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Abbreviation: PSO
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Long forms: 122

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
particle swarm optimization
(1327 times)
Medical Informatics
(205 times)
GA (170 times)
SVM (92 times)
ANN (61 times)
2002 Analysis of pollutant levels in central Hong Kong applying neural network method with particle swarm optimization.
pedicle subtraction osteotomy
(307 times)
Orthopedics
(141 times)
SVA (53 times)
AS (46 times)
ODI (39 times)
2005 Comparison of Smith-Petersen versus pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the correction of fixed sagittal imbalance.
pseudo-second-order
(124 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
PFO (32 times)
FTIR (19 times)
XRD (12 times)
2005 Competitive adsorption of Pb2+, Cu2+, and Cd2+ ions on microporous titanosilicate ETS-10.
pomegranate seed oil
(63 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
CLA (7 times)
BME (5 times)
PA (5 times)
2005 Dietary effect of pomegranate seed oil on immune function and lipid metabolism in mice.
particle swarm optimization algorithm
(48 times)
Medical Informatics
(10 times)
GA (12 times)
SVM (6 times)
ANN (4 times)
2009 [Application of particle swarm optimization algorithm in infrared spectrum quantitative analysis of gas mixture].
post-symptom onset
(28 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (9 times)
COVID-19 (5 times)
CI (3 times)
2015 Multicountry prospective clinical evaluation of two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and two rapid diagnostic tests for diagnosing dengue fever.
psoralen
(27 times)
Complementary Therapies
(7 times)
CD (3 times)
DOX (3 times)
5-MOP (2 times)
1992 Antitumor activity of psoralen on mucoepidermoid carcinoma cell line MEC-1.
pumpkin seed oil
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BPH (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
SNEDDS (2 times)
1995 Effect of pumpkin-seed oil on the level of free radical scavengers induced during adjuvant-arthritis in rats.
paramagnetic spin-orbit
(13 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
FC (10 times)
SD (8 times)
DSO (3 times)
2002 Interpretation of indirect nuclear spin-spin coupling tensors for polyatomic xenon fluorides and group 17 fluorides: results from relativistic density-functional calculations.
10  particle swarm algorithm
(12 times)
Neurosciences
(2 times)
DE (2 times)
3D-FEFD (1 time)
ABC (1 time)
2013 Color image quantization algorithm based on self-adaptive differential evolution.
11  presurgical orthopedics
(11 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
BCLP (3 times)
GPP (3 times)
ABG (2 times)
2007 A randomized control trial investigating the effect of presurgical orthopedics on feeding in infants with cleft lip and/or palate.
12  proximal subungual onychomycosis
(11 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
DLSO (6 times)
WSO (5 times)
TDO (4 times)
1999 Combined distal and lateral subungual and white superficial onychomycosis in the toenails.
13  peony seed oil
(10 times)
Food
(4 times)
ALA (2 times)
EPA (2 times)
LA (2 times)
2015 Anti-diabetic activity of peony seed oil, a new resource food in STZ-induced diabetic mice.
14  Patient Safety Organizations
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
RCA (2 times)
EHRs (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2007 The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005--The federal law and its implications for Mssouri.
15  Psoralidin
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ROS (4 times)
ADR (1 time)
ALDH (1 time)
2013 Silencing NOTCH signaling causes growth arrest in both breast cancer stem cells and breast cancer cells.
16  Perilla seed oil
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ALA (2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2019 Acute and sub-chronic 90-day oral toxicity study of Perilla seed oil in rodents and Beagle dogs.
17  provider-sponsored organization
(8 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
HCFA (2 times)
CAHPS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1998 Medicare program; definition of provider-sponsored organization and related requirements--HCFA. Interim final rule with comment period.
18  psychosocial oncology
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
APOS (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2012 The Ontario Psychosocial Oncology Framework: a quality improvement tool.
19  Primary sternal osteomyelitis
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
--- 2001 Magnetic resonance imaging in a child with primary sternal osteomyelitis.
20  paramedian sagittal oblique
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
TM (4 times)
US (3 times)
AG (1 time)
2012 Sonoanatomy of the thoracic spine in adult volunteers.
21  prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PM (2 times)
HADS (1 time)
IES (1 time)
2003 Pre- and postmenopausal high-risk women undergoing screening for ovarian cancer: anxiety, risk perceptions, and quality of life.
22  pseudo-second-order kinetic model
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2017 Removal of antibiotics (sulfamethazine, tetracycline and chloramphenicol) from aqueous solution by raw and nitrogen plasma modified steel shavings.
