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Abbreviation: PPF
Appearance Frequency: 1111 time(s)
Long forms: 188

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
paired-pulse facilitation
(327 times)
Neurology
(162 times)
LTP (133 times)
LTD (28 times)
PPI (24 times)
1984 Modulation by dopamine of population spikes in area CA1 hippocampal neurons elicited by paired stimulus pulses.
poly(propylene fumarate)
(115 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(65 times)
PLGA (14 times)
NVP (9 times)
DEF (8 times)
1995 Analysis of a vinyl pyrrolidone/poly(propylene fumarate) resorbable bone cement.
photosynthetic photon flux
(70 times)
Botany
(24 times)
Pn (10 times)
LEDs (5 times)
MH (5 times)
1986 Utilization of potatoes for life support systems in space. I. Cultivar-photoperiod interactions.
pterygopalatine fossa
(60 times)
Otolaryngology
(16 times)
CT (9 times)
PPG (6 times)
MRI (5 times)
1991 Vidian metastasis of adenoid cystic carcinoma.
plasma protein fraction
(36 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
PKA (5 times)
CI (4 times)
HES (3 times)
1972 Contributions to the optimal use of human blood. I. Analysis and optimalization of the production of plasma protein fraction (PPF).
propentofylline
(33 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
AD (3 times)
APP (3 times)
EB (3 times)
1993 [A quantitative pharmaco-EEG study on psychotropic properties of cerebral metabolic enhancers: comparison between young and elderly healthy volunteers].
periportal fibrosis
(31 times)
Tropical Medicine
(14 times)
GMEC (3 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
HA (2 times)
1984 Characteristic sonographic features of schistosomal periportal fibrosis.
proplatelet formation
(26 times)
Hematology
(15 times)
MKs (9 times)
AChE (3 times)
TPO (3 times)
1998 Effects of c-mpl ligand on cytoplasmic maturation of murine megakaryocytes and on platelet production.
propafenone
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
AF (3 times)
NOR-PPF (3 times)
PM (3 times)
1990 Pharmacokinetics of propafenone enantiomers in rats.
10  propofol
(20 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
LPS (3 times)
MDZ (3 times)
AMPK (1 time)
1990 Recovery from total intravenous anaesthesia. Propofol versus midazolam-flumazenil.
11  plasma-polymerized film
(19 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
QCM (4 times)
AFM (3 times)
GDH (3 times)
2000 Application of polymer-embedded proteins to fabrication of DNA array.
12  pyrolyzed photoresist film
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
NAB (4 times)
GC (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
2001 Electroanalytical performance of carbon films with near-atomic flatness.
13  pyriproxyfen
(17 times)
Tropical Medicine
(7 times)
LN (3 times)
IGR (2 times)
PER (2 times)
2005 Efficacy of a collar impregnated with amitraz and pyriproxyfen for prevention of experimental tick infestations by Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Ixodes ricinus, and Ixodes scapularis in dogs.
14  periprosthetic fracture
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
THA (2 times)
TKA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2008 [Periprosthetic fractures. Long-term results after plate osteosynthesis stabilization].
15  papillary plasma flow
(13 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
GFR (5 times)
RBF (3 times)
AII (2 times)
1979 Effect of potassium deficiency on papillary plasma flow in the rat.
16  Pancreaticopleural fistula
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
ARDS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
1986 Pancreatopleural fistula.
17  palm-pressed fiber
(9 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
POME (3 times)
CF (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of the feeding value of palm press fibre using in vitro digestibility techniques.
18  pleuroperitoneal fold
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CDH (6 times)
COUP-TFII (1 time)
RSP (1 time)
2000 Structure of the primordial diaphragm and defects associated with nitrofen-induced CDH.
19  posterior pharyngeal flap
(7 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
VPI (2 times)
22qDS (1 time)
CL/P (1 time)
1987 Simultaneous posterior pharyngeal flap and tonsillectomy.
20  precision particle fabrication
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
BSA (3 times)
chi-p53 (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
2007 Monodisperse liquid-filled biodegradable microcapsules.
21  percutaneous pedicle screw fixation
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ALIF (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
ELIF (1 time)
2009 Extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of isthmic spondylolisthesis.
22  pranoprofen
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
IM (2 times)
PHE (2 times)
BF (1 time)
1987 [Effect of pranoprofen on sodium urate crystal-induced inflammation].
23  poly(propylene glycol-co-fumaric acid)
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CG/HA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2000 Osteoconductivity of an injectable and bioresorbable poly(propylene glycol-co-fumaric acid) bone cement.
