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Abbreviation: PRR
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Long forms: 163

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
pattern recognition receptor
(530 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(181 times)
PAMPs (52 times)
TLR (52 times)
TLRs (45 times)
1999 Mechanisms and applications of immune stimulatory CpG oligodeoxynucleotides.
proportional reporting ratio
(114 times)
Drug Therapy
(44 times)
ROR (33 times)
ADRs (21 times)
IC (16 times)
2001 Use of proportional reporting ratios (PRRs) for signal generation from spontaneous adverse drug reaction reports.
prevalence rate ratio
(103 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
CI (34 times)
BMI (8 times)
HR-HPV (3 times)
1988 Correlates of screening mammography in a family practice setting.
postreplication repair
(95 times)
Molecular Biology
(38 times)
HR (17 times)
TLS (17 times)
NER (12 times)
1978 Effects of chloramphenicol on the postreplication repair and sister recombinational DNA exchanges in ultraviolet-irradiated Micrococcus luteus.
proline-rich region
(73 times)
Biochemistry
(28 times)
Env (6 times)
SH3 (6 times)
HTT (5 times)
1998 Characterization of the proline-rich region of murine leukemia virus envelope protein.
parietal reach region
(52 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
LIP (10 times)
PPC (10 times)
LFP (5 times)
1998 Change in motor plan, without a change in the spatial locus of attention, modulates activity in posterior parietal cortex.
prorenin receptor
(49 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
RAS (12 times)
ACE (9 times)
UB (6 times)
2010 Requirement of prorenin receptor and vacuolar H+-ATPase-mediated acidification for Wnt signaling.
Phytophthora root rot
(27 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
P. sojae (3 times)
NBS-LRR (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
1997 Effect of Fertilizers and Rates of Application on Incidence of Soybean Diseases in Northern Alabama.
PSEUDO-RESPONSE REGULATOR
(23 times)
Botany
(10 times)
CCA1 (4 times)
CO (4 times)
TOC1 (4 times)
2003 Response regulator homologues have complementary, light-dependent functions in the Arabidopsis circadian clock.
10  pulse repetition rate
(18 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
IC (3 times)
OR-PAM (2 times)
AO (1 time)
1991 Selectivity, efficiency, and surface characteristics of hard dental tissues ablated with ArF pulsed excimer lasers.
11  post-repolarization refractoriness
(14 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
ERP (7 times)
AF (4 times)
APD (4 times)
1991 Cellular mechanisms of delayed recovery of excitability in ventricular tissue.
12  proton relaxation rate
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
epsilon b (1 time)
F-P-enolpyruvate (1 time)
P-enolpyruvate carboxykinase (1 time)
1975 Role of metal ions in Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase. A study of the metal-water interaction by nuclear relaxation rate measurements on water protons.
13  plasma refilling rate
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HD (4 times)
UFR (4 times)
I-HDF (2 times)
1995 Determination of fluid shifts during chronic hemodialysis using bioimpedance spectroscopy and an in-line hematocrit monitor.
14  proximal regulatory region
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DRR (4 times)
bp (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1992 A novel myoblast enhancer element mediates MyoD transcription.
15  parasite reduction ratio
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACPR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2011 Therapeutic efficacy of chloroquine for treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria cases in Halaba district, South Ethiopia.
16  pooled relative risk
(7 times)
Urology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EEA (1 time)
2002 Epidemiologic evidence of cancer risk in textile industry workers: a review and update.
17  Preventive resin restorations
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
FS (1 time)
nZnO (1 time)
1986 [Resin fillings in the molar through the back door? Preventive resin restorations (PRR)].
18  partial response rate
(6 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CRR (4 times)
CENTRAL (3 times)
PFS (3 times)
2011 [Gefitinib for non-small cell lung cancer: a meta analysis].
19  Phytophthora root and stem rot
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CIGs (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2013 Molecular mapping of two genes conferring resistance to Phytophthora sojae in a soybean landrace PI 567139B.
20  Plasma renin reactivity
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PRA (3 times)
PGA (1 time)
PRC (1 time)
1976 Modification of renin reactivity by lipids extracted from normal, hypertensive, and uremic plasma.
21  Paeoniae Radix Rubra
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
TCM (2 times)
ADD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2013 [Metabolite profiling of propyl gallate in rat plasma and urine by HPLC-DAD-ESI-IT-TOF-MS(n) technique].
22  proline-rich repeat
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MDV (1 time)
MDV-1 (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1996 The tandem repeat domain in the Listeria monocytogenes ActA protein controls the rate of actin-based motility, the percentage of moving bacteria, and the localization of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein and profilin.
