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Abbreviation: PNs
Appearance Frequency: 770 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
projection neurons
(206 times)
Neurology
(83 times)
AL (51 times)
ORNs (40 times)
LNs (32 times)
1989 Physiology and morphology of projection neurons in the antennal lobe of the male moth Manduca sexta.
practice nurses
(98 times)
Primary Health Care
(34 times)
GPs (48 times)
BMI (4 times)
PMs (4 times)
1996 Evaluation of health promotion activities in community nursing practice.
pyramidal neurons
(53 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
INs (5 times)
AP (4 times)
DSI (3 times)
1998 A reduction of nonpyramidal cells in sector CA2 of schizophrenics and manic depressives.
Purkinje neurons
(49 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
CF (3 times)
NPC (3 times)
PF (3 times)
1987 Acute ethanol alters the firing pattern and glutamate response of cerebellar Purkinje neurons in culture.
perineuronal nets
(41 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
WFA (12 times)
ECM (7 times)
CSPG (4 times)
1995 Relationship between astrocytic processes and "perineuronal nets" in rat neocortex.
propriospinal neurones
(35 times)
Brain
(14 times)
LRN (7 times)
TMS (3 times)
CST (2 times)
1981 Integration in descending motor pathways controlling the forelimb in the cat. 7. Effects from the reticular formation on C3-C4 propriospinal neurones.
principal neurons
(32 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
BLA (9 times)
INs (7 times)
NA (6 times)
1997 Vagal afferent innervation of the atria of the rat heart reconstructed with confocal microscopy.
pulmonary nodules
(32 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
CT (5 times)
ENB (4 times)
LDCT (3 times)
2002 Computerized detection of pulmonary nodules by single-exposure dual-energy computed radiography of the chest (part 1).
plexiform neurofibromas
(24 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
NF1 (20 times)
MRI (3 times)
TTP (3 times)
2005 Management of head and neck plexiform neurofibromas in pediatric patients with neurofibromatosis type 1.
10  patient navigators
(18 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
HPV (2 times)
PN (2 times)
BPA (1 time)
2010 A national patient navigator training program.
11  Petri nets
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CIG (1 time)
EDDM (1 time)
FMSs (1 time)
2000 Comparing digraph and Petri net approaches to deadlock avoidance in FMS.
12  peripheral nerves
(10 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TN (2 times)
AI (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
1983 Quantitative studies of the abnormal axon-Schwann cell relationship in the peripheral motor and sensory nerves of the dystrophic mouse.
13  pause neurons
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BNs (2 times)
EBNs (2 times)
IBNs (2 times)
1980 Direct inhibitory projection of pause neurons to nystagmus-related pontomedullary reticular burst neurons in the cat.
14  polymeric nanoparticles
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PTK (2 times)
AEE (1 time)
ATDs (1 time)
2011 Polymeric nanoparticles -targeted drug delivery systems for treatment of CNS disorders and their possible endocrine disrupting activities.
15  primo-nodes
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PVs (12 times)
osPVS (2 times)
RBCs (2 times)
2011 Fine structure of extracellular fibers in primo-nodes and vessels.
16  professional nurses
(7 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
PHC (4 times)
ART (1 time)
CHWs (1 time)
2015 Non-nursing tasks, nursing tasks left undone and job satisfaction among professional nurses in South African hospitals.
17  peripheral neuropathies
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CMAP (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IgM-RDs (1 time)
1993 Peripheral nervous system involvement in a large cohort of human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals.
18  persistent nodules
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
DHEA (2 times)
GGT (2 times)
2-AAF (1 time)
1992 Chemoprevention of rat liver carcinogenesis by S-adenosyl-L-methionine: a long-term study.
19  proliferative nodules
(5 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
CMN (3 times)
CN (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2004 Proliferative nodules in congenital melanocytic nevi: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis.
20  patient notes
(4 times)
Education
(3 times)
SP (2 times)
G-studies (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
1995 Variability in the clinical skills of residents entering training programs in surgery.
21  polynucleotides
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
HA (3 times)
OA (3 times)
PNHA (2 times)
2007 Fluorescent hybridization probes for sensitive and selective DNA and RNA detection.
22  painters
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
MCs (3 times)
CN (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2011 Biological monitoring of blood naphthalene levels as a marker of occupational exposure to PAHs among auto-mechanics and spray painters in Rawalpindi.
