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Abbreviation: PND
Appearance Frequency: 3238 time(s)
Long forms: 137

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
postnatal day
(2298 times)
Toxicology
(732 times)
GD (273 times)
BPA (84 times)
DA (50 times)
1976 Areal changes in mouse cortical barrels following vibrissal damage at different postnatal ages.
prenatal diagnosis
(227 times)
Hematology
(49 times)
PGD (43 times)
CVS (17 times)
Hb (12 times)
1986 The impact of prenatal diagnosis on the occurrence of chromosome abnormalities.
postnatal depression
(218 times)
Psychiatry
(70 times)
EPDS (62 times)
OR (12 times)
CI (10 times)
1993 A feminist perspective on postnatal depression.
principal neutralizing determinant
(54 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(14 times)
HIV-1 (15 times)
HIV (7 times)
CTL (2 times)
1990 Broadly neutralizing antibodies elicited by the hypervariable neutralizing determinant of HIV-1.
principal neutralizing domain
(31 times)
Virology
(16 times)
EIAV (10 times)
HIV-1 (9 times)
HIV (2 times)
1990 Vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus is correlated with the absence of high-affinity/avidity maternal antibodies to the gp120 principal neutralizing domain.
pathologic nipple discharge
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
MD (5 times)
BCS (3 times)
DCIS (3 times)
2002 Directed duct excision by using mammary ductoscopy in patients with pathologic nipple discharge.
paraneoplastic neurologic disorders
(28 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CNS (3 times)
SCLC (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1997 Mouse chromosomal locations of nine genes encoding homologs of human paraneoplastic neurologic disorder antigens.
phrenic nerve discharge
(25 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
RTN (9 times)
RVLM (6 times)
commNTS (4 times)
1990 Rostral ventrolateral medulla and sympathorespiratory integration in rats.
phrenic nerve-diaphragm
(19 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
BC (8 times)
CK (3 times)
EDL (3 times)
1999 Neutralizing capacity of antisera raised in horses and rabbits against Crotalus durissus terrificus (South American rattlesnake) venom and its main toxin, crotoxin.
10  permanent neurological dysfunction
(15 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
TND (8 times)
DHCA (4 times)
ASCP (3 times)
2005 Predictor of neurologic dysfunction after elective thoracic aorta repair using selective cerebral perfusion.
11  postnasal drip
(14 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
B-HR (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
1995 Are asthma-like symptoms due to bronchial or extrathoracic airway dysfunction?
12  permanent neonatal diabetes
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
INS (5 times)
GCK (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2004 Permanent neonatal diabetes due to mutations in KCNJ11 encoding Kir6.2: patient characteristics and initial response to sulfonylurea therapy.
13  pyronaridine
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
MDR (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
CQ (3 times)
1990 Experimental studies on combinations of pyronaridine/primaquine versus chloroquine/primaquine.
14  percentage of nonoverlapping data
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
PEM (4 times)
IRD (2 times)
NAP (2 times)
1998 Summarizing single-subject research. Issues and applications.
15  perinatal death
(8 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
ENND (2 times)
PMR (2 times)
SB (2 times)
2006 Audit of perinatal deaths in a tertiary level hospital in Latvia (1995-1999) using the Nordic-Baltic perinatal death classification: evidence of suboptimal care.
16  planned neck dissection
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
CCRT (3 times)
cCR (2 times)
CR (2 times)
2007 [Planned neck dissection after weekly docetaxel and concurrent radiotherapy for advanced oropharyngeal cancer].
17  permanent neurological deficit
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CI (2 times)
MHCA (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2010 Incidence and prediction of permanent neurological deficits after cardiac surgery - are the existing models of prediction truly global?
18  postnatal d
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BPA (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
AVPV (1 time)
2009 Dietary soy protein isolate attenuates metabolic syndrome in rats via effects on PPAR, LXR, and SREBP signaling.
19  postnatal development
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HALO (3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2005 Postnatal changes in the expression of p60c-Src in mouse testes.
20  prenatal genetic diagnosis
(7 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
PGD (4 times)
IVF (3 times)
SCD (3 times)
1998 Attitude of potential users in Sicily towards preimplantation genetic diagnosis for beta-thalassaemia and aneuploidies.
21  Programmed nuclear death
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
AIF (1 time)
AO (1 time)
APH (1 time)
2005 A possible role of mitochondria in the apoptotic-like programmed nuclear death of Tetrahymena thermophila.
22  polarized neutron diffraction
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ARM (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2007 Neutron diffraction and theoretical DFT studies of two dimensional molecular-based magnet K2[Mn(H2O)2]3[Mo(CN)7]2.6H2O.
