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Abbreviation: PRA
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Long forms: 241

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
plasma renin activity
(3876 times)
Vascular Diseases
(707 times)
BP (393 times)
PA (290 times)
PAC (279 times)
1966 Hypertension, increased aldosterone secretion and low plasma renin activity relieved by dexamethasone.
panel reactive antibody
(482 times)
Transplantation
(308 times)
HLA (92 times)
DSA (34 times)
IVIG (32 times)
1983 Recipient race as a risk factor in renal transplantation.
progesterone receptor A
(59 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
PRB (16 times)
ERalpha (12 times)
ER (6 times)
1989 Interaction of the chicken progesterone receptor with heat shock protein (HSP) 90.
progressive retinal atrophy
(59 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
RP (14 times)
ERG (8 times)
rcd1 (3 times)
1982 [Hereditary features of progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and its consequences in dog-breeding (author's transl)].
participatory rural appraisal
(48 times)
Social Sciences
(12 times)
GIS (3 times)
ASF (2 times)
EOS (2 times)
1996 Use of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) tools for investigating tick ecology and tick-borne disease in Somaliland.
polymorphism analysis
(33 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
NTM (12 times)
MAC (6 times)
PCR (6 times)
1997 Rapid identification of mycobacteria to species level by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the hsp65 gene and proposition of an algorithm to differentiate 34 mycobacterial species.
probabilistic risk assessment
(28 times)
Statistics as Topic
(10 times)
BE (1 time)
BHHRA (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1991 Applications of probabilistic risk assessments: the selection of appropriate tools.
PCR-restriction enzyme analysis
(27 times)
Microbiology
(20 times)
NTM (10 times)
ITS (3 times)
IS (2 times)
1999 Identification of two novel Mycobacterium avium allelic variants in pig and human isolates from Brazil by PCR-restriction enzyme analysis.
prazosin
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
Pro (5 times)
YOH (5 times)
CLO (4 times)
1990 Alpha 1 and alpha 2-adrenergic receptor blockade influences angiotensin II facilitation of avoidance behavior and stereotypy in rats.
10  PCR-restriction analysis
(21 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
MAC (3 times)
NTM (3 times)
MTBC (2 times)
1997 Comparison of a new insertion element, IS1407, with established molecular markers for the characterization of Mycobacterium celatum.
11  plaque reduction assay
(21 times)
Virology
(9 times)
HSV (5 times)
HCMV (3 times)
EIA (2 times)
1989 In situ enzyme immunoassay for antiviral susceptibility testing of respiratory syncytial virus.
12  phosphoribosylamine
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
PRPP (8 times)
GAR (2 times)
APRT (1 time)
1975 Purine mutants of mammalian cell lines. II. Identification of a phosphoribosylpyrophosphate amidotransferase-deficient mutant of Chinese hamster lung cells.
13  pravastatin
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SIM (7 times)
FLU (4 times)
CER (3 times)
1999 Pravastatin sodium activates endothelial nitric oxide synthase independent of its cholesterol-lowering actions.
14  plasma renin
(16 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ACE (2 times)
Ang II (2 times)
AVP (2 times)
1975 Suppression of plasma renin and plasma aldosterone during water immersion in normal man.
15  Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy
(16 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
LA (3 times)
LTA (3 times)
ETCO2 (1 time)
2007 Posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy: a comparison between the initial experience in the invention phase and introductory phase of the new surgical technique.
16  probabilistic risk analysis
(15 times)
Statistics as Topic
(9 times)
Cd (1 time)
DCSs (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
1986 A generic probabilistic risk analysis for a high-level waste repository.
17  plasma levels of renin activity
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
ALD (3 times)
ANF (2 times)
a.v.f (1 time)
1981 Stimulation of aldosterone secretion by metoclopramide in humans: apparent independence of renal and pituitary mediation.
18  polymerase chain reaction restriction analysis
(13 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
NTM (4 times)
COPD (1 time)
HSP65 (1 time)
1996 Evaluation of polymerase chain reaction-restriction enzyme analysis of mycobacteria cultured in BACTEC 12B bottles.
19  positive relative accommodation
(13 times)
Optometry
(8 times)
NRA (10 times)
AA (2 times)
BAF (2 times)
1985 Accommodative vergence and related findings for a Nigerian population.
20  periodontal risk assessment
(12 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
SPT (3 times)
APT (2 times)
BL (2 times)
2003 Periodontal risk assessment (PRA) for patients in supportive periodontal therapy (SPT).
21  peripheral renin activity
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ALDO (2 times)
GFR (2 times)
6-k-PGF1 alpha (1 time)
1976 Long-term effects of minoxidil in the treatment of malignant hypertension in chronic renal failure.
22  prerenal azotemia
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
AKI (10 times)
ATN (10 times)
HRS (6 times)
2010 Identification of diagnostic urinary biomarkers for acute kidney injury.
23  pattern analysis
(8 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
AMB (1 time)
FC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1995 Evaluation of a PCR based method for identification of mycobacterial isolates.
