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Abbreviation: PIN
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Long forms: 147

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia
(863 times)
Urology
(242 times)
BPH (112 times)
PSA (94 times)
PCA (86 times)
1988 Premalignant lesions of the prostate.
PIN-FORMED
(156 times)
Botany
(70 times)
PID (19 times)
PM (10 times)
BFA (6 times)
2000 Regulation of auxin response by the protein kinase PINOID.
posterior interosseous nerve
(119 times)
General Surgery
(44 times)
AIN (8 times)
EDC (5 times)
AP (3 times)
1986 Elbow arthrography in the evaluation of posterior interosseous nerve compression in rheumatoid arthritis.
protein interaction network
(34 times)
Biology
(11 times)
GO (7 times)
MCODE (6 times)
PPIs (3 times)
2006 Preferential duplication in the sparse part of yeast protein interaction network.
PilT N-terminus
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
TA (3 times)
EST1A (1 time)
HRR (1 time)
2003 New connections in the prokaryotic toxin-antitoxin network: relationship with the eukaryotic nonsense-mediated RNA decay system.
protein inhibitor of nNOS
(21 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
nNOS (14 times)
NO (10 times)
NOS (3 times)
1999 Expression and regulation of protein inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in ventilatory muscles.
protein-protein interaction network
(16 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
CSMSLs (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2005 Spectral analysis of protein-protein interactions in Drosophila melanogaster.
posterior intralaminar nucleus
(15 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
SG (8 times)
LA (4 times)
AL (3 times)
1990 Topographic organization of neurons in the acoustic thalamus that project to the amygdala.
pain-inhibited neurons
(14 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
PEN (14 times)
ACh (5 times)
Pf (4 times)
1984 The simultaneous discharges of two neurons in N. Pf and RF and the influences on them by stimulating central gray matter.
10  posterior interpositus nucleus
(13 times)
Brain
(6 times)
AIN (8 times)
FN (5 times)
MN (4 times)
1985 Electrophysiological study of the corticonuclear projection in the cat cerebellum.
11  protein inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
nNOS (7 times)
NO (2 times)
ORF (2 times)
1998 Cloning and structure of a rabbit protein inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (PIN) gene and its pseudogene.
12  Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition
(12 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
DQI-P (2 times)
MVPA (2 times)
2002 A Diet Quality Index for Pregnancy detects variation in diet and differences by sociodemographic factors.
13  personal identification number
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ARB (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
BCI (1 time)
1995 Medicarte software developed for the Quebec microprocessor health card project.
14  positive-intrinsic-negative
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
APD (2 times)
BER (2 times)
VLC (2 times)
2006 Low magnetic moment PIN diodes for high field MRI surface coils.
15  pindolol
(6 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
CRO (1 time)
FUS (1 time)
HCTZ (1 time)
1990 Long-term effects of pindolol and a thiazide diuretic on plasma lipids and blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension.
16  posterior interosseous
(6 times)
Brain
(3 times)
AIN (4 times)
CSA (1 time)
DN (1 time)
1982 Distribution of cerebellar fiber terminals in the midbrain visuomotor areas: an autoradiographic study in the cat.
17  pathway interaction network
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PPI (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
PCA (3 times)
2017 Investigating dysregulated pathways in Staphylococcus aureus (SA) exposed macrophages based on pathway interaction network.
18  pinacyanol
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CB7 (2 times)
PIC (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2001 Location of Pinacyanol in Micellar Solutions of N-Alkyl Trimethylammonium Bromide Surfactants.
19  pinocembrin
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ROS (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2008 NF-kappaB-activated tissue transglutaminase is involved in ethanol-induced hepatic injury and the possible role of propolis in preventing fibrogenesis.
20  phase inversion nanoencapsulation
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ATRA (1 time)
Cp (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
2000 Nanosphere based oral insulin delivery.
21  problematic internet use
(4 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
--- 2015 [Biological basis of problematic internet use (PIN) and therapeutic implications].
22  patient identity number
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BTK (3 times)
XLA (3 times)
1996 BTKbase, mutation database for X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA).
23  Percutaneous intraspinal navigation
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SSFP (1 time)
2003 MR-guided catheter navigation of the intracranial subarachnoid space.
24  perforate invaginate
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ESDP (1 time)
EVS (1 time)
GSV (1 time)
1994 Invaginated axial saphenectomy by a semirigid stripper: perforate-invaginate stripping.
25  Pharmaceutical Information Network
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AEFI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2014 Herpes zoster vaccine (HZV): utilization and coverage 2009 - 2013, Alberta, Canada.
