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Abbreviation: PSI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
photosystem I
(1424 times)
Biochemistry
(449 times)
PSII (448 times)
Chl (65 times)
LHCI (48 times)
1972 A spectroscopic analysis of a high fluorescent mutant of Chlamydomonas reinhardi.
pneumonia severity index
(418 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(105 times)
CAP (264 times)
ICU (51 times)
AUC (46 times)
2001 The influence of the severity of community-acquired pneumonia on the usefulness of blood cultures.
patient-specific instrumentation
(246 times)
Orthopedics
(131 times)
TKA (110 times)
CT (36 times)
CI (23 times)
2012 Patient-specific instrumentation for total knee replacement verified by computer navigation: a case report.
Parenting Stress Index
(125 times)
Pediatrics
(43 times)
CBCL (14 times)
ASD (6 times)
EPDS (6 times)
1989 Stress in parents of children with diabetes mellitus.
physiological strain index
(78 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
HR (29 times)
Tre (14 times)
Tc (9 times)
1998 A physiological strain index to evaluate heat stress.
Patient Safety Indicator
(75 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
AHRQ (19 times)
CI (8 times)
PPV (8 times)
2004 Readmissions for venous thromboembolism: expanding the definition of patient safety indicators.
Processing Speed Index
(59 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
WMI (29 times)
VCI (22 times)
FSIQ (17 times)
2002 Performance characteristics of postacute traumatic brain injury patients on the WAIS-III and WMS-III.
person separation index
(57 times)
Rehabilitation
(11 times)
DIF (20 times)
CTT (3 times)
ICC (3 times)
2007 The Foot Posture Index: Rasch analysis of a novel, foot-specific outcome measure.
patient-specific implant
(51 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
PEEK (6 times)
CAD (3 times)
3DP (2 times)
2011 Combined bone and soft-tissue augmentation surgery in temporo-orbital contour reconstruction.
10  Paul Scherrer Institute
(47 times)
Biophysics
(14 times)
PT (4 times)
RBE (4 times)
IMPT (3 times)
1995 The 200-MeV proton therapy project at the Paul Scherrer Institute: conceptual design and practical realization.
11  phase-shifting interferometry
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
AFM (3 times)
FTF (2 times)
SPR (2 times)
1987 Sub-Nyquist interferometry.
12  proteasome inhibitor
(35 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
PD (5 times)
NF-kappaB (4 times)
alpha-syn (2 times)
1998 Central nervous system DNA fragmentation induced by the inhibition of nuclear factor kappa B.
13  patient state index
(34 times)
Anesthesiology
(13 times)
BIS (11 times)
EEG (8 times)
RSS (4 times)
2002 Patient State Index: titration of delivery and recovery from propofol, alfentanil, and nitrous oxide anesthesia.
14  proliferation signal inhibitors
(32 times)
Transplantation
(17 times)
CNI (15 times)
SRL (3 times)
CAN (2 times)
2006 Everolimus in clinical practice--renal transplantation.
15  Proteomics Standards Initiative
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
HUPO (10 times)
MS (6 times)
PRIDE (3 times)
2003 The proteomics standards initiative.
16  polysuccinimide
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PASP (5 times)
DOX (3 times)
PEG (3 times)
2003 [A water-soluble synthetic polymer, alpha,beta-poly(hydroxyalkyl)-DL-asparamide, and conjugating drug].
17  Pollutant Standards Index
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
PM10 (4 times)
CO (3 times)
IES-R (3 times)
1994 Health effects of outdoor air pollution.
18  Protein Structure Initiative
(29 times)
Genomics
(8 times)
JCSG (7 times)
CESG (2 times)
MCSG (2 times)
2005 Addressing the intrinsic disorder bottleneck in structural proteomics.
19  Population Services International
(25 times)
Public Health
(11 times)
BCC (3 times)
PWID (3 times)
CDC (2 times)
1984 Social marketing of contraceptives in Bangladesh.
20  Problem Solving Inventory
(25 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
BAI (2 times)
BDI (2 times)
SCS (2 times)
1986 Cognitive appraisal of problem solving effectiveness: relation to depression and depressive symptoms.
21  Psoriasis Severity Index
(25 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
UVB (4 times)
MED (3 times)
UV (3 times)
1988 Acitretin versus etretinate in psoriasis. Clinical and pharmacokinetic results of a German multicenter study.
22  protein synthesis inhibition
(24 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ANI (3 times)
B-CLL (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
1984 T-cell growth factor production and protein synthesis.
23  Patient Satisfaction Index
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
ODI (10 times)
VAS (7 times)
NRS (4 times)
2001 Patient satisfaction in resident and attending ambulatory care clinics.
24  phase synchronization index
(21 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
EEG (5 times)
ABP (2 times)
CBF (2 times)
2009 Estimation of effective and functional cortical connectivity from neuroelectric and hemodynamic recordings.
25  psychosocial interventions
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
AD (1 time)
AO (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
1999 Immunological changes associated with clinical improvement of asthmatic children subjected to psychosocial intervention.
