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Abbreviation: PR
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Long forms: 1965

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
progesterone receptor
(6648 times)
Neoplasms
(2250 times)
ER (3707 times)
HER2 (909 times)
AR (383 times)
1978 Steroid receptors study in breast carcinoma.
partial response
(4985 times)
Neoplasms
(3223 times)
CR (3019 times)
SD (1545 times)
PD (1069 times)
1978 Intraaterial hepatic infusion and intravenous adriamycin for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma: a clinical and pharmacology report.
prevalence ratio
(2336 times)
Public Health
(471 times)
CI (751 times)
BMI (70 times)
MSM (40 times)
1988 Job strain, work place social support, and cardiovascular disease: a cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population.
partial remission
(1519 times)
Neoplasms
(709 times)
CR (1188 times)
SD (255 times)
OS (232 times)
1972 Therapy of acute myelocytic leukemia. Daunomycin contrasted with a combination of cytosine arabinoside and 6-thioguanine.
pulmonary rehabilitation
(918 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(516 times)
COPD (453 times)
SGRQ (77 times)
6MWD (62 times)
1984 Rehabilitation of ventilator-dependent subjects with lung diseases. The concept and initial experience.
pathogenesis-related
(835 times)
Botany
(380 times)
SA (188 times)
SAR (68 times)
JA (56 times)
1983 Pathogenesis-related proteins in plants and tissues ofNicotiana tabacum transformed byAgrobacterium tumefaciens.
protease
(790 times)
Virology
(251 times)
RT (327 times)
HIV-1 (159 times)
IN (66 times)
1970 Production of Biologically Active Substances by Two Strains of Vibrio cholerae.
progesterone
(618 times)
Neoplasms
(243 times)
ER (454 times)
AR (110 times)
GR (50 times)
1978 [Effect of labor on plasma levels of chorionic somatomammotropin (CS), estradiol (E2), progesterone (Pr) and cortisol; behavior of these levels in the first hours of the puerperium].
pregnancy rate
(574 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(411 times)
ICSI (67 times)
IVF (57 times)
IUI (45 times)
1987 Pregnancy rates of beef heifers bred either on puberal or third estrus.
10  progressive ratio
(514 times)
Psychopharmacology
(221 times)
FR (103 times)
FR1 (36 times)
DA (29 times)
1978 Cocaine reinforced progressive ratio performance in the rhesus monkey.
11  pulse rate
(399 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(42 times)
BP (124 times)
SBP (65 times)
RR (60 times)
1977 [Concentration on a task and change in pulse rate and finger skin blood flow (author's transl)].
12  pulmonary regurgitation
(288 times)
Cardiology
(183 times)
RV (136 times)
TOF (110 times)
PVR (44 times)
1976 Pulmonary regurgitation in large atrial shunts without pulmonary hypertension.
13  Puerto Rico
(236 times)
Medicine
(57 times)
US (13 times)
MA (11 times)
HPV (10 times)
1984 An analysis of poison control center reports of ciguatera toxicity in Puerto Rico for one year.
14  production rate
(217 times)
Endocrinology
(43 times)
FCR (56 times)
MCR (56 times)
apo (27 times)
1969 Production rates and metabolic clearance rates of human follicle-stimulating hormone in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
15  partial
(187 times)
Neoplasms
(109 times)
CR (56 times)
SD (21 times)
MR (15 times)
1977 BCNU with and without cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (COP) and cycle-active therapy in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
16  prolonged release
(135 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
IR (18 times)
BFI (10 times)
PD (9 times)
1999 Efficacy and safety of prolonged-release lanreotide in patients with gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors and hormone-related symptoms.
17  photoreceptor
(125 times)
Ophthalmology
(49 times)
RPE (43 times)
ONL (15 times)
OCT (11 times)
1980 An ethanolic phosphotungstic acid (EPTA) analysis of photoreceptor and synaptic ultrastructure in the guinea pig retina.