23  pro-natriodilatin
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
ANP (2 times)
A12M2 (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
1985 The gene for rat atrial natriuretic factor.
24  panaxydol
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
BDNF (2 times)
NGF (2 times)
NTFs (2 times)
2006 Protective effect of panaxydol and panaxynol on sodium nitroprusside-induced apoptosis in cortical neurons.
25  Perioperative neurocognitive disorders
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BBB (2 times)
BCSFB (1 time)
BMDMs (1 time)
2018 Interleukin-6 is both necessary and sufficient to produce perioperative neurocognitive disorder in mice.
26  Prophylactic neck dissection
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
cN0 (2 times)
CT (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2010 The surgical strategy and the molecular analysis of patients with parathyroid cancer.
27  paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HF (2 times)
ADHF (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
2005 Sleep symptoms and clinical markers of illness in patients with heart failure.
28  Pincer nail deformity
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
SE NiTi (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2001 A new surgical therapeutic approach to pincer nail deformity.
29  Positions on Nursing Diagnosis
(4 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
PDE (1 time)
2006 [Adaptation and validation of the "Positions on Nursing Diagnosis" tool to Portuguese language].
30  powder neutron diffraction
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
TEM (2 times)
XAS (2 times)
IT-SOFCs (1 time)
2012 Magnetic and structural studies of the multifunctional material SrFe(0.75)Mo(0.25)O(3-delta).
31  Progression of neurological deficit
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
baPWV (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
1997 Occupational therapy for patients with chronic diseases: CVA, rheumatoid arthritis and progressive diseases of the central nervous system.
32  pronephric duct
(4 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CNC (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CGAM (1 time)
1988 A molecular marker for cell guidance information in the axolotl embryo.
33  partial nitrification and denitrification
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AOB (2 times)
NOB (2 times)
AOA (1 time)
2010 Partial nitrification/denitrification can be attributed to the slow response of nitrite oxidizing bacteria to periodic anoxic disturbances.
34  pelvic-node dissection
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GI (1 time)
PLN (1 time)
RAH (1 time)
1986 Complications of combined radical hysterectomy and pelvic radiation.
35  Pendimethalin
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
CT-DNA (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2016 Fresh water fish, Channa punctatus, as a model for pendimethalin genotoxicity testing: A new approach toward aquatic environmental contaminants.
36  peripheral nerve damage
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CNSD (1 time)
1995 Preliminary study of an increase of a plasma apolipoprotein E variant associated with peripheral nerve damage. A finding in patients with chronic spinal pain.
37  peripheral nerve dysfunction
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
HAM/TSP (1 time)
HTLV-I (1 time)
VPT (1 time)
1993 Peripheral nerve lesions in HTLV-I associated myelopathy (HAM/TSP).
38  phonological neighborhood density
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
AoA (1 time)
PWP (1 time)
WF (1 time)
2010 Density pervades: an analysis of phonological neighbourhood density effects in aphasic speakers with different types of naming impairment.
39  polyneuropathy disability
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
FAP (2 times)
CAA (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2015 Rapid progression of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy: a multinational natural history study.
40  Post-nasal drip
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2006 [Chronic cough: practical aspects].
41  posterior nodal distance
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IR (1 time)
RGCs (1 time)
1988 Peak density and distribution of ganglion cells in the retinae of microchiropteran bats: implications for visual acuity.
42  postnasal drainage
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
AIM (1 time)
EER (1 time)
PPIs (1 time)
2000 The aspiration-irrigation maneuver.
43  programmed nuclear destruction
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
--- 2012 Developmentally programmed nuclear destruction during yeast gametogenesis.
44  paraneoplastic disorder
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PNMA (2 times)
2016 Distinct functional domains of PNMA5 mediate protein-protein interaction, nuclear localization, and apoptosis signaling in human cancer cells.
45  pathologic spontaneous nipple discharge
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MD (2 times)
IA (1 time)
NAF (1 time)
2005 Breast cancer detection using mammary ductoscopy.
46  Percent Normalized Difference
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 1997 Effect of vibrations with two different amplitudes on the ECG.
47  perioperative neurologic deficit
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CPGs (1 time)
2010 Postoperative neurological deficit after carotid endarterectomy: a mid-term outcome analysis.
48  peripheral neuropathy disease
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DCC (1 time)
2007 Validation of amyloid-beta peptides in CSF diagnosis of neurodegenerative dementias.
49  permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
--- 2008 Familial permanent neonatal diabetes with KCNJ11 mutation and the response to glyburide therapy--a three-year follow-up.