26  periodontal screening index
(20 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
BOP (6 times)
GI (3 times)
CAL (2 times)
1980 A periodontal screening index (PSI) to assess periodontal treatment needs.
27  paper spray ionization
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
MS (8 times)
ESI (3 times)
LODs (2 times)
2014 3D-printed paper spray ionization cartridge with fast wetting and continuous solvent supply features.
28  plexin-semaphorin-integrin
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
FNAIT (3 times)
mAbs (3 times)
GP (2 times)
2000 Amino acid residues in the PSI domain and cysteine-rich repeats of the integrin beta2 subunit that restrain activation of the integrin alpha(X)beta(2).
29  post-systolic index
(19 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
PSS (9 times)
LV (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
2009 Global and regional myocardial function quantification by two-dimensional strain in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.
30  plant-specific insert
(18 times)
Botany
(8 times)
APs (3 times)
AP (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1998 Identification and proteolytic processing of procardosin A.
31  Psoriasis Symptom Inventory
(18 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
DLQI (5 times)
PASI (5 times)
BSA (4 times)
2012 Validation of the Psoriasis Symptom Inventory (PSI), a patient-reported outcome measure to assess psoriasis symptom severity.
32  patient safety incident
(17 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
AEs (1 time)
ED (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2009 [Reporting of patient safety incidents: experience from five years with a national reporting system].
33  phase slope index
(16 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
EEG (5 times)
MEG (4 times)
DTF (3 times)
2010 Localizing and estimating causal relations of interacting brain rhythms.
34  Physiologic Stability Index
(14 times)
Critical Care
(7 times)
TISS (8 times)
PICU (6 times)
PRISM (4 times)
1984 Evaluation of pediatric intensive care.
35  postsystolic strain index
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(10 times)
LV (4 times)
PSS (4 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Impact of the coronary flow reduction at rest on myocardial perfusion and functional indices derived from myocardial contrast and strain echocardiography.
36  Pediatric Speech Intelligibility
(13 times)
Audiology
(9 times)
CA (2 times)
MPSI (2 times)
PI (2 times)
1981 Pediatric speech intelligibility test. II. Effect of receptive language age and chronological age.
37  postoperative shoulder imbalance
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
AIS (9 times)
RSH (5 times)
UIV (4 times)
2014 Association of postoperative shoulder balance with adding-on in Lenke Type II adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
38  presynaptic inhibition
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
H-reflex (2 times)
HC (2 times)
PAD (2 times)
2000 Decrease in presynaptic inhibition on heteronymous monosynaptic Ia terminals in patients with Parkinson's disease.
39  P-element somatic inhibitor
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
snRNP (3 times)
AS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1994 Regulation of tissue-specific P-element pre-mRNA splicing requires the RNA-binding protein PSI.
40  peak signal intensity
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
AUC (5 times)
PIT (5 times)
CEUS (2 times)
2001 Quantification of flow rates using harmonic grey-scale imaging and an ultrasound contrast agent: an in vitro and in vivo study.
41  Percent Spliced In
(12 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
AS (9 times)
AUC (3 times)
OS (3 times)
2012 Challenges in estimating percent inclusion of alternatively spliced junctions from RNA-seq data.
42  Psychiatric Symptom Index
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ATS-Q (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
1989 The influence of psychological status on respiratory symptom reporting.
43  pedicle screw instrumentation
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AIS (3 times)
DVR (3 times)
LIV (3 times)
2015 Determination of the distal fusion level in the management of thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using pedicle screw instrumentation.
44  personality systems interaction
(11 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
EDA (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
IPANAT (1 time)
2004 Self-infiltration: confusing assigned tasks as self-selected in memory.
45  processing speed
(11 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
WMI (9 times)
VCI (5 times)
POI (4 times)
2000 Estimation of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III index scores with the 7-subtest short form in a clinical sample.
46  P sorption index
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
DPS (6 times)
DRP (5 times)
STP (4 times)
2006 Soil and surface runoff phosphorus relationships for five typical USA midwest soils.
47  Periprosthetic shoulder infection
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
ASA (1 time)
C. acnes (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Management of acute or late hematogenous infection after shoulder arthroplasty with irrigation, debridement, and component retention.
48  phosphorus sorption index
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
BSMs (2 times)
DPS (2 times)
PSR (2 times)
2004 Soil variables for predicting potential phosphorus release in Swedish noncalcareous soils.
49  pre-diagnosis symptom interval
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
CNS (3 times)
LGG (2 times)
ED (1 time)
2002 Delay in the diagnosis of paediatric brain tumours.
50  Prefrontal Symptoms Inventory
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (1 time)
CDM (1 time)
FAB (1 time)
2012 [Prefrontal Symptoms Inventory for clinical evaluation of addictions in everyday life: development process and psychometric properties].
