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Abbreviation: PNR
Appearance Frequency: 204 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
potential nitrification rate
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
AOB (14 times)
AOA (11 times)
T-RFLP (4 times)
2001 Potential nitrification rate as a tool for screening toxicity in metal-contaminated soils.
proximal negative response
(17 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
ERG (5 times)
OPs (3 times)
CE (1 time)
1972 Proximal negative response in the pigeon retina.
photoreceptor-specific nuclear receptor
(15 times)
Science
(3 times)
RP (3 times)
ESCS (2 times)
MBs (2 times)
1999 Identification of a photoreceptor cell-specific nuclear receptor.
primary non-response
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (4 times)
anti-TNF (2 times)
2011 Factors predicting the efficacy of adefovir dipivoxil on treatment-naive chronic hepatitis B patients at 48 weeks.
pulse-to-noise ratio
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
EMG (3 times)
MU (3 times)
HDEMG (2 times)
2002 Fast phase-contrast velocity measurement in the steady state.
pentanucleotide repeat
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PCR (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
apo (1 time)
1995 A pentanucleotide repeat polymorphism in the 5' control region of the apolipoprotein(a) gene is associated with lipoprotein(a) plasma concentrations in Caucasians.
polarized neutron reflectometry
(8 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
FM (3 times)
AF (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
2006 Training effect in an exchange bias system: the role of interfacial domain walls.
poly(neutral red)
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
GOx (2 times)
AlcOx (1 time)
APTOS (1 time)
2007 Design and application of a flow cell for carbon-film based electrochemical enzyme biosensors.
Prague normotensive rat
(7 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
PHR (5 times)
SBP (4 times)
BP (1 time)
1990 Kinetics of red cell Na+ and K+ transport in Prague hypertensive rats.
10  peripheral nerve regeneration
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NGCs (2 times)
SCs (2 times)
cGEL (1 time)
1997 Peripheral nerve regeneration through silicone chambers in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats.
11  photon-number-resolving
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ADs (1 time)
APD (1 time)
QKD (1 time)
2011 Time-dependent photon number discrimination of InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode single-photon detector.
12  point of no return
(6 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
2005 "Point of no return (PNR)" in progressive IgA nephropathy: significance of blood pressure and proteinuria management up to PNR.
13  platelet-to-neutrophil ratio
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PLR (3 times)
NLR (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2017 Modified Complete Blood Count Indices as Predicting Markers of Preeclampsia from Gestational Hypertension: Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio, Platelet to Lymphocyte Ratio, and.
14  podocin:nephrin mRNA ratio
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
ESKD (1 time)
hDTR (1 time)
2012 Urine podocin:nephrin mRNA ratio (PNR) as a podocyte stress biomarker.
15  polar nanoregions
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BSZT (1 time)
Pr (1 time)
PZN-0.07PT (1 time)
2010 Interpretation of T(m) and T* in relaxor ferroelectric 0.93Pb(Zn₁/₃Nb₂/₃)O₃-0.07PbTiO₃.
16  purine-rich negative regulatory
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MHC (2 times)
alpha-MHC (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
1998 Tissue-restricted expression of the cardiac alpha-myosin heavy chain gene is controlled by a downstream repressor element containing a palindrome of two ets-binding sites.
17  putative neurotransmitter receptor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AKAP18 (1 time)
EST (1 time)
1998 Cloning of a putative human neurotransmitter receptor expressed in skeletal muscle and brain.
18  palatonasal recess
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CBCT (2 times)
BSR (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2013 Palatonasal recess on medial wall of the maxillary sinus and clinical implications for sinus augmentation via lateral window approach.
19  PANNIER
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
AP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2008 Drosophila LIM-only is a positive regulator of transcription during thoracic bristle development.
20  partial nitritation reactor
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IC (2 times)
AHS (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
2008 Landfill leachate treatment with a novel process: anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) combined with soil infiltration system.
21  passenger name record
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Biometrics, e-identity, and the balance between security and privacy: case study of the passenger name record (PNR) system.
22  passive normobaric recovery
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EEIMD (2 times)
CF (1 time)
IHH (1 time)
2017 Intermittent hypobaric hypoxia combined with aerobic exercise improves muscle morphofunctional recovery after eccentric exercise to exhaustion in trained rats.
