A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : PPA

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : PPA
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 6 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: PPA
Appearance Frequency: 2848 time(s)
Long forms: 490

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
primary progressive aphasia
(674 times)
Neurology
(411 times)
AD (114 times)
FTD (73 times)
bvFTD (51 times)
1993 Pure progressive aphemia.
parahippocampal place area
(196 times)
Neurology
(71 times)
RSC (63 times)
FFA (59 times)
fMRI (45 times)
1998 Binocular rivalry and visual awareness in human extrastriate cortex.
phenylpropanolamine
(187 times)
Pharmacology
(51 times)
NPY (14 times)
PVN (13 times)
OTC (9 times)
1978 Three anorectic drugs: similar structures but different effects on brain and behavior.
positive percent agreement
(160 times)
Microbiology
(45 times)
NPA (100 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (32 times)
CI (23 times)
2011 The ImmunoCAP ISAC molecular allergology approach in adult multi-sensitized Italian patients with respiratory symptoms.
peripapillary atrophy
(127 times)
Ophthalmology
(87 times)
POAG (21 times)
RNFL (20 times)
OCT (19 times)
1990 Focal ischaemic normal pressure glaucoma versus high pressure glaucoma.
polyphosphoric acid
(97 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
PAA (8 times)
BA (7 times)
FTIR (5 times)
1975 Implications of the reorganizational behavior of condensed phosphates for mitochondrial phosphorylation.
porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase
(84 times)
Biochemistry
(45 times)
HSA (4 times)
alpha-AI (2 times)
Bnl (2 times)
1985 The effect of substrate modification on porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase subsite binding: hydrolysis of substrates containing 2-deoxy-D-glucose and 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose.
point prevalence abstinence
(74 times)
Public Health
(20 times)
OR (13 times)
CI (12 times)
NRT (8 times)
1996 A retrospective analysis of the costs and consequences of a tobacco-cessation program for active duty service members.
propionic acid
(69 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
ASD (21 times)
ASDs (5 times)
GABA (5 times)
1997 Effects of methylmalonate and propionate on [3H]glutamate binding, adenylate cyclase activity and lipid synthesis in rat cerebral cortex.
10  Physiological Profile Assessment
(66 times)
Geriatrics
(23 times)
TUG (8 times)
MS (5 times)
ABC (3 times)
2003 A physiological profile approach to falls risk assessment and prevention.
11  pulmonary artery pressure
(65 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(23 times)
PVR (15 times)
CO (9 times)
CI (6 times)
1976 An additive effect of cold exposure and hypoxia on pulmonary artery pressure in sheep.
12  phenylpyruvic acid
(43 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
PLA (17 times)
LAB (5 times)
Phe (5 times)
1963 [DETERMINATION OF PHENYLPYRUVIC ACID (PPA) IN THE URINE OF PATIENTS WITH PHENYLPYRUVIC OLIGOPHRENIA (PHENYLKETONURIA)].
13  pipemidic acid
(38 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
NA (9 times)
NFLX (6 times)
ENX (5 times)
1978 Toxicological studies on pipemidic acid. V. Effect on diarthrodial joints of experimental animals.
14  pulse pressure amplification
(38 times)
Vascular Diseases
(22 times)
AIx (11 times)
BP (11 times)
PWV (10 times)
2005 Augmentation index, pulse pressure amplification and superoxide anion production in patients with coronary artery disease.
15  per-protocol analysis
(20 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ITT (14 times)
GITS (2 times)
AGE (1 time)
1999 Doxazosin GITS compared with doxazosin standard and placebo in patients with mild hypertension.
16  phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
EC (2 times)
SR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1978 Effect of the anorectic drug, phenylpropanolamine, on blood glucose in rats.
17  Postoperative peritoneal adhesion
(15 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
CAC (1 time)
Cry LN (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 The role of intra-peritoneal honey administration in preventing post-operative peritoneal adhesions.
