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Abbreviation: PMNs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(2614 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(543 times)
PMA (150 times)
fMLP (133 times)
LPS (88 times)
1974 Selective labilization of specific granules in polymorphonuclear leukocytes by phorbol myristate acetate.
polymorphonuclear neutrophils
(920 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(193 times)
LPS (53 times)
fMLP (48 times)
PMA (41 times)
1975 Cytology as a guide to the presence of chlamydial inclusions in Giemsa-stained conjunctival smears in severe endemic trachoma.
polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes
(76 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
IL (8 times)
ROS (5 times)
fMLP (4 times)
1979 Lung injury induced by leukocytic proteases.
phrenic motoneurons
(21 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
FBMs (2 times)
mGluRs (2 times)
SLN (2 times)
1989 Synaptic inhibition of phrenic motoneurones evoked by stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve.
primed neutrophils
(13 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
PAF (3 times)
ALI (2 times)
HTS (2 times)
1990 Activation of neutrophils by cachectin/tumor necrosis factor: priming of N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine-induced oxidative responsiveness via receptor mobilization without degranulation.
polymorphoneutrophils
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
A5-LOX (1 time)
Ad.mIL-12 (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1984 Peroxidase activity in relation to iodide, 17 beta-oestradiol and thioureylene drug uptake in human polymorphoneutrophils.
primary motor neurons
(8 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CaP (4 times)
hpf (2 times)
MiP (2 times)
2008 Position fine-tuning of caudal primary motoneurons in the zebrafish spinal cord.
primary malignant neoplasms
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HCC (2 times)
AML (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1992 Hepatocellular carcinoma with extrahepatic primary neoplasms.
peritoneal macrophages and polymorphonuclears
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
C5aR (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
TBH (1 time)
1999 Response-selective C5a agonists: differential effects on neutropenia and hypotension in the rat.
10  pleural cavity which contained a large number of neutrophils
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
2001 Pharmacological manipulation of the inflammatory cascade by the superoxide dismutase mimetic, M40403.
11  Polymorphonuclear leukocytes or neutrophils
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
2000 Endothelial signal transduction system enhances neutrophil-induced pulmonary vascular permeability.
12  premotor neurons
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NA (2 times)
NTS (2 times)
PRV (2 times)
2000 Central integration of swallow and airway-protective reflexes.
13  particulate stimuli with human neutrophils
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
LTB4 (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
1985 Graded responses of human neutrophils induced by serum-treated zymosan.
14  peripheral mononuclear cells
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
HB-EGF (1 time)
HS/R (1 time)
2004 Phase I trial of UFT/leucovorin and irinotecan in patients with advanced cancer.
15  peripheral multinuclear neutrophils
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
--- 2004 Synthesis of curcumin analogues as potential antioxidant, cancer chemopreventive agents.
16  phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DHBAs (1 time)
HX (1 time)
Mn (1 time)
1993 Stimulation of the bactericidal activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes by manganese.
17  pleural cavity that contained many neutrophils
(2 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2001 Protective effects of n-acetylcysteine on lung injury and red blood cell modification induced by carrageenan in the rat.
18  Premanufacture Notices
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TSCA (1 time)
1982 What industrial hygienists should know about TSCA.
19  primary midbrain neurons
(2 times)
Nervous System
(1 time)
alpha-Syn (1 time)
DA (1 time)
GDNF (1 time)
2015 Alpha-Synuclein Regulates Neuronal Levels of Manganese and Calcium.
20  prominent component of the secondary granules of neutrophils
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Lactoferrin and host defence: an overview of its immuno-modulating and anti-inflammatory properties.
21  pulmonary sequestration of neutrophils
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
TX (1 time)
ZAP (1 time)
1989 Neutrophil kinetics in rabbits during infusion of zymosan-activated plasma.
22  pulmonary-recruited neutrophils
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BAL (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
CINC (1 time)
1994 Defective pulmonary recruitment of neutrophils in a rat model of endotoxemia.
23  4-Cl-phenacyl methylphosphonates
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Enantioselective and reversible inhibition of trypsin and alpha-chymotrypsin by phosphonate esters.
24  CML-PMN leucocytes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1979 In vitro function of chronic myelocytic leukemia granulocytes. Effects of irradiation and storage.
