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Abbreviation: PNP
Appearance Frequency: 1910 time(s)
Long forms: 176

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
purine nucleoside phosphorylase
(629 times)
Biochemistry
(163 times)
ADA (130 times)
dGuo (24 times)
HGPRT (24 times)
1976 Characterization of a cell culture model for the study of adenosine deaminase- and purine nucleoside phosphorylase-deficient immunologic disease.
p-nitrophenol
(458 times)
Environmental Health
(134 times)
MP (17 times)
pNPP (16 times)
PAP (15 times)
1975 Postnatal stimulation of hepatic microsomal enzymes following administration of TCDD to pregnant rats.
Paraneoplastic pemphigus
(167 times)
Dermatology
(97 times)
PV (19 times)
Dsg (13 times)
PF (13 times)
1994 Immunohistopathological study of autoimmune pemphigus. Lack of strictly specific histological and indirect immunofluorescence criteria for paraneoplastic pemphigus.
polyneuropathy
(85 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
NCS (6 times)
NCV (5 times)
PD (5 times)
1978 [Electromyographic and electroneurographic findings in bronchial carcinoma].
Poisson-Nernst-Planck
(72 times)
Chemistry
(30 times)
PB (4 times)
ICEO (3 times)
MD (3 times)
1993 Charges, currents, and potentials in ionic channels of one conformation.
peripheral neuropathy
(48 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CIPN (3 times)
COPD (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1990 Peripheral neuropathies in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a multicenter prevalence study.
peripheral neuropathic pain
(45 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
NPRS (6 times)
VAS (4 times)
DRG (3 times)
1997 A critical review of controlled clinical trials for peripheral neuropathic pain and complex regional pain syndromes.
pediatric nurse practitioner
(36 times)
Pediatrics
(25 times)
APN (2 times)
AACN (1 time)
AAP (1 time)
1972 A comparison between the pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP) and the pediatric resident in an out-patient department: a pilot study.
phrenic nerve palsy
(34 times)
Cardiology
(23 times)
PVI (13 times)
AF (10 times)
CB (8 times)
1988 Plication of the diaphragm for infants and young children with phrenic nerve palsy.
10  pyridoxine 5'-phosphate
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
PLP (23 times)
PMP (15 times)
PN (8 times)
1984 Linkage of subunit interactions, structural changes, and energetics of coenzyme binding in tryptophan synthase.
11  posterior neuropore
(17 times)
Anatomy
(9 times)
ct (4 times)
NTD (3 times)
RA (2 times)
1982 Neural tube development in mutant (curly tail) and normal mouse embryos: the timing of posterior neuropore closure in vivo and in vitro.
12  pooled normal plasma
(15 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
LA (4 times)
APC (3 times)
APS (3 times)
1994 Homozygous factor V-deficient patients show resistance to activated protein C whereas heterozygotes do not.
13  platelet neutralization procedure
(14 times)
Pathology
(7 times)
APTT (9 times)
LA (9 times)
DRVVT (7 times)
1983 Laboratory diagnosis of lupus inhibitors: a comparison of the tissue thromboplastin inhibition procedure with a new platelet neutralization procedure.
14  pneumoperitoneum
(13 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
PEEP (4 times)
IAP (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
2000 Mechanisms of systemic hypertension during acute elevation of intraabdominal pressure.
15  polymer nanoparticle
(13 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
ANN (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
Chol-PNPs (1 time)
2009 Synthesis and In vitro activity of ROMP-based polymer nanoparticles.
16  peak negative pressure
(10 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
MB (3 times)
US (3 times)
pDNA (2 times)
2005 Comparison of oxygen reservoir tube length and imposed work of breathing with the universal portable anesthesia complete.
17  p-nitrophenol hydroxylase
(9 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
EROD (7 times)
PROD (4 times)
MROD (3 times)
1993 Effects of D-limonene on hepatic microsomal monooxygenase activity and paracetamol-induced glutathione depletion in mouse.
18  Proliferative and necrotizing pneumonia
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
PCV2 (5 times)
PRRSV (4 times)
SIV (4 times)
1991 Ontario. Proliferative and necrotizing pneumonia (PNP) of swine: the Ontario situation.
19  peer navigator program
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ANCOVAs (1 time)
CRCD (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2013 Cancer resource center of the desert patient navigator program: removing financial barriers to access to cancer care for rural Latinos.
20  phrenic nerve paralysis
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CB (2 times)
DP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1978 Clinical implications of postoperative unilateral phrenic nerve paralysis.
