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Abbreviation: PNP
Appearance Frequency: 2593 time(s)
Long forms: 224

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
p-nitrophenol
(810 times)
Environmental Health
(221 times)
pNPP (33 times)
PAP (32 times)
MP (25 times)
1975 Liver microsomal beta-glucuronidase and UDP-glucuronyltransferase.
purine nucleoside phosphorylase
(673 times)
Biochemistry
(174 times)
ADA (133 times)
HGPRT (25 times)
dGuo (24 times)
1976 Characterization of a cell culture model for the study of adenosine deaminase- and purine nucleoside phosphorylase-deficient immunologic disease.
Paraneoplastic pemphigus
(208 times)
Dermatology
(104 times)
PV (22 times)
CD (16 times)
PF (14 times)
1994 Immunohistopathological study of autoimmune pemphigus. Lack of strictly specific histological and indirect immunofluorescence criteria for paraneoplastic pemphigus.
peripheral neuropathic pain
(125 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
PD (7 times)
NPRS (6 times)
CNS (5 times)
1990 Peripheral neuropathies in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a multicenter prevalence study.
polyneuropathy
(113 times)
Neurology
(59 times)
NCS (10 times)
PD (8 times)
CIDP (5 times)
1978 [Electromyographic and electroneurographic findings in bronchial carcinoma].
Poisson-Nernst-Planck
(95 times)
Chemistry
(41 times)
NS (5 times)
ICEO (4 times)
MD (4 times)
1993 Charges, currents, and potentials in ionic channels of one conformation.
phrenic nerve palsy
(48 times)
Cardiology
(30 times)
PVI (19 times)
AF (17 times)
CB (10 times)
1988 Plication of the diaphragm for infants and young children with phrenic nerve palsy.
pediatric nurse practitioner
(44 times)
Nursing
(29 times)
APN (2 times)
NP (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1972 A comparison between the pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP) and the pediatric resident in an out-patient department: a pilot study.
pyridoxine 5'-phosphate
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
PLP (33 times)
PMP (18 times)
PN (10 times)
1984 Linkage of subunit interactions, structural changes, and energetics of coenzyme binding in tryptophan synthase.
10  polymer-nanoparticle
(34 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
PEG-b-PLA (2 times)
RBD (2 times)
ALG (1 time)
2009 Synthesis and In vitro activity of ROMP-based polymer nanoparticles.
11  peak negative pressure
(20 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
MB (3 times)
pFUS (3 times)
US (3 times)
2005 Comparison of oxygen reservoir tube length and imposed work of breathing with the universal portable anesthesia complete.
12  pooled normal plasma
(19 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
LA (4 times)
APC (3 times)
APS (3 times)
1994 Homozygous factor V-deficient patients show resistance to activated protein C whereas heterozygotes do not.
13  posterior neuropore
(19 times)
Anatomy
(9 times)
ct (4 times)
NTD (3 times)
NTDs (2 times)
1982 Neural tube development in mutant (curly tail) and normal mouse embryos: the timing of posterior neuropore closure in vivo and in vitro.
14  pneumoperitoneum
(17 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
PEEP (5 times)
IAP (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
2000 Mechanisms of systemic hypertension during acute elevation of intraabdominal pressure.
15  platelet neutralization procedure
(15 times)
Pathology
(7 times)
APTT (9 times)
LA (9 times)
DRVVT (8 times)
1983 Laboratory diagnosis of lupus inhibitors: a comparison of the tissue thromboplastin inhibition procedure with a new platelet neutralization procedure.
16  principal network projection
(13 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
DTI (4 times)
PPINs (4 times)
DNN (3 times)
2016 Genetic-and-Epigenetic Interspecies Networks for Cross-Talk Mechanisms in Human Macrophages and Dendritic Cells during MTB Infection.
17  p-nitrophenol hydroxylase
(9 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
EROD (7 times)
PROD (4 times)
MROD (3 times)
1993 Effects of D-limonene on hepatic microsomal monooxygenase activity and paracetamol-induced glutathione depletion in mouse.
18  polystyrene nanoparticles
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
RAECM (3 times)
AEC (1 time)
BLM (1 time)
2007 Nanoparticle effects on rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayer barrier properties.
19  Proliferative and necrotizing pneumonia
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
PCV2 (5 times)
PRRSV (4 times)
SIV (4 times)
1991 Ontario. Proliferative and necrotizing pneumonia (PNP) of swine: the Ontario situation.
20  peer navigator program
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ANCOVAs (1 time)
CRCD (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2013 Cancer resource center of the desert patient navigator program: removing financial barriers to access to cancer care for rural Latinos.
