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Abbreviation: PNL
Appearance Frequency: 620 time(s)
Long forms: 73

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
percutaneous nephrolithotomy
(404 times)
Urology
(261 times)
ESWL (47 times)
SWL (29 times)
RIRS (28 times)
1984 Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: one stage or two?
pure neural leprosy
(26 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AFB (11 times)
FNAC (5 times)
PCR (5 times)
2003 Criteria for diagnosis of pure neural leprosy.
pectin lyase
(22 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
Ctv (4 times)
PG (4 times)
MC (2 times)
1985 recA is required in the induction of pectin lyase and carotovoricin in Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora.
polymorphonuclear leukocytes
(21 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
IR (2 times)
LSAB (2 times)
AFO (1 time)
1983 [Phagocytosis of bacteria by polymorphonuclear leukocytes suspended in liquid or adhering to a surface].
peanut lectin
(17 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
Con A (4 times)
SBL (2 times)
ABs (1 time)
1978 In vitro maturation of immature thymocytes into immunocompetent T cells in the absence of direct thymic influence.
preneoplastic lesions
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
HCC (2 times)
RH (2 times)
ROL (2 times)
1998 Beta-carotene reduces the ductular (oval) cell reaction in the liver of Wistar rats submitted to the resistant hepatocyte model of carcinogenesis.
partial sciatic nerve ligation
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CCI (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
eIPSCs (1 time)
2002 Substance P release in the spinal dorsal horn following peripheral nerve injury.
prednisolone
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BET (2 times)
BUD (2 times)
CyA (2 times)
1987 Paediatric cadaveric renal transplantation. Initial experience with a triple therapy immunosuppressive regimen.
primary neuritic leprosy
(7 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
AFB (1 time)
1998 Histological studies in primary neuritic leprosy: changes in the nasal mucosa.
10  posterior nipple line
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CC (2 times)
FFDM (2 times)
MLO (2 times)
2014 Low energy mammogram obtained in contrast-enhanced digital mammography (CEDM) is comparable to routine full-field digital mammography (FFDM).
11  prenylamine
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ADM (2 times)
ERP (1 time)
ISP (1 time)
1979 Prenylamine. Autoradiographic and neuropathological studies on myocardial mechanisms of action.
12  Pacific Northwest Laboratory
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CWRU (1 time)
IAEA (1 time)
LET (1 time)
1989 Improved counting efficiencies for measuring 239Pu in the lung in the sitting position.
13  Panax notoginseng leaves
(3 times)
Panax
(2 times)
--- 2018 Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the saponins in Panax notoginseng leaves using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV detector.
14  Pro-NanoLiposphere
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CBD (2 times)
THC (2 times)
2017 The effect of Pro NanoLipospheres (PNL) formulation containing natural absorption enhancers on the oral bioavailability of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) in a rat model.
15  progressive N limitation
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
--- 2006 Potential nitrogen constraints on soil carbon sequestration under low and elevated atmospheric CO2.
16  progressive nitrogen limitation
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NPP (2 times)
2006 Nitrogen uptake, distribution, turnover, and efficiency of use in a CO2-enriched sweetgum forest.
17  pallido-nigro-luysian
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ALS (2 times)
p-TDP-43 (1 time)
PNLD (1 time)
2018 Pathological and immunoblot analysis of phosphorylated TDP-43 in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with pallido-nigro-luysian degeneration.
18  partial nerve ligation
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
nAChR (1 time)
PMD (1 time)
2005 Alpha-conotoxin Vc1.1 alleviates neuropathic pain and accelerates functional recovery of injured neurones.
19  perforating necrobiosis lipoidica
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
2005 Epidermoid carcinoma and perforating necrobiosis lipoidica: a rare association.
20  periodic nonlinearity
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
HWPs (1 time)
QWPs (1 time)
TDO (1 time)
2014 Heterodyne displacement interferometer, insensitive for input polarization.
21  phrenic nerve latency
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AWD (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
CIPM (1 time)
2011 Diaphragm electromyogram in infants with abdominal wall defects and congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
22  polynuclear leukocyte
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1984 [Interaction between the polymorphonuclear leukocyte system and bacterial agents].
23  prenalterol
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1981 Clinical results with prenalterol in patients with heart failure.
