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Abbreviation: PL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
photoluminescence
(4093 times)
Nanotechnology
(1421 times)
XRD (717 times)
TEM (432 times)
QDs (396 times)
1990 Electro-optical evidence for the chelate effect at semiconductor surfaces.
phospholipid
(1875 times)
Biochemistry
(518 times)
TG (398 times)
PC (232 times)
PE (167 times)
1964 [Determination of total cholesterol (TCH), esterified cholesterol (ECH), free cholesterol (FCH), phospholipids (PL) and total esterified fatty acids (EFS) in the diagnosis of hepatopathies in horses].
placebo
(667 times)
Sports Medicine
(118 times)
cr (40 times)
Br (26 times)
HR (26 times)
1975 Loxapine in newly admitted chronic schizophrenic patients.
posterolateral
(319 times)
Orthopedics
(105 times)
AM (196 times)
ACL (162 times)
AL (52 times)
1970 THE CELL JUNCTION IN A LAMELLIBRANCH GILL CILIATED EPITHELIUM : Localization of Pyroantimonate Precipitate.
prelimbic
(171 times)
Neurology
(87 times)
IL (100 times)
mPFC (76 times)
PFC (19 times)
1979 Noradrenergic innervation patterns in three regions of medial cortex: an immunofluorescence characterization.
platelet lysate
(168 times)
Cell Biology
(36 times)
MSCs (46 times)
FBS (42 times)
FCS (16 times)
1980 Effect of platelet lysate on growth and sulfated glycosaminoglycan synthesis in articular chondrocyte cultures.
photoluminescence spectroscopy
(156 times)
Nanotechnology
(42 times)
XRD (112 times)
TEM (56 times)
XPS (52 times)
2004 [Synthesis of nanocrystalline ZnO and its luminescence spectrum].
phospholipase
(149 times)
Biochemistry
(28 times)
PG (31 times)
AA (16 times)
PK (14 times)
1976 Control mechanism of lymphocyte traffic. Altered migration of 51Cr-labeled mouse lymph node cells pretreated in vitro with phospholipases.
placental lactogen
(144 times)
Endocrinology
(54 times)
GH (34 times)
PRL (32 times)
IGF-I (8 times)
1976 Lactogenic and growth hormone-like activities in pregnancy determined by radioreceptor assays.
10  peroneus longus
(128 times)
Physiology
(33 times)
TA (59 times)
EMG (26 times)
PB (25 times)
1985 Role of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the foot in level walking.
11  pyridoxal
(119 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(39 times)
PLP (84 times)
PN (44 times)
PM (36 times)
1978 Phosphopyridoxal cyclic compounds with histamine and histidine. 7: The properties of pyridoxal and phosphopyridoxal cyclic compounds with histamine and histidine.
12  poly-L-lysine
(102 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
ECM (5 times)
FN (5 times)
PG (5 times)
1975 Heterogeneous distribution of DNA alkylation products in rat liver chromatin after in vivo administration of N,N-di[14C]methylnitrosamine.
13  pancreatic lipase
(90 times)
Biochemistry
(34 times)
LPL (11 times)
TG (5 times)
EGCG (4 times)
1992 Molecular cloning and characterization of rabbit pancreatic triglyceride lipase.
14  prelimbic cortex
(77 times)
Neurology
(40 times)
IL (31 times)
BLA (12 times)
mPFC (10 times)
1996 Prelimbic cortex specific lesions disrupt delayed-variable response tasks in the rat.
15  Piperlongumine
(70 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
ROS (23 times)
NAC (7 times)
NF-kappaB (4 times)
2013 Piperlongumine induces rapid depletion of the androgen receptor in human prostate cancer cells.
16  persistent lymphocytosis
(64 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(37 times)
BLV (56 times)
AL (8 times)
EBL (6 times)
1978 Distribution of bovine leukemia virus proviral sequences in tissues of bovine, ovine and human origin.
17  plantaris
(60 times)
Physiology
(37 times)
SOL (28 times)
MG (15 times)
LG (12 times)
1983 Motor pool organization in monosynaptic reflexes: responses in three different muscles.
18  plasma
(59 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
WB (11 times)
PF (7 times)
AF (4 times)
1976 [Incomplete testicular feminisation syndrome by testosterone insensitivity (author's transl)].