23  pentanucleotide repeat region
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 A proximal tissue-specific module and a distal negative regulatory module control apolipoprotein(a) gene transcription.
24  perceived normal resonance
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
PHR (2 times)
VOT (1 time)
2015 Consonant accuracy in Mandarin-speaking children with repaired cleft palate.
25  perennial nonallergic rhinitis
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
PAR (1 time)
1989 Perennial nonallergic rhinitis: a retrospective review.
26  Pseudomonas nitrite reductase
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
1999 Induction of interleukin 8 (IL-8) production by Pseudomonas nitrite reductase in human alveolar macrophages and epithelial cells.
27  Panax notoginseng root
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
IFN (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2017 Protective Effect of Panax notoginseng Root Water Extract against Influenza A Virus Infection by Enhancing Antiviral Interferon-Mediated Immune Responses and Natural Killer Cell Activity.
28  passive negative resistance
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
IoT (1 time)
ISRR (1 time)
MOSFET (1 time)
2018 A Quadrature Single Side-Band Mixer with Passive Negative Resistance in Software-Defined Frequency Synthesizer.
29  patient nonresponders
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2010 Using an automated recruitment process to generate an unbiased study sample of multiple sclerosis patients.
30  patient to bedside nurse ratios
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
APN (1 time)
2014 Characters of physician and nurse staffing in Thai intensive care units (ICU-Resource I study).
31  patient-nurse ratio
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
NW (1 time)
PICU (1 time)
TISS (1 time)
2015 An Updated Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System for Critically Ill Children Enables Nursing Workload Assessment With Insight Into Potential Untoward Events.
32  pelvic nerve resections
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
HGN (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
1997 Urinary bladder response to hypogastric nerve stimulation after bilateral resection of the pelvic nerve or spinal cord injury in rats.
33  pen needle reimbursement
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
LH (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Lipohypertrophy in China: Prevalence, Risk Factors, Insulin Consumption, and Clinical Impact.
34  pendimethalin nitroreductase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2016 Pendimethalin Nitroreductase Is Responsible for the Initial Pendimethalin Degradation Step in Bacillus subtilis Y3.
35  pentanucleotide TTTTA(n) repeat
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 Lipoprotein(a), atherosclerosis, and apolipoprotein(a) gene polymorphism.
36  peptide nanoring
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MO (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2008 Chelation of transition metal ions by peptide nanoring.
37  Percentage Net Response
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SET (1 time)
2010 Assessment criteria for using the sea-urchin embryo test with sediment elutriates as a tool to classify the ecotoxicological status of marine water bodies.
38  percentage of neuronal response
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
PMRA (1 time)
PMRR (1 time)
PNIA (1 time)
2003 Neuroprotective effect of deprenyl in sensory neurons of axotomized dorsal root ganglion.
39  perfusion/nerve fibre ratio
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HRF (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2003 Blood flow per unit retinal nerve fibre tissue volume is lower in the human inferior retina.
40  perinatal risk
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
CNSI (1 time)
CVE (1 time)
2017 The long-term prognosis of epilepsy patients with medically treated over a period of eight years in Turkey.
41  peripheral nerve rewiring
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CNI (1 time)
MMN (1 time)
2017 Electrophysiological evidence for pre-attention information processing improvement in patients with central hemiplegic after peripheral nerve rewiring: a pilot study.
42  peroneal nerve release
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SFI (1 time)
SSEP (1 time)
TTR (1 time)
2007 Effect of early nerve release on the progression of neuropathy in diabetic rats.
43  Personal Norm of Reciprocity
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2011 The Personal Norm of Reciprocity among mental health service users: conceptual development and measurement.
44  pharmacological non-responders
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
LE (1 time)
ME (1 time)
1992 Analysis of proenkephalin A, proopiomelanocortin and protachykinin neuropeptides in human lumbar cerebrospinal fluid by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, radioimmunoassay and enzymolysis.
45  pharyngeal narrowing ratio
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
OSA (1 time)
PSG (1 time)
2009 CT comparison of primary snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: role of pharyngeal narrowing ratio and soft palate-tongue contact in awake patient.