24  Pacific Northwest Lab
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
cst (1 time)
GBS (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2018 Whole Genome Sequencing and Multiplex qPCR Methods to Identify Campylobacter jejuni Encoding cst-II or cst-III Sialyltransferase.
25  paired noncancerous liver
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
NL (1 time)
2003 [Correlation of NDRG1 gene with liver tissue differentiation and hepatocarcinogenesis].
26  pancreatic lipase
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ChE (1 time)
PRLE (1 time)
2001 The stability of methacrylate biomaterials when enzyme challenged: kinetic and systematic evaluations.
27  Paranasal sinus lymphoma
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
DLBL (1 time)
NHL (1 time)
2018 Late Central Nervous System Relapse in a Patient with Maxillary Sinus Lymphoma.
28  Parental nutrition literacy
(1 time)
--- 2018 Preliminary Investigation of a Mobile Nutrition Literacy Website for Parents and Young Children.
29  partial ligation of the infraorbital nerve
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
OXT (1 time)
TG (1 time)
V1A-R (1 time)
2017 Oxytocin alleviates orofacial mechanical hypersensitivity associated with infraorbital nerve injury through vasopressin-1A receptors of the rat trigeminal ganglia.
30  partial null lens
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ASSI (1 time)
NASSI (1 time)
ROR (1 time)
2014 Non-null annular subaperture stitching interferometry for steep aspheric measurement.
31  patients who have been treated withpercutaneous nephrolithotomy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
RIRS (1 time)
2017 A Comparison of Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for Management of Renal Stones ?2 CM.
32  peanut agglutinin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1977 Rapid purification of peanut agglutinin by sialic acid-less fetuin-sepharose column.
33  peanut lectin binding
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CGGT (1 time)
GCA (1 time)
GCM (1 time)
1983 Oral granular cell lesions. An immunohistochemical study with emphasis on intermediate-sized filaments proteins.
34  peanut nodule lectin
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1994 A Peanut Nodule Lectin in Infected Cells and in Vacuoles and the Extracellular Matrix of Nodule Parenchyma.
35  pectoral nipple line
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ACR BI-RADS (1 time)
mAs (1 time)
2017 Mammography before and after bariatric surgery.
36  Pencillium notatum lipase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CLEAs (1 time)
GLA (1 time)
2016 Cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs) of Pencilluim notatum lipase enzyme with improved activity, stability and reusability characteristics.
37  Penicillium notatum
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SiP (1 time)
SiP-lipase (1 time)
2017 Improved catalytic properties of Penicillium notatum lipase immobilized in nanoscale silicone polymeric films.
38  perioperative nurse liaison
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2016 Evaluating Enhancements to a Perioperative Nurse Liaison Program.
39  peripheral nerve lesion
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Prevalence and distribution of peripheral nerve injuries in victims of Bam earthquake.
40  Photocatalytic nanosheet lithography
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Photocatalytic Nanosheet Lithography: Photolithography based on Organically Modified Photoactive 2D Nanosheets.
41  pineal gland
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
AVT (1 time)
EB (1 time)
1992 Embryonic differentiation of sexual dimorphism in vasotocin and mesotocin levels in chickens.
42  PK-NBS-LRR
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CNL (1 time)
NBS (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2012 A primary survey on bryophyte species reveals two novel classes of nucleotide-binding site (NBS) genes.
43  planned nonlinear periodized
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
MBT (1 time)
NP (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2009 Comparison between different off-season resistance training programs in Division III American college football players.
44  platelet-neutrophil-lymphocyte
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
OSCC (1 time)
2019 Preoperative circulating platelet, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts predict survival in oral cancer.
45  PN in LB-EPS
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CPAM (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2019 Effect of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) conditioned by combined lysozyme and cationic polyacrylamide on the dewatering performance of activated sludge.
46  pneumolabyrinth
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
PNC (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
2020 Enhanced Otolith Function Despite Severe Labyrinthine Damage in a Case of Pneumolabyrinth and Pneumocephalus Due to Otogenic Meningitis Associated With Superior Canal Dehiscence.
47  polio network laboratory
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2017 [Study on the immunization status and its influencing factors among workers from the polio network laboratories in China].
48  polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocyte
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1975 Cerebrospinal fluid in cerebral hemorrhage and infarction.
