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Abbreviation: PRE
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Long forms: 420

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
paramagnetic relaxation enhancement
(141 times)
Chemistry
(45 times)
NMR (10 times)
DNP (6 times)
PCS (5 times)
1999 Paramagnetic proton nuclear spin relaxation theory of low-symmetry complexes for electron spin quantum number S = 52.
Pearl River Estuary
(72 times)
Environmental Health
(61 times)
PRD (11 times)
PAHs (8 times)
SCS (8 times)
2004 The formation mechanisms of turbidity maximum in the Pearl River estuary, China.
progesterone response element
(54 times)
Molecular Biology
(22 times)
PR (29 times)
EMSA (4 times)
ERE (4 times)
1988 Steroid hormone-dependent interaction of human progesterone receptor with its target enhancer element.
progressive resistance exercise
(48 times)
Rehabilitation
(14 times)
CP (4 times)
mFC (3 times)
OA (3 times)
1983 Progressive resistance exercise training of the hypotrophic quadriceps muscle in man. The effects on morphology, size and function as well as the influence of duration of effort.
Polycomb response element
(36 times)
Biology
(10 times)
PcG (18 times)
Pho (4 times)
BX-C (3 times)
1995 Distinct parasegmental and imaginal enhancers and the establishment of the expression pattern of the Ubx gene.
preoperative
(32 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
POST (9 times)
CPB (3 times)
APTT (2 times)
1984 Successful DR-incompatible cadaver kidney transplantation. Combined effect of HLA A and B matching and blood transfusion.
pre-exercise
(31 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
CON (5 times)
IP (5 times)
POST (5 times)
1986 Exercise intensity and erythrocyte 2,3-diphosphoglycerate concentration.
posttranscriptional regulatory element
(26 times)
Virology
(11 times)
HBV (12 times)
RRE (5 times)
CTE (4 times)
1995 Role of the hepatitis B virus posttranscriptional regulatory element in export of intronless transcripts.
positive regulatory element
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
NRE (3 times)
SNPs (2 times)
AS (1 time)
1991 Sp1 is essential and its position is important for p120 gene transcription: a 35 bp juxtaposed positive regulatory element enhances transcription 2.5 fold.
10  premenopausal
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
POST (12 times)
BMI (3 times)
PERI (3 times)
1991 Repeated serum and urinary androgen measurements in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
11  prednisolone
(15 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CsA (4 times)
DEX (4 times)
ASP (2 times)
1992 Glucocorticoid inhibition of inflammation-induced metallothionein synthesis in mouse liver.
12  pretranslocation
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
POST (7 times)
EF-G (3 times)
smFRET (3 times)
2006 Reverse translocation of tRNA in the ribosome.
13  pomegranate rind extract
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HSV (4 times)
GTE (2 times)
BHT (1 time)
1998 The specific and sensitive detection of bacterial pathogens within 4 h using bacteriophage amplification.
14  pre-treatment
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
POST (8 times)
EDT (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2004 The effect of a single treatment of the Protonics system on biceps femoris and gluteus medius activation during gait and the lateral step up exercise.
15  photoreactivating enzyme
(10 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
UDS (2 times)
1976 Analaysis of photoenzymatic repair of UV lesions in DNA by single light flashes. XI. Light-induced activation of the yeast photoreactivating enzyme.
16  pre-training
(10 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
POST (7 times)
CSA (2 times)
RF (2 times)
1996 Progressive effect of endurance training on metabolic adaptations in working skeletal muscle.
17  prebiotic
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
PRO (6 times)
SYN (4 times)
PBMC (2 times)
2004 Prebiotic inulin enriched with oligofructose in combination with the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium lactis modulates intestinal immune functions in rats.
18  preeclampsia
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PDGF (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1999 Immunochemical localization of platelet-derived growth factor in placenta and its possible role in pre-eclampsia.
19  preintervention
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
POST (5 times)
ADL (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2008 Does a pain scale improve pain assessment in the pediatric emergency department?
20  proton relaxation enhancement
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
Gd-DOTA (1 time)
Gd-DTPA (1 time)
Gd-EDTA (1 time)
1977 A novel approach to water proton relaxation in paramagnetic ion-macromolecule complexes.
21  p53-responsive element
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
ChIP (1 time)
cOVGP1 (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
1996 Interactions among Janus kinases and the prolactin (PRL) receptor in the regulation of a PRL response element.
22  pheromone response element
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
SRE (2 times)
UAS (2 times)
PAE (1 time)
1990 The PRE and PQ box are functionally distinct yeast pheromone response elements.
23  prepubertal
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
Pub (3 times)
POST (2 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
1992 Photoperiod modulates pubertal shifts in behavioral responsiveness to testosterone.
24  pharmacoresistant epilepsy
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CDs (1 time)
DNTs (1 time)
ECINN (1 time)
2002 Surgical pathology of drug-resistant partial epilepsy. A 10-year-experience with a series of 327 consecutive resections.