24  phosphoribosylanthranilate
(7 times)
Bacteriology
(3 times)
InGP (3 times)
PR (1 time)
ProFAR (1 time)
1969 In vitro formation of an active multienzyme complex in the tryptophan pathway of Neurospora crassa.
25  proximal radial artery
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AV (2 times)
NAVF (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
2003 Proximal radial artery as inflow site for native arteriovenous fistula.
26  N-(5'-phosphoribosyl)anthranilate
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
InGP (4 times)
AA (1 time)
CdRP (1 time)
1970 N-(5'-phosphoribosyl)anthranilate isomerase-indol-3-ylglycerol phosphate synthetase of tryptophan biosynthesis. Relationship between the two activities of the enzyme from Escherichia coli.
27  panel reactive assay
(6 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
Abs (1 time)
BOS (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
2001 Comparison of Flow Panel Reactive Assay (PRA) TM Specific Test with Complement Dependent Cytotoxicity (CDC) to Define the HLA Antibodies Specificity: A Preliminary Study.
28  percutaneous renal access
(6 times)
Urology
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
DS (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2010 Percutaneous renal access training: content validation comparison between a live porcine and a virtual reality (VR) simulation model.
29  phorbol 12-retinoate 13-acetate
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
MEZ (4 times)
PMA (3 times)
TPA (3 times)
1981 Skin tumor promotion by phorbol esters is a two-stage process.
30  panel reactivity
(5 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CDC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CREGs (1 time)
1992 Immunoadsorption of anti-HLA antibodies for highly sensitized patients awaiting renal transplantation.
31  plasmon resonance absorption
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
PRS (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2006 Enhanced plasmon resonance light scattering signals of colloidal gold resulted from its interactions with organic small molecules using captopril as an example.
32  pramipexole
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PPI (2 times)
CP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2010 The effects of pramipexole on prepulse inhibition and locomotor activity in C57BL/6J mice.
33  pregnancy-related anxiety
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AFCE (1 time)
LMIC (1 time)
PRA-Q (1 time)
2014 Randomised controlled pilot trial of mindfulness training for stress reduction during pregnancy.
34  preliminary risk analysis
(5 times)
Pharmacy
(4 times)
BPH (1 time)
GLPG (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
2011 Preliminary risk analysis applied to the transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
35  primary resection and anastomosis
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
HP (4 times)
CC (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2007 Operative strategies for diverticular peritonitis: a decision analysis between primary resection and anastomosis versus Hartmann's procedures.
36  proline-rich antigen
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
rPRA (2 times)
1998 Evaluation of the proline-rich antigen of Coccidioides immitis as a vaccine candidate in mice.
37  peak rotational acceleration
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
PLA (4 times)
AE (1 time)
AE, RE (1 time)
2017 Subconcussive Impact-Dependent Increase in Plasma S100beta Levels in Collegiate Football Players.
38  pediatric regional anesthesia
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
ASRA (1 time)
ESRA (1 time)
ESRA-ASRA (1 time)
2009 Pediatric regional anesthesia.
39  posterior retroperitoneal approach
(4 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
LTA (3 times)
LAMP (1 time)
TPA (1 time)
2014 Videoscopic adrenalectomy - when does retroperitoneal seem better?
40  pradofloxacin
(4 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
FQ (2 times)
MAR (1 time)
MICs (1 time)
2005 Comparative mutant prevention concentrations of pradofloxacin and other veterinary fluoroquinolones indicate differing potentials in preventing selection of resistance.
41  prospective risk analysis
(4 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
--- 2014 Practical, transparent prospective risk analysis for the clinical laboratory.
42  Paeoniae Radix Alba
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
5-HMF (1 time)
GSL (1 time)
SST (1 time)
2015 [Comparison of chemical composition between raw and vinegar-baked Paeoniae Radix Alba using NMR based metabolomic approach].
43  Participatory Rapid Appraisal
(3 times)
Cross-Cultural Comparison
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2011 An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by the people in Nhema communal area, Zimbabwe.
44  patients with hyponatremia
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PAC (1 time)
1999 Total paracentesis in cirrhotic patients with tense ascites and dilutional hyponatremia.
45  pattern recognition analysis
(3 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
GLM (1 time)
MKL (1 time)
2011 The use of high-resolution H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in the clinical diagnosis of Acanthamoeba.