26  pinacyanol chloride
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HMM (2 times)
CTAB (1 time)
2009 Spectral studies on the interaction of pinacyanol chloride with binary surfactants in aqueous medium.
27  pinosylvin
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AA (2 times)
MTX (2 times)
PTE (2 times)
2010 In vivo effect of pinosylvin and pterostilbene in the animal model of adjuvant arthritis.
28  population impact number
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
DIN (2 times)
NNT (2 times)
CIN (1 time)
2002 Impact numbers in health policy decisions.
29  prostatic neoplasia
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BPH (2 times)
HSP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1997 Free and total serum PSA values in patients with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN), prostate cancer and BPH. Is F/T PSA a potential probe for dormant and manifest cancer?
30  particulate inorganic nitrogen
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PN (2 times)
POC (2 times)
DOC (1 time)
2009 [Distribution and source of particulate organic carbon in the Bohai Bay and its adjacent Bohai Sea, China].
31  patient information network
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
HIS (1 time)
PACS (1 time)
RIS (1 time)
1991 Integrating an LIS into a PIN (patient information network).
32  Patient Interpretation of Neuropathy
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DPN (1 time)
IPQ-R (1 time)
2006 Patient Interpretation of Neuropathy (PIN) questionnaire: an instrument for assessment of cognitive and emotional factors associated with foot self-care.
33  peptidyl-inhibitory needle
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EA4 (1 time)
TIME (1 time)
1999 Accomplishment of time-interval activation of esterase A4 by simple removal of pin fraction.
34  personal identity number
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2009 The Swedish personal identity number: possibilities and pitfalls in healthcare and medical research.
35  phosphatidylinositol
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PGL (2 times)
PS (2 times)
SPM (2 times)
1984 Stimulation of brain synaptosome-associated adenylate cyclase by acidic phospholipids.
36  Physician Integrated Network
(2 times)
Health Services Accessibility
(1 time)
SES (1 time)
2015 Does a pay-for-performance program for primary care physicians alleviate health inequity in childhood vaccination rates?
37  post-infectious neuromyasthenia
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1987 Post-infectious fatigue.
38  posterior interosseous neuropathy
(2 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2004 [The role of electrophysiologic tests in the early diagnosis of posterior interosseous neuropathy in patients thought to have lateral epicondylitis].
39  Pregnancy, Nutrition, and Infection
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Direct observation of neighborhood attributes in an urban area of the US south: characterizing the social context of pregnancy.
40  pressure-induced nucleation
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
poly-Si (2 times)
a-Si (1 time)
C/L (1 time)
2013 Formation of silicon nanoparticles by a pressure induced nucleation mechanism.
41  previous ipsilateral nephrectomy
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
LA (2 times)
RCC (2 times)
2011 Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for metachronous metastases after ipsilateral nephrectomy for renal-cell carcinoma.
42  prostatic hyperplasia and intraepithelial neoplasia
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
FID (1 time)
HiSS (1 time)
2008 High spectral and spatial resolution MRI of age-related changes in murine prostate.
43  proximity-based intensity normalization
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Improved intensity-based label-free quantification via proximity-based intensity normalization (PIN).
44  alpha-pinene
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
BME (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2000 Estimation of rat blood:air partition coefficients of volatile organic chemicals using reconstituted mixtures of blood components.
45  beta-pinene
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
LIM (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2011 Gastroprotective mechanisms of Citrus lemon (Rutaceae) essential oil and its majority compounds limonene and beta-pinene: involvement of heat-shock protein-70, vasoactive intestinal peptide, glutathione, sulfhydryl compounds, nitric oxide and prostaglandin E₂.
46  cis-pinonic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Aerosol-ToF-CIMS (1 time)
MBTCA (1 time)
SOA (1 time)
2016 Kinetics, Mechanism, and Secondary Organic Aerosol Yield of Aqueous Phase Photo-oxidation of alpha-Pinene Oxidation Products.
47  inosine phosphate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
IN (1 time)
2000 Stability of disodium salt of inosine phosphate in aqueous solutions.
48  pan-intestinal necrosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FIP (1 time)
NEC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2002 Laparotomy in very small premature infants with necrotizing enterocolitis or focal intestinal perforation: postoperative outcome.