18  postpartum amenorrhea
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
BF (2 times)
BFD (1 time)
BI (1 time)
1988 [Breast feeding and birth spacing in Burundi: an approach].
19  phenylpyruvate
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
PLA (5 times)
d-LDH (2 times)
HG (2 times)
2000 Measurement of phenyllactate, phenylacetate, and phenylpyruvate by negative ion chemical ionization-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in brain of mouse genetic models of phenylketonuria and non-phenylketonuria hyperphenylalaninemia.
20  peak-to-peak amplitude
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CAP (2 times)
SSEPs (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
1996 Fatigue effects on muscle excitability.
21  pterygopalatine artery
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ECA (7 times)
ICA (4 times)
ERG (3 times)
1989 Kinetic analysis of cerebrovascular transport based on indicator diffusion technique.
22  percent positive agreement
(12 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
PNA (4 times)
BC (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of agreement between conventional and liquid-based cytology in cervical cancer early detection based on analysis of 2,091 smears: experience at the Brazilian National Cancer Institute.
23  papillary predominant adenocarcinoma
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
LPA (9 times)
APA (7 times)
SPA (7 times)
2014 Histological subtypes of solitary pulmonary nodules of adenocarcinoma and their clinical relevance.
24  parapharyngeal abscess
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
RPA (4 times)
PTA (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1996 Parapharyngeal abscess in children: the role of CT for diagnosis and treatment.
25  postpartum anxiety
(11 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PPD (6 times)
EPDS (3 times)
PSAS-RSF (2 times)
2016 Neurogenesis and anxiety-like behavior in male California mice during the mate's postpartum period.
26  preproenkephalin A
(11 times)
Brain
(6 times)
POMC (2 times)
SP (2 times)
GH (1 time)
1984 Detection of the messenger RNA coding for preproenkephalin A in bovine adrenal by in situ hybridization.
27  passive peritoneal anaphylaxis
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
DSCG (3 times)
PCA (2 times)
SRS-A (2 times)
1975 Inhibition of immediate hypersensitivity reactions in the rat by disodium cromoglycate and nitroindanedione.
28  Pinellia pedatisecta agglutinin
(10 times)
Biology
(3 times)
sCAR (3 times)
AML (2 times)
ORF (2 times)
2006 Genomic cloning and characterization of a PPA gene encoding a mannose-binding lectin from Pinellia pedatisecta.
29  poly(phenylacetylene)
(10 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DXM (1 time)
HeLa (1 time)
P3HT (1 time)
2005 Thermoreversible cis-cisoidal to cis-transoidal isomerization of helical dendronized polyphenylacetylenes.
30  peripapillary chorioretinal atrophy
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
NTG (3 times)
MD (2 times)
OAG (2 times)
1997 [Parapapillary chorioretinal atrophy and parapapillary avascular area in glaucoma].
31  parotid pleomorphic adenoma
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
SP (2 times)
TP (2 times)
2002 The significance of the margin in parotid surgery for pleomorphic adenoma.
32  Primary pulmonary angiosarcoma
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
HRs (1 time)
VATS (1 time)
2007 [Primary pulmonary angiosarcoma].
33  Proximal Popliteal Artery
(8 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
SFA (8 times)
PTA (5 times)
DCB (3 times)
2010 Bare nitinol stent enabled recanalization of long-segment, chronic total occlusion of superficial femoral and adjacent proximal popliteal artery in diabetic patients presenting with critical limb ischemia.
34  paroxysmal perceptual alteration
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
APZ (2 times)
OGC (2 times)
NLP (1 time)
1991 [The syndromes of oculogyric crisis and paroxysmal perceptual alteration in chronic schizophrenic patients--a clinical inquiry into their pathophysiology].
