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Abbreviation: PIs
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Long forms: 133

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
protease inhibitors
(1281 times)
Drug Therapy
(228 times)
NNRTIs (213 times)
NRTIs (176 times)
HIV (137 times)
1987 Potential role of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A in human reproduction.
phosphoinositides
(69 times)
Cell Biology
(21 times)
PtdIns (8 times)
PtdIns4P (3 times)
PX (3 times)
1988 Effects of osmolality on phosphoinositide hydrolysis in renal medulla.
principal investigators
(67 times)
Public Health
(11 times)
NIH (7 times)
IRBs (4 times)
IRB (3 times)
1990 Percentage of principal investigators (PIs) competing for NIH grants that are funded.
Phosphoinositides
(44 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
PtdIns (7 times)
HCV (3 times)
DAG (2 times)
2002 Inositol phospholipid metabolism in Arabidopsis. Characterized and putative isoforms of inositol phospholipid kinase and phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C.
pulsatility indices
(36 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
RIs (9 times)
MCA (6 times)
TCD (6 times)
1992 Color Doppler flow as an indicator of trophoblastic activity in tubal pregnancies detected by transvaginal ultrasound.
phosphatidylinositols
(29 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
PCs (15 times)
PEs (12 times)
PSs (10 times)
2001 Essential components of antimicrobial gastrointestinal epithelial barrier: specific interaction of mucin with an integral apical membrane protein of gastric mucosa.
prediction intervals
(27 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(7 times)
AR (2 times)
LUBE (2 times)
NNs (2 times)
1999 COLIPA validation project on in vitro eye irritation tests for cosmetic ingredients and finished products (phase I): the red blood cell test for the estimation of acute eye irritation potentials. Present status.
performance indicators
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
WWTP (4 times)
PIMS (2 times)
WWTPs (2 times)
1991 The application of performance indicators to nurse education (Part 1).
pressure injuries
(24 times)
Nursing
(13 times)
CI (2 times)
FE (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
2014 Pressure injury can occur in patients undergoing prolonged head and neck surgery.
10  plant introductions
(22 times)
Genetics
(10 times)
QTL (3 times)
SSR (3 times)
GWAS (2 times)
1991 The occurrence and frequency of 2n pollen in 2x, 4x, and 6x wild, tuber-bearing Solanum species from Mexico, and Central and South America.
11  package inserts
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
FDA (4 times)
PMDA (2 times)
SOM (2 times)
2003 Quality of life terminology included in package inserts for US approved medications.
12  Pacific Islanders
(16 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
CBPR (2 times)
API (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
2004 Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in Pacific Islanders--Hawaii, 2001-2003.
13  pharmacist interventions
(15 times)
Pharmacy
(6 times)
DRPs (3 times)
ADEs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 Prescriptions analysis by clinical pharmacists in the post-operative period: a 4-year prospective study.
14  peptidase inhibitors
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HIV (4 times)
Dyn (2 times)
i.t.v (2 times)
1994 Effects of a mixture of peptidase inhibitors (amastatin, captopril and phosphoramidon) on Met-enkephalin-, beta-endorphin-, dynorphin-(1-13)- and electroacupuncture-induced antinociception in rats.
15  pancreatic islets
(13 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
MRI (3 times)
BMCs (2 times)
BN (2 times)
2002 Treatment of streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus by transplantation of islet cells plus bone marrow cells via portal vein in rats.
16  polyimides
(13 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
Ar-PIs (1 time)
BHJ (1 time)
2008 Introducing porosity into polyimide nanoparticles.
17  PR inhibitors
(13 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
PR (12 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
RT (3 times)
2000 Polymorphism of HIV type 1 gag p7/p1 and p1/p6 cleavage sites: clinical significance and implications for resistance to protease inhibitors.
18  proliferation indices
(13 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
EFS (3 times)
MKI (3 times)
OS (3 times)
1992 Cytogenetic studies of workers from the rubber industry.
19  patient instructors
(12 times)
Education
(9 times)
ACIR (2 times)
CC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1980 Patient instructors as teachers and evaluators.
20  percutaneous injuries
(12 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
HCWs (4 times)
EPINet (3 times)
HIV (2 times)
1996 Percutaneous injuries in anesthesia personnel.
21  prognostic indices
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
OS (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
BCS (2 times)
2009 Prognostic indices for Budd-Chiari syndrome: valid for clinical studies but insufficient for individual management.
22  proliferative indices
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AI, MI (1 time)
AN (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1992 Pituitary adenoma proliferative indices and risk of recurrence.
