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Abbreviation: PPN
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Long forms: 145

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
pedunculopontine nucleus
(308 times)
Neurology
(156 times)
PD (87 times)
DBS (73 times)
STN (38 times)
1976 Projections of the globus pallidus and adjacent structures: an autoradiographic study in the monkey.
pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus
(54 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
SNr (7 times)
DBS (6 times)
PD (5 times)
1987 A cholinergic projection to the rat substantia nigra from the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus.
peripheral parenteral nutrition
(54 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(19 times)
TPN (9 times)
EN (7 times)
CPN (4 times)
1975 [Partial parenteral nutrition in acute myocardial infarction (author's transl)].
plant-parasitic nematodes
(24 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(3 times)
EPN (2 times)
HGT (2 times)
ISR (2 times)
2003 Parasitic nematode interactions with mammals and plants.
pedunculopontine
(23 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
STN (5 times)
LDT (4 times)
SN (4 times)
1981 The nucleus tegmenti pedunculopontinus and circling behaviour in the rat.
propranolol
(9 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
DMPC (2 times)
AAGs (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
1990 Unilateral neuroleptic-induced akathisia.
peripheral polyneuropathy
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HD (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
CMAP (1 time)
1980 Plasma cell neoplasia with peripheral polyneuropathy. A study of five cases and a review of the literature.
Paraproteinemic neuropathy
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CIDP (2 times)
MAG (2 times)
MG (2 times)
1990 [Humoral antibodies in immune mediated neuropathy].
periventricular preoptic nucleus
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MPA (5 times)
MPN (4 times)
LPA (3 times)
1990 Hypothalamic regulation of circadian noradrenergic input to the chick pineal gland.
10  painful peripheral neuropathy
(6 times)
Virology
(2 times)
SF-MPQ (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
1990 Axonal atrophy in the painful peripheral neuropathy in AIDS.
11  peroxypropionyl nitrate
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PAN (4 times)
AVOCs (1 time)
CPAN (1 time)
1990 Comparison of mutagenic activities of several peroxyacyl nitrates.
12  propranolol hydrochloride
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MAS (2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2000 Drug release kinetics from polymeric films containing propranolol hydrochloride for transdermal use.
13  pseudo-pronuclei
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
SCNT (2 times)
ICI (1 time)
iSCNT (1 time)
1987 The occurrence, recognition and developmental fate of pseudo-multipronuclear eggs after in-vitro fertilization of human oocytes.
14  Pediatric Prevention Network
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
NICU (2 times)
PICU (2 times)
BSI (1 time)
2001 Infection control programs at children's hospitals: a description of structures and processes.
15  peripeduncular nucleus
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
VMN (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1982 Investigation of peripeduncular-hypothalamic pathways involved in the control of lordosis in the rat.
16  peripheral pulmonary nodule
(4 times)
Respiratory Tract Infections
(1 time)
FB (2 times)
CT (1 time)
LTR (1 time)
1994 Videothoracoscopic wedge resection for peripheral pulmonary nodules.
17  post-operative parenteral nutrition
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
LOS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1982 Preoperative parenteral feeding in patients with gastrointestinal carcinoma.
18  painful polyneuropathies
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MFT (1 time)
PHN (1 time)
PN (1 time)
1991 Contact thermography of painful diabetic neuropathic foot.
19  peripancreatic necrosis
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CPN (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2016 Isolated Peripancreatic Necrosis in Acute Pancreatitis Is Infrequent and Leads to Severe Clinical Course Only When Extensive: A Prospective Study From a US Tertiary Center.
20  phenylpropionitrile
(3 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
BN (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2001 Enzymatic characterization of the recombinant Arabidopsis thaliana nitrilase subfamily encoded by the NIT2/NIT1/NIT3-gene cluster.
21  poly-pronuclear
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
IVF (1 time)
1999 Pronuclear location before the first cell division determines ploidy of polyspermic pig embryos.
22  Pre-Pottery Neolithic
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PPNB (1 time)
2012 Squaring the circle. Social and environmental implications of pre-pottery neolithic building technology at Tell Qarassa (South Syria).
23  prostate and pelvic node
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MCS (2 times)
DynaLog (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2012 Implementation of phantom-less IMRT delivery verification using Varian DynaLog files and R/V output.
24  pyriproxyfen
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
IGR (1 time)
JH (1 time)
Vg (1 time)
2000 Inhibition of vitellogenin synthesis in Apis mellifera workers by a juvenile hormone analogue, pyriproxyfen.
25  (Mt)-propranolol
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAGs (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2013 Drug-Drug Interactions within Protein Cavities Probed by Triplet-Triplet Energy Transfer.