25  melanoma-polymorphonuclear neutrophils
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
sFg (1 time)
2012 Fibrin serves as a divalent ligand that regulates neutrophil-mediated melanoma cells adhesion to endothelium under shear conditions.
26  pacemaker sites forming the 'pacemaker nodes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Identification of the location of the colonic pacemakers: a histologic study.
27  parameters of human and rat neutrophils
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1996 Effect of 4-hydroxynonenal on superoxide anion production from primed human neutrophils.
28  Parenteral feeding increases ICAM-1 expression and attracts neutrophils
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2001 Enteral nutrition prevents remote organ injury and death after a gut ischemic insult.
29  partial metabolic networks
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 UniDrug-target: a computational tool to identify unique drug targets in pathogenic bacteria.
30  particularly neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
2004 Recognition of apoptotic cells by human peripheral blood monocytes does not alter their ability to phagocytize and kill Staphylococcus aureus.
31  pathomechanisms underlying the migration of transepidermal leukocytes
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Localization of IL-8 and complement components in lesional skin of psoriasis vulgaris and pustulosis palmaris et plantaris.
32  pathway in human neutrophils
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NDMA (1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
2011 The effect of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) on Bax and Mcl-1 expression in human neutrophils.
33  patients is accompanied by an enhanced migration of neutrophils
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
mAb (1 time)
2000 Increased protein loss during peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis is neutrophil dependent.
34  peptide caused recruitment of neutrophils
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
PGP (1 time)
2006 A novel peptide CXCR ligand derived from extracellular matrix degradation during airway inflammation.
35  peptides from human neutrophils
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
5-LO (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
LTB4 (1 time)
2007 Leukotriene B4 triggers release of the cathelicidin LL-37 from human neutrophils: novel lipid-peptide interactions in innate immune responses.
36  performed, confirming that fluorescent cells were neutrophil elastase(+)
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
AMs (1 time)
ECFM (1 time)
2015 Smart imaging of acute lung injury: exploration of myeloperoxidase activity using in vivo endoscopic confocal fluorescence microscopy.
37  perfused with Ringer-albumin solution containing neutrophils
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
OZ (1 time)
1990 Pulmonary edema induced by phagocytosing neutrophils. Protective effect of monoclonal antibody against phagocyte CD18 integrin.
38  period in vitro more chemotactic activity for neutrophils
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1987 Neutrophil chemotactic activity produced by normal and activated human bronchoalveolar lavage cells.
39  peripheral blood monocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AMs (1 time)
1998 Differential regulation of allergen-specific T(H2)- but not T(H1)-type responses by alveolar macrophages in atopic asthma.
40  peripheral human neutrophils
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
NOX (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
2006 The inhibitory effect of phenylpropanoid glycosides and iridoid glucosides on free radical production and beta2 integrin expression in human leucocytes.
41  phagocytosis by human neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
C3b (1 time)
FQ method (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
1982 In vitro effect of hydrocortisone on the attachment and ingestion phases of immunoglobulin G- and complement component 3b-mediated phagocytosis by human neutrophils.
42  phagocytosis of intact aging human neutrophils
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
TSP (1 time)
1992 Thrombospondin cooperates with CD36 and the vitronectin receptor in macrophage recognition of neutrophils undergoing apoptosis.
43  phorbol esters, calcium ionophores and other agonists, neutrophils
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2003 Phospholipase A2 modulates respiratory burst developed by neutrophils in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
44  piece-meal necroses
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
PBC (1 time)
1995 [Primary biliary cirrhosis. Localization of antigen-presenting cells in piecemeal necroses].
45  plasma and leukocytes
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2005 Analysis of a quantitative PCR assay for CMV infection in liver transplant recipients: an intent to find the optimal cut-off value.
46  plasma membranes of polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
1989 The hemopexin receptor on the cell surface of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
47  platelets on the surface of isolated homologous neutrophilic leucocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ILO (1 time)
1993 Selectin-P-mediated adherence of platelets to neutrophils is regulated by prostanoids and nitric oxide.
48  pneumotoxicity may be mediated by blood neutrophils
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ANTU (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
tANTU (1 time)
1986 Technical grade but not recrystallized alpha-naphthylthiourea potentiates superoxide release by rat neutrophils stimulated in vitro by phorbol myristate acetate.
49  polyelectrolyte multilayer nanofilms
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LbL (1 time)
2013 In vitro evaluation of chondrosarcoma cells and canine chondrocytes on layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembled multilayer nanofilms.
