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Abbreviation: PP
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Long forms: 1708

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
pulse pressure
(1514 times)
Vascular Diseases
(561 times)
BP (443 times)
SBP (412 times)
DBP (308 times)
1979 Portal hypertension after bile duct obstruction: effect of bile diversion on portal pressure in the rat.
pancreatic polypeptide
(1327 times)
Gastroenterology
(223 times)
PYY (244 times)
NPY (176 times)
CCK (138 times)
1976 Pancreatic polypeptide in insulinomas, gastrinomas, vipomas, and glucagonomas.
polypropylene
(851 times)
Environmental Health
(165 times)
PE (123 times)
PS (88 times)
PET (81 times)
1976 Subcutaneous implants of polypropylene filaments.
Peyer's patches
(701 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(426 times)
MLN (136 times)
GALT (47 times)
LP (44 times)
1975 Rabbit Peyer's patches, appendix, and popliteal lymph node B lymphocytes: a comparative analysis of their membrane immunoglobulin components and plasma cell precursor potential.
per-protocol
(635 times)
Gastroenterology
(132 times)
ITT (477 times)
CI (64 times)
H. pylori (48 times)
1995 Are ulcer healing and prophylaxis studies appropriately analysed?
postpartum
(454 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(182 times)
a.p (34 times)
BCS (25 times)
NEFA (21 times)
1975 [Histogenesis of the immune system of the "nude" mouse. II. Postnatal development of the thymus: a light microscopical study (author's transl)].
protein phosphatase
(334 times)
Biochemistry
(76 times)
OA (43 times)
AD (25 times)
PKA (15 times)
1988 Ontogeny of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A in developing rat lung.
peak power
(210 times)
Physiology
(123 times)
MP (96 times)
PF (28 times)
PV (21 times)
1985 Maximal power outputs during the Wingate anaerobic test.
primary progressive
(192 times)
Neurology
(135 times)
MS (154 times)
RR (132 times)
SP (131 times)
1995 Correlation between magnetic resonance imaging and clinical parameters in multiple sclerosis.
10  perfusion pressure
(181 times)
Physiology
(49 times)
GFR (27 times)
RVR (18 times)
UF (18 times)
1975 Coronary collateral function in patients without occlusive coronary artery disease.
11  perforant path
(156 times)
Neurology
(64 times)
LTP (59 times)
DG (58 times)
PS (18 times)
1976 [Effect of disconnecting cortical input on the activity of hippocampal neurons].
12  plasmapheresis
(135 times)
Transplantation
(54 times)
IVIG (25 times)
AMR (18 times)
DSA (14 times)
1980 Effect of plasmapheresis (PP), corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide in essential mixed polyclonal cryoglobulinaemia associated with glomerulonephritis.
13  peroxisome proliferator
(102 times)
Toxicology
(36 times)
PPARalpha (23 times)
DEHP (16 times)
PPAR (11 times)
1987 Peroxisome proliferator-binding protein: identification and partial characterization of nafenopin-, clofibric acid-, and ciprofibrate-binding proteins from rat liver.
14  protoporphyrin
(99 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
ALA (15 times)
EPP (15 times)
CP (12 times)
1975 Effect of "drugs for liver disease" on hepatotoxic action of carbon tetrachloride. I. Changes of lysosomal enzyme levels and effect of protoporphyrin on the levels.
15  precocious puberty
(97 times)
Endocrinology
(39 times)
MAS (17 times)
PT (8 times)
GnRH (7 times)
1975 Preliminary report on behavioral (Beh) change in a 2-year-old boy with precocious puberty (PP) following L-DOPA (D) treatment.
16  pneumoperitoneum
(96 times)
General Surgery
(48 times)
IAP (8 times)
CO (7 times)
HR (7 times)
1992 [Monosymptomatic pneumoperitoneum is not an indication for surgery].
