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Abbreviation: PRL
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Long forms: 163

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
prolactin
(8614 times)
Endocrinology
(2815 times)
GH (1517 times)
LH (1011 times)
FSH (697 times)
1972 Ultrastructural changes accompanying the stimulatory effect of N6-monobutyryl adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate on the release of growth hormone(GH), prolactin (PRL) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in rat anterior pituitary gland in vitro.
preferred retinal locus
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(56 times)
AMD (16 times)
SLO (13 times)
BCEA (4 times)
1987 Reading with a macular scotoma. II. Retinal locus for scanning text.
phosphatase of regenerating liver
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
PTPs (5 times)
PTP (3 times)
siRNA (3 times)
2004 Phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 promotes motility and metastasis of mouse melanoma cells.
plasma levels of prolactin
(41 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
GH (9 times)
LH (9 times)
ACTH (3 times)
1975 Prolactin release induced by electrical stimulation of the hypothalamic preoptic area in unanesthetized sheep.
Primary renal lymphoma
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CT (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
NHL (2 times)
1997 Malignant lymphoma of the kidney.
prolactin levels
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
TRH (4 times)
GH (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
1979 Maternal serum prolactin and its response to TRH in normal and complicated early pregnancy.
phakic refractive lens
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
BSCVA (3 times)
ICL (3 times)
pIOL (3 times)
2002 Phakic refractive lens experience in Spain.
photoreceptor layer
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
ONL (8 times)
RPE (8 times)
SD-OCT (8 times)
1994 The influences of age, retinal topography, and gender on retinal degeneration in the Fischer 344 rat.
photoreactivating light
(14 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
UV (6 times)
UVR (4 times)
BrdUrd (2 times)
1984 Inhibition of semiconservative DNA synthesis in ICR 2A frog cells by pyrimidine dimers and nondimer photoproducts induced by ultraviolet radiation.
10  anti-prolactin
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
IgG (4 times)
ACTH (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1986 Antiidiotypic antibodies raised against anti-prolactin (PRL) antibodies recognize the PRL receptor.
11  probabilistic reversal learning
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ACI (2 times)
SZ (2 times)
5-HTT (1 time)
2012 Establishing a probabilistic reversal learning test in mice: evidence for the processes mediating reward-stay and punishment-shift behaviour and for their modulation by serotonin.
12  prolactinomas
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
GH (3 times)
ACRO (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
1987 Evidence for an interference of selective face ventilation on hyperprolactinemia induced by hyperthermic treadmill running.
13  physiological role of prolactin
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
ED (2 times)
SIEDY (2 times)
HR (1 time)
1985 Studies on prolactin in human milk.
14  primary root length
(8 times)
Botany
(6 times)
QTL (4 times)
LRD (3 times)
BR (2 times)
2005 Quantitative trait loci controlling root growth and architecture in Arabidopsis thaliana confirmed by heterogeneous inbred family.
15  preferred retinal locus of fixation
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
AMD (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
FEMs (1 time)
1991 Saccade control without a fovea.
16  previously reported that prolactin
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PI3K (2 times)
DG (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
1991 Reduced calcium and inhibition of protein kinase C mimic the enhancement of ornithine decarboxylase activity of prolactin in Ambystoma tigrinum tissues.
17  probabilistic record linkage
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
ART (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2006 Mortality within 1 year after hip fracture surgical repair in the elderly according to postoperative period: a probabilistic record linkage study in Brazil.
18  perfused rat liver
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
APF (2 times)
E17G (2 times)
14C-ddI (1 time)
1991 Metabolism of 14C-2',3'-dideoxyinosine by the in situ perfused rat liver preparation.
19  possible role of prolactin
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ALDO (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
CUS (1 time)
1982 Hormonal control of sodium content in human milk.
20  prolactin concentration
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1986 Enhanced responses to pressor stimuli by intracerebroventricular infusions of angiotensin II in conscious rats.
21  propranolol
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AR (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
1998 Relationship between the skin permeation movement of propranolol and skin inflammatory reactions.
22  potential role of prolactin
(4 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
HPRL (1 time)
1982 [Blood prolactin during gestation in the rat on a normal or protein-deficient diet].
23  prolactin hormone
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
bGS (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
FT (2 times)
2006 Defining the role of prolactin as an invasion suppressor hormone in breast cancer cells.
24  PROLIFERA
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
GFP (1 time)
1995 Gene trap tagging of PROLIFERA, an essential MCM2-3-5-like gene in Arabidopsis.
25  protein of regenerating liver
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
betaGGT II (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
2001 Interaction of farnesylated PRL-2, a protein-tyrosine phosphatase, with the beta-subunit of geranylgeranyltransferase II.
