A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : PPA

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : PPA
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: PPA
Appearance Frequency: 2005 time(s)
Long forms: 399

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
primary progressive aphasia
(458 times)
Neurology
(302 times)
AD (74 times)
FTD (57 times)
bvFTD (33 times)
1993 Pure progressive aphemia.
phenylpropanolamine
(187 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
NPY (14 times)
PVN (13 times)
OTC (9 times)
1978 Three anorectic drugs: similar structures but different effects on brain and behavior.
parahippocampal place area
(163 times)
Neurology
(60 times)
FFA (51 times)
RSC (48 times)
fMRI (38 times)
1998 Binocular rivalry and visual awareness in human extrastriate cortex.
peripapillary atrophy
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(67 times)
ONH (16 times)
POAG (15 times)
RNFL (15 times)
1990 Focal ischaemic normal pressure glaucoma versus high pressure glaucoma.
porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase
(75 times)
Biochemistry
(42 times)
alpha-AI (2 times)
Bnl (2 times)
Ca (2 times)
1985 The effect of substrate modification on porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase subsite binding: hydrolysis of substrates containing 2-deoxy-D-glucose and 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose.
Physiological Profile Assessment
(44 times)
Geriatrics
(18 times)
MS (4 times)
TUG (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
2003 A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention.
point prevalence abstinence
(43 times)
Public Health
(15 times)
OR (7 times)
CI (6 times)
CBT (5 times)
1996 A retrospective analysis of the costs and consequences of a tobacco-cessation program for active duty service members.
phenylphosphonic acid
(41 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
PAA (6 times)
BA (4 times)
AFM (3 times)
1980 Production of indole-3-propanoic acid and 3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid by Clostridium sporogenes: a convenient thin-layer chromatography detection system.
propionic acid
(36 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ASD (11 times)
ASDs (4 times)
GABA (4 times)
1997 Effects of methylmalonate and propionate on [3H]glutamate binding, adenylate cyclase activity and lipid synthesis in rat cerebral cortex.
10  phenylpyruvic acid
(35 times)
Biotechnology
(10 times)
PLA (16 times)
LAB (5 times)
Phe (4 times)
1963 [DETERMINATION OF PHENYLPYRUVIC ACID (PPA) IN THE URINE OF PATIENTS WITH PHENYLPYRUVIC OLIGOPHRENIA (PHENYLKETONURIA)].
11  pipemidic acid
(34 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
NA (9 times)
NFLX (6 times)
OFLX (5 times)
1978 Toxicological studies on pipemidic acid. V. Effect on diarthrodial joints of experimental animals.
12  positive percent agreement
(32 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
NPA (27 times)
CI (6 times)
OPA (3 times)
2011 The ImmunoCAP ISAC molecular allergology approach in adult multi-sensitized Italian patients with respiratory symptoms.
13  pulse pressure amplification
(30 times)
Vascular Diseases
(17 times)
AIx (9 times)
BP (9 times)
PWV (8 times)
2005 Augmentation index, pulse pressure amplification and superoxide anion production in patients with coronary artery disease.
14  polyphosphoric acid
(29 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DHTA (2 times)
NMR (2 times)
Ti (2 times)
1975 Implications of the reorganizational behavior of condensed phosphates for mitochondrial phosphorylation.
15  phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
EC (2 times)
SR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1978 Effect of the anorectic drug, phenylpropanolamine, on blood glucose in rats.
16  per-protocol analysis
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ITT (9 times)
GITS (2 times)
AGE (1 time)
1999 Doxazosin GITS compared with doxazosin standard and placebo in patients with mild hypertension.
17  postpartum amenorrhea
(14 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BF (2 times)
BFD (1 time)
BI (1 time)
1988 [Breast feeding and birth spacing in Burundi: an approach].
18  peak-to-peak amplitude
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CAP (2 times)
SSEPs (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
1996 Fatigue effects on muscle excitability.
19  preproenkephalin A
(11 times)
Brain
(6 times)
POMC (2 times)
SP (2 times)
GH (1 time)
1984 Detection of the messenger RNA coding for preproenkephalin A in bovine adrenal by in situ hybridization.
20  passive peritoneal anaphylaxis
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
DSCG (3 times)
PCA (2 times)
SRS-A (2 times)
1975 Inhibition of immediate hypersensitivity reactions in the rat by disodium cromoglycate and nitroindanedione.
21  pterygopalatine artery
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ECA (6 times)
ERG (3 times)
ICA (3 times)
1989 Kinetic analysis of cerebrovascular transport based on indicator diffusion technique.
22  phenylpyruvate
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
PLA (5 times)
HG (2 times)
2-HADHs (1 time)
2000 Measurement of phenyllactate, phenylacetate, and phenylpyruvate by negative ion chemical ionization-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in brain of mouse genetic models of phenylketonuria and non-phenylketonuria hyperphenylalaninemia.
