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Abbreviation: PPS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
prospective payment system
(432 times)
Health Services
(166 times)
DRGs (33 times)
FY (23 times)
DRG (21 times)
1984 Task force, staff education ease transition to prospective payment.
post-polio syndrome
(149 times)
Neurology
(53 times)
MS (15 times)
SCI (11 times)
MD (9 times)
1989 Ventilator management in Duchenne muscular dystrophy and postpoliomyelitis syndrome: twelve years' experience.
pentosan polysulfate
(143 times)
Urology
(17 times)
GAG (9 times)
IC (8 times)
OA (8 times)
1983 Plasma metabolites and food intake reduction following heparinoid injection in rats.
parapharyngeal space
(117 times)
Otolaryngology
(45 times)
TORS (12 times)
CT (9 times)
ITF (5 times)
1991 [MR studies of extension and spread pattern of nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
post-progression survival
(116 times)
Neoplasms
(54 times)
OS (83 times)
PFS (64 times)
NSCLC (24 times)
2005 Prognostic significance of intracranial dissemination of glioblastoma multiforme in adults.
Palliative Performance Scale
(102 times)
Health Services
(38 times)
CI (10 times)
PPI (9 times)
ESAS (8 times)
1996 Palliative performance scale (PPS): a new tool.
point prevalence survey
(82 times)
Communicable Diseases
(41 times)
HAIs (18 times)
HAI (14 times)
CI (12 times)
2007 Prevalence and predictors of surgical site infection in Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia.
probability proportional to size
(74 times)
Public Health
(15 times)
PSU (4 times)
BMI (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1988 Genetic analysis of late-onset diseases using first-degree relatives.
peripersonal space
(69 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
BSC (3 times)
DOC (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
2011 Fronto-parietal areas necessary for a multisensory representation of peripersonal space in humans: an rTMS study.
10  postpericardiotomy syndrome
(68 times)
Cardiology
(33 times)
CI (5 times)
AHA (4 times)
OR (4 times)
1979 Clinical significance of immunopathological findings in patients with post-pericardiotomy syndrome. II. The significance of serum inhibition and rosette inhibitory factors.
11  polyphenylene sulfide
(60 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
PEG (7 times)
ROS (6 times)
DSC (4 times)
2001 Ultrasound transducer modeling--general theory and applications to ultrasound reciprocal systems.
12  pneumococcal polysaccharide
(58 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(32 times)
TT (6 times)
SC (5 times)
CPS (3 times)
1980 Response to pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in patients with untreated Hodgkin's disease. Children's Cancer Study Group Report.
13  pentosan polysulfate sodium
(49 times)
Urology
(15 times)
IC (12 times)
CyA (4 times)
ICSI (4 times)
1990 Pentosan polysulfate sodium for therapy of interstitial cystitis. A double-blind placebo-controlled clinical study.
14  per-protocol set
(49 times)
Complementary Therapies
(10 times)
FAS (27 times)
ITT (9 times)
CI (5 times)
2003 Assessment of anti-ischemic and antianginal effect at trough plasma concentration and safety of trimetazidine MR 35 mg in patients with stable angina pectoris: a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
15  postpoliomyelitis syndrome
(36 times)
Rehabilitation
(13 times)
FSS (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 Isoelectric focusing studies of serum and cerebrospinal fluid in patients with antecedent poliomyelitis.
16  painful physical symptoms
(35 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
MDD (19 times)
VAS (9 times)
SSI (5 times)
2006 Comorbid painful physical symptoms and depression: prevalence, work loss, and help seeking.
17  popliteal pterygium syndrome
(30 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
IRF6 (11 times)
VWS (10 times)
SNP (2 times)
1987 Popliteal pterygium syndrome.
18  percutaneous pedicle screw
(29 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
VAS (4 times)
MISt (3 times)
XLIF (3 times)
2014 Percutaneous lumbar and thoracic pedicle screws: a trauma experience.
19  preputial separation
(24 times)
Toxicology
(21 times)
PND (12 times)
VO (5 times)
VP (5 times)
2000 The peripubertal male rat assay as an alternative to the Hershberger castrated male rat assay for the detection of anti-androgens, oestrogens and metabolic modulators.