25  plasma removal efficiency
(6 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CSP (3 times)
SPO (3 times)
TPE (3 times)
2010 Improved plasma removal efficiency for therapeutic plasma exchange using a new apheresis platform.
26  prion-related encephalopathies
(6 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (6 times)
Cdk5 (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
1996 Amyloid in Alzheimer's disease and prion-related encephalopathies: studies with synthetic peptides.
27  Pre-session
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
POST (5 times)
CON (2 times)
IE (2 times)
1993 Practice-augmented tolerance to triazolam: evidence from an analysis of operant response durations and interresponse times.
28  preceding
(5 times)
Sports
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATLAS (1 time)
1998 Heterosis and breed additive effects for Hereford, Tarentaise, and the reciprocal crosses for calf traits.
29  preemergence
(5 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
POST (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AMPA (1 time)
2003 Isoflavone, glyphosate, and aminomethylphosphonic acid levels in seeds of glyphosate-treated, glyphosate-resistant soybean.
30  pregnancy
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
non-PRE (3 times)
BP (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2003 Blood pressure, serum lipids, fasting insulin, and adrenal hormones in 12-year-old children born with maternal preeclampsia.
31  pregnenolone
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
PRO (4 times)
TS (4 times)
AN (3 times)
2015 Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls decrease circulating steroids in female polar bears (Ursus maritimus).
32  persistent radical effect
(4 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DKP (1 time)
2001 The persistent radical effect in organic synthesis.
33  pigmented retina epithelium
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
1976 Contacts between pigmented retina epithelial cells in culture.
34  Pittsburgh Response to Endovascular therapy
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
HIAT2 (2 times)
mRS (2 times)
THRIVE (2 times)
2015 Pittsburgh Response to Endovascular therapy (PRE) score: optimizing patient selection for endovascular therapy for large vessel occlusion strokes.
35  Posterior reversible encephalopathy
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AHT (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2003 [Posterior reversible encephalopathy in infancy].
36  prealbumin
(4 times)
Digestive System Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
CRP (3 times)
RBP (3 times)
TRF (3 times)
1992 Serum protein concentrations in Plasmodium falciparum malaria.
37  preimplementation
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
POST (4 times)
LOS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2016 Improving the retrieval rate of inferior vena cava filters with a multidisciplinary team approach.
38  primary reexcision
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
NRSTS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
2000 Importance of local treatment in pediatric soft tissue sarcomas with microscopic residual after primary surgery: results of the Italian Cooperative Study RMS-88.
39  purine-rich element
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
dsx (1 time)
EIAV (1 time)
eTat (1 time)
1996 Assembly of specific SR protein complexes on distinct regulatory elements of the Drosophila doublesex splicing enhancer.
40  P resorption efficiency
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
NRE (3 times)
2016 Stage-dependent stoichiometric homeostasis and responses of nutrient resorption in Amaranthus mangostanus to nitrogen and phosphorus addition.
41  peak reconstruction error
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ABC (1 time)
CPU time (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2015 Design of two-channel filter bank using nature inspired optimization based fractional derivative constraints.
42  Platycodi radix extract
(3 times)
Pharmacognosy
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
DAS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2014 An HPLC-MS/MS method for the quantitative determination of platycodin D in rat plasma and its application to the pharmacokinetics of Platycodi Radix extract.
43  points; before
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LC (2 times)
MC (2 times)
CK (1 time)
2016 Time-Motion and Biological Responses in Simulated Mixed Martial Arts Sparring Matches.
44  polyamine-responsive element
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SSAT (2 times)
DFMO (1 time)
Nrf2 (1 time)
1998 The identification of a cis-element and a trans-acting factor involved in the response to polyamines and polyamine analogues in the regulation of the human spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase gene transcription.
45  polysaccharide-rich extract
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2018 The anticonvulsant effect of a polysaccharide-rich extract from Genipa americana leaves is mediated by GABA receptor.
46  positive response element
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NRE (1 time)
SV (1 time)
TFE3 (1 time)
1999 Identification of regulatory sequences and binding proteins in the type II sodium/phosphate cotransporter NPT2 gene responsive to dietary phosphate.
