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Abbreviation: PRE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
paramagnetic relaxation enhancement
(189 times)
Chemistry
(59 times)
NMR (14 times)
DNP (9 times)
PCS (7 times)
1999 Paramagnetic proton nuclear spin relaxation theory of low-symmetry complexes for electron spin quantum number S = 52.
Pearl River Estuary
(152 times)
Environmental Health
(126 times)
PRD (14 times)
SCS (13 times)
PAHs (10 times)
2004 The formation mechanisms of turbidity maximum in the Pearl River estuary, China.
progesterone response element
(57 times)
Molecular Biology
(22 times)
PR (30 times)
EMSA (4 times)
ERE (4 times)
1988 Steroid hormone-dependent interaction of human progesterone receptor with its target enhancer element.
progressive resistance exercise
(54 times)
Rehabilitation
(16 times)
CP (5 times)
CG (3 times)
mFC (3 times)
1983 Progressive resistance exercise training of the hypotrophic quadriceps muscle in man. The effects on morphology, size and function as well as the influence of duration of effort.
performed before
(41 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
EMG (5 times)
CMJ (4 times)
BP (3 times)
1985 Response to muscular exercise following repeated simulated weightlessness.
Polycomb response element
(38 times)
Biology
(10 times)
PcG (18 times)
Pho (4 times)
BX-C (3 times)
1995 Distinct parasegmental and imaginal enhancers and the establishment of the expression pattern of the Ubx gene.
pre-exercise
(34 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
IP (6 times)
POST (6 times)
CON (5 times)
1986 Exercise intensity and erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate concentration.
preoperatively
(32 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
Post (5 times)
QoL (4 times)
VAS (3 times)
1987 Transient biventricular dysfunction following coronary bypass surgery with potassium cardioplegia.
posttranscriptional regulatory element
(28 times)
Virology
(12 times)
HBV (14 times)
RRE (5 times)
CTE (4 times)
1995 Role of the hepatitis B virus posttranscriptional regulatory element in export of intronless transcripts.
10  pre-intervention
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
POST (13 times)
AC (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
2008 Comparison two-year effects of once-weekly and twice-weekly water exercise on health-related quality of life of community-dwelling frail elderly people at a day-service facility.
11  preoperative
(21 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
Post (12 times)
AUC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1984 Successful DR-incompatible cadaver kidney transplantation. Combined effect of HLA A and B matching and blood transfusion.
12  precision
(19 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
ACC (7 times)
AUC (5 times)
REC (5 times)
2011 Use of sensitive devices to assess the effect of medication on attentional demands of precision and power grips in individuals with Parkinson disease.
13  premenopausal
(18 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
POST (12 times)
PERI (5 times)
BMI (3 times)
1991 Repeated serum and urinary androgen measurements in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
14  pomegranate rind extract
(17 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HSV (4 times)
CSE (3 times)
GA (3 times)
1998 The specific and sensitive detection of bacterial pathogens within 4 h using bacteriophage amplification.
15  positive regulatory element
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
NRE (3 times)
SNPs (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1991 Sp1 is essential and its position is important for p120 gene transcription: a 35 bp juxtaposed positive regulatory element enhances transcription 2.5 fold.
16  prednisolone
(16 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CsA (4 times)
DEX (4 times)
ASP (2 times)
1992 Glucocorticoid inhibition of inflammation-induced metallothionein synthesis in mouse liver.
17  pretranslocation
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
POST (7 times)
EF-G (3 times)
smFRET (3 times)
2006 Reverse translocation of tRNA in the ribosome.
18  precipitation
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
TEM (3 times)
NDVI (2 times)
PET (2 times)
2007 Climate and cholera in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: the role of environmental factors and implications for epidemic preparedness.
19  pre-emergence
(13 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
POST (4 times)
a.i (1 time)
ABA (1 time)
2002 Isoflavone, glyphosate, and aminomethylphosphonic acid levels in seeds of glyphosate-treated, glyphosate-resistant soybean.
20  prebiotic
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
PRO (7 times)
SYN (4 times)
ABT (2 times)
2004 Prebiotic inulin enriched with oligofructose in combination with the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium lactis modulates intestinal immune functions in rats.
21  pharmacoresistant epilepsy
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
FCD (2 times)
Hip-LFS (2 times)
VNS (2 times)
2002 Surgical pathology of drug-resistant partial epilepsy. A 10-year-experience with a series of 327 consecutive resections.
22  pre-training
(12 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
POST (9 times)
VL (3 times)
CON (2 times)
1996 Progressive effect of endurance training on metabolic adaptations in working skeletal muscle.
23  preeclampsia
(11 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NORM (2 times)
PDGF (2 times)
PTB (2 times)
1999 Immunochemical localization of platelet-derived growth factor in placenta and its possible role in pre-eclampsia.
24  photoreactivating enzyme
(10 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
UDS (2 times)
1976 Analaysis of photoenzymatic repair of UV lesions in DNA by single light flashes. XI. Light-induced activation of the yeast photoreactivating enzyme.