35  peak positive acceleration
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BF (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERD (1 time)
2014 Low-frequency accelerations over-estimate impact-related shock during walking.
36  Pittsburgh pneumonia agent
(7 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CFU (1 time)
1979 Opportunistic lung infection due to "Pittsburgh Pneumonia Agent".
37  poly(phthalaldehyde)
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CARs (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2013 End group characterization of poly(phthalaldehyde): surprising discovery of a reversible, cationic macrocyclization mechanism.
38  polyphthalamide
(7 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
HDT (2 times)
BFR (1 time)
BioC (1 time)
2019 Facile Liquid-Exfoliation Process of Boron Nitride Nanosheets for Thermal Conductive Polyphthalamide Composite.
39  polypyrrole propylic acid
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
PPy (2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
bpy (1 time)
2006 Sensitive amperometric immunosensing using polypyrrolepropylic acid films for biomolecule immobilization.
40  positive predictive accuracy
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ROC (2 times)
BNP (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
1991 The effect of age on the electrophysiological and autonomic correlates of sudden death after acute myocardial infarction.
41  postpartum anemia
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
Hb (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
AUB (1 time)
2010 Efficacy and safety of ferric carboxymaltose in correcting iron-deficiency anemia: a review of randomized controlled trials across different indications.
42  potassium pyroantimonate
(7 times)
Histology
(2 times)
A.R (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
EELS (1 time)
1979 Frozen ultrathin-sections for x-ray microanalysis of rat tooth germs.
43  Protein Pathway Array
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
IPA (2 times)
NSCLC (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2012 Protein predictive signatures for lymph node metastasis of gastric cancer.
44  phenylphosphonate
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMMP (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CND (1 time)
1994 Intracellular and extracellular spaces and the direct quantification of molar intracellular concentrations of phosphorus metabolites in the isolated rat heart using 31P NMR spectroscopy and phosphonate markers.
45  Prosthetic Profile of the Amputee
(6 times)
Rehabilitation
(5 times)
PEQ (2 times)
FMA (1 time)
RNL (1 time)
1993 Prosthetic profile of people with lower extremity amputation: conception and design of a follow-up questionnaire.
46  patient-pathway analysis
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
TB (1 time)
2017 Quality Tuberculosis Care in Indonesia: Using Patient Pathway Analysis to Optimize Public-Private Collaboration.
47  Personal Projects Analysis
(5 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
GAS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2002 Perceptions of goal-directed activities of optimists and pessimists: a personal projects analysis.
48  posterior placodal area
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HH (1 time)
PTO (1 time)
2012 Apoptosis contributes to placode morphogenesis in the posterior placodal area of mice.
49  posterior probability of association
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ARIC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2011 Common variant near the endothelin receptor type A (EDNRA) gene is associated with intracranial aneurysm risk.
50  prepenetration apparatus
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AM (5 times)
2005 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi elicit a novel intracellular apparatus in Medicago truncatula root epidermal cells before infection.
51  Prescription Pricing Authority
(5 times)
Primary Health Care
(2 times)
GPs (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1984 Reducing prescribing costs through computer controlled repeat prescribing.
52  primary peritoneal adenocarcinoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
GCIG (2 times)
EDR (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
1997 Two sequential studies for primary peritoneal carcinoma: induction with weekly cisplatin followed by either cisplatin-doxorubicin-cyclophosphamide or paclitaxel-cisplatin.
53  pyrophosphate arthropathy
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
OA (5 times)
RA (4 times)
M-CSF (3 times)
1999 Changes in joint cartilage aggrecan after knee injury and in osteoarthritis.
54  Pan paniscus
(4 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
GGO (2 times)
PPY (2 times)
PTR (2 times)
1995 The immunoglobulin kappa locus of primates.
55  parental presence/absence
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
--- 2005 Parental presence versus absence in the dental operatory: a technique to manage the uncooperative child dental patient.
56  pelvic phased-array
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
DCE (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
ECE (1 time)
1994 Carcinoma of the prostate gland: MR imaging with pelvic phased-array coils versus integrated endorectal--pelvic phased-array coils.
