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Abbreviation: PPI
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Long forms: 444

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
protein-protein interaction
(5738 times)
Molecular Biology
(674 times)
DEGs (1963 times)
GO (1493 times)
KEGG (1150 times)
2000 Inhibiting protein-protein interactions: a model for antagonist design.
proton pump inhibitor
(3267 times)
Gastroenterology
(1189 times)
GERD (653 times)
CI (196 times)
H2RA (129 times)
1992 [Recurrent peptic ulcer after gastric surgery].
prepulse inhibition
(1753 times)
Neurology
(495 times)
ASR (187 times)
DA (103 times)
NMDA (86 times)
1987 [Effect of RO 15-1788 and RO 5-4684 on the evoked activity of neurons in hippocampal sections].
patient and public involvement
(311 times)
Health Services Research
(124 times)
NIHR (11 times)
HTA (6 times)
NHS (5 times)
2005 Vantage point.
psychophysiological interaction
(212 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(51 times)
fMRI (74 times)
DLPFC (22 times)
dACC (13 times)
2005 When meaningless symbols become letters: neural activity change in learning new phonograms.
prepulse inhibition of startle
(166 times)
Psychopharmacology
(51 times)
KO (7 times)
DA (6 times)
mPFC (6 times)
1996 Functional behavioral homology between rat 5-HT1B and guinea pig 5-HT1D receptors in the modulation of prepulse inhibition of startle.
permanent pacemaker implantation
(136 times)
Cardiology
(94 times)
TAVI (45 times)
TAVR (33 times)
CI (21 times)
2004 Time to metabolic atrophy after permanent prostate seed implantation based on magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging.
poly(propylene imine)
(126 times)
Chemistry
(43 times)
PAMAM (27 times)
PEI (9 times)
DLS (5 times)
2002 Construction and probing of multisite chiral catalysts: dendrimer fixation of c2-symmetrical diphosphinerhodium complexes.
post-prostatectomy incontinence
(104 times)
Urology
(65 times)
AUS (24 times)
RARP (8 times)
RP (8 times)
1999 Pelvic muscle rehabilitation in males following prostatectomy.
10  present pain intensity
(104 times)
Complementary Therapies
(25 times)
VAS (62 times)
PRI (26 times)
SF-MPQ (18 times)
1981 Examination of electrode placements and stimulating parameters in treating chronic pain with conventional transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).
11  pea protein isolate
(97 times)
Chemistry
(41 times)
SPI (11 times)
FTIR (5 times)
SDS-PAGE (5 times)
2003 Response of early-weaned pigs to an enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (K88) challenge when fed diets containing spray-dried porcine plasma or pea protein isolate plus egg yolk antibody.
12  polyphosphoinositide
(81 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
PI (13 times)
PA (8 times)
NMDA (6 times)
1981 Rapid incorporation in vivo of intracerebrally injected 32Pi into polyphosphoinositides of three subfractions of rat brain myelin.
13  Psychopathic Personality Inventory
(72 times)
Psychology
(33 times)
PCL-R (9 times)
FD (8 times)
SCI (7 times)
1996 Development and preliminary validation of a self-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in noncriminal populations.
14  Palliative Prognostic Index
(63 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
PPS (11 times)
PaP (9 times)
CPS (6 times)
1999 The Palliative Prognostic Index: a scoring system for survival prediction of terminally ill cancer patients.
15  public and patient involvement
(54 times)
Health Services Research
(19 times)
RCT (3 times)
SWAT (3 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
2009 Staff must understand public and patient involvement better.
16  Polyphyllin I
(48 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
NSCLC (10 times)
CIP2A (5 times)
EMT (4 times)
2010 Effects of polyphyllin I on growth inhibition of human non-small lung cancer cells and in xenograft.
17  postpacing interval
(46 times)
Cardiology
(32 times)
TCL (21 times)
AVNRT (9 times)
ORT (8 times)
1984 Effect of energy intake on the postpartum interval in beef cows and the adequacy of the cow's milk production for calf growth.