49  parameters, such as focus to surface distance
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BEV (1 time)
DRRs (1 time)
2006 Performance and characteristics of an IR localizing system for radiation therapy.
50  Parent and Infant
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2016 Understanding the implementation and effectiveness of a group-based early parenting intervention: a process evaluation protocol.
51  parenteral immunonutrition
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EIN (1 time)
EN (1 time)
2018 Effect of immunonutrition on colorectal cancer patients undergoing surgery: a meta-analysis.
52  pars intermedia nervosa
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
MSH (1 time)
PD (1 time)
RIA (1 time)
1978 Biological and radioimmunological evidence for melanocyte stimulating hormones (MSH) of extrapituitary origin in the rat brain.
53  Partners in Nursing
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2011 Partners in nursing: a mentoring initiative to enhance nurse retention.
54  pathologically interconnected neuron
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HYP (1 time)
LVF (1 time)
pHFOs (1 time)
2019 Unit firing and oscillations at seizure onset in epileptic rodents.
55  Patient In Need Scheme
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
IPF (1 time)
MPP (1 time)
2018 South-West of England's Experience of the Safety and Tolerability Pirfenidone and Nintedanib for the Treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).
56  patients, prostate cancer in situ
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
DRE (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2005 Diagnosis of prostate cancer in Serbia.
57  pediatric intractable nephropathy
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MTSD (1 time)
TXB2 (1 time)
2000 [Clinical observation on treatment of pediatric intractable nephropathy with modified taohong siwu decoction].
58  pedicle screw insertion guided by navigation
(1 time)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
MIS (1 time)
PIF (1 time)
2019 Navigation Versus Fluoroscopy in Multilevel MIS Pedicle Screw Insertion: Separate Analysis of Exposure to Radiation of the Surgeon and of the Patients.
59  peel-in-nip
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 Creep of a fracture line in paper peeling.
60  penile intraepithelial lesions
(1 time)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
ISH (1 time)
1994 Clinical course and prognostic factors of human papillomavirus infections in men.
61  Penobscot Indian Nation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
RARE (1 time)
2015 Survey of the mutagenicity of surface water, sediments, and drinking water from the Penobscot Indian Nation.
62  perceived injunctive norms
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
IPV (1 time)
PDN (1 time)
2019 The Causal Influence of Perceived Social Norms on Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration: Converging Cross-Sectional, Longitudinal, and Experimental Support for a Social Disinhibition Model.
63  percent inorganic nitrogen
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
TC (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2006 Fresh, stockpiled, and composted beef cattle feedlot manure: nutrient levels and mass balance estimates in Alberta and Manitoba.
64  percentage increase in nuchal thickness
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
MoM (1 time)
1999 Gestational age standardized nuchal thickness values for estimating mid-trimester Down's syndrome risk.
65  Perforate Invagination
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EQ (1 time)
LSV (1 time)
SF-36 (1 time)
2001 Long saphenous vein stripping and quality of life--a randomised trial.
66  perforation-invagination
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DVI (1 time)
2006 Prevention or reversal of deep venous insufficiency by aggressive treatment of superficial venous disease.
67  peripheral i.v. nutrition
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LCTs (1 time)
MCTs (1 time)
1999 Incidence of vein thrombosis in peripheral intravenous nutrition: effect of fat emulsions.
68  peripheral intravenous nutrition
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2000 Peripheral intravenous nutrition therapy: outpatient, office-based administration.
69  person identity node
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2005 By which name should I call thee? The consequences of having multiple names.
70  Personal identification
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Personal identification (PIN) numbers: a new cause of financial exclusion in older people.
71  Personal Identifying Number
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 1999 Personal identifying number as a unique patient identifier in database on clinically treated patients in Belgrade: its use, advantages and drawbacks.
72  perugia ileal neobladder
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
RC (1 time)
2012 Perugia ileal neobladder: functional results and complications.
73  phenotype informed network
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2015 Symptom-driven idiopathic disease gene identification.
74  phosphatidyl inositol pentanicotinate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Absorption in rats, dogs, pigs, and humans of nicotinic acid after oral administration of phosphatidyl inositol pentanicotinate hydrochloride (PIN).
75  phosphatidyl inositol pentanicotinate hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Absorption in rats, dogs, pigs, and humans of nicotinic acid after oral administration of phosphatidyl inositol pentanicotinate hydrochloride (PIN).