50  polymeric monofunctional nanoparticles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Monofunctional polymer nanoparticles prepared through intramolecularly cross-linking the polymer chains sparsely grafted on the surface of sacrificial silica spheres.
51  polymodal nociceptive fibers
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Lack of opiate effects on cat C polymodal nociceptive fibers.
52  polymodal nociceptors
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SS (1 time)
1989 Sympathetic facilitation of sustained discharges of polymodal nociceptors.
53  polymorphonuclear blood cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
rfrIL-8 (1 time)
2010 Expression of biologically active recombinant ferret (Mustela putorius furo) interleukin-8 from Escherichia coli.
54  Polymorphonuclear inflammatory cells
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2001 Some aspects of immunology of the bovine uterus related to treatments for endometritis.
55  pool of mature neutrophils
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
1982 Cyclic neutropenia (CN): a clue to the control of granulopoiesis.
56  populations-i.e. monocytes and polymorphonuclear granulocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
KC (1 time)
PCT (1 time)
2002 Flow cytometric analysis of procalcitonin expression in human monocytes and granulocytes.
57  possible to collect much larger numbers of neutrophils
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HPC (1 time)
2012 Role of granulocyte/neutrophil transfusions for haematology/oncology patients in the modern era.
58  possibly meaningful response: polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
FA (1 time)
IgE (1 time)
2012 Allergic inflammation in the human lower respiratory tract affected by exposure to diesel exhaust.
59  post-treatment when these rats demonstrated 60-85% neutrophils
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MT (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
1996 Characterization of the early pulmonary inflammatory response associated with PTFE fume exposure.
60  postcapillary venules, marginating neutrophils
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1993 P-selectin mediates neutrophil rolling on histamine-stimulated endothelial cells.
61  Postischaemic reperfusion produced severe cardiac necrosis, caused neutrophil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CPK (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
MAL (1 time)
1994 Reduction of myocardial infarct size in rat by IRFI-048, a selective analogue of vitamin E.
62  postmitotic neurons
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
hNE (1 time)
TRP (1 time)
2009 Developmental regulation of human embryonic stem cell-derived neurons by calcium entry via transient receptor potential channels.
63  potent chemoattractant described for human peripheral blood neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
FN (1 time)
VLA-5 (1 time)
1994 Neutrophil chemotaxis in response to TGF-beta isoforms (TGF-beta 1, TGF-beta 2, TGF-beta 3) is mediated by fibronectin.
64  potent chemotactic cytokine for neutrophils
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ENA-78 (1 time)
RA (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
1994 Epithelial neutrophil activating peptide-78: a novel chemotactic cytokine for neutrophils in arthritis.
65  potential, Em, of human granulocytes
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FMLP (1 time)
1988 Morphological changes and membrane potential of human granulocytes under influence of chemotactic peptide and/or echo-virus, type 9.
66  ppm ozone had significant increases in neutrophils
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
1991 Exposure of humans to ambient levels of ozone for 6.6 hours causes cellular and biochemical changes in the lung.
67  Pre-Metastatic Niches
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2016 Pre-Metastatic Niche Formation Has Taken Its TOLL.
68  predominantly more polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Inflammatory responses to cryptococcosis in congenitally athymic mice.
69  preliminary isolation of neutrophils
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NETs (1 time)
OSCC (1 time)
2018 Differences and similarities in the phenomenon of NETs formation in oral inflammation and in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
70  Premanufacture Notifications
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
OECD (1 time)
RB (1 time)
2007 Biodegradation of US premanufacture notice chemicals in OECD tests.
71  preparations moving polymorphonuclear leucocytes
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1980 The computer leucocyte. Analysis of the random movement of leucocytes in a visual field by means of computer simulation.
72  present study was to analyze the chemotactic response of neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2002 Study of chemotactic activity developed by neutrophils from rheumatoid arthritis patients.
73  present study was to evaluate some functions of neutrophil granulocytes
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
MoAb (1 time)
1993 [Correlations between membrane integrins and granulocyte defects in myelodysplastic syndromes].
74  present with decreased chemotaxis of systemic neutrophils
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Neutrophil modulation by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. I. Chemotaxis, surface receptor expression and F-actin polymerization.