47  precipitation
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CHL-a (1 time)
GPP (1 time)
NDVI (1 time)
2008 Climate and cholera in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: the role of environmental factors and implications for epidemic preparedness.
48  prediction
(3 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
SEE (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
1986 Determination of crude protein and fat in carcass and breast muscle samples of poultry by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy.
49  pregabalin
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CIWA-Ar (1 time)
DES (1 time)
DUL (1 time)
2010 Pregabalin versus naltrexone in alcohol dependence: a randomised, double-blind, comparison trial.
50  prenatal
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
POS (1 time)
POST (1 time)
1992 Postnatal deficiency of omega-3 fatty acids in monkeys: fluid intake and urine concentration.
51  preoperative period
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
APR (1 time)
APRP (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2002 [Relationship between acute phase reactant proteins (APRP) and fatigue during post-operative convalescence].
52  presubiculum
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ENT (3 times)
PARA (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1995 Neurons, intracellular and extracellular neurofibrillary tangles in subdivisions of the hippocampal cortex in normal ageing and Alzheimer's disease.
53  proportional reduction in error
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
--- 1988 Coexistence of spermatozoa morphological abnormalities in the semen of potentially fertile men.
54  prostatic epithelium
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
Rb (2 times)
rUGM (2 times)
BLE (1 time)
1992 Role of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in the differentiation and spatial organization of visceral smooth muscle.
55  protein retention efficiency
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CSE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
2001 Growth, protein-turnover rates and nucleic-acid concentrations in the white muscle of rainbow trout during development.
56  proximal regulatory element
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AP-2 (1 time)
APP (1 time)
1999 Purification and characterization of TEF1, a transcription factor that controls the human transforming growth factor-alpha promoter.
57  pseudoreference electrode
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
bio (1 time)
CLV (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2017 A bimetallic nanocoral Au decorated with Pt nanoflowers (bio)sensor for H2O2 detection at low potential.
58  Pura Raza Espanol
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DSD (1 time)
MEN (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2014 Sex reversal syndrome in the horse: four new cases of feminization in individuals carrying a 64,XY SRY negative chromosomal complement.
59  Paeoniae Radix
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PR (1 time)
1996 Endothelium-dependent vasodilator effect of extract prepared from the roots of Paeonia lactiflora on isolated rat aorta.
60  Paeoniae Radix extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CCE (1 time)
CGCs (1 time)
2004 Effects of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion on pharmacokinetic fate of paeoniflorin after intravenous administration of Paeoniae Radix extract in rats.
61  paramagnetic resonance enhancement
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 A general polymer model of unfolded proteins under folding conditions.
62  pars recta extract
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ARISX (1 time)
CE (1 time)
VE (1 time)
1999 Analyses of oviductal pars recta-induced fertilizability of coelomic eggs in Xenopus laevis.
63  patient radiation exposure
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
AK (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
FT (1 time)
1991 [Dosimetric planning of partial radiation exposure in radiobiological experiments].
64  patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery before
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HP (2 times)
SAP (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2016 Cardiovascular interactions assessed via conditional joint transfer entropy in patients developing atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
65  peak-renal enhancement
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HPI (1 time)
2016 Renal versus splenic maximum slope based perfusion CT modelling in patients with portal-hypertension.
66  perceived relational evaluation
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2012 Perceived relational evaluation as a predictor of self-esteem and mood in people with a psychotic disorder.
67  peripheral blood samples before
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DAYS104 (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
BWT (1 time)
1991 Genetic parameters for testosterone production in boars.
68  personal readjustment and education
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ASMT (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
AX-O (1 time)
2015 Anger self-management in chronic traumatic brain injury: protocol for a psycho-educational treatment with a structurally equivalent control and an evaluation of treatment enactment.
69  petroleum refinery effluent
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
FKM (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2014 Kinetic modeling of a heterogeneous Fenton oxidative treatment of petroleum refining wastewater.
70  pitting resistance equivalent
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Effect of Mo content and pH value on the corrosion behavior of Ni-20Cr-Mo dental alloys].
71  plant risk evaluation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
WRA (1 time)
2015 The development of a plant risk evaluation (PRE) tool for assessing the invasive potential of ornamental plants.
72  polyadenylation response element
(2 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
CPE (2 times)
3'UTR (1 time)
PCM1 (1 time)
2008 Mos 3' UTR regulatory differences underlie species-specific temporal patterns of Mos mRNA cytoplasmic polyadenylation and translational recruitment during oocyte maturation.
