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Abbreviation: PPD
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Long forms: 352

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
purified protein derivative
(1805 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(724 times)
TB (258 times)
BCG (209 times)
PHA (149 times)
1957 Induced immediated hypersensitivity to purified protein derivative tuberculin (PPD).
postpartum depression
(790 times)
Psychiatry
(195 times)
EPDS (177 times)
CI (30 times)
OR (25 times)
1984 Postpartum depression.
probing pocket depth
(709 times)
Dentistry
(482 times)
CAL (311 times)
BOP (220 times)
PI (170 times)
0 The efficacy of interventions to treat peri-implantitis: a Cochrane systematic review of randomised controlled clinical trials.
p-phenylenediamine
(436 times)
Dermatology
(171 times)
ACD (14 times)
BB (9 times)
PTD (9 times)
1961 [The p-phenylenediamine (PPD)-oxidase test as a laboratory method for the diagnosis of hyperthyreosis].
pocket probing depth
(127 times)
Dentistry
(102 times)
CAL (48 times)
BOP (46 times)
PI (25 times)
1990 An association between long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy and the severity of periodontal disease.
periodontal probing depth
(121 times)
Dentistry
(80 times)
CAL (57 times)
BOP (46 times)
PI (22 times)
1993 Postoperative bleeding tendency as a risk factor in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans-associated periodontitis.
paired-pulse depression
(92 times)
Neurology
(58 times)
PPF (21 times)
IPSCs (11 times)
EPSCs (10 times)
1992 [Observation of paired-pulse depression in CA1 region of hippocampal slices from coriaria lactone-kindled rats].
protopanaxadiol
(72 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
PPT (33 times)
CK (8 times)
UGT (3 times)
1991 Mechanism of action of ginsenoside Rh2: uptake and metabolism of ginsenoside Rh2 by cultured B16 melanoma cells.
20(S)-protopanaxadiol
(68 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
PPT (11 times)
AUC (3 times)
CK (3 times)
2005 High performance liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of ginsenoside Rg3 and its metabolites in rat plasma using solid-phase extraction for pharmacokinetic studies.
10  preprodynorphin
(57 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
PPE (29 times)
EA (5 times)
NAc (5 times)
1991 Localization and ontogeny of cells expressing preprodynorphin mRNA in the rat cerebral cortex.
11  proximal pars distalis
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(26 times)
RPD (30 times)
PI (23 times)
GH (14 times)
1976 Changes in the cells of the adenohypophysis associated with the diadromous migration of the threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus L.
12  purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
(43 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(27 times)
DTH (6 times)
PBMC (6 times)
BCG (5 times)
1976 The status of tuberculin skin testing at the Pahlavi University Medical Centre.
13  postpartum day
(38 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
GD (6 times)
MPOA (5 times)
OT (3 times)
1981 Effects of ergocryptine on plasma prolactin, luteinizing hormone, and progesterone in the periparturient sow.
14  pigmented purpuric dermatosis
(33 times)
Dermatology
(23 times)
GPPD (3 times)
MF (2 times)
PLC (2 times)
1999 Pigmented purpuric dermatosis in a young male.
15  Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia
(32 times)
Genetics, Medical
(9 times)
WISP3 (7 times)
PCR (3 times)
JRA (2 times)
1998 Genetic linkage of progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia to a 3-cM interval of chromosome 6q22.
16  preaxial polydactyly
(29 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
Shh (9 times)
ZRS (6 times)
qPCR (3 times)
2000 A novel candidate gene for mouse and human preaxial polydactyly with altered expression in limbs of Hemimelic extra-toes mutant mice.
17  protein purified derivative
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
BCG (2 times)
bTB (2 times)
Ag (1 time)
1974 Inhibition of leucocyte migration in man by the agarose plate technique using protein purified derivatives (PPD) from three different sources.
18  pads per day
(21 times)
Urology
(14 times)
SUI (6 times)
RARP (4 times)
AUS (3 times)
1997 Exposure of Puerto Rican children to environmental tobacco smoke.
19  postharvest physiological deterioration
(19 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ROS (4 times)
APX (2 times)
ORI (2 times)
2000 Hydrogen peroxide and flavan-3-ols in storage roots of cassava (Manihot esculenta crantz) during postharvest deterioration.
20  paranoid personality disorder
(18 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
SPD (3 times)
PDs (2 times)
APD (1 time)
1997 The comorbidity of alcoholism and personality disorders in a clinical population: prevalence rates and relation to alcohol typology variables.
21  peri-implant probing depth
(18 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
BOP (8 times)
PI (4 times)
VAS (4 times)
2003 Simultaneous or staged installation with guided bone augmentation of transmucosal titanium implants. A 3-year prospective cohort study.
