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Abbreviation: PP
Appearance Frequency: 14280 time(s)
Long forms: 1985

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
pulse pressure
(1810 times)
Vascular Diseases
(618 times)
BP (517 times)
SBP (483 times)
DBP (363 times)
1977 Heat production and oxygen consumption of the isolated rabbit heart: their relation to mechanical function.
polypropylene
(1422 times)
Environmental Health
(316 times)
PE (249 times)
PS (165 times)
PET (159 times)
1976 Subcutaneous implants of polypropylene filaments.
pancreatic polypeptide
(1357 times)
Gastroenterology
(230 times)
PYY (253 times)
NPY (177 times)
CCK (140 times)
1976 Pancreatic polypeptide in insulinomas, gastrinomas, vipomas, and glucagonomas.
per-protocol
(797 times)
Gastroenterology
(153 times)
ITT (602 times)
CI (83 times)
H. pylori (62 times)
1995 Are ulcer healing and prophylaxis studies appropriately analysed?
Peyer's patches
(724 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(432 times)
MLN (141 times)
GALT (48 times)
LP (44 times)
1975 Rabbit Peyer's patches, appendix, and popliteal lymph node B lymphocytes: a comparative analysis of their membrane immunoglobulin components and plasma cell precursor potential.
postpartum
(511 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(203 times)
AP (49 times)
BCS (29 times)
NEFA (23 times)
1975 [Histogenesis of the immune system of the "nude" mouse. II. Postnatal development of the thymus: a light microscopical study (author's transl)].
protein phosphatase
(344 times)
Biochemistry
(76 times)
OA (45 times)
AD (27 times)
PKA (16 times)
1988 Ontogeny of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A in developing rat lung.
peak power
(267 times)
Physiology
(144 times)
MP (115 times)
PF (40 times)
CMJ (30 times)
1985 Maximal power outputs during the Wingate anaerobic test.
primary progressive
(201 times)
Neurology
(139 times)
MS (163 times)
SP (137 times)
RR (136 times)
1995 Correlation between magnetic resonance imaging and clinical parameters in multiple sclerosis.
10  perfusion pressure
(191 times)
Physiology
(50 times)
GFR (31 times)
RVR (22 times)
UF (21 times)
1975 Coronary collateral function in patients without occlusive coronary artery disease.
11  perforant path
(171 times)
Neurology
(68 times)
DG (67 times)
LTP (65 times)
PS (20 times)
1976 [Effect of disconnecting cortical input on the activity of hippocampal neurons].
12  plasmapheresis
(148 times)
Transplantation
(60 times)
IVIG (28 times)
AMR (20 times)
DSA (17 times)
1980 Effect of plasmapheresis (PP), corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide in essential mixed polyclonal cryoglobulinaemia associated with glomerulonephritis.
13  precocious puberty
(118 times)
Pediatrics
(50 times)
MAS (17 times)
LH (11 times)
GnRH (10 times)
1975 Preliminary report on behavioral (Beh) change in a 2-year-old boy with precocious puberty (PP) following L-DOPA (D) treatment.
14  peroxisome proliferator
(102 times)
Toxicology
(36 times)
PPARalpha (23 times)
DEHP (16 times)
PPAR (11 times)
1987 Peroxisome proliferator-binding protein: identification and partial characterization of nafenopin-, clofibric acid-, and ciprofibrate-binding proteins from rat liver.
15  prone position
(102 times)
Critical Care
(32 times)
ARDS (42 times)
SP (22 times)
PEEP (8 times)
1998 Respective and combined effects of prone position and inhaled nitric oxide in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
16  protoporphyrin
(100 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
ALA (15 times)
EPP (15 times)
CP (12 times)
1975 Effect of "drugs for liver disease" on hepatotoxic action of carbon tetrachloride. I. Changes of lysosomal enzyme levels and effect of protoporphyrin on the levels.
17  pneumoperitoneum
(97 times)
General Surgery
(48 times)
IAP (8 times)
CO (7 times)
HR (7 times)
1992 [Monosymptomatic pneumoperitoneum is not an indication for surgery].