50  phrenic nerve damage
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1993 Phrenic nerve damage via a right thoracotomy in older children with secundum ASD.
51  phrenic nerve dysfunction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
ICU LOS (1 time)
2001 Is phrenic nerve dysfunction after cardiac surgery related to internal mammary harvesting?
52  phrenic nerve-diaphragm model
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
TLC (2 times)
MBC (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2014 Vellozia flavicans Mart. ex Schult. hydroalcoholic extract inhibits the neuromuscular blockade induced by Bothrops jararacussu venom.
53  Phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BthTX-I (1 time)
Cdt (1 time)
HBE (1 time)
2001 Neutralization of the pharmacological effects of bothropstoxin-I from Bothrops jararacussu (jararacucu) venom by crotoxin antiserum and heparin.
54  pilonidal disease
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BGFMCF (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2016 Bilateral gluteal advancement flap for treatment of recurrent sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease: A prospective cohort study.
55  pinacidil
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HDL (2 times)
NFD (2 times)
DOC (1 time)
1985 [Pharmacological studies on pinacidil, a new anti-hypertensive agent. 1. Antihypertensive effects in SHR and DOC/saline hypertensive rats].
56  post natal-days
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
OT (1 time)
2011 Adolescent oxytocin exposure causes persistent reductions in anxiety and alcohol consumption and enhances sociability in rats.
57  postnasal drip syndrome
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BHR (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
1997 The role of the methacholine inhalation challenge in adult patients presenting with chronic cough.
58  postponed neonatal deaths
(2 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
--- 1988 Factors differentiating postponed neonatal death from survival in low birth weight infants.
59  predominantly nondopaminergic
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
2014 Importance of nondopaminergic features in evaluating disease severity of Parkinson disease.
60  prehospital neurological deterioration
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2008 Prehospital neurologic deterioration in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.
61  5-9-postnatal-day-old
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DY (1 time)
FB (1 time)
NY (1 time)
1987 Intrinsically directed pruning as a mechanism regulating the elimination of transient collateral pathways.
62  age-postnatal day
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CPFE (1 time)
Pre (1 time)
2015 Using the context preexposure facilitation effect to study long-term context memory in preweanling, juvenile, adolescent, and adult rats.
63  nerve-phrenic diaphragm preparations
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EPPs (1 time)
MEPPs (1 time)
PLA2 (1 time)
2016 Ultrastructural aspects of mouse nerve-muscle preparation exposed to Bothrops jararacussu and Bothrops bilineatus venoms and their toxins BthTX-I and Bbil-TX: Unknown myotoxic effects.
64  pain, numbness and groin discomfort
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ITT (1 time)
TIMELI (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2014 Post-operative benefits of Tisseel()/Tissucol () for mesh fixation in patients undergoing Lichtenstein inguinal hernia repair: secondary results from the TIMELI trial.
65  partial nitrification followed by denitrification
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
IASBR (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2014 Nitrogen removal from slaughterhouse wastewater through partial nitrification followed by denitrification in intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactors at 11 degreeC.
66  partial node dissection
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CIT (1 time)
DBH/BCG (1 time)
DFI (1 time)
1987 Adjuvant chemoimmunotherapy after regional lymphadenectomy for malignant melanoma.
67  particle number density
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASTM (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2005 Impacts of biodiesel on pollutant emissions of a JP-8-fueled turbine engine.
68  particle number size distribution
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NPF (1 time)
PNCs (1 time)
SMPS (1 time)
2017 Characterization of particle number size distribution and new particle formation in Southern China.
69  pathologic ND
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
ND (1 time)
PNML (1 time)
2014 Use of ductoscopy as an additional diagnostic method and its applications in nipple discharge.
70  pectoral-nipple distance
(1 time)
Breast Neoplasms
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
MLO (1 time)
2014 Breast Positioning during Mammography: Mistakes to be Avoided.
71  Pedestrian Network Data
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2015 Techniques for Updating Pedestrian Network Data Including Facilities and Obstructions Information for Transportation of Vulnerable People.
72  Pediatric neurotransmitter disease
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Pediatric neurotransmitter disease in Japan].
73  Pegboard Test nondominant hand
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
HDS (1 time)
HVLT-R (1 time)
2004 Initial validation of a screening battery for the detection of HIV-associated cognitive impairment.
74  pelvic nerve denervation
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
POD (1 time)
2017 [Establishment of pelvic nerve denervation modal in mice].