46  peak resultant acceleration
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
GRF (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2015 Application of a tri-axial accelerometer to estimate jump frequency in volleyball.
47  plaque reduction
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
ACV (2 times)
PEA (2 times)
FCV (1 time)
2001 Absence of rapid selection for acyclovir or penciclovir resistance following suboptimal oral prodrug therapy of HSV-infected mice.
48  plasma renin activity was assessed
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ANF (3 times)
PA (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1990 [The effect of dopamine on hemodynamic and hormonal parameters in liver cirrhosis].
49  panel-reactive lymphocytotoxic antibodies
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
--- 1987 Posttransplant antidonor lymphocytotoxic antibody production in relation to graft outcome.
50  Paperwork Reduction Act
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
CFR (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1985 Medicare and Medicaid programs; OMB control numbers for collections of information contained in HCFA regulations--HCFA. Final rule.
51  pararosaniline
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AOPs (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
EV (1 time)
1986 A laboratory evaluation of two methods for measuring low levels of formaldehyde in indoor air.
52  participatory reflection and action
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
STAR (2 times)
2011 Formative evaluation of the STAR intervention: improving teachers' ability to provide psychosocial support for vulnerable individuals in the school community.
53  PCR-RFLP analysis
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
nPCR (1 time)
RFLP (1 time)
2008 Identification of individual DNA molecule of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by nested PCR-RFLP and capillary electrophoresis.
54  peripheral plasma
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
NWR (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
1977 Brain and kidney renin-angiotensin activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
55  personal retirement account
(2 times)
PAYG (1 time)
2011 Personal Retirement Accounts and Saving.
56  pest risk analysis
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
--- 2014 Eliciting and Combining Decision Criteria Using a Limited Palette of Utility Functions and Uncertainty Distributions: Illustrated by Application to Pest Risk Analysis.
57  pesticides residue analysis
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GLP (1 time)
QTOF (1 time)
TOF (1 time)
2006 Analytical study of trichlorfon residues in Kaki fruit and cauliflower samples by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.
58  petrous ridge angle
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PFA (2 times)
A-P (1 time)
ACF (1 time)
2013 Does conventional posterior vault remodeling alter endocranial morphology in patients with true lambdoid synostosis?
59  phase retrieval algorithm
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ECDSA (1 time)
HMAC (1 time)
2013 Optical identity authentication scheme based on elliptic curve digital signature algorithm and phase retrieval algorithm.
60  plasma aldosterone, cortisol and renin activity
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
1994 Postural stimulation test in patients with aldosterone producing adenomas.
61  Plasma aldosterone, renin activity
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
1978 Responsiveness of plasma aldosterone: dependency upon basal secretory activity.
62  plasmatic levels of aldosterone, renin activity
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
alpha-hANF (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1972 Studies of the control of plasma aldosterone concentration in normal man. I. Response to posture, acute and chronic volume depletion, and sodium loading.
63  platelet-repopulating ability
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
BrdUrd (1 time)
CFC (1 time)
1982 The organization of hemopoietic tissue as inferred from the effects of 5-fluorouracil.
64  PMNL-recruiting activity
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
PMNL (2 times)
GM-CSF (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
1990 Endotoxin-stimulated human macrophages produce a factor that induces polymorphonuclear leucocyte infiltration and is distinct from interleukin-1, tumour necrosis factor alpha and chemotactic factors.
65  position among Cushing's syndrome due to adrenal adenoma
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Renin-angiotensin system and plasma aldosterone in Cushing's syndrome.
66  prenylated Rab acceptor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EAAC1 (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2001 PRA isoforms are targeted to distinct membrane compartments.
67  primary anastomosis
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
MD (1 time)
NRR (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2012 Primary anastomosis vs nonrestorative resection for perforated diverticulitis with peritonitis: a prematurely terminated randomized controlled trial.
68  primary refractory anemia
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
FAB (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
1988 Dyserythropoiesis and erythroblast-phagocytosis preceding pure red cell aplasia.
69  PRL-releasing activity
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
GAS (1 time)
KRP (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
1978 Plasma prolactin-releasing factor-like activity in the amenorrhea-galactorrhea syndrome.
70  proactive risk assessment
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2010 Involving intensive care unit nurses in a proactive risk assessment of the medication management process.
71  probability of repeated admissions
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Prospective evaluation of a screen for complex discharge planning in hospitalized adults.
72  prostaglandin receptor antagonists
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CBPI (1 time)
2016 A Prospective, Randomized, Masked, Placebo-Controlled Multisite Clinical Study of Grapiprant, an EP4 Prostaglandin Receptor Antagonist (PRA), in Dogs with Osteoarthritis.