18  propylparaben
(97 times)
Environmental Health
(33 times)
MP (68 times)
BP (37 times)
EP (37 times)
1990 Early proliferative responses of forestomach and glandular stomach of rats treated with five different phenolic antioxidants.
19  pentose phosphate
(89 times)
Biotechnology
(39 times)
ED (15 times)
EMP (14 times)
TCA (8 times)
1977 The role of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase in Rhizobium.
20  postprandial
(88 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
TG (15 times)
PA (8 times)
FFA (5 times)
1977 Left atrial pressure and postprandial diuresis in conscious dogs on a high sodium intake.
21  paliperidone palmitate
(75 times)
Psychopharmacology
(23 times)
LAI (17 times)
PANSS (15 times)
RLAI (8 times)
2009 Paliperidone palmitate, a potential long-acting treatment for patients with schizophrenia. Results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy and safety study.
22  particulate phosphorus
(70 times)
Environmental Health
(69 times)
TP (37 times)
DP (16 times)
SRP (11 times)
2001 Particulate phosphorus and sediment in surface runoff and drainflow from clayey soils.
23  placenta previa
(64 times)
Obstetrics
(32 times)
CS (11 times)
PA (8 times)
PE (8 times)
1979 Midtrimester placenta previa: normal or pathologic finding.
24  pyrophosphate
(64 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
TPP (7 times)
ATP (5 times)
HA (5 times)
1954 On the separation of inorganic pyrophosphate (PP) from the phosphoric esters of adenosine; solubilizing action of ATP on the Mn-salts of PP.
25  porous polyethylene
(56 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
HA (12 times)
PE (4 times)
PMMA (4 times)
1991 Preparation of thermo-responsive membranes. II.
26  pancreatic pseudocyst
(53 times)
General Surgery
(24 times)
EUS (8 times)
WON (7 times)
CT (5 times)
1989 [Diagnostic value of the reflux sign in cholescintigraphy after administration of a gallbladder contracting agent--a comparison with X-ray cholangiography].
27  periportal
(53 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
PV (41 times)
PC (9 times)
GST (3 times)
1980 Histochemical acitivity of acid phosphatase in rat liver after perfusion fixation.
28  primary patency
(53 times)
Vascular Diseases
(36 times)
SP (20 times)
CI (9 times)
CLI (9 times)
2001 Survival of prosthetic grafts of different materials after impairment of a native arteriovenous fistula in hemodialysis patients.
29  posterior pituitary
(50 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
PVN (13 times)
AP (10 times)
ME (8 times)
1975 Triiodothyronine binding in rat anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary, median eminence and brain.
30  polyphenols
(48 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
PA (6 times)
DF (4 times)
FS (3 times)
1993 [The effect of natural polyphenol compounds on the oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins].
31  particulate P
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(46 times)
TP (26 times)
DRP (16 times)
DP (11 times)
2001 Particulate phosphorus transport by sub-surface drainage from agricultural land in the UK. Environmental significance at the catchment and national scale.
32  protein precipitation
(46 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(26 times)
SPE (22 times)
LLE (15 times)
MRM (7 times)
2001 Protein precipitation In Vitro as a measure of chemical-induced cytotoxicity: an EDIT sub-programme.
33  precocious pubarche
(43 times)
Endocrinology
(27 times)
PCOS (13 times)
LBW (9 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
1990 Adrenal steroidogenic function in a black and Hispanic population with precocious pubarche.
34  penile prosthesis
(42 times)
Urology
(25 times)
ED (14 times)
AUS (5 times)
IPP (4 times)
2007 Combination therapy for male erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence.
35  primary production
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
BP (3 times)
Chl-a (3 times)
MPB (3 times)
2004 The annual cycle of primary productivity in a tropical estuary: the inner regions of the Golfo de Nicoya, Costa Rica.
36  primary prophylaxis
(40 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
FN (25 times)
G-CSF (23 times)
SP (13 times)
1993 Aerosolized pentamidine for primary prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: a controlled, randomized trial.
37  percent positivity
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
ELISA (6 times)
SI (6 times)
IRS (4 times)
1986 Comparative histological, histochemical, immunohistochemical and biochemical studies on oestrogen receptors, lectin receptors, and Barr bodies in human breast cancer.
