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Abbreviation: PM2.5
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
particulate matter 2.5
(931 times)
Environmental Health
(509 times)
CI (101 times)
PM10 (71 times)
PM (68 times)
1994 Concentration of indoor particulate matter as a determinant of respiratory health in children.
PM<2.5mum
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
PM (12 times)
PM10 (3 times)
PEF (2 times)
2011 Windsor, Ontario Exposure Assessment Study: Design and Methods Validation of Personal, Indoor, and Outdoor Air Pollution Monitoring.
particles with median diameter of <2.5 mum
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CO (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DEP (1 time)
2004 Possible mechanisms of the cardiovascular effects of inhaled particles: systemic translocation and prothrombotic effects.
PM with diameter <2.5 mum
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PM (9 times)
IQR (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
2015 Autism spectrum disorder and particulate matter air pollution before, during, and after pregnancy: a nested case-control analysis within the Nurses' Health Study II Cohort.
particles <2.5mum
(7 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
CO (3 times)
AhR (2 times)
EOM (2 times)
2013 Nucleotide excision repair is not induced in human embryonic lung fibroblasts treated with environmental pollutants.
PM<2.5 microm in diameter
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PM (4 times)
PM10 (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
2006 Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in nine California counties: results from CALFINE.
PM2.5abs
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
NOx (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2015 Air pollution and atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional analysis of four European cohort studies in the ESCAPE study.
particles with diameters of less than 2.5mum
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CMB (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
ESCAPE (1 time)
2002 Molecular identification of organic compounds in atmospheric complex mixtures and relationship to atmospheric chemistry and sources.
particles<2.5 m in diameter
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PM (3 times)
CO (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
2005 Epidemiological evidence of effects of coarse airborne particles on health.
10  particulate matter air pollution <2.5 mum in diameter
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BME (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2014 An LUR/BME framework to estimate PM2.5 explained by on road mobile and stationary sources.
11  particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 mum in diameter
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
SDNN (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2016 Effect of welding fume on heart rate variability among workers with respirators in a shipyard.
12  particulate matter particles less than or equal to 2.5 microm
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AE6 (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2003 Effects of ambient air pollution on symptom severity and medication use in children with asthma.
13  PM smaller than 2.5 mum
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PM (3 times)
5mC (1 time)
Al (1 time)
2014 Elemental composition of particulate matter and the association with lung function.
14  particle mass <2.5 microm
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
PM (1 time)
ULTRA (1 time)
2002 Particulate air pollution and risk of ST-segment depression during repeated submaximal exercise tests among subjects with coronary heart disease: the Exposure and Risk Assessment for Fine and Ultrafine Particles in Ambient Air (ULTRA) study.
15  particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AERMOD (1 time)
CAMx (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of the SO2 and NOx offset ratio method to account for secondary PM2.5 formation.
16  particulate matter measuring under 2.5mum
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
LIC/LMIC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2018 Multicontaminant air pollution in Chinese cities.
17  particulate matter with 2.5 m aerodynamic diameter or smaller
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2007 Immediate impact of smoke-free laws on indoor air quality.
18  particulates less than 2.5m
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
OCls (1 time)
PBDEs (1 time)
2016 An innovative ultrasound assisted extraction micro-scale cell combined with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in negative chemical ionization to determine persistent organic pollutants in air particulate matter.
19  PM less than 2.5mum in diameter
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NRAP (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2007 Circulating neutrophil CD14 expression and the inverse association of ambient particulate matter on lung function in asthmatic children.
20  pollutant particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
JNK1 (1 time)
MUC5AC (1 time)
2018 Effects of 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Rats Exposed to Air Pollutant Particles Less than 2.5 Micrometers in Diameter (PM2.5).
21  particle (<2.5 microm) mass
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2003 Emissions from charbroiling and grilling of chicken and beef.
22  particle concentrations with an aerodynamic diameter smaller than 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RH (1 time)
USEtox (1 time)
2017 An investigation of the PM2.5 and NO2 concentrations and their human health impacts in the metro subway system of Suzhou, China.
23  particle mass concentration below 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
LDSA (1 time)
PNC (1 time)
2019 Effectiveness of commercial face masks to reduce personal PM exposure.
24  particle mass with diameters < or = 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
GAM (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
2000 Daily mortality and fine and ultrafine particles in Erfurt, Germany part I: role of particle number and particle mass.
25  particle sizes < or =2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2004 Chemical speciation of PM2.5 collected during prescribed fires of the Coconino National Forest near Flagstaff, Arizona.
26  particles 2.5 microns and smaller
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2020 Contribution of bioaerosols to airborne particulate matter.