23  photoinitiators
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
EHDAB (2 times)
GC-MS (2 times)
2008 Development of a method to study the migration of six photoinitiators into powdered milk.
24  HIV-protease inhibitors
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
HIV (2 times)
NNRTIs (2 times)
CIN (1 time)
2004 High-performance liquid chromatography assay for the quantification of HIV protease inhibitors and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in human plasma.
25  preparatory intervals
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
RTs (2 times)
COE (1 time)
EMG-RTs (1 time)
1979 "Mental set" in controls, postalcoholics, chronic schizophrenics, and "organics".
26  panoramic images
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CCAPs (2 times)
MI (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
2016 Meaningful correlation between asymptomatic retinal arteriole emboli and calcified carotid plaque found on panoramic dental imaging of males with diabetes.
27  pharmaceutical interventions
(5 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
DRPs (4 times)
BNZ (1 time)
SFPC (1 time)
2015 EPICC study: evaluation of pharmaceutical intervention in cancer care.
28  Photoinitiators
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ACIs (2 times)
BZPs (2 times)
TXs (2 times)
2009 Study of the migration of photoinitiators used in printed food-packaging materials into food simulants.
29  Pituitary incidentalomas
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
AH (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
GTR (1 time)
2011 Pituitary incidentalomas: a single-centre experience.
30  primary insomnia
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
GSs (4 times)
DMN (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2007 Discrepancy between subjective symptomatology and objective neuropsychological performance in insomnia.
31  primary investigators
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
NIH (4 times)
OM (1 time)
2014 The association between scholarly impact and National Institutes of Health funding in ophthalmology.
32  pancreatic incidentalomas
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
IPAS (1 time)
2006 Periampullary and pancreatic incidentaloma: a single institution's experience with an increasingly common diagnosis.
33  plaque indices
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CAT (1 time)
FM (1 time)
GBI (1 time)
2002 Testing the efficacy of 2 prototype brush heads for a powered toothbrush: refining the model.
34  polyisoprenols
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PC (2 times)
PIRS (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1984 Chemical synthesis and 2H NMR investigations of polyisoprenols: dynamics in model membranes.
35  predictive intervals
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2011 Lower upper bound estimation method for construction of neural network-based prediction intervals.
36  primary isolates
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
TCLA (2 times)
Env (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2001 Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
37  protective indices
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
AED (1 time)
BIs (1 time)
2005 Pharmacodynamic and/or pharmacokinetic characteristics of interactions between loreclezole and four conventional antiepileptic drugs in pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in mice: an isobolographic analysis.
38  pseudoislets
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
iECs (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2011 Pseudoislets in stirred-suspension culture exhibit enhanced cell survival, propagation and insulin secretion.
39  pathogenicity islands
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
S. Typhi (1 time)
SH (1 time)
SPIs (1 time)
2001 Type III secretion systems and pathogenicity islands.
40  perfusion indices
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
VOIs (2 times)
2013 High-resolution micro-SPECT to evaluate the regional brain perfusion in the adult Beagle dog.
41  perinatal infants
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BDs (2 times)
TOP (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
2017 Perinatal outcomes and congenital heart defect prognosis in 53313 non-selected perinatal infants.
42  phonated intervals
(3 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
FICs (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
PWS (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of a stuttering treatment based on reduction of short phonation intervals.
43  pilus islands
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GBS (2 times)
STs (2 times)
CCs (1 time)
2014 Pilus distribution among lineages of group b streptococcus: an evolutionary and clinical perspective.
44  portal images
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
SD (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2006 Target motion variability and on-line positioning accuracy during external-beam radiation therapy of prostate cancer with an endorectal balloon device.
45  postoperative infections
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
ABT (1 time)
DSWIs (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
1994 Surveillance of postoperative infections in thoracic surgery.
46  pregnanolone isomers
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
P5alpha (1 time)
PregS (1 time)
2005 Reinstatement of serum pregnanolone isomers and progesterone during alcohol detoxification therapy in premenopausal women.
47  preterm infants
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
cED (1 time)
H-adn (1 time)
T-adn (1 time)
2006 Cumulative effective doses delivered by radiographs to preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit.
48  pulmonary infiltrates
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2001 Pulmonary infiltrates in HIV-infected patients in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era in Spain.
