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Abbreviation: PLR
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Long forms: 103

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio
(948 times)
Neoplasms
(302 times)
NLR (695 times)
OS (274 times)
HR (114 times)
1986 Platelets, leucocytes and buffy layer vitamin C after surgery.
positive likelihood ratio
(334 times)
Neoplasms
(61 times)
NLR (287 times)
DOR (202 times)
AUC (127 times)
1999 Rapid and accurate assessment of glomerular filtration rate in patients with renal transplants using serum cystatin C.
pupillary light reflex
(151 times)
Ophthalmology
(39 times)
ipRGCs (16 times)
ANS (10 times)
ERG (10 times)
1989 Relationship of autonomic nervous system activity to daytime sleepiness and prior sleep.
passive leg raising
(131 times)
Critical Care
(44 times)
CI (31 times)
CO (25 times)
SV (20 times)
1988 Acute cardiovascular response to passive leg raising.
pointwise linear regression
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(28 times)
VF (19 times)
MD (8 times)
IOP (4 times)
2002 Spatial and temporal processing of threshold data for detection of progressive glaucomatous visual field loss.
pinoresinol-lariciresinol reductase
(22 times)
Botany
(12 times)
PTOX (6 times)
CCR (5 times)
PAL (5 times)
2001 In situ hybridization and immunolocalization of lignan reductases in woody tissues: implications for heartwood formation and other forms of vascular tissue preservation.
pupillary light response
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
ipRGC (2 times)
ipRGCs (2 times)
TH (2 times)
1990 Pupillary function in multiple sclerosis.
penalized logistic regression
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ASPECTS (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
RT (2 times)
2004 Classification of gene microarrays by penalized logistic regression.
partial liver resection
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ACh (2 times)
AChE (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1984 [Dependence of mononuclear infiltration of the liver on hepatocyte proliferation].
10  poly-L-arginine
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CD (2 times)
PEO (2 times)
QCM-D (2 times)
2003 Novel anticoagulant activity of polyamino acid offsets bacterial endotoxin-induced extrinsic hypercoagulation: downregulation of monocytic tissue factor-dependent FVII activation.
11  packet loss rate
(7 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
FEC (2 times)
AFE (1 time)
AMR-NB (1 time)
2001 Joint source/FEC rate selection for quality-optimal MPEG-2 video delivery.
12  Puerariae Lobatae Radix
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PTR (2 times)
RSM (2 times)
UPLC (2 times)
2012 Optimisation of ultrasound-assisted extraction of puerarin and total isoflavones from Puerariae Lobatae Radix (Pueraria lobata (Wild.) Ohwi) with response surface methodology.
13  pharyngolaryngeal reflux
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
GERD (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
CSOM (1 time)
2008 [Gastroesophageal reflux disease and pharyngolaryngeal reflux in children with chronic laryngeal pathology].
14  powder-to-liquid ratio
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
beta-TCP (1 time)
BKP (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
2009 Development of remineralizing, antibacterial dental materials.
15  passive leg raising test
(3 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CVP (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
APACHEII (1 time)
2014 [An application of arterial pressure-based cardiac output measurements in fluid management strategies of critically ill patients].
16  patellar length ratio
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
BO (3 times)
LPTA (3 times)
SA (3 times)
2007 The association between patellar alignment on magnetic resonance imaging and radiographic manifestations of knee osteoarthritis.
17  Patients-Led Research
(3 times)
Clinical Protocols
(1 time)
ELSI (1 time)
IRRID (1 time)
2016 A New Challenge to Research Ethics: Patients-Led Research (PLR) and the Role of Internet Based Social Networks.
18  power-law rheology
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
FE (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
2010 Influence of power-law rheology on cell injury during microbubble flows.
19  pregnancy loss rate
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
CPR (2 times)
ICSI (2 times)
LBR (2 times)
2013 Use of hyaluronan in the selection of sperm for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): significant improvement in clinical outcomes--multicenter, double-blinded and randomized controlled trial.
20  Purtscher-like retinopathy
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
OCT (2 times)
ERG (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2006 [Correlation of retinal thickness with the extent of Purtscher's retinopathy].