76  PilT amino terminus
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Cloning, expression and characterization of the human NOB1 gene.
77  PilT N-terminus like
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
NTD (1 time)
ZF (1 time)
2016 Structural basis for the regulation of enzymatic activity of Regnase-1 by domain-domain interactions.
78  PIN code
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PLWH (1 time)
SMS (1 time)
2015 Know your audience: predictors of success for a patient-centered texting app to augment linkage to HIV care in rural Uganda.
79  PIN FORMED PROTEIN
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2015 The co-chaperone p23 controls root development through the modulation of auxin distribution in the Arabidopsis root meristem.
80  PIN grades II and III
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
1993 Computerized static DNA ploidy analysis of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia.
81  PIN promoter
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
2019 Weisiensin B inhibits primary and lateral root development by interfering with polar auxin transport in Arabidopsis thaliana.
82  pin tactile discrimination
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
IAN (1 time)
LT (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2001 Repeatability of 5 clinical neurosensory tests used in orthognathic surgery.
83  PIN-FORMED proteins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 The allelochemical farnesene affects Arabidopsis thaliana root meristem altering auxin distribution.
84  pinacol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PZA (1 time)
2017 Regioselective Synthesis of o-Benzenediboronic Acids via Ir-Catalyzed o-C-H Borylation Directed by a Pyrazolylaniline-Modified Boronyl Group.
85  pinazepam
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DMD (1 time)
DZP (1 time)
HZP (1 time)
1992 Comparative metabolism of clinically important precursors of N-desmethyldiazepam using phenobarbitone-pretreated rat liver microsomes.
86  pineal gland
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
MEL (1 time)
RF (1 time)
SCO (1 time)
1979 Observations on the secretions of the subcommissural organ and the pineal in the adult brush-talled possum (Trichosurus vulpecula).
87  pinhole
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
FL (1 time)
PB (1 time)
2010 Slit-Slat and Multislit-Slat Collimator Design and Experimentally Acquired Phantom Images from a Rotating Prototype.
88  Pinoline
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
LPO (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
NAS (1 time)
2007 Pinoline and N-acetylserotonin reduce glutamate-induced lipid peroxidation in retinal homogenates.
89  Pinoresinol
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2013 Pinoresinol inhibits proliferation and induces differentiation on human HL60 leukemia cells.
90  Pinostilbene
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PTE (1 time)
2016 Identification of pinostilbene as a major colonic metabolite of pterostilbene and its inhibitory effects on colon cancer cells.
91  piperine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ACN (1 time)
2009 Stability-indicating reversed-phase liquid chromatographic methods for the determination of aconitine and piperine in a polyherbal formulation.
92  placental inflammation negative
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PIP (1 time)
2018 Severe vitamin D deficiency in the first trimester is associated with placental inflammation in high-risk singleton pregnancy.
93  plexiform intraneural neurofibroma
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
PSCL (1 time)
2018 Low-fat, plexiform spindle cell lipoma of the lip expressing S100 protein: a neural tumor simulator.
94  PLGA-ICG nanoparticles
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ICG (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
2012 Multifunctionality of indocyanine green-loaded biodegradable nanoparticles for enhanced optical imaging and hyperthermia intervention of cancer.
95  PLI into three sub-groups
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
PLI (1 time)
2015 Is there a relationship between genetic merit and enteric methane emission rate of lactating Holstein-Friesian dairy cows?
96  Point mutation instability
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
FAH (1 time)
HT1 (1 time)
2012 Point mutation instability (PIN) mutator phenotype as model for true back mutations seen in hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 - a hypothesis.
97  point mutation instability mutator
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
FAH (1 time)
HT1 (1 time)
2012 Point mutation instability (PIN) mutator phenotype as model for true back mutations seen in hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 - a hypothesis.
98  polar auxin transporter genes
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2019 Nitric oxide alters nitrogen metabolism and PIN gene expressions by playing protective role in arsenic challenged Brassica juncea L.
99  pollution index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PIi (1 time)
2017 Multivariate statistical and lead isotopic analyses approach to identify heavy metal sources in topsoil from the industrial zone of Beijing Capital Iron and Steel Factory.
100  polymerase I transcription inhibitory activity
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
WCE (1 time)
1993 Presence of an inhibitor of RNA polymerase I mediated transcription in extracts from growth arrested mouse cells.