57  phaeosphaeride A
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2015 Synthesis of natural phaeosphaeride A derivatives and an in vitro evaluation of their anti-cancer potential.
58  placental plasminogen activator
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
Fbg (1 time)
FN (1 time)
UK (1 time)
1983 The role of placental urokinase inhibitor in toxemia of pregnancy.
59  plasma-processed air
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PTW (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2019 Plasma-Treated Air and Water-Assessment of Synergistic Antimicrobial Effects for Sanitation of Food Processing Surfaces and Environment.
60  plasmid profile analysis
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
PFGE (4 times)
ACSSuT (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2000 [Relatedness of Shigella sonnei isolates from six outbreaks in Tao-Yuan area, Taiwan].
61  plateau-patella angle
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TKA (2 times)
B/P (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2014 Plateau-patella angle in evaluation of patellar height after total knee arthroplasty.
62  platelet procoagulant activity
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ACT (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1979 Isolated deficiency of platelet procoagulant activity.
63  plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy
(4 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
PPH (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
1991 Lung mast cells in plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy.
64  postpartum anestrus
(4 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2016 Relation between antioxidant status and postpartum anestrous condition in Murrah buffalo.
65  prescribed physical activity
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NME (2 times)
NSE (2 times)
NSEB (2 times)
2015 The effect of 3 different exercise approaches on neck muscle endurance, kinesiophobia, exercise compliance, and patient satisfaction in chronic whiplash.
66  propionic acidemia
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MMA (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1992 Dietary management of inborn errors of amino acid metabolism with protein-modified diets.
67  pulmonary plexogenic arteriopathy
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CHD (2 times)
iNOS (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
1993 Thrombotic lesions in primary plexogenic arteriopathy. Similar pathogenesis or complication?
68  paramedian pontine arteries
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BAD (3 times)
LSA (3 times)
DM (1 time)
2012 Treatment outcomes of tissue plasminogen activator infusion for branch atheromatous disease.
69  partially parallel acquisition
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
GRAPPA (2 times)
HASTE (1 time)
TE (1 time)
2000 A multicoil array designed for cardiac SMASH imaging.
70  Peak phrenic nerve activity
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
MAC (2 times)
CBCRs (1 time)
MORs (1 time)
1998 Dose-dependent effects of halothane on the phrenic nerve responses to acute hypoxia in vagotomized dogs.
71  peripeduncular area
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CPu (1 time)
DR (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1987 The connections of the peripeduncular area studied by retrograde and anterograde transport in the rat.
72  peroxisome proliferator-activated
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BFEO (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
FIPL (1 time)
1999 Pharmacological profiles of a novel oral antidiabetic agent, JTT-501, an isoxazolidinedione derivative.
73  phenylpropylamine
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
BN (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
1994 The measurement of beta-phenylethylamine in human plasma and rat brain.
74  phosphate-pyroantimonate
(3 times)
Histology
(1 time)
OPA (2 times)
1984 Localization of calcium in skeletal and cardiac muscle.
75  phosphopantothenic acid
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CoA (2 times)
MDR (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1976 Phosphopantothenic acid--the major product of pantothenic acid accumulation and a significant growth stimulatn in Lactobacillus plantarum.
76  phosphoric acid
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PPc (2 times)
ABCB (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2019 Enamel Etching for Universal Adhesives: Examination of Enamel Etching Protocols for Optimization of Bonding Effectiveness.
77  physical activity prescription
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
WAD (3 times)
HRQoL (1 time)
NSE (1 time)
2018 The effect of three exercise approaches on health-related quality of life, and factors associated with its improvement in chronic whiplash-associated disorders: analysis of a randomized controlled trial.