23  pulmonary reimplantation response
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
EC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1991 Glutathione decreases the pulmonary reimplantation response in canine lung autotransplants.
24  poliovirus receptor-related
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
BM (1 time)
PVR (1 time)
2001 Nectin4/PRR4, a new afadin-associated member of the nectin family that trans-interacts with nectin1/PRR1 through V domain interaction.
25  postreconstruction registration
(4 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
MCIR (3 times)
PET (3 times)
CNR (1 time)
2011 Improved motion-compensated image reconstruction for PET using sensitivity correction per respiratory gate and an approximate tube-of-response backprojector.
26  percutaneous radiofrequency rhizotomy
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
TN (3 times)
GKS (2 times)
MVD (2 times)
2010 Gamma Knife surgery for recurrent or residual trigeminal neuralgia after a failed initial procedure.
27  phosphorus release rate
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DPAOs (2 times)
PAOs (2 times)
AOB (1 time)
2018 Nitrification, denitrification, and dephosphatation capability of activated sludge during co-treatment of intermediate-age landfill leachates with municipal wastewater.
28  physiological root resorption
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ARCL (1 time)
DP (1 time)
EAL (1 time)
2013 Root canal length determination by different methods in primary teeth: an in vivo study.
29  placebo response rate
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IBS (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OAB (1 time)
2017 Systematic review: The placebo effect of psychological interventions in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome.
30  polyp retrieval rate
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ADR (2 times)
CIR (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
1989 Effect of stress on maternal behaviour.
31  positive regulatory region
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
BAT (1 time)
NST (1 time)
UCP1 (1 time)
2003 Regulation of BRCA1 transcription by specific single-stranded DNA binding factors.
32  Pro-rich region
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ABM (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1998 The H4P heavy chain of inter-alpha-inhibitor family largely differs in the structure and synthesis of its prolin-rich region from rat to human.
33  pure rotational Raman
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
--- 2014 Atmospheric temperature measurements at altitudes of 5-30  km with a double-grating-based pure rotational Raman lidar.
34  pain relief rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1992 [Pain-relief effect of tramadol HCL capsule for moderate and severe cancer pain].
35  people from the Americas
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
2017 [Overweight and obesity among adult immigrant populations resident in Italy].
36  perinatal research repository
(2 times)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
NICU (1 time)
2015 Representativeness of enrollment into a perinatal research repository.
37  Permatang Rawa
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
PR (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
CTKR (1 time)
2010 Morphological deformities in Chironomus spp. (Diptera: Chironomidae) larvae as a tool for impact assessment of anthropogenic and environmental stresses on three rivers in the Juru river system, Penang, Malaysia.
38  photorepair radiation
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
UVR (1 time)
2006 Sublethal exposure to UV radiation affects respiration rates of the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia catawba.
39  platelet retention rate
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
BSS (1 time)
BT (1 time)
RIPA (1 time)
1992 [Platelet adhesion and adhesive proteins--how to measure the platelet adhesiveness].
40  poliovirus receptor-related protein
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AJs (1 time)
PARs (1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
1999 Nectin/PRR: an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule recruited to cadherin-based adherens junctions through interaction with Afadin, a PDZ domain-containing protein.
41  pooled risk ratio
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
ACTs (1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
2012 Meta-analysis of hepatitis C seroconversion in relation to shared syringes and drug preparation equipment.
42  populist radical right
(2 times)
Sociology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Causes and consequences of the rise of populist radical right parties and movements in Europe.
43  potential reproductive rate
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
OSR (2 times)
1996 The dynamics of operational sex ratios and competition for mates.
44  prescription reduction ratio
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
OADs (1 time)
2016 Prescription Factors Associated with Medication Non-adherence in Japan Assessed from Leftover Drugs in the SETSUYAKU-BAG Campaign: Focus on Oral Antidiabetic Drugs.
45  processed RR
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
APRR (1 time)
2018 Simultaneous Analysis of Saccharides between Fresh and Processed Radix Rehmanniae by HPLC and UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS with Multivariate Statistical Analysis.
46  proliferative radiation retinopathy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
NPRR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1996 Proliferative radiation retinopathy.
47  promoter recognition region
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DSRs (1 time)
ITCs (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2002 Promoter clearance and escape in prokaryotes.
48  propofol/remifentanil/Ringer solution
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DEX (2 times)
PCA (1 time)
2016 Comparison of the morphine-sparing effect of intraoperative dexmedetomidine with and without loading dose following general anesthesia in multiple-fracture patients: A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial.
49  proportion of external root resorption
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
EARR (1 time)
ERR (1 time)
2010 Study of external root resorption during orthodontic treatment in root filled teeth compared with their contralateral teeth with vital pulps.