21  paired labels recognition
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
Au-Ab (1 time)
FZD (1 time)
2018 Highly sensitive detection of a small molecule by a paired labels recognition system based lateral flow assay.
22  paraneoplastic leukemoid reaction
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
2005 Paraneoplastic leukemoid reaction and rapid progression in a patient with malignant melanoma: establishment of KT293, a novel G-CSF-secreting melanoma cell line.
23  passive leg-raising maneuver
(2 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
CO (2 times)
AP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2012 Brachial cuff measurements of blood pressure during passive leg raising for fluid responsiveness prediction.
24  perilacunar/canalicular remodeling
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
2017 Osteocyte-Intrinsic TGF-beta Signaling Regulates Bone Quality through Perilacunar/Canalicular Remodeling.
25  persistent light reactivity
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
PMLE (1 time)
1984 Contact and photocontact allergy to sunscreens.
26  piecewise linear representation
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DTW (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
PLR-DTW (1 time)
2011 The PLR-DTW method for ECG based biometric identification.
27  Polish landrace
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ORT (2 times)
PLW (2 times)
FT (1 time)
2014 Post-thaw sperm characteristics following long-term storage of boar semen in liquid nitrogen.
28  polytomous logistic regression
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
PCB (1 time)
1995 Organochlorine residues in human breast milk: analysis through a sentinel practice network.
29  pontine locomotor region
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MLR (1 time)
1977 Role of pontine tegmentum for locomotor control in mesencephalic cat.
30  pooled logistic regression
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CSP (1 time)
TDCM (1 time)
2016 A comparison of time dependent Cox regression, pooled logistic regression and cross sectional pooling with simulations and an application to the Framingham Heart Study.
31  pork luncheon roll
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
WP (2 times)
MW (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2004 Dielectric and thermophysical properties of meat batters over a temperature range of 5-85 C.
32  positive LR
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NLR (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
DSCT (1 time)
2010 Systematic review of interferon-gamma release assays in tuberculosis: focus on likelihood ratios.
33  preferred level range
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
SPL (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1994 Functional organization of sound direction and sound pressure level in primary auditory cortex of the cat.
34  pulmonary lactate release
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
V-A dpCO2 (1 time)
2007 Pulmonary lactate release following cardiopulmonary bypass.
35  pupillary light reactivity
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CPC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2014 Automated quantitative pupillometry for the prognostication of coma after cardiac arrest.
36  pairwise log-ratios normalisation
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
HSSE (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2017 Time since discharge of 9mm cartridges by headspace analysis, part 2: Ageing study and estimation of the time since discharge using multivariate regression.
37  pancreas to that of the liver
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2001 [11C]methionine positron emission tomography for the evaluation of pancreatic exocrine function in chronic pancreatitis.
38  pancreolauryl ratio
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FE-1 (1 time)
uPLR (1 time)
2005 Comparing the urinary pancreolauryl ratio and faecal elastase-1 as indicators of pancreatic insufficiency in clinical practice.
39  para linear response
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PDI (1 time)
2012 The linear response kernel of conceptual DFT as a measure of aromaticity.
40  paramedian lateral rectus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
2008 A comparison of two retroperitoneal surgical approaches for total disc arthroplasty of the lumbar spine.
41  pars lymphoreticularis
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
PLE (1 time)
1982 The bursa cloacae (Fabricii) of Struthioniforms in comparison with the bursa of other birds.
42  partial laryngectomy
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
LRFS (1 time)
2015 Clinical outcomes and toxicity after exclusive versus postoperative radiotherapy in supraglottic cancer: new solutions for old problems? The case of stage I and II disease.
43  partial liver removal
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1980 Lysosomal enzyme activity in hepatocytes and Kupffer cells from intact and partially hepatectomized rats.
44  passive straight leg raising
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
RVEF (1 time)
TREND (1 time)
1989 Trendelenburg position and passive leg raising do not significantly improve cardiopulmonary performance in the anesthetized patient with coronary artery disease.
45  peak lengthening rate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
FS (1 time)
PSR (1 time)
1994 Effects of long-term treatment with sustained-release nicardipine on left ventricular hypertrophy and function in patients with essential hypertension.
46  peak loading rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
IFM (1 time)
PGRF (1 time)
2017 Computational modelling of bone fracture healing under partial weight-bearing exercise.
47  peak rate of increase of LV diameter
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EPSS (1 time)
FS (1 time)
HF (1 time)
1991 Usefulness of M-mode echocardiography in the diagnosis of heart failure.
48  peak vertical loading rate
(1 time)
Athletic Performance
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
PF (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2015 Force and acceleration characteristics of military foot drill: implications for injury risk in recruits.