18  Pityriasis rosea
(111 times)
Dermatology
(70 times)
HHV (12 times)
PCR (7 times)
HHV-6 (6 times)
1978 Structure and biological function of human IgD. XVI. T and B lymphocytes in pityriasis rosea.
19  proteorhodopsin
(109 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
bR (16 times)
GPR (5 times)
AAP (3 times)
1992 Photocycle of phoborhodopsin from haloalkaliphilic bacterium (Natronobacterium pharaonis) studied by low-temperature spectrophotometry.
20  pegylated interferon and ribavirin
(98 times)
Gastroenterology
(31 times)
HCV (51 times)
SVR (40 times)
TVR (12 times)
2011 Telaprevir alone or with peginterferon and ribavirin reduces HCV RNA in patients with chronic genotype 2 but not genotype 3 infections.
21  platelet reactivity
(97 times)
Vascular Diseases
(41 times)
PCI (45 times)
ACS (23 times)
LD (17 times)
1989 Development of lymphocytotoxic and platelet reactive antibodies: a prospective study in patients with acute leukaemia.
22  pattern recognition
(80 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(28 times)
EMG (17 times)
PCA (13 times)
LDA (7 times)
1984 Contrast sensitivity measured during smooth pursuit movement.
23  primary root
(73 times)
Botany
(40 times)
LR (30 times)
NO (13 times)
LRs (9 times)
2004 Nitric oxide plays a central role in determining lateral root development in tomato.
24  phosphate rock
(71 times)
Environmental Health
(46 times)
TSP (11 times)
Cd (6 times)
PA (6 times)
1993 Solubility and cation exchange in phosphate rock and saturated clinoptilolite mixtures.
25  panoramic radiography
(69 times)
Dentistry
(50 times)
CBCT (33 times)
CT (14 times)
IAN (7 times)
1986 Dose contributions to the Swedish population from oral radiography.
26  partial resection
(69 times)
Neurosurgery
(17 times)
GTR (30 times)
STR (20 times)
OS (15 times)
1981 Changes in aerobic and anaerobic metabolism in rat cardiac and skeletal muscles after total or partial dietary restrictions.
27  poor responders
(62 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
GR (43 times)
FSHR (3 times)
PCR (3 times)
1982 Nonrenal clearance of furosemide as a cause of diuretic response variability in the rat.
28  pseudorabies
(60 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
PRV (39 times)
ELISA (5 times)
CSFV (4 times)
1980 Differentiation of vaccine strains and field isolates of pseudorabies (Aujeszky's disease) virus: trypsin sensitivity and mouse virulence markers.
29  propranolol
(56 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
NE (6 times)
IH (4 times)
PL (4 times)
1975 Studies on mode of antagonism between adrenergic beta-mimetics and beta-blocking agents (I). Beta-blocking action of mescaline and its derivatives.
30  pneumatic retinopexy
(55 times)
Ophthalmology
(36 times)
SB (19 times)
RRD (18 times)
PPV (15 times)
1990 Reoperations and visual results after failed pneumatic retinopexy.
31  perirenal
(54 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
s.c (17 times)
OM (6 times)
IM (5 times)
1977 Lipoprotein lipase distribution in rat adipose tissues: effect on chylomicron uptake.
32  passive recovery
(52 times)
Sports Medicine
(26 times)
AR (22 times)
HR (6 times)
CK (5 times)
1979 Recovery from maximal effort exercise: lactate disappearance and subsequent performance.
33  projection reconstruction
(52 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(45 times)
MR (5 times)
CE-MRA (4 times)
MRA (3 times)
1991 Lung parenchyma: projection reconstruction MR imaging.
34  plaque rupture
(49 times)
Cardiology
(34 times)
OCT (26 times)
PE (18 times)
ACS (15 times)
2006 Global characterization of coronary plaque rupture phenotype using three-vessel intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data analysis.
35  positive remodeling
(46 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
LAP (17 times)
CCTA (10 times)
IVUS (9 times)
2001 Preintervention arterial remodeling affects clinical outcome following stenting: an intravascular ultrasound study.
36  pain relief
(44 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
PID (13 times)
PI (11 times)
PF (7 times)
1995 Pharmacodynamic analysis of analgesic clinical trials using empirical methods.
37  palindromic rheumatism
(42 times)
Rheumatology
(28 times)
RA (23 times)
ACPA (4 times)
CCP (3 times)
1984 HLA antigens in palindromic rheumatism, nonerosive rheumatoid arthritis and classical rheumatoid arthritis.
38  photoresist
(42 times)
Nanotechnology
(17 times)
PDMS (3 times)
UV (3 times)
CNW (2 times)
1996 Micrometer resolution silane-based patterning of hippocampal neurons: critical variables in photoresist and laser ablation processes for substrate fabrication.
