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Abbreviation: PRN
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
pro re nata
(273 times)
Ophthalmology
(132 times)
BCVA (67 times)
AMD (40 times)
VA (28 times)
1975 A survey of the prescribing and administration of drugs in a long-term care institution for the elderly.
pertactin
(149 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(69 times)
FHA (98 times)
PT (84 times)
FIM (16 times)
1995 Effect of gender, race, and parental education on immunogenicity and reported reactogenicity of acellular and whole-cell pertussis vaccines.
plaque reduction neutralization
(55 times)
Communicable Diseases
(16 times)
EIA (9 times)
ELISA (6 times)
HI (6 times)
1975 Cross-reactions of normal bovine serums to foot-and-mouth disease virus in plaque-reduction neutralization and radial immunodiffusion.
paramedian reticular nucleus
(31 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
SAP (7 times)
DM (6 times)
VLM (6 times)
1971 The function of the paramedian reticular nucleus in the control of heart rate in the cat.
Practice Research Network
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
ACCP (4 times)
APA (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1996 Survey of ACCP members regarding health economics and outcomes assessment.
post-rotatory nystagmus
(22 times)
Brain
(8 times)
EVA (3 times)
OKAN (2 times)
VOR (2 times)
1980 Effect of off-vertical tilt and macular ablation on postrotatory nystagmus in the squirrel monkey.
pyrrolnitrin
(16 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
phz (7 times)
Plt (4 times)
QS (4 times)
2003 Polymorphisms within the prnD and pltC genes from pyrrolnitrin and pyoluteorin-producing Pseudomonas and Burkholderia spp.
pseudorandom noise
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CEEs (2 times)
MFAS (2 times)
FRC (1 time)
1986 Transducer action of isolated frog muscle spindle evoked by pseudorandom noise stimuli.
Project Research in Nursing
(8 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
ICU (3 times)
LOS (2 times)
MRB (2 times)
1998 [Nursing care in the home and in conventional hospitalization].
10  propranolol
(8 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
IHs (2 times)
LOD (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2002 The Pharmacokinetics of Single Dose vs Steady-State Doses of Propranolol in Cirrhotic Malay Patients.
11  anti-pertactin
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PT (6 times)
FHA (5 times)
DTPa (3 times)
2002 [Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a reduced antigen content diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis vaccine dTpa) in 10 to 11 years old children and in adults].
12  Pain Resource Nurse
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
QI (1 time)
1993 The pain resource nurse training program: a unique approach to pain management.
13  Perinatal Registry
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CCSs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Antibodies against Coxiella burnetii and pregnancy outcome during the 2007-2008 Q fever outbreaks in The Netherlands.
14  pro re nata regimen
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
BCVA (4 times)
CRT (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
2016 Outcomes when Switching from a pro re nata Regimen to a Treat and Extend Regimen Using Aflibercept in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
15  preoptic retinopetal nucleus
(4 times)
Brain
(3 times)
HRP (1 time)
SAC (1 time)
SFGS (1 time)
1984 Fiber connections and synaptic organization of the preoptic retinopetal nucleus in the filefish (Balistidae, Teleostei).
16  pronase
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
BAC (2 times)
Cel (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2017 Removal of Listeria monocytogenes dual-species biofilms using combined enzyme-benzalkonium chloride treatments.
17  papillary renal neoplasms
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
FPTC (1 time)
LN (1 time)
1996 Expression of laminin in renal-cell carcinomas, renal-cell carcinoma cell lines and xenografts in nude mice.
18  partial response to on-demand
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
IIEF (1 time)
PDE5 (1 time)
2014 Impact of low testosterone on response to treatment with tadalafil 5 mg once daily for erectile dysfunction.
19  parvocellular red nucleus
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AIN (1 time)
BIN (1 time)
DN (1 time)
1979 Cells of origin of the frontal projections to magnocellular and parvocellular red nucleus and superior colliculus in cynomolgus monkey. An HRP study.
20  percutaneous radiofrequency neurotomy
(2 times)
Pain
(1 time)
CGH (1 time)
PPR (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2006 Long term results from percutaneous radiofrequency neurotomy on posterior primary ramus in patients with chronic low back pain.
21  perireticular thalamic nucleus
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
TRN (2 times)
CB (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2002 The thalamic reticular and perireticular nuclei in developing rabbits: patterns of parvalbumin expression.