73  psychological risk assessment
(2 times)
Maxilla
(2 times)
AAPs (1 time)
2010 The need for preoperative psychological risk assessment.
74  pulmonary arteries
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
eNOS (2 times)
DHE (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2007 Heat shock protein 90 modulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity and vascular reactivity in the newborn piglet pulmonary circulation.
75  pulmonary resistance-level arteries
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
20-HETE (1 time)
BK (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2002 Mechanisms of bradykinin-mediated dilation in newborn piglet pulmonary conducting and resistance vessels.
76  pulse related artefact
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
cICA (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2009 Rejection of pulse related artefact (PRA) from continuous electroencephalographic (EEG) time series recorded during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using constraint independent component analysis (cICA).
77  3-amino-1-propanol
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
APCI (1 time)
BUA (1 time)
MEA (1 time)
2000 Selective detection of alkanolamine vapors by ion mobility spectrometry with ketone reagent gases.
78  high-panel-reactive antibody
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DDKT (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
TPE (1 time)
2017 Outcome of Pretransplantation Therapeutic Plasma Exchange in Highly Sensitized Deceased-donor Kidney Transplant Recipients.
79  non-pregnant status
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1980 [Renin and aldosterone during pregnancy (author's transl)].
80  PAC decreased during the ANF infusion
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ANF (1 time)
1994 Effects of atrial natriuretic factor infusion on plasma prorenin levels in hypertensive males.
81  Panel reacting antigens
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
DGF (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2011 Effect of pre-transplantation hemoglobin concentration on prognosis of renal transplant recipients.
82  panel response assay
(1 time)
Kidney Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2009 Pronase-free B-cell flow-cytometry crossmatch.
83  panel-reactive cytotoxic antibody
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
MAILA (1 time)
1995 HLA-DP antibodies in patients awaiting renal transplantation.
84  panel-reactive HLA class I alloantibodies
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Prospective analysis of HLA immunogenicity of cryopreserved valved allografts used in pediatric heart surgery.
85  para-rosaniline hydrochloride
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
2001 Use of rosaniline hydrochloride dye for atmospheric SO2 determination and method sensitivity analysis.
86  paracetamol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Powder Compression Properties of Paracetamol, Paracetamol Hydrochloride, and Paracetamol Cocrystals and Coformers.
87  Paracetamol form I
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2017 Relationship between mechanical properties and crystal structure in cocrystals and salt of paracetamol.
88  parakeratosis/ruminitis/acidosis
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
GR (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2014 Diet and diet-related disorders in captive ruminants at the national zoological gardens of South Africa.
89  pararosaniline-formaldehyde
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1985 A rapid air titration method for determining SO2 concentration in inhalation chambers.
90  parental role alteration
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
2013 Mothers are not fathers: differences between parents in the reduction of stress levels after a parental intervention in a NICU.
91  partial resurfacing arthroplasty
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HHA (1 time)
HSD (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2012 Moderate to large engaging Hill-Sachs defects: an invitro biomechanical comparison of the remplissage procedure, allograft humeral head reconstruction, and partial resurfacing arthroplasty.
92  participatory research and action
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
ARV (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
PLWHA (1 time)
2012 Improving adherence to ante-retroviral treatment for people with harmful alcohol use in Kariobangi, Kenya through participatory research and action.
93  participatory reservation approach
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2008 Disabled persons and HIV/AIDS prevention: a case study of deaf and leprosy persons in Nigeria.
94  Participatory Rural Appraisal methods
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 1997 Planning with PRA: HIV and STD in a Nepalese mountain community.
95  patient reactions assessment
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CPRA (1 time)
2012 The caregiver-provider relationship assessment: measuring family caregivers' perceptions of relationship quality with health care providers.
96  patients recumbent
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
TU (1 time)
1978 The kallikrein-kinin system in Bartter's syndrome and its response to prostaglandin synthetase inhibition.
97  patients with severe CHF
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
NYHA (1 time)
1990 Effects of captopril on forearm oxygen consumption during dynamic handgrip exercise in patients with congestive heart failure.
98  Patients' Rights Act
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
WWU (1 time)
2018 Physicians' comprehension of the German Patients' Rights Act: A cross-sectional study.
99  patients--panel reactive antibody
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ALG (1 time)
1992 Value of panel reactive antibodies (PRA) as a guide to the treatment of hyperimmunized patients in renal transplantation.
100  PCR amplification-restriction analysis
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Differentiation of mycobacterial species by PCR-restriction analysis of DNA (342 base pairs) of the RNA polymerase gene (rpoB).