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Abbreviation: PM2.5
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
particulate matter 2.5
(392 times)
Environmental Health
(203 times)
CI (42 times)
PM10 (28 times)
CO (24 times)
1995 Chronic respiratory symptoms associated with estimated long-term ambient concentrations of fine particulates less than 2.5 microns in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) and other air pollutants.
particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 mum
(296 times)
Environmental Health
(190 times)
CI (30 times)
PM (30 times)
PM10 (18 times)
1994 Concentration of indoor particulate matter as a determinant of respiratory health in children.
PM <2.5 mum
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
PM (11 times)
PEF (2 times)
PM10 (2 times)
2011 Windsor, Ontario Exposure Assessment Study: Design and Methods Validation of Personal, Indoor, and Outdoor Air Pollution Monitoring.
particles smaller than 2.5 microns
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PM (2 times)
AERMOD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1997 Particulate matter less than 10 microns (PM10) and fine particles less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5): relationships between indoor, outdoor and personal concentrations.
particulate matter of 2.5 microm or less
(8 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
HRV (2 times)
BaP (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2003 Association of low-level ozone and fine particles with respiratory symptoms in children with asthma.
Particles with a diameter of <2.5 mum
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CO (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DEP (1 time)
2004 Possible mechanisms of the cardiovascular effects of inhaled particles: systemic translocation and prothrombotic effects.
particles <2.5mum
(6 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AhR (2 times)
CO (2 times)
EOM (2 times)
2013 Nucleotide excision repair is not induced in human embryonic lung fibroblasts treated with environmental pollutants.
PM <2.5 mum in diameter
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PM (4 times)
PM10 (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
2006 Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in nine California counties: results from CALFINE.
PM with a diameter of <2.5 mum
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PM (6 times)
IQR (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
2015 Autism spectrum disorder and particulate matter air pollution before, during, and after pregnancy: a nested case-control analysis within the Nurses' Health Study II Cohort.
10  PM2.5abs
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
NOx (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2015 Air pollution and atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional analysis of four European cohort studies in the ESCAPE study.
11  particle matter less than or equal to 2.5 mum
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AE6 (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2003 Effects of ambient air pollution on symptom severity and medication use in children with asthma.
12  particles <2.5 microm in diameter
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PM (3 times)
CO (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
2005 Epidemiological evidence of effects of coarse airborne particles on health.
13  particles of diameters less than 2.5 m
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CMB (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
ESCAPE (1 time)
2002 Molecular identification of organic compounds in atmospheric complex mixtures and relationship to atmospheric chemistry and sources.
14  particulate matter concentrations <2.5 mum in diameter
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BME (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2014 An LUR/BME framework to estimate PM2.5 explained by on road mobile and stationary sources.
15  particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 mum in diameter
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
SDNN (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2016 Effect of welding fume on heart rate variability among workers with respirators in a shipyard.
16  PM smaller than 2.5 mum
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PM (3 times)
5mC (1 time)
Al (1 time)
2014 Elemental composition of particulate matter and the association with lung function.
17  particles < 2.5 microm
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
PM (1 time)
ULTRA (1 time)
2002 Particulate air pollution and risk of ST-segment depression during repeated submaximal exercise tests among subjects with coronary heart disease: the Exposure and Risk Assessment for Fine and Ultrafine Particles in Ambient Air (ULTRA) study.
18  particles with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 mum
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2002 Traffic-related air pollution and respiratory health during the first 2 yrs of life.
19  particles with an aerodynamic diam less than 2.5 microns
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BAM (1 time)
CAMM (1 time)
RCP (1 time)
2001 Comparison of real-time instruments used to monitor airborne particulate matter.
20  particulate matter with 2.5 microm aerodynamic diameter or smaller
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2007 Immediate impact of smoke-free laws on indoor air quality.
21  particulates less than 2.5m
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
OCls (1 time)
PBDEs (1 time)
2016 An innovative ultrasound assisted extraction micro-scale cell combined with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in negative chemical ionization to determine persistent organic pollutants in air particulate matter.
22  PM less than 2.5 microm in diameter
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NRAP (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2007 Circulating neutrophil CD14 expression and the inverse association of ambient particulate matter on lung function in asthmatic children.
23  pollutant particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
JNK1 (1 time)
MUC5AC (1 time)
2018 Effects of 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Rats Exposed to Air Pollutant Particles Less than 2.5 Micrometers in Diameter (PM2.5).
24  particle (<2.5 microm) mass
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2003 Emissions from charbroiling and grilling of chicken and beef.
25  particle concentrations with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RH (1 time)
USEtox (1 time)
2017 An investigation of the PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations and their human health impacts in the metro subway system of Suzhou, China.
26  particle mass concentration below 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
LDSA (1 time)
PNC (1 time)
2019 Effectiveness of commercial face masks to reduce personal PM exposure.
27  particle mass with diameters < or = 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
GAM (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
2000 Daily mortality and fine and ultrafine particles in Erfurt, Germany part I: role of particle number and particle mass.