23  Pinellia pedatisecta agglutinin
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
sCAR (3 times)
AML (2 times)
ORF (2 times)
2006 Genomic cloning and characterization of a PPA gene encoding a mannose-binding lectin from Pinellia pedatisecta.
24  Poly(phenylacetylene)
(9 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DXM (1 time)
HeLa (1 time)
P3HT (1 time)
2005 Thermoreversible cis-cisoidal to cis-transoidal isomerization of helical dendronized polyphenylacetylenes.
25  peripapillary chorioretinal atrophy
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
NTG (3 times)
MD (2 times)
POAG (2 times)
1997 [Parapapillary chorioretinal atrophy and parapapillary avascular area in glaucoma].
26  paroxysmal perceptual alteration
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
APZ (2 times)
OGC (2 times)
NLP (1 time)
1991 [The syndromes of oculogyric crisis and paroxysmal perceptual alteration in chronic schizophrenic patients--a clinical inquiry into their pathophysiology].
27  percent positive agreement
(7 times)
Virology
(2 times)
ADRs (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CLIA (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of agreement between conventional and liquid-based cytology in cervical cancer early detection based on analysis of 2,091 smears: experience at the Brazilian National Cancer Institute.
28  Pittsburgh pneumonia agent
(7 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CFU (1 time)
1979 Opportunistic lung infection due to "Pittsburgh Pneumonia Agent".
29  polypyrrole propylic acid
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
PPy (2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
bpy (1 time)
2006 Sensitive amperometric immunosensing using polypyrrolepropylic acid films for biomolecule immobilization.
30  positive predictive accuracy
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ROC (2 times)
BNP (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
1991 The effect of age on the electrophysiological and autonomic correlates of sudden death after acute myocardial infarction.
31  postoperative peritoneal adhesion
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CAC (1 time)
Cry LN (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 The role of intra-peritoneal honey administration in preventing post-operative peritoneal adhesions.
32  potassium pyroantimonate
(7 times)
Histology
(2 times)
A.R (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
EELS (1 time)
1979 Frozen ultrathin-sections for x-ray microanalysis of rat tooth germs.
33  Protein Pathway Array
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
IPA (2 times)
NSCLC (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2013 Protein predictive signatures for lymph node metastasis of gastric cancer.
34  papillary predominant adenocarcinoma
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
LPA (5 times)
SPA (4 times)
MPA (3 times)
2013 Histological subtypes of solitary pulmonary nodules of adenocarcinoma and their clinical relevance.
35  peak positive acceleration
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BF (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
VALR (1 time)
2014 Low-frequency accelerations over-estimate impact-related shock during walking.
36  Prosthetic Profile of the Amputee
(6 times)
Rehabilitation
(5 times)
PEQ (2 times)
FMA (1 time)
RNL (1 time)
1993 Prosthetic profile of people with lower extremity amputation: conception and design of a follow-up questionnaire.
37  parotid pleomorphic adenoma
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
SP (2 times)
TP (2 times)
CD44v (1 time)
2002 The significance of the margin in parotid surgery for pleomorphic adenoma.
38  patient-pathway analysis
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
TB (1 time)
2017 Quality Tuberculosis Care in Indonesia: Using Patient Pathway Analysis to Optimize Public-Private Collaboration.
39  Personal Projects Analysis
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
GAS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2002 Perceptions of goal-directed activities of optimists and pessimists: a personal projects analysis.
40  poly(phthalaldehyde)
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
Gly-Gly (1 time)
2013 End group characterization of poly(phthalaldehyde): surprising discovery of a reversible, cationic macrocyclization mechanism.
41  posterior placodal area
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HH (1 time)
PTO (1 time)
2012 Pax2 modulates proliferation during specification of the otic and epibranchial placodes.
42  postpartum anemia
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
AUB (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2010 Efficacy and safety of ferric carboxymaltose in correcting iron-deficiency anemia: a review of randomized controlled trials across different indications.
43  postpartum anxiety
(5 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
EPDS (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
2016 Neurogenesis and anxiety-like behavior in male California mice during the mate's postpartum period.
44  prepenetration apparatus
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AM (5 times)
2005 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi elicit a novel intracellular apparatus in Medicago truncatula root epidermal cells before infection.
45  Prescription Pricing Authority
(5 times)
Primary Health Care
(2 times)
GPs (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1984 Reducing prescribing costs through computer controlled repeat prescribing.
46  primary peritoneal adenocarcinoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
GCIG (2 times)
EDR (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
1997 Two sequential studies for primary peritoneal carcinoma: induction with weekly cisplatin followed by either cisplatin-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide or paclitaxel-cisplatin.