22  post-rotational nystagmus test
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of the post-rotational nystagmus test (PRN) in determining alcohol intoxication.
23  principalization
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
PRO (2 times)
REV (2 times)
TAO (2 times)
1989 DMI-measured defenses and HIV-related risk behaviors in i.v. compared to non-i.v. substance abusers.
24  pro-re nata, as needed
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
T&E (1 time)
1997 A chart audit reviewing the prescription and administration trends of analgesia and the documentation of pain, after surgery.
25  pseudo random number
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2007 Cancelable biometrics realization with multispace random projections.
26  pseudo-random noise code
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
GEO (2 times)
IGSO (2 times)
MGEX (2 times)
2017 A Real-Time Robust Method to Detect BeiDou GEO/IGSO Orbital Maneuvers.
27  psoralen
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CYP2B6 (1 time)
IPRN (1 time)
2013 Identification and characterization of psoralen and isopsoralen as potent CYP1A2 reversible and time-dependent inhibitors in human and rat preclinical studies.
28  IgG-anti-pertactin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FHA (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2008 Long-term immunogenicity of a single dose of acellular pertussis vaccine in paediatric health-care workers.
29  K-prorenoate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALDO (1 time)
DCB (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1995 Aldosterone (ALDO) increases transmembrane influx of Na+ in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells through increased synthesis of Na+ channels.
30  Packaging Recovery Note
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Tradable permits without legislative targets: a review of the potential for a permit scheme for sterilized clinical waste in the UK.
31  pain control, with opioids as needed
(1 time)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
RAL (1 time)
TAP (1 time)
2015 Perioperative effects of caudal and transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for children undergoing urologic robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.
32  pain exacerbations receive adequate initial doses of as needed
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
OME (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of Emergency Department Management of Opioid-Tolerant Cancer Patients With Acute Pain.
33  pain medications as required
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DS-DAT (1 time)
PAINAD (1 time)
2003 Development and psychometric evaluation of the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) scale.
34  pain related neurons
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CPN (1 time)
PEN (1 time)
PIN (1 time)
1993 [Effect of lithium applied iontophoretically on electrical activities of pain-related neurons in caudate-putamen nucleus of rat].
35  pain resource nurse program
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1995 Unscheduled readmissions for uncontrolled symptoms. A health care challenge for nurses.
36  pain scores, total as needed
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
THA (1 time)
TKA (1 time)
2012 Retrospective evaluation of inpatient celecoxib use after total hip and knee arthroplasty at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
37  pain was managed with an epidural infusion plus, as needed
(1 time)
Brachytherapy
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
PONV (1 time)
2017 Optimal perioperative anesthesia management for gynecologic interstitial brachytherapy.
38  pain was treated in hospitals with intramuscular opioid, whenever necessary
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MOH (1 time)
PM (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2010 Historical perspectives and trends in the management of pain for cancer patients in oman.
39  palliative resource nurse
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2007 Macmillan nurse facilitators: establishing a palliative resource nurse network in primary care.
40  pan-retinal-neuron
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2007 MEK mediates in vitro neural transdifferentiation of the adult newt retinal pigment epithelium cells: Is FGF2 an induction factor?
41  paracetamol taken when required
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2010 PACE--the first placebo controlled trial of paracetamol for acute low back pain: design of a randomised controlled trial.
42  partial remission
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2002 Safety and efficacy of subcutaneous Campath-1H for treating residual disease in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia responding to fludarabine.
43  parvocellular reticular nucleus
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2003 The neuronal circuit of augmenting effects on intrinsic laryngeal muscle activities induced by nasal air-jet stimulation in decerebrate cats.
44  patient misunderstanding of label instructions for as needed
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2013 Take-Wait-Stop: a patient-centered strategy for writing PRN medication instructions.
45  patients sometimes needed 'as required
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2017 Improving medicines management.
46  patients were evaluated monthly and treated as-needed
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
VA (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2015 Individualized Treatment of Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: What are Patients Gaining? Or Losing?
47  patients were followed until treatment was completed
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SMFA (1 time)
2016 Lost to follow-up: reasons and outcomes following tibial plateau fractures.
48  patients who hallucinated received significantly more as needed
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1994 Hallucinatory experiences of psychiatric patients in seclusion.