23  pelvic support osteotomy
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
IHR (1 time)
THR (1 time)
2004 [Changes in the lengths of the gluteus medius and gluteus minimus muscles with trochanteric transfer following pelvic support osteotomy: a biomechanical study].
24  penetrated surface oil
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
STO (4 times)
SO (3 times)
TO (3 times)
2016 Effects of Initial Pore Diameter on the Oil Absorption Behavior of Potato Chips during Frying Process.
25  phytosphingosine
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Sa (3 times)
AChE (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
2002 Liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation-mass spectrometry method for the quantification of sphingosine and sphinganine in cell cultures exposed to fumonisins.
26  palm stearin oil
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
2019 Effect of Palm Stearin Oil (PSO), Physical Fractionation Oil of Palm Stearin Oil (PPP) and Structured Lipids of Rich 1,3-Dioleoyl-2-palmitoylglycerol (OPO)on the Stability in Different Emulsion Systems.
27  permethrin spot-on
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
VPIS (1 time)
2007 Clinical effects and outcome of feline permethrin spot-on poisonings reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service (VPIS), London.
28  Plant SO
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SO (3 times)
CSO (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2003 The crystal structure of plant sulfite oxidase provides insights into sulfite oxidation in plants and animals.
29  polyoxyethylene sorbitol oleate
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HGNPs (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
PSO-HGNPs-DOX (1 time)
2014 Novel designed polyoxyethylene nonionic surfactant with improved safety and efficiency for anticancer drug delivery.
30  popularity-similarity optimisation
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ncMCE (1 time)
2019 Novel epidemic models on PSO-based networks.
31  porous silicon oxide
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
MC (1 time)
PECVD (1 time)
RIE (1 time)
2014 Wicking nanopillar arrays with dual roughness for selective transport and fluorescence measurements.
32  post-saccadic oscillation
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
PSOp (1 time)
2016 The pupil is faster than the corneal reflection (CR): Are video based pupil-CR eye trackers suitable for studying detailed dynamics of eye movements?
33  posterior subcapsular opacities
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
ASF (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1990 Prevention of cataracts in pink-eyed RCS rats by dark rearing.
34  potassium-sensing oligonucleotide
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FRET (2 times)
FAM (1 time)
TAMRA (1 time)
2002 A novel potassium sensing in aqueous media with a synthetic oligonucleotide derivative. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer associated with Guanine quartet-potassium ion complex formation.
35  pseduo-second-order model
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EDS (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2018 Dynamic study of Cr(VI) removal performance and mechanism from water using multilayer material coated nanoscale zerovalent iron.
36  P. macrocarpa seed oil
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2022 Characterization of a novel squalene-rich oil: Pachira macrocarpa seed oil.
37  paprika seed oil
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FAS (1 time)
HMG-CoA (1 time)
LDLR (1 time)
2017 Hypolipidaemic effect and mechanism of paprika seed oil on Sprague-Dawley rats.
38  paranasal sinus osteoma
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 [The analysis of 42 observations of paranasal sinus osteoma].
39  parasagittal oblique
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TM (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2019 Facet joint degeneration adversely affects ultrasound imaging of the lumbar spine.
40  pepper seed oil
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FTIR (2 times)
DSC (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
2020 Gum arabic/maltodextrin microencapsulation confers peroxidation stability and antimicrobial ability to pepper seed oil.
41  polysiloxane
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
PDMS (1 time)
2012 Transparent luminescent bulk nanocomposites of polysiloxane embedded with CdS nanocrystallines by a direct dispersion process.
42  posaconazole
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
L-AmB (1 time)
PAI (1 time)
2014 Multimodal surgical and medical treatment for extensive rhinocerebral mucormycosis in an elderly diabetic patient: a case report and literature review.
43  post-outlier
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ORs (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Association of PPARGC1A Gly428Ser (rs8192678) polymorphism with potential for athletic ability and sports performance: A meta-analysis.
44  Proximal Side Optimization
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
DES (2 times)
KBI (2 times)
SB (2 times)
2020 Proximal Side-Branch Optimization in Crush Stenting: A Step-by-Step Technical Approach in a Silicone Phantom Model.
45  proximal subungual
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DLSO (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
TDO (1 time)
2002 Fusarium infections of the skin.
46  psoriasis only
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2009 The burden of autoimmune disease: a comparison of prevalence ratios in patients with psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis.
47  purified soybean oil
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CSO (1 time)
EthPm (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2001 Effects of gum arabic on lipase interfacial binding and activity.