50  proton relaxation rate of water
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
1975 Magnetic resonance studies of specificity in binding and catalysis of phosphotransferases.
51  pseudo-reference region
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
RRMS (2 times)
SUVR (2 times)
TSPO (2 times)
2017 TSPO imaging using the novel PET ligand [18F]GE-180: quantification approaches in patients with multiple sclerosis.
52  Pseudo-Response Regulators
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
GA (1 time)
GCA (1 time)
2010 PRR5 regulates phosphorylation, nuclear import and subnuclear localization of TOC1 in the Arabidopsis circadian clock.
53  P reduction rate
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
HDF (1 time)
MHD (1 time)
2006 Impact of convective flow on phosphorus removal in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
54  Packed Recycling Reactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASBC (1 time)
2009 Biological sulfide removal under alkaline and aerobic conditions in a packed recycling reactor.
55  packet received ratio
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
UWSNs (1 time)
2018 Retransmission Avoidance for Reliable Data Delivery in Underwater WSNs.
56  Packet Reception Rate
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
KLSVM (1 time)
LSVM (1 time)
WSN (1 time)
2018 Exploiting Linear Support Vector Machine for Correlation-Based High Dimensional Data Classification in Wireless Sensor Networks.
57  packet reception ratio
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
LQI (1 time)
RSSI (1 time)
2016 Link Investigation of IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor Networks in Forests.
58  Partial R-R interval Resampling
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FECG (1 time)
LP (1 time)
mECG (1 time)
2014 Invariant heart beat span versus variant heart beat intervals and its application to fetal ECG extraction.
59  partial rectosigmoid resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AOC (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
TRR (1 time)
2016 Total rectosigmoidectomy versus partial rectal resection in primary debulking surgery for advanced ovarian cancer.
60  partial remission rate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ASCO (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2019 Oxaliplatin-Based Regimen is Superior to Cisplatin-Based Regimen in Tumour Remission as First-line Chemotherapy for Advanced Gastric Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.
61  partially reconstituted RNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CGMMV (1 time)
TMV (1 time)
1975 Assembly of tobacco mosaic virus in vitro. Improved model for the elongation process by protein subunits.
62  partition-release-recover
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LEM (1 time)
2015 Platforms for energy and nutrient recovery from domestic wastewater: A review.
63  partners over lifetime
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2007 Rise in seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 among highly sexual active homosexual men and an increasing association between herpes simplex virus type 2 and HIV over time (1984-2003).
64  pathogen recognition receptors on host cells
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
2016 Insights from the analysis of predicted Rv0679c protein peptide from Mycobacterium tuberculosis with Toll like Receptors in host.
65  patient reaction rate
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
PRC (1 time)
TRR (1 time)
1987 Leukocyte depletion of red cell units at the bedside by transfusion through a new filter.
66  patient record review
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
PSIs (1 time)
2018 Potential value of patient record review to assess and improve patient safety in general practice: A systematic review.
67  patient-related restrictions
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
VAM (1 time)
2018 Surgical experience and patient-related restrictions predict the adequacy of cervical mediastinoscopy in non-small cell lung carcinoma lymph node staging.
68  pattern recognition receptor protein
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2018 Functional characterization of an apple (Malus x domestica) LysM domain receptor encoding gene for its role in defense response.
69  pattern recognition system
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
HL (1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
2013 Expression profiles of Toll-like receptors 1, 2 and 5 in selected organs of commercial and indigenous chickens.
70  pattern-recognition molecule
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Lectin complement protein Collectin 11 (CL-K1) and susceptibility to urinary schistosomiasis.
71  PDGF-BB-responsive region
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
PDGF-BB (1 time)
SMCs (1 time)
2013 Identification of a Klf4-dependent upstream repressor region mediating transcriptional regulation of the myocardin gene in human smooth muscle cells.
72  peak relaxation rate
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
LV (1 time)
LVH (1 time)
2010 Left ventricular contraction-relaxation coupling in normal, hypertrophic, and failing myocardium quantified by speckle-tracking global strain and strain rate imaging.
73  pediatric resuscitation room
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
PED (1 time)
2009 Epidemiology of admissions in a pediatric resuscitation room.
74  pedicle rotation ratio
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1987 [Radiographic estimation of vertebral rotation].
75  people who come from Sub-Saharan Africa
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2017 [Overweight and obesity among adult immigrant populations resident in Italy].
76  people who resided in Northern-Western
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
MCS (1 time)
2017 [Perceived discrimination at work for being an immigrant: a study on self-perceived mental health status among immigrants in Italy].