20  peripheral pulmonary stenosis
(21 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
SVAS (5 times)
PA (2 times)
PDA (2 times)
1989 Keutel syndrome: a report of four cases.
21  parkinsonism-plus syndromes
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PD (7 times)
IPD (5 times)
IP (2 times)
1991 The apomorphine test in parkinsonian syndromes.
22  peripapillary sclera
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
IOP (7 times)
ONH (6 times)
LC (5 times)
2011 The collagen fibril architecture in the lamina cribrosa and peripapillary sclera predicted by a computational remodeling approach.
23  Padua Prediction Score
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
VTE (12 times)
APPS (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2013 Venous thromboembolism and the utility of the Padua Prediction Score in patients with sepsis admitted to internal medicine departments.
24  pre-participation screening
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
ECG (5 times)
CAD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2008 Identification of sport and recreational activity concussion history through the preparticipation screening and a symptom survey in young athletes.
25  probability proportional to size sampling
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
anti-HBe (1 time)
anti-HBs (1 time)
CARTs (1 time)
2007 The relationship between culture, attitude, social networks and quality of life in midlife Australian and Taiwanese citizens.
26  pressure pain sensitivity
(12 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(5 times)
MDI (5 times)
IHD (4 times)
QOL (3 times)
1997 Algometry in the daily practice of pain management.
27  paired-pulse stimulation
(11 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
LTD (2 times)
LTP (2 times)
PPI (2 times)
1993 Effects of calcium and paired-pulse stimulation on hypoxia-induced hippocampal electrical changes.
28  pentose phosphate shunt
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
RBC (2 times)
6PGD (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
1976 Pyridine nucleotides in pancreatic islets during inhibition of insulin release by exogenous insulin.
29  pitch pattern sequence
(11 times)
Audiology
(4 times)
DD (3 times)
DPS (2 times)
FS (2 times)
2004 Serotonin reuptake inhibitors in auditory processing disorders in elderly patients: preliminary results.
30  postphlebitic syndrome
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
DVT (5 times)
PE (2 times)
CATTF (1 time)
1985 [Instrumental diagnosis of the post-phlebitic syndrome of the lower limbs].
31  Postpneumonectomy syndrome
(11 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CT (1 time)
EVLW (1 time)
1994 [Postpneumonectomy syndrome: several new anesthesiological and pathophysiological aspects].
32  Pup-proteasome system
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
UPS (4 times)
Pup (2 times)
GS (1 time)
2014 Survival of mycobacteria depends on proteasome-mediated amino acid recycling under nutrient limitation.
33  paediatric procedural sedation
(10 times)
Emergency Medicine
(7 times)
EDs (2 times)
CIs (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2004 Prolonged pre-procedure fasting time is unnecessary when using titrated intravenous ketamine for paediatric procedural sedation.
34  perforant path stimulation
(10 times)
Brain
(7 times)
SE (4 times)
SSSE (3 times)
LiPC (2 times)
1998 Self-sustaining status epilepticus after brief electrical stimulation of the perforant path.
35  Peters plus syndrome
(10 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
B3GLCT (1 time)
GHD (1 time)
2004 Growth hormone deficiency (GHD): a new association in Peters' Plus Syndrome (PPS).
36  polyphosphate
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
5-ASA (1 time)
Al (1 time)
CatPheo-a (1 time)
1998 [Change in inorganic polyphosphate chain length depending on the stage of Saccharomyces cerevisiae growth].
37  Polyporus polysaccharide
(10 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
FCM (3 times)
iNOS (3 times)
BCG (2 times)
1996 [Study on the enhancing effect of polyporus polysaccharide, mycobacterium polysaccharide and lentinan on lymphokine-activated killer cell activity in vitro].