26  palmar radiocarpal ligament
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
CTS (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1995 Ultrasonographic evaluation of the carpal tunnel syndrome in hemodialysis patients.
27  personal radiation load
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ARL (1 time)
EU (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
1992 Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation and UV doses received by patients during four-week climate therapy periods in the Canary Islands.
28  photoreceptor retinal layer
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
INL (2 times)
DR (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
1992 Sick photoreceptors attract activated microglia from the ganglion cell layer: a model to study the inflammatory cascades in rats with inherited retinal dystrophy.
29  plasma LH and prolactin
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GnRH (2 times)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
EB (1 time)
1975 Role of the blood-brain barrier in the anticholinergic differential effects on LH and prolactin release in proestrous rats.
30  principal lactogenic hormone, prolactin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
FGF (1 time)
2004 Hormone regulation of choline uptake and incorporation in mouse mammary gland explants.
31  private record linkage
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
SMC (1 time)
SOEMPI (1 time)
2013 Efficient Privacy-Aware Record Integration.
32  provincial reference laboratory
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
DRS (1 time)
DST (1 time)
HMCP (1 time)
1998 [Analysis on quality control of drug susceptibility testing in the surveillance of drug resistance in tuberculosis in Henan].
33  IR-prolactin
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
GC (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1989 Immunocytochemistry of four mixed pituitary adenomas and intrasellar gangliocytomas associated with different clinical syndromes: acromegaly, amenorrhea-galactorrhea, Cushing's disease and isolated tumoral syndrome.
34  non-prolactin
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
LIF (1 time)
1990 Different types of postoperative diabetes insipidus and the relation to basal and stimulated serum prolactin levels in patients with hypothalamo-hypophyseal tumorous lesions.
35  photo-roll lithography
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Photo-roll lithography (PRL) for continuous and scalable patterning with application in flexible electronics.
36  physiologically-regulated prolactin
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ME/INF (1 time)
VIP (1 time)
1992 Effects of reproductive status, ovariectomy, and photoperiod on vasoactive intestinal peptide in the female turkey hypothalamus.
37  pituitary levels of prolactin
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Photoperiodic control of puberty in the red-legged partridge (Alectoris graeca chukar).
38  Planned relaparotomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DCL (1 time)
2002 Circulating mediators and organ function in patients undergoing planned relaparotomy vs conventional surgical therapy in severe secondary peritonitis.
39  plasma retinol levels
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ARI (1 time)
1995 Plasma retinol level, vitamin A supplementation and acute respiratory infections in children of 1-5 years old in a developing country. Respiratory Diseases Working Group.
40  Posttranscriptional regulation of prolactin
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
VIP (1 time)
1992 Posttranscriptional regulation of prolactin (PRL) gene expression in PRL-deficient pituitary tumor cells.
41  procedure-related losses
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
DS (2 times)
NIPT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2014 A cost-effectiveness analysis comparing different strategies to implement noninvasive prenatal testing into a Down syndrome screening program.
42  proline-rich linker
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FAs (1 time)
SH3 (1 time)
2005 Mitotic phosphorylation rescues Abl from F-actin-mediated inhibition.
43  propanoyl-lysine
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
db (2 times)
HEL (2 times)
AICAR (1 time)
2014 Aerobic exercise increases tear secretion in type 2 diabetic mice.
44  puborectalis length
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ARA (2 times)
CD (1 time)
DPD (1 time)
2006 Cinedefecographic findings in patients with obstructed defecation sindrome. A study in 420 cases.
45  pulsatile LH, FSH, and prolactin
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EAA (1 time)
EOP (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
1991 Sex differences in acute luteinizing hormone responses to gonadectomy remain after progesterone antagonist and dopamine agonist treatment.
46  Ala-prolactin
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
oPRL (1 time)
2001 Large-scale preparation of recombinant ovine prolactin and determination of its in vitro and in vivo activity.
47  anti-PRL autoantibodies, serum prolactin
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
anti-PRL (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2001 Antiprolactin autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus: frequency and correlation with prolactinemia and disease activity.
48  b-poly(racemic-leucine)
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2012 Polymeric micelles based on poly(ethylene glycol) block poly(racemic amino acids) hybrid polypeptides: conformation-facilitated drug-loading behavior and potential application as effective anticancer drug carriers.