38  posterior probability
(37 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
RR (7 times)
CI (3 times)
SMR (3 times)
1992 Bayesian analysis supports use of ambulatory blood pressure monitors for screening.
39  plasma protein
(36 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
PCV (6 times)
Hct (5 times)
RBC (4 times)
1978 Plasma volume changes with movement to supine and standing positions.
40  physical performance
(35 times)
Geriatrics
(9 times)
CG (4 times)
MS (4 times)
PA (4 times)
1994 [A comparative evaluation of 2 physical loading tests in arterial hypertension].
41  premature pubarche
(35 times)
Endocrinology
(25 times)
BMI (8 times)
PCOS (6 times)
PA (5 times)
1995 Usefulness of an ACTH test in the diagnosis of nonclassical 21-hydroxylase deficiency among children presenting with premature pubarche.
42  primary prevention
(34 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
SP (18 times)
ICD (10 times)
ICDs (6 times)
2006 Treatment with chitin microparticles is protective against lung histopathology in a murine asthma model.
43  paired-pulse
(33 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
TMS (9 times)
LTP (5 times)
PS (3 times)
1988 Paired pulse pacing increases cardiac O2 consumption for activation without changing efficiency of contractile machinery in canine left ventricle.
44  phosphatase
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
Tf (5 times)
Hp (4 times)
ACP (3 times)
1983 [Polymorphic biochemical systems in the population of immigrant inhabitants of the northeastern USSR. I. The genetic structure and its heterogeneity due to sexual dimorphism and to the duration of separate groups living under extreme environmental conditions].
45  private practice
(31 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
UH (7 times)
HO (6 times)
MPS (5 times)
1996 Attitudes of Swedish dentists to the choice of dental X-ray film and collimator for oral radiology.
46  phosphophoryn
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
DSP (14 times)
DSPP (4 times)
DMP1 (2 times)
1988 Two classes of dentin phosphophoryns, from a wide range of species, contain immunologically cross-reactive epitope regions.
47  polypharmacy
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PIM (9 times)
OR (6 times)
EPP (3 times)
1999 Polypharmacy among older men in South Wales.
48  periodic paralysis
(29 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
TPP (4 times)
NDM (3 times)
HyperPP (2 times)
1987 HLA and thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in Japanese patients.
49  plant protein
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
AP (10 times)
FM (10 times)
VO (5 times)
1995 Vitamin B-6 requirement and status assessment: young women fed a depletion diet followed by a plant- or animal-protein diet with graded amounts of vitamin B-6.
50  physical practice
(27 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MI (12 times)
MP (6 times)
ARAT (2 times)
1993 The effects of imagery abilities and mental rehearsal on learning a nursing skill.
51  ponticulus posticus
(27 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CBCT (9 times)
VA (4 times)
HRVA (3 times)
2014 Ponticulus posticus on the posterior arch of atlas, prevalence analysis in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients of gulbarga population.
52  pulsatile perfusion
(26 times)
Transplantation
(17 times)
NP (10 times)
CPB (7 times)
DGF (7 times)
1987 A randomized prospective trial of cold storage versus pulsatile perfusion for cadaver kidney preservation.
53  pleural plaques
(24 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
MM (4 times)
DPT (3 times)
AE (2 times)
1980 The pathogenesis of pleural plaques and pulmonary asbestosis: possibilities and impossibilities.
54  pneumococcal pneumonia
(24 times)
Communicable Diseases
(9 times)
IPD (7 times)
CAP (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1987 Comparative clinical and laboratory features of legionella with pneumococcal and mycoplasma pneumonias.
55  point prevalence
(24 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
CI (6 times)
OR (4 times)
CA (2 times)
2001 Systemic lupus erythematosus in the Arctic region of Norway.
56  precautionary principle
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
DT (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
ERA (1 time)
2001 Learning from the law to address uncertainty in the precautionary principle.
57  plantar pressure
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
COP (3 times)
MTH (2 times)
2h-PPG (1 time)
2002 The impact of callosities on the magnitude and duration of plantar pressure in patients with diabetes mellitus. A callus may cause 18,600 kilograms of excess plantar pressure per day.