17  postprandial
(84 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
TG (14 times)
PA (8 times)
AUC (4 times)
1977 Left atrial pressure and postprandial diuresis in conscious dogs on a high sodium intake.
18  pentose phosphate
(81 times)
Biotechnology
(35 times)
ED (14 times)
EMP (11 times)
TCA (7 times)
1977 The role of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase in Rhizobium.
19  prone position
(76 times)
Critical Care
(26 times)
ARDS (28 times)
SP (16 times)
PEEP (8 times)
1998 Respective and combined effects of prone position and inhaled nitric oxide in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
20  propylparaben
(73 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
MP (48 times)
BP (23 times)
EP (21 times)
1990 Early proliferative responses of forestomach and glandular stomach of rats treated with five different phenolic antioxidants.
21  paliperidone palmitate
(65 times)
Psychopharmacology
(20 times)
PANSS (15 times)
LAI (12 times)
RLAI (7 times)
2010 Paliperidone palmitate, a potential long-acting treatment for patients with schizophrenia. Results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy and safety study.
22  peak pressure
(65 times)
Orthopedics
(18 times)
PTI (22 times)
CA (12 times)
TF (11 times)
1977 Heat production and oxygen consumption of the isolated rabbit heart: their relation to mechanical function.
23  particulate phosphorus
(57 times)
Environmental Health
(57 times)
TP (29 times)
DP (13 times)
SRP (10 times)
2001 Particulate phosphorus and sediment in surface runoff and drainflow from clayey soils.
24  periportal
(53 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
PV (41 times)
PC (9 times)
GST (3 times)
1980 Histochemical acitivity of acid phosphatase in rat liver after perfusion fixation.
25  pyrophosphate
(51 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
TPP (6 times)
HA (5 times)
ATP (4 times)
1954 On the separation of inorganic pyrophosphate (PP) from the phosphoric esters of adenosine; solubilizing action of ATP on the Mn-salts of PP.
26  placenta previa
(48 times)
Obstetrics
(25 times)
CS (11 times)
PA (7 times)
PE (5 times)
1979 Midtrimester placenta previa: normal or pathologic finding.
27  posterior pituitary
(48 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
PVN (12 times)
AP (8 times)
ME (8 times)
1975 Triiodothyronine binding in rat anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary, median eminence and brain.
28  pancreatic pseudocyst
(45 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
EUS (6 times)
CT (5 times)
WON (5 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
29  polyphenols
(43 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
PA (6 times)
DF (4 times)
FS (3 times)
1993 [The effect of natural polyphenol compounds on the oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins].
30  precocious pubarche
(43 times)
Endocrinology
(27 times)
PCOS (13 times)
LBW (9 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
1990 Adrenal steroidogenic function in a black and Hispanic population with precocious pubarche.
31  primary patency
(41 times)
Vascular Diseases
(28 times)
SP (16 times)
CLI (8 times)
HR (8 times)
2001 Survival of prosthetic grafts of different materials after impairment of a native arteriovenous fistula in hemodialysis patients.
32  particulate P
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(38 times)
TP (22 times)
DRP (13 times)
DP (10 times)
2001 Particulate phosphorus transport by sub-surface drainage from agricultural land in the UK. Environmental significance at the catchment and national scale.
33  percent positivity
(37 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
ELISA (6 times)
SI (6 times)
IRS (4 times)
1986 Comparative histological, histochemical, immunohistochemical and biochemical studies on oestrogen receptors, lectin receptors, and Barr bodies in human breast cancer.
34  protein precipitation
(37 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(22 times)
SPE (18 times)
LLE (11 times)
ACN (4 times)
2001 Protein precipitation In Vitro as a measure of chemical-induced cytotoxicity: an EDIT sub-programme.
35  plasma protein
(36 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
PCV (6 times)
Hct (5 times)
RBC (4 times)
1978 Plasma volume changes with movement to supine and standing positions.
36  porous polyethylene
(36 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
HA (11 times)
bFGF (3 times)
HIV-1 (3 times)
1991 Preparation of thermo-responsive membranes. II.
37  primary prophylaxis
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
FN (20 times)
G-CSF (19 times)
SP (11 times)
1993 Aerosolized pentamidine for primary prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: a controlled, randomized trial.