49  pulsing intervals
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MCE (2 times)
IS (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
1999 Imaging of Myocardial Perfusion with SonoVuetrade mark in Patients with a Prior Myocardial Infarction.
50  pacing intervals
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CV (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AT (1 time)
2018 Structural remodeling and conduction velocity dynamics in the human left atrium: Relationship with reentrant mechanisms sustaining atrial fibrillation.
51  path integrals
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
KIEs (1 time)
1998 Distribution of the paths of early-arriving photons traversing a turbid medium.
52  penetration indices
(2 times)
Aerosols
(1 time)
aROI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
MMAD (1 time)
2001 Aerosol deposition and clearance measurement: a novel technique using dynamic SPET.
53  pericentric inversions
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
PGD (1 time)
1995 Pericentric inversions of chromosome 4: report of a new family and review of the literature.
54  pharmacy interns
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PAP (1 time)
SSIs (1 time)
2012 Compliance with antithrombotic guidelines in surgery patients in German hospitals: a multicenter study involving pharmacy interns.
55  phototoxic indexes
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PDT (2 times)
2015 Phototoxic Activity and DNA Interactions of Water-Soluble Porphyrins and Their Rhenium(I) Conjugates.
56  pontine infarctions
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
AHA (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2016 Voxel-based Histographic Analysis of the Basilar Artery in Patients with Isolated Pontine Infarction.
57  precipitation inhibitors
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
APIs (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2014 Poloxamer-based curcumin solid dispersions for ex tempore preparation of supersaturated solutions intended for antimicrobial photodynamic therapy.
58  primary infections
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
AIs (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2011 Deciphering the clinical impact of acute human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infections.
59  Prognostic indices
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2015 Residual proliferative cancer burden to predict long-term outcome following neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
60  Protective indices
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AEDs (2 times)
BIs (2 times)
FBM (2 times)
2005 Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic interaction studies of loreclezole with felbamate, lamotrigine, topiramate, and oxcarbazepine in the mouse maximal electroshock seizure model.
61  111In-polylysine antimyosin
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1992 Imaging of cardiac transplantation rejection in primates using two new antimyosin agents.
62  HIV-PR inhibitors
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HIV-MA (1 time)
HIV-PR (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2016 Expedient screening for HIV-1 protease inhibitors using a simplified immunochromatographic assay.
63  medications--protease inhibitors
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2000 Racial differences in attitudes toward protease inhibitors among older HIV-infected men.
64  pancreatic insulinomas
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2014 Is laparoscopic approach for pancreatic insulinomas safe? Results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
65  parallax images
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MDG (1 time)
2013 Wave-optical analysis of parallax-image generation based on multiple diffraction gratings.
66  parallel imports
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2004 Parallel imports and the pricing of pharmaceutical products: evidence from the European Union.
67  partial inflorescences
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2017 Comparative inflorescence development in selected Andean Santalales.
68  particular interacting with phosphoinositides
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PDZ (1 time)
2013 Phosphoinositides and PDZ domain scaffolds.
69  paternity indices
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
STRs (1 time)
VNTRs (1 time)
2008 Performance of the SNPforID 52 SNP-plex assay in paternity testing.
70  pathway inhibitors
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CIT (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
2018 High-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the era of pathway inhibitors: integrating molecular and cellular therapies.
71  patient identifiers
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CRIS (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
SLaM (1 time)
2013 Development and evaluation of a de-identification procedure for a case register sourced from mental health electronic records.
72  patients ranged from bitors
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
RAMs (1 time)
2018 Drug resistance-associated mutations in antiretroviral treatment-naive and -experienced patients in Kuwait.
73  patterns of invasion
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
Cx (1 time)
DSR (1 time)
2012 Peritumoral stromal remodeling, pattern of invasion and expression of c-met/HGF in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix uteri, FIGO stages III and IV.
74  peak intensities
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AUCs (1 time)
AUs (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2001 Ultrasonic assessment of physiological echo-contrast agent distribution in brain parenchyma with transient response second harmonic imaging.
75  Pearl Indices
(1 time)
Family Planning Services
(1 time)
COC (1 time)
US (1 time)
2016 Differences in reporting Pearl Indices in the United States and Europe: Focus on a 91-day extended-regimen combined oral contraceptive with low-dose ethinyl estradiol supplementation.