26  parametrized post-Newtonian
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2007 New post-Newtonian parameter to test Chern-Simons gravity.
27  pedunculopontine neurons
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ENTO (1 time)
GP (1 time)
NCS-1 (1 time)
1983 An electrophysiological characterization of projections from the pedunculopontine area to entopeduncular nucleus and globus pallidus in the cat.
28  percentage of positive nodes
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CSM (1 time)
NPN (1 time)
NRN (1 time)
2012 Node-positive renal cell carcinoma in the absence of distant metastases: predictors of cancer-specific mortality in a population-based cohort.
29  peripheral PN
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PN (2 times)
MVs (1 time)
POD (1 time)
2016 Adding Biotin to Parenteral Nutrition Solutions Without Lipid Accelerates the Growth of Candida albicans.
30  Plumpy'nut()
(2 times)
Lung Diseases
(1 time)
CHWs (1 time)
PLW (1 time)
RUTF (1 time)
2013 Peanut-based ready-to-use therapeutic food: acceptability among malnourished children and community workers in Bangladesh.
31  polyneuropathy
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
ENG (1 time)
MAG (1 time)
1984 The binding of human IgM paraprotein from cases of polyneuropathy associated with benign monoclonal gammopathy to specific neurons of the rodent brain.
32  porous polymer network
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2011 Sulfonate-grafted porous polymer networks for preferential CO2 adsorption at low pressure.
33  posterior pretectal nucleus
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
APNc (1 time)
Dk (1 time)
EW (1 time)
1979 The posterior pretectal nucleus: evidence for a direct projection to the inferior olive of the cat.
34  PPNpd
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1986 A cholinergic projection to the rat superior colliculus demonstrated by retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase and choline acetyltransferase immunohistochemistry.
35  pre-degenerated peripheral nerve
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BMSCs (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
ChABC (1 time)
2015 The Morphofunctional Effect of the Transplantation of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells and Predegenerated Peripheral Nerve in Chronic Paraplegic Rat Model via Spinal Cord Transection.
36  propranolol HCl
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MAS (1 time)
QPM-SA (1 time)
2010 Propranolol-magnesium aluminum silicate complex dispersions and particles: characterization and factors influencing drug release.
37  Pseudoverrucous papules and nodules
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 2010 Pseudoverrucous irritant peristomal dermatitis with an histological pattern of nutritional deficiency dermatitis.
38  (2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-arabinofuranose-5-phosphate), phosphopentomutase
(1 time)
Chemistry, Organic
(1 time)
PNP (1 time)
2014 The chemoenzymatic synthesis of clofarabine and related 2'-deoxyfluoroarabinosyl nucleosides: the electronic and stereochemical factors determining substrate recognition by E. coli nucleoside phosphorylases.
39  (GPi)-pedunculopontine
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
GPi (1 time)
STN (1 time)
2004 Effects of the activity of the internal globus pallidus-pedunculopontine loop on the transmission of the subthalamic nucleus-external globus pallidus-pacemaker oscillatory activities to the cortex.
40  2-(diethylaminoethyl)-6-phenylpyridine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BDED (1 time)
2015 Selective Aromatic Hydroxylation with Dioxygen and Simple Copper Imine Complexes.
41  2-phenylpropionitrile as nitrogen source
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PAN (1 time)
2008 Utilization of arylaliphatic nitriles by haloalkaliphilic Halomonas nitrilicus sp. nov. isolated from soda soils.
42  3-(2-hydroxy-2-nitroso-1-propylhydrazino)-1-propanamine
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
HDMECs (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2003 Anti-adhesive effect of nitric oxide on Plasmodium falciparum cytoadherence under flow.
43  beta-phosphorylated nitrones: 2-N-oxy-N-(benzylidene amino) diethyl propyl-2-phosphate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
4-PyOPN (1 time)
PBN (1 time)
VPB (1 time)
2003 Effect of two new PBN-derived phosphorylated nitrones against postischaemic ventricular dysrhythmias.
44  diaphorase-positive regions
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
APV (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1990 Posterior midbrain-induced locomotion.
45  Pain Psychology and Neuroscience
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
2020 The Effects of a Pain Psychology and Neuroscience Self-Evaluation Internet Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
46  Pain-perceptual nociceptors
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SRN (1 time)
2020 A Sub-10 nm Vertical Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Transistor for Pain-Perceptual and Sensitization-Regulated Nociceptor Emulation.
47  Paliperidone
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2013 Preparation and characterization of Paliperidone loaded solid lipid nanoparticles.
48  palmitoyltransferase, porcupine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2013 Inhibition of the Wnt palmitoyltransferase porcupine suppresses cell growth and downregulates the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in gastric cancer.