38  population size
(10 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
ARTI (1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
DV (1 time)
2002 Diet and nutritional status of rural preschool children in Punjab.
39  post-polio sequelae
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACTRE (1 time)
FSS (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
1990 New dimensions to poliomyelitis.
40  psychogenic pseudosyncope
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
TLOC (4 times)
VVS (4 times)
BP (3 times)
2013 The semiology of tilt-induced psychogenic pseudosyncope.
41  partially platinum-sensitive
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PFI (6 times)
PLD (5 times)
PR (3 times)
1993 Carboplatin plus ifosfamide as salvage treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer: a pilot study.
42  physical performance score
(9 times)
Geriatrics
(5 times)
HR (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2005 Thyroid hormone concentrations, disease, physical function, and mortality in elderly men.
43  persistent physical symptoms
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CBT (2 times)
CFS (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2018 Predicting the course of persistent physical symptoms: Development and internal validation of prediction models for symptom severity and functional status during 2 years of follow-up.
44  primary pulmonary sarcomas
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
OS (3 times)
STS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2003 Primary pulmonary sarcomas and carcinosarcomas--postoperative results and comparative survival analysis.
45  paired-pulse suppression
(7 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DA (1 time)
FM (1 time)
ISIs (1 time)
1984 Modulation by dopamine of population spikes in area CA1 hippocampal neurons elicited by paired stimulus pulses.
46  penalty points system
(7 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
RR (2 times)
RTA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2005 Changes in trauma service workload since the introduction of the penalty points system.
47  per-protocol analysis set
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
FAS (5 times)
COPD (4 times)
6MWD (2 times)
2012 Effects of comprehensive therapy based on traditional Chinese medicine patterns in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a four-center, open-label, randomized, controlled study.
48  Parent Protection Scale
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
CVS (4 times)
POP (2 times)
PPCV (2 times)
1995 Parent-child relationship disorders. Part I. Parental overprotection and the development of the Parent Protection Scale.
49  Parkinsonian-pyramidal syndrome
(6 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FBXO7 (2 times)
PD (2 times)
ntc (1 time)
2008 Genome-wide linkage analysis of a Parkinsonian-pyramidal syndrome pedigree by 500 K SNP arrays.
50  Patient Perspective Survey
(6 times)
Primary Health Care
(2 times)
--- 1998 Complex health problems in general practice: do we need an instrument for consultation improvement and patient involvement? Theoretical foundation, development and user evaluation of the Patient Perspective Survey (PPS).
51  patient positioning system
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
CCP (1 time)
DIPS (1 time)
IGRT (1 time)
2011 Target and peripheral dose from radiation sector motions accompanying couch repositioning of patient coordinates with the Gamma Knife() Perfexion(™).
52  potassium persulfate
(6 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AAm (1 time)
AN (1 time)
2008 Preparation of cassava starch grafted with polystyrene by suspension polymerization.
53  pre-pubertal stress
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
AHN (2 times)
AVP (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2018 Peripubertal stress increases play fighting at adolescence and modulates nucleus accumbens CB1 receptor expression and mitochondrial function in the amygdala.
54  paradoxical puborectalis syndrome
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
ADCs (1 time)
ARM (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1993 Anorectal manometry in the diagnosis of paradoxical puborectalis syndrome.
55  Penile Perception Score
(5 times)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(5 times)
IPSS (2 times)
ABeC (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2013 Health-related quality of life in men with corrected hypospadias: an explorative study.
56  Persistent perineal sinus
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
APR (2 times)
HBOT (1 time)
2009 Persistent perineal sinus: incidence, pathogenesis, risk factors, and management.
57  phosphopantothenate synthetase
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CoA (4 times)
PoK (4 times)
PanK (3 times)
2009 Pantoate kinase and phosphopantothenate synthetase, two novel enzymes necessary for CoA biosynthesis in the Archaea.