38  phosphatase
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
Tf (5 times)
Hp (4 times)
ACP (3 times)
1983 [Polymorphic biochemical systems in the population of immigrant inhabitants of the northeastern USSR. I. The genetic structure and its heterogeneity due to sexual dimorphism and to the duration of separate groups living under extreme environmental conditions].
39  primary production
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
Chl-a (3 times)
BP (2 times)
Chl a (2 times)
2001 The annual cycle of primary productivity in a tropical estuary: the inner regions of the Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica.
40  phosphophoryn
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
DSP (14 times)
DSPP (4 times)
DMP1 (2 times)
1988 Two classes of dentin phosphophoryns, from a wide range of species, contain immunologically cross-reactive epitope regions.
41  premature pubarche
(30 times)
Endocrinology
(21 times)
BMI (7 times)
PCOS (5 times)
DHEA (4 times)
1995 Usefulness of an ACTH test in the diagnosis of nonclassical 21-hydroxylase deficiency among children presenting with premature pubarche.
42  paired-pulse
(28 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
TMS (5 times)
LTP (4 times)
PS (3 times)
1988 Paired pulse pacing increases cardiac O2 consumption for activation without changing efficiency of contractile machinery in canine left ventricle.
43  private practice
(28 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
UH (7 times)
HO (6 times)
MPS (5 times)
1996 Attitudes of Swedish dentists to the choice of dental X-ray film and collimator for oral radiology.
44  posterior probability
(27 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
RR (6 times)
SMR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1992 Bayesian analysis supports use of ambulatory blood pressure monitors for screening.
45  primary prevention
(26 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
SP (14 times)
ICD (7 times)
CV (4 times)
2006 Treatment with chitin microparticles is protective against lung histopathology in a murine asthma model.
46  periodic paralysis
(25 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
TPP (3 times)
hypoPP (2 times)
NDM (2 times)
1987 HLA and thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in Japanese patients.
47  pulsatile perfusion
(25 times)
Transplantation
(16 times)
NP (9 times)
DGF (7 times)
CPB (6 times)
1987 A randomized prospective trial of cold storage versus pulsatile perfusion for cadaver kidney preservation.
48  physical performance
(24 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
BC (2 times)
CG (2 times)
CHD (2 times)
1994 [A comparative evaluation of 2 physical loading tests in arterial hypertension].
49  penile prosthesis
(23 times)
Urology
(14 times)
ED (8 times)
AUS (4 times)
EDITS (2 times)
2008 Combination therapy for male erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence.
50  physical practice
(23 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MI (11 times)
MP (5 times)
ARAT (2 times)
1993 The effects of imagery abilities and mental rehearsal on learning a nursing skill.
51  plant protein
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
AP (9 times)
FM (7 times)
VO (5 times)
1995 Vitamin B-6 requirement and status assessment: young women fed a depletion diet followed by a plant- or animal-protein diet with graded amounts of vitamin B-6.
52  proteose peptone
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
IMI (3 times)
SCC (3 times)
TG (3 times)
1985 Studies on antigens associated with the activation of murine mononuclear phagocytes: kinetics of and requirements for induction of lymphocyte function-associated (LFA)-1 antigen in vitro.
53  plantar pressure
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
COP (2 times)
MTH (2 times)
2h-PPG (1 time)
2002 The impact of callosities on the magnitude and duration of plantar pressure in patients with diabetes mellitus. A callus may cause 18,600 kilograms of excess plantar pressure per day.
54  pleural plaques
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
DPT (3 times)
AO (2 times)
IFN (2 times)
1980 The pathogenesis of pleural plaques and pulmonary asbestosis: possibilities and impossibilities.
55  point prevalence
(21 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
OR (4 times)
CA (2 times)
2001 Systemic lupus erythematosus in the Arctic region of Norway.
56  precautionary principle
(21 times)
Occupational Medicine
(5 times)
DT (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2000 [Implications of transgenics for environmental and agricultural sustainability].