39  P receptor
(41 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(21 times)
ER (11 times)
mRNA (4 times)
Pg (3 times)
1984 Implantation of the rabbit blastocyst: sequential changes in estradiol and progesterone and their receptors.
40  phenol red
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
MB (5 times)
MO (3 times)
BTB (2 times)
1976 Renal handling of phenol red. II. The mechanism of substituted phenolsulphophthalein (PSP) dye transport in rabbit kidney tubules in vitro.
41  precision-recall
(39 times)
Medical Informatics
(11 times)
ROC (18 times)
AUC (12 times)
CNNs (3 times)
2008 Evolving interpretable structure-activity relationship models. 2. Using multiobjective optimization to derive multiple models.
42  pathogen reduction
(38 times)
Hematology
(33 times)
PCs (7 times)
PLT (7 times)
PC (5 times)
2003 Safety of the blood supply: role of pathogen reduction.
43  pregnancy
(38 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(25 times)
ICSI (6 times)
ART (5 times)
DR (3 times)
1997 Reduced pregnancy rates following the transfer of human embryos frozen or thawed in culture media supplemented with normal serum albumin.
44  protein-restricted
(38 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
ER (9 times)
BCAAs (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1989 Dietary protein and glomerular response to subtotal nephrectomy in the rat.
45  power ratio
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
EGG (16 times)
DF (10 times)
DFIC (7 times)
1990 Gravity-dependent polarity of cytoplasmic streaming in Nitellopsis.
46  pathologic response
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
OS (10 times)
pCR (8 times)
NAC (5 times)
1995 Very high-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral stem cell support in advanced ovarian cancer.
47  peripheral resistance
(35 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
HR (14 times)
BP (12 times)
CO (12 times)
1976 Cardiovascular and respiratory changes in response to change of posture in the very obese.
48  photoreactivation
(33 times)
Genetics
(12 times)
UV (9 times)
CPD (3 times)
CPDs (3 times)
1966 Studies of chloroplast development in Euglena. XIV. Sequential interactions of ultraviolet light and photoreactivating light in green colony formation.
49  protein restriction
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CR (6 times)
DR (4 times)
FR (2 times)
1993 Modulation of toxicity by diet and dietary macronutrient restriction.
50  photorefractive
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
PS (3 times)
SR (2 times)
SS (2 times)
1994 Community photoscreening of six to nine month old infants for amblyopiogenic risk factors.
51  positivity rate
(31 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
DR (5 times)
FIT (5 times)
RI (5 times)
1995 [The comparison of positive rates and clinical significance of 8 bronchodilator testing parameters sarcoidosis].
52  proline-rich
(27 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
SH3 (4 times)
SOS1 (3 times)
C-D (2 times)
1977 Salivary peroxidase (SAPX): genetic modification and relationship to the proline-rich (Pr) and acidic (Pa) proteins.
53  paradoxical reaction
(26 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
TB (10 times)
ATT (3 times)
HAART (2 times)
1983 Teflutixol (Lu 10-022): a new thioxanthene derivative with antipsychotic properties. A pilot study.
54  pattern reversal
(26 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
VEP (9 times)
VEPs (9 times)
FL (5 times)
1985 The relationship between visual seizures and visual evoked potentials.
55  physical restraint
(26 times)
Nursing
(9 times)
ICU (5 times)
OR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2003 Physiologic responses of grizzly bears to different methods of capture.
56  polarization rotator
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
CO (3 times)
DSB (2 times)
MZM (2 times)
1985 Naturally crystalline hemoglobin of the nematode Mermis nigrescens. An in situ microspectrophotometric study of chemical properties and dichroism.