22  Perianal Paget's disease
(17 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
EMPD (6 times)
WLE (2 times)
APR (1 time)
1997 Long-term outcome of patients with perianal Paget's disease.
23  persistent pigment darkening
(16 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
UVA-PF (5 times)
SPF (4 times)
UV (4 times)
2000 Accumulated p53 protein and UVA protection level of sunscreens.
24  probing depth
(16 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
BOP (6 times)
CAL (5 times)
GCF (3 times)
1996 A 2-year longitudinal study of elastase in human gingival crevicular fluid and periodontal attachment loss.
25  Personal and Professional Development
(14 times)
Education
(9 times)
CYP (1 time)
DPHS (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2003 Assessing students' personal and professional development using portfolios and interviews.
26  phenylpropanedione
(12 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CQ (11 times)
DC (5 times)
DSC (3 times)
2005 Molar extinction coefficients and the photon absorption efficiency of dental photoinitiators and light curing units.
27  protracted phonological development
(12 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(12 times)
TD (8 times)
WI (5 times)
MSWs (2 times)
2013 Comparing phonology of dyads of children with typical development and protracted development.
28  primary peritoneal drainage
(11 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
NEC (9 times)
LAP (2 times)
PL (2 times)
1988 Peritoneal drainage for necrotizing enterocolitis.
29  1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione
(10 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CQ (5 times)
CEMA (2 times)
DC (2 times)
1999 Development of a new photoinitiation system for dental light-cure composite resins.
30  posterior polymorphous dystrophy
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
CHED (2 times)
ICE (2 times)
EIA (1 time)
1988 Comparison between posterior polymorphous dystrophy and congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy of the cornea.
31  peak particle diameter
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
LDL (5 times)
apo (2 times)
TG (2 times)
1997 Small, dense low-density lipoprotein particles as a predictor of the risk of ischemic heart disease in men. Prospective results from the Quebec Cardiovascular Study.
32  pocket depths
(8 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
EMD (5 times)
GTR (5 times)
PAL (5 times)
1993 Comparative estimation of periodontal conditions by means of different index systems.
33  1,2-propanediol
(7 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
2CPD (1 time)
3CPD (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1986 Acetone metabolism in humans during diabetic ketoacidosis.
34  posterior probability density
(7 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
FGS (2 times)
GS (1 time)
NAB (1 time)
2002 Quantifying uncertainty in geoacoustic inversion. I. A fast Gibbs sampler approach.
35  Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PMV (7 times)
WBGT (2 times)
DI (1 time)
2012 Examination of thermal comfort in a hospital using PMV-PPD model.
36  Pacheco's parrot disease
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PsHV (1 time)
PsHV1 (1 time)
PsiHV2 (1 time)
1993 An outbreak of Pacheco's parrot disease in a psittacine bird collection and an attempt to control it by vaccination.
37  peak pupil dilation
(6 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
GCA (2 times)
SNR (2 times)
SNRs (2 times)
2017 Impact of stimulus-related factors and hearing impairment on listening effort as indicated by pupil dilation.
38  photoperiod
(6 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
Vrn (2 times)
372CC (1 time)
BSG (1 time)
2013 Rht-1 and Ppd-D1 associations with height, GA sensitivity, and days to heading in a worldwide bread wheat collection.
39  Phytophotodermatitis
(6 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
ICD (1 time)
2005 Experimental phytophotodermatitis.
40  population pharmacodynamic
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CHB (1 time)
E max (1 time)
FOCE-INTER (1 time)
2011 Race differences: modeling the pharmacodynamics of rosuvastatin in Western and Asian hypercholesterolemia patients.
41  PEAPOD
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
bio (1 time)
Cas9 (1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
2006 PEAPOD regulates lamina size and curvature in Arabidopsis.
42  phenylphosphorodiamidate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AHA (2 times)
DTDP (1 time)
DTNB (1 time)
1991 Reactivity of the essential thiol of Klebsiella aerogenes urease. Effect of pH and ligands on thiol modification.
43  post-psychotic depression
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CDSS (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
1993 Post-psychotic depression in schizophrenia.
44  prenatally protein-deprived
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ADH (1 time)
AIB (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1976 Lipid absorption in the young of protein-deficient rats.
45  preferred place of death
(4 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2011 Opinions of patients with cancer on the relative importance of place of death in the context of a 'good death'.
46  primary psychotic disorders
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
PRISM-IV (2 times)
bvFTD (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2011 A comparison of the symptoms and short-term clinical course in inpatients with substance-induced psychosis and primary psychosis.
47  protein-purified derivate tuberculin
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
BHL (1 time)
bTB (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1982 Hypersensitivity to human brain S-100 protein in chronic alcoholics.