47  Proximal Popliteal Artery
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
SFA (5 times)
PTA (3 times)
DCBs (2 times)
2010 Bare nitinol stent enabled recanalization of long-segment, chronic total occlusion of superficial femoral and adjacent proximal popliteal artery in diabetic patients presenting with critical limb ischemia.
48  pyrophosphate arthropathy
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
OA (5 times)
RA (4 times)
M-CSF (3 times)
1999 Changes in joint cartilage aggrecan after knee injury and in osteoarthritis.
49  Pan paniscus
(4 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
GGO (2 times)
PPY (2 times)
PTR (2 times)
1995 The immunoglobulin kappa locus of primates.
50  parapharyngeal abscess
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AUH (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
1996 Parapharyngeal abscess in children: the role of CT for diagnosis and treatment.
51  parental presence/absence
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
--- 2005 Parental presence versus absence in the dental operatory: a technique to manage the uncooperative child dental patient.
52  pelvic phased-array
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
DCE (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
ECE (1 time)
1994 Carcinoma of the prostate gland: MR imaging with pelvic phased-array coils versus integrated endorectal--pelvic phased-array coils.
53  phenylphosphonate
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DMMP (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CND (1 time)
1994 Intracellular and extracellular spaces and the direct quantification of molar intracellular concentrations of phosphorus metabolites in the isolated rat heart using 31P NMR spectroscopy and phosphonate markers.
54  phosphatidic acid
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
ASI (1 time)
BTCA (1 time)
1998 Abscisic acid signal transduction in the barley aleurone is mediated by phospholipase D activity.
55  placental plasminogen activator
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
Fbg (1 time)
FN (1 time)
UK (1 time)
1983 The role of placental urokinase inhibitor in toxemia of pregnancy.
56  plasmid profile analysis
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
PFGE (4 times)
ACSSuT (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1999 [Relatedness of Shigella sonnei isolates from six outbreaks in Tao-Yuan area, Taiwan].
57  platelet procoagulant activity
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ACT (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1979 Isolated deficiency of platelet procoagulant activity.
58  plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy
(4 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
PPH (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
1991 Lung mast cells in plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy.
59  pulmonary plexogenic arteriopathy
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CHD (2 times)
iNOS (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
1993 Thrombotic lesions in primary plexogenic arteriopathy. Similar pathogenesis or complication?
60  paramedian pontine arteries
(3 times)
Cerebrovascular Disorders
(1 time)
BAD (3 times)
LSA (3 times)
DM (1 time)
2013 Treatment outcomes of tissue plasminogen activator infusion for branch atheromatous disease.
61  partially parallel acquisition
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
GRAPPA (2 times)
HASTE (1 time)
TE (1 time)
2000 A multicoil array designed for cardiac SMASH imaging.
62  Peak phrenic nerve activity
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
MAC (2 times)
CBCRs (1 time)
MORs (1 time)
1997 Dose-dependent effects of halothane on the phrenic nerve responses to acute hypoxia in vagotomized dogs.
63  peripeduncular area
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CPu (1 time)
DR (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1987 The connections of the peripeduncular area studied by retrograde and anterograde transport in the rat.
64  phaeosphaeride A
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2015 Synthesis of natural phaeosphaeride A derivatives and an in vitro evaluation of their anti-cancer potential.
65  phosphate-pyroantimonate
(3 times)
Histology
(1 time)
OPA (2 times)
1984 Localization of calcium in skeletal and cardiac muscle.
66  planned physical activity
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BLPAQ (1 time)
BM (1 time)
BQHPA (1 time)
2016 Health Risk Perceptions and Exercise in Older Adulthood: An Application of Protection Motivation Theory.
67  plateau-patella angle
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
B/P (1 time)
I/S (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2014 Plateau-patella angle in evaluation of patellar height after total knee arthroplasty.
68  platelet prostaglandin agonist
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
AA (1 time)
COX-1 (1 time)
2002 A new method for measuring inhibition of platelet function by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
69  Postpartum angiopathy
(3 times)
Stroke
(1 time)
CCAD (1 time)
RPLS (1 time)
Xe-CT (1 time)
2004 Postpartum angiopathy with reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy.
70  prescribed physical activity
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACDF (1 time)
NME (1 time)
NSE (1 time)
2015 The effect of 3 different exercise approaches on neck muscle endurance, kinesiophobia, exercise compliance, and patient satisfaction in chronic whiplash.
71  prescription of physical activity
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
NSE (3 times)
WAD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2015 The effect of neck-specific exercise with, or without a behavioral approach, on pain, disability, and self-efficacy in chronic whiplash-associated disorders: a randomized clinical trial.
72  primitive path analysis
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
--- 2005 Effect of equilibration on primitive path analyses of entangled polymers.
