
Urology
(3 times)
VUR (4 times)
UTI (2 times)
VCUG (2 times)
2006 Role of positional instillation of contrast cystography in the algorithm for evaluating children with confirmed pyelonephritis.
43  protease inhibitor cocktail
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ACE-2 (1 time)
AF (1 time)
Angs (1 time)
2012 Amniotic fluid exhibits an innate inhibitory activity against HIV type 1 replication in vitro.
44  pulmonary infection control
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AECOPD (5 times)
NPPV (3 times)
VAP (3 times)
2007 [Guideline for mechanical ventilation in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2007)].
45  plasma insulin concentration
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
MPC (2 times)
BGC (1 time)
1997 Effects of free fatty acids and glucose on splanchnic insulin dynamics.
46  plasmin-alpha2-antiplasmin complex
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
TAT (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
CA125 (1 time)
1993 Evaluating prethrombotic state in lung cancer using molecular markers.
47  point infection control
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
TVR (5 times)
ORV (2 times)
DFA (1 time)
2001 Emergency response to raccoon rabies introduction into Ontario.
48  polarization-dependent imaging contrast
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
XANES (2 times)
NP (1 time)
PEEM (1 time)
2012 Mollusk shell nacre ultrastructure correlates with environmental temperature and pressure.
49  polyion complex micelles
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
DOPE-g-PLL-b-PEG (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2003 Polyion complex micelles entrapping cationic dendrimer porphyrin: effective photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy of cancer.
50  posterior limb of the internal capsule
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AIC (2 times)
CST (2 times)
DTI (2 times)
1996 Ill-defined focal low attenuation in the posterior internal capsule: a normal CT finding.
51  powder-in-capsule
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AAK (2 times)
ECT (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2012 Phase I study of aurora A kinase inhibitor MLN8237 in advanced solid tumors: safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and bioavailability of two oral formulations.
52  products of incomplete combustion
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
NMVOC (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
EBC (1 time)
2001 Identification of surrogate compounds for the emission of PCdd/F (I-TEQ value) and evaluation of their on-line real-time detectability in flue gases of waste incineration plants by REMPI-TOFMS mass spectrometry.
53  polyisocyanide
(5 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
GelMA (1 time)
MGOs (1 time)
2019 Synthetic Extracellular Matrices with Nonlinear Elasticity Regulate Cellular Organization.
54  polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic acid
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
TT (2 times)
ASR/PPI (1 time)
1985 Studies on activation of benzo[a]pyrene for inhibition of interferon induction.
55  postinfarction cardiosclerosis
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AAC (1 time)
ALE (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2004 [Pharmacodynamics of nonessential amino acids in elderly patients with post-infarction cardiac sclerosis].
56  pseudoisochromatic
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CCT (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
TDI (1 time)
1988 A new test for screening color vision: concurrent validity and utility.
57  pancreatic insulin content
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AIRarginine (1 time)
GT (1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
1990 Effects of randomization masking diabetes relevant traits in animal experiments.
58  pancreatic islet cells
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
--- 1985 [Results of transplantation of pancreatic islet cell cultures to patients with diabetes mellitus].
59  Path-Integrated Concentrations
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
OP-FTIR (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 Monitoring leaking gases by OP-FTIR remote sensing.
60  peripheral interface controller
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AM (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2005 A microcontroller system for investigating the catch effect: functional electrical stimulation of the common peroneal nerve.
61  Pichinde
(4 times)
Virology
(3 times)
GPC (2 times)
NP (2 times)
Tac (2 times)
1981 Oligonucleotide fingerprint analysis of Tacaribe virion RNA.
62  picloram
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NAA (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of haemoglobin (erythrogen): for improved somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. cv. SVPR 2).
63  polysaccharide-iron complex
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AAPCC (1 time)
AOP (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
1992 A prospective open-label study evaluating the efficacy and adverse reactions of the use of Niferex-150 in ESRD patients receiving EPOGEN.
64  Premier Implant Cement
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
TB (3 times)
BOP (1 time)
DY (1 time)
2010 A descriptive study of the radiographic density of implant restorative cements.
65  programmable interrupt controller
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
apps (1 time)
CD (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
2001 Prosthetic arm monitoring system using a programmable interface controller.
66  intracochlear pressure
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
BAHD (1 time)
BCIs (1 time)
DStap (1 time)
2017 Stapes displacement and intracochlear pressure in response to very high level, low frequency sounds.
67  Pacific Island countries
(3 times)
Health Services Administration
(1 time)
SIDS (1 time)
1992 Socioeconomic impacts and management ciguatera in the Pacific.
68  Pacing in Cardiomyopathy
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HOCM (1 time)
2000 [The best of cardiac pacing in 1999].
69  peritoneal inclusion cyst
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
PID (1 time)
2012 Comparison of laparoscopic and laparotomic surgery for the treatment of peritoneal inclusion cyst.
70  Petrochemical Industries Company
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NOx (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2016 Control of ammonia and urea emissions from urea manufacturing facilities of Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC), Kuwait.