48  psychogenic polydipsia
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CBT (1 time)
DM (1 time)
SSB (1 time)
1991 The successful treatment of psychogenic polydipsia and water intoxication with propanolol. A case report.
49  panaxadiol-type ginsenosides
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PPT (3 times)
CK (1 time)
UHPLC (1 time)
2007 Purification and characterization of new special ginsenosidase hydrolyzing multi-glycisides of protopanaxadiol ginsenosides, ginsenosidase type I.
50  PAZ/PIWI domain
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
RISCs (1 time)
sRNAs (1 time)
Twis (1 time)
2004 Characterization of the interactions between mammalian PAZ PIWI domain proteins and Dicer.
51  permanent partial disability
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
TTD (2 times)
1980 [Legal disability rates for sequelae of hepatic injuries. 75 cases (author's transl)].
52  personal protective devices
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
GOT (1 time)
GPT (1 time)
1990 Adaptation to discomfort in personal protective devices: an example with safety helmets.
53  persons with Parkinson's disease
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PWS (2 times)
PD (1 time)
2013 Verbal implicit sequence learning in persons who stutter and persons with Parkinson's disease.
54  pervasive developmental disorder
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
DHH (1 time)
1998 Understanding the continuum of discrete-trial traditional behavioral to social-pragmatic developmental approaches in communication enhancement for young children with autism/PDD.
55  Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BALF (3 times)
Ig (2 times)
CPPD (1 time)
2012 Attenuation of airway hyperreactivity and T helper cell type 2 responses by coumarins from Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn in a murine model of allergic airway inflammation.
56  photoparoxysmal discharges
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IPS (1 time)
SW (1 time)
1988 Electroencephalographic manifestations of grand mal epilepsy in Africans: observation of relative rarity of interictal abnormalities.
57  Plant population density
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
NUE (2 times)
NRE (1 time)
PFPN (1 time)
2008 Parameter optimization and field validation of the functional-structural model GREENLAB for maize at different population densities.
58  polyanion-polymer/detergent
(3 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
PEGME (3 times)
HDL-C (2 times)
CETP (1 time)
1997 Evaluation of two homogeneous methods for measuring high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
59  posterior pancreaticoduodenal
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
APD (3 times)
SM (2 times)
CH (1 time)
1997 Practical grouping of positive lymph nodes in pancreatic head cancer treated by an extended pancreatectomy.
60  postpartum depression disorder
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
EPDS-T (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
MINI (1 time)
2005 Screening postpartum depression with the Taiwanese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale.
61  pour point depressant
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AW (1 time)
EP (1 time)
EVA (1 time)
2008 Theoretical study of the prohibited mechanism for ethylene/vinyl acetate co-polymers to the wax crystal growth.
62  precursor preprodynorphin
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DREAM (1 time)
EAS (1 time)
VGLUT2 (1 time)
2008 Distinct responses of DREAM to electroacupuncture stimulation with different frequencies during physiological and inflammatory conditions in rats.
63  primary progressive dementia
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AD (3 times)
APOE (1 time)
RRi (1 time)
1994 Patterns of risk in first-degree relatives of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
64  Protein-protein docking
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IPPD (1 time)
2012 On the use of distance constraints in protein-protein docking computations.
65  pseudopregnant day
(3 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
GD (2 times)
DBTCl (1 time)
TBTCl (1 time)
1999 Suppression of uterine decidualization as a cause of implantation failure induced by triphenyltin chloride in rats.
66  pseudoprotodioscin
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ERs (1 time)
GATA2 (1 time)
GILZ (1 time)
2010 Estrogen receptor mediates the effects of pseudoprotodiocsin on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells.
67  Pulsed Plasma Deposition
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
EFM (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
2000 Enhancing hepatocyte adhesion by pulsed plasma deposition and polyethylene glycol coupling.
68  2-phenylpyrrolidine
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PY (1 time)
2009 A spectroscopic study of nicotine analogue 2-phenylpyrrolidine (PPD) using resonant two-photon ionization (R2PI), microwave, and 2D NMR techniques.
69  20(S)-protopanaxadiol-aglycone
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
AR-Vs (2 times)
2013 20(S)-protopanaxadiol-aglycone downregulation of the full-length and splice variants of androgen receptor.
70  p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
2,4-DAT (1 time)
COP (1 time)
JaCVAM (1 time)
1991 Studies on three structurally related phenylenediamines with the mouse micronucleus assay system.
71  Pancreas-preserving duodenectomy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
LOS (1 time)
1998 Gastric function after pylorus-preserving duodenectomy in dogs.
72  PAPalpha/gamma-mediated decay
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
KSHV (1 time)
ncRNAs (1 time)
2015 Canonical Poly(A) Polymerase Activity Promotes the Decay of a Wide Variety of Mammalian Nuclear RNAs.
73  parental problem drinking
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
IA (1 time)
2012 Gender differences in associations between parental problem drinking and early adolescents' internet addiction.
74  partial pancreatoduodenectomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ELA (1 time)
PPPD (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2002 Morbidity and mortality associated with pancreatogastrostomy and pancreatojejunostomy following partial pancreatoduodenectomy.