49  cell-prolactin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
IGF-II (1 time)
IGFs (1 time)
1998 Localization of insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA in human pituitary adenomas.
50  dl-propranolol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
PH (1 time)
1997 dl-propranolol negatively regulates the transcription of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-gene and thereby suppresses DNA synthesis in regenerating rat liver.
51  GH-PRL, six prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
GHS-R (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
1999 Expression of functional growth hormone secretagogue receptors in human pituitary adenomas: polymerase chain reaction, triple in-situ hybridization and cell culture studies.
52  growth-promoting role of endocrine prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
Tg (1 time)
2006 Local over-expression of prolactin in differentiating mouse mammary gland induces functional defects and benign lesions, but no carcinoma.
53  hypothalamic-pituitary-prolactin
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
FIGD (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
LRH (1 time)
1983 Familial idiopathic gonadotropin deficiency: a hypothalamic form of hypogonadism.
54  pancreatic remnant ligation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PJS (2 times)
2004 Pancreaticojejunostomy versus alternative treatment of the pancreatic stump after pancreaticoduodenectomy: a comparative analysis of early postoperative outcome.
55  paracetamol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CTA (1 time)
PHN (1 time)
1998 Spectrophotometric method for the determination of paracetamol and phenacetin.
56  paracrine/autocrine loop involving prolactin
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
PKB (1 time)
PRLR (1 time)
2003 The survival effect of prolactin on PC3 prostate cancer cells.
57  partial laryngectomy
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
SCID (1 time)
2017 Course of psychiatric comorbidity and utilization of mental health care after laryngeal cancer: a prospective cohort study.
58  partial resolved
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRL (1 time)
PL (1 time)
SL (1 time)
2010 Follow-up of probably benign lesions (BI-RADS 3 category) in breast MR imaging.
59  peak levels of adenohypophyseal hormones
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Con A (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
1998 The effect of LHRH and TRH on human interferon-gamma production in vivo and in vitro.
60  Penicillium roquefortii
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DIPE (1 time)
2003 Lipase-catalyzed methanolysis of triricinolein in organic solvent to produce 1,2(2,3)-diricinolein.
61  peptides release prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DMEM (1 time)
PHI (1 time)
1984 [A study on the prolactin releasing mechanism using an in vitro perfusion system with a cell column of cultured rat anterior pituitary cells].
62  peripheral 'preferred retinal locus
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2000 The importance of sustained attention for patients with maculopathies.
63  Peripheral levels of pituitary prolactin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Role of prolactin in the regulation of sensitivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary system to steroid feedback.
64  peripheral retinal locus
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2016 Perceptual learning leads to long lasting visual improvement in patients with central vision loss.
65  phakic refractive intraocular lens
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ALS (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2008 The stress on the anterior lens surface during human in vivo accommodation.
66  PHc released less prolactin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AZT (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1997 Effects of azido-3'-deoxy-thymidine on luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and prolactin release by the pituitary-hypothalamus complex.
67  photoperiod regulates prolactin
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
alphaMrhoT (1 time)
HAL (1 time)
MBH (1 time)
2009 Prolactin secretion after hypothalamic deafferentation in beef calves: response to haloperidol, alpha-methyl-rho-tyrosine, thyrotropin-releasing hormone and ovariectomy.
68  photoperiod results in depressed prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1989 An early pineal-induced suppression of pituitary prolactin mRNA levels in light-deprived male hamsters.
69  photoreceptor layer thickness
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IRL (1 time)
IS/OS (1 time)
SD-OCT (1 time)
2018 Demonstration of anatomical development of the human macula within the first 5years of life using handheld OCT.
70  photorepair light
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2002 Repair of cyclobutyl pyrimidine dimers in human skin: variability among normal humans in nucleotide excision and in photorepair.
71  Physical Review Letters
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
NEJM (1 time)
PNAS (1 time)
2010 Methods for measuring the citations and productivity of scientists across time and discipline.
72  physiologic regulator of prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DA (2 times)
2003 Functional expression of the dopamine-activated K(+) current in lactotrophs during the estrous cycle in female rats: correlation with prolactin secretory responses.
73  physiological regulator of pituitary prolactin
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
TH (1 time)
2007 Effect of local (intracerebral and intracerebroventricular) administration of tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitor on the neuroendocrine dopaminergic neurons and prolactin release.