71  photoimmunoconjugate
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BPD (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1996 Effect of charge on the interaction of site-specific photoimmunoconjugates with human ovarian cancer cells.
72  picumast
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
betaG (1 time)
CMA (1 time)
1987 Inhibition profiles of picumast and ketotifen on the in vitro release of prostanoids, slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis, histamine and enzyme from human leukocytes and rat alveolar macrophages.
73  polymorphic content value
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MHC (3 times)
1999 New polymorphic microsatellite markers in the human MHC class I region.
74  porous iron composite
(3 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
ZVI (3 times)
IOH (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
2014 Laboratory comparison of four iron-based filter materials for drainage water phosphate treatment.
75  postinterview communication
(3 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
--- 2016 Applicant Interview Experiences and Postinterview Communication of the 2016 Radiation Oncology Match Cycle.
76  posturally induced crackles
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
CV (1 time)
VC (1 time)
1989 [Study on the genesis of posturally induced crackles from hemodynamic data--in patients with ischemic heart disease having normal respiratory function].
77  potentially ineffective care
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HMOs (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
1995 Potentially ineffective care. A new outcome to assess the limits of critical care.
78  preforamen incisor cleft
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CLP (3 times)
TIC (3 times)
DAI (1 time)
2010 Malocclusion characteristics of patients with cleft lip and/or palate.
79  preliminary incubation
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
TAC (2 times)
SCC (1 time)
TBC (1 time)
2009 Risk factors for bacteriological quality of bulk tank milk in Prince Edward Island dairy herds. Part 2: bacteria count-specific risk factors.
80  pressure for initial correction
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
DCS (2 times)
psi (2 times)
PC (1 time)
2008 Dynamic compression system for the correction of pectus carinatum.
81  Pseudo-isocyanine chloride
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
TEG (1 time)
2009 Supported lipid bilayer templated J-aggregate growth: role of stabilizing cation-pi interactions and headgroup packing.
82  Punjab Institute of Cardiology
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
2004 Symptoms of depression and anxiety in post-myocardial infarction patients.
83  2-PI complex
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
alpha 2-PI (2 times)
TAT (2 times)
aPAI-1 (1 time)
1993 [Serial changes in hemostatic and fibrinolytic states induced by coronary thrombolytic therapy].
84  paclitaxel, ifosfamide, and cisplatin
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DLs (1 time)
SCLC (1 time)
2000 Phase I study of dose-escalated paclitaxel, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (PIC) combination chemotherapy in advanced solid tumours.
85  paired-ion chromatography
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FAB (1 time)
IIR (1 time)
1984 Ultra-violet visualization of inorganic anions by reversed-phase ion-interaction chromatography; factors that control retention and selectivity.
86  Participatory and Informed Consent
(2 times)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
2017 Informed consent in randomised controlled trials: development and preliminary evaluation of a measure of Participatory and Informed Consent (PIC).
87  Particulate inorganic
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
APase (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
2013 The role of stream water carbon dynamics and export in the carbon balance of a tropical seasonal rainforest, southwest China.
88  Partners in Care: Together for Kids
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CMSN (1 time)
2009 Music therapy in an integrated pediatric palliative care program.
89  pathological immune complexes
(2 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
2008 [Placental changes in type 1 diabetes mellitus].
90  perceived inappropriate care
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ICH (1 time)
NCC (1 time)
2014 Inappropriate care in European ICUs: confronting views from nurses and junior and senior physicians.
91  percutaneous interstitial chemotherapy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FNB (1 time)
1986 Percutaneous interstitial chemotherapy of a small hepatocellular carcinoma under ultrasound guidance.
92  percutaneous intragastric catheter
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 Percutaneous intragastric catheter (PIC) for administration of an unpalatable substance to large animals.
93  periodic inward current
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AHP (2 times)
AMPA (2 times)
DNQX (2 times)
1994 Hippocampal inhibitory neuron activity in the elevated potassium model of epilepsy.
94  perioperative chemotherapy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CRS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CRPC (1 time)
2011 Outcomes of elderly patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy for colorectal cancer peritoneal carcinomatosis.
95  peripherally inserted central
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1996 Supraventricular tachycardia precipitated by a peripherally inserted central catheter.
96  permethrin-impregnated curtains
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
IVC (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
1998 Baseline immunity of the population and impact of insecticide-treated curtains on malaria infection.
97  person in charge
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CFM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2005 Hand washing compliance among retail food establishment workers in Minnesota.
98  Personality in Intellectual Aging Contexts Inventory
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
BTACT (1 time)
ECB (1 time)
2012 Race differences in intellectual control beliefs and cognitive functioning.
99  pharmacologically-induced coma
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
aNGC (1 time)
BSP (1 time)
IVADs (1 time)
2018 Variability in pharmacologically-induced coma for treatment of refractory status epilepticus.
100  phase inversion composition method
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ad (1 time)
2010 Nano-emulsions prepared by the phase inversion composition method: preparation variables and scale up.