48  purified sunflower oil
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CM (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2013 Cocoa particles for food emulsion stabilisation.
49  blockchain-particle swarm optimization
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AES (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
RFID (1 time)
2019 Based Medical Systems for Patient's Authentication: Towards a New Verification Secure Framework Using CIA Standard.
50  P-sense offset
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
ECGs (1 time)
IVD (1 time)
2008 Prediction of interatrial and interventricular electromechanical delays from P/QRS measurements: value for pacemaker timing optimization.
51  Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. seed oil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
EASE (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
2021 Enzyme-assisted Solvent Extraction of High-yield Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. Seed Oil and Fatty Acid Composition and Anti-Alzheimer's Disease Activity.
52  palm superolein
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
OO (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the frying performance of olive oil and palm superolein.
53  palmitic, stearic, and oleic acids
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
COCs (1 time)
2017 Alpha-linolenic acid protects the developmental capacity of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes matured under lipotoxic conditions in vitro.
54  panose-series oligosaccharides
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EPS (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of exopolysaccharide producing Weissella cibaria MG1 strain for the production of sourdough from various flours.
55  Papaya seed oil
(1 time)
Food Technology
(1 time)
UAE (1 time)
2019 Optimized ultrasonic-assisted extraction of papaya seed oil from Hainan/Eksotika variety.
56  Paracoccus sulfur oxidation
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Thiosulfate Oxidation and mixotrophic growth of Methylobacterium goesingense and Methylobacterium fujisawaense.
57  paramagnetic spin-orbit contribution
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CCSD (1 time)
SSCC (1 time)
2012 On the discrepancy between theory and experiment for the F-F spin-spin coupling constant of difluoroethyne.
58  parsley seed oil
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
2021 Yield Response from the Catalytic Conversion of Parsley Seed Oil into Biodiesel Using a Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalyst.
59  particle swarm approach
(1 time)
MOORA (1 time)
2019 Towards Optimization of Surface Roughness and Productivity Aspects during High-Speed Machining of Ti-6Al-4V.
60  partitioned sensory organ
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CvS1 (1 time)
CvS2 (1 time)
SB1-3 (1 time)
2020 Morphological characterization of antennae and antennal sensilla of Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae) nymphs.
61  pathways of patients with psoriasis
(1 time)
Biological Products
(1 time)
PsA (1 time)
2018 Analysis of drug utilization and health care resource consumption in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis before and after treatment with biological therapies.
62  Pediatric School Outreach
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SBHC (1 time)
2022 Pediatric School Outreach: Clinical Needs of an Urban Student Population.
63  pedicle subtraction
(1 time)
Scoliosis
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
OR (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2015 Risk factors for rod fracture after posterior correction of adult spinal deformity with osteotomy: a retrospective case-series.
64  PEGylated semiconducting oligomer
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
NIR-II FI (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2022 A Renal-Clearable PEGylated Semiconducting Oligomer for the NIR-II Fluorescence Imaging of Tumor.
65  Pemberton-Salter Osteotomy
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
DCO (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2021 Effects of developmental dysplasia of the hip screening program on the treatment strategies: A retrospective study from a tertiary care hospital in the southeast region of Turkey.
66  peptidoglycan synthesis operon
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 CarR, a MarR-family regulator from Corynebacterium glutamicum, modulated antibiotic and aromatic compound resistance.
67  perah seed oil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PUFAs (1 time)
SFAs (1 time)
TOTOX (1 time)
2018 The Effect of Microwave Roasting Over the Thermooxidative Degradation of Perah Seed Oil During Heating.
68  perceived sexual orientation
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2013 Bullying and quality of life in youths perceived as gay, lesbian, or bisexual in Washington State, 2010.
69  percent saturation of dissolved oxygen
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BOD (1 time)
COD (1 time)
CWI (1 time)
2018 Enterococci as a key parameter for water quality index: Purires River, Costa Rica.
70  periodically self-sustained oscillation
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
APL (1 time)
DPAD (1 time)
EHRNs (1 time)
2017 Spatiotemporal dynamics in excitable homogeneous random networks composed of periodically self-sustained oscillation.
71  Person-specific outcome measure
(1 time)
Quality Assurance, Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2021 Person-specific outcome measure (PSO) for use in primary and community care.
72  petroleum spray oil
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Integrated pest management of two-spotted mite Tetranychus urticae on greenhouse roses using petroleum spray oil and the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis.
73  Pharmacy Service Orientation
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2006 Pharmacy Service Orientation: a measure of organizational culture in pharmacy practice sites.
