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Abbreviation: PPI
Appearance Frequency: 8134 time(s)
Long forms: 349

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
proton pump inhibitor
(2520 times)
Gastroenterology
(1011 times)
GERD (523 times)
CI (126 times)
GI (96 times)
1992 [Recurrent peptic ulcer after gastric surgery].
protein-protein interaction
(2139 times)
Medical Informatics
(382 times)
DEGs (522 times)
GO (340 times)
KEGG (157 times)
2000 Inhibiting protein-protein interactions: a model for antagonist design.
prepulse inhibition
(1567 times)
Psychopharmacology
(473 times)
ASR (169 times)
DA (95 times)
NMDA (83 times)
1987 [Effect of RO 15-1788 and RO 5-4684 on the evoked activity of neurons in hippocampal sections].
psychophysiological interaction
(174 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(45 times)
fMRI (55 times)
DLPFC (13 times)
dACC (11 times)
2005 The neural correlates and functional integration of cognitive control in a Stroop task.
prepulse inhibition of startle
(145 times)
Psychopharmacology
(48 times)
DA (6 times)
KO (6 times)
mPFC (6 times)
1996 Functional behavioral homology between rat 5-HT1B and guinea pig 5-HT1D receptors in the modulation of prepulse inhibition of startle.
patient and public involvement
(139 times)
Health Services Research
(37 times)
NHS (5 times)
NIHR (4 times)
RCT (3 times)
2005 Vantage point.
poly(propylene imine)
(107 times)
Chemistry
(35 times)
PAMAM (22 times)
PEI (6 times)
PTX (5 times)
2002 Construction and probing of multisite chiral catalysts: dendrimer fixation of c2-symmetrical diphosphinerhodium complexes.
present pain intensity
(86 times)
Complementary Therapies
(19 times)
VAS (47 times)
PRI (19 times)
SF-MPQ (13 times)
1981 Examination of electrode placements and stimulating parameters in treating chronic pain with conventional transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).
polyphosphoinositide
(80 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
PI (13 times)
PA (8 times)
NMDA (6 times)
1981 Rapid incorporation in vivo of intracerebrally injected 32Pi into polyphosphoinositides of three subfractions of rat brain myelin.
10  post-prostatectomy incontinence
(70 times)
Urology
(49 times)
AUS (14 times)
RARP (5 times)
RP (5 times)
1998 Pelvic muscle rehabilitation in males following prostatectomy.
11  Psychopathic Personality Inventory
(70 times)
Psychology
(32 times)
FD (8 times)
PCL-R (8 times)
SCI (7 times)
1996 Development and preliminary validation of a self-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in noncriminal populations.
12  permanent pacemaker implantation
(57 times)
Cardiology
(39 times)
TAVI (19 times)
TAVR (9 times)
CI (8 times)
2004 Time to metabolic atrophy after permanent prostate seed implantation based on magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging.
13  Palliative Prognostic Index
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PPS (8 times)
CI (4 times)
PaP (4 times)
1999 The Palliative Prognostic Index: a scoring system for survival prediction of terminally ill cancer patients.
14  postpacing interval
(41 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
TCL (19 times)
AVNRT (7 times)
VT (7 times)
1984 Effect of energy intake on the postpartum interval in beef cows and the adequacy of the cow's milk production for calf growth.
15  pea protein isolate
(39 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
LF (3 times)
SPI (3 times)
CD (2 times)
2003 Response of early-weaned pigs to an enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (K88) challenge when fed diets containing spray-dried porcine plasma or pea protein isolate plus egg yolk antibody.
16  preproinsulin
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
T1D (7 times)
PDX-1 (4 times)
HLA (3 times)
1986 The NH2 terminus of preproinsulin directs the translocation and glycosylation of a bacterial cytoplasmic protein by mammalian microsomal membranes.
17  phosphoinositide
(30 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PLC (4 times)
IP (3 times)
4-DAMP (2 times)
1987 Differential receptor occupancy requirements for muscarinic cholinergic stimulation of inositol lipid hydrolysis in brain and in neuroblastomas.
18  Polyphyllin I
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
EMT (3 times)
MTT (3 times)
2010 Effects of polyphyllin I on growth inhibition of human non-small lung cancer cells and in xenograft.
19  pulse pressure index
(24 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
RI (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
PP (3 times)
1989 [Electric left ventricular hypertrophy and pulsatile component of arterial pressure in a population study].
20  penile prosthesis implantation
(22 times)
Urology
(15 times)
ED (9 times)
IIEF (5 times)
EDITS (3 times)
2010 [Clinical efficacy and patient satisfaction with penile prosthesis implantation for the treatment of severe erectile dysfunction].