23  partial nephrectomies
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
HAs (1 time)
RNs (1 time)
VMD (1 time)
2012 Anatomic renal artery branch microdissection to facilitate zero-ischemia partial nephrectomy.
24  pediatric nephrologists
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EEG (1 time)
GP (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2006 EEG departments in Great Britain: a survey of practice.
25  pen needles
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the effects of a new 32-gauge 4-mm pen needle and a 32-gauge 6-mm pen needle on glycemic control, safety, and patient ratings in Japanese adults with diabetes.
26  petrosal neurones
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CB (2 times)
DIDS (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
1997 Synapse formation and hypoxic signalling in co-cultures of rat petrosal neurones and carotid body type 1 cells.
27  psychiatric nurses
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
GNs (1 time)
MHCUs (1 time)
N-PNs (1 time)
2005 Work stress differentials between psychiatric and general nurses.
28  parenteral nutrition solutions
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
FTE (1 time)
1996 Outsourcing the preparation of parenteral nutrient solutions.
29  particle numbers
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EI (1 time)
GDI (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2008 Characterization of particulate matter and gaseous emissions of a C-130H aircraft.
30  pediatric nurses
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
DNDs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
PEDs (1 time)
2018 Pediatric Nurses' Perception of Support for Families With Children With Congenital Heart Defects.
31  peer navigators
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
SCY (1 time)
2017 Acceptance of peer navigators to reduce barriers to cervical cancer screening and treatment among women with HIV infection in Tanzania.
32  penicillins
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TCs (2 times)
CPs (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
2011 Longer-duration uses of tetracyclines and penicillins in U.S. food-producing animals: Indications and microbiologic effects.
33  petrosal neurons
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
DA (1 time)
HCN (1 time)
2018 Adenosine and dopamine oppositely modulate a hyperpolarization-activated current Ih in chemosensory neurons of the rat carotid body in co-culture.
34  piezoelectric nanomaterials
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
EPCs (1 time)
NEMS (1 time)
2014 Piezoelectric effects and electromechanical theories at the nanoscale.
35  pituitary neoplasms
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2005 [Neuroendoscope-assisted endonasal-transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary neoplasms].
36  polypoid neoplasms
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CIMP (1 time)
CRNs (1 time)
DDT (1 time)
2006 Clinical and histological characteristics of poroid neoplasms: a study of 25 cases in Taiwan.
37  positive lymph nodes
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AJCC (1 time)
eNs (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2015 Early volume variation of positive lymph nodes assessed by in-room mega voltage CT images predicts risk of loco-regional relapses in head and neck cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy.
38  postnatal days
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
1994 Hyperactivity in preweanling rats following postnatal alcohol exposure.
39  prostanoids
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
d-TxB2 (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
1996 Urinary excretion of prostacyclin in a rat model of uteroplacental vasculature occlusion: implications for fetal growth retardation.
40  pudendal nerves
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
ICG (1 time)
PAs (1 time)
2014 Anorectal autotransplantation in a canine model: the first successful report in the short term with the non-laparotomy approach.
41  markers--perineuronal nets
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
VGLUT2 (1 time)
2016 Extracellular Molecular Markers and Soma Size of Inhibitory Neurons: Evidence for Four Subtypes of GABAergic Cells in the Inferior Colliculus.
42  pale neurites
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
alphaS (1 time)
LB (1 time)
LNs (1 time)
2012 Pale neurites, premature alpha-synuclein aggregates with centripetal extension from axon collaterals.
43  Palisade nerve endings
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
LN (1 time)
tSCIs (1 time)
2008 N-cadherin expression in palisade nerve endings of rat vellus hairs.
44  pancreatic neoplasms
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EUS-FNAB (1 time)
ROSE (1 time)
SELs (1 time)
2019 On-site stereomicroscope quality evaluations to estimate whitecore cutoff lengths using EUS-FNA biopsy sampling with22-gauge needles.
45  parents of newborns
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2020 The unique social sense of puerperium: Increased empathy and Schadenfreude in parents of newborns.
46  parish nurses
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2011 Are parish nurses prepared to incorporate the spiritual dimension into practice?
47  partner nations
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
DMCAs (1 time)
2017 The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative: Strengthening National Capacities for All-Hazards Disaster Preparedness.
48  pectoral nerves
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
LPN (1 time)
MPN (1 time)
2012 Surgical anatomy of the pectoral nerves and the pectoral musculature.
49  Peer Neighborhoods
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
2011 Identifying unique neighborhood characteristics to guide health planning for stroke and heart attack: fuzzy cluster and discriminant analyses approaches.