74  phenylstibine oxide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Integrity of zinc finger motifs in PML protein is necessary for inducing its degradation by antimony.
75  PHILOS screw orientations
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CSO (1 time)
FE (1 time)
PHFs (1 time)
2021 One size may not fit all: patient-specific computational optimization of locking plates for improved proximal humerus fracture fixation.
76  phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Targeted Delivery of miRNA Antagonists to Myeloid Cells In Vitro and InVivo.
77  physician service organization
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1998 Why it matters.
78  Physician Support Office
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1986 Evaluation of medical center support for rural physicians.
79  Plant Structure Ontology
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2006 The plant structure ontology, a unified vocabulary of anatomy and morphology of a flowering plant.
80  play sessions with objects
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
TFT (1 time)
2022 A fast technique to induce and measure anticipatory behavior in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus).
81  policy support organization
(1 time)
Health Policy
(1 time)
CIS (1 time)
EIPM (1 time)
2020 Examining and Contextualizing Approaches to Establish Policy Support Organizations - A Critical Interpretive Synthesis.
82  poly-substance users
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ECF (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2013 Adolescent inhalant use and executive cognitive functioning.
83  polycystic ovary
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Biochemical and histological evidence of thyroid gland dysfunction in estradiol valerate model of the polycystic ovary in Wistar rats.
84  polycystic-size ovaries
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
17PROG (1 time)
GnRHag (1 time)
PCOS (1 time)
2006 Functional significance of polycystic-size ovaries in healthy adolescents.
85  polymerization of soybean oil
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GM (1 time)
HM (1 time)
HPSO (1 time)
2011 Synthesis of soybean oil-based polymeric surfactants in supercritical carbon dioxide and investigation of their surface properties.
86  polymorphic sparteine oxidation
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Chromosomal assignment of human cytochrome P-450 (debrisoquine/sparteine type) to chromosome 22.
87  polymyxin-B.Sulfo-SMCC.ovalbumin
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HPCAE (1 time)
HPTLC (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1994 Semi-synthesis of polymyxin-B conjugated ovalbumin: evaluation of lipopolysaccharide binding avidity and neutralization of induced tnf-alpha synthesis.
88  pomegranate oil seeds
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
GL (1 time)
PL (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2017 Oil Characterization and Lipids Class Composition of Pomegranate Seeds.
89  portasystemic shunt operations
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Portasystemic shunt--our twenty years experience].
90  post-high school outcomes
(1 time)
Autistic Disorder
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
PA (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2022 From high school to postsecondary education, training, and employment: Predicting outcomes for young adults with autism spectrum disorder.
91  posterior sensory organ
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Novel, posterior sensory organ in the trochophore larva of Phyllodoce maculata (Polychaeta).
92  posterior subtraction osteotomy
(1 time)
Spinal Diseases
(1 time)
ASF (1 time)
OVC (1 time)
2013 Surgical outcomes of osteoporotic vertebral collapse: a retrospective study of anterior spinal fusion and pedicle subtraction osteotomy.
93  posterior sympathetic ophthalmia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MFC (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
SRD (1 time)
2022 Clinical classification, visual outcomes, and optical coherence tomographic features of 48 patients with posterior sympathetic ophthalmia.
94  postsynthetic oxidation
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
PVDF (1 time)
PVP (1 time)
2021 Enhancement of Proton Conductivity in Fe-Metal-Organic Frameworks by Postsynthetic Oxidation and High-Performance Hybrid Membranes with Low Acidity.
95  powerful optimization algorithms named Herd Optimization
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
MAE (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2022 Developing random forest hybridization models for estimating the axial bearing capacity of pile.
96  pre-sympathetic output
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
PPO (1 time)
2013 Distinct intrinsic and synaptic properties of pre-sympathetic and pre-parasympathetic output neurons in Barrington's nucleus.
97  presence of furanocoumarins psoralen
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
5-MOP (1 time)
EBGT (1 time)
2020 Crude plant extract versus single compounds for vitiligo treatment: Ex vivo intestinal permeability assessment on Brosimum gaudichaudii Trecul.
98  primary sclerosing cholangitis
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
NASH (1 time)
2013 Recurrence of disease after liver transplantation.
99  primary spinal oligodendroglioma
(1 time)
--- 2017 A very rare spinal cord tumor primary spinal oligodendroglioma: A review of sixty cases in the literature.
100  primary sternomanubrial osteomyelitis
(1 time)
ORSA (1 time)
2022 A Case of Primary Sternomanubrial Osteomyelitis With Oxacillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (ORSA) Bacteremia.