28  particle sizes < or =2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2004 Chemical speciation of PM2.5 collected during prescribed fires of the Coconino National Forest near Flagstaff, Arizona.
29  particles 2.5 mum or less in diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOD (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2017 Particulate matter pollution in the coal-producing regions of the Appalachian Mountains: Integrated ground-based measurements and satellite analysis.
30  particles measuring 2.5 microm or less
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2008 Exposure to secondhand smoke in Germany: air contamination due to smoking in German restaurants, bars, and other venues.
31  particles sized 300-2500 nm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
UFPs (1 time)
2013 Exposure to ultrafine particles in hospitality venues with partial smoking bans.
32  particles with a diameter of 2.5 &mu;m or less
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
APMS (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2018 Development and On-Field Testing of Low-Cost Portable System for Monitoring PM2.5 Concentrations.
33  particles with a mass median diameter ≤2.5 mum
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2017 Impact of Feed Delivery Pattern on Aerial Particulate Matter and Behavior of Feedlot Cattle.
34  particles with aerodiameter of < or = 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SIDS (1 time)
2008 Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002.
35  particles with aerodynamic diameters 2.5 mum in diameter or less
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MPC (1 time)
2013 Associations between ambient air pollution and daily mortality among elderly persons in Montreal, Quebec.
36  particulate air pollutants <2.5 microm in diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 Mortality and ambient fine particles in southwest Mexico City, 1993-1995.
37  particulate material with an aerodynamic size ≤ 2.5 m
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EOM (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2017 Mutagenicity and oxidative damage induced by an organic extract of the particulate emissions from a simulation of the deepwater horizon surface oil burns.
38  particulate matter 2.5 microns in diameter or less
(1 time)
APEX (1 time)
CO (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
2018 A multipollutant evaluation of APEX using microenvironmental ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations measured in Los Angeles by the exposure classification project.
39  particulate matter 2.5 microns or smaller in size
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Kerosene lighting contributes to household air pollution in rural Uganda.
40  particulate matter air pollution <2.5 mum
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Health impact assessment of increasing public transport and cycling use in Barcelona: a morbidity and burden of disease approach.
41  particulate matter concentrations with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 mum
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Decreased lung function in 7-year-old children with early-life organophosphate exposure.
42  particulate matter in suspension < 2.5
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
IRR (1 time)
2018 Short-term association between outdoor air pollution and osteoporotic hip fracture.
43  particulate matter in the size ranges 0.1-2.5 microm
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
ETOX (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2001 Human alveolar macrophage responses to air pollution particulates are associated with insoluble components of coarse material, including particulate endotoxin.
44  Particulate Matter Less than 2.5 Micrometers
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AERMOD (1 time)
CAMx (1 time)
EGU (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of the SO2 and NOx offset ratio method to account for secondary PM2.5 formation.
45  particulate matter measuring under 2.5mum
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2018 Multicontaminant air pollution in Chinese cities.
46  particulate matter of 2.5 mum and smaller diameter
(1 time)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(1 time)
CysLT (1 time)
CysLTR1 (1 time)
uLTE4 (1 time)
2018 Cysteinyl Leukotriene Receptor 1 and Health Effects of Particulate Exposure in Asthma.
47  particulate matter particles less than 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Health Policy
(1 time)
--- 2016 Mortality, hospital days and expenditures attributable to ambient air pollution from particulate matter in Israel.
48  particulate matter size fraction 2.5 micron
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AQ (1 time)
CSAM (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2018 Spatial-Temporal Analysis of PM2.5 and NO₂ Concentrations Collected Using Low-Cost Sensors in Penuelas, Puerto Rico.
49  particulate matter sized < 2.5mm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BOD (1 time)
CO (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2016 Reducing burden of disease from residential indoor air exposures in Europe (HEALTHVENT project).
50  particulate matter with a size of up to 2.5mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PMF (1 time)
2016 Apportionment of the sources of high fine particulate matter concentration events in a developing aerotropolis in Taoyuan, Taiwan.
51  particulate matter with particle sizes < or =2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PILS-IC (1 time)
2004 Semicontinuous PM2.5 sulfate and nitrate measurements at an urban and a rural location in New York: PMTACS-NY summer 2001 and 2002 campaigns.
52  Particulate matter with size less than or equal to 2.5mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
IGP (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2017 Seasonal variation of chemical composition and source apportionment of PM2.5 in Pune, India.
53  Particulate Matter, 2.5 micrometers or less
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2017 Decomposition Analysis of Black-White Disparities in Birth Outcomes: The Relative Contribution of Air Pollution and Social Factors in California.
54  particulate matter  2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
SJVAB (1 time)
2015 Effectiveness of residential wood-burning regulation on decreasing particulate matter levels and hospitalizations in the San Joaquin Valley Air Basin.