74  piezoresistive linearity
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
GB (1 time)
GFs (1 time)
PRC (1 time)
2009 Piezoresistive sensitivity, linearity and resistance time drift of polysilicon nanofilms with different deposition temperatures.
75  pituitaries showed that only lactotroph
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Gal-3 (1 time)
2003 Differential expression of galectin-3 in pituitary tumors.
76  pituitary hormone secretion under basal
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acid B agonist, modifies hormonal secretion in pituitary cells from infantile female rats.
77  pivotal role in avian prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
nI (1 time)
TH (1 time)
2008 The dopaminergic system in the brain of the native Thai chicken, Gallus domesticus: localization and differential expression across the reproductive cycle.
78  placental lactogens and prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
SERCA2 (1 time)
2007 Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3-regulated sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2 expression by prolactin and glucocorticoids is involved in the adaptation of insulin secretory response during the peripartum period.
79  plasma levels of gonadotropins, prolactin
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
HPL (1 time)
1985 Chronic phospholipid liposomes administration and ovarian function.
80  plasma levels of radioimmunoassayable prolactin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
i.c (1 time)
LH (1 time)
SWD (1 time)
1983 Renal function and pituitary hormone release during cerebral osmostimulation and TRH in dogs.
81  Plasma LH, FSH, and prolactin
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
NMA (1 time)
1993 Differential gonadotropin responses to N-methyl-D,L-aspartate in intact and castrated male rats.
82  plasma LH, Prolactin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DMBA (1 time)
EB (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
2005 Long-term dysregulation of circadian and 17-beta estradiol-induced LH, prolactin and corticosterone secretion after dimethylbenz (a) anthracene administration in the Sprague-Dawley female rat.
83  plasma stress-related hormones including prolactin
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BEND (1 time)
COR (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2013 Natural killer cell cytotoxicity, cytokine and neuroendocrine responses to opioid receptor blockade during prolonged restraint in pigs.
84  plasmonic reflector layer
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Performance enhancements to absorbance-modulation optical lithography. I. Plasmonic reflector layers.
85  polarization relaxation loss
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
rGO (1 time)
2019 Reduced Graphene Oxide/Silicon Nitride Composite for Cooperative Electromagnetic Absorption in Wide Temperature Spectrum with Excellent Thermal Stability.
86  pool of recirculating T cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
RTE (1 time)
1998 Antigen activation rescues recent thymic emigrants from programmed cell death in the BB rat.
87  poor reversal learning
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
GRL (1 time)
SUD (1 time)
2013 Cocaine self-administration behavior in inbred mouse lines segregating different capacities for inhibitory control.
88  positive regulator for prolactin
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MAS (1 time)
2009 A PstI polymorphism at 3'UTR of goat POU1F1 gene and its effect on cashmere production.
89  possible relationships with prolactin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
BRC (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2007 Effect of aluminium on duodenal calcium transport in pregnant and lactating rats treated with bromocriptine.
90  possibly regulates prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NRG-1 (1 time)
2011 Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) is mainly expressed in rat pituitary gonadotroph cells and possibly regulates prolactin (PRL) secretion in a juxtacrine manner.
91  posterior chamber lens
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2005 [Monocentric two-year results after phakic posterior chamber lens (PRL) implantation in myopic patients].
92  posterior reference line
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Changes in pharyngeal (airway) morphology in Class III Turkish female patients after mandibular setback surgery.
93  posterior reversible leuko- encephalopathy
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2000 Reversible leukoencephalopathy associated with re-infusion of DMSO preserved stem cells.
94  potent long-lasting prolactin
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Reproductive toxicity of cabergoline in mice, rats, and rabbits.
95  potent releaser of prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
VIP (1 time)
1999 Effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide on plasma prolactin in passerines.
96  practical residue limit
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1986 Organochlorine pesticide residues in chicken fat: a survey.
97  practice reference level
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ARPANSA (1 time)
DRLs (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
2013 Australian diagnostic reference levels for multi detector computed tomography.
98  pre- and post-NAL
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EOP (1 time)
LH (1 time)
NAL (1 time)
1986 Endogenous opioid modulation of luteinizing hormone and prolactin secretion in postpartum ewes and cows.
99  pre-prolactin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
RLM-RACE (1 time)
2003 Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the equine and elk pituitary pre-prolactin cDNA.
100  prediction errors relative to laboratory
(1 time)
ADF (1 time)
CP (1 time)
NDF (1 time)
2017 Development and validation of near-infrared spectroscopy for the prediction of forage quality parameters in Lolium multiflorum.