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Abbreviation: PIR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
poverty income ratio
(39 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
NHANES (14 times)
CI (6 times)
OR (6 times)
1982 Nutritional status of the elderly in the United States of America, 1971-1974.
postinhibitory rebound
(35 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
DE (4 times)
CPG (3 times)
SFA (3 times)
1974 Motor pattern production in reciprocally inhibitory neurons exhibiting postinhibitory rebound.
Protein Information Resource
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
SIB (11 times)
EBI (10 times)
UniProt (9 times)
1993 Peptide mass maps: a highly informative approach to protein identification.
Protein Identification Resource
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
GCCM (2 times)
PDB (2 times)
SDS (2 times)
1986 The protein identification resource (PIR).
piracetam
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
LEV (5 times)
MDA (2 times)
OXI (2 times)
1981 Effects of nootropic drugs on dopaminergic systems in the CNS.
passive infrared
(14 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
ADL (1 time)
BMDS (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2004 Automated measurement of freezing time to contextual and auditory cues in fear conditioning as a simple screening method to assess learning and memory abilities in rats.
psychological insulin resistance
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
BIT (2 times)
C-ITAS (2 times)
DM (2 times)
2007 Evaluation of inhaled insulin therapy for diabetes mellitus.
paired Ig-like receptor
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
Ig (2 times)
LILR (2 times)
CHIR (1 time)
1998 Inhibitory and stimulatory functions of paired Ig-like receptor (PIR) family in RBL-2H3 cells.
pirenzepine
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
ACh (2 times)
CCh (2 times)
CIM (2 times)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
10  paired immunoglobulin-like receptor
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
BCR (2 times)
ILT (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1998 Paired immunoglobulin-like receptor (PIR)-A is involved in activating mast cells through its association with Fc receptor gamma chain.
11  protein interaction reporter
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PLRV (2 times)
CL (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2005 Mass spectrometry identifiable cross-linking strategy for studying protein-protein interactions.
12  Partners in Recovery
(9 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
SPMI (3 times)
2014 Impact of care coordination on Australia's mental health service delivery system.
13  proportional incidence ratio
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AARs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
1997 Socioeconomic deprivation and health in Glasgow and the west of Scotland--a study of cancer incidence among male residents of hostels for the single homeless.
14  pyroelectric infrared
(7 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
FOV (2 times)
HMMs (2 times)
EM (1 time)
2006 Path-dependent human identification using a pyroelectric infrared sensor and fresnel lens arrays.
15  partial-interval recording
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
MTS (5 times)
CDR (1 time)
IOA (1 time)
1986 Methods of time sampling: A reappraisal of momentary time sampling and partial interval recording.
16  Pirin
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AMLs (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
FAAH (1 time)
2009 Coordinate control of expression of Nrf2-modulated genes in the human small airway epithelium is highly responsive to cigarette smoking.
17  Pediatric interventional radiology
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
IR (1 time)
2006 Image-guided therapy and minimally invasive surgery in children: a merging future.
18  pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
2014 Pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption of a permanent first molar.
19  primary immune response
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SIR (2 times)
SP (2 times)
DNFB (1 time)
1973 The early primary immune response to absorbed tetanus toxoid in man: A study of the influence of antigen concentration, carrier concentration, and sequence of dosage on the rate, extent, and persistence of the immune response to one and to two doses of toxoid.
20  performance index rating
(4 times)
Physical Fitness
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
RAE (1 time)
2016 Basketball Performance Is Related to Maturity and Relative Age in Elite Adolescent Players.
21  phosphorylated insulin receptor interacting region
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PH (2 times)
SH2 (2 times)
FGFR (1 time)
2002 The adapter protein ZIP binds Grb14 and regulates its inhibitory action on insulin signaling by recruiting protein kinase Czeta.
22  photoplethysmogram intensity ratio
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BP (4 times)
PTT (4 times)
SBP (2 times)
2016 Continuous Cuffless Blood Pressure Estimation Using Pulse Transit Time and Photoplethysmogram Intensity Ratio.
23  plasma inactive renin
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
PAR (2 times)
PRA (2 times)
Ang (1 time)
1987 [Increase in plasma levels of active and inactive renin after inhibition of renin activity by SR 42128 in conscious Macaca monkeys].