75  PEG-peptide-DOPE
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MEND (2 times)
MMP (2 times)
EPR (1 time)
2009 A pH-sensitive fusogenic peptide facilitates endosomal escape and greatly enhances the gene silencing of siRNA-containing nanoparticles in vitro and in vivo.
76  PEG/peptide/DOPE ternary conjugate
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
MMP (2 times)
CIDIQ (1 time)
MEND (1 time)
2007 [Development of a novel systemic gene delivery system for cancer therapy with a tumor-specific cleavable PEG-lipid].
77  Pentyl PABC-Doxaz
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Dox (2 times)
CES2 (1 time)
hiCE (1 time)
2008 Identification of human intestinal carboxylesterase as the primary enzyme for activation of a doxazolidine carbamate prodrug.
78  peptides, preprodynorphin
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
PPE (2 times)
1994 Acute and chronic cocaine administration differentially alters striatal opioid and nuclear transcription factor mRNAs.
79  per patient day
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CDSS (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
HQRP (1 time)
2000 Nurse managers' use of a computer decision support system. Differences in nursing labor costs per patient day.
80  percentage of decrease in permeability
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
OPT (1 time)
SB1 (1 time)
SYN (1 time)
2000 Analysis of sealing vs tensile bond strength of eight adhesive restorative material systems.
81  percentage point difference
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DEV (1 time)
IMCP (1 time)
PHQ-9 (1 time)
2013 Patient engagement programs for recognition and initial treatment of depression in primary care: a randomized trial.
82  percentage power distribution
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
EGG (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2016 Diabetic gastroparesis alters the biomagnetic signature of the gastric slow wave.
83  peripapillary diverticulum
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ERCP (2 times)
1990 [Low opening of the cystic duct and parapapillary diverticula--a new syndrome?].
84  persistent perfusion defects
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1988 Incidence and prognostic significance of asymptomatic ischaemia in patients with sustained ventricular arrhythmias.
85  persisting posttraumatic distress
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
HMS (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
THS (1 time)
2011 Development and validation of a brief self-report measure of trauma exposure: the Trauma History Screen.
86  Personal Portable Devices
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
SGSN (1 time)
2009 Portable devices, sensors and networks: wireless personalized eHealth services.
87  pheophorbidase
(2 times)
Photochemistry
(1 time)
PyroPheid (2 times)
GST (1 time)
2006 Characterization and cloning of the chlorophyll-degrading enzyme pheophorbidase from cotyledons of radish.
88  photon path distribution
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Photon path distribution and optical responses of turbid media: theoretical analysis based on the microscopic Beer-Lambert law.
89  photopic pupil diameter
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2009 Distribution of photopic pupil diameter in the Tehran eye study.
90  pinned photodiode
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
BSI (1 time)
CISs (1 time)
FSI (1 time)
2017 Proton Radiation Effects on Dark Signal Distribution of PPD CMOS Image Sensors: Both TID and DDD Effects.
91  Plasma Proteome Database
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HUPO's (1 time)
2010 Mining of serum glycoproteins by an indirect approach using cell line secretome.
92  polarized photometric detector
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1997 Optimization of a polarized photometric detector equipped with a split-type flow cell and its analytical application to oligo-saccharides.
93  poly(omega-pentadecalactone)
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CIE (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2011 One-way and reversible dual-shape effect of polymer networks based on polypentadecalactone segments.
94  poly(p-dioxanone)
(2 times)
Regenerative Medicine
(1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
PLLA (1 time)
2003 Bioreabsorbable polymer scaffold as temporary meniscal prosthesis.
95  polyproline domain
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2016 Progesterone receptor (PR) polyproline domain (PPD) mediates inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling in non-small cell lung cancer cells.
96  posterior pituitary denervation
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
CRH (1 time)
1995 Marked changes of arginine vasopressin, oxytocin, and corticotropin-releasing hormone in hypophysial portal plasma after pituitary stalk damage in the rat.
97  posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
Array-CGH (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
1994 Multirecurrence of corneal posterior polymorphous dystrophy. An ultrastructural study.
98  posterior probability distribution
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
EnKF (1 time)
PF (1 time)
SSP (1 time)
2013 Tracking of time-evolving sound speed profiles in shallow water using an ensemble Kalman-particle filter.
99  postoperative peritoneal dissemination
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRC (1 time)
ETNI (1 time)
MIPD (1 time)
2001 Extra-tumor perineural invasion predicts postoperative development of peritoneal dissemination in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
100  Postoperative pulmonary dysfunction
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2015 Postoperative pulmonary dysfunction and mechanical ventilation in cardiac surgery.