21  purified pork insulin
(19 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
BHI (7 times)
FFA (2 times)
HI (2 times)
1981 Biologic and immunologic in vivo and in vitro studies with biosynthetic human insulin.
22  peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
IIS (2 times)
PDI (2 times)
BBIs (1 time)
1988 Catalysis of proline isomerization during protein-folding reactions.
23  public and patient involvement
(18 times)
Health Services Research
(5 times)
NIHR (2 times)
EDs (1 time)
HTA (1 time)
2009 Staff must understand public and patient involvement better.
24  partially parallel imaging
(16 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
GRAPPA (5 times)
SNR (5 times)
MRI (2 times)
2002 Detection and elimination of motion artifacts by regeneration of k-space.
25  percutaneous peripheral intervention
(14 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
UFH (3 times)
PAD (2 times)
SFA (2 times)
2003 Bivalirudin as a foundation anticoagulant in peripheral vascular disease: a safe and feasible alternative for renal and iliac interventions.
26  periprosthetic infection
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
THA (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
ESR (1 time)
1991 Risk factors for immediate prosthetic postmastectomy reconstruction.
27  pulse polio immunization
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
OPV (4 times)
AFP (1 time)
AWWs (1 time)
1996 Evaluation of mass pulse immunization with oral polio vaccine in Delhi: is pre-registration of children necessary?
28  protein phosphatase inhibition
(11 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
ELISA (3 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MC-LR (2 times)
1995 [Effects of chronic administration of antidepressants on microtubule assembly in rat cerebral cortex].
29  paired-pulse index
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
IPI (4 times)
SWS (4 times)
REM (3 times)
1989 Paired-pulse facilitation and inhibition in the dentate gyrus is dependent on behavioral state.
30  peptidyl prolyl isomerase
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PDI (3 times)
CsA (2 times)
CypB (2 times)
1996 New components of protein folding in extracytoplasmic compartments of Escherichia coli SurA, FkpA and Skp/OmpH.
31  portal perfusion index
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
DSRS (2 times)
CER (1 time)
CTPI (1 time)
1983 Relationship between placental perfusion and endocrine parameters of pregnants in cases of intrauterine growth retardation.
32  positive psychology interventions
(10 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
CBT (2 times)
Brief IPQ (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
2016 Effects of Positive Psychology Interventions on Risk Biomarkers in Coronary Patients: A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Pilot Trial.
33  Present Pain Index
(10 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
VAS (5 times)
PRI (4 times)
SF-MPQ (3 times)
1995 A method for scoring the pain map of the McGill Pain Questionnaire for use in epidemiologic studies.
34  pulmonary permeability index
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
MDA (4 times)
ALI (3 times)
MPO (3 times)
2002 Effect of crystalloid resuscitation and inhalation injury on extravascular lung water: clinical implications.
35  patient package insert
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CMI (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
MG (1 time)
1980 Patient package inserts: goals, success measures and research needs.
36  poly(propyleneimine) dendrimer
(9 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PAMAM (2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
2002 Comparison of PAMAM-Au and PPI-Au nanocomposites and their catalytic activity for reduction of 4-nitrophenol.
37  polyproline I
(9 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PPII (9 times)
CD (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2006 Conformational preferences of proline oligopeptides.
38  posterior probability interval
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
MAP (3 times)
IHA (2 times)
AM (1 time)
2004 Hierarchical Bayes multiple-breed inference with an application to genetic evaluation of a Nelore-Hereford population.
39  postprandial plasma insulin
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
FPI (9 times)
PPG (8 times)
FPG (7 times)
2003 Comparison between repaglinide and glimepiride in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a one-year, randomized, double-blind assessment of metabolic parameters and cardiovascular risk factors.
40  patient-physician interaction
(8 times)
Education, Medical
(5 times)
CPX (4 times)
EI (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2010 Comparison of Patient-Physician Interaction (PPI) Evaluation between Different Grade Medical Students.
41  perceived pain intensity
(8 times)
Pain Management
(2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1999 Medical hypnosis and orthopedic hand surgery: pain perception, postoperative recovery, and therapeutic comfort.
42  peripheral perfusion index
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
LBNP (2 times)
SV (2 times)
APACHE II (1 time)
2007 Noninvasive peripheral perfusion index as a possible tool for screening for critical left heart obstruction.
43  paramedian pontine infarction
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BA (4 times)
LPI (4 times)
HR-MRI (2 times)
2005 High-resolution MRI identifies basilar artery plaques in paramedian pontine infarct.
44  postprimary immunization
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
PSI (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HIG (2 times)
1985 Divergent selection of chickens for antibody response to sheep erythrocytes: kinetics of primary and secondary immunizations.
45  plant-parasitic index
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MI (3 times)
BER (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2000 Biotic indices based on soil nematode communities for assessing soil quality in terrestrial ecosystems.