24  Pancreaticopericardial fistula
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
2014 Pancreatico-pericardial fistula as a complication of chronic pancreatitis.
25  parametric projection filter
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ICA (2 times)
PWF (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
2001 Equivalent dipole source imaging of brain electric activity by means of parametric projection filter.
26  peak pull-out force
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
ATPS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2014 A biomechanical study to evaluate the effect of PMMA augmentation and restoration of the strength of cervical vertebral screws inserted in an osteoporotic vertebral body.
27  Pigment protection factor
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
MED (2 times)
Detail-q (1 time)
FST-q (1 time)
2010 Minimal erythema dose and minimal melanogenesis dose relate better to objectively measured skin type than to Fitzpatricks skin type.
28  poor prognostic factors
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ANC (1 time)
ASCT (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2000 Outcomes of high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant in isolated locally recurrent breast cancer: a multicenter evaluation.
29  positive position feedback
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
2009 Making a commercial atomic force microscope more accurate and faster using positive position feedback control.
30  postoperative pancreatic fistula
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
IL-6 (1 time)
ISGPF (1 time)
LDP (1 time)
2011 Impact of duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy with external drainage of the pancreatic duct after pancreaticoduodenectomy.
31  prepolymer, polypropylene fumarate
(4 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
GONPs (1 time)
MSNPs (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
1992 Holding power and reinforcement of cancellous screws in human bone.
32  putative preneoplastic foci
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HCA (3 times)
HCC (2 times)
TGF-beta1 (2 times)
1996 Transforming growth factor beta 1-induced cell death in preneoplastic foci of rat liver and sensitization by the antiestrogen tamoxifen.
33  plasmapheresis fluid
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GBM (3 times)
GPA (2 times)
HN (2 times)
1989 Abnormalities in the NC1 domain of collagen type IV in GBM in canine hereditary nephritis.
34  point process filter
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
KF (2 times)
CLDA (1 time)
2014 High-performance brain-machine interface enabled by an adaptive optimal feedback-controlled point process decoder.
35  polypropylene filter
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
2009 Characterization and detection of uranyl ion sorption on silver surfaces using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy.
36  principal component and Fisher criterion
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
SVM (1 time)
2014 Analysis of tobacco color and location features using visible-near infrared hyperspectral data.
37  paclitaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluoruracil
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
CHEP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2002 Induction chemotherapy with paclitaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: long-term results of a phase II trial.
38  partially purified fraction
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2004 Partially purified fraction (PPF) antigen from adult Fasciola gigantica for the serodiagnosis of human fascioliasis using Dot-ELISA technique.
39  partially purified second fraction
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ANU (1 time)
2010 Isolation, characterization and biological evaluation of bioactive metabolites from Nocardia levis MK-VL_113.
40  peak power frequency
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
MLAEP (1 time)
PP (1 time)
RMS (1 time)
2006 Comparison of auditory evoked potential parameters for predicting clinically anaesthetized state.
41  pedicled pericardial flap
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PBF (2 times)
FG (1 time)
MYO (1 time)
2014 Pericardial flap: an effective method of surgical repair of late post-pneumonectomy fistula.
42  percentage of positive fragments
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PCa (2 times)
MPC (1 time)
PNI (1 time)
2005 Prognostic value of the percentage of positive fragments in biopsies from patients with localized prostate cancer.
43  performance-measured physical functioning
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SD (1 time)
SPF (1 time)
2014 Longitudinal associations between self-rated health and performance-based physical function in a population-based cohort of older adults.
44  peri-prostatic fat
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2012 Measurement of peri-prostatic fat thickness using transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS): a new risk factor for prostate cancer.
45  periprosthetic femoral fractures
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ASA (1 time)
HHS (1 time)
LCP (1 time)
2013 Locking plate fixation for Vancouver B1 periprosthetic femoral fractures: a critical analysis of 135 cases.
46  phonotactic pattern frequency
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
SLI (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
VM (1 time)
2010 The role of phonotactic frequency in sentence repetition by children with specific language impairment.
47  phosphonoformate
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
G6P (1 time)
MH (1 time)
2014 Practical agar-based disk potentiation test for detection of fosfomycin-nonsusceptible Escherichia coli clinical isolates producing glutathione S-transferases.