19  pulsed light
(59 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(29 times)
HHP (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
TSB (2 times)
2007 Effect of spectral range in surface inactivation of Listeria innocua using broad-spectrum pulsed light.
20  palmaris longus
(56 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
FCU (8 times)
FDS (6 times)
FCR (4 times)
1989 Resistance exercise effects on aging skeletal muscle in rats.
21  pectate lyase
(54 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
PG (14 times)
pel (5 times)
PME (5 times)
1981 Impaired induction and self-catabolite repression of extracellular pectate lyase in Erwinia chrysanthemi mutants deficient in oligogalacturonide lyase.
22  poultry litter
(53 times)
Environmental Health
(42 times)
CF (4 times)
DRP (4 times)
CM (3 times)
1981 Availability of phosphorus contained in poultry litter for lambs.
23  preferential looking
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(34 times)
VEP (7 times)
OKN (2 times)
VA (2 times)
1980 Quick assessment of preferential looking acuity in infants.
24  panicle length
(44 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
PH (9 times)
PW (8 times)
AGD (7 times)
2000 [QTLs and epistasis underlying rice (Oryza sativa L.) panicle length in different genetic background and environments].
25  perceptual learning
(41 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
ARTS (2 times)
MD (2 times)
PALMs (2 times)
1999 Effects of similarity and experience on discrimination learning: a nonassociative connectionist model of perceptual learning.
26  post-larvae
(41 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
WSSV (11 times)
MrNV (7 times)
XSV (6 times)
1989 Ontogeny of gut morphology in the white shrimp Penaeus setiferus (Decapoda, Penaeidae).
27  polar lipids
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
NL (15 times)
PUFA (9 times)
FA (8 times)
1981 Changes in lipid levels of three skeletal muscles following denervation.
28  propranolol
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(30 times)
NDP (5 times)
1,4-NQ (2 times)
BTL (2 times)
1987 Uptake of propranolol by microvessels isolated from bovine brain.
29  path length
(39 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
TS (8 times)
EEG (6 times)
CC (5 times)
1991 Functional assessment of neurologic impairment: track analysis in diabetic and compression neuropathies.
30  periodontal ligament
(36 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
BSP (5 times)
OPN (4 times)
ALP (3 times)
1983 Independent expression of type I collagen and fibronectin by normal fibroblast-like cells.
31  Pityriasis lichenoides
(35 times)
Dermatology
(31 times)
PLEVA (12 times)
PLC (9 times)
MF (5 times)
1988 [Lichenoid pityriasis. Immunologic study of 10 children].
32  penalized likelihood
(32 times)
Biology
(14 times)
CBCT (7 times)
FBP (6 times)
OSEM (4 times)
2002 Complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequences show that modern birds are not descended from transitional shorebirds.
33  plasmin
(32 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
Pg (7 times)
PA (5 times)
PK (5 times)
1986 The proteinase inhibitor complexes (antithrombin III-thrombin, alpha 2antiplasmin-plasmin and alpha 1antitrypsin-elastase) in septicemia, fulminant hepatic failure and cardiac shock: value for diagnosis and therapy control in DIC/F syndrome.
34  pregnancy loss
(30 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
RPL (4 times)
ICSI (3 times)
AI (2 times)
1999 Immunological abnormalities in primary APS evolving into SLE: 6 years follow-up in women with repeated pregnancy loss.
35  pectin lyase
(29 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
PG (14 times)
PE (5 times)
CAZymes (2 times)
1975 Sequential production of polygalacturonase, cellulase, and pectin lyase by Rhizoctonia solani.
36  plumbagin
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
ROS (4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
PCa (3 times)
2008 Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using highly-specific monoclonal antibodies against plumbagin.