21  phrenic nerve paralysis
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AF (2 times)
CB (2 times)
DP (2 times)
1978 Clinical implications of postoperative unilateral phrenic nerve paralysis.
22  plant natriuretic peptide
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ANP (3 times)
ABA (1 time)
AtPNP-A (1 time)
1997 Isolation and immunoaffinity purification of biologically active plant natriuretic peptide.
23  Panax notoginseng powder
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
CLP (1 time)
CQDs (1 time)
2015 A rapid method for chemical fingerprint analysis of Pan Panax notoginseng powders by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
24  PLGA nanoparticles
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
apoA-I (1 time)
AT (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2006 Preparation of insulin loaded PLGA-Hp55 nanoparticles for oral delivery.
25  propolis nanoparticles
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
aPDT (1 time)
BLS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2017 Structural analysis of the interaction between free, glycated and fructated hemoglobin with propolis nanoparticles: A spectroscopic study.
26  p-nitrophenylphosphate
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
beta-GP (1 time)
diss (1 time)
MLCP (1 time)
1974 A biochemical and cytochemical study of adenosine triphosphatase activity in the phloem of Nicotiana tabacum.
27  peripheral nonperfusion
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BCVA (2 times)
RVO (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2018 Extension of peripheral nonperfusion in eyes with retinal vein occlusion during intravitreal dexamethasone treatment.
28  peroneal nerve palsy
(3 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
CPN (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
PND (1 time)
2010 The level of fibula osteotomy and incidence of peroneal nerve palsy in proximal tibial osteotomy.
29  persistent neck pain
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OR (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Do physical activity level and body mass index predict recovery from persistent neck pain in men and women of working age? A population-based cohort study.
30  pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
SP (1 time)
2008 Pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia in Utah: does serotype matter?
31  Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CRC (1 time)
1997 Permeation through the calcium release channel of cardiac muscle.
32  positive-negative-positive
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
VEPs (2 times)
CO (1 time)
ERGs (1 time)
1984 Subdurally recorded pattern and luminance EPs in the alert rhesus monkey.
33  programmed nebulizing gas pressure
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CE-ESI-MS (2 times)
CZE-ESI-MS (1 time)
LLE (1 time)
2011 Programmed nebulizing gas pressure for efficient and stable capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry analysis of anionic compounds in positive separation mode.
34  Pan-London Network for psychosis prevention
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CHR-P (1 time)
NEIS (1 time)
OASIS (1 time)
2019 Pan-London Network for Psychosis-Prevention (PNP).
35  parnaparin
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
LMWH (2 times)
PAI-1 and TSP-1 (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2011 Protective role of parnaparin in reducing systemic inflammation and atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE-/- mice.
36  persistent negative potential
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SD (2 times)
CO (1 time)
dMCA (1 time)
1998 [The persistent negative potential provoked in different structures of the rat brain by a single wave of spreading cortical depression].
37  Pholiota nameko polysaccharide
(2 times)
--- 2021 Chemical properties and anti-fatigue effect of polysaccharide from Pholiota nameko.
38  phosphonioalkylidyne complex
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CH3 (1 time)
2020 Tebbe-like and Phosphonioalkylidene and -alkylidyne Complexes of Scandium.
39  phyllanthus niruri protein
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
ER stress (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
2014 Amelioration of aspirin induced oxidative impairment and apoptotic cell death by a novel antioxidant protein molecule isolated from the herb Phyllanthus niruri.
40  pine needle powder
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(2 times)
WSC (1 time)
2015 Comparative Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties of Pine Needle Powders Prepared by Different Drying Methods.
41  Planck-Nernst-Poisson
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
NS (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2018 Dual-Gated Transistor Platform for On-Site Detection of Lead Ions at Trace Levels.
42  platinum nano particles
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PVP (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2009 Electrocatalytic activity of salicylic acid on the platinum nanoparticles modified electrode by electrochemical deposition.
43  PN palsy
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
PN (2 times)
PVI (2 times)
2011 Collateral nervous damages after cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation.
44  polyamide network polymers
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HB-PA (1 time)
MO (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2013 Design and fabrication of a new class of nano hybrid materials based on reactive polymeric molecular cages.
45  Polyneuropathies
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
HRUS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2005 [Chronic relapsing axonal neuropathy. A case report].