48  Platelet-Protein film
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PRP (2 times)
2013 Treatment of chronic ulcer with elastic plasma protein and platelet film for wound dressing.
49  pleuropulmonary fibrosis
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BCR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1995 Low dose bromocriptine-induced pleural effusion and pleuropulmonary fibrosis.
50  polymeric procyanidin fraction
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
COX (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
2013 Protective effects of oligomeric and polymeric procyanidin fractions from defatted grape seeds on tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells.
51  population preventable fraction
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2018 Population attributable risk of factors associated with the repetition of self-harm behaviour in young people presenting to clinical services: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
52  pork plasma fibrinogen
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BFG (1 time)
ETGP (1 time)
PPSA (1 time)
1979 A modified pork plasma agar for the enumeration of Staphylococcus aureus in foods.
53  portable pelvis film
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
APCT (1 time)
MPR (1 time)
2002 Is the screening portable pelvis film clinically useful in multiple trauma patients who will be examined by abdominopelvic CT? Experience with 397 patients.
54  portal perfusion fraction
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
TIPSS (1 time)
1997 [Changes in liver perfusion caused by transjugular intrahepatic stent shunt (TIPSS)].
55  portal plasma flow
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
GLP-2R (1 time)
2009 Effects of 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutyrate on portal plasma flow and net portal appearance of amino acids in piglets.
56  positive psychological functioning
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Contribution of personal and environmental factors on positive psychological functioning in adolescents.
57  postoperative periprosthetic femoral fracture
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CPT (2 times)
FNF (1 time)
FNFs (1 time)
2015 High risk of early periprosthetic fractures after primary hip arthroplasty in elderly patients using a cemented, tapered, polished stem.
58  postpartum fever
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
RFM (1 time)
2008 The significance of peripartum fever in women undergoing vaginal deliveries.
59  Practice Profile Form
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AAN (2 times)
DIF (1 time)
1993 Neurologists--1991 to 1992. Human Resources in Neurology Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.
60  predictive protection factor
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SED (1 time)
SZA (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2018 Facial exposure to ultraviolet radiation: Predicted sun protection effectiveness of various hat styles.
61  premature plantarflexor muscle activity
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2013 The association between premature plantarflexor muscle activity, muscle strength, and equinus gait in patients with various pathologies.
62  production possibility frontiers
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2014 Production possibility frontiers in phototroph:heterotroph symbioses: trade-offs in allocating fixed carbon pools and the challenges these alternatives present for understanding the acquisition of intracellular habitats.
63  propeller perforator flaps
(2 times)
Ankle
(1 time)
SG (1 time)
vsPPF (1 time)
2012 The use of propeller perforator flaps for diabetic limb salvage: a retrospective review of 25 cases.
64  Public Psychiatry Fellowship
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2008 Core elements of a public psychiatry fellowship.
65  pulmonary plasma flow
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
DCE (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2013 Quantification of pulmonary perfusion with free-breathing dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI--a pilot study in healthy volunteers.
66  dysfunction-posterior pharyngeal flap
(1 time)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2014 Robotic Approaches to Palatoplasty and the Treatment of Velopharyngeal Dysfunction.
67  pad passing frequency
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BPF (1 time)
PVDF (1 time)
2018 Contact Force Measurement in an Operational Thrust Bearing using PVDF Film at the Blade and Pad Passing Frequencies.
68  pair persistence function
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2000 Atom pair persistence in disordered materials from fluctuation microscopy
69  paired-pulse facilitation paradigm
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CaN (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2018 AD-Related N-Terminal Truncated Tau Is Sufficient to Recapitulate In Vivo the Early Perturbations of Human Neuropathology: Implications for Immunotherapy.
70  palatopharyngeal flap
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
DS (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2014 22q11.2 Deletion syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea.
71  palm petiolar felt-sheath
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2002 Removal of heavy metals from contaminated water by petiolar felt-sheath of palm.
72  Palmar and plantar fibromatosis
(1 time)
Radiation Oncology
(1 time)
RT (1 time)
2015 Patient-reported outcomes after electron radiation treatment for early-stage palmar and plantar fibromatosis.
73  paper-and-pencil format
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
OF (1 time)
UQoLS (1 time)
2018 Validation of the 10-item Cervantes Scale in middle-aged Portuguese women: paper-and-pencil and online format assessment of menopause-related symptoms.
74  paraprosthetic fistulae
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AEF (1 time)
1990 The management of aortoenteric and paraprosthetic fistulae.
75  parenchymal-pleural fistula
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
BPF (1 time)
2001 Persistent air leaks in patients receiving mechanical ventilation.
76  Parental Psychological Flexibility
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Development of the Parental Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire.