51  proactive semantic interference
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
LASSI-L (8 times)
CN (7 times)
AD (5 times)
2015 Proactive Semantic Interference is Associated with Total and Regional Abnormal Amyloid Load in Non-Demented Community-Dwelling Elders: A Preliminary Study.
52  proximal small intestine
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DSI (4 times)
BaP (3 times)
PAH (3 times)
1983 Gastrointestinal absorption of estrone sulfate in germfree and conventional rats.
53  Psychological Screening Inventory
(10 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
CF (1 time)
EPQ (1 time)
HPO (1 time)
1981 A comparison of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and the Psychological Screening Inventory in a delinquent sample and a comparison group.
54  Psychotomimetic States Inventory
(10 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
CBD (3 times)
THC (3 times)
BPRS (2 times)
2008 The psychotomimetic states inventory (PSI): measuring psychotic-type experiences from ketamine and cannabis.
55  phosphate starvation-induced
(9 times)
Botany
(6 times)
CBL (1 time)
CIPK (1 time)
P1BS (1 time)
2006 Phosphate starvation responses are mediated by sugar signaling in Arabidopsis.
56  Pi starvation-induced
(9 times)
Botany
(8 times)
Pi (6 times)
PTs (2 times)
APase (1 time)
2009 Phosphate starvation responses and gibberellic acid biosynthesis are regulated by the MYB62 transcription factor in Arabidopsis.
57  posterior shoulder instability
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
ASES (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
MINORS (1 time)
2016 Association of Traumatic and Atraumatic Posterior Shoulder Instability With Glenoid Retroversion and Outcomes After Arthroscopic Capsulolabral Repair.
58  Parenting Stress Index-Short Form
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
BOTMP (1 time)
CFUS (1 time)
CIT (1 time)
2007 Stress in mothers of young children with eczema.
59  Parenting Style Inventory
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
PARI (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
CBCL (1 time)
1995 Sources of stress for mothers and fathers of deaf and hard of hearing infants.
60  pelvic sagittal inclination
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
THA (3 times)
CT (1 time)
DDH (1 time)
2014 Spinal factors influencing change in pelvic sagittal inclination from supine position to standing position in patients before total hip arthroplasty.
61  Personal Style Inventory
(8 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
DEQ (2 times)
3VDI (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
1989 Personal stress inventory in the screening and evaluation of family practice patients.
62  pyogenic spinal infection
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CRP (1 time)
DM (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
2010 Back pain in a Bangladeshi worker in Iraq.
63  Paris saponin I
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
Bcl-2 (3 times)
Bax (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
2009 The antitumoral effect of Paris Saponin I associated with the induction of apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway.
64  penetrating spinal injury
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
GSW (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
1989 Treatment of acute penetrating injuries of the spine: a retrospective analysis.
65  Predictive Salvage Index
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
MESS (6 times)
LSI (5 times)
MESI (3 times)
1993 The futility of predictive scoring of mangled lower extremities.
66  proportional similarity index
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MLST (2 times)
AMOVA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2012 A comprehensive overview of medical error in hospitals using incident-reporting systems, patient complaints and chart review of inpatient deaths.
67  proteasome N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Ile-Glu(O-t-butyl)-Ala-leucinal
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DOCA (2 times)
AICD (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1996 Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis centers in HeLa cells: indication from studies of an inhibitor of the chymotrypsin-like activity of the proteasome.
68  Puckorius scaling index
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
RSI (7 times)
LSI (6 times)
AI (4 times)
2018 Neuro-fuzzy inference system Prediction of stability indices and Sodium absorption ratio in Lordegan rural drinking water resources in west Iran.
69  pectus severity index
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
PE (3 times)
VC (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2003 Ventilatory and cardiovascular responses to exercise in patients with pectus excavatum.
70  perfusion score index
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LVEF (2 times)
MCE (2 times)
MI (2 times)
2005 Extent of myocardial viability predicts response to biventricular pacing in ischemic cardiomyopathy.
71  permanent seed implantation
(6 times)
Brachytherapy
(2 times)
NPD (2 times)
AS (1 time)
CN (1 time)
2007 Efficacy of prostate stabilizing techniques during brachytherapy procedure.
72  phase-sensitive imaging
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
ICV (2 times)
ASV (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2009 Application of phase sensitive imaging (PSI) for hemorrhage diagnosis in pituitary adenomas.
73  Post-stroke insomnia
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
GRADE (2 times)
PSQI (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2019 Combination of Alprazolam and Bailemian Capsule Improves the Sleep Quality in Patients With Post-Stroke Insomnia: A Retrospective Study.