49  pancreatic parenchymal necrosis
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
AIP (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2018 Impact of the site of necrosis on outcome of acute pancreatitis.
50  papain
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
IONPs (1 time)
2020 Papain grafted into the silica coated iron-based magnetic nanoparticles 'IONPs@SiO2-PPN' as a new delivery vehicle to the HeLa cells.
51  parabigeminal nucleus, and the pedunculopontine
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
dpn (1 time)
1991 Postnatal development of acetylcholinesterase in, and cholinergic projections to, the cat superior colliculus.
52  Parameterized Petri Net
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1994 From chart tracking to workflow management.
53  paraneoplastic peripheral neuropathy
(1 time)
Pain Management
(1 time)
PNS (1 time)
2017 Pain as a First Manifestation of Paraneoplastic Neuropathies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
54  parapontine nucleus of the thalamus
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DBS (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PEST (1 time)
2016 Deep Brain Stimulation of the Pedunculopontine Tegmental Nucleus (PPN) Influences Visual Contrast Sensitivity in Human Observers.
55  Paratuberculosis Program Netherlands
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Development of the Dutch Johne's disease control program supported by a simulation model.
56  part proposal network
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PA-CNN (1 time)
PRN (1 time)
2019 Learning Rich Part Hierarchies with Progressive Attention Networks for Fine-Grained Image Recognition.
57  partial papillary necrosis
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
NIS (1 time)
TPN (1 time)
1978 Radiological changes of renal papillary necrosis.
58  paternal pronucleus
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Presence of the Paternal Pronucleus Assists Embryo in Overcoming Cycloheximide Induced Abnormalities in Zygotic Mitosis.
59  pea protein nanoparticles
(1 time)
--- 2019 Formation and Stability of Pea Proteins Nanoparticles Using Ethanol-Induced Desolvation.
60  pectin nanoparticles
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PAX (1 time)
2013 Pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of negatively charged pectin nanoparticles encapsulating paclitaxel.
61  pedunculo-pontine cell bodies
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1991 Learning disturbances following excitotoxic lesion of cholinergic pedunculo-pontine nucleus in the rat.
62  pedunculopontine complex
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
2013 Cholinergic dysfunction in Parkinson's disease.
63  pedunculopontine nucleus region
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
rCBF (1 time)
SMA (1 time)
UPDRS 3 (1 time)
2008 Subthalamic nucleus stimulation-induced regional blood flow responses correlate with improvement of motor signs in Parkinson disease.
64  pedunculopontine tegmental
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
vFTP (1 time)
1990 Muscle tone suppression and stepping produced by stimulation of midbrain and rostral pontine reticular formation.
65  PEG-PLGA-nanofiber
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
2020 Dynamically Monitoring the Clonal Evolution of Lung Cancer Based on the Molecular Characterization of Circulating Tumor Cells Using Aptamer Cocktail-Modified Nanosubstrates.
66  pelvic parasympathetic nerve
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GAP43 (1 time)
IVP (1 time)
2017 The effects of FK1706 on nerve regeneration and bladder function recovery following an end-to-side neurorrhaphy in rats.
67  pendunculopontine nucleus of the midbrain
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2008 Projections of striatopallidal structures to the pedunculopontine nucleus of the tegmentum of the midbrain in dogs.
68  pentanuclear Au(I)/Cu(I) complexes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Luminescent Au(I)/Cu(I) alkynyl clusters with an ethynyl steroid and related aliphatic ligands: an octanuclear Au4Cu4 cluster and luminescence polymorphism in Au3Cu2 clusters.
69  pentanuclear complex
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Luminescent Au(I)/Cu(I) alkynyl clusters with an ethynyl steroid and related aliphatic ligands: an octanuclear Au4Cu4 cluster and luminescence polymorphism in Au3Cu2 clusters.
70  percent positive nuclei
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MOD (1 time)
2004 Sampling strategy for prostate tissue microarrays for Ki-67 and androgen receptor biomarkers.
71  Percent power in the normogastric range
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
EGG (1 time)
GMA (1 time)
2018 Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Alters Gastric Myoelectric Activity in Healthy Subjects.
72  percentage positive nuclear area
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
IFR (1 time)
1999 Detection and quantitation by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and image analysis of HER-2/neu gene amplification in breast cancer fine-needle samples.
73  perception of police
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
PR (1 time)
SES (1 time)
2012 [Sociodemographic factors associated with different domains of physical activity in adults of black ethnicity].
74  percutaneous paracentetic nephrostomy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2000 [Percutaneous paracentric nephrostomy in acute occlusion of upper urinary tracts in children].