75  peptide gene
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Investigation of the human ANP gene in type 1 diabetic nephropathy: case-control and follow-up studies.
76  percent nucleotide divergence
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MuV (1 time)
2016 Complete genome sequence of mumps viruses isolated from patients with parotitis, pancreatitis and encephalitis in India.
77  perceptive nerve deafness
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ICS (1 time)
ID (1 time)
1998 [Iodine deficiency and perceptive nerve deafness].
78  percutaneous abdominal needle decompression
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
etCO2 (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2017 Anesthetic considerations for patients with esophageal achalasia undergoing peroral endoscopic myotomy: a retrospective case series review.
79  percutaneous nephrostomy drainage
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Urinary tract obstruction and nephrostomy drainage in pelvic malignant disease.
80  Percutaneous nucleotomy and drainage
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
AIF (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2014 Clinical outcome of percutaneous drainage for spondylodiscitis.
81  perinidal dip
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
2009 Territorial and microvascular perfusion impairment in brain arteriovenous malformations.
82  Peripheral Neurological Disorders
(1 time)
Hospitals
(1 time)
--- 1983 Diagnosis of misdiagnosis: on some of the origins and functions of psychophysical misdiagnosis.
83  Peripheral neuropathy in diabetes
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ICGA (1 time)
Tmax (1 time)
2014 Quantitative evaluation of microvascular dysfunction in peripheral neuropathy with diabetes by indocyanine green angiography.
84  peripheral neutron dose
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2017 Peripheral equivalent neutron dose model implementation for radiotherapy patients.
85  Periprocedural neurological deficits
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2009 Association of periprocedural neurological deficit in carotid stenting with increased anticardiolipin antibodies.
86  periprostatic nerve distribution
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
VL (1 time)
2009 Nerve quantification and computerized planimetry to evaluate periprostatic nerve distribution-does size matter?
87  permanent ND
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
TND (1 time)
2014 Neonatal Diabetes in a Singapore Children's Hospital: Molecular Diagnoses of Four Cases.
88  persistent neurologic disease
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
dpi (1 time)
LP (1 time)
MDV (1 time)
1999 Four distinct neurologic syndromes in Marek's disease: effect of viral strain and pathotype.
89  persistently non-diabetic
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
--- 2015 Presence of anti-GAD in a non-diabetic population of adults; time dynamics and clinical influence: results from the HUNT study.
90  Personal Neutron Dosemeter
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LANL (1 time)
LANSCE (1 time)
UCL (1 time)
2007 High-energy response of passive dosemeters in use at LANL.
91  personal noise dosimetry
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EEIND (1 time)
REIND (1 time)
RFID (1 time)
2010 Field evaluation of measuring indoor noise exposure in workplace with task-based active RFID technology.
92  phonological neighbors to a word
(1 time)
Language
(1 time)
--- 2016 The (in)dependence of articulation and lexical planning during isolated word production.
93  physiological neuronal death
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1986 Identification of cells undergoing physiological neuronal death in the neonatal rat brain by the Fink-Heimer method.
94  plant nitrogen duration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MRT (1 time)
NP (1 time)
NUE (1 time)
2011 Nitrogen use efficiency revisited.
95  PNIPAM-b-PDMAEA
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DLS (1 time)
LCST (1 time)
PNIPAM-b-PDMAEA (1 time)
2012 Nanopatterned Protein Films Directed by Ionic Complexation with Water-Soluble Diblock Copolymers.
96  polymer nanodot
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CNPs (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2017 Synergistic Enhancement of Electron-Accepting and -Donating Ability of Nonconjugated Polymer Nanodot in Micellar Environment.
97  polynutrient deficient
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
FRCs (1 time)
WN (1 time)
2013 The malnutrition-related increase in early visceralization of Leishmania donovani is associated with a reduced number of lymph node phagocytes and altered conduit system flow.
98  ponicidin
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ACV (1 time)
GCV (1 time)
HSV-TK (1 time)
2002 Contribution of a combination of ponicidin and acyclovir/ganciclovir to the antitumor efficacy of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene therapy system.
99  Poor ND
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BSID-III (1 time)
CGMH (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2016 Serum Lactate, Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Outcome of Neonatal Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy after Therapeutic Hypothermia.
100  pore number distribution
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ISEC (1 time)
PNM (1 time)
PPM (1 time)
2007 Pore structural characterization of monolithic silica columns by inverse size-exclusion chromatography.