74  poststroke induction
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HMGB1 (2 times)
MCAO (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2007 Infection after acute stroke is associated with poor short-term outcome.
75  previous schistosome infection
(6 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2013 Association of previous schistosome infection with diabetes and metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study in rural China.
76  problem-solving intervention
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CAU (2 times)
OHS (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2009 Maternal responses to adolescent positive affect are associated with adolescents' reward neuroanatomy.
77  prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
PDA (3 times)
ARR (1 time)
ICTRP (1 time)
1987 Defensive chemistry of the flour beetleTribolium brevicornis (LeC): : Presence of known and potential prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors.
78  prostate seed implantation
(6 times)
Brachytherapy
(4 times)
131Cs (1 time)
BFD (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2004 Prostate seed implantation using 3D-computer assisted intraoperative planning vs. a standard look-up nomogram: Improved target conformality with reduction in urethral and rectal wall dose.
79  Psychosocial Index
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
DCPR (2 times)
DCPR-R (2 times)
AO (1 time)
2007 Psychosocial impairment in patients treated for pituitary disease: a controlled study.
80  passive suicidal ideation
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
ASI (2 times)
MDE (1 time)
MFG (1 time)
2004 Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts in chronic pain patients: factors associated with increased risk.
81  Perceived social isolation
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
aOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EMBASE (1 time)
2016 Perceived social isolation is associated with altered functional connectivity in neural networks associated with tonic alertness and executive control.
82  peripherally synapsing interneuron
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GF (3 times)
GFS (2 times)
TTM (2 times)
1984 Mutations altering synaptic connectivity between identified neurons in Drosophila.
83  Personalized System of Instruction
(5 times)
Education
(3 times)
CBI (1 time)
MCAT (1 time)
UNM SOM (1 time)
1974 Amount and distribution of study in a personalized instruction course and in a lecture course.
84  phosphate solubilizing index
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
IAA (2 times)
ACCD (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
2014 Cultivable endophytic bacteria from leaf bases of Agave tequilana and their role as plant growth promoters.
85  point-sampled intercept
(5 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
BSI (1 time)
MGV (1 time)
MNV (1 time)
1990 Estimating mean particle volume and number from random sections by sampling profile boundaries.
86  port site infection
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
LS (2 times)
NTM (2 times)
OT (1 time)
2012 Prevalence, pattern, sensitivity and resistance to antibiotics of different bacteria isolated from port site infection in low risk patients after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis at tertiary care hospital of Kashmir.
87  Post-Sleep Inventory
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
BDI (3 times)
HD (3 times)
FIQ (2 times)
1995 Fibromyalgia versus rheumatoid arthritis: a longitudinal comparison of the quality of life.
88  postictal suppression index
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ECT (5 times)
EEG (2 times)
BS (1 time)
2003 Right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy at six times seizure threshold.
89  postural stability index
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ES (3 times)
EEMD (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2004 Measures of postural stability.
90  Pregnancy Symptoms Inventory
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
IPV (1 time)
IRLS (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
2015 Sleep patterns and sleep disturbances across pregnancy.
91  Public Services International
(5 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
ICN (3 times)
ILO (3 times)
WHO (2 times)
1982 [PSI (Public Services International)-congress: the only justification for the public sector. Interview by Jan Thomasson].
92  Pyogenic sacroiliitis
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CA-MRSA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1984 Pyogenic sacroiliitis. An absolute indication for computerized tomographic scanning.
93  Pain and Smoking Inventory
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
PLWH (2 times)
2016 A measure of perceived pain and tobacco smoking interrelations: pilot validation of the pain and smoking inventory.
94  Pain Severity Index
(4 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
ALSFRS-R (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
2006 Randomized, double-blind comparison of 1 mg/L versus 5 mg/L methoxsalen bath-PUVA therapy for chronic plaque-type psoriasis.
95  Palmar Sweat Index
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
STAI (1 time)
1975 Effects of puppet therapy on palmar sweating of hospitalized children.
96  particle size index
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
NIR (3 times)
BHMT (1 time)
HKM (1 time)
1998 Sorghum endosperm texture--a review.
97  percent-splice-in
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AS (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2016 IntSplice: prediction of the splicing consequences of intronic single-nucleotide variations in the human genome.
98  Perfusion Speckle Imager
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CAM (1 time)
HR (1 time)
LASCA (1 time)
2013 The influence of skin microcirculation blood perfusion at zusanli acupoint by stimulating with lift-thrust reinforcing and reducing acupuncture manipulation methods on healthy adults.
99  phase synchrony index
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (2 times)
FAM (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2018 Beta burst coupling across the motor circuit in Parkinson's disease.
100  physiological strain
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HR (3 times)
PeSI (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2016 Obese type 2 diabetics have a blunted hypotensive response to acute hyperthermia therapy that does not affect the perception of thermal stress or physiological strain compared to healthy adults.