25  plasma removal efficiency
(10 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
TPE (4 times)
CSP (3 times)
SPO (3 times)
2009 Improved plasma removal efficiency for therapeutic plasma exchange using a new apheresis platform.
26  pre-treatment
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
POST (10 times)
AFLS (1 time)
ASRS (1 time)
2004 The effect of a single treatment of the Protonics system on biceps femoris and gluteus medius activation during gait and the lateral step up exercise.
27  preseason
(10 times)
Physical Education and Training
(3 times)
POST (7 times)
CON (2 times)
IE (2 times)
1993 Practice-augmented tolerance to triazolam: evidence from an analysis of operant response durations and interresponse times.
28  p53-responsive element
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
ChIP (1 time)
cOVGP1 (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
1996 Interactions among Janus kinases and the prolactin (PRL) receptor in the regulation of a PRL response element.
29  prepubertal
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
Pub (5 times)
POST (3 times)
CL (2 times)
1992 Photoperiod modulates pubertal shifts in behavioral responsiveness to testosterone.
30  Pura Raza Espanol
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CNV (1 time)
CNVRs (1 time)
CNVs (1 time)
2014 Sex reversal syndrome in the horse: four new cases of feminization in individuals carrying a 64,XY SRY negative chromosomal complement.
31  PACLOBUTRAZOL RESISTANCE
(8 times)
Botany
(4 times)
ABA (2 times)
BR (2 times)
bHLH (1 time)
2017 Involvement of PACLOBUTRAZOL RESISTANCE6/KIDARI, an Atypical bHLH Transcription Factor, in Auxin Responses in Arabidopsis.
32  polyphenol-rich extract
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CRC (2 times)
ARF (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2015 Bioassay-based isolation and identification of phenolics from sweet cherry that promote active glucose consumption by HepG2 cells.
33  preimplementation
(8 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
POST (6 times)
LOS (2 times)
APS (1 time)
2014 Fatty acid oxidation changes and the correlation with oxidative stress in different preeclampsia-like mouse models.
34  pretreatment
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
OS (3 times)
EDT (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
2010 Phase II trial of hyperfractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy and concurrent weekly cisplatin for Stage III and IVa head-and-neck cancer.
35  proton relaxation enhancement
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
Gd-DOTA (1 time)
Gd-DTPA (1 time)
Gd-EDTA (1 time)
1977 A novel approach to water proton relaxation in paramagnetic ion-macromolecule complexes.
36  P resorption efficiency
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NRE (7 times)
CB-SEM (1 time)
NRP (1 time)
2016 Stage-dependent stoichiometric homeostasis and responses of nutrient resorption in Amaranthus mangostanus to nitrogen and phosphorus addition.
37  period
(7 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
24HR (1 time)
7DDR (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1995 Social desirability bias in dietary self-report may compromise the validity of dietary intake measures.
38  persistent radical effect
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DKP (1 time)
2001 The persistent radical effect in organic synthesis.
39  pheromone response element
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
SRE (2 times)
UAS (2 times)
PAE (1 time)
1990 The PRE and PQ box are functionally distinct yeast pheromone response elements.
40  preceding
(7 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATLAS (1 time)
1998 Heterosis and breed additive effects for Hereford, Tarentaise, and the reciprocal crosses for calf traits.
41  points: before
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CK (2 times)
LC (2 times)
MC (2 times)
2014 Effect of eccentric contractions of elbow flexor on bone formation and resorption markers.
42  post-retrieval extinction
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
AMPAR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2018 Dissociated Role of D-Serine in Extinction During Consolidation vs. Reconsolidation of Context Conditioned Fear.
43  preconditioning
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
Post (3 times)
I/R (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2003 Can preconditioning reduce laparoscopy-induced tissue injury?
44  pregnancy
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
non-PRE (3 times)
BP (2 times)
IGFBP-1 (2 times)
2003 Blood pressure, serum lipids, fasting insulin, and adrenal hormones in 12-year-old children born with maternal preeclampsia.
45  prion-related encephalopathies
(6 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (6 times)
Cdk5 (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
1996 Amyloid in Alzheimer's disease and prion-related encephalopathies: studies with synthetic peptides.
46  prior to exercise
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
BV (1 time)
1997 The influence of blood volume changes on leucocyte and lymphocyte subpopulations in elite swimmers following interval training of varying intensities.
47  protein retention efficiency
(6 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
FCR (3 times)
ERE (2 times)
PER (2 times)
2001 Growth, protein-turnover rates and nucleic-acid concentrations in the white muscle of rainbow trout during development.