58  peak power output
(22 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
MP (10 times)
PV (7 times)
MV (6 times)
1997 The influence of recovery duration on high-intensity exercise performance after oral creatine supplementation.
59  positive psychology
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
ACS (3 times)
MI (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2010 [Severe depression : psychological aspects of management].
60  proteose peptone
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
IMI (3 times)
SCC (3 times)
TG (3 times)
1985 Studies on antigens associated with the activation of murine mononuclear phagocytes: kinetics of and requirements for induction of lymphocyte function-associated (LFA)-1 antigen in vitro.
61  primiparous
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
MP (21 times)
DMI (4 times)
NEFA (3 times)
1999 Thyroid volume, urinary and milk iodine in mothers after delivery and their newborns in iodine-replete country.
62  pyrvinium pamoate
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
LCSCs (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ALL (1 time)
2004 Antitumor activity of pyrvinium pamoate, 6-(dimethylamino)-2-[2-(2,5-dimethyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrrol-3-yl)ethenyl]-1-methyl-quinolinium pamoate salt, showing preferential cytotoxicity during glucose starvation.
63  paraplegia
(20 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
TP (15 times)
SCI (12 times)
AB (6 times)
1987 Comparison of physiological responses to maximal arm exercise among able-bodied, paraplegics and quadriplegics.
64  polyphosphate
(20 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
EBPR (3 times)
PAOs (3 times)
EPS (2 times)
1978 Localization of polyphosphate in vacuoles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
65  predicted probability
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CI (6 times)
OR (3 times)
ROC (3 times)
2001 Comparison of findings on cranial ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in preterm infants.
66  Prurigo pigmentosa
(20 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
HHV-6 (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
1998 Bullous prurigo pigmentosa and diabetes.
67  pulsus paradoxus
(20 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
ED (3 times)
CI (2 times)
PEF (2 times)
1976 Pulsus paradoxus in the bedside assessment of patients with bronchial asthma.
68  placenta percreta
(19 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
PI (5 times)
PA (3 times)
AIP (2 times)
2009 Placenta percreta with urinary tract involvement: the case for a multidisciplinary approach.
69  plaque psoriasis
(19 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
MF (4 times)
LP (3 times)
RCM (3 times)
2003 Dermoscopic features of plaque psoriasis and lichen planus: new observations.
70  per-protocol analysis
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
ITT (15 times)
CI (2 times)
DAA (2 times)
2000 Efficacy of a multistep strategy for Helicobacter pylori eradication.
71  portal venous phase
(18 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
AP (16 times)
CT (6 times)
NIC (6 times)
2002 [Value of triple phase helical CT for the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic liver].
72  postoperative pain
(18 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
bRFS (2 times)
IoP (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
1998 [Postoperative ptosis: etiopathogenesis, clinical analysis, and therapeutic management. Apropos of a series of 43 cases].
73  potato peel
(18 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
OP (4 times)
AP (2 times)
STZ (2 times)
1996 Dressing wounds with potato peel.
74  pseudomyxoma peritonei
(18 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
CK7 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
1981 Peritoneal washing therapy for pseudomyxoma peritonei.
75  pseudopotential
(18 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DFT (4 times)
AE (3 times)
DKH (3 times)
2005 Relativistic effects determined using the Douglas-Kroll contracted basis sets and correlation consistent basis sets with small-core relativistic pseudopotentials.
76  pea protein
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CAT (3 times)
GPx (3 times)
GR (3 times)
2007 Comparison of alpha-tocopherol microparticles produced with different wall materials: pea protein a new interesting alternative.
77  pin prick
(17 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
LT (16 times)
SCI (8 times)
ISNCSCI (5 times)
1991 Zones of differential sensory block during extradural anaesthesia.
78  pomegranate peel
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
MDA (3 times)
EA (2 times)
GPx (2 times)
2015 Effect of feeding ensiled mixture of pomegranate pulp and drier feeds on digestibility and milk performance in dairy cows.
