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Abbreviation: PPE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
personal protective equipment
(630 times)
Occupational Medicine
(158 times)
HCWs (36 times)
EVD (27 times)
HCW (15 times)
1985 Styrene vapor control systems in FRP yacht plants.
porcine pancreatic elastase
(207 times)
Biochemistry
(51 times)
HNE (33 times)
HLE (27 times)
COPD (20 times)
1984 The role of nicotine in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema.
preproenkephalin
(191 times)
Neurology
(98 times)
PPT (33 times)
PPD (31 times)
DA (18 times)
1988 Similar time course changes in striatal levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase and proenkephalin mRNA following dopaminergic deafferentation in the rat.
palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia
(93 times)
Neoplasms
(64 times)
PLD (35 times)
CI (7 times)
MTD (7 times)
1990 Pyridoxine therapy for palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia associated with continuous 5-fluorouracil infusion.
parapneumonic effusion
(44 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
CPPE (6 times)
TPE (6 times)
VATS (5 times)
2000 Role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the differential diagnosis of parapneumonic effusion.
preparticipation examination
(43 times)
Sports Medicine
(27 times)
ECG (7 times)
NCAA (3 times)
AHA (2 times)
1991 The preparticipation evaluation.
preparticipation physical evaluation
(42 times)
Sports Medicine
(18 times)
ECG (6 times)
SCD (5 times)
AHA (3 times)
1995 Pre-participation examination: a new form for Hawaii.
plasma protein extravasation
(39 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
CGRP (7 times)
SP (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1984 Mononuclear cell accumulation and plasma protein extravasation (PPE) during induction, remission and re-challenge of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in the rat.
poly(phenylene ethynylene)
(29 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
CPEs (7 times)
OPEs (3 times)
PPV (3 times)
2003 Capture and detection of a quencher labeled oligonucleotide by poly(phenylene ethynylene) particles.
10  pomegranate peel extract
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
MDA (3 times)
VEGF (3 times)
CH (2 times)
2007 Pomegranate peel extract prevents liver fibrosis in biliary-obstructed rats.
11  Pruritic papular eruption
(22 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
HIV (7 times)
EF (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1992 UVB phototherapy of the pruritic papular eruption of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
12  proline-proline-glutamic acid
(21 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
PE (9 times)
Mtb (5 times)
MAP (3 times)
2009 The PPE18 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis interacts with TLR2 and activates IL-10 induction in macrophage.
13  porcine proliferative enteropathy
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
PCR (3 times)
IFA (2 times)
ADWG (1 time)
1992 Experimental reproduction of porcine proliferative enteritis.
14  peer physical examination
(19 times)
Education
(12 times)
EFS (4 times)
AT (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
2004 Exploring medical students' attitudes towards peer physical examination.
15  postpneumonectomy empyema
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
BPF (7 times)
OWT (3 times)
VATS (2 times)
1994 Post-pneumonectomy empyema.
16  parapneumonic pleural effusion
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
PE (4 times)
ROC (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2002 Pleural-fluid myeloperoxidase in complicated and noncomplicated parapneumonic pleural effusions.
17  porous polyethylene
(16 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
BG (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
1999 Vertical chin augmentation with interpositional porous polyethylene implants: a histologic study in monkeys.
18  percentage of parasitized erythrocytes
(15 times)
Parasitology
(6 times)
PCV (3 times)
DMSO (2 times)
ITS (2 times)
1993 Effect of 4-bromo-calcium ionophore A23187 on release of Anaplasma marginale from bovine erythrocytes in vitro.
19  porcine placental extract
(15 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
HA (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
2001 Role of anti-Gal alpha13Gal and anti-platelet antibodies in hyperacute rejection of pig lung by human blood.
20  primary premature ejaculation
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
IELT (6 times)
PSSR (3 times)
BCR (2 times)
1989 Premature ejaculation: clinical subgroups and etiology.
21  polyphosphoester
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
NGCs (2 times)
DLS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2001 A new nerve guide conduit material composed of a biodegradable poly(phosphoester).
22  preplacodal ectoderm
(11 times)
Embryology
(6 times)
BMP (3 times)
CNC (1 time)
CNGA (1 time)
2004 Six1 promotes a placodal fate within the lateral neurogenic ectoderm by functioning as both a transcriptional activator and repressor.