49  pelvic lateral rotation
(1 time)
Exercise Therapy
(1 time)
EO (1 time)
IO (1 time)
QL (1 time)
2018 Effects of abdominal hollowing and abdominal bracing during side-lying hip abduction on the lateral rotation and muscle activity of the pelvis.
50  per bundle
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
PTR (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
2015 Comparing morphological, chemical and anti-diabetic characteristics of Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix.
51  percentage of liver resection
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ICGR15 (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2004 Usefulness of the prognostic score for donor safety in living donor liver transplantation.
52  percutaneous less rigid
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Fracture reduction by postoperative mobilisation for the treatment of hyperextension injuries of the thoracolumbar spine in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders.
53  perilacunar remodeling
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
DPOAEs (1 time)
MMP13 (1 time)
2016 Parallel mechanisms suppress cochlear bone remodeling to protect hearing.
54  peripheral laser retinopexy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PRP (1 time)
2010 Subconjunctival lidocaine before laser treatment: a randomized trial.
55  Perpendicular line ratio
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
1998 [Clinical diagnosis of Colles fracture combined with dorsal subluxation of radial carpal joints].
56  phase locking ratios
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
AvDurSync (1 time)
CRPS (1 time)
2015 Cardiorespiratory Phase Synchronization in OSA subjects during wake and sleep states.
57  phenolics loading rates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
TF (1 time)
2013 Performance study and kinetic modeling of hybrid bioreactor for treatment of bi-substrate mixture of phenol-m-cresol in wastewater: process optimization with response surface methodology.
58  photosensitive than normal at both single-cell and behavioral
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ipRGCs (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2005 Intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells detect light with a vitamin A-based photopigment, melanopsin.
59  Physician Labeling Rule
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2008 FDA's proposed rule for pregnancy and lactation labeling: improving maternal child health through well-informed medicine use.
60  picloram
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
LbL (1 time)
SL (1 time)
2013 Encapsulation of the herbicide picloram by using polyelectrolyte biopolymers as layer-by-layer materials.
61  pineapple leaf residue
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
2011 Comparison of the carbon-sequestering abilities of pineapple leaf residue chars produced by controlled combustion and by field burning.
62  plasma CSF-ratio
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
PKU (1 time)
1984 On the brain barrier system function and changes of cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of phenylalanine and tyrosine in human phenylketonuria.
63  plasma lactate response
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Plt (1 time)
1997 The plasma lactate response to exercise and endurance performance: relationships in elite triathletes.
64  plasmonic resonance
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Are scaling laws of sub-optical wavelength electric field confinement in arrays of metal nanoparticles related to plasmonics or to geometry?
65  platelet-large cell ratio
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CSFV (1 time)
HBG (1 time)
Hct (1 time)
2012 Effects of the polymorphisms of Mx1, BAT2 and CXCL12 genes on immunological traits in pigs.
66  platelet-lymphocyte ratio results
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GCS (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2018 Analysis of biochemical laboratory values to determine etiology and prognosis in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage: a clinical study.
67  platelets to the number of lymphocytes
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2017 Platelet to lymphocyte ratio is associated with the severity of coronary artery disease and clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in the Chinese Han population.
68  Playa Lakes Region
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 Tetrameres (Petrowimeres) striata in ducks.
69  PLR manoeuvre
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
FHI (1 time)
2010 Both passive leg raising and intravascular volume expansion improve sublingual microcirculatory perfusion in severe sepsis and septic shock patients.
70  PLR succeeded in altering cardiac preload, noninvasiveDelta
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2012 Brachial cuff measurements of blood pressure during passive leg raising for fluid responsiveness prediction.
71  PLR, in case of sufficient change in CVP, noninvasiveDelta
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2012 Brachial cuff measurements of blood pressure during passive leg raising for fluid responsiveness prediction.
72  PLR-DeltaSV and PLR-DeltaPP
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2011 [Passive leg raising predicts volume responsiveness in patients with septic shock].
73  PLR-RNAi
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
RNAi (1 time)
2009 Metabolic engineering of lignan biosynthesis in Forsythia cell culture.
74  point-wise linear regression analysis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AGIS (1 time)
MD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2006 Pointwise linear regression analysis for detection of visual field progression with absolute versus corrected threshold sensitivities.