58  population proportionate to size
(5 times)
Hormones
(2 times)
UIE (2 times)
IDD (1 time)
OTP (1 time)
2013 Status of iodine deficiency among children in national capital territory Of Delhi--a cross-sectional study.
59  preperitoneal space
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
TREPP (2 times)
CPI (1 time)
DIR (1 time)
2006 Inguinal hernia: preperitoneal placement of a memory-ring patch by anterior approach. Preliminary experience.
60  Pure Procrastination Scale
(5 times)
Cognitive Science
(3 times)
IPS (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
DPS (1 time)
2014 Validation of a French version of the pure procrastination scale (PPS).
61  paper sludge
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MGWL (3 times)
AD (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2009 Alkali pretreatment enhances biogas production in the anaerobic digestion of pulp and paper sludge.
62  passive pixel sensor
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
APS (3 times)
DQE (3 times)
MTF (3 times)
2009 Physical characterization and performance comparison of active- and passive-pixel CMOS detectors for mammography.
63  patellofemoral pain syndrome
(4 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CKC (1 time)
COP (1 time)
2004 Differential corticomotor control of a muscle adjacent to a painful joint.
64  Pathological Prognostic Score
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
GIST (1 time)
LI (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2010 Pathological prognostic score as a simple criterion to predict outcome in gastric carcinoma.
65  patient preference studies
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HTA (2 times)
MPLC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2008 Topical or oral ibuprofen for chronic knee pain in older people. The TOIB study.
66  per-protocol population set
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
ITT (3 times)
FAS (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
2008 [A multiple center, randomized, controlled, double-blinded and double-dummy trial of Yiqing Shuangjie Capsule and Tablet in treating acute upper respiratory tract infection with the syndrome of heat attacking the lung and Weifen].
67  periodontal plastic surgery
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GTR (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
2001 [Periodontal plastic surgery as a regenerative medical science].
68  peroral pancreatoscopy
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
IDUS (1 time)
IPMN (1 time)
IPMT (1 time)
1994 Shape memory alloy catheter system for peroral pancreatoscopy using an ultrathin-caliber endoscope.
69  phantom pain syndrome
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
NPS (1 time)
SSEP (1 time)
1996 [Differential combined drug therapy of phantom pain syndrome after amputation of extremity].
70  polyuria-polydipsia syndrome
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
NDI (3 times)
PP (3 times)
WDT (3 times)
2016 Plasma Apelin Concentrations in Patients With Polyuria-Polydipsia Syndrome.
71  porcine pulmonary surfactant
(4 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
ALI (3 times)
BALF (3 times)
OA (3 times)
2006 [Influence of different doses of porcine pulmonary on the therapeutic effects in rats with oleic acid induced acute lung injury].
72  post-perfusion syndrome
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CPB (3 times)
ECC (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
1991 The development of a clinically relevant canine model of postperfusion syndrome.
73  postpneumonectomy space
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
MRI (1 time)
OWT (1 time)
1982 Evaluation of post-pneumonectomy space by computed tomography.
74  preoperative prognostic score
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CRP (3 times)
CA19-9 (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2014 A new preoperative prognostic scoring system to predict prognosis in patients with locally advanced pancreatic body cancer who undergo distal pancreatectomy with en bloc celiac axis resection: a retrospective cohort study.
75  preparticipation cardiovascular screening
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SCD (2 times)
2009 Electrocardiographic screening in athletes: the time is now for universal screening.
76  presurgical psychological screening
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
MMPI (1 time)
MMPI-2-RF (1 time)
2001 The use of presurgical psychological screening to predict the outcome of spine surgery.
77  professional pharmacy services
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DMAS (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
HMR (1 time)
2011 General practitioner-pharmacist interactions in professional pharmacy services.
78  proportional to size
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DQS (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
Hib (1 time)
2008 Automatic sampling for unbiased and efficient stereological estimation using the proportionator in biological studies.