49  patients who received as-needed
(1 time)
CLV (1 time)
HTN (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2016 Comparison of Clevidipine Versus Sodium Nitroprusside for the Treatment of Postoperative Hypertension in Cardiac Surgery Patients.
50  patterns of requesting as-needed
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Requests for as-needed medications by asthmatic patients. Relationships to prescribed oral corticosteroid regimens and length of hospitalization.
51  Pediatric Research Network
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
2001 Complementary and alternative medicine use among children in the Washington, DC area.
52  per diem nurse
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
(1 time)
EMU (1 time)
IONM (1 time)
LTM (1 time)
2015 PartnerSHIPS: aligning your department with administration for smooth sailing.
53  per-rotational nystagmus
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
1993 Effect of changes in blood pressure on per-rotational nystagmus in guinea pigs with obliterated endolymphatic sac.
54  period in which treatment on an on-demand
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2012 [BRAVO and CRUISE: ranibizumab for the treatment of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion].
55  period, this canister contained albuterol; in the as-needed
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1996 The effect of inhaled albuterol in moderate to severe asthma.
56  Pharmacology Resource for Nurses
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
2000 Formative evaluation of a computer-assisted learning program in pharmacology for nursing students.
57  phase remained stable
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
nAMD (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Strategies of Treatment with Ranibizumab in Newly-Diagnosed Cases of Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
58  phoneme recognition in noise
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
ANL (1 time)
AR (1 time)
MOCB (1 time)
2005 Acceptable noise level, phoneme recognition in noise, and measures of auditory efferent activity.
59  Physicians Recovery Network
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 Prescribing for patients in recovery from addiction. Physicians Recovery Network (PRN).
60  Physicians Research Network
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
FTE (1 time)
1997 Electronic clinical trial protocol distribution via the World-Wide Web: a prototype for reducing costs and errors, improving accrual, and saving trees.
61  Pinnacle RMRL-NIL
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CRN (1 time)
NILs (1 time)
Pgt (1 time)
2018 Pyramiding rpg4- and Rpg1-Mediated Stem Rust Resistance in Barley Requires the Rrr1 Gene for Both to Function.
62  pirenoxine sodium
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CG-V (1 time)
CG-VV (1 time)
2016 Multifunctional properties of organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites based on chitosan derivatives and layered double hydroxides for ocular drug delivery.
63  PIRIN
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PLCPs (1 time)
PRN2 (1 time)
2014 PIRIN2 stabilizes cysteine protease XCP2 and increases susceptibility to the vascular pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum in Arabidopsis.
64  Plaque Neutralization
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HI (1 time)
1991 Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for measles antibody. A comparison with haemagglutination inhibition, immunofluorescence and plaque neutralization tests.
65  plaque reduction
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CDV (1 time)
2004 Protective levels of canine distemper virus antibody in an urban dog population using plaque reduction neutralization test.
66  polyradiculoneuropathy
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2004 Plasma exchange for polyradiculoneuropathy following kidney transplantation: a case report.
67  polyradiculonevritis
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2005 [Guillain-Barre syndrome secondary to cranial surgery: direct or fortuitous relationship?].
68  pontine reticular nucleus
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
GN (1 time)
2006 Cholinergic modulation of synaptic transmission and postsynaptic excitability in the rat gracilis dorsal column nucleus.
69  posterior fossa compared with conventional IV nurse-administered as-needed
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2012 The efficacy of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia after intracranial surgery of the posterior fossa: a prospective, randomized controlled trial.
70  posterior red nucleus
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Comparative study of the posterior red nucleus in baboons and gibbons.
71  Postrotatory vestibular nystagmus
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
NVCM (1 time)
2004 Ototoxicity of a new glycopeptide, norvancomycin with multiple intravenous administrations in guinea pigs.
72  practice settings in the United States
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2005 Challenges to evidence-based medicine: a comparison of patients and treatments in randomized controlled trials with patients and treatments in a practice research network.
73  praxis representation network
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2017 Planning Functional Grasps of Simple Tools Invokes the Hand-independent Praxis Representation Network: An fMRI Study.
74  Prayer and the Registered Nurse
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2016 Prayer and the Registered Nurse (PRN): nurses' reports of ease and dis-ease with patient-initiated prayer request.