27  particles 2.5 mum or less in diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOD (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2017 Particulate matter pollution in the coal-producing regions of the Appalachian Mountains: Integrated ground-based measurements and satellite analysis.
28  particles measuring 2.5 microm or less
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2008 Exposure to secondhand smoke in Germany: air contamination due to smoking in German restaurants, bars, and other venues.
29  particles sized 300-2500 nm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
UFPs (1 time)
2013 Exposure to ultrafine particles in hospitality venues with partial smoking bans.
30  particles with a mass median diameter ≤2.5 mum
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2017 Impact of Feed Delivery Pattern on Aerial Particulate Matter and Behavior of Feedlot Cattle.
31  particles with aerodiameter of < or = 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SIDS (1 time)
2008 Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002.
32  particles with aerodynamic diameters 2.5 mum in diameter or less
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MPC (1 time)
2013 Associations between ambient air pollution and daily mortality among elderly persons in Montreal, Quebec.
33  particles with equal to/less than 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2019 Investigation of reducing particulate matter (PM) and heavy metals pollutions by adding a novel additive from metallurgical dust (MD) during coal combustion.
34  particulate air pollutants <2.5 microm in diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
1998 Mortality and ambient fine particles in southwest Mexico City, 1993-1995.
35  particulate material with an aerodynamic size ≤ 2.5 m
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EOM (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2017 Mutagenicity and oxidative damage induced by an organic extract of the particulate emissions from a simulation of the deepwater horizon surface oil burns.
36  particulate matter 2.5 microns or smaller in size
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Kerosene lighting contributes to household air pollution in rural Uganda.
37  particulate matter air pollution <2.5 mum
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Health impact assessment of increasing public transport and cycling use in Barcelona: a morbidity and burden of disease approach.
38  particulate matter concentrations with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 mum
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Decreased lung function in 7-year-old children with early-life organophosphate exposure.
39  particulate matter in suspension < 2.5
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
IRR (1 time)
2018 Short-term association between outdoor air pollution and osteoporotic hip fracture.
40  particulate matter in the size ranges 0.1-2.5 microm
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
ETOX (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2001 Human alveolar macrophage responses to air pollution particulates are associated with insoluble components of coarse material, including particulate endotoxin.
41  particulate matter particles less than 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Health Policy
(1 time)
--- 2016 Mortality, hospital days and expenditures attributable to ambient air pollution from particulate matter in Israel.
42  particulate matter size fraction 2.5 micron
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AQ (1 time)
CSAM (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2018 Spatial-Temporal Analysis of PM2.5 and NO₂ Concentrations Collected Using Low-Cost Sensors in Penuelas, Puerto Rico.
43  particulate matter smaller than 2.5 micrograms per cubic meter
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CAAA (1 time)
US (1 time)
2019 Estimating Causal Effects of Particulate Matter Regulation on Mortality.
44  particulate matter with particle sizes < or =2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PILS-IC (1 time)
2004 Semicontinuous PM2.5 sulfate and nitrate measurements at an urban and a rural location in New York: PMTACS-NY summer 2001 and 2002 campaigns.
45  Particulate matter with size less than or equal to 2.5mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
IGP (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2017 Seasonal variation of chemical composition and source apportionment of PM2.5 in Pune, India.
46  Particulate Matter, 2.5 micrometers or less
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2017 Decomposition Analysis of Black-White Disparities in Birth Outcomes: The Relative Contribution of Air Pollution and Social Factors in California.
47  particulate matter, up to 2.5 m
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 [Breathing: Ambient Air Pollution and Health - Part II].
48  particulate matter  2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
SJVAB (1 time)
2015 Effectiveness of residential wood-burning regulation on decreasing particulate matter levels and hospitalizations in the San Joaquin Valley Air Basin.
49  particulates (>2.5 microm) and the fine particulates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2002 Study of the toxicological mechanism of acidified aerosols.
50  period, which involved two 24-h measurements of home air quality
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2013 REFRESH--reducing families' exposure to secondhand smoke in the home: a feasibility study.
51  PM 2.5 pm or smaller in aerodynamic diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CAPs (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
2003 Controlled exposures of healthy and asthmatic volunteers to concentrated ambient particles in metropolitan Los Angeles.
52  PM 2.5 mum aerodynamic diameter or smaller
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
e-cig (1 time)
PM (1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2017 Electronic cigarette use and indoor air quality in a natural setting.
53  PM < 2.5 microns
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2016 Particulate Matter 2.5 Exposure and Self-Reported Use of Wood Stoves and Other Indoor Combustion Sources in Urban Nonsmoking Homes in Norway.
54  PM < or = 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2011 Windsor, Ontario exposure assessment study: design and methods validation of personal, indoor, and outdoor air pollution monitoring.