57  polyrotaxane
(25 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
alpha-CD (4 times)
CD (4 times)
EPR (4 times)
2007 A novel polyrotaxane-based intracellular delivery system for camptothecin: in vitro feasibility evaluation.
58  Pneumorrhachis
(24 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DU (1 time)
2006 Pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of pneumorrhachis.
59  puerarin
(24 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AST (4 times)
ECM (3 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
2010 [Inhibitory effect of flavonoids of puerarin on proliferation of different human acute myeloid leukemia cell lines in vitro].
60  pathogenesis-related protein
(23 times)
Botany
(7 times)
SA (3 times)
CD (2 times)
HSP (2 times)
1989 Pathogenesis-related proteins are developmentally regulated in tobacco flowers.
61  placental restriction
(23 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
IUGR (9 times)
GR (2 times)
PGHS-2 (2 times)
1987 Thrombosis of fetal placental vessels. A quantitative study in placentas of stillbirths.
62  progestin
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
ER (18 times)
AR (9 times)
GR (4 times)
1981 Estrogen and progestin receptors in endometriosis lesions: comparison with endometrial tissue.
63  proliferative retinopathy
(23 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
NPR (4 times)
BR (3 times)
DR (3 times)
1980 Visual function can be preserved in insulin-dependent diabetic patients treated by maintenance haemodialysis.
64  proportion ratio
(22 times)
Statistics as Topic
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
PoD (2 times)
RCT (2 times)
2004 Interval estimation of the proportion ratio under multiple matching.
65  Parmigiano Reggiano
(21 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ACE (3 times)
NSLAB (3 times)
FFC (2 times)
2003 Gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) analysis of the flavor profile of grana padano, parmigiano reggiano, and grana trentino cheeses.
66  periapical radiography
(21 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
CBCT (17 times)
AP (4 times)
ROC (3 times)
2009 Accuracy of periapical radiography and cone-beam computed tomography scans in diagnosing apical periodontitis using histopathological findings as a gold standard.
67  prevalence
(21 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
PRs (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
1995 [Larval Clinostomum infection of cichlid fish in the lake of Kompienga in Burkina Faso: a menace to haleutic exploitation and public health].
68  plus ribavirin
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
HCV (11 times)
SVR (11 times)
CHC (5 times)
2009 Ketoprofen, peginterferon 2a and ribavirin for genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C: a phase II study.
69  probability ratio
(20 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
SES (2 times)
2-AG (1 time)
2004 Nutritional status of indigenous children younger than five years of age in Mexico: results of a national probabilistic survey.
70  perirhinal cortex
(19 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
CS (4 times)
LS (3 times)
USVs (3 times)
1987 Amygdaloid connections with posterior insular and temporal cortical areas in the rat.
71  Poisson regression
(19 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(3 times)
AIC (4 times)
BIC (4 times)
CI (4 times)
2012 High-risk patients for carotid endarterectomy: turned down cases are rare.
72  primary repair
(19 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
SR (3 times)
CR (2 times)
DC (2 times)
1998 Surveyed opinion of American trauma surgeons in management of colon injuries.
73  photoreflectance
(18 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
PL (4 times)
CER (2 times)
QWs (2 times)
2005 Practical photoluminescence and photoreflectance spectroscopic system for optical characterization of semiconductor devices.
74  polymorphic reticulosis
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
EBV (6 times)
LMG (5 times)
WG (5 times)
1982 Radiotherapy of polymorphic reticulosis.
75  paradoxical response
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
TB (9 times)
HIV (2 times)
LN (2 times)
2007 Paradoxical response during anti-tuberculosis treatment in HIV-negative patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.
76  partial response rate
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CR (10 times)
SD (5 times)
PD (4 times)
1978 Adriamycin versus methotrexate in five-drug combination chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer: a randomized trial.
77  participatory research
(17 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
AHRQ (1 time)
AIAN (1 time)
APP (1 time)
2008 The value and challenges of participatory research: strengthening its practice.
78  Puerariae Radix
(17 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CR (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
GR (2 times)
2001 Effects of Puerariae Flos and Puerariae Radix extracts on antioxidant enzymes in ethanol-treated rats.
79  Parana
(16 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
RS (6 times)
SP (5 times)
SC (3 times)
2008 High genetic diversity in RdRp gene of Brazilian porcine sapovirus strains.
80  peak ratio
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
PI (8 times)
RI (7 times)
PSV (5 times)
1992 Turns-amplitude analysis of the electromyographic recruitment pattern disregarding force measurement. II. Findings in patients with neuromuscular disorders.