18  preproinsulin
(45 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
T1D (15 times)
HLA (4 times)
PDX-1 (4 times)
1986 The NH2 terminus of preproinsulin directs the translocation and glycosylation of a bacterial cytoplasmic protein by mammalian microsomal membranes.
19  penile prosthesis implantation
(35 times)
Urology
(24 times)
ED (17 times)
IIEF (5 times)
PD (5 times)
2010 [Clinical efficacy and patient satisfaction with penile prosthesis implantation for the treatment of severe erectile dysfunction].
20  phosphoinositide
(31 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PLC (4 times)
IP (3 times)
4-DAMP (2 times)
1987 Differential receptor occupancy requirements for muscarinic cholinergic stimulation of inositol lipid hydrolysis in brain and in neuroblastomas.
21  pulse pressure index
(30 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
PP (5 times)
RI (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
1989 [Electric left ventricular hypertrophy and pulsatile component of arterial pressure in a population study].
22  periprosthetic infection
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
THA (4 times)
CRP (2 times)
ESR (2 times)
1991 Risk factors for immediate prosthetic postmastectomy reconstruction.
23  peripheral perfusion index
(23 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
SV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CRT (2 times)
2007 Noninvasive peripheral perfusion index as a possible tool for screening for critical left heart obstruction.
24  positive psychology interventions
(19 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
WLC (3 times)
CBT (2 times)
Brief IPQ (1 time)
2016 Effects of Positive Psychology Interventions on Risk Biomarkers in Coronary Patients: A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Pilot Trial.
25  purified pork insulin
(19 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
BHI (7 times)
FFA (2 times)
HI (2 times)
1981 Biologic and immunologic in vivo and in vitro studies with biosynthetic human insulin.
26  peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
IIS (2 times)
PDI (2 times)
BBIs (1 time)
1988 Catalysis of proline isomerization during protein-folding reactions.
27  partially parallel imaging
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(11 times)
GRAPPA (6 times)
SNR (5 times)
MRI (2 times)
2002 Detection and elimination of motion artifacts by regeneration of k-space.
28  psychophysiological interaction analysis
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
fMRI (5 times)
HC (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2005 The neural correlates and functional integration of cognitive control in a Stroop task.
29  percutaneous peripheral intervention
(16 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
UFH (4 times)
PAD (3 times)
SFA (2 times)
2003 Bivalirudin as a foundation anticoagulant in peripheral vascular disease: a safe and feasible alternative for renal and iliac interventions.
30  Present Pain Index
(14 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
VAS (7 times)
PRI (4 times)
SF-MPQ (3 times)
1995 A method for scoring the pain map of the McGill Pain Questionnaire for use in epidemiologic studies.
31  peptidyl prolyl isomerase
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CypA (3 times)
PDI (3 times)
PRL (3 times)
1996 New components of protein folding in extracytoplasmic compartments of Escherichia coli SurA, FkpA and Skp/OmpH.
32  posterior probability interval
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
MAP (4 times)
IHA (3 times)
Se (3 times)
2004 Hierarchical Bayes multiple-breed inference with an application to genetic evaluation of a Nelore-Hereford population.
33  pulse polio immunization
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
OPV (4 times)
AFP (1 time)
AWWs (1 time)
1996 Evaluation of mass pulse immunization with oral polio vaccine in Delhi: is pre-registration of children necessary?
34  protein phosphatase inhibition
(11 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
ELISA (3 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MC-LR (2 times)
1995 [Effects of chronic administration of antidepressants on microtubule assembly in rat cerebral cortex].