46  present pain intensity score
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
VAS (4 times)
MPQ (2 times)
11 PLS (1 time)
1991 A possible indicator of functional pain: poor pain scale correlation.
47  pulse-to-pulse interval
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
PPG (4 times)
ANS (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
2005 Poincare plot analysis for pulse interval extracted from non-contact photoplethysmography.
48  pump inhibitor
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
EoE (3 times)
BE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2002 Endoscopic surveillance of Barrett's Esophagus. Personal experience.
49  pachymetric progression indices
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ART (5 times)
CCT (2 times)
KC (2 times)
2011 Novel pachymetric parameters based on corneal tomography for diagnosing keratoconus.
50  peak-to-peak interval
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PPG (3 times)
ECG (2 times)
DCT (1 time)
2009 Influence of respiratory rate on the variability of blood volume pulse characteristics.
51  postpartum interval to estrus
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
AAP (1 time)
AH (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1982 Short estrous cycles in postpartum cows as influenced by level of milk production, suckling, diet, season of calving and interval to first estrus.
52  potentials, prepulse inhibition
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
alpha2-ARs (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
1998 Adrenergic alpha2C-receptors modulate the acoustic startle reflex, prepulse inhibition, and aggression in mice.
53  proliferative potential index
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ALL (2 times)
CT (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1979 Proliferative index estimated by chromatin pattern analysis.
54  psychophysiological insomnia
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ADR (1 time)
BTM (1 time)
BZD (1 time)
2003 Personality features in a sample of psychophysiological insomnia patients.
55  papilla presence index
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CAL (1 time)
DBM (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2004 The Papilla Presence Index (PPI): a new system to assess interproximal papillary levels.
56  paternal preconceptional irradiation
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LNHL (2 times)
HSE (1 time)
1993 Childhood leukaemia and non-Hodgkins lymphoma in young people living close to nuclear reprocessing sites.
57  patient physiological image
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
VCRS (2 times)
ESRD (1 time)
VPN (1 time)
2002 Virtual center for renal support: technological approach to patient physiological image.
58  per person index
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
BI (1 time)
IIS (1 time)
ITMs (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of the effectiveness of insecticide treated materials for household level dengue vector control.
59  peripheral percutaneous interventions
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
GP (2 times)
APPROVE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2005 Predictors of in-hospital and 30-day complications of peripheral vascular interventions using bivalirudin as the primary anticoagulant: results from the APPROVE Registry.
60  physician-patient interaction
(4 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CPX (3 times)
IIRS (2 times)
SPs (2 times)
1994 A pilot experience with competency-based clinical skills assessment in a surgical clerkship.
61  pixel purity index
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SMACC (2 times)
SMSE (2 times)
USGS (2 times)
2009 Comparison Between Fractional Vegetation Cover Retrievals from Vegetation Indices and Spectral Mixture Analysis: Case Study of PROBA/CHRIS Data Over an Agricultural Area.
62  population prediction interval
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
--- 2000 Estimating the time to extinction in an island population of song sparrows.
63  poultry protein isolate
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
SPI (3 times)
AGE (1 time)
alpha-DC (1 time)
2012 Use of poultry protein isolate as a food ingredient: sensory and color characteristics of low-fat Turkey bologna.
64  PPI group
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
H2RB (2 times)
CDI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Risk and Severity of Hospital-Acquired Clostridium difficile Infection in Patients Taking Proton Pump Inhibitors.
65  preconceptional paternal irradiation
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CFUs (3 times)
MNU (3 times)
1998 Tumour induction by methyl-nitroso-urea following preconceptional paternal contamination with plutonium-239.
66  pressure-passive index
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
MAP (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
HbD (2 times)
2005 Identification of pressure passive cerebral perfusion and its mediators after infant cardiac surgery.
67  pulse power index
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
LVAD (3 times)
PI (2 times)
TAH (2 times)
1998 Estimation of the native cardiac output from a rotary blood pump flow: in vitro study.
68  papillary index
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DL (2 times)
IL (2 times)
mBI (2 times)
2006 Effect of flapless implant surgery on soft tissue profile: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
69  Parent Perception Inventory
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
PACQLQ (1 time)
1983 Children's perceptions of parental behaviors.
70  performed psychophysiological interaction
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
2014 Re-appraisal of negative emotions in cocaine dependence: dysfunctional corticolimbic activation and connectivity.
71  periodically polarity-inverted
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
SHG (1 time)
2008 Ordered arrays of ZnO nanorods grown on periodically polarity-inverted surfaces.
72  plasmin-plasmin inhibitor complexes
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DD (2 times)
APTT (1 time)
CAFM (1 time)
1997 Enhanced blood coagulation and enhanced fibrinolysis during hemodialysis with prostacyclin.
73  pneumonia prognosis index
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CAP (2 times)
FD (1 time)
FI (1 time)
2002 Community-acquired pneumonia in older veterans: does the pneumonia prognosis index help?
74  poly(phenyl isocyanide)
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ee (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
2002 Macromolecular chirality induction on optically inactive poly(4-carboxyphenyl isocyanide) with chiral amines: a dynamic conformational transition of poly(phenyl isocyanide) derivatives.