21  polystyrene nanoparticles
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
RAECM (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
BLM (1 time)
2007 Nanoparticle effects on rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayer barrier properties.
22  plant natriuretic peptide
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ANP (3 times)
TMT (1 time)
1997 Isolation and immunoaffinity purification of biologically active plant natriuretic peptide.
23  Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CRC (1 time)
1997 Permeation through the calcium release channel of cardiac muscle.
24  positive-negative-positive
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
VEPs (2 times)
CO (1 time)
ERGs (1 time)
1984 Subdurally recorded pattern and luminance EPs in the alert rhesus monkey.
25  principal network projection
(3 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
PPINs (2 times)
CDI (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2016 Genetic-and-Epigenetic Interspecies Networks for Cross-Talk Mechanisms in Human Macrophages and Dendritic Cells during MTB Infection.
26  programmed nebulizing gas pressure
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CE-ESI-MS (2 times)
CZE-ESI-MS (1 time)
LLE (1 time)
2011 Programmed nebulizing gas pressure for efficient and stable capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry analysis of anionic compounds in positive separation mode.
27  parnaparin
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
LMWH (2 times)
PAI-1 and TSP-1 (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2011 Protective role of parnaparin in reducing systemic inflammation and atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE-/- mice.
28  persistent neck pain
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OR (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Do physical activity level and body mass index predict recovery from persistent neck pain in men and women of working age? A population-based cohort study.
29  persistent negative potential
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SD (2 times)
CO (1 time)
dMCA (1 time)
1998 [The persistent negative potential provoked in different structures of the rat brain by a single wave of spreading cortical depression].
30  phyllanthus niruri protein
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
ER stress (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
2014 Amelioration of aspirin induced oxidative impairment and apoptotic cell death by a novel antioxidant protein molecule isolated from the herb Phyllanthus niruri.
31  pine needle powder
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(2 times)
WSC (1 time)
2015 Comparative Evaluation of Physicochemical Properties of Pine Needle Powders Prepared by Different Drying Methods.
32  Platinum nanoparticles
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PVP (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2010 Electrocatalytic activity of salicylic acid on the platinum nanoparticles modified electrode by electrochemical deposition.
33  PLGA nanoparticles
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
apoA-I (1 time)
AT (1 time)
DXS (1 time)
2007 Preparation of insulin loaded PLGA-Hp55 nanoparticles for oral delivery.
34  PN palsy
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
PN (2 times)
PVI (2 times)
2012 Collateral nervous damages after cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation.
35  pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
SP (1 time)
2008 Pneumococcal necrotizing pneumonia in Utah: does serotype matter?
36  polyamide network polymers
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HB-PA (1 time)
MO (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2013 Design and fabrication of a new class of nano hybrid materials based on reactive polymeric molecular cages.
37  post-nodal piece
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Acetylcholinesterase differentiation during myogenesis in early chick embryonic cells caused by an inducer RNA.
38  posterior neck pain
(2 times)
Pain
(1 time)
NDI (2 times)
AO (1 time)
CDD (1 time)
2015 Effectiveness of intra-articular steroid injection for atlanto-occipital joint pain.
39  prepared from alpha-hydrogen abstraction of the corresponding alkylidene-alkyl species
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2005 Intermolecular C-H bond activation promoted by a titanium alkylidyne.
40  prolonged negative potential
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
--- 1992 Evidence that action potentials activate an internodal potassium conductance in lizard myelinated axons.
41  protein nanoparticles
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2018 Structural analysis of the interaction between free, glycated and fructated hemoglobin with propolis nanoparticles: A spectroscopic study.
42  protruded nucleus pulposus
(2 times)
Bone and Bones
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
LDP (1 time)
2000 [Clinical significance on protruded nucleus pulposus: a comparative study of 44 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion and 73 asymptomatic control in tridimentional computed tomography].
43  proximal neurovascular plate
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PNB (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
ANPs (1 time)
2006 Anatomy of autonomic nerve component in the male pelvis: the new concept from a perspective for robotic nerve sparing radical prostatectomy.
44  public-private non-government
(2 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
PPP (2 times)
PWP (2 times)
TB (2 times)
2006 Financing and cost-effectiveness analysis of public-private partnerships: provision of tuberculosis treatment in South Africa.
45  purine nucleoside phosphorylase-encoding cDNA sequences
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
RACE (1 time)
TK (1 time)
1992 Isolation and expression of a murine purine nucleoside phosphorylase-encoding cDNA and sequence similarity with the human message.