79  postpartum psychosis
(17 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
IL (2 times)
MCP-1 (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
2003 Pharmacotherapy of postpartum psychosis.
80  prepubertal
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
LP (3 times)
MP (3 times)
CB (2 times)
1991 Aldosterone and prolactin response to exercise in the heat in circumpubertal boys.
81  portal phase
(16 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
AP (11 times)
CT (8 times)
DP (7 times)
1997 Nodular hepatocellular carcinomas: detection with arterial-, portal-, and delayed-phase images at spiral CT.
82  pustular psoriasis
(16 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
PV (5 times)
AGEP (2 times)
EP (2 times)
1985 Neutrophil and monocyte chemotaxis in pustulosis palmo-plantaris and pustular psoriasis.
83  pooled prevalence
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
aCL (3 times)
aPL (3 times)
LA (2 times)
2016 Menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
84  posterior parietal
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BO (2 times)
DTI (2 times)
MST (2 times)
1986 [Visual information processing from the retina to the prefrontal cortex].
85  protein percentage
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
MY (9 times)
QTL (9 times)
FP (8 times)
2006 Multitrait quantitative trait Loci mapping for milk production traits in danish Holstein cattle.
86  protein-protein
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PR (3 times)
PL (2 times)
r-proteins (2 times)
1981 Comparative analysis of specificity in protein-protein interactions. Part I.: A theoretical and mathematical approach to specificity in protein-protein interactions.
87  parkinsonian patients
(14 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CS (5 times)
PD (4 times)
ERD/ERS (2 times)
1981 Prolactin response as an index of dopaminergic receptor function in Parkinson's disease. Correlation with clinical findings and therapeutic response.
88  piperine
(14 times)
Biology
(4 times)
PZ (3 times)
HE (2 times)
Py (2 times)
2012 Diclofenac salts, part 7: are the pharmaceutical salts with aliphatic amines stable?
89  prepatent period
(14 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
SP (3 times)
AP (2 times)
i.p (2 times)
1983 Minimal infectious doses and prepatent periods in Giardia muris, Spironucleus muris and Tritrichomonas muris.
90  primary polydipsia
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
AVP (5 times)
DI (5 times)
CDI (3 times)
1997 Hyperuricemia as a clue for central diabetes insipidus (lack of V1 effect) in the differential diagnosis of polydipsia.
91  pyridoxal phosphate
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
Hb (2 times)
MPPG (2 times)
SFHb (2 times)
1980 Frequently used lipid-lowering drugs having no guaranteed effect.
92  pacesetter potentials
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
AP (6 times)
ERG (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1970 The effect of duodenal and mid small bowel transection on the frequency gradient of the pacesetter potential in the canine small intestine.
93  pancreatic progenitors
(13 times)
Stem Cells
(5 times)
DE (6 times)
hESC (5 times)
ES (2 times)
2006 Sodium butyrate activates genes of early pancreatic development in embryonic stem cells.
94  pectoralis profundus
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
ST (6 times)
TB (4 times)
BF (3 times)
1995 Distribution of parvalbumin in specific fibre types of chicken skeletal muscles.
95  plain packaging
(13 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(10 times)
GHWs (3 times)
AO (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2014 Australian smokers' support for plain or standardised packs before and after implementation: findings from the ITC Four Country Survey.
96  planum polare
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
PT (11 times)
HG (10 times)
STG (8 times)
2001 Focused and nonfocused attention in verbal and emotional dichotic listening: an FMRI study.
97  polypathological patients
(13 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
BI (3 times)
aTL (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2007 [Risk factors associated to mortality and functional deterioration in pluripathologic patients with heart failure].
98  polypeptide
(13 times)
Biology
(3 times)
PKS (2 times)
BGE (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
1988 Human squamous cell carcinoma lines express oncofetal 44-kD polypeptide defined by monoclonal antibody to mouse fetus.
99  poor prognosis
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
GP (8 times)
ACOVE-3 (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1988 Prognostic value of estrogen and progesterone receptors in operable breast cancer. Results of a univariate and multivariate analysis.
100  predominant polarity
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
BD (11 times)
DPP (4 times)
MPP (3 times)
2013 Clinical implications of predominant polarity and the polarity index in bipolar disorder: a naturalistic study.