37  pyloric ligation
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
CRS (13 times)
EtOH (9 times)
AL (8 times)
2004 Evaluation of anti-ulcerogenic and ulcer-healing properties of Ocimum sanctum Linn.
38  perilymph
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(16 times)
CSF (15 times)
EL (4 times)
MEE (3 times)
1976 [Comparative studies of lactate concentration in the perilymph, blood and cerebrospinal fluid of normal and sound exposed guinea pigs (author's transl)].
39  polysaccharide lyase
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
CE (5 times)
GH (5 times)
CBM (3 times)
2004 Structure and function of a hypothetical Pseudomonas aeruginosa protein PA1167 classified into family PL-7: a novel alginate lyase with a beta-sandwich fold.
40  Phellinus linteus
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PG (5 times)
uPA (3 times)
BR (2 times)
1996 Stimulation of humoral and cell mediated immunity by polysaccharide from mushroom Phellinus linteus.
41  prolactin
(26 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
FSH (6 times)
GH (6 times)
LH (6 times)
1978 [Functional activity of rat adenohypophysis cells in a primary monolayer culture and the effect of several regulators on it].
42  Problem List
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DT (20 times)
HADS (6 times)
ROC (3 times)
1992 A computerised out-patient medical records programme based on the Summary Time-Oriented Record (STOR) System.
43  placenta
(22 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
BM (12 times)
MSCs (5 times)
MSC (4 times)
1990 Distribution of free amino acids in streptozotocin-induced diabetic pregnant rats, their placentae and fetuses.
44  pneumatic lithotripsy
(22 times)
Urology
(17 times)
LL (11 times)
SWL (3 times)
EHL (2 times)
1994 Treatment of ureteric stones. Comparison of laser and pneumatic lithotripsy.
45  preterm labor
(21 times)
Obstetrics
(12 times)
PPROM (5 times)
PROM (3 times)
CL (2 times)
1996 Zinc supplementation during pregnancy: a double blind randomised controlled trial.
46  peak latency
(20 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
IPL (11 times)
BAEP (8 times)
ABR (3 times)
1989 [Studies on cerebral visual evoked potentials in the differential diagnosis of macular edema and obscration amblyopia in children with artiphakia].
47  pars lateralis
(16 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PI (10 times)
CA (4 times)
JH (2 times)
1978 Locations and central projections of neurons associated with the retrocerebral neuroendocrine complex of the cockroach Periplaneta americana (L.).
48  peripheral lymphocytes
(16 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CAPD (3 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
1976 Cell interaction in tumor allograft immunity. Suppressor cell in the spleen of allogeneic tumor-sensitized mice.
49  platelets
(15 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
T-TAS (3 times)
AR (2 times)
Hb (2 times)
1982 Arylsulfatase A activity and electrophoretic banding patterns from isolated human blood fractions.
50  postlesion
(15 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
SC (3 times)
DY (2 times)
HSPs (2 times)
1982 Regeneration of ganglion cell axons in the adult mouse retina.
51  potassium lactate
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
SDA (10 times)
RTE (5 times)
SC (3 times)
2003 Effects of pH and agitation on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A in brain heart infusion broth containing combined potassium lactate and sodium diacetate during storage at 4 or 10 degrees C.
52  prefrontal cortex
(15 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AGTR2 (2 times)
BLA (2 times)
EPM (2 times)
2012 Altered dendritic distribution of dopamine D2 receptors and reduction in mitochondrial number in parvalbumin-containing interneurons in the medial prefrontal cortex of cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptor knockout mice.
53  premature luteinization
(15 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
IUI (4 times)
PR (4 times)
hCG (3 times)
1987 Premature luteinization of follicles during ovarian stimulation for in-vitro fertilization.
54  proteoliposomes
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
CS (2 times)
OVA (2 times)
Ad (1 time)
1987 Phosphorylated intermediates of Na,K-ATPase proteoliposomes controlled by bilayer cholesterol. Interaction with cardiac steroid.
55  micro-photoluminescence
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
CVD (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DMS (1 time)
2006 Photoluminescence and Raman scattering from catalytically grown Zn(x)Cd(1-x)Se alloy nanowires.
56  patellar ligament
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACL (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
CSA (2 times)
2003 Anatomic rotational relationships of the proximal tibia, distal femur, and patella: implications for rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty.