23  pachychoroid pigment epitheliopathy
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
CSC (6 times)
UCP (3 times)
PNV (2 times)
2017 Pachychoroid neovasculopathy: aspect on optical coherence tomography angiography.
24  perceived phonatory effort
(10 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
PTP (8 times)
IS (2 times)
CPP (1 time)
2003 Do vocal warm-up exercises alleviate vocal fatigue?
25  polyphenolic extract
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
HFHS (2 times)
CD36 (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2007 Antitumor activity of polyphenolic extract of Ichnocarpus frutescens.
26  posterior pelvic exenteration
(9 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
TPE (5 times)
APE (2 times)
APR (1 time)
1991 [Posterior pelvic exenteration in the treatment of extraperitoneal rectal cancer in females].
27  postpartum estrus
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
HIE (1 time)
LE (1 time)
1984 Postpartum and lactational estrus: a comparative analysis in rodentia.
28  pediatric parapneumonic empyema
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
IPD (1 time)
OPAT (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2008 Pediatric parapneumonic empyema, Spain.
29  pooled prevalence estimate
(7 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
PRISMA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EDC-index (1 time)
2015 The prevalence of the extensor indicis tendon and its variants: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
30  Professional Practice Environment
(7 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
PCA (1 time)
PPWEI (1 time)
RPPE (1 time)
2004 Development and psychometric evaluation of the Professional Practice Environment (PPE) scale.
31  proline-proline-glutamate
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PE (4 times)
Mtb (3 times)
CSF (1 time)
2006 Mycobacterium tuberculosis SigM positively regulates Esx secreted protein and nonribosomal peptide synthetase genes and down regulates virulence-associated surface lipid synthesis.
32  push-pull effect
(7 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(5 times)
PPM (2 times)
USAF (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1998 Frequency of the "push-pull effect" in U.S. Air Force fighter operations.
33  pancreatic porcine elastase
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
1991 Human aortic elastin from normal individuals and atherosclerotic patients: lipid and cation contents; susceptibility to elastolysis.
34  parapneumonic empyema
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CAP (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Molecular analysis improves pathogen identification and epidemiologic study of pediatric parapneumonic empyema.
35  photopyroelectric
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
ASC (1 time)
HexB-SmA (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
2005 Static and dynamic thermal quantities near the consolute point of the binary liquid mixture aniline-cyclohexane studied with a photopyroelectric technique and adiabatic scanning calorimetry.
36  postpartum endometritis
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
IAI (3 times)
AI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1988 Postpartum endometritis. Pathophysiology and prevention.
37  probability of paternity exclusion
(6 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
DP (5 times)
PIC (4 times)
STR (2 times)
2000 [Genescan for STR analysis and genetic distribution in a population sample from Han, China].
38  professional practice evaluation
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CME (2 times)
AFCOR (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
2007 [Evaluation of Best Practices in the improvement and quality of care: seven notions for better understanding].
39  phenethyl phenyl ether
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
alpha-hydroxy PPE (1 time)
BDEs (1 time)
2008 Computational prediction of alpha/beta selectivities in the pyrolysis of oxygen-substituted phenethyl phenyl ethers.
40  postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ANP (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
FFP (1 time)
1993 Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema. A retrospective analysis of associated variables.
41  pre-mRNA processing enhancer
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CJE (1 time)
CTE (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
1998 Pre-mRNA processing enhancer (PPE) element increases the expression of an intronless thymidylate synthase gene but does not affect intron-dependent S phase regulation.
42  pressure Poisson equation
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CFD (2 times)
PIV (1 time)
SPH (1 time)
1994 Determining cardiac velocity fields and intraventricular pressure distribution from a sequence of ultrafast CT cardiac images.
43  prorenin processing enzyme
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AcMNPV (1 time)
CTSB (1 time)
IQF (1 time)
1995 Role of cathepsin B as prorenin processing enzyme in human kidney.
44  peanut protein extract
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
EPIT (3 times)
CT (1 time)
EGIDs (1 time)
2005 CTLA-4 signaling regulates the intensity of hypersensitivity responses to food antigens, but is not decisive in the induction of sensitization.
45  peritoneal protein excretion
(4 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
APD (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2010 Peritoneal protein transport during the baseline peritoneal equilibration test is an accurate predictor of the outcome of peritoneal dialysis patients.
46  plasma-polymerised ethylene
(4 times)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
1979 Bioevaluation of plasma polymerized films in skeletal muscle.
47  polyphenon E
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EGCG (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
2007 Inhibition of intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(min/+) mice by green tea polyphenols (polyphenon E) and individual catechins.