48  Parameter Response Efficacy
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
UACR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CV (2 times)
2015 Prediction of the effect of atrasentan on renal and heart failure outcomes based on short-term changes in multiple risk markers.
49  patients before
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GPi DBS (2 times)
MDD (2 times)
CANTAB (1 time)
2017 Macrophage-Derived Chemokine: A Putative Marker of Pharmacological Therapy Response in Major Depression?
50  Pittsburgh Response to Endovascular therapy
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
mRS (3 times)
THRIVE (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2014 Pittsburgh Response to Endovascular therapy (PRE) score: optimizing patient selection for endovascular therapy for large vessel occlusion strokes.
51  prealbumin
(5 times)
Digestive System Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
CRP (4 times)
RBP (3 times)
TRF (3 times)
1992 Serum protein concentrations in Plasmodium falciparum malaria.
52  prednisone
(5 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
COP (1 time)
CTW (1 time)
1997 [The effect of immunosuppressive drugs on expression of surface antigens of lymphocytes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis].
53  pregnenolone
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PRO (4 times)
TS (4 times)
AN (3 times)
2015 Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls decrease circulating steroids in female polar bears (Ursus maritimus).
54  purple rice extract
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HSF (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2014 Purple rice extract supplemented diet reduces DMH- induced aberrant crypt foci in the rat colon by inhibition of bacterial beta-glucuronidase.
55  pigmented retina epithelium
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
1976 Contacts between pigmented retina epithelial cells in culture.
56  Posterior reversible encephalopathy
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AHT (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2003 [Posterior reversible encephalopathy in infancy].
57  pre-hibernation
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SA (4 times)
IBA (3 times)
ET (2 times)
2018 Controllable oxidative stress and tissue specificity in major tissues during the torpor-arousal cycle in hibernating Daurian ground squirrels.
58  predictive refractive error
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ARE (3 times)
IMH (2 times)
IOL (2 times)
2021 Refractive outcomes after vitrectomy combined with phacoemulsification of idiopathic macular holes.
59  preoperative period
(4 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
CLP (2 times)
APR (1 time)
APRP (1 time)
2002 [Relationship between acute phase reactant proteins (APRP) and fatigue during post-operative convalescence].
60  prepathway
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
POST (4 times)
LOS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2001 The impact of a clinical pathway for gastric bypass surgery on resource utilization.
61  primary reexcision
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
NRSTS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
2000 Importance of local treatment in pediatric soft tissue sarcomas with microscopic residual after primary surgery: results of the Italian Cooperative Study RMS-88.
62  purine-rich element
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
dsx (1 time)
EIAV (1 time)
eTat (1 time)
1996 Assembly of specific SR protein complexes on distinct regulatory elements of the Drosophila doublesex splicing enhancer.
63  Pattern Recognition Entropy
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EDA (1 time)
kNN (1 time)
LC-MS (1 time)
2018 Using pattern recognition entropy to select mass chromatograms to prepare total ion current chromatograms from raw liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry data.
64  peak reconstruction error
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ABC (1 time)
CPU time (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2014 Design of two-channel filter bank using nature inspired optimization based fractional derivative constraints.
65  performance before
(3 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
1RM (1 time)
APFT (1 time)
MID (1 time)
2017 The Effect of Physical Readiness Training on Reserve Officers' Training Corps Freshmen Cadets.
66  performed immediately before
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
SSC (2 times)
MVC (1 time)
1981 Human exposure to ferric sulfate aerosol: effects on pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms.
67  personal readjustment and education
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ASMT (4 times)
TBI (2 times)
AX-O (1 time)
2014 Anger self-management in chronic traumatic brain injury: protocol for a psycho-educational treatment with a structurally equivalent control and an evaluation of treatment enactment.
68  phosphorus recovery efficiency
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Al-P (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
DMY (1 time)
2015 Improving phosphorus uptake and wheat productivity by phosphoric acid application in alkaline calcareous soils.
69  Platycodi radix extract
(3 times)
Pharmacognosy
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
DAS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2014 An HPLC-MS/MS method for the quantitative determination of platycodin D in rat plasma and its application to the pharmacokinetics of Platycodi Radix extract.
70  polyamine-responsive element
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SSAT (2 times)
DFMO (1 time)
Nrf2 (1 time)
1998 The identification of a cis-element and a trans-acting factor involved in the response to polyamines and polyamine analogues in the regulation of the human spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase gene transcription.
71  polysaccharide-rich extract
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2018 The anticonvulsant effect of a polysaccharide-rich extract from Genipa americana leaves is mediated by GABA receptor.
72  positive response element
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NRE (1 time)
SV (1 time)
TFE3 (1 time)
1999 Identification of regulatory sequences and binding proteins in the type II sodium/phosphate cotransporter NPT2 gene responsive to dietary phosphate.