24  postoperative insulin resistance
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
OCH (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
GLUT4 (1 time)
2006 Preoperative oral carbohydrate administration to ASA III-IV patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery.
25  pre-engraftment immune reaction
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CBT (3 times)
ES (3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
2005 Early immune reaction after reduced-intensity cord-blood transplantation for adult patients.
26  preabsorptive insulin response
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AMPH (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
GMP (1 time)
1986 Pre- and postabsorptive insulin secretion in chronic decerebrate rats.
27  proteasome inhibitor-resistant
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
BMSC (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
IKK (1 time)
1990 A block at Man5GlcNAc2-pyrophosphoryldolichol in intact but not disrupted castanospermine and swainsonine-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells.
28  parasitic infection rate
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
--- 2009 Mansonella ozzardi in Brazil: prevalence of infection in riverine communities in the Purus region, in the state of Amazonas.
29  PCNA-interacting region
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CDK (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
2010 Regulation of translesion synthesis DNA polymerase eta by monoubiquitination.
30  piroximone
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CAD (1 time)
ENO (1 time)
ESPVR (1 time)
1992 Synergistic platelet inhibitory effect of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor piroximone and iloprost.
31  positive inotropic response
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CHF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
2007 Effects of treatment with a 5-HT4 receptor antagonist in heart failure.
32  post-infarct remodeling
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI/R (1 time)
Cav-3 (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2011 Telmisartan attenuates isoproterenol-induced cardiac remodeling in rats via regulation of cardiac adiponectin expression.
33  postisometric relaxation
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PNF (2 times)
CV (1 time)
MET (1 time)
2009 Athlete compliance to therapist requested contraction intensity during proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.
34  proportional impairment ratios
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AHs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
H1R (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of efficacy and sedative profiles of H(1) antihistamines by large-scale surveillance using the visual analogue scale (VAS).
35  public involvement in research
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
--- 2016 Public involvement in research within care homes: benefits and challenges in the APPROACH study.
36  income-to-poverty ratio
(2 times)
Obesity
(1 time)
AFA (1 time)
DS (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2014 Abdominal adiposity and family income-to-poverty ratio in American women.
37  parametric iterative reconstruction
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
HF (1 time)
OSEM (1 time)
1997 The direct calculation of parametric images from dynamic PET data using maximum-likelihood iterative reconstruction.
38  PARP-inhibitor-resistant
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AME (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Resistance to therapy caused by intragenic deletion in BRCA2.
39  partially inverted repeat
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CNM (1 time)
2007 The intragenomic polymorphism of a partially inverted repeat (PIR) in Gallus gallus domesticus, potential role of inverted repeats in satellite DNAs evolution.
40  patients in recovery
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2008 The patients in recovery (PIR) perspective: teaching physicians about methamphetamine.
41  Pelvic Injury Register
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
TR (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2012 Acute management and outcome of multiple trauma patients with pelvic disruptions.
42  percentage inhibition rate
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
LC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2012 Compositional analysis and insecticidal activity of Eucalyptus globulus (family: Myrtaceae) essential oil against housefly (Musca domestica).
43  peri-infarct region
(2 times)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
MEMRI (2 times)
DEMRI (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
2015 Manganese-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging Enables In Vivo Confirmation of Peri-Infarct Restoration Following Stem Cell Therapy in a Porcine Ischemia-Reperfusion Model.
44  perifocal inflammatory reaction
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DRIR (1 time)
2006 Detection of lymphatic invasion in early stage primary colorectal cancer with the monoclonal antibody D2-40.
45  peripheral immune response
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TIA (2 times)
WBC (1 time)
2014 Peripheral immune response and infection in first-time and recurrent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.
46  pirarubicin
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DAU (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
IC50 (1 time)
2010 An instrument-based screening assay for DNA-targeted anticancer drugs using resonance light scattering.
47  piribedil
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BUS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1987 Discriminative stimulus properties of D1 and D2 dopamine agonists in rats.
48  placental inflammatory response
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRP (2 times)
NLR (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Assessment of predictive markers for placental inflammatory response in preterm births.
49  platelet inhibition rate
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ACS (2 times)
ADP (2 times)
TEG (2 times)
2015 CYP2C19*2 and Other Allelic Variants Affecting Platelet Response to Clopidogrel Tested by Thrombelastography in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome.
50  policy and implementation research
(2 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2016 Transforming Global Health by Improving the Science of Scale-Up.