55  particulates (>2.5 microm) and the fine particulates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2002 Study of the toxicological mechanism of acidified aerosols.
56  period, which involved two 24-h measurements of home air quality
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2013 REFRESH--reducing families' exposure to secondhand smoke in the home: a feasibility study.
57  PM 2.5 pm or smaller in aerodynamic diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CAPs (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
2003 Controlled exposures of healthy and asthmatic volunteers to concentrated ambient particles in metropolitan Los Angeles.
58  PM 2.5 mum aerodynamic diameter or smaller
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
e-cig (1 time)
PM (1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2017 Electronic cigarette use and indoor air quality in a natural setting.
59  PM < 2.5 microns
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2016 Particulate Matter 2.5 Exposure and Self-Reported Use of Wood Stoves and Other Indoor Combustion Sources in Urban Nonsmoking Homes in Norway.
60  PM < or = 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2011 Windsor, Ontario exposure assessment study: design and methods validation of personal, indoor, and outdoor air pollution monitoring.
61  PM concentrations less than 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
BPN-RT (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2013 Development of hybrid genetic-algorithm-based neural networks using regression trees for modeling air quality inside a public transportation bus.
62  PM diameters smaller than 2.5mum
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
PEF (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2017 A panel study of airborne particulate matter composition versus concentration: Potential for inflammatory response and impaired pulmonary function in children.
63  PM less than 2.5 microm in mass median aerodynamic diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
PAI (1 time)
TAT (1 time)
2002 Effect of concentrated ambient particulate matter on blood coagulation parameters in rats.
64  PM less than 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2007 Characterization of PM2.5, gaseous pollutants, and meteorological interactions in the context of time-series health effects models.
65  PM of aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 microm or less
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NIOSH (1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2009 PM4 crystalline silica emission factors and ambient concentrations at aggregate-producing sources in California.
66  PM of size upto 2.5 micrometer
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HMs (1 time)
PM (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
2013 Emission estimates of particulate matter and heavy metals from mobile sources in Delhi (India).
67  PM of ≤ 2.5 mu m diameter
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM2.5LL (1 time)
2018 Lipopolysaccharide levels adherent to PM2.5 play an important role in particulate matter induced-immunosuppressive effects in mouse splenocytes.
68  PM size fractions ≤ 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2015 Natural-cause mortality and long-term exposure to particle components: an analysis of 19 European cohorts within the multi-center ESCAPE project.
69  PM under 2.5 m
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
STEMI (1 time)
2018 The role of air pollution on ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a narrative mini review.
70  PM with an aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 microm or smaller
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
EC (1 time)
MESA (1 time)
2013 National Particle Component Toxicity (NPACT) initiative report on cardiovascular effects.
71  PM with da < 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CONAMA (1 time)
PM2.5-10 (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2005 Analysis of PM10, PM2.5, and PM2 5-10 concentrations in Santiago, Chile, from 1989 to 2001.
72  PM with diameters less than 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2007 Estimating the burden of disease attributable to urban outdoor air pollution in South Africa in 2000.
73  PM, especially with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 m
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2018 Epidemiological study of PM2.5 and risk of COPD-related hospital visits in association with particle constituents in Chuncheon, Korea.
74  PM-2.5 pm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2011 Windsor, Ontario exposure assessment study: design and methods validation of personal, indoor, and outdoor air pollution monitoring.
75  PM10, CO, O3, SO2, NO2, and fine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2000 A study of the association between daily mortality and ambient air pollutant concentrations in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
76  PM2.5 daily
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
HIT (1 time)
iHSP70 (1 time)
2017 Exercise Training under Exposure to Low Levels of Fine Particulate Matter: Effects on Heart Oxidative Stress and Extra-to-Intracellular HSP70 Ratio.
77  PM2.5 group
(1 time)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2017 Statin Attenuated Myocardial Inflammation Induced by PM2.5 in Rats.
78  Pollution exposures were interpolated from 23 fine particle
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
RR (1 time)
2005 Spatial analysis of air pollution and mortality in Los Angeles.
79  pollution with a diameter ≤ 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
SYN1 (1 time)
2015 In Utero Fine Particle Air Pollution and Placental Expression of Genes in the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Signaling Pathway: An ENVIRONAGE Birth Cohort Study.
80  pollution, quantified by ambient fine particles <2.5mum in aerodynamic diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GARCH (1 time)
2018 Causality test of ambient fine particles and human influenza in Taiwan: Age group-specific disparity and geographic heterogeneity.
81  populations examined were exposed to respirable particles (< 2.5 microm)
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
WBCs (1 time)
1997 Air pollution exposure-DNA adduct dosimetry in humans and rodents: evidence for non-linearity at high doses.
82  programs have favored measurement of particles less than 2.5 m
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2017 Seasonal ambient particulate matter and population health outcomes among communities impacted by road dust in British Columbia, Canada.