73  potato root exudates
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
PCN (1 time)
PCNs (1 time)
2012 Novel bioassay demonstrates attraction of the white potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida (Stone) to non-volatile and volatile host plant cues.
74  pre-infection
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
FEN (1 time)
1988 Effects of anesthetic induction on myocardial function and metabolism: a comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil and alfentanil.
75  preceded
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HEP (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
PDV (1 time)
1988 Subclinical ammonia toxicity in steers: effects on blood metabolite and regulatory hormone concentrations.
76  precuneus
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
EC (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2018 Analysis of voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity in medication-free, current major depressive disorder.
77  prediction
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
SEE (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
1986 Determination of crude protein and fat in carcass and breast muscle samples of poultry by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy.
78  pregabalin
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CIWA-Ar (1 time)
DES (1 time)
DUL (1 time)
2009 Pregabalin versus naltrexone in alcohol dependence: a randomised, double-blind, comparison trial.
79  preintervention group
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
POST (2 times)
HS (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2007 Influence of endurance training on muscle [PCr] kinetics during high-intensity exercise.
80  prenatal
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
POS (1 time)
POST (1 time)
1992 Postnatal deficiency of omega-3 fatty acids in monkeys: fluid intake and urine concentration.
81  prepartum
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
POST (4 times)
BS (2 times)
HF (2 times)
2013 Influence of energy and nutrient supply pre and post partum on performance of multiparous Simmental, Brown Swiss and Holstein cows in early lactation.
82  press
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FVII (1 time)
PAI-1 antigen (1 time)
t-PA antigen (1 time)
2021 Relationship between internal accuracy and load-bearing capacity of minimally invasive lithium disilicate occlusal veneers.
83  presubiculum
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ENT (3 times)
PARA (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1995 Neurons, intracellular and extracellular neurofibrillary tangles in subdivisions of the hippocampal cortex in normal ageing and Alzheimer's disease.
84  preterm
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CFQ (1 time)
1990 Biochemical measurement in cord blood as an indicator of neonatal maturity.
85  proportional reduction in error
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
--- 1988 Coexistence of spermatozoa morphological abnormalities in the semen of potentially fertile men.
86  prostatic epithelium
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
Rb (2 times)
rUGM (2 times)
BLE (1 time)
1992 Role of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in the differentiation and spatial organization of visceral smooth muscle.
87  protein
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DEP (1 time)
GLOW (1 time)
2013 Tuning direct current streaming dielectrophoresis of proteins.
88  protein repairing enzyme
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PIMT (2 times)
PIMT1 (1 time)
2020 PROTEIN l-ISOASPARTYL METHYLTRANSFERASE (PIMT) in plants: regulations and functions.
89  proximal regulatory element
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AP-2 (1 time)
APP (1 time)
1999 Purification and characterization of TEF1, a transcription factor that controls the human transforming growth factor-alpha promoter.
90  proxy re-encryption
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ABE (1 time)
IoT (1 time)
IPE (1 time)
2019 A Secured Proxy-Based Data Sharing Module in IoT Environments Using Blockchain.
91  pseudo-reference electrode
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
bio (1 time)
CLV (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2017 A bimetallic nanocoral Au decorated with Pt nanoflowers (bio)sensor for H2O2 detection at low potential.
92  Paeoniae Radix
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
1996 Endothelium-dependent vasodilator effect of extract prepared from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora on isolated rat aorta.
93  Paeoniae Radix extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CCE (1 time)
CGCs (1 time)
2004 Effects of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion on pharmacokinetic fate of paeoniflorin after intravenous administration of Paeoniae Radix extract in rats.
94  paramagnetic resonance enhancement
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 A general polymer model of unfolded proteins under folding conditions.
95  pars recta extract
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ARISX (1 time)
CE (1 time)
VE (1 time)
1999 Analyses of oviductal pars recta-induced fertilizability of coelomic eggs in Xenopus laevis.
96  partial radiation exposures
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
AK (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
FT (1 time)
1991 [Dosimetric planning of partial radiation exposure in radiobiological experiments].
97  participants before
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
2016 A single exercise bout enhances the manufacture of viral-specific T-cells from healthy donors: implications for allogeneic adoptive transfer immunotherapy.
98  patient-reported experiences
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PRO (1 time)
RN (1 time)
2018 Development and validation of the Swedish national stroke register Riksstroke's questionnaires in patients at 3 and 12 months after stroke: a qualitative study.
99  patients one month before
(2 times)
Pain Management
(1 time)
MME (2 times)
CI (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2018 Patient education and engagement in postoperative pain management decreases opioid use following knee replacement surgery.
100  patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery before
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HP (2 times)
SAP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2017 Cardiovascular interactions assessed via conditional joint transfer entropy in patients developing atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.