81  pediatric rheumatology
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
JIA (6 times)
PRINTO (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
2004 Preliminary criteria for clinical remission for select categories of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
82  propofol-remifentanil
(16 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
SR (4 times)
BIS (3 times)
DR (3 times)
2001 Propofol/remifentanil versus propofol alone for bone marrow aspiration in paediatric haemato-oncological patients.
83  prorenin
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
AR (4 times)
RAS (3 times)
FF (2 times)
1987 Two-step prorenin-renin conversion. Isolation of an intermediary form of activated prorenin.
84  Pelli-Robson
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
CS (9 times)
MD (3 times)
SPARCS (3 times)
2002 Comparison of contrast sensitivity, visual acuity, and Humphrey visual field testing in patients with glaucoma.
85  Peng-Robinson
(15 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
EOS (5 times)
SRK (5 times)
PC-SAFT (4 times)
2006 PVTx measurements of the N-methylpyrrolidone/methanol mixed solvent: cubic and SAFT EOS analyses.
86  plain radiography
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
MRI (9 times)
CT (7 times)
RA (3 times)
1995 Unusually located osteoid osteomas.
87  progressive
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NP (3 times)
APC (2 times)
DC (2 times)
1985 Factors influencing the biological behaviour of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in prospectively followed-up women.
88  perfusion reserve
(14 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MBF (3 times)
PAD (3 times)
CHD (2 times)
1990 Methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) Tc 99m SPECT to establish a correlate to coronary flow reserve, the perfusion reserve, from global and regional myocardial uptake after exercise and rest.
89  photorespiration
(14 times)
Botany
(6 times)
CELSS (2 times)
DR (2 times)
NPR (2 times)
1975 Photosynthesis and photorespiratory CO2 evolution of water-stressed sunflower leaves.
90  platinum resistant
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PS (8 times)
OS (6 times)
PFS (6 times)
2008 Sensitization of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin by genistein: the role of NF-kappaB.
91  pressure
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
APR (2 times)
ARA (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
1982 Barotrauma susceptibility in hamster lungs following elastase exposure.
92  puborectalis
(14 times)
Urology
(5 times)
MRI (4 times)
LA (3 times)
AES (2 times)
1993 Cinedefecography and electromyography in the diagnosis of nonrelaxing puborectalis syndrome.
93  pancreatic resection
(13 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DP (2 times)
A-SCA (1 time)
AAA (1 time)
2005 Hospital volume and mortality after pancreatic resection: a systematic review and an evaluation of intervention in the Netherlands.
94  peer review
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
Ps (4 times)
TRISS (2 times)
ALTC (1 time)
1987 Utilization review and quality assurance: staying in the black and working with the blues.
95  penetration rate
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
5-FU (2 times)
MR (2 times)
NLR (2 times)
1988 Human sperm injection into the perivitelline space (SI-PVS) of hamster oocytes: effect of sperm pretreatment by calcium-ionophore A23187 and freezing-thawing on the penetration rate and polyspermy.
96  periosteal reaction
(13 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
MRONJ (3 times)
CT (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
1978 Microradioscopic quantitation of periosteal resorption in secondary hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal failure.
97  pharmacologic remission
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CSR (12 times)
MG (12 times)
MGFA (6 times)
2006 Does perioperative high-dose prednisolone have clinical benefits for generalized myasthenia gravis?
98  phase retrieval
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
CXDI (2 times)
ACCT (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
2010 Quantization analysis of speckle intensity measurements for phase retrieval.
99  primary responses
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
EP (3 times)
CCT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1975 [The effect of neurotropic agents on evoked potentials of the association and projection regions of the cat neocortex].
100  progressive motility
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
DFI (4 times)
TNPMS (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2013 Correlation between HPV sperm infection and male infertility.