55  PM concentrations less than 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
BPN-RT (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2013 Development of hybrid genetic-algorithm-based neural networks using regression trees for modeling air quality inside a public transportation bus.
56  PM diameters smaller than 2.5mum
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
PEF (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2017 A panel study of airborne particulate matter composition versus concentration: Potential for inflammatory response and impaired pulmonary function in children.
57  PM less than 2.5 microm in mass median aerodynamic diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
PAI (1 time)
TAT (1 time)
2002 Effect of concentrated ambient particulate matter on blood coagulation parameters in rats.
58  PM less than 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2007 Characterization of PM2.5, gaseous pollutants, and meteorological interactions in the context of time-series health effects models.
59  PM of aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 microm or less
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NIOSH (1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2009 PM4 crystalline silica emission factors and ambient concentrations at aggregate-producing sources in California.
60  PM of size upto 2.5 micrometer
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HMs (1 time)
PM (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
2013 Emission estimates of particulate matter and heavy metals from mobile sources in Delhi (India).
61  PM of ≤ 2.5 mu m diameter
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM2.5LL (1 time)
2018 Lipopolysaccharide levels adherent to PM2.5 play an important role in particulate matter induced-immunosuppressive effects in mouse splenocytes.
62  PM size fractions ≤ 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2015 Natural-cause mortality and long-term exposure to particle components: an analysis of 19 European cohorts within the multi-center ESCAPE project.
63  PM under 2.5 m
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
STEMI (1 time)
2018 The role of air pollution on ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a narrative mini review.
64  PM with da < 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CONAMA (1 time)
PM2.5-10 (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2005 Analysis of PM10, PM2.5, and PM2 5-10 concentrations in Santiago, Chile, from 1989 to 2001.
65  PM with diameters less than 2.5 microm
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2007 Estimating the burden of disease attributable to urban outdoor air pollution in South Africa in 2000.
66  PM, especially with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 m
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2018 Epidemiological study of PM2.5 and risk of COPD-related hospital visits in association with particle constituents in Chuncheon, Korea.
67  PM-2.5 pm
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM (1 time)
2011 Windsor, Ontario exposure assessment study: design and methods validation of personal, indoor, and outdoor air pollution monitoring.
68  PM10, CO, O3, SO2, NO2, and fine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2000 A study of the association between daily mortality and ambient air pollutant concentrations in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
69  PM2.5 daily
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
HIT (1 time)
iHSP70 (1 time)
2017 Exercise Training under Exposure to Low Levels of Fine Particulate Matter: Effects on Heart Oxidative Stress and Extra-to-Intracellular HSP70 Ratio.
70  PM2.5 group
(1 time)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2017 Statin Attenuated Myocardial Inflammation Induced by PM2.5 in Rats.
71  PM2.5-bound PAHs
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ICR (1 time)
LY (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2020 Characterization of PM2.5-Bound Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons at Two Central China Cities: Seasonal Variation, Sources, and Health Risk Assessment.
72  PM2.5DECH
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
DECH (1 time)
2020 Utilizing daily excessive concentration hours to estimate cardiovascular mortality and years of life lost attributable to fine particulate matter in Tehran, Iran.
73  PM2.5mean
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
DECH (1 time)
2020 Utilizing daily excessive concentration hours to estimate cardiovascular mortality and years of life lost attributable to fine particulate matter in Tehran, Iran.
74  PM2.5_CTRT
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CPSCF (1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2019 Contribution of transregional transport to particle pollution and health effects in Shanghai during 2013-2017.
75  Pollution exposures were interpolated from 23 fine particle
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
RR (1 time)
2005 Spatial analysis of air pollution and mortality in Los Angeles.
76  pollution with a diameter ≤ 2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
SYN1 (1 time)
2015 In Utero Fine Particle Air Pollution and Placental Expression of Genes in the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Signaling Pathway: An ENVIRONAGE Birth Cohort Study.
77  pollution, especially those particles <2.5 mum
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Exposure to ambient fine particles and neuropsychiatric symptoms in cognitive disorder: A repeated measure analysis from the CREDOS (Clinical Research Center for Dementia of South Korea) study.
78  pollution, quantified by ambient fine particles <2.5mum in aerodynamic diameter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GARCH (1 time)
2018 Causality test of ambient fine particles and human influenza in Taiwan: Age group-specific disparity and geographic heterogeneity.
79  populations examined were exposed to respirable particles (< 2.5 microm)
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
WBCs (1 time)
1997 Air pollution exposure-DNA adduct dosimetry in humans and rodents: evidence for non-linearity at high doses.
80  programs have favored measurement of particles less than 2.5 m
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PM10 (1 time)
2017 Seasonal ambient particulate matter and population health outcomes among communities impacted by road dust in British Columbia, Canada.