35  pulmonary permeability index
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ALI (4 times)
MDA (4 times)
BALF (3 times)
2002 Effect of crystalloid resuscitation and inhalation injury on extravascular lung water: clinical implications.
36  paired-pulse index
(10 times)
Brain
(5 times)
IPI (4 times)
SWS (4 times)
REM (3 times)
1989 Paired-pulse facilitation and inhibition in the dentate gyrus is dependent on behavioral state.
37  patient package insert
(10 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CMI (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
MG (1 time)
1980 Patient package inserts: goals, success measures and research needs.
38  poly(propyleneimine) dendrimer
(10 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PAMAM (2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2003 Comparison of PAMAM-Au and PPI-Au nanocomposites and their catalytic activity for reduction of 4-nitrophenol.
39  polyproline I
(10 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PPII (10 times)
CD (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2006 Conformational preferences of proline oligopeptides.
40  portal perfusion index
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
DSRS (2 times)
CER (1 time)
CTPI (1 time)
1983 Relationship between placental perfusion and endocrine parameters of pregnants in cases of intrauterine growth retardation.
41  postprandial plasma insulin
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
FPI (10 times)
PPG (8 times)
FPG (7 times)
2003 Comparison between repaglinide and glimepiride in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a one-year, randomized, double-blind assessment of metabolic parameters and cardiovascular risk factors.
42  prepulse inhibition test
(10 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LPS (2 times)
PND (2 times)
AAPA (1 time)
2006 Neurobehavioral and immunological consequences of prenatal immune activation in rats. Influence of antipsychotics.
43  pachymetric progression indices
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
ART (5 times)
CCT (3 times)
BAD-D (2 times)
2011 Novel pachymetric parameters based on corneal tomography for diagnosing keratoconus.
44  paramedian pontine infarction
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LPI (5 times)
BA (4 times)
HR-MRI (2 times)
2005 High-resolution MRI identifies basilar artery plaques in paramedian pontine infarct.
45  patient-physician interaction
(9 times)
Education, Medical
(6 times)
CPX (4 times)
OSCE (2 times)
EI (1 time)
2010 Comparison of Patient-Physician Interaction (PPI) Evaluation between Different Grade Medical Students.
46  protein-protein
(9 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DEGs (2 times)
CMap (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
2013 Combining small molecules for cell reprogramming through an interatomic analysis.
47  pump inhibitor
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
EoE (3 times)
BE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2006 Endoscopic surveillance of Barrett's Esophagus. Personal experience.
48  perceived pain intensity
(8 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1999 Medical hypnosis and orthopedic hand surgery: pain perception, postoperative recovery, and therapeutic comfort.
49  Patient preference information
(7 times)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
(3 times)
FDA (2 times)
CDRH (1 time)
DBMD (1 time)
2017 Advancing the science of patient input throughout the regulatory decision-making process.
50  postprimary immunization
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PSI (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HIG (2 times)
1985 Divergent selection of chickens for antibody response to sheep erythrocytes: kinetics of primary and secondary immunizations.
51  present pain intensity scale
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
VAS (4 times)
MPQ (2 times)
SF-MPQ (2 times)
1991 A possible indicator of functional pain: poor pain scale correlation.
52  protein-protein network
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DEGs (3 times)
GEO (3 times)
qRT-PCR (3 times)
2016 Identification of differentially expressed genes in the development of osteosarcoma using RNA-seq.
53  papilla presence index
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
GI (2 times)
PI (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
2004 The Papilla Presence Index (PPI): a new system to assess interproximal papillary levels.
54  peak-to-peak interval
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PPG (4 times)
ECG (3 times)
HF (3 times)
2009 Influence of respiratory rate on the variability of blood volume pulse characteristics.
55  polymeric precipitation inhibitor
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
super-SNEDDS (3 times)
APR (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2012 Lipid digestion as a trigger for supersaturation: evaluation of the impact of supersaturation stabilization on the in vitro and in vivo performance of self-emulsifying drug delivery systems.
56  PPI group
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
PPIs (4 times)
CDI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Risk and Severity of Hospital-Acquired Clostridium difficile Infection in Patients Taking Proton Pump Inhibitors.