79  prospective payment
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
CAHs (1 time)
IO (1 time)
NFP (1 time)
1988 The financial performance of selected investor-owned and not-for-profit system hospitals before and after Medicare prospective payment.
80  Psychosis Polyrisk Score
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CHR-P (1 time)
2019 Psychosis Polyrisk Score (PPS) for the Detection of Individuals At-Risk and the Prediction of Their Outcomes.
81  pentosan-poly-sulfoester
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
ACA (2 times)
GN (1 time)
1977 [Anticomplementary activity of a polyanion: polyanion: pentosan-poly-sulfoester. I. "In vitro" study and "in vivo" trial in human glomerulonephritis (author's transl)].
82  permeable pavement systems
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
GAC (1 time)
LCA (1 time)
LID (1 time)
2013 Permeable pavement and stormwater management systems: a review.
83  personal protection system
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ACLS (1 time)
HCWs (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2006 Using simulation for training and to change protocol during the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome.
84  plasma protein solution
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CVP (1 time)
HES (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1990 [Effect of a new 10% hydroxyethyl starch solution HES/270/0.5 on blood coagulation, blood loss and hemodynamics in comparison with 3.5% PPL].
85  plasminogen-plasmin system
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BBB (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
uPA (1 time)
2000 Stress down regulates milk yield in cows by plasmin induced beta-casein product that blocks K+ channels on the apical membranes.
86  Play Performance Scale
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CHQ (2 times)
AE (1 time)
ALL (1 time)
2005 Transdermal fentanyl in the management of children with chronic severe pain: results from an international study.
87  pleuro-peritoneal shunts
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
MPEs (1 time)
TTP (1 time)
1994 The non-functioning pleuro-peritoneal shunt: revise or replace?
88  pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
PCV (1 time)
2000 Pneumococcal vaccine response in cirrhosis and liver transplantation.
89  porous pavement systems
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
GCH (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
SUDS (1 time)
2006 The development of geotextiles incorporating slow-release phosphate beads for the maintenance of oil degrading bacteria in permeable pavements.
90  Portuguese Pharmacovigilance System
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ADR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
ROR (1 time)
2014 Safety profiles of adalimumab, etanercept and infliximab: a pharmacovigilance study using a measure of disproportionality in a database of spontaneously reported adverse events.
91  post-lumbar puncture syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LP (1 time)
1989 [Does post-puncture syndrome following lumbar puncture depend on needle diameter?].
92  post-polypectomy syndrome
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EMR (2 times)
APC (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1995 Glycine-induced hyponatremia in the rat: a model of post-prostatectomy syndrome.
93  post-prospective-payment-system
(3 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
LOS (1 time)
SMSA (1 time)
SNFs (1 time)
1996 The etiology and determinants of hospital closure.
94  posterior palatal seal
(3 times)
Prosthodontics
(1 time)
ANS-PNS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 A study of correlation between posterior palatal seal width and soft palatal angulation with palatal contour.
95  posterior probability of superiority
(3 times)
Spine
(2 times)
ACDF (2 times)
LHR (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
2010 Effectiveness and safety of bronchial thermoplasty in the treatment of severe asthma: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled clinical trial.
96  postprandial symptoms
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
SDV (2 times)
FD (1 time)
GE (1 time)
2015 Postprandial Hemodynamics in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.
97  preconception paternal stress
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
mPFC (2 times)
OFC (2 times)
EPM (1 time)
2015 Preconception paternal stress in rats alters dendritic morphology and connectivity in the brain of developing male and female offspring.
98  preprosomatostatin
(3 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ARC (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1998 Localization of the preprosomatostatin-mRNA by in situ hybridization in the ewe hypothalamus.
99  primary parapharyngeal space
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
MMS (1 time)
2014 Primary parapharyngeal tumours: a review of 21 cases.
100  Prison and Probation Service
(3 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
SS (1 time)
2013 Threats and physical violence in the workplace: a comparative study of four areas of human service work.