48  polyphosphate ester
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DMAP (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
1999 Tuning Stereoselection in Tethered Biginelli Condensations. Synthesis of cis- or trans-1-Oxo- and 1-Iminohexahydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidines.
49  pomegranate peel
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AOPP (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
HF/HS (1 time)
2013 Pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel extract provides protection against mercuric chloride-induced oxidative stress in Wistar strain rats.
50  porcine pancreatic extracts
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DGL (2 times)
BPT (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2002 Alpha amylase is a major allergenic component in occupational asthma patients caused by porcine pancreatic extract.
51  porcine pulmonary edema
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
ELEM (1 time)
FB1 (1 time)
1998 Fumonisin B1 contamination of maize and experimental acute fumonisin toxicosis in pigs.
52  posterior pituitary
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CIGHD (2 times)
GHD (2 times)
1993 Modern imaging techniques in GH secretory disorders.
53  protein precipitation extraction
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
LLE (2 times)
LLOQ (2 times)
ESI (1 time)
2012 Development and optimization of simplified LC-MS/MS quantification of 25-hydroxyvitamin D using protein precipitation combined with on-line solid phase extraction (SPE).
54  push-and-pull enteroscopy
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
APC (1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Push-and-pull enteroscopy in the small bowel using the double-balloon technique: results of a prospective European multicenter study.
55  palmar plantar erythema
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CTC (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2003 Analysis of the time course and prognostic factors determining toxicity due to infused fluorouracil.
56  papular pruritic eruption
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
AOR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
ARV (1 time)
2010 Antihistamines are superior to topical steroids in managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated papular pruritic eruption.
57  paralytic pontine exotropia
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NPPE (2 times)
MLF (1 time)
WEBINO (1 time)
1991 [A case of brainstem infarction presenting with paralytic pontine exotropia and non-paralytic pontine exotropia].
58  partially purified extract
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
2012 Characterization of an anti-listerial enterocin from wheat silage based Enterococcus faecium.
59  perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2010 Clinical significance of the sphenoidal process of the cartilaginous nasal septum: A preliminary morphological evaluation.
60  Photosynthetic picoeukaryotes
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CCS (1 time)
NPSG (1 time)
2009 Groups without cultured representatives dominate eukaryotic picophytoplankton in the oligotrophic South East Pacific Ocean.
61  planar polarity effector
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PCP (2 times)
CPLANE (1 time)
fz (1 time)
2004 Inturned localizes to the proximal side of wing cells under the instruction of upstream planar polarity proteins.
62  practical participatory evaluation
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
--- 2011 A mixed method study of propensity for participatory evaluation.
63  preparticipation exams
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2008 Use of natriuretic peptides in pre-participation screening of college athletes.
64  P. pseudocaryophyllus ethanolic extract
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2013 Efficacy of topical formulations containing Pimenta pseudocaryophyllus extract against UVB-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in hairless mice.
65  painful and provocative events
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IPTS (1 time)
2018 An Investigation into the Acquired Capability for Suicide.
66  parallel plate-electrodes
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FOM (1 time)
IDE (1 time)
IDEs (1 time)
2005 Design and analysis of a PZT-based micromachined acoustic sensor with increased sensitivity.
67  parapneumonic
(2 times)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2014 A novel biomarker in the diagnosis of parapneumonic effusion: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin.
68  parapneumonic pneumococcal empyema
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IPD (2 times)
BP (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2013 Expansion of serotype coverage in the universal pediatric vaccination calendar: short-term effects on age- and serotype-dependent incidence of invasive pneumococcal clinical presentations in Madrid, Spain.
69  partial punishment effect
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1986 Amphetamine does not affect the partial punishment effect (PPE).
70  peer performance-evaluation
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1983 Impact of peer performance-evaluation on job satisfaction.
71  penopubic
(2 times)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2018 Anatomic findings associated with epispadias in boys: Implications for surgical management and urinary continence.
72  pentose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
LHCII (1 time)
1992 The Calvin cycle enzyme pentose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase is encoded within the cfx operons of the chemoautotroph Alcaligenes eutrophus.
73  perceived physical environment
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
ERI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2014 Prevalence and associated factors of depressive symptoms among Chinese underground coal miners.
74  percent perseverative errors
(2 times)
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
AGA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2008 Adult normative data of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in Taiwan.
