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Abbreviation: PRO
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
patient-reported outcome
(1617 times)
Neoplasms
(189 times)
HRQoL (124 times)
QOL (107 times)
PROMIS (68 times)
2002 The regulation of patient-reported outcome claims: need for a flexible standard.
propranolol
(150 times)
Pharmacology
(40 times)
ISO (22 times)
NE (13 times)
MET (9 times)
1978 The role of coronary adrenergic receptors in the response to nitroglycerine and the regulation of large and small vessel resistance.
protein
(107 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(26 times)
CHO (40 times)
PLA (9 times)
ALB (6 times)
1981 Modulation of protein levels in chromosomal dosage series of maize: the biochemical basis of aneuploid syndromes.
pressure retarded osmosis
(58 times)
Environmental Health
(40 times)
FO (18 times)
TFC (10 times)
PES (5 times)
2012 Relating reverse and forward solute diffusion to membrane fouling in osmotically driven membrane processes.
Peer Review Organization
(50 times)
Jurisprudence
(14 times)
HCFA (3 times)
DRGs (2 times)
HMO (2 times)
1983 Medicare programs; utilization and quality control peer reviews organization (PRO) area designations and definitions of eligible organizations--HCFA. Proposed rule.
propofol
(45 times)
Anesthesiology
(14 times)
DEX (10 times)
DES (4 times)
HR (4 times)
1994 Comparative effects of nitric oxide inhibition on the coronary vasomotor responses to etomidate, propofol, and thiopental in anesthetized dogs.
probiotic
(37 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
PLA (4 times)
PRE (4 times)
CON (3 times)
2002 Prevention of Salmonella enteritidis infection in commercial ducklings by oral chicken egg-derived antibody alone or in combination with probiotics.
protease
(37 times)
Virology
(8 times)
RT (12 times)
pol (4 times)
ALP (3 times)
1996 Comparative analysis of five highly conserved target sites within the HIV-1 RNA for their susceptibility to hammerhead ribozyme-mediated cleavage in vitro and in vivo.
progesterone
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
PRE (5 times)
FSH (4 times)
TS (4 times)
1979 Effect of cyproterone acetate, levonorgestrel and progesterone on adrenal glands and reproductive organs in the beagle bitch.
10  professional
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HS (4 times)
AMA (3 times)
CFG (2 times)
1999 Comparison of two American biophysics mosquito traps: the professional and a new counterflow geometry trap.
11  Protein Ontology
(19 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
GO (4 times)
OBO (4 times)
PPIs (3 times)
2007 Framework for a protein ontology.
12  proestrus
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
MET (6 times)
EST (3 times)
LHRH (2 times)
1989 Suppression of basal and GnRH-stimulated gonadotropin secretion rate in vitro by GnRH antagonist: differential effects on metestrous and proestrous pituitaries.
13  progressive resolution optimizer
(12 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
VMAT (7 times)
PO (5 times)
OAR (4 times)
2010 Volumetric modulated Arc therapy (VMAT) treatment planning for superficial tumors.
14  progression
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PR (3 times)
REG (3 times)
SD (3 times)
1989 Presurgery chemotherapy (CT) in locally advanced bladder carcinoma: a feasible and possibly effective approach.
15  preoptic recess organ
(8 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PVO (7 times)
NID (6 times)
MA (2 times)
1979 Influence of thyroid hormone on the development of peoptic-hypothalamic monoaminergic neurons in tadpoles of Bufo bufo japonicus.
16  propranolol hydrochloride
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
COU (2 times)
DCP (2 times)
HPMC (2 times)
2006 PLS and first derivative of ratio spectra methods for determination of hydrochlorothiazide and propranolol hydrochloride in tablets.
17  proanthocyanidins
(7 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CON (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
2013 Cardioprotective effect of grape-seed proanthocyanidins on doxorubicin-induced cardiac toxicity in rats.
18  PROCERA
(7 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ABA (3 times)
CK (1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
2011 Negative reciprocal interactions between gibberellin and cytokinin in tomato.
19  propazine
(7 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
SIM (6 times)
ATR (5 times)
ATZ (2 times)
1995 Liquid chromatographic determination of simazine, atrazine, and propazine residues in catfish.
20  propionate
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ACE (1 time)
AH (1 time)
BUT (1 time)
1992 The detection of lipase activity in bacteria using novel chromogenic substrates.
21  predicted response-outcome
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ACC (3 times)
mPFC (3 times)
DLPFC (1 time)
2012 The processing of unexpected positive response outcomes in the mediofrontal cortex.
22  Prenatal Risk Overview
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
SCID (2 times)
BRO (1 time)
2008 Systematic prenatal screening for psychosocial risks.
23  procaine
(5 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
LID (2 times)
BEN (1 time)
BUP (1 time)
2004 Cross-reactivity among p-amino group compounds in sulfonamide fixed drug eruption: diagnostic value of patch testing.
