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Abbreviation: PPE
Appearance Frequency: 2223 time(s)
Long forms: 310

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
personal protective equipment
(747 times)
Occupational Medicine
(170 times)
HCWs (45 times)
EVD (31 times)
HCW (20 times)
0 Effect of Different Instructional Methods on Contamination and Personal Protective Equipment Protocol Adherence among Veterinary Students.
porcine pancreatic elastase
(215 times)
Biochemistry
(52 times)
HNE (33 times)
HLE (27 times)
COPD (21 times)
1984 The role of nicotine in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema.
preproenkephalin
(186 times)
Neurology
(96 times)
PPT (32 times)
PPD (30 times)
DA (17 times)
1988 Identification of a human glial fibrillary acidic protein cDNA: a tool for the molecular analysis of reactive gliosis in the mammalian central nervous system.
palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia
(96 times)
Neoplasms
(64 times)
PLD (35 times)
OS (9 times)
PFS (8 times)
1990 Pyridoxine therapy for palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia associated with continuous 5-fluorouracil infusion.
preparticipation evaluation
(47 times)
Sports Medicine
(27 times)
ECG (8 times)
NCAA (3 times)
AHA (2 times)
1991 The preparticipation evaluation.
parapneumonic effusion
(46 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
CPPE (6 times)
TPE (6 times)
ADA (5 times)
2000 Role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the differential diagnosis of parapneumonic effusion.
preparticipation physical evaluation
(44 times)
Sports Medicine
(19 times)
ECG (7 times)
SCD (5 times)
AHA (3 times)
1995 Pre-participation examination: a new form for Hawaii.
plasma protein extravasation
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
CGRP (8 times)
SP (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1984 Mononuclear cell accumulation and plasma protein extravasation (PPE) during induction, remission and re-challenge of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in the rat.
pomegranate peel extract
(36 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
MDA (3 times)
VEGF (3 times)
CH (2 times)
2007 Pomegranate peel extract prevents liver fibrosis in biliary-obstructed rats.
10  poly(phenylene ethynylene)
(30 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
CPEs (7 times)
OPEs (3 times)
PPV (3 times)
2003 Capture and detection of a quencher labeled oligonucleotide by poly(phenylene ethynylene) particles.
11  porcine proliferative enteropathy
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
LI (3 times)
PCR (3 times)
IFA (2 times)
1992 Experimental reproduction of porcine proliferative enteritis.
12  Pruritic papular eruption
(23 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
HIV (7 times)
EF (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1992 UVB phototherapy of the pruritic papular eruption of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
13  proline-proline-glutamic acid
(22 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
PE (10 times)
Mtb (5 times)
MAP (3 times)
2009 The PPE18 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis interacts with TLR2 and activates IL-10 induction in macrophage.
14  parapneumonic pleural effusion
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
PE (4 times)
ROC (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
2002 Pleural-fluid myeloperoxidase in complicated and noncomplicated parapneumonic pleural effusions.
15  peer physical examination
(19 times)
Education
(12 times)
EFS (4 times)
AT (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
2004 Exploring medical students' attitudes towards peer physical examination.
16  postpneumonectomy empyema
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
BPF (7 times)
OWT (3 times)
VATS (2 times)
1994 Post-pneumonectomy empyema.
17  porcine placental extract
(16 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
HA (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
2001 Role of anti-Gal alpha13Gal and anti-platelet antibodies in hyperacute rejection of pig lung by human blood.
18  primary premature ejaculation
(16 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(10 times)
IELT (7 times)
PSSR (3 times)
BCR (2 times)
1989 Premature ejaculation: clinical subgroups and etiology.
19  percentage of parasitized erythrocytes
(15 times)
Parasitology
(6 times)
PCV (3 times)
DMSO (2 times)
ITS (2 times)
1993 Effect of 4-bromo-calcium ionophore A23187 on release of Anaplasma marginale from bovine erythrocytes in vitro.
20  porous polyethylene
(15 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
BG (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
1999 Vertical chin augmentation with interpositional porous polyethylene implants: a histologic study in monkeys.
21  polyphosphoester
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
NGCs (2 times)
DLS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2001 A new nerve guide conduit material composed of a biodegradable poly(phosphoester).