75  polymeric precipitation inhibitor
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CIN (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2012 Lipid digestion as a trigger for supersaturation: evaluation of the impact of supersaturation stabilization on the in vitro and in vivo performance of self-emulsifying drug delivery systems.
76  Polyphenol-protein interaction
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2006 Significance of phenol-protein interactions in modifying the antioxidant capacity of peas.
77  positive pressure irrigation
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CUI (2 times)
PUI (2 times)
CW (1 time)
2011 Radiographic reference limits for cardiac width in peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus).
78  preplant-incorporated
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
Drip NP (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
HH (1 time)
2016 Applying insecticides through drip irrigation to reduce wireworm (Coleoptera: Elateridae) feeding damage in sweet potato.
79  producing prepulse inhibition
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
DA (1 time)
2000 Discrete and continuous prepulses have differential effects on startle prepulse inhibition and skin conductance orienting.
80  protein-protein
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CPI (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
DEG (1 time)
2013 Combining small molecules for cell reprogramming through an interatomic analysis.
81  psychoeducational parenting intervention
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CPP (2 times)
CS (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2006 Fostering secure attachment in infants in maltreating families through preventive interventions.
82  3-phenylpropionyl isothiocyanate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NPAI (2 times)
H3R (1 time)
2008 Efficient approaches to S-alkyl-N-alkylisothioureas: syntheses of histamine H3 antagonist clobenpropit and its analogues.
83  4-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)-7-(t-butyl)-pyrazolo-3,4-d-pyrimidine
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
JAK (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2003 STAT signaling in ischemic heart: a role of STAT5A in ischemic preconditioning.
84  Palliative Performance Index
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
APACHE (2 times)
GCS (2 times)
ACUs (1 time)
2010 APACHE IV versus PPI for predicting community hospital ICU mortality.
85  parametric perfusion imaging
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
SCR (2 times)
DCE-US (1 time)
rMoCo (1 time)
2018 Abdominal parametric perfusion imaging with respiratory motion-compensation based on contrast-enhanced ultrasound: In-vivo validation.
86  Patella-post impingement
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
TKA (2 times)
TPC (2 times)
2017 Impingement of the patellar component against the tibial post after posterior stabilized and constrained TKA: a pilot study.
87  Patient preference information
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
DBMD (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
US (1 time)
2018 Prostate Ablation Using High Intensity Focused Ultrasound: A Literature Review of the Potential Role for Patient Preference Information.
88  patient-provided information
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EMR (1 time)
NLP (1 time)
2016 Exploring Gaps of Family History Documentation in EHR for Precision Medicine -A Case Study of Familial Hypercholesterolemia Ascertainment.
89  peak-to-peak pulsatility index
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PSV (1 time)
1997 One-point measurement of the peak-to-peak pulsatility index as an indicator for evaluation of infrainguinal bypass procedures.
90  penile prosthesis infection
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2000 [Penile prosthesis for erectile dysfunction--long-term follow-up].
91  per patient index
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PRBC (1 time)
2008 Usage of blood products in multiple-casualty incidents: the experience of a level I trauma center in Israel.
92  percutaneous peptide immunization
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
MM (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2006 Induction of therapeutically relevant cytotoxic T lymphocytes in humans by percutaneous peptide immunization.
93  percutaneous polidocanol injection
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous polidocanol sclerotherapy in benign predominantly cystic thyroid nodules: a prospective study.
94  periodic prophylactic bladder instillation
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
POI (1 time)
1982 [Periodic prophylactic bladder instillation (PPI) of mitomycin C].
95  persistent primary insomnia
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
PSG (1 time)
1999 The significance and management of persistent primary insomnia: the past, present and future of behavioral insomnia therapies.
96  Personal Progress Index
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
--- 1996 Introducing progress testing in McMaster University's problem-based medical curriculum: psychometric properties and effect on learning.
97  perturbed path-integral
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
NQE (1 time)
PIMD (1 time)
RDFs (1 time)
2016 Modeling quantum nuclei with perturbed path integral molecular dynamics.
98  Pharma Price Information
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
OECD (1 time)
PPP (1 time)
2016 Cancer drugs in 16 European countries, Australia, and New Zealand: a cross-country price comparison study.
99  phenotypic plasticity index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Effects of shading on photosynthesis characteristics of Photinia x frasery and Aucuba japonica var. variegata].
100  phthalate pollution index
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BCF (2 times)
BSAF (2 times)
DBP (1 time)
2015 Environmental occurrence and biota concentration of phthalate esters in Epe and Lagos Lagoons, Nigeria.