46  1-phenyl-3-(2-naphthyl)-2-pyrazoline
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DPH (1 time)
1981 Fluorescence polarization study of human erythrocyte membranes with 1-phenyl-3-(2-naphthyl)-2-pyrazoline as orientational probe.
47  complication-phrenic nerve palsy
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cryoballoon ablation of atrial fibrillation.
48  liquid-phase paranitrophenol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DAY (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
PBAR (1 time)
2009 Paranitrophenol liquid-phase adsorption in dealuminated Y zeolite.
49  low-pressure pneumoperitoneum
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
L-SRS (1 time)
NMB (1 time)
2018 Deep neuromuscular blockade improves surgical conditions during low-pressure pneumoperitoneum laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.
50  N-(2-P(i-Pr)(2)-4-methylphenyl)(2)(-)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Synthesis and characterization of N-[2-P(i-Pr)2-4-methylphenyl]2- (PNP) pincer tin(IV) and tin(II) complexes.
51  non-phytate-phosphorus
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Pi (1 time)
2001 Dietary phosphorus supply, egg-shell deposition and plasma inorganic phosphorus in laying hens.
52  nucleosides--purine nucleoside phosphorylase
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HGPRT (1 time)
XDH (1 time)
1992 Purine metabolism and B-lymphocyte development in the chicken bursa of fabricius.
53  P is observed when the ferrous amide complex
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 P=N bond formation via incomplete N-atom transfer from a ferrous amide precursor.
54  p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activity
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2008 D2-receptor-linked signaling pathways regulate the expression of hepatic CYP2E1.
55  p-Nitrophenoxide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MAA (1 time)
PPL (1 time)
QDs (1 time)
2012 ZnS quantum dots as pH probes for study of enzyme reaction kinetics.
56  p-nitrophenyl beta-cellopentaoside
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LHRH (1 time)
TRH (1 time)
1997 Ocular membrane permeability of hydrophilic drugs for ocular peptide delivery.
57  p-nitrophenyl palmitate
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
LPG (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2016 Long period fiber grating based sensor for the detection of triacylglycerides.
58  p-nitrophenyl-substrates
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NAHase (1 time)
2005 N-acetyl-beta-D-hexosaminidase from Trichomonas vaginalis: substrate specificity and activity of inhibitors.
59  p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
NHE (1 time)
2001 Selective suppression of renal Na+/H+ exchanger isoform-3 by prolonged stimulation of rats with adrenocorticotropic hormone.
60  pain, no pain
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
2007 Anterior knee pain and thigh muscle strength after intramedullary nailing of a tibial shaft fracture: an 8-year follow-up of 28 consecutive cases.
61  pain, predominantly related to polyneuropathy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
2016 [Clinical characteristics of pain syndrome in patients with multiple myeloma].
62  Panax notoginseng powder
(1 time)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
ESI (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
Q-TOFMS (1 time)
2015 A rapid method for chemical fingerprint analysis of Pan Panax notoginseng powders by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
63  Papikonda National park
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Deciphering forest change: Linking satellite-based forest cover change and community perceptions in a threatened landscape in India.
64  paralyzed neuron percentage
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
SCAWI (1 time)
1992 Statistically controlled activation weight initialization (SCAWI).
65  Paraneoplastic pemphigus patients
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
Dsg3 (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2009 Detection of anti-envoplakin and anti-periplakin autoantibodies by ELISA in patients with paraneoplastic pemphigus.
66  Paraneoplastic polyneuropathy
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2011 Endometrial carcinoma presenting as vasculitic sensorimotor polyneuropathy.
67  paranormal phenomena
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2014 Experiences of possession and paranormal phenomena among women in the general population: are they related to traumatic stress and dissociation?
68  partner notification program
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1998 Cost-effectiveness analysis of partner notification program for human immunodeficiency virus infection in Japan.
69  partnership
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DOT (1 time)
NGO (1 time)
PWP (1 time)
2006 Quality of tuberculosis care provided in different models of public-private partnerships in South Africa.
70  passive non-participants
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
2018 Strong association between cervical and breast cancer screening behaviour among Danish women; A register-based cohort study.
71  Patient Night Pain
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
mRSS (1 time)
PDP (1 time)
PGDA (1 time)
2017 Early- and late-stage morphea subtypes with deep tissue involvement is treatable with Abatacept (Orencia).
72  peanut peroxidase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HRPC (1 time)
1997 Crystal structure of horseradish peroxidase C at 2.15 A resolution.
73  pediatric NP
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2012 Reaching new heights: development of the emergency department nurse practitioner fellowship program.