50  perceived norms
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
NMUPD (1 time)
PBC (1 time)
2019 The impact of a theory-based web-intervention on the intention to use prescription drugs for non-medical purposes among college students: a randomized controlled trial.
51  perfluorocarbon nanobubbles
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Development and evaluation of perfluorocarbon nanobubbles for apomorphine delivery.
52  periampullary neoplasms
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FOS (1 time)
2015 Perioperative synbiotics decrease postoperative complications in periampullary neoplasms: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial.
53  pericarpial nectaries
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2009 Ultrastructure and post-floral secretion of the pericarpial nectaries of Erythrina speciosa (Fabaceae).
54  peripheral lymph nodes
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GALTs (1 time)
HEVs (1 time)
1987 Homing receptors on human and rodent lymphocytes--evidence for a conserved carbohydrate-binding specificity.
55  peripheral neuroepitheliomas
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
EESs (1 time)
ESs (1 time)
NSE (1 time)
1991 Atypical primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Comparative light and electron microscopic and immunohistochemical studies on peripheral neuroepitheliomas and Ewing's sarcomas.
56  Peripheral nociceptor neurons
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
oxy-PUFAs (1 time)
2016 Beyond the classic eicosanoids: Peripherally-acting oxygenated metabolites of polyunsaturated fatty acids mediate pain associated with tissue injury and inflammation.
57  peritoneal neutrophils
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
PBN (1 time)
1998 Effect of intraperitoneal immunoglobulin infusion on neutrophil function in CAPD children with and without peritonitis.
58  peroxy nitrates
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ONs (1 time)
TD-CAPS (1 time)
2016 Thermal dissociation cavity attenuated phase shift spectroscopy for continuous measurement of total peroxy and organic nitrates in the clean atmosphere.
59  Persistent liver nodules
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AAF (1 time)
HCCs (1 time)
RH (1 time)
1999 Correlation of c-myc overexpression and amplification with progression of preneoplastic liver lesions to malignancy in the poorly susceptible Wistar rat strain.
60  PET-positive lymphnodes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
2015 Characterization of volume and shape modifications of PET-positive nodes during Tomotherapy for head and neck cancer as assessed by MVCTs.
61  Petri Nets
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2005 Using Petri Net tools to study properties and dynamics of biological systems.
62  PGLA NPs
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DSS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
GPNs (1 time)
2018 Orally targeted galactosylated chitosan poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles loaded with TNF-ɑ siRNA provide a novel strategy for the experimental treatment of ulcerative colitis.
63  phasic neurones
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
APs (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
TNs (1 time)
2006 Dual mechanisms of angiotensin-induced activation of mouse sympathetic neurones.
64  phenalenones
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 Phytoalexin Phenalenone Derivatives Inactivate Mosquito Larvae and Root-knot Nematode as Type-II Photosensitizer.
65  Phospholipid nanoparticles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
DG (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2018 Development of phospholipid nanoparticles encapsulating 3-O-cetyl ascorbic acid and tocopherol acetate (TA-Cassome) for improving their skin accumulation.
66  Phrenic nerves
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
PBs (1 time)
2013 Three-dimensional imaging and mapping of the right and left phrenic nerves: relevance to interventional cardiovascular therapy.
67  Phrenic neuropathies
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BPN (1 time)
UPN (1 time)
2015 Idiopathic phrenic neuropathies: A case series and review of the literature.
68  phthalocyanine nanopillars
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2015 Potential Tuning of Nanoarchitectures Based on Phthalocyanine Nanopillars: Construction of Effective Photocurrent Generation Systems.
69  Pick neurites
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
LTN (1 time)
PBs (1 time)
1998 Pick's disease: cytoskeletal changes in the hypothalamic lateral tuberal nucleus.
70  pilocarpine nitrate solution
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CS (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2011 [Chitosan-coated ophthalmic submicro emulsion for pilocarpine nitrate].
71  plasmodesmatal networks
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
RAMs (1 time)
SAMs (1 time)
2018 Evolution of root apical meristem structures in vascular plants: plasmodesmatal networks.
72  plexiform neurofibroma tumors
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
AYA (1 time)
NF1 (1 time)
2016 Acceptance and commitment therapy in youth with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and chronic pain and their parents: A pilot study of feasibility and preliminary efficacy.
73  Pneu-nets
(1 time)
Robotics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Elementary Slender Soft Robots Inspired by Skeleton Joint System of Animals.