57  polarized light
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
PC (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1977 Use of three optical systems to obtain a microscopic profile of asbestos and other nonopaque particulate matter larger than 5 mum in parenteral drugs.
58  Polypodium leucotomos
(14 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
UVR (3 times)
IP (2 times)
MED (2 times)
1997 Topical or oral administration with an extract of Polypodium leucotomos prevents acute sunburn and psoralen-induced phototoxic reactions as well as depletion of Langerhans cells in human skin.
59  power law
(14 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(3 times)
DAR (3 times)
HMP (2 times)
MAD (2 times)
2008 Experience versus talent shapes the structure of the Web.
60  plaque
(13 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
BOP (6 times)
PD (5 times)
CAL (2 times)
1992 Clinical effects of a 0.12% chlorhexidine rinse as an adjunct to scaling and root planing.
61  perivitelline layer
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GD (2 times)
SP (2 times)
ZP (2 times)
1979 New observations on the structure of the hen ovum at ovulation.
62  physical limitation
(12 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (5 times)
QOL (5 times)
SAQ (5 times)
2012 Effect of Liandouqingmai Recipe on life quality and vascular endothelial injury in patients with coronary heart disease.
63  pleomorphic liposarcoma
(12 times)
Pathology
(7 times)
WDL (3 times)
DDL (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2002 Epithelioid variant of pleomorphic liposarcoma: a comparative immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis of six cases with emphasis on overlapping features with epithelial malignancies.
64  prelimbic area
(12 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
mPFC (5 times)
IL (3 times)
DA (2 times)
1985 Efferent connections of the prelimbic (area 32) and the infralimbic (area 25) cortices: an anterograde tracing study in the cat.
65  productive life
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
SCS (4 times)
DO (2 times)
DPR (2 times)
2003 Economic merit of crossbred and purebred US dairy cattle.
66  pulvinar
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PI (9 times)
PM (5 times)
LP (2 times)
1976 The cortical projections of the inferior pulvinar and adjacent lateral pulvinar in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta): an autoradiographic study.
67  peritoneal lavage
(11 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
BAL (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1982 Selection of patients with abdominal stab wounds for laparotomy.
68  phonological loop
(11 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
CE (9 times)
VSSP (6 times)
WM (6 times)
2000 What's working in working memory: a role for the Central Executive.
69  player load
(11 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
HR (4 times)
TD (4 times)
sRPE (2 times)
2014 Physical demands of training and competition in collegiate netball players.
70  prednisolone
(11 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
PN (3 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MMF (2 times)
1988 Relative and absolute bioavailability of prednisone and prednisolone after separate oral and intravenous doses.
71  procedural learning
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
fMRI (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
RPT (2 times)
1999 Procedural learning is impaired in patients with prefrontal lesions.
72  protamine-like
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
SNBPs (5 times)
AUT (1 time)
BNPs (1 time)
1988 An unusual cysteine-containing histone H1-like protein and two protamine-like proteins are the major nuclear proteins of the sperm of the bivalve mollusc Macoma nasuta.
73  patellar luxation
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
ACLR (1 time)
AOI (1 time)
AS-PCR (1 time)
2002 Biomarkers of joint tissue metabolism in canine osteoarthritic and arthritic joint disorders.
74  piecewise-linear
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
AIF (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
1969 Fake tori, the annulus conjecture, and the conjectures of kirby.
75  posterior laryngitis
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
PAR (2 times)
AST (1 time)
EER (1 time)
1999 Pharyngeal pH monitoring in patients with posterior laryngitis.
76  preleukemia
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RadLV (3 times)
ANLL (2 times)
RAEB (2 times)
1982 Impaired T-cell and NK-cell function in patients with preleukemia.
77  PEGylated liposomes
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
ABC (4 times)
PEG (3 times)
alphaGC (1 time)
2005 Influence of the physicochemical properties of liposomes on the accelerated blood clearance phenomenon in rats.
78  pelvic lymphadenectomy
(9 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
PAL (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
APR (1 time)
2005 Relationship between surgical procedure and spontaneous urination after rectal cancer surgery.
79  phase-locking
(9 times)
Science
(5 times)
AIS (1 time)
AM (1 time)
ANS (1 time)
2000 Transient phase locking patterns among respiration, heart rate and blood pressure during cardiorespiratory synchronisation in humans.