57  pneumococcal pneumonia
(19 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
IPD (4 times)
Lp (3 times)
CAP (2 times)
1987 Comparative clinical and laboratory features of legionella with pneumococcal and mycoplasma pneumonias.
58  ponticulus posticus
(19 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
CBCT (7 times)
VA (4 times)
HRVA (3 times)
2013 Ponticulus posticus on the posterior arch of atlas, prevalence analysis in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients of gulbarga population.
59  Prurigo pigmentosa
(18 times)
Dermatology
(17 times)
HHV-6 (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
1998 Bullous prurigo pigmentosa and diabetes.
60  prepubertal
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
LP (3 times)
MP (3 times)
CB (2 times)
1991 Aldosterone and prolactin response to exercise in the heat in circumpubertal boys.
61  primiparous
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
MP (17 times)
DMI (3 times)
DIM (2 times)
1999 Thyroid volume, urinary and milk iodine in mothers after delivery and their newborns in iodine-replete country.
62  Pseudomyxoma peritonei
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CK7 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
1981 Peritoneal washing therapy for pseudomyxoma peritonei.
63  pulsus paradoxus
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
CI (2 times)
ED (2 times)
PEF (2 times)
1976 Pulsus paradoxus in the bedside assessment of patients with bronchial asthma.
64  pin prick
(16 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
LT (15 times)
SCI (8 times)
ASIA (4 times)
1991 Zones of differential sensory block during extradural anaesthesia.
65  plaque psoriasis
(16 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
RCM (3 times)
LP (2 times)
PsA (2 times)
2003 Dermoscopic features of plaque psoriasis and lichen planus: new observations.
66  polypharmacy
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PIM (4 times)
EPP (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1999 Polypharmacy among older men in South Wales.
67  portal venous phase
(16 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
AP (14 times)
NIC (6 times)
CT (5 times)
2002 [Value of triple phase helical CT for the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic liver].
68  per-protocol analysis
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
ITT (13 times)
CI (2 times)
DAA (2 times)
2000 Efficacy of a multistep strategy for Helicobacter pylori eradication.
69  polyphosphate
(15 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
EBPR (3 times)
EPS (2 times)
ODN (2 times)
1978 Localization of polyphosphate in vacuoles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
70  parkinsonian patients
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CS (5 times)
PD (4 times)
ERD/ERS (2 times)
1981 Prolactin response as an index of dopaminergic receptor function in Parkinson's disease. Correlation with clinical findings and therapeutic response.
71  posterior parietal
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BO (2 times)
MST (2 times)
MT (2 times)
1986 [Visual information processing from the retina to the prefrontal cortex].
72  pustular psoriasis
(14 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
PV (4 times)
AGEP (2 times)
PPP (2 times)
1985 Neutrophil and monocyte chemotaxis in pustulosis palmo-plantaris and pustular psoriasis.
73  pyridoxal phosphate
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
Hb (2 times)
MPPG (2 times)
SFHb (2 times)
1980 Frequently used lipid-lowering drugs having no guaranteed effect.
74  pyrvinium pamoate
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2004 Antitumor activity of pyrvinium pamoate, 6-(dimethylamino)-2-[2-(2,5-dimethyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrrol-3-yl)ethenyl]-1-methyl-quinolinium pamoate salt, showing preferential cytotoxicity during glucose starvation.
75  pacesetter potentials
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
AP (6 times)
ERG (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1970 The effect of duodenal and mid small bowel transection on the frequency gradient of the pacesetter potential in the canine small intestine.
76  planum polare
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
PT (11 times)
HG (10 times)
STG (8 times)
2001 Focused and nonfocused attention in verbal and emotional dichotic listening: an FMRI study.
77  positive psychology
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ACS (3 times)
MI (2 times)
T2D (2 times)
2009 [Severe depression : psychological aspects of management].
78  potato peel
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
AP (2 times)
OP (2 times)
STZ (2 times)
1996 Dressing wounds with potato peel.
79  prepatent period
(13 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
SP (3 times)
AP (2 times)
MSD (2 times)
1983 Minimal infectious doses and prepatent periods in Giardia muris, Spironucleus muris and Tritrichomonas muris.
80  primary polydipsia
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
DI (5 times)
AVP (4 times)
NDI (3 times)
1997 Hyperuricemia as a clue for central diabetes insipidus (lack of V1 effect) in the differential diagnosis of polydipsia.