57  psychophysiological insomnia
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ADR (1 time)
BTM (1 time)
BZD (1 time)
2003 Personality features in a sample of psychophysiological insomnia patients.
58  pulse-to-pulse interval
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
PPG (4 times)
ANS (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
2007 Poincare plot analysis for pulse interval extracted from non-contact photoplethysmography.
59  pupillary pain index
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
NoL (2 times)
SPI (2 times)
2018 Pain assessment by pupil dilation reflex in response to noxious stimulation in anaesthetized adults.
60  patients: prepulse inhibition
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
alpha2-ARs (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
1998 Adrenergic alpha2C-receptors modulate the acoustic startle reflex, prepulse inhibition, and aggression in mice.
61  per person index
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
BI (3 times)
DID (1 time)
DOE (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of the effectiveness of insecticide treated materials for household level dengue vector control.
62  performed psychophysiological interaction
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
fMRI (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2012 Re-appraisal of negative emotions in cocaine dependence: dysfunctional corticolimbic activation and connectivity.
63  permanent pacemaker insertion
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
LBBB (2 times)
TAVI (2 times)
2002 Anomalies of cardiac venous drainage associated with abnormalities of cardiac conduction system.
64  physician-patient interaction
(5 times)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
CPX (4 times)
IIRS (2 times)
SPs (2 times)
1994 A pilot experience with competency-based clinical skills assessment in a surgical clerkship.
65  positive pressure irrigation
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PUI (4 times)
CUI (2 times)
CANUI (1 time)
2011 Radiographic reference limits for cardiac width in peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus).
66  postpartum interval to estrus
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
LH (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1982 Short estrous cycles in postpartum cows as influenced by level of milk production, suckling, diet, season of calving and interval to first estrus.
67  pressure passivity index
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
MAP (3 times)
NIRS (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
2004 Identification of pressure passive cerebral perfusion and its mediators after infant cardiac surgery.
68  proliferative potential index
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ALL (2 times)
CT (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1979 Proliferative index estimated by chromatin pattern analysis.
69  papillary index
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DL (2 times)
IL (2 times)
mBI (2 times)
2006 Effect of flapless implant surgery on soft tissue profile: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
70  paternal preconceptional irradiation
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LNHL (2 times)
HSE (1 time)
1993 Childhood leukaemia and non-Hodgkins lymphoma in young people living close to nuclear reprocessing sites.
71  patient physiological image
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
VCRS (2 times)
ESRD (1 time)
VPN (1 time)
2003 Virtual center for renal support: technological approach to patient physiological image.
72  penile prosthesis implant
(4 times)
Urology
(3 times)
CCH (1 time)
ED (1 time)
FSFI (1 time)
2019 Penile prosthesis implant in the special populations: diabetics, neurogenic conditions, fibrotic cases, concurrent urinary continence surgery, and salvage implants.
73  peripheral percutaneous interventions
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
GP (2 times)
APPROVE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2005 Predictors of in-hospital and 30-day complications of peripheral vascular interventions using bivalirudin as the primary anticoagulant: results from the APPROVE Registry.
74  plant parasite index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MI (2 times)
A-A (1 time)
A-C (1 time)
2000 Biotic indices based on soil nematode communities for assessing soil quality in terrestrial ecosystems.
75  poly(phenyl isocyanide)
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ee (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2002 Macromolecular chirality induction on optically inactive poly(4-carboxyphenyl isocyanide) with chiral amines: a dynamic conformational transition of poly(phenyl isocyanide) derivatives.
76  population prediction interval
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
--- 2000 Estimating the time to extinction in an island population of song sparrows.
77  positive perilymph image
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
MRC (3 times)
EH (2 times)
hT2W-3D-FLAIR (2 times)
2014 Time course for measuring endolymphatic size in healthy volunteers following intravenous administration of gadoteridol.
78  postprandial insulin
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
PPG (3 times)
T2DM (2 times)
APFC (1 time)
2010 Glycemic control with preprandial versus basal insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus poorly controlled by oral antidiabetes agents.