80  photolyase
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CRY (4 times)
CPD (3 times)
CPDs (3 times)
2003 Cis-syn thymidine dimer repair by DNA photolyase in real time.
81  placebo group
(9 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CON (2 times)
5-HMF (1 time)
ABPM (1 time)
1985 Sex steroids and affect in the surgical menopause: a double-blind, cross-over study.
82  Plasmablastic lymphoma
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NHL (4 times)
DLBCL (3 times)
EBV (3 times)
2009 Genomic profiling of plasmablastic lymphoma using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH): revealing significant overlapping genomic lesions with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
83  plastic
(9 times)
Brain
(2 times)
Al (3 times)
CP (2 times)
COM (1 time)
1975 Variation in the isozymes of flax (Linum usitatissimum) genotrophs.
84  PlayerLoad
(9 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
ES (3 times)
sRPE (3 times)
TL (3 times)
2017 Physical Demands of Representative Match-Play in Adolescent Rugby Union.
85  Poland
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CZ (3 times)
LT (2 times)
SK (2 times)
2000 Health-status of the Slovak Republic population in comparison with countries of Central Europe and European Union.
86  Polish Landrace
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
PLW (9 times)
bHLH (1 time)
CART (1 time)
2006 An effect of a missense mutation in the porcine melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene on production traits in Polish pig breeds is doubtful.
87  phantom limb
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PLP (2 times)
BOLD (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1976 Phantom limb phenomenon in patients with leprosy.
88  photoluminescence emission
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
XRD (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2008 Gamma-radiation synthesis and properties of superparamagnetic CS-ZnSe:Mn nanocrystals for biological labeling.
89  pleural lavage
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
BAL (5 times)
ELF (4 times)
DPPC (2 times)
2000 Volume and cellular content of normal pleural fluid in humans examined by pleural lavage.
90  point-light
(8 times)
Vision Disorders
(2 times)
FL (1 time)
KR (1 time)
SW (1 time)
2005 Visual search and coordination changes in response to video and point-light demonstrations without KR.
91  polar
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
NL (5 times)
PUFA (3 times)
BB (1 time)
1981 Axenic Paramecium caudatum. III. Biochemical and physiological changes with culture age.
92  polylactide
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
APS (1 time)
1991 The effects of ingesting polylactate or glucose polymer drinks during prolonged exercise.
93  primary laparotomy
(8 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ERbeta (2 times)
NEC (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
2004 Outcome in definite and advanced neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis.
94  primary-like
(8 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
VCN (6 times)
CS (3 times)
AM (2 times)
1993 Convergence of auditory nerve fibers onto bushy cells in the ventral cochlear nucleus: implications of a computational model.
95  prolymphocytic leukaemia
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CLL (5 times)
4-dm DNR (1 time)
ABC (1 time)
1979 Identification of a pure splenic form of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.
96  pyramidal lobe
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CART (1 time)
CART-IR (1 time)
DG (1 time)
1989 The pyramidal lobe: a scintigraphic assessment.
97  partial lipodystrophy
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DEXA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2001 Partial lipodystrophy and rapidly progressive nephritis.
98  perception of light
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AVPGs (1 time)
Chirila KPro (1 time)
CSNB (1 time)
2003 Corneal replacement using a synthetic hydrogel cornea, AlphaCor: device, preliminary outcomes and complications.
99  persistent luminescence
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
NIR (2 times)
ICG (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2013 Effects of persistent luminescence decay on mechanoluminescence phenomena of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, Dy3+ materials.
100  phospholamban
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ANF (2 times)
AAVs (1 time)
Ab (1 time)
1989 On the mechanism of the reduction by thyroid hormone of beta-adrenergic relaxation rate stimulation in rat heart.