22  pachychoroid pigment epitheliopathy
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
CSC (6 times)
UCP (4 times)
PNV (2 times)
2017 Pachychoroid neovasculopathy: aspect on optical coherence tomography angiography.
23  pooled prevalence estimate
(11 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
PRISMA (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CHA (1 time)
2015 The prevalence of the extensor indicis tendon and its variants: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
24  preplacodal ectoderm
(11 times)
Embryology
(6 times)
BMP (3 times)
CNC (1 time)
CNGA (1 time)
2004 Six1 promotes a placodal fate within the lateral neurogenic ectoderm by functioning as both a transcriptional activator and repressor.
25  perceived phonatory effort
(10 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
PTP (8 times)
IS (2 times)
CPP (1 time)
2003 Do vocal warm-up exercises alleviate vocal fatigue?
26  polyphenolic extract
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HFHS (2 times)
CD36 (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2007 Antitumor activity of polyphenolic extract of Ichnocarpus frutescens.
27  posterior pelvic exenteration
(9 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
TPE (5 times)
APE (2 times)
APR (1 time)
1991 [Posterior pelvic exenteration in the treatment of extraperitoneal rectal cancer in females].
28  pancreatic porcine elastase
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1991 Human aortic elastin from normal individuals and atherosclerotic patients: lipid and cation contents; susceptibility to elastolysis.
29  postpartum estrus
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
HIE (1 time)
LE (1 time)
1984 Postpartum and lactational estrus: a comparative analysis in rodentia.
30  Professional Practice Environment
(8 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
CCUs (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
PPWEI (1 time)
2004 Development and psychometric evaluation of the Professional Practice Environment (PPE) scale.
31  parapneumonic empyema
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CAP (2 times)
MRSA (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Molecular analysis improves pathogen identification and epidemiologic study of pediatric parapneumonic empyema.
32  pediatric parapneumonic empyema
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
IPD (1 time)
OPAT (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2008 Pediatric parapneumonic empyema, Spain.
33  proline-proline-glutamate
(7 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
PE (4 times)
Mtb (3 times)
CSF (1 time)
2006 Mycobacterium tuberculosis SigM positively regulates Esx secreted protein and nonribosomal peptide synthetase genes and down regulates virulence-associated surface lipid synthesis.
34  push-pull effect
(7 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(5 times)
PPM (2 times)
USAF (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1998 Frequency of the "push-pull effect" in U.S. Air Force fighter operations.
35  photopyroelectric
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
ASC (1 time)
HexB-SmA (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
2005 Static and dynamic thermal quantities near the consolute point of the binary liquid mixture aniline-cyclohexane studied with a photopyroelectric technique and adiabatic scanning calorimetry.
36  porcine pancreatic extracts
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DGL (2 times)
HPJ (2 times)
BPT (1 time)
2002 Alpha amylase is a major allergenic component in occupational asthma patients caused by porcine pancreatic extract.
37  postpartum endometritis
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
IAI (3 times)
AI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1988 Postpartum endometritis. Pathophysiology and prevention.
38  probability of paternity exclusion
(6 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
DP (5 times)
PIC (4 times)
STR (2 times)
2000 [Genescan for STR analysis and genetic distribution in a population sample from Han, China].
39  proenkephalin
(6 times)
Brain
(3 times)
NAC (2 times)
PVN (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1988 Similar time course changes in striatal levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase and proenkephalin mRNA following dopaminergic deafferentation in the rat.
40  professional practice evaluation
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CME (2 times)
AFCOR (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
2007 [Evaluation of Best Practices in the improvement and quality of care: seven notions for better understanding].
41  perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ANS (1 time)
NOSE (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2008 Are Cross-hatching Incisions Mandatory for Correction of Cartilaginous Septal Deviation?
42  phenethyl phenyl ether
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
alpha-hydroxy PPE (1 time)
BDEs (1 time)
2008 Computational prediction of alpha/beta selectivities in the pyrolysis of oxygen-substituted phenethyl phenyl ethers.
43  porcine pulmonary edema
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
ELEM (2 times)
FB1 (2 times)
1994 Methods for Detection and Quantitation of Fumonisins in Corn, Cereal Products and Animal Excreta.
44  postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ANP (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
FFP (1 time)
1993 Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema. A retrospective analysis of associated variables.
45  pre-mRNA processing enhancer
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CJE (1 time)
CTE (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
1998 Pre-mRNA processing enhancer (PPE) element increases the expression of an intronless thymidylate synthase gene but does not affect intron-dependent S phase regulation.
46  pressure Poisson equation
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CFD (2 times)
PIV (1 time)
SPH (1 time)
1994 Determining cardiac velocity fields and intraventricular pressure distribution from a sequence of ultrafast CT cardiac images.