24  Prochlorococcus
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Syn (4 times)
CRD (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
2008 [Distribution of picophytoplanktons in Qingdao offshore and its adjacent waters in winter].
25  proestrous
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
EST (2 times)
FRAs (1 time)
HFA (1 time)
1983 Evoked ventromedial hypothalamic activity: changes produced by drugs which modify female sexual behavior in the rat.
26  procaterol
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SAL (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AP-Ago (1 time)
1979 [Pharmacological properties of procaterol, a newly synthetized, specific beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulant. Part I. Effects on the CNS (author's transl)].
27  prochloraz
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
8-Br-cAMP (1 time)
AhR (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
2004 A comparison of human H295R and rat R2C cell lines as in vitro screening tools for effects on aromatase.
28  proflavine
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACR (2 times)
9AA-HCl (1 time)
AO (1 time)
1997 Liquid chromatographic determination of acriflavine and proflavine residues in channel catfish muscle.
29  protective
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
CERAD (2 times)
KA (2 times)
2018 Deficit Schizophrenia Is Characterized by Defects in IgM-Mediated Responses to Tryptophan Catabolites (TRYCATs): a Paradigm Shift Towards Defects in Natural Self-Regulatory Immune Responses Coupled with Mucosa-Derived TRYCAT Pathway Activation.
30  high-protein
(3 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CHO (2 times)
BHNRC (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2006 The impact of the covert manipulation of macronutrient intake on energy intake and the variability in daily food intake in nonobese men.
31  probiotic group
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CON (1 time)
L. johnsonii (1 time)
NC (1 time)
2013 Effects of dietary supplementation of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CECT 5940 and Enterococcus faecium CECT 4515 in adult healthy dogs.
32  Probiotics
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
PP (3 times)
SYN (3 times)
PBMC (2 times)
2004 Prebiotic inulin enriched with oligofructose in combination with the probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium lactis modulates intestinal immune functions in rats.
33  probucol
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
CIL (1 time)
2010 Transglycosylated stevia and hesperidin as pharmaceutical excipients: dramatic improvement in drug dissolution and bioavailability.
34  professional levels
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AT (1 time)
BEG (1 time)
COL (1 time)
2014 Horse-rider interaction in dressage riding.
35  proficiency
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
RT (3 times)
OFS (2 times)
OT (2 times)
2015 A self-paced oral feeding system that enhances preterm infants' oral feeding skills.
36  progressive disease
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
PR (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
1989 Mitomycin C treatment of advanced, hormone-resistant prostatic carcinoma: a phase II study.
37  prolonged response
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CD (3 times)
CR (3 times)
PR (3 times)
2006 Infliximab dependency in a national cohort of children with Crohn's disease.
38  Proneness Scale
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ACK (3 times)
MAC-R (2 times)
MMPI-A (1 time)
1994 Development of MMPI-A alcohol/drug problem scales.
39  prosubiculum
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
ENT (2 times)
PARA (2 times)
1995 Neurons, intracellular and extracellular neurofibrillary tangles in subdivisions of the hippocampal cortex in normal ageing and Alzheimer's disease.
40  protein group
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
CON (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FBFM (1 time)
2018 Effects of Insect Protein Supplementation during Resistance Training on Changes in Muscle Mass and Strength in Young Men.
41  protein supplement
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
PLA (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2015 Protein Ingestion before Sleep Increases Muscle Mass and Strength Gains during Prolonged Resistance-Type Exercise Training in Healthy Young Men.
42  protein supplementation
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ADT (1 time)
ASM (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
1992 The effect of protein supplementation on lactate accumulation during submaximal and maximal exercise.
43  protraction
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AT (3 times)
IR (3 times)
ST (3 times)
2013 How to assess scapular dyskinesis precisely: 3-dimensional wing computer tomography--a new diagnostic modality.
44  DL-propranolol
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ISO (2 times)
i.p (1 time)
SLI (1 time)
1993 Modulation by isoproterenol and propranolol of somatostatin receptors in synaptosomes from rat frontoparietal cortex.
45  Participant-reported outcome
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
AQoL (1 time)
ESs (1 time)
FDM (1 time)
2013 Population norms for the AQoL derived from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing.
46  patient-reported
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
RT (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
Dmax (1 time)
2017 Development of the pediatric daily ulcerative colitis signs and symptoms scale (DUCS): qualitative research findings.