46  phenyl neutral red
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
7-meGua (1 time)
Gua (1 time)
MNU (1 time)
1996 The design of agents to control DNA methylation adducts. Enhanced major groove methylation of DNA by an N-methyl-N-nitrosourea functionalized phenyl neutral red intercalator.
47  photon number resolved
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PDC (1 time)
2014 Photon number squeezing in repeated parametric downconversion with ancillary photon-number measurements.
48  photoreceptor-specific NR
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NR (1 time)
2014 Minireview: role of orphan nuclear receptors in cancer and potential as drug targets.
49  PHR to its normotensive counterpart
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ECE (1 time)
ET (1 time)
PHR (1 time)
1999 The renal endothelin system in the Prague hypertensive rat, a new model of spontaneous hypertension.
50  Pioneer
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ARUP (1 time)
DPB (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2018 Relationship between protein molecular structural makeup and metabolizable protein supply to dairy cattle from new cool-season forage corn cultivars.
51  placebo nonresponders
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
2007 Botulinum toxin type a prophylactic treatment of episodic migraine: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled exploratory study.
52  Platelet nitrate responsiveness
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2003 Inhibition of platelet aggregation by nitric oxide donors improves with rest.
53  pneumorrhachis
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2015 Traumatic pneumorrhachis: 2 cases and review of the literature.
54  podocin:nephrin mRNA expression ratio
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
NCP (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2017 Post-partum podocyturia following pre-eclamptic pregnancy.
55  poor necrosis response
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of treatment response and tissue necrosis as prognostic indicators following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancer patients.
56  porous nanorod
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
g-CN (1 time)
2018 Vertically Aligned Porous Organic Semiconductor Nanorod Array Photoanodes for Efficient Charge Utilization.
57  posterior nuclear region
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
TR (1 time)
1988 Ultrastructure of spermatozoa of the lung fluke, Paragonimus ohirai (Trematoda: Troglotrematidae), in the seminal receptacle.
58  postoperative narcotic requirement
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2018 Cryoanalgesia in Patients Undergoing Nuss Repair of Pectus Excavatum: Technique Modification and Early Results.
59  postrotatory nystagmus response
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ABP (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
1989 Cellular target of streptomycin in the internal ear.
60  pregnancy
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
NB (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2014 Histometric evaluation of dental alveolar repair in malnourished rats in the intrauterine or postnatal phase.
61  presumptive neural retina
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
FOV (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
PRPE (1 time)
2012 [Apoptosis and differentiation in presumptive neural retina and presumptive retinal pigmented epithelium during early eye development in toad, Bufo raddei Strauch].
62  previously unreported, fatal disease, 'peripheral neuropathy and retinopathy
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GAV (1 time)
2003 Fatal, virus-associated peripheral neuropathy and retinopathy in farmed Penaeus monodon in eastern Australia. I. Pathology.
63  primary ASA-nonresponder
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
PR (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
1991 Effects of acetylsalicylic acid in stroke patients. Evidence of nonresponders in a subpopulation of treated patients.
64  Primary Nitrate Response
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2014 The primary nitrate response: a multifaceted signalling pathway.
65  processes--potential nitrification rate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MRR (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
2004 Soil properties affecting toxicity of zinc to soil microbial properties in laboratory-spiked and field-contaminated soils.
66  program for residue surveillance
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 A histologic study on growth promoter target organs of slaughtered beef in Molise Region (Italy).
67  progressive relaxation
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Electrophysiological alterations during hypnosis for ego-enhancement: a preliminary investigation.
68  proper name retrieval
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SLC (1 time)
WFD (1 time)
2012 How subjective are subjective language complaints.
69  Prophylactic neck radiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
DMFS (1 time)
HNMM (1 time)
2018 Efficacy and safety of primary surgery with postoperative radiotherapy in head and neck mucosal melanoma: a single-arm Phase II study.
70  psychobiological nutritional rehabilitation
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
TNR (1 time)
1999 Empowerment of women with purging-type bulimia nervosa through nutritional rehabilitation.
71  purified by culturing it on anthracene amended mineral media
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
OD (1 time)
2018 Anthracene biodegradation capacity of newly isolated rhizospheric bacteria Bacillus cereus S13.