74  polymer networks
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GPE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2019 Gel Polymer Electrolyte with High Li+ Transference Number Enhancing the Cycling Stability of Lithium Anodes.
75  polymeric NPs
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
HNs (1 time)
MSNs (1 time)
2019 Solid nanoparticles for oral antimicrobial drug delivery: a review.
76  polymorphonuclear neutrophils
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
IR (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2018 A 30-Minute Supraceliac Aortic Clamping in the Rat Causes Death Due to an Inflammatory Response and Pulmonary Lesions.
77  polyphenol nanoparticles
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Green Tea Makes Polyphenol Nanoparticles with Radical-Scavenging Activities.
78  polypyrrole nanospheres
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
PCNs (1 time)
2011 Preparation and characterization of PtRu nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped porous carbon for electrooxidation of methanol.
79  pontine nucleus neurons
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CREB (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
NRG-1 (1 time)
2004 Protein processing and releases of neuregulin-1 are regulated in an activity-dependent manner.
80  porous nanospheres
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Size-tunable fabrication of multifunctional Bi2O3 porous nanospheres for photocatalysis, bacteria inactivation and template-synthesis.
81  potentiated by leptin in the connections between pyramidal
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FSNs (1 time)
IC (1 time)
uIPSCs (1 time)
2019 Extracellular glucose-dependent IPSC enhancement by leptin in fast-spiking to pyramidal neuron connections via JAK2-PI3K pathway in the rat insular cortex.
82  practicing neurologists
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PDs (1 time)
1999 Pain medicine education among American neurologists: a need for improvement.
83  precursor nanoparticles
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
LPP (1 time)
PL (1 time)
PLE (1 time)
2014 Luminescence properties of nanosized Y3Al5O12Ce3+ phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor method.
84  premotoneurons
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
c-tDCS (1 time)
MEPs (1 time)
2011 Cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation suppresses ipsilateral projections to presumed propriospinal neurons of the proximal upper limb.
85  primary care nurses
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2020 Tipping the Scales: Factors Influencing the Decision to Report Child Maltreatment in Primary Care.
86  principal cells
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
FSIs (1 time)
LFP (1 time)
2019 Gamma Oscillations in the Basolateral Amygdala: Biophysical Mechanisms and Computational Consequences.
87  print newspapers
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
2016 Craigslist versus print newspaper advertising for recruiting research participants for alcohol studies: Cost and participant characteristics.
88  process networks
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CNs (1 time)
2014 Generating anatomical variation through mutations in networks - implications for evolution.
89  protease nexins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 Interactions of serine proteases with cultured fibroblasts.
90  protein needles
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
HS-AFM (1 time)
MD (1 time)
QCM (1 time)
2020 Dynamic behavior of an artificial protein needle contacting a membrane observed by high-speed atomic force microscopy.
91  proteostasis networks
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
ALPs (1 time)
ER (1 time)
SRPs (1 time)
2018 The Autophagy-Lysosomal Pathways and Their Emerging Roles in Modulating Proteostasis in Tumors.
92  protruding neoplasias
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FDNs (1 time)
pMAPK (1 time)
2006 BRAF mutations and phosphorylation status of mitogen-activated protein kinases in the development of flat and depressed-type colorectal neoplasias.
93  pseudo-pronuclei
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
MII (1 time)
2019 Dissecting the role of the germinal vesicle nuclear envelope and soluble content in the process of somatic cell remodelling and reprogramming.
94  Psychonucleotides
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CPN (1 time)
SPN (1 time)
2008 The new chemistry of mind: a hypothesis.
95  psychosocial needs
(1 time)
--- 2015 Nurses respond to patients' psychosocial needs by dealing, ducking, diverting and deferring: an observational study of a hospice ward.
96  Pt nanoparticles
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GNs (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
PFSA (1 time)
2012 Highly active platinum nanoparticles on graphene nanosheets with a significant improvement in stability and CO tolerance.
97  PTX nanoemulsions
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
HPNs (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2017 Improved Antitumor Efficacy of Hyaluronic Acid-Complexed Paclitaxel Nanoemulsions in Treating Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
98  purine nucleotides
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BAT (1 time)
FFAs (1 time)
UCP3 (1 time)
2018 Inhibition of mitochondrial UCP1 and UCP3 by purine nucleotides and phosphate.
99  Pyridine nucleotides
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
NOXs (1 time)
Trx (1 time)
2012 Regulation of cell survival and death by pyridine nucleotides.