79  preconception, paternal irradiation
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CFUs (3 times)
MNU (3 times)
1998 Tumour induction by methyl-nitroso-urea following preconceptional paternal contamination with plutonium-239.
80  pulse power index
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
LVAD (3 times)
PI (2 times)
TAH (2 times)
1998 Estimation of the native cardiac output from a rotary blood pump flow: in vitro study.
81  pump proton inhibitor
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
EFTs (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2016 Recurrence and death after Clostridium difficile infection: gender-dependant influence of proton pump inhibitor therapy.
82  Parent Perception Inventory
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
PACQLQ (1 time)
1983 Children's perceptions of parental behaviors.
83  penile prosthesis infections
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CHG (1 time)
PVI (1 time)
2000 [Penile prosthesis for erectile dysfunction--long-term follow-up].
84  periodically polarity-inverted
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
SHG (1 time)
2008 Ordered arrays of ZnO nanorods grown on periodically polarity-inverted surfaces.
85  Personal Progress Index
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
CaRMS (1 time)
MCCQE1 (1 time)
NRC (1 time)
1996 Introducing progress testing in McMaster University's problem-based medical curriculum: psychometric properties and effect on learning.
86  phenotypic plasticity index
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LMA (1 time)
SL (1 time)
Tr (1 time)
2011 [Effects of shading on photosynthesis characteristics of Photinia x frasery and Aucuba japonica var. variegata].
87  phthalate pollution index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BCF (2 times)
BSAF (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
2015 Environmental occurrence and biota concentration of phthalate esters in Epe and Lagos Lagoons, Nigeria.
88  pixel purity index
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AMEE (1 time)
CHRIS (1 time)
EMs (1 time)
2009 Comparison Between Fractional Vegetation Cover Retrievals from Vegetation Indices and Spectral Mixture Analysis: Case Study of PROBA/CHRIS Data Over an Agricultural Area.
89  plant-parasitic index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MI (2 times)
BER (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2014 Nematodes as bioindicators of ecosystem recovery during phytoremediation of crude oil contaminated soil.
90  plasmin-plasmin inhibitor complexes
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DD (2 times)
APTT (1 time)
CAFM (1 time)
1998 Enhanced blood coagulation and enhanced fibrinolysis during hemodialysis with prostacyclin.
91  pneumonia prognosis index
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CAP (2 times)
FD (1 time)
FI (1 time)
2002 Community-acquired pneumonia in older veterans: does the pneumonia prognosis index help?
92  Polyphenol-protein interaction
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2006 Significance of phenol-protein interactions in modifying the antioxidant capacity of peas.
93  poor prepulse inhibition
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
DA (1 time)
2000 Discrete and continuous prepulses have differential effects on startle prepulse inhibition and skin conductance orienting.
94  post-primary infection
(3 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
CFSE (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
gammaGT (1 time)
2000 Humoral immune response in calves to single-dose, trickle and challenge infections with Fasciola hepatica.
95  posterior probability of inclusion
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
Chr (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
2013 Symptom clusters of pain, depressed mood, and fatigue in lung cancer: assessing the role of cytokine genes.
96  PP Interval
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SA (2 times)
AF (1 time)
APD (1 time)
2008 An experimental study on the site dependency and mechanism of vagal denervation following radiofrequency catheter ablation for supraventricular arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation.
97  pre-plant incorporation
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
Drip NP (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2015 Applying insecticides through drip irrigation to reduce wireworm (Coleoptera: Elateridae) feeding damage in sweet potato.
98  prestudy patient and public involvement
(3 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
IMI (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2020 mHealth: providing a mindfulness app for women with chronic pelvic pain in gynaecology outpatient clinics: qualitative data analysis of user experience and lessons learnt.
99  protein phosphatase I
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
apoAI (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1994 Establishment of a human small-cell lung-cancer subline resistant to okadaic acid.
100  pseudo-patella-infera
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
dCDI (2 times)
TKA (2 times)
TPI (2 times)
2017 How is patella height modified after total knee arthroplasty?