47  prorenin processing enzyme
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AcMNPV (1 time)
CTSB (1 time)
IQF (1 time)
1995 Role of cathepsin B as prorenin processing enzyme in human kidney.
48  papular pruritic eruption
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
2010 Antihistamines are superior to topical steroids in managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated papular pruritic eruption.
49  peanut protein extract
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
EPIT (3 times)
CT (1 time)
EGIDs (1 time)
2005 CTLA-4 signaling regulates the intensity of hypersensitivity responses to food antigens, but is not decisive in the induction of sensitization.
50  peritoneal protein excretion
(4 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
APD (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2010 Peritoneal protein transport during the baseline peritoneal equilibration test is an accurate predictor of the outcome of peritoneal dialysis patients.
51  Photosynthetic picoeukaryotes
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CCS (1 time)
FTP (1 time)
NPSG (1 time)
2009 Groups without cultured representatives dominate eukaryotic picophytoplankton in the oligotrophic South East Pacific Ocean.
52  plasma-polymerized ethylene
(4 times)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
1979 Bioevaluation of plasma polymerized films in skeletal muscle.
53  polyphenon E
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EGCG (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
2007 Inhibition of intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(min/+) mice by green tea polyphenols (polyphenon E) and individual catechins.
54  polyphosphate ester
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMAP (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
1999 Tuning Stereoselection in Tethered Biginelli Condensations. Synthesis of cis- or trans-1-Oxo- and 1-Iminohexahydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidines.
55  pomegranate peel
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AOPP (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
HF/HS (1 time)
2013 Pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel extract provides protection against mercuric chloride-induced oxidative stress in Wistar strain rats.
56  posterior pituitary
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CIGHD (2 times)
GHD (2 times)
1993 Modern imaging techniques in GH secretory disorders.
57  protein precipitation extraction
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
LLE (2 times)
LLOQ (2 times)
ESI (1 time)
2012 Development and optimization of simplified LC-MS/MS quantification of 25-hydroxyvitamin D using protein precipitation combined with on-line solid phase extraction (SPE).
58  push-and-pull enteroscopy
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
APC (1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Push-and-pull enteroscopy in the small bowel using the double-balloon technique: results of a prospective European multicenter study.
59  palmar plantar erythema
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CTC (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2003 Analysis of the time course and prognostic factors determining toxicity due to infused fluorouracil.
60  paralytic pontine exotropia
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NPPE (2 times)
MLF (1 time)
WEBINO (1 time)
1991 [A case of brainstem infarction presenting with paralytic pontine exotropia and non-paralytic pontine exotropia].
61  partially purified extract
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
2012 Characterization of an anti-listerial enterocin from wheat silage based Enterococcus faecium.
62  personal protective ensemble
(3 times)
Occupational Therapy
(1 time)
SCBA (2 times)
FFs (1 time)
max (1 time)
2006 Effects of the self-contained breathing apparatus and fire protective clothing on maximal oxygen uptake.
63  Pigeon protozoal encephalitis
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
IFN (1 time)
IL (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2013 Modulation of the host Th1 immune response in pigeon protozoal encephalitis caused by Sarcocystis calchasi.
64  planar polarity effector
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PCP (2 times)
CPLANE (1 time)
fz (1 time)
2004 Inturned localizes to the proximal side of wing cells under the instruction of upstream planar polarity proteins.
65  poly(phenylene ether)
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
EVA (1 time)
PGC (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2008 Effect of silica nanoparticles on reinforcement of poly(phenylene ether) based thermoplastic elastomer.
66  practical participatory evaluation
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
--- 2011 A mixed method study of propensity for participatory evaluation.
67  preparticipation exams
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2008 Use of natriuretic peptides in pre-participation screening of college athletes.
68  purple potato extract
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2006 Hepatoprotective effects of purple potato extract against D-galactosamine-induced liver injury in rats.
69  P. pseudocaryophyllus ethanolic extract
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2013 Efficacy of topical formulations containing Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus extract against UVB-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in hairless mice.
70  painful and provocative events
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IPTS (1 time)
2019 An Investigation into the Acquired Capability for Suicide.
71  panel performance evaluation
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1983 Impact of peer performance-evaluation on job satisfaction.
72  Papillary proliferation of the endometrium
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
CPH (1 time)
2013 Papillary proliferation of the endometrium: a clinicopathologic study of 59 cases of simple and complex papillae without cytologic atypia.