75  performed on two of these complexes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Synthesis and study of hexanuclear molybdenum clusters containing thiolate ligands.
76  peripeduncular
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
MB (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1993 Peripeduncular nucleus lesions in the rat: I. Effects on maternal aggression, lactation, and maternal behavior during pre- and postpartum periods.
77  peripheral neutrophils
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
AASM (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
2018 The peripheral neutrophils in subjects with COPD-OSA overlap syndrome and severe comorbidities: A feasible inflammatory biomarker?
78  peripheral parenteral route
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2006 Perioperative peripheral parenteral nutrition for patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer: a pilot study of safety, surgical, and nutritional outcomes.
79  peripheral vein
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1991 A randomized, controlled trial of treatment of alcoholic hepatitis with parenteral nutrition and oxandrolone. II. Short-term effects on nitrogen metabolism, metabolic balance, and nutrition.
80  periportal hepatic necrosis
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CLN (1 time)
ICDH (1 time)
2001 Isocitrate dehydrogenase as a marker of centrilobular hepatic necrosis in the experimental model of rats.
81  persistent peripheral neuropathy
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
APN (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HAPN (1 time)
2017 Hyperacute peripheral neuropathy is a predictor of oxaliplatin-induced persistent peripheral neuropathy.
82  persistent peripheral nociception
(1 time)
Pain
(1 time)
BV (1 time)
EC (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
2013 The mTOR signaling pathway regulates pain-related synaptic plasticity in rat entorhinal-hippocampal pathways.
83  persistent postprocedural nephropathy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
HU (1 time)
2010 Hyperuricemia as a risk factor for progressive renal insufficiency after coronary intervention in patients with chronic kidney disease.
84  phosphinidene cluster complex
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Mixed nitrosyl/phosphinidene and nitrene/phosphinidene clusters of ruthenium.
85  phthalyl pullulan nanoparticle
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
2019 Pullulan Nanoparticles as Prebiotics Enhance the Antibacterial Properties of Lactobacillus plantarum Through the Induction of Mild Stress in Probiotics.
86  physician's progress notes
(1 time)
Osteopathic Medicine
(1 time)
OMT (1 time)
SNF (1 time)
1999 Standardized medical record: a new outpatient osteopathic SOAP note form: validation of a standardized office form against physician's progress notes.
87  phytomedicine/nutrient piperine
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HSPs (1 time)
THP (1 time)
2020 Solubility Data of the Bioactive Compound Piperine in (Transcutol + Water) Mixtures: Computational Modeling, Hansen Solubility Parameters and Mixing Thermodynamic Parameters.
88  pinon pine nuts
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
CEDE (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
2000 Radionuclides in pinon pine (Pinus edulis) nuts from Los Alamos National Laboratory lands and the dose from consumption.
89  piperine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ASE (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2020 Quality variation and standardization of black pepper (Piper nigrum): A comparative geographical evaluation based on instrumental and metabolomics analysis.
90  pleuropneumonectomies
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EPP (1 time)
2010 [Surgical treatment of primary pleural tumours in our department].
91  plus pelvic lymph node
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HNC (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2005 The impact of introducing intensity modulated radiotherapy into routine clinical practice.
92  pneumoperitoneum
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
TLP (1 time)
2007 Effect of age on pulmonary gas exchange during laparoscopy in the Trendelenburg lithotomy position.
93  poly-peri-naphthalene
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2020 Covalently Bonded Silicon/Carbon Nanocomposites as Cycle-Stable Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries.
94  polymers: copolymerization of episulfide with carbon disulfide by using
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Synthesis of sulfur-rich polymers: copolymerization of episulfide with carbon disulfide by using [PPN]Cl/(salph)Cr(III)Cl system.
95  polymorphs of a one-dimensional chain
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Dicyanoaurate-based heterobimetallic uranyl coordination polymers.
96  polynomial perceptron network
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ANN's (1 time)
EVR (1 time)
FLANN (1 time)
1999 Nonlinear channel equalization for QAM signal constellation using artificial neural networks.
97  polypronulceate
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2008 The association between polypronucleate zygote formation with certain motion characteristics of sperm and IVF outcome.
98  polysulfide dianion, or spiro-(Se11)2- as ion-separated
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Catenated and spirocyclic polychalcogenides from potassium carbonate and elemental chalcogens.
99  pontine parabrachial nucleus
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CNA (1 time)
VTA (1 time)
1982 Electrophysiological and behavioral evidence of interaction of dopaminergic and gustatory afferents in the amygdala.
100  porous pen nanodeposition
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2018 Single-cell membrane drug delivery using porous pen nanodeposition.