51  polyisocyanurate
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FLEC (1 time)
SER A (1 time)
2016 Influence of suspended particles on the emission of organophosphate flame retardant from insulation boards.
52  poor immunological responder
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
AIR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
rhIL-7 (1 time)
2018 HIV reservoir dynamics in HAART-treated poor immunological responder patients under IL-7 therapy.
53  post-integration repair
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
ATM (1 time)
DSB (1 time)
NBS1 (1 time)
2008 Evidence that the Nijmegen breakage syndrome protein, an early sensor of double-strand DNA breaks (DSB), is involved in HIV-1 post-integration repair by recruiting the ataxia telangiectasia-mutated kinase in a process similar to, but distinct from, cellular DSB repair.
54  post-irradiation
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
anti-VEGF (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1999 Upregulated expression of fibronectin receptors underlines the adhesive capability of thymocytes to thymic epithelial cells during the early stages of differentiation: lessons from sublethally irradiated mice.
55  practice immunization rates
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PROS (1 time)
VFC (1 time)
2002 Practitioner policies and beliefs and practice immunization rates: a study from Pediatric Research in Office Settings and the National Medical Association.
56  practice injury rate
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
GIR (2 times)
AHs (1 time)
2013 Injuries in a Japanese Division I collegiate american football team: a 3-season prospective study.
57  pregestational insulin resistance
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
MTF (1 time)
2014 Assessment of pregestational insulin resistance as a risk factor of preeclampsia.
58  preignition reaction
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PTFE (2 times)
EMs (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2016 Probing the Reaction Mechanism of Aluminum/Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Composites.
59  pressure increase rate
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ME (2 times)
1998 Middle ear pressure variations during 50% N2O anesthesia as a function of mastoid pneumatization.
60  proportionate injury ratios
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CHIRPP (1 time)
eCHIRPP (1 time)
NWT (1 time)
2013 Injuries in the North--analysis of 20 years of surveillance data collected by the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program.
61  prospective individualized reimbursement
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
1986 Comparison of two prospective rate-setting models: the DRG and PIR models.
62  protein sequence databank
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Protein fragment variability analysis and some principles of protein engineering of vaccines.
63  (DAP)-piracetam
(1 time)
Crystallography
(1 time)
DAP (1 time)
TEO (1 time)
2017 Crystal structure of pharmaceutical cocrystals of 2,6-diaminopyridine with piracetam and theophylline.
64  ACR-Pediatric Imaging Research
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 White Paper on P4 Concepts for Pediatric Imaging.
65  murine-paired Ig-like receptor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Paired Ig-like receptors bind to bacteria and shape TLR-mediated cytokine production.
66  P. emblica I/R
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2015 Protective effects of Phyllanthus emblica against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury: the role of PI3-kinase/glycogen synthase kinase 3beta/beta-catenin pathway.
67  paediatric IR
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2013 Use of digital dosemeters for supporting staff radiation safety in paediatric interventional radiology suites.
68  pain intensity rating
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Cor (1 time)
ith (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
1999 Intrathecal injection of corticotropin inhibited nitric-oxide synthase-positive neuron increase in rat spinal cord after formalin-induced hyperalgesia.
69  pancreatic ischemia and reperfusion
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
PCBAL (1 time)
2018 Niacin Pretreatment Attenuates Ischemia and Reperfusion of Pancreas-induced Acute Pancreatitis and Remote Lung Injury Through Suppressing Oxidative Stress and Inflammation and Activation of SIRT1.
70  paradoxical immunologic response
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
HAART (1 time)
2011 Factors associated with paradoxical immune response to antiretroviral therapy in HIV infected patients: a case control study.
71  paraffin immunoreactivity
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
Bcl (1 time)
FCCL (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2001 Paraffin immunoreactivity of CD10, CDw75, and Bcl-6 in follicle center cell lymphoma.
72  parallel-to-interface-refraction
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Light trapping and near-unity solar absorption in a three-dimensional photonic-crystal.
73  Parasitological incidence rates
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HPIR (1 time)
MMIR (1 time)
PHP (1 time)
1993 [Development of a simple and reliable method for estimating malaria morbidity according to the modified Muench model].
74  partial inferior rupture
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
T2-GEI (1 time)
1992 [Contribution of gradient-echo MRI in the study of subacromial pathology: correlation between surgery and arthrography].