73  parallel plate-electrodes
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FOM (1 time)
IDE (1 time)
IDEs (1 time)
2005 Design and analysis of a PZT-based micromachined acoustic sensor with increased sensitivity.
74  parapneumonic
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2014 A novel biomarker in the diagnosis of parapneumonic effusion: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin.
75  parapneumonic pneumococcal empyema
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IPD (2 times)
BP (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2013 Expansion of serotype coverage in the universal pediatric vaccination calendar: short-term effects on age- and serotype-dependent incidence of invasive pneumococcal clinical presentations in Madrid, Spain.
76  partial punishment effect
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1986 Amphetamine does not affect the partial punishment effect (PPE).
77  penopubic
(2 times)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2018 Anatomic findings associated with epispadias in boys: Implications for surgical management and urinary continence.
78  pentose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
LHCII (1 time)
1992 The Calvin cycle enzyme pentose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase is encoded within the cfx operons of the chemoautotroph Alcaligenes eutrophus.
79  perceived physical environment
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
ERI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2014 Prevalence and associated factors of depressive symptoms among Chinese underground coal miners.
80  percent perseverative errors
(2 times)
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AGA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2008 Adult normative data of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Taiwan.
81  Periportal edema
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ISS (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
pPPE (1 time)
2011 Periportal edema in trauma patients: correlation with trauma severity.
82  permeability pulmonary edema
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HPE (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CXRs (1 time)
1986 Rebreathing lung tissue volume of sheep with normal and edematous lungs.
83  plasma protein electrophoresis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
SAA (1 time)
THECs (1 time)
2008 Influence of age and foaling on plasma protein electrophoresis and serum amyloid A and their possible role as markers of equine neonatal septicaemia.
84  Pohar-Perme estimator
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2013 Cancer net survival on registry data: use of the new unbiased Pohar-Perme estimator and magnitude of the bias with the classical methods.
85  polyphosphate
(2 times)
Chemistry, Organic
(2 times)
2-ABA (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
PPSE (1 time)
2016 Microwave-assisted cyclizations promoted by polyphosphoric acid esters: a general method for 1-aryl-2-iminoazacycloalkanes.
86  porcine pituitary extract
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
EGF (1 time)
FTSG (1 time)
HPDWHF (1 time)
1995 Human keratinocyte culture using porcine pituitary extract in serum-free medium.
87  positive practice environments
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Evaluation of chosen determinants of the positive practice environments (PPE) at Polish nursing wards.
88  posterior pituitary ectopia
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
GHD (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2000 Posterior pituitary ectopia: another hint toward a genetic etiology.
89  potato peel
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MDA (1 time)
2008 Antioxidant-mediated protective effect of potato peel extract in erythrocytes against oxidative damage.
90  potato peel extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BHT (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
2005 Potato peel extract-a natural antioxidant for retarding lipid peroxidation in radiation processed lamb meat.
91  potato protein extract
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
OVA (2 times)
BN (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2001 Characterization of antibody responses induced in rodents by exposure to food proteins: influence of route of exposure.
92  potential productive energy
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BMR (1 time)
2011 [Functional implication of the basal metabolic rate in homeothermic animals].
93  precursor, preproenkephalin
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DG (1 time)
hPPE (1 time)
1996 Initial processing of human proenkephalin in bovine chromaffin cells.
94  predictive performance equation
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2018 Evaluating the Theoretic Adequacy and Applied Potential of Computational Models of the Spacing Effect.
95  preeclampsia
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
Ang (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CYP2D6 (1 time)
2011 Postpartum assessment of the renin angiotensin system in women with previous severe, early-onset preeclampsia.
96  preoperative pulmonary evaluation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2008 Preoperative pulmonary evaluation (PPE) as a prognostic factor in patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery.
97  prickly pear extract
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SDW (1 time)
2018 Synergistic effect of polysaccharides, betalain pigment and phenolic compounds of red prickly pear (Opuntia stricta) in the stabilization of salami.
98  prolonged pleural effusion
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
3days (1 time)
POPC (1 time)
TCPC (1 time)
2019 Prophylactic Opening of the Pleural Cavity for Postoperative Drainage is a Risk Factor for Prolonged Pleural Effusion After a Fontan Operation.
99  promoter-proximal element
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
5'UTRs (1 time)
BRE (1 time)
brk (1 time)
2013 Autoregulatory feedback controls sequential action of cis-regulatory modules at the brinker locus.
100  proximal perigraft endoleak
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
EVR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2000 Anatomical risk factors for proximal perigraft endoleak and graft migration following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.