76  pediatric intensivists
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
NICUs (1 time)
PICUs (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2018 Discrepancies in Radiograph Interpretation Between Pediatric Radiologists and Pediatric Intensivists in the Pediatric or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
77  percutaneous incidents
(1 time)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Benchmarking of percutaneous injuries at the Ministry of Health hospitals of Saudi Arabia in comparison with the United States hospitals participating in Exposure Prevention Information Network (EPINet™).
78  percutaneous interventions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2011 Influence of use of a vascular closure device on incidence and surgical management of access site complications after percutaneous interventions.
79  periodicity indices
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PLMS (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
2016 Prevalence and Characteristics of Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep in Korean Adult Patients with Restless Legs Syndrome.
80  peritoneal implants
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NWTS (1 time)
RT (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2010 Outcomes of children with favorable histology wilms tumor and peritoneal implants treated in National Wilms Tumor Studies-4 and -5.
81  periurethral injections
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
ICIQ-SF (1 time)
PGII (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2013 Outpatient periurethral injections of polyacrylamide hydrogel for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: effectiveness and safety.
82  permanent incisors
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FPMs (1 time)
MH (1 time)
MHSI (1 time)
2014 Distribution and severity of molar hypomineralisation: trial of a new severity index.
83  persistent infections
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
i.c (1 time)
L cells (1 time)
VSV (1 time)
1986 Persistent infection of a temperature-sensitive G31 vesicular stomatitis virus mutant in neural and nonneural cells: biological and virological characteristics.
84  persistently infected animals
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BVDV (1 time)
2017 Patterns of calving and young stock movement in Ireland and their implications for BVD serosurveillance.
85  personality inventories
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Toward a periodic table of personality: Mapping personality scales between the five-factor model and the circumplex model.
86  personality-targeted interventions
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AF/I (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2014 The Quik Fix study: a randomised controlled trial of brief interventions for young people with alcohol-related injuries and illnesses accessing emergency department and crisis support care.
87  perylene carboximide derivatives
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Improving the photoinduced charge separation parameters in corrole-perylene carboximide dyads by tuning the redox and spectroscopic properties of the components.
88  phagocytic indices
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AMs (1 time)
2001 The influence of suspension nebulization or instillation on particle uptake by guinea pig alveolar macrophages.
89  pharmaceutical ingredients
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
TEA (1 time)
TFAA (1 time)
2012 Microbial degradation of pharmaceuticals followed by a simple HPLC-DAD method.
90  pharmacist on-ward interventions
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CPOE (1 time)
DRPs (1 time)
2013 Drug related problems and pharmacist interventions in a geriatric unit employing electronic prescribing.
91  pharmacists' daily routine interventions
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
DRPs (1 time)
2008 Assessment of clinical pharmacists' interventions in French hospitals: results of a multicenter study.
92  pharmacologic interventions
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCIs (1 time)
NPIs (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2013 Active ingredients are reported more often for pharmacologic than non-pharmacologic interventions: an illustrative review of reporting practices in titles and abstracts.
93  pharmacological regimens
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
NPHIs (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2012 Knowledge of and attitudes toward nonpharmacological interventions for treatment of behavior symptoms associated with dementia: a comparison of physicians, psychologists, and nurse practitioners.
94  phenanthroimidazoles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CIE (1 time)
CRI (1 time)
OLEDs (1 time)
2018 A Novel trans-1-(9-Anthryl)-2-phenylethene Derivative Containing a Phenanthroimidazole Unit for Application in Organic Light-Emitting Diodes.
95  phosphoinositol turnover
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
NOS (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
PLC (1 time)
1999 Haloperidol effect on intracellular signals system coupled to alpha1-adrenergic receptor in rat cerebral frontal cortex.
96  phospholipids
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Probing phosphoinositide functions in signaling and membrane trafficking.
97  phospholipids, such as phosphoinositides
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Processes
(1 time)
--- 2016 Male functions and malfunctions: the impact of phosphoinositides on pollen development and pollen tube growth.
98  phosphorylation sites on phosphatidylinositols
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BSE (1 time)
PrP (1 time)
1998 High-dose exposure to systemic phosmet insecticide modifies the phosphatidylinositol anchor on the prion protein: the origins of new variant transmissible spongiform encephalopathies?
99  photosynthetic intermediates
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
PL (1 time)
Pn (1 time)
PPFD (1 time)
2015 A kinetic model for estimating net photosynthetic rates of cos lettuce leaves under pulsed light.
100  pili-pilus islands
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GBS (1 time)
2011 A model for group B Streptococcus pilus type 1: the structure of a 35-kDa C-terminal fragment of the major pilin GBS80.