75  pre-response negativity
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
DMC (1 time)
2010 On why not to rush older adults--relying on reactive cognitive control can effectively reduce errors at the expense of slowed responses.
76  prediction of noncompliance: as-needed
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Bayesian prediction of noncompliance: as-needed (PRN) medication usage patterns and the battery of asthma illness behavior.
77  predictors of nurses' intentions to administer as needed
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
IBM (1 time)
2017 Predictors of Nurses' Intentions to Administer As-Needed Opioid Analgesics for Pain Relief to Postoperative Orthopaedic Patients in the Acute Care Setting.
78  prednisolone
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
delta1-CA (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2010 Pharmacokinetics and delta1-cortienic acid excretion after intravenous administration of prednisolone and loteprednol etabonate in rats.
79  predominantly as needed
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EMR (1 time)
ETDRS (1 time)
F/TE (1 time)
2017 UK AMD/DR EMR REPORT IX: comparative effectiveness of predominantly as needed (PRN) ranibizumab versus continuous aflibercept in UK clinical practice.
80  prenatally reduced litters
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
PST (1 time)
1977 Differential effect of pre- and postnatal litter size reduction on body weight and development of stress response in the rat.
81  Preprints of the R-fMRI Network
(1 time)
R-fMRI (1 time)
2014 PRN: a preprint service for catalyzing R-fMRI and neuroscience related studies.
82  prescribed as an 'as required
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Learning safe practice by improving care: student-led intervention on oxygen prescribing in a respiratory ward.
83  prescribed medication and as-needed
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
2005 Long-term use of benzodiazepines in participants with comorbid anxiety and alcohol use disorders.
84  prescribed-as-needed
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1980 Noncompliance to prescribed-as-needed (PRN) medication use in asthma: usage patterns and patient characteristics.
85  prescribing of as needed
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2019 Evaluating the Impact of Auto-Calculation Settings on Opioid Prescribing at an Academic Medical Center.
86  prescribing of regular doses
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
RCP (1 time)
2016 Improvements in the prescribing of antipsychotics in dementia and psychogeriatric units in New Zealand.
87  prescribing, the administration of when required
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
RCP (1 time)
2016 Improvements in the prescribing of antipsychotics in dementia and psychogeriatric units in New Zealand.
88  prescriptions as needed
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Variations in Care Quality Outcomes of Dying People: Latent Class Analysis of an Adult National Register Population.
89  primary rat embryonic cortical neurons
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
OBP (1 time)
2005 Site-directed mutagenesis of large DNA palindromes: construction and in vitro characterization of herpes simplex virus type 1 mutants containing point mutations that eliminate the oriL or oriS initiation function.
90  primary reflux nephropathy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
RN (1 time)
1989 Incidence of reflux nephropathy (RN) in ESRD and effect of nephrectomy in RN on blood pressure and haematocrit following renal transplantation.
91  primary retinal neuron
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
GCL (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
INL (1 time)
2017 L-Satropane Prevents Retinal Neuron Damage by Attenuating Cell Apoptosis and Abeta Production via Activation of M1 Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor.
92  primary tumours without lymph node metastases
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
PRP (2 times)
LMD (1 time)
1986 Morphometry of breast cancer. I. Comparison of the primary tumours and the axillary lymph node metastases.
93  prn gene
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Bb (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2010 [Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of pertactin recombinants against Bordetella bronchiseptica challenge].
94  PRN group
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2017 Efficacy and safety of a fixed bimonthly ranibizumab treatment regimen in eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration: results from the RABIMO trial.
95  prnA-lacZ
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
phz (2 times)
AF (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2012 Stringent response mutants of Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23 exhibit enhanced antifungal activity against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in vitro.
96  Profile, ward incidents and levels of as required
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2006 Patients' feelings about ward nursing regimes and involvement in rule construction.
97  program for neurological restoration
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
2011 Efficacy and tolerance of a neurological restoration program in stroke patients.
98  project to enable carers to administer as required
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2003 Administration of as required subcutaneous medications by lay carers: developing a procedure and leaflet.
99  pronasion
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Ar (1 time)
NTP (1 time)
NTR (1 time)
1998 Changes in nasal tip projection and rotation after septorhinoplasty: a cephalometric analysis.
100  prone
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
RS (1 time)
1995 Effects of body position on the upper airway of patients with obstructive sleep apnea.