73  polysynaptic reflex excitability
(2 times)
Decision Making
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
CST (1 time)
MBD (1 time)
2015 Clinical and electrophysiological aspects of tics in children.
74  positive repetition effect
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
NRE (2 times)
NCRE (1 time)
1990 Stimulus repetition effects and the dimension-feature distinction in alternative targets.
75  post-procedure-related events
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PREs (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2012 Ureteric stent placement with extraction string: no strings attached?
76  potato root exudates
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PCNs (1 time)
2012 Novel bioassay demonstrates attraction of the white potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida (Stone) to non-volatile and volatile host plant cues.
77  power testing occurred before training
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
MBT (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2009 Comparison between different off-season resistance training programs in Division III American college football players.
78  pre-donation
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
FIRST (2 times)
POST (2 times)
SECOND (2 times)
2008 Spectral analysis of finger photoplethysmographic waveform variability in a model of mild to moderate haemorrhage.
79  pre-induction
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
FEN (1 time)
1988 Effects of anesthetic induction on myocardial function and metabolism: a comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil and alfentanil.
80  pre-partum
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
POST (3 times)
BS (2 times)
HF (2 times)
2014 Influence of energy and nutrient supply pre and post partum on performance of multiparous Simmental, Brown Swiss and Holstein cows in early lactation.
81  pre-pathway
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
POST (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AFF (1 time)
2015 An enhanced recovery pathway reduces duration of stay and complications after open pulmonary lobectomy.
82  prebiotic oligofructose-enriched inulin
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
c.f.u (1 time)
DMBA (1 time)
NMU (1 time)
2014 Preventive effects of probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum and dietary fiber in chemically-induced mammary carcinogenesis.
83  preceded
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
HEP (1 time)
PDV (1 time)
1988 Subclinical ammonia toxicity in steers: effects on blood metabolite and regulatory hormone concentrations.
84  prelimbic cortex
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CON (2 times)
SEP (2 times)
1987 Lesions in the septo-hippocampal system or prelimbic cortex of rats do not alter the performance of a T-maze visual discrimination task but disrupt the performance of a T-maze alternation task.
85  prematurely
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CON (2 times)
CLD (1 time)
EIB (1 time)
2003 Head size and motor performance in children born prematurely.
86  pre‑treatment group
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ADO (1 time)
ADOA1R (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
2008 The effect of adenosine A1 receptor antagonism on return of spontaneous circulation and short-term survival in prolonged ventricular fibrillation.
87  primary echo
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
STE (2 times)
BOLD (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
2007 Transient signal changes in diffusion-weighted stimulated echoes during neuronal stimulation at 3T.
88  prior to testing
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
AW (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1991 Biochemical changes in skeletal muscles of denning bears (Ursus americanus).
89  procedure
(2 times)
Anesthesia
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2004 Comparison of open commissurotomy and balloon valvuloplasty in mitral stenosis. A five-year follow-up.
90  progesterone
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
ARE (1 time)
bp (1 time)
1988 Many transcription factors interact synergistically with steroid receptors.
91  pseudorandom encoding
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
SLM (1 time)
2000 High-diffraction-efficiency pseudorandom encoding.
92  Puerariae radix extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CREB (1 time)
2009 Effects of Puerariae radix extract on the increasing intestinal permeability in rat with alcohol-induced liver injury.
93  Pumilio recognition element
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
MREs (1 time)
2013 MREdictor: a two-step dynamic interaction model that accounts for mRNA accessibility and Pumilio binding accurately predicts microRNA targets.
94  anterio-posterior detrended fluctuation analysis alpha exponent
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 The effect of prolonged level and uphill walking on the postural control of older adults.
95  caries-preventive effects of preeruption
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
POST (1 time)
2003 Relative effects of pre- and posteruption water fluoride on caries experience of permanent first molars.
96  CHO-P before
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CHO-P (1 time)
CK (1 time)
DOMS (1 time)
2010 Effect of milk-based carbohydrate-protein supplement timing on the attenuation of exercise-induced muscle damage.
97  dorsi-plantarflexion
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Effects of gastrocnemius fascia lengthening on gait pattern in children with cerebral palsy using the gait profile score.
98  electro-physiological activity during the course of planning
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
EXE (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of the brain network organization from EEG signals: a preliminary evidence in stroke patient.
99  P recovery efficiency
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Rational Phosphorus Application Facilitates the Sustainability of the Wheat/Maize/Soybean Relay Strip Intercropping System.
100  P. fulgens roots
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
EC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2015 Induction of Apoptosis and Reduction of Endogenous Glutathione Level by the Ethyl-Acetate Soluble Fraction of the Methanol Extract of the Roots of Potentilla fulgens in Cancer Cells.