78  plasmonic perfect absorber
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LSPR (1 time)
SNRR (1 time)
TE (1 time)
2018 Quad-Band Plasmonic Perfect Absorber for Visible Light with a Patchwork of Silicon Nanorod Resonators.
79  platelet prostaglandin agonist
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
AA (1 time)
COX-1 (1 time)
2002 A new method for measuring inhibition of platelet function by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
80  polyphosphoramidate
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
PPEI (1 time)
ROP (1 time)
2007 PEG-b-PPA/DNA micelles improve transgene expression in rat liver through intrabiliary infusion.
81  posterior parietal area
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
rCBF (2 times)
BOLD (1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
1996 Changes in rCBF during grasping in humans examined by PET.
82  posterior plane
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
SPA (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
APA (1 time)
2017 Upper Airway Changes After Mandibular Setback and/or Advancement Genioplasty in Obese Patients.
83  Preprescription authorisation
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
DOT (2 times)
PPRF (2 times)
AMSP (1 time)
2016 What Is the More Effective Antibiotic Stewardship Intervention: Preprescription Authorization or Postprescription Review With Feedback?
84  prescription of physical activity
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
NSE (3 times)
WAD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 The effect of neck-specific exercise with, or without a behavioral approach, on pain, disability, and self-efficacy in chronic whiplash-associated disorders: a randomized clinical trial.
85  primitive path analysis
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
--- 2006 Effect of equilibration on primitive path analyses of entangled polymers.
86  princeps pollicis artery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PPDA (1 time)
RI (1 time)
2015 Anatomical Study of the Princeps Pollicis Artery Perforator Flap.
87  Principal Polynomial Analysis
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PCA (2 times)
CR (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2014 Principal polynomial analysis.
88  propanoic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ASD (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2016 Resveratrol suppresses neuroinflammation in the experimental paradigm of autism spectrum disorders.
89  3-phenyl-2-propen-1-amine
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
LEDs (2 times)
DDAB (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2018 Charge Transport between Coupling Colloidal Perovskite Quantum Dots Assisted by Functional Conjugated Ligands.
90  5-phenyl-4-pentenyl-alcohol
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PPHP (2 times)
HRP (1 time)
1985 Enzymatic reduction of 5-phenyl-4-pentenyl-hydroperoxide: detection of peroxidases and identification of peroxidase reducing substrates.
91  N-phosphopyridoxyl-alpha-aminoadipate
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AAA-AT (2 times)
KAT II (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
2008 Mechanism for multiple-substrates recognition of alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase from Thermus thermophilus.
92  omega-phenyl-pentadecanoic acid
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
1,2-Pal (1 time)
1983 Preparation and purification of omega-(p-123I-iodophenyl)-pentadecanoic acid.
93  PA, 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-propionic acid
(2 times)
Bone and Bones
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
PAs (1 time)
2019 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-Propionic Acid (PPA) Suppresses Osteoblastic Cell Senescence to Promote Bone Accretion in Mice.
94  pace polarization artefacts
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 2004 Understanding capture detection.
95  pancreatic parenchyma atrophy
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
MPD (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2019 Carcinoma in situ of the pancreas with pancreatic duct stricture persistent for 4years diagnosed by serial pancreatic juice aspiration cytologic examination (SPACE).
96  papillary predominant
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
APA (2 times)
IMA (2 times)
LPA (2 times)
2014 Close association of IASLC/ATS/ERS lung adenocarcinoma subtypes with glucose-uptake in positron emission tomography.
97  parahippocampal gyrus
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
RSC (1 time)
TOS (1 time)
2008 Neural markers of a greater female responsiveness to social stimuli.
98  patient-provider agreement
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CDC (1 time)
CNCP (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2017 A multicentre evaluation of an opioid patient-provider agreement.
99  peak phrenic activity
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AP5 (1 time)
KF (1 time)
NBQX (1 time)
2015 Activation of 5-HT1A receptors in the preBotzinger region has little impact on the respiratory pattern.
100  Pediatric Pharmacy Association
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
PGY1 (1 time)
PGY2 (1 time)
2020 Medication Use in Schools.