73  5-phenyl-4-pentenyl-alcohol
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PPHP (2 times)
HRP (1 time)
1985 Enzymatic reduction of 5-phenyl-4-pentenyl-hydroperoxide: detection of peroxidases and identification of peroxidase reducing substrates.
74  N-(5'-phosphopyridoxyl)-l-alpha-aminoadipate
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AAA-AT (2 times)
KAT II (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
2009 Mechanism for multiple-substrates recognition of alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase from Thermus thermophilus.
75  omega-phenyl-pentadecanoic acid
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
1,2-Pal (1 time)
1983 Preparation and purification of omega-(p-123I-iodophenyl)-pentadecanoic acid.
76  pace polarization artefact
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 2004 Understanding capture detection.
77  Peptone PCNB Agar
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Mycotoxin producing Fusarium species associated with plant disease on potato, wheat, corn and animal diseases in northwest Iran.
78  percent positive area
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2002 Image cytometric bcl-2:bax and bcl-2:bcl-x ratios in invasive breast carcinoma: correlation with prognosis.
79  percentage of plaque area
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
LUTS (1 time)
TUMT (1 time)
1995 [Anti-atheromatous effects of fenofibrate, a hypolipidemic drug. I: Anti-atheromatous effects are independent of its hypolipidemic effect in cholesterol-fed rabbits].
80  periprostatic adipose
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
MR (2 times)
AROC (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2014 Periprostatic adipose tissue from obese prostate cancer patients promotes tumor and endothelial cell proliferation: a functional and MR imaging pilot study.
81  phenylpropylamine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
PEA (1 time)
1994 The measurement of beta-phenylethylamine in human plasma and rat brain.
82  phonological processing abilities
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2007 Phonological processing and emergent literacy in younger and older preschool children.
83  phospholipid-related procoagulant activity
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
APTT (1 time)
KPTT-H (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1981 [Lupus anticoagulant screening: comparison of 5 tests (author's transl)].
84  phosphonoacetic acid
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
HSV (1 time)
RNR (1 time)
1976 Mutants of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 that are resistant to phosphonoacetic acid induce altered DNA polymerase activities in infected cells.
85  phosphonopropionate
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
MDP (1 time)
MPPA (1 time)
1978 Uptake of Tc-99m monophosphate complexes in bone and myocardial necrosis in animals.
86  pigmy chimpanzee
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
HSA14 (1 time)
PTR (1 time)
1995 Comparative mapping of human alphoid sequences in great apes using fluorescence in situ hybridization.
87  pitch pulse asynchrony
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
PDI (1 time)
2005 Pitch discrimination interference: the role of pitch pulse asynchrony.
88  plaque-producing agent
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AGP (1 time)
common-Ag (1 time)
HVT (1 time)
1975 Studies of Marek's disease herpesvirus and turkey herpesvirus specific common antigen which stimulates the production of neutralizing antibodies.
89  Plasma protein accumulation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
MP (1 time)
1986 The effect of methylprednisolone on the pulmonary accumulation of transferrin in the adult respiratory distress syndrome.
90  plasma protein accumulation index
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
PMVP (1 time)
1989 Regional lung microvascular permeability using dual isotope scintigraphy.
91  plasma-processed air
(2 times)
PTW (1 time)
2019 Plasma-Treated Air and Water-Assessment of Synergistic Antimicrobial Effects for Sanitation of Food Processing Surfaces and Environment.
92  platelet-platelet aggregate
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
DM (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2002 Effects of insulin on platelet and leukocyte activity in whole blood.
93  Poincare plot analysis
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
DFA (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2007 Comparison of nonlinear methods symbolic dynamics, detrended fluctuation, and Poincare plot analysis in risk stratification in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
94  points among persons with high anxiety sensitivity
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2016 The Efficacy of Vigorous-Intensity Exercise as an Aid to Smoking Cessation in Adults With High Anxiety Sensitivity: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
95  polyphosphoramidates
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PPEI (1 time)
2007 PEG-b-PPA/DNA micelles improve transgene expression in rat liver through intrabiliary infusion.
96  pontine penetratingarterial
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
BAD (2 times)
LSA (2 times)
CTA (1 time)
2015 The Impact of Diagnosing Branch Atheromatous Disease for Predicting Prognosis.
97  post-pill amenorrhea
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1976 Amenorrhea following oral contraception.
98  posterior parietal area
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
Imp-IA (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1996 Changes in rCBF during grasping in humans examined by PET.
99  posterior probability of association
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
EDNRA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2011 Common variant near the endothelin receptor type A (EDNRA) gene is associated with intracranial aneurysm risk.
100  powdery polymer aerogel
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2017 Powdery polymer and carbon aerogels with high surface areas for high-performance solid phase microextraction coatings.