77  partial proximal fasciotomy
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CPF (1 time)
PMGR (1 time)
2013 Chronic plantar fasciitis: plantar fasciotomy versus gastrocnemius recession.
78  partially purified flagella preparation
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NFM (1 time)
1984 Demonstration of protective antigen carried by flagella of Clostridium chauvoei.
79  partially purified fraction antigen
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 Partially purified fraction (PPF) antigen from adult Fasciola gigantica for the serodiagnosis of human fascioliasis using Dot-ELISA technique.
80  particles suspended in fluorescein solution
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AS-OCT (1 time)
TFT (1 time)
TMA (1 time)
2016 Visualization of Tear Clearance Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography and Polymethylmethacrylate Particles.
81  Past, Present, and Future
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
CARE (1 time)
2018 Benefits of Health Care Communication Training for Nurses Conducting Bedside Handovers: An Australian Hospital Case Study.
82  Pathologic pelvic fractures
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1987 Pathologic Malgaigne fracture following pelvic irradiation. A case report.
83  pea protein-enriched flour
(1 time)
--- 2018 Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum Fermentation on the Surface and Functional Properties of Pea Protein-Enriched Flour.
84  peak penile blood flow
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PGE1 (1 time)
1997 Role of radioisotope penile plethysmography in the evaluation of penile hemodynamics in impotent patients.
85  Peak Perceived Flashes
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
--- 2013 Gone in a flash: manipulation of audiovisual temporal integration using transcranial magnetic stimulation.
86  peak propulsive force
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CSM (1 time)
CV (1 time)
PMLF (1 time)
2013 Force plate gait analysis in Doberman Pinschers with and without cervical spondylomyelopathy.
87  peanut peptide fraction
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
EE (1 time)
GIT (1 time)
2016 Preparation of nanoliposome loaded with peanut peptide fraction: stability and bioavailability.
88  pectic polysaccharide fraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
Dpd-3-glc (1 time)
Pet-3-glc (1 time)
2012 Bathochromic and stabilising effects of sugar beet pectin and an isolated pectic fraction on anthocyanins exhibiting pyrogallol and catechol moieties.
89  pediatric pelvic fracture
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Pediatric pelvic fracture: a modification of a preexisting classification.
90  PEI-PEG-FA
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
shRNA (1 time)
2017 Luminescent/magnetic PLGA-based hybrid nanocomposites: a smart nanocarrier system for targeted codelivery and dual-modality imaging in cancer theranostics.
91  PEI-PEG-Folate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
PHD (1 time)
2013 pH-responsive complexes using prefunctionalized polymers for synchronous delivery of doxorubicin and siRNA to cancer cells.
92  PEP + 5-FU
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
NAC (1 time)
PPM (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2002 [Comparative clinical studies for head and neck cancer in Japan].
93  peptide fragment fingerprinting
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PMF (1 time)
2008 Experimental evaluation of protein identification by an LC/MALDI/on-target digestion approach.
94  perceived physical fitness
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2016 Physical activity and self-esteem: testing direct and indirect relationships associated with psychological and physical mechanisms.
95  perceived physical flexibility
(1 time)
Dancing
(1 time)
EHR (1 time)
IG (1 time)
TO (1 time)
2017 Turnout in Classical Dance: Is It Possible to Enhance the External Rotation of the Lower Limb by a Myofascial Manipulation? A Pilot Study.
96  Perceived Psychological Functioning Scale
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BDI (1 time)
HARS (1 time)
HDRS (1 time)
2013 Randomized trial on the effectiveness of long- and short-term psychotherapy on psychiatric symptoms and working ability during a 5-year follow-up.
97  percentage power fraction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
PRI (1 time)
rCBF (1 time)
1989 Electroencephalographic correlates of blood flow and oxygen metabolism provided by positron emission tomography in patients with cerebral infarction.
98  perforator propeller flap
(1 time)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2016 L-positioned Perforator Propeller Flap for Partial Breast Reconstruction with Axillary Dead Space.
99  perichondrial posterior fixation
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
CWD (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
2009 A novel meatoplasty method in canal wall down tympanomastoidectomy: a perichondrial posterior fixation technique.
100  period of potential fertility
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CVF (1 time)
LH (1 time)
PG (1 time)
1997 Volumetric self-sampling of cervicovaginal fluid to determine potential fertility: a multicentre pre-effectiveness study of the Rovumeter.