75  Periportal edema
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ISS (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
pPPE (1 time)
2011 Periportal edema in trauma patients: correlation with trauma severity.
76  permeability pulmonary edema
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HPE (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CXRs (1 time)
1986 Rebreathing lung tissue volume of sheep with normal and edematous lungs.
77  personal protective ensemble
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
SCBA (2 times)
FFs (1 time)
max (1 time)
2006 Effects of the self-contained breathing apparatus and fire protective clothing on maximal oxygen uptake.
78  Pigeon protozoal encephalitis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
IFN (1 time)
IL (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2013 Modulation of the host Th1 immune response in pigeon protozoal encephalitis caused by Sarcocystis calchasi.
79  plasma protein electrophoresis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
SAA (1 time)
THECs (1 time)
2008 Influence of age and foaling on plasma protein electrophoresis and serum amyloid A and their possible role as markers of equine neonatal septicaemia.
80  Pohar-Perme estimator
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2013 Cancer net survival on registry data: use of the new unbiased Pohar-Perme estimator and magnitude of the bias with the classical methods.
81  poly(phenylene ether)
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
EVA (1 time)
PGC (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2008 Effect of silica nanoparticles on reinforcement of poly(phenylene ether) based thermoplastic elastomer.
82  polyphosphate
(2 times)
Chemistry, Organic
(2 times)
2-ABA (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
PPSE (1 time)
2016 Microwave-assisted cyclizations promoted by polyphosphoric acid esters: a general method for 1-aryl-2-iminoazacycloalkanes.
83  porcine pituitary extract
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
EGF (1 time)
FTSG (1 time)
HPDWHF (1 time)
1995 Human keratinocyte culture using porcine pituitary extract in serum-free medium.
84  positive practice environments
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Evaluation of chosen determinants of the positive practice environments (PPE) at Polish nursing wards.
85  posterior pituitary ectopia
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
GHD (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2000 Posterior pituitary ectopia: another hint toward a genetic etiology.
86  potato peel
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MDA (1 time)
2008 Antioxidant-mediated protective effect of potato peel extract in erythrocytes against oxidative damage.
87  potato protein extract
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
OVA (2 times)
BN (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2001 Characterization of antibody responses induced in rodents by exposure to food proteins: influence of route of exposure.
88  potential productive energy
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BMR (1 time)
2011 [Functional implication of the basal metabolic rate in homeothermic animals].
89  precursor, preproenkephalin
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DG (1 time)
hPPE (1 time)
1996 Initial processing of human proenkephalin in bovine chromaffin cells.
90  predictive performance equation
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2018 Evaluating the Theoretic Adequacy and Applied Potential of Computational Models of the Spacing Effect.
91  preeclampsia
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
Ang (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CYP2D6 (1 time)
2011 Postpartum assessment of the renin angiotensin system in women with previous severe, early-onset preeclampsia.
92  preoperative pulmonary evaluation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2008 Preoperative pulmonary evaluation (PPE) as a prognostic factor in patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery.
93  promoter-proximal element
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
5'UTRs (1 time)
BRE (1 time)
brk (1 time)
2013 Autoregulatory feedback controls sequential action of cis-regulatory modules at the brinker locus.
94  proximal perigraft endoleak
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
EVR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2000 Anatomical risk factors for proximal perigraft endoleak and graft migration following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.
95  proximal promoter element
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DPE (1 time)
1992 Elements of an archaeal promoter defined by mutational analysis.
96  public and patient engagement
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
OG (1 time)
POCTs (1 time)
SqS (1 time)
2016 Supporting quality public and patient engagement in health system organizations: development and usability testing of the Public and Patient Engagement Evaluation Tool.
97  purple potato extract
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
AST (1 time)
GalN (1 time)
2006 Hepatoprotective effects of purple potato extract against D-galactosamine-induced liver injury in rats.
98  1-palmitoyl-2-hydroxy-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
TfR (1 time)
2014 From fast fluorescence imaging to molecular diffusion law on live cell membranes in a commercial microscope.
99  bladder-protein plasma extravasation
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
7-NI (1 time)
CYP (1 time)
MITU (1 time)
2001 Nitric oxide synthases and cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis in rats.
100  N-(5'-phosphopyridoxyl)-l-glutamate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAA-AT (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
2009 Dual roles of a conserved pair, Arg23 and Ser20, in recognition of multiple substrates in alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase from Thermus thermophilus.