75  partial internal reflection
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2006 Analysis of Gibbs monolayer adsorbed at the toluene/water interface by UV-visible partial internal reflection spectrometry.
76  particle inhalation rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2018 Longitudinal associations of long-term exposure to ultrafine particles with blood pressure and systemic inflammation in Puerto Rican adults.
77  passive internal rotation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AER (1 time)
AFE (1 time)
RCR (1 time)
2010 Range of motion limitation after rotator cuff repair.
78  patellar instability ratio
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
NPV (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2016 Individualizing the Tibial Tubercle-Trochlear Groove Distance: Patellar Instability Ratios That Predict Recurrent Instability.
79  patient-initiated refusal
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
OLMC (1 time)
1995 Patient-initiated refusals of prehospital care: ambulance call report documentation, patient outcome, and on-line medical command.
80  patient-to-intensivist ratio
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2017 Association of Intensive Care Unit Patient-to-Intensivist Ratios With Hospital Mortality.
81  Peer Interpersonal Relatedness
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
HLM (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2014 Randomized controlled trial of a friendship skills intervention on adolescent depressive symptoms.
82  pentagon isolation rule
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2005 Bond order bond polarizability model for fullerene cages and nanotubes.
83  periapical or interradicular radiolucency
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Iodoform Vs Calcium Hydroxide/Zinc Oxide based pastes: 12-month findings of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
84  perioperative inotropic requirements
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1998 Doppler-derived left ventricular rate of pressure rise and inotropic requirements during mitral valve surgery.
85  peripheral interfollicular region
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
DLN (1 time)
MRR (1 time)
2011 Chemokines control naive CD8+ T cell selection of optimal lymph node antigen presenting cells.
86  peripheral iris roll
(1 time)
AAC (1 time)
AC (1 time)
AS-OCT (1 time)
2016 Qualitative evaluation of anterior segment in angle closure disease using anterior segment optical coherence tomography.
87  persons in recovery
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2019 Social inclusion among mental health service users: A reliability test of the Mini-SCOPE Scale.
88  phagocytic inflammatory response
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AACOIs (1 time)
NPIR (1 time)
PI (1 time)
1987 Pathway to carrageenan-induced inflammation in the hind limb of the rat.
89  phosphotyrosine interacting region
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Evidence for an interaction between the insulin receptor and Grb7. A role for two of its binding domains, PIR and SH2.
90  photoinhibition of respiration
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1977 [Photoinduced inhibition and stimulation of respiration in cells of Halobacterium halobiums kinetics, action spectra, relationship to photoinduction of deltapH].
91  photoionization-induced radiation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2018 Terahertz Pulse Generation in Underdense Relativistic Plasmas: From Photoionization-Induced Radiation to Coherent Transition Radiation.
92  physically irreducible representation
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
IRs (1 time)
SGs (1 time)
2013 Tabulation of irreducible representations of the crystallographic space groups and their superspace extensions.
93  Physician in Residence
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
SP (1 time)
1999 Use of standardized patients to evaluate the physicians in residence program: a substance abuse training approach.
94  PI-resistant
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
PIs (1 time)
2009 Impact of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 resistance to protease inhibitors on evolution of resistance to the maturation inhibitor bevirimat (PA-457).
95  pirbuterol
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1997 Beta 2-adrenergic dilation of resistance coronary vessels involves KATP channels and nitric oxide in conscious dogs.
96  pirenzepine ophthalmic gel
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2003 A tolerability study of pirenzepine ophthalmic gel in myopic children.
97  pirfenidone
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CS (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2017 Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) - common practice in Poland before the "antifibrotic drugs era".
98  piriform cortical area
(1 time)
Neuroanatomy
(1 time)
AOB (1 time)
AON (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
2012 Comprehensive connectivity of the mouse main olfactory bulb: analysis and online digital atlas.
99  piriform sinus
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
ARY (1 time)
BOT (1 time)
CHEP (1 time)
2016 Re-Evaluation of Open Partial Horizontal Laryngectomies at Our Institution According to the New Classification Recommended by the European Laryngological Society.
100  pirimicarb
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IMI (1 time)
MTA (1 time)
2015 Application of the combination index integrated with confidence intervals to study the toxicological interactions of antibiotics and pesticides in Vibrio qinghaiensis sp.-Q67.