47  pelvic rotation
(2 times)
Exercise
(2 times)
PPO (2 times)
PSA (2 times)
PTO (2 times)
2013 The influence of pelvic adjustment on the posture of female university students.
48  posterior rotational osteotomy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ARO (1 time)
HHS (1 time)
ON (1 time)
2013 Radiological outcome analyses of transtrochanteric posterior rotational osteotomy for osteonecrosis of the femoral head at a mean follow-up of 11years.
49  power generation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MD (2 times)
OHE (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
2014 Hybrid pressure retarded osmosis-membrane distillation system for power generation from low-grade heat: thermodynamic analysis and energy efficiency.
50  Prevention and Research in Oncology
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
DRE (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2017 Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards prostate cancer screening amongst men living in the southern Italian peninsula: the Prevention and Research in Oncology (PRO) non-profit Foundation experience.
51  probiotic mixture
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AGP (1 time)
Bif (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
2008 Effect of prebiotic supplementation on a probiotic bacteria mixture: comparison between a rat model and clinical trials.
52  proceptivity
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EB (1 time)
1997 Abnormal estrous cyclicity and behavioral hyporesponsiveness to ovarian hormones in genetically obese Zucker female rats.
53  procysteine
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
ABS (1 time)
MuRF1 (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2000 Mitochondrial glutathione replacement restores surfactant synthesis and secretion in alveolar epithelial cells of ethanol-fed rats.
54  proglumide
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
MOR (1 time)
OM (1 time)
1991 Effect of omeprazole-induced hypergastrinaemia on the proliferation of colonic mucosal epithelial cells in the rat.
55  progoitrin
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
GBS (2 times)
GNA (2 times)
4HGBS (1 time)
2005 Quantification of glucosinolates in leaves of leaf rape (Brassica napus ssp. pabularia) by near-infrared spectroscopy.
56  program for the rehabilitation of osteoporotic patients
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 1993 Evaluation of a program for rehabilitation of osteoporotic patients (PRO): 4-year follow-up. The Bone and Mineral Group of the University of Toronto.
57  projection
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
PRN (2 times)
REV (2 times)
TAO (2 times)
1989 DMI-measured defenses and HIV-related risk behaviors in i.v. compared to non-i.v. substance abusers.
58  prolactin
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EPO (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
1992 Influence of long-term erythropoietin therapy on endocrine abnormalities in haemodialyzed patients.
59  promastigotes
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
LPA (1 time)
OPM (1 time)
1999 Cell surface composition of promastigote and opisthomorph forms of Herpetomonas roitmani (Kinetoplastida : Trypanosomatidae).
60  pronated
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NEU (2 times)
CMEP (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2013 Effect of hand position on EMG activity of the posterior shoulder musculature during a horizontal abduction exercise.
61  propacetamol hydrochloride
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PA (2 times)
2000 Simultaneous determination of propacetamol and paracetamol by derivative spectrophotometry.
62  Propex II
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
RZX (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
2015 Efficacy of Electronic Foramen Locators in Controlling Root Canal Working Length during Rotary Instrumentation.
63  prostratin
(2 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
NK (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
BRY (1 time)
2018 In Vitro Exposure to Prostratin but Not Bryostatin-1 Improves Natural Killer Cell Functions Including Killing of CD4+ T Cells Harboring Reactivated Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
64  protective clothing
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2008 Immune function during and after 60 min of moderate exercise wearing protective clothing.
65  protein matrix
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LTM (2 times)
CON (1 time)
KE (1 time)
2016 Protein Supplementation at Breakfast and Lunch for 24 Weeks beyond Habitual Intakes Increases Whole-Body Lean Tissue Mass in Healthy Older Adults.
66  protein plus carbohydrate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CHO (2 times)
GLP-1 (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2001 A glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist and an antagonist modify macronutrient selection by rats.
67  proteinuria
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2020 The value of urine biochemical parameters in the prediction of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019.
68  protocatechuic aldehyde
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DSS (1 time)
DSU (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2007 Hydrolytic kinetics of lithospermic acid B extracted from roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza.
69  protriptyline
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
AMI (2 times)
DOX (2 times)
IMI (2 times)
1983 Liquid chromatographic separation of antidepressant drugs: I. Tricyclics.
70  6-propanoyl-2-(N,N-dimethylamino)naphthalene
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CB7 (1 time)
2016 Supramolecular guest relay using host-protein nanocavities: an application of host-induced guest protonation.
71  carbohydrate-protein
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
MyHC I (1 time)
2016 Fiber Type-Specific Satellite Cell Content in Cyclists Following Heavy Training with Carbohydrate and Carbohydrate-Protein Supplementation.
72  effect-propionic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DHA (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2017 Evidence of a DHA Signature in the Lipidome and Metabolome of Human Hepatocytes.
73  high-protein diet
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CON (1 time)
FFAT (1 time)
2016 Effects of different diets on intestinal microbiota and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease development.