77  perceived readiness ratings
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2000 Relationship between perceived readiness to run and physiological variables during repeated 2000 m bouts in middle-distance runners.
78  perceived risk ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOR (1 time)
NPP (1 time)
2014 Perceived environmental and health risks of nuclear energy in Taiwan after Fukushima nuclear disaster.
79  percutaneous renal revascularization
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ARAS (1 time)
2018 Renal artery stenting for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis identified in patients with coronary artery disease: Does captopril renal scintigraphy predict outcomes?
80  perinatal risk rating
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DNA (1 time)
GSH (1 time)
INA (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of the infant at risk for neurodevelopmental disability.
81  period of risk for recurrence
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Collins' law. Prediction of recurrence or cure in childhood medulloblastoma?
82  peritoneal release rate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EIPL (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2018 Extensive intraperitoneal lavage to eliminate intraperitoneal tumor cells in gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer.
83  Permatang Rawa River
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMWP (1 time)
CTKR (1 time)
JR (1 time)
2011 Influence of agricultural, industrial, and anthropogenic stresses on the distribution and diversity of macroinvertebrates in Juru River Basin, Penang, Malaysia.
84  peroxide reduction
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ORR (1 time)
2013 The impact of spectator species on the interaction of H2O2 with platinum--implications for the oxygen reduction reaction pathways.
85  peroxide reduction reactions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Exploring Fe-Nx for Peroxide Reduction: Template-Free Synthesis of Fe-Nx Traumatized Mesoporous Carbon Nanotubes as an ORR Catalyst in Acidic and Alkaline Solutions.
86  personalized rehabilitation recognition
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ANFIS (1 time)
FIS (1 time)
UHMs (1 time)
2019 Personalized Rehabilitation Recognition for Ubiquitous Healthcare Measurements.
87  pharmacy refill rate
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
GINA (1 time)
2019 Assessing Adherence by Combining the Test of Adherence to Inhalers with Pharmacy Refill Records.
88  phosphate reduction rate
(1 time)
Kidney Transplantation
(1 time)
BFR (1 time)
HD (1 time)
URR (1 time)
2018 The impact of blood flow rate on dialysis dose and phosphate removal in hemodialysis patients.
89  photocatalytic reduction reaction
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
POR (1 time)
2019 A mechanism study on the photocatalytic inactivation of Salmonella typhimurium bacteria by CuxO loaded rhodium-antimony co-doped TiO2 nanorods.
90  photoreactivating repair radiation
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
UVB (1 time)
2018 Effects of Temperature and Photorepair Radiation on a Marine Ciliate Exposed to UVB Radiation.
91  photorecovery radiation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Age-dependent survival, reproduction and photorepair activity in Daphnia magna (Straus, 1820) after exposure to artificial ultraviolet radiation.
92  photosynthesis response regulatory
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
ICM (1 time)
1995 Oxygen-insensitive synthesis of the photosynthetic membranes of Rhodobacter sphaeroides: a mutant histidine kinase.
93  Phymatotrichum root rot
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
dpi (1 time)
2009 Global gene expression profiling during Medicago truncatula-Phymatotrichopsis omnivora interaction reveals a role for jasmonic acid, ethylene, and the flavonoid pathway in disease development.
94  Phytophthora root rot of raspberry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Soil Solarization as a Component of an Integrated Program for Control of Raspberry Root Rot.
95  placebo-related ratings
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
TOTPAR (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
1998 Analgesic efficacy and pharmacokinetics of topical nimesulide gel in healthy human volunteers: double-blind comparison with piroxicam, diclofenac and placebo.
96  plasma removal rate
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
PT (1 time)
TPE (1 time)
2018 Paired comparison of therapeutic plasma exchange using the Fenwal Amicus versus TerumoBCT Spectra Optia.
97  platelet count to RDW ratio
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ESCC (1 time)
FIESTA (1 time)
RDW (1 time)
2017 Preoperative blood-routine markers and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: The Fujian prospective investigation of cancer (FIESTA) study.
98  platinum-resistant/-refractory
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ICER (1 time)
NMA (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2015 Topotecan, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride, paclitaxel, trabectedin and gemcitabine for advanced recurrent or refractory ovarian cancer: a systematic review and economic evaluation.
99  polymorphic regulatory regions
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
ERs (1 time)
2015 In-silico identification and functional validation of allele-dependent AR enhancers.
100  polymyxin resistance ratio
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MALDI-TOF MS (1 time)
mcr (1 time)
2019 Detection of Colistin Resistance in Escherichia coli by Use of the MALDI Biotyper Sirius Mass Spectrometry System.