75  Pretreatment of neutrophils
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PMA (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
1990 Tumor necrosis factor primes neutrophils by shortening the lag period of the respiratory burst.
76  Previous investigations have documented iPLA2-mediated respiratory burst of neutrophils
(1 time)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
cPLA2 (1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
2015 Discrete roles of intracellular phospholipases A2 in human neutrophil cytotoxicity.
77  Previous studies from our laboratories have demonstrated that granulocytes
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Complement-induced granulocyte aggregation in vivo.
78  Previous studies have demonstrated that circulating neutrophils
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
MI/R (1 time)
1998 Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in CD18- and ICAM-1-deficient mice.
79  previously that GXM blocks the firm adhesion of neutrophils
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GXM (1 time)
2004 Cryptococcal glucuronoxylomannan interferes with neutrophil rolling on the endothelium.
80  primary mesencephalic neurons
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
MPTP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2009 Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor promotes survival of dopaminergic neurons in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced murine Parkinson's disease model.
81  primary MNs
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
INs (1 time)
MNs (1 time)
pMN (1 time)
2014 Lhx3 and Lhx4 suppress Kolmer-Agduhr interneuron characteristics within zebrafish axial motoneurons.
82  prime but do not activate neutrophils
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HMVECs (1 time)
lysoPCs (1 time)
TRALI (1 time)
2002 A two-insult in vitro model of PMN-mediated pulmonary endothelial damage: requirements for adherence and chemokine release.
83  primed human neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
IL-18 (1 time)
p38 MAPK (1 time)
2005 Interleukin-18 primes the oxidative burst of neutrophils in response to formyl-peptides: role of cytochrome b558 translocation and N-formyl peptide receptor endocytosis.
84  priming of circulating neutrophils
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PRBCs (1 time)
2001 Resuscitation with a blood substitute abrogates pathologic postinjury neutrophil cytotoxic function.
85  Priming of neutrophils
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
PLD (1 time)
1998 Primed neutrophils require phosphatidic acid for maximal receptor-activated elastase release.
86  process mediated by polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 Human epithelial cells establish direct antifungal defense through TLR4-mediated signaling.
87  process that involves massive activation of neutrophils
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
OZ (1 time)
2004 Inhibitory activity of flavonoids from Lychnophora sp. on generation of reactive oxygen species by neutrophils upon stimulation by immune complexes.
88  processes, less is known about the involvement of neutrophils
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2015 Update on the role of neutrophils in atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability.
89  production by isolated intact human neutrophils
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
PGE1 (1 time)
1986 Pharmacologic modulation by prostaglandin E1 of superoxide anion production by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
90  production in human granulocytes
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MNCs (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2003 Influence of steroids on oxidant generation in activated human granulocytes and mononuclear leukocytes.
91  production of O2- by added human neutrophils
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BPAE (1 time)
ETYA (1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
1990 Endothelial cells inhibit receptor-mediated superoxide anion production by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes via a soluble inhibitor.
92  production of OH. by human granulocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1980 Evidence that OH. production by human PMNs is related to prostaglandin metabolism.
93  production, and superoxide anion generation by human neutrophils
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
NDMA (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2013 Role of ERK1/2 kinase in the expression of iNOS by NDMA in human neutrophils.
94  prominent basement membrane component, is chemotactic for both neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MMP-9 (1 time)
TNFRs (1 time)
2005 A chemotactic peptide from laminin alpha 5 functions as a regulator of inflammatory immune responses via TNF alpha-mediated signaling.
95  promoted bacterial adherence to neutrophils
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1997 The effect of antibiotic exposure on adherence to neutrophils of Enterococcus faecium resistant to phagocytosis.
96  promotes direct, opsonin-independent binding of E. faecalis to human neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
1999 Enterococcus faecalis bearing aggregation substance is resistant to killing by human neutrophils despite phagocytosis and neutrophil activation.
97  promotes the adherence of neutrophils
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HUVE (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1989 Protein kinase C: a potential pathway of endothelial cell activation by endotoxin, tumor necrosis factor, and interleukin-1.
98  protection mechanism in polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1985 Monoclonal antibodies demonstrate protection of polymorphonuclear leukocytes against complement attack.
99  proteins to investigate the mechanisms by which stimulated human neutrophils
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1990 Human neutrophil adherence to laminin in vitro. Evidence for a distinct neutrophil integrin receptor for laminin.
100  protractor motoneurons
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1980 Connectivity changes in an isolated molluscan ganglion during in vivo culture.