74  high-protein preload
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
PROCAL (1 time)
2015 Calcium ingestion suppresses appetite and produces acute overcompensation of energy intake independent of protein in healthy adults.
75  higher-protein (2.4 g kg(-1) d(-1)) diet
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
LBM (1 time)
2016 Higher compared with lower dietary protein during an energy deficit combined with intense exercise promotes greater lean mass gain and fat mass loss: a randomized trial.
76  intact-protein
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ISS (1 time)
PEP (1 time)
1990 Visceral protein levels in trauma patients are greater with peptide diet than with intact protein diet.
77  intact-protein based formula
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
PEP (1 time)
TPN (1 time)
1991 Total parenteral nutrition increases mortality after hemorrhage.
78  P recovery operating
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
SBR (1 time)
SNDPR (1 time)
2016 Advanced phosphorus recovery using a novel SBR system with granular sludge in simultaneous nitrification, denitrification and phosphorus removal process.
79  P. roberti
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PGG (1 time)
PGO (1 time)
2019 Identification of two independent X-autosome translocations in closely related mammalian (Proechimys) species.
80  p.o. or s.c
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ISO (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
1979 [Pharmacological properties of procaterol, a newly synthesized, specific beta 2-adrenoceptor stimulant. Part II. Effects on the peripheral organs (author's transl)].
81  palliative radiation oncology
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PRTs (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2019 Evolution of the Radiation Therapist Role in a Multidisciplinary Palliative Radiation Oncology Clinic.
82  Paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CHC (1 time)
DAAs (1 time)
ESRF (1 time)
2020 Rapid virologic response in chronic hepatitis C genotype 1: Evaluation of pretreatment factors in patients.
83  partially randomly oriented
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
hdNMR (1 time)
2017 Hybrid NMR: A Union of Solution- and Solid-State NMR.
84  Participant Recruitment Outcomes
(1 time)
Clinical Trials as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2018 The Participant Recruitment Outcomes (PRO) study: Exploring contemporary perspectives of telehealth trial non-participation through insights from patients, clinicians, study investigators, and study staff.
85  patient reporting
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MLT (2 times)
2019 Predicting Disease-Free Lung Cancer Survival Using Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) Measurements with Comparisons of Five Machine Learning Techniques (MLT).
86  patient-centered outcome
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
PROs (1 time)
QoC (1 time)
2020 Assessment of patient-centered outcomes (PROs) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): a multicenter survey preceding a cross-disciplinary (functional) consensus.
87  Patient-Reported Outcomes and Outcomes
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
SAGA (1 time)
2020 [Concepts and assessment methods in lower urinary tract symptoms: From symptom score to Patient-Reported Outcomes and Outcomes (PRO)].
88  Patient-reported outcomes measurement instruments
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2019 Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Linguistic Validation of the FACE-Q Questionnaire for Brazilian Portuguese.
89  patient-reported outcomes on quality
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Need for better analgesic treatment after tonsillectomy in ear, nose and throat practices.
90  patient-reported toxicity outcomes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2020 UK national cohort of anal cancer treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy: One-year oncological and patient-reported outcomes.
91  patients' self-reported outcome
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
PRR (1 time)
PRs (1 time)
2019 Meta-analysis of pain and function placebo responses in pharmacological osteoarthritis trials.
92  pattern recognition option
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DSI (1 time)
2009 A comparison of three software platforms for automated ECG analysis.
93  pattern recognition software
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ALG (1 time)
SA (1 time)
TQT (1 time)
2013 Pattern recognition analysis of digital ECGs: decreased QT measurement error and improved precision compared to semi-automated methods.
94  PC and SEV groups respectively -14% and -16% vs -30
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IPC (1 time)
POD (1 time)
2019 Effect of pharmacological preconditioning with sevoflurane during hepatectomy with intermittent portal triad clamping.
95  pediatric research in otolaryngology
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
2014 Management of complicated airway foreign body aspiration using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).
96  Perceptual measures were confirmed by increases in CK
(1 time)
--- 2016 Probiotic Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 reduces exercise-induced muscle damage and increases recovery.
97  performed a basic clinics history and the oral challenge tests
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
MP (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1996 [Prevalence of chronic urticaria following the ingestion of food additives in a third tier hospital].
98  permanent/final restraining order
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
CPO (1 time)
2015 She said, he said, judge said: analyzing judicial decision making in civil protection order hearings.
99  person-reported outcome
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PROMIS (1 time)
PROMIS EC (1 time)
2020 Pragmatic Health Assessment in Early Childhood: The PROMIS of Developmentally Based Measurement for Pediatric Psychology.
100  physiological responses of professional
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
BG (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2020 A Comparison of the Physiological Responses in Professional and Amateur Sports Car Racing Drivers.