49  polymorphonuclear neutrophils
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
BS (1 time)
GC-MC (1 time)
2011 [Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and systemic inflammatory reaction in hepatic cirrhosis patients].
50  Population Nutrient Level
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANR (1 time)
INL (1 time)
2014 A statistical method to base nutrient recommendations on meta-analysis of intake and health-related status biomarkers.
51  posterior nipple line criteria
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Mammography image quality: model for predicting compliance with posterior nipple line criterion.
52  postnatal liver
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
2003 Profiling of genes differentially expressed between fetal liver and postnatal liver using high-density oligonucleotide DNA array.
53  postnonlinear
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2005 A 3-d surface reconstruction approach based on postnonlinear ICA model.
54  postoperative maximum number of leukocytes
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
eCCA (1 time)
iCCA (1 time)
2019 The postoperative peak number of leukocytes after hepatectomy is a significant prognostic factor for cholangiocarcinoma.
55  pre-neoplastic
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AFB (1 time)
LC (1 time)
NL (1 time)
2014 Biomarkers for screening of lung cancer and pre-neoplastic lesions in a high risk Chilean population.
56  pregnancy-no lactation
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
IVGTT (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1990 Repeated pregnancy without lactation: effects on maternal glycemic control, pregnancy outcome, carcass composition, and fat distribution in rats.
57  pregnant nonlactating
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
HRV (1 time)
PL (1 time)
RMSSD (1 time)
2015 Heart rate and heart rate variability in pregnant dairy cows and their fetuses determined by fetomaternal electrocardiography.
58  pregnant not in labour
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
PL (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2002 Expression of mRNA transcripts for ATP-sensitive potassium channels in human myometrium.
59  preoperative needle localization
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
VACNB (1 time)
2010 Freehand MRI-guided preoperative needle localization of breast lesions after MRI-guided vacuum-assisted core needle biopsy without marker placement.
60  preterm not in labor
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2013 Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha expression changes in human pregnant myometrium.
61  primary nasopharyngeal lymphoma
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MR (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2012 Differential diagnosis of primary nasopharyngeal lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma focusing on CT, MRI, and PET/CT.
62  pro-nano lipospheres
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Lipospheres and pro-nano lipospheres for delivery of poorly water soluble compounds.
63  probability of nonlinearity
(1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
NEPTUNE (1 time)
2020 Estimated GFR Trajectories in Pediatric and Adult Nephrotic Syndrome: Results From the Nephrotic Syndrome Study Network (NEPTUNE).
64  Proneural-like
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2012 A simplified approach for the molecular classification of glioblastomas.
65  propranolol
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
ESIF (1 time)
LHA (1 time)
1991 Noradrenergic neurons modulate lateral hypothalamic chemical and electrical stimulation-induced feeding by sated rats.
66  propranolol hydrochloride
(1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PN-films-80 (1 time)
2018 Buccal administration of mucoadhesive blend films saturated with propranolol loaded nanoparticles.
67  pseudo-neutral loss scan
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ISCID (1 time)
NCE (1 time)
2018 Direct screening of malonylginsenosides from nine Ginseng extracts by an untargeted profiling strategy incorporating in-source collision-induced dissociation, mass tag, and neutral loss scan on a hybrid linear ion-trap/Orbitrap mass spectrometer coupled to ultra-high performance liquid chromatography.
68  pudendal nerve ligation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
LPPs (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
OAB (1 time)
2008 Association of overactive bladder and stress urinary incontinence in rats with pudendal nerve ligation injury.
69  pulmonary nodular lesions
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Computer-Aided Detection of Pulmonary Nodules in Computed Tomography Using ClearReadCT.
70  pure neural
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
BT (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2011 Childhood leprosy in a tertiary-care hospital in Delhi, India: a reappraisal in the post-elimination era.
71  pure neuritic form of leprosy
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
PB (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of real-time and conventional PCR targeting complex 85 genes for detection of Mycobacterium leprae DNA in skin biopsy samples from patients diagnosed with leprosy.
72  Pure neuritic variety of leprosy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of polymerase chain reaction in nerve biopsy specimens of patients with Hansen's disease.
73  purely non-invasive lesions
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CEIN (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
2015 Molecular classification of non-invasive breast lesions for personalised therapy and chemoprevention.