74  pen-and-paper
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
MEQ (1 time)
2006 Computer-based versus pen-and-paper testing: students' perception.
75  percentage of normal power
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EGG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
FIC (1 time)
2008 Gastric motility measurement and evaluation of functional dyspepsia by a bio-impedance method.
76  percentages of non-protamines
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1990 Electrophoretic patterns of spermatozoal nucleoproteins (NP) in fertile men and infertility patients and comparison with NP of somatic cells.
77  percutaneous needle punctures
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
PNT (1 time)
1988 Technique, indications, and complications of percutaneous needle puncture.
78  percutaneous nephropyelostomies
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 1983 [Complications of percutaneous nephropyelostomy with special reference to the sonographic real-time puncture technic].
79  perinecrotic palisading
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HIF-1 (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
1997 Up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in a rat glioma is conferred by two distinct hypoxia-driven mechanisms.
80  perinephric pseudocyst
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2008 Unilateral improvement in glomerular filtration rate after permanent drainage of a perinephric pseudocyst in a cat.
81  perineuropilar tracheal plexus
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Tracheal development in the Drosophila brain is constrained by glial cells.
82  peripancreatic nerve plexus
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LVD (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2012 Analysis of tumor-induced lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic vessel invasion of pancreatic carcinoma in the peripheral nerve plexus.
83  Peripheral nonperfusion
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
RVO (1 time)
2018 Extension of peripheral nonperfusion in eyes with retinal vein occlusion during intravitreal dexamethasone treatment.
84  peripheral sensory neuropathy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DLTs (1 time)
MTD (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2010 Phase I study of the novel, fully synthetic epothilone sagopilone (ZK-EPO) in patients with solid tumors.
85  peritoneal cell sample
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SAA (1 time)
1984 Peritoneal neutrophilia: a potential indicator of the surgical acute abdomen.
86  permalloy nanoparticle
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
EMI (1 time)
Ms (1 time)
SWNT (1 time)
2015 High-Strength Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube/Permalloy Nanoparticle/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Multifunctional Nanocomposite Fiber.
87  peroneal nerve palsy
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
--- 2010 The level of fibula osteotomy and incidence of peroneal nerve palsy in proximal tibial osteotomy.
88  persistent neuropathic pain
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
2015 Predictors of Persistent Neuropathic Pain--A Systematic Review.
89  Personal Nutrition Planner
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2011 The Personal Nutrition Planner: a 5-week, computer-tailored intervention for women.
90  phenylpiperazines
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BAT (1 time)
BZP (1 time)
LC-HRMS (1 time)
2015 Biochip array technology immunoassay performance and quantitative confirmation of designer piperazines for urine workplace drug testing.
91  phosphine-coligand
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
cRGD (1 time)
2007 Comparison of in vitro and in vivo properties of [99mTc]cRGD peptides labeled using different novel Tc-cores.
92  phosphinidene salt derivative
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Phosphinidene complexes of scandium: powerful PAr group-transfer vehicles to organic and inorganic substrates.
93  phospholipid neutralization procedures
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
APTT (1 time)
DRVVT (1 time)
KCT (1 time)
1990 Comparison of test methods for the lupus anticoagulant: international survey on lupus anticoagulants-I (ISLA-1).
94  phosphorus ylide, when combined with the alkylidene complex
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 A new and selective cycle for dehydrogenation of linear and cyclic alkanes under mild conditions using a base metal.
95  phrenic nerve pacemaker
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
TDI (1 time)
VT (1 time)
1999 Prevention of human diaphragm atrophy with short periods of electrical stimulation.
96  Picturing New Possibilities
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
WLH (1 time)
2013 Taking pictures to take control: Photovoice as a tool to facilitate empowerment among poor and racial/ethnic minority women with HIV.
97  pincer bis(ortho-phosphinoaryl)amine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Facile oxidative addition of N-C and N-H bonds to monovalent rhodium and iridium.
98  pincer-supported Fe complexes of the type
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Flexible binding of PNP pincer ligands to monomeric iron complexes.
99  Pine needle polysaccharide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2018 Chemical composition, antioxidant activities of polysaccharide from Pine needle (Pinus massoniana) and hypolipidemic effect in high-fat diet-induced mice.
100  piperazinium 4-nitro phenolate monhydrate single crystal
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2015 Synthesis, Growth and Spectroscopic Studies of Piperazinium Paranitrophenolate Monohydrate Crystals.