46  posterior neck pain
(2 times)
Pain
(1 time)
NDI (2 times)
AO (1 time)
CDD (1 time)
2014 Effectiveness of intra-articular steroid injection for atlanto-occipital joint pain.
47  postnodal piece
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Acetylcholinesterase differentiation during myogenesis in early chick embryonic cells caused by an inducer RNA.
48  precise/not precise
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Precise/not precise (PNP): A Brunswikian model that uses judgment error distributions to identify cognitive processes.
49  prepared from alpha-hydrogen abstraction of the corresponding alkylidene-alkyl species
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2005 Intermolecular C-H bond activation promoted by a titanium alkylidyne.
50  Prevention Plan
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
LEA (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2019 [Development of a conceptual model for interpretation of monitoring indicators of cancer screenings from the Italian National Prevention Plan].
51  progressive supranuclear palsy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MSA (1 time)
2020 [Parkinsonism-associated speech disorders].
52  prolonged negative potential
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
--- 1992 Evidence that action potentials activate an internodal potassium conductance in lizard myelinated axons.
53  protruded nucleus pulposus
(2 times)
Bone and Bones
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
LDP (1 time)
2002 [Clinical significance on protruded nucleus pulposus: a comparative study of 44 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion and 73 asymptomatic control in tridimentional computed tomography].
54  proximal neurovascular plate
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PNB (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
ANPs (1 time)
2006 Anatomy of autonomic nerve component in the male pelvis: the new concept from a perspective for robotic nerve sparing radical prostatectomy.
55  public-private non-government
(2 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
PPP (2 times)
PWP (2 times)
TB (2 times)
2006 Financing and cost-effectiveness analysis of public-private partnerships: provision of tuberculosis treatment in South Africa.
56  purine nucleoside phosphorylase-encoding cDNA sequences
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
RACE (1 time)
TK (1 time)
1992 Isolation and expression of a murine purine nucleoside phosphorylase-encoding cDNA and sequence similarity with the human message.
57  1-phenyl-3-(2-naphthyl)-2-pyrazoline
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DPH (1 time)
1981 Fluorescence polarization study of human erythrocyte membranes with 1-phenyl-3-(2-naphthyl)-2-pyrazoline as orientational probe.
58  complication-phrenic nerve palsy
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cryoballoon ablation of atrial fibrillation.
59  liquid-phase paranitrophenol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DAY (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
PBAR (1 time)
2008 Paranitrophenol liquid-phase adsorption in dealuminated Y zeolite.
60  low-pressure pneumoperitoneum
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
L-SRS (1 time)
NMB (1 time)
2017 Deep neuromuscular blockade improves surgical conditions during low-pressure pneumoperitoneum laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.
61  N-(2-P(i-Pr)(2)-4-methylphenyl)(2)(-)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Synthesis and characterization of N-[2-P(i-Pr)2-4-methylphenyl]2- (PNP) pincer tin(IV) and tin(II) complexes.
62  nano-propolis particles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2019 Propolis nanoparticles prevent structural changes in human hemoglobin during glycation and fructation.
63  non-phytate-phosphorus
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Pi (1 time)
2001 Dietary phosphorus supply, egg-shell deposition and plasma inorganic phosphorus in laying hens.
64  nucleosides--purine nucleoside phosphorylase
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HGPRT (1 time)
XDH (1 time)
1992 Purine metabolism and B-lymphocyte development in the chicken bursa of fabricius.
65  P is observed when the ferrous amide complex
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 P=N bond formation via incomplete N-atom transfer from a ferrous amide precursor.
66  p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activity
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2007 D2-receptor-linked signaling pathways regulate the expression of hepatic CYP2E1.
67  p-Nitrophenoxide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MAA (1 time)
PPL (1 time)
QDs (1 time)
2012 ZnS quantum dots as pH probes for study of enzyme reaction kinetics.
68  p-nitrophenyl beta-cellopentaoside
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LHRH (1 time)
TRH (1 time)
1997 Ocular membrane permeability of hydrophilic drugs for ocular peptide delivery.
69  p-nitrophenyl palmitate
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LPG (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2016 Long period fiber grating based sensor for the detection of triacylglycerides.
70  p-nitrophenyl-substrates
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NAHase (1 time)
2005 N-acetyl-beta-D-hexosaminidase from Trichomonas vaginalis: substrate specificity and activity of inhibitors.
71  p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
NHE (1 time)
2002 Selective suppression of renal Na+/H+ exchanger isoform-3 by prolonged stimulation of rats with adrenocorticotropic hormone.