75  polar localization region
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
oriC (1 time)
2002 A large dispersed chromosomal region required for chromosome segregation in sporulating cells of Bacillus subtilis.
76  pollutant loading rates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AHS (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
m3.d (1 time)
2008 Landfill leachate treatment with a novel process: anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) combined with soil infiltration system.
77  Polynomial Logistic Regression
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
LLR (1 time)
2007 Product unit neural network models for predicting the growth limits of Listeria monocytogenes.
78  pontomedullary locomotor region
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MedRF (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
1991 The effect of selective brainstem or spinal cord lesions on treadmill locomotion evoked by stimulation of the mesencephalic or pontomedullary locomotor regions.
79  positive like ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2017 Diagnostic accuracy of the 14C-urea breath test in Helicobacter pylori infections: ameta-analysis.
80  positive test results
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2013 Different diagnostic properties of C-reactive protein, real-time PCR, and histopathology of frozen and permanent sections in diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection.
81  possessed a significantly lower total starch content
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
PTR (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
2015 Comparing morphological, chemical and anti-diabetic characteristics of Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix.
82  posterior lamellar resection
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AJCC (1 time)
vs (1 time)
2018 Comparison of posterior lamellar resection versus lumpectomy for initial management of localized tarsal conjunctival sebaceous carcinoma in 54 cases.
83  posterior mitral leaflet repair
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
2010 Ten-year results of folding plasty in mitral valve repair.
84  Powder/Liquid Ratio
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FIXH (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
KUH (1 time)
2018 Variation in the Dispersions of Powder Liquid Ratios in Hand-Mix Glass Ionomers.
85  PP and was higher for Delta
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
2010 Central venous pressure measurements improve the accuracy of leg raising-induced change in pulse pressure to predict fluid responsiveness.
86  prasugrel low responsiveness
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2013 Cytochrome P450 2B6 and 2C9 genotype polymorphism--a possible cause of prasugrel low responsiveness.
87  Predetermined Lens Refraction
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
SE (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2010 Alternative methods of refraction: a comparison of three techniques.
88  predictive values, positive
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
100-g GTT (1 time)
FP (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
2006 Comparison between 100-g glucose tolerance test and two other screening tests for gestational diabetes: combined fasting glucose with risk factors and 50-g glucose tolerance test.
89  preempted liver recovery
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LT (1 time)
OPOs (1 time)
2018 Liver biopsy in assessment of extended criteria donors.
90  prelacrimal recess
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
EDA (1 time)
NLD (1 time)
2018 Dimensions of the medial wall of the prelacrimal recess.
91  primary lack of response
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
BASDAI (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
SpA (1 time)
2018 Profiling Response to Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Treatment in Axial Spondyloarthritis.
92  primary liver resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BCLC (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2017 Primary liver resection for patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma: the role of surgery in BCLC early (A) and intermediate stages (B).
93  primed lymphocyte reaction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
MoAb (1 time)
1988 Differences between primed allogeneic T-cell responses and the primary mixed leucocyte reaction. Primed T cells become independent of the blocking effects of monoclonal antibodies against IL-1 beta and the CD5, CD11a (LFA-1), and CD11c (p 150,95) molecules.
94  Print length ratio
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 1996 The effect of age on peripheral motor nerve function after crush injury in the rat.
95  probability, loss, resource
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
HOT (1 time)
2005 Highly optimized tolerance and power laws in dense and sparse resource regimes.
96  prolactin
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1980 [Basal blood prolactin levels in male "infertility": measurements of limited value (author's transl)].
97  pronation-lateral rotation
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2001 Bioabsorbable versus stainless steel screw fixation of the syndesmosis in pronation-lateral rotation ankle fractures: a prospective randomized trial.
98  protein-to-lipid ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DOPC (1 time)
2013 Effects of proteoliposome composition and draw solution types on separation performance of aquaporin-based proteoliposomes: implications for seawater desalination using aquaporin-based biomimetic membranes.
99  Pueraria lobata root
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2018 Dual effects of isoflavonoids from Pueraria lobata roots on estrogenic activity and anti-proliferation of MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells.
100  pupil light reaction
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Glaucoma screening by means of pupil campimetry].