81  pseudopotential
(13 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
DFT (3 times)
AE (2 times)
CBS (2 times)
2005 Relativistic effects determined using the Douglas-Kroll contracted basis sets and correlation consistent basis sets with small-core relativistic pseudopotentials.
82  parallel plate
(12 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
SP (3 times)
3DCRT (1 time)
AAPM (1 time)
1999 Deposition of Oral Bacteria and Polystyrene Particles to Quartz and Dental Enamel in a Parallel Plate and Stagnation Point Flow Chamber.
83  paraplegia
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
TP (7 times)
SCI (6 times)
BMI (2 times)
1987 Comparison of physiological responses to maximal arm exercise among able-bodied, paraplegics and quadriplegics.
84  pectoralis profundus
(12 times)
Meat
(8 times)
ST (5 times)
TB (4 times)
BF (3 times)
1995 Distribution of parvalbumin in specific fibre types of chicken skeletal muscles.
85  phosphoprotein phosphatase
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
PKA (3 times)
OA (2 times)
AMPA (1 time)
1993 Hepatocyte DNA replication is abolished by inhibitors selecting protein phosphatase 2A rather than phosphatase 1.
86  piperine
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PZ (3 times)
beta-CD (2 times)
HE (2 times)
2012 Diclofenac salts, part 7: are the pharmaceutical salts with aliphatic amines stable?
87  placenta percreta
(12 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
PA (3 times)
PI (3 times)
AIP (2 times)
2009 Placenta percreta with urinary tract involvement: the case for a multidisciplinary approach.
88  plain packaging
(12 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
GHWs (3 times)
AO (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2015 Australian smokers' support for plain or standardised packs before and after implementation: findings from the ITC Four Country Survey.
89  polypeptide
(12 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PKS (2 times)
BGE (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
1984 Growth hormone releasing factor (GRF) immunoreactivity in human and rat gastrointestinal tract and pancreas.
90  Postpartum psychosis
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
C-section (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2003 Pharmacotherapy of postpartum psychosis.
91  predicted probability
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CI (4 times)
ROC (3 times)
A/YA (1 time)
2001 Comparison of findings on cranial ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in preterm infants.
92  preparatory period
(12 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
RT (4 times)
CP (3 times)
PS (3 times)
1981 Comparison of monosynaptic tendon reflexes during preparation for ballistic or ramp movement.
93  prepubertal periodontitis
(12 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
AP (3 times)
Aa (2 times)
GJP (2 times)
1985 Clinical studies of one family manifesting rapidly progressive, juvenile and prepubertal periodontitis.
94  primary position
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
IO (3 times)
PD (3 times)
SO (3 times)
1991 [Physiologic and pathologic rebound nystagmus. Description and comparison].
95  Purkinje potential
(12 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
VT (7 times)
ILVT (5 times)
DP (4 times)
1996 Radiofrequency ablation of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia.
96  N-phenylpyrrole
(11 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
ICT (9 times)
LE (5 times)
EtCN (3 times)
2003 Singlet excited state dipole moments of dual fluorescent N-phenylpyrroles and 4-(dimethylamino)benzonitrile from solvatochromic and thermochromic spectral shifts.
97  pancreatic progenitors
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
DE (5 times)
hESC (4 times)
ES (2 times)
2006 Sodium butyrate activates genes of early pancreatic development in embryonic stem cells.
98  phenylpiperazine
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CIP (2 times)
2CPP (1 time)
5-MeOT (1 time)
1980 Central serotoninmimetic action of phenylpiperazines.
99  poor prognosis
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
GP (6 times)
ACOVE-3 (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1988 Prognostic value of estrogen and progesterone receptors in operable breast cancer. Results of a univariate and multivariate analysis.
100  posterior pituitary gland
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
GALP (4 times)
ARC (3 times)
i.p (3 times)
1995 Regulation of the TRH-like peptide pyroglutamyl-glutamyl-prolineamide in the rat anterior pituitary gland.