72  paediatric neuro-psychiatric
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ENT (1 time)
NERD (1 time)
OM (1 time)
2022 Dysphagia-related mucositis in children undergoing chemotherapy: The COMEDY pattern.
73  pain, no pain
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
2007 Anterior knee pain and thigh muscle strength after intramedullary nailing of a tibial shaft fracture: an 8-year follow-up of 28 consecutive cases.
74  pain, predominantly related to polyneuropathy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
2016 [Clinical characteristics of pain syndrome in patients with multiple myeloma].
75  Palenque National Park
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Demographic population structure of black howler monkeys in fragmented and continuous forest in Chiapas, Mexico: Implications for conservation.
76  papers postulated that large-fiber neuropathy
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
2019 Large-Fiber Neuropathy in Parkinson's Disease: Clinical, Biological, and Electroneurographic Assessment of a Romanian Cohort.
77  Papikonda National park
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Deciphering forest change: Linking satellite-based forest cover change and community perceptions in a threatened landscape in India.
78  paralyzed neuron percentage
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
SCAWI (1 time)
1992 Statistically controlled activation weight initialization (SCAWI).
79  parameningeal-nonparameningeal region
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
MFS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PPs (1 time)
2020 Surgical treatment of pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma in the parameningeal-nonparameningeal region.
80  parameter norm penalties
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FNN (1 time)
LTSM (1 time)
RNN (1 time)
2019 Transfer learning for neural network model in chlorophyll-a dynamics prediction.
81  Paraneoplastic pemphigus patients
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
Dsg3 (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2008 Detection of anti-envoplakin and anti-periplakin autoantibodies by ELISA in patients with paraneoplastic pemphigus.
82  Paraneoplastic polyneuropathy
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2011 Endometrial carcinoma presenting as vasculitic sensorimotor polyneuropathy.
83  paranormal phenomena
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2013 Experiences of possession and paranormal phenomena among women in the general population: are they related to traumatic stress and dissociation?
84  Parc National des Pyrenees
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2021 Risk of Anticoagulant Rodenticide Exposure for Mammals and Birds in Parc National des Pyrenees, France.
85  particle-in-particle
(1 time)
PLGA-PEG (1 time)
2022 Lipid-Polymer Hybrid "Particle-in-Particle" Nanostructure Gene Delivery Platform Explored for Lyophilizable DNA and mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines.
86  partner notification program
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1998 Cost-effectiveness analysis of partner notification program for human immunodeficiency virus infection in Japan.
87  partnership
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DOT (1 time)
NGO (1 time)
PWP (1 time)
2006 Quality of tuberculosis care provided in different models of public-private partnerships in South Africa.
88  Party-n-Play
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CDA (1 time)
2019 Pleasure and HIV biomedical discourse: The structuring of sexual and drug-related risks for gay and bisexual men who Party-n-Play.
89  passive non-participants
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
2018 Strong association between cervical and breast cancer screening behaviour among Danish women; A register-based cohort study.
90  Patient Night Pain
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
mRSS (1 time)
PDP (1 time)
PGDA (1 time)
2016 Early- and late-stage morphea subtypes with deep tissue involvement is treatable with Abatacept (Orencia).
91  peanut peroxidase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HRPC (1 time)
1997 Crystal structure of horseradish peroxidase C at 2.15 A resolution.
92  pediatric NP
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2011 Reaching new heights: development of the emergency department nurse practitioner fellowship program.
93  PEG-NMAB-PLA
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
PDDs (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2019 NIR-Responsive Copolymer Upconversion Nanocomposites for Triggered Drug Release in Vitro and in Vivo.
94  pen-and-paper
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
MEQ (1 time)
2006 Computer-based versus pen-and-paper testing: students' perception.
95  peptide functionalized nanoparticles
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
--- 2017 Fusion peptide functionalized hybrid nanoparticles for synergistic drug delivery to reverse cancer drug resistance.
96  Percent of Normal Precipitation
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AUs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
RAI (1 time)
2019 Development of an annual drought classification system based on drought severity indexes.
97  percentage of normal power
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EGG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
FIC (1 time)
2008 Gastric motility measurement and evaluation of functional dyspepsia by a bio-impedance method.
98  percentages of non-protamines
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1990 Electrophoretic patterns of spermatozoal nucleoproteins (NP) in fertile men and infertility patients and comparison with NP of somatic cells.
99  percutaneous needle punctures
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
PNT (1 time)
1988 Technique, indications, and complications of percutaneous needle puncture.
100  percutaneous nephropyelostomies
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 1983 [Complications of percutaneous nephropyelostomy with special reference to the sonographic real-time puncture technic].