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Abbreviation: PT
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Long forms: 1650

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
prothrombin time
(3547 times)
Hematology
(536 times)
APTT (1913 times)
TT (517 times)
INR (509 times)
1974 Endotoxin induced disseminated intravascular coagulation in cattle.
physical therapy
(920 times)
Physical Medicine
(184 times)
OT (133 times)
CI (41 times)
ROM (31 times)
0 The Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Optimizing Injury Management in Air Force Pararescuemen, Combat Rescue Officers, and Survival Specialists.
pertussis toxin
(913 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(351 times)
FHA (236 times)
PRN (92 times)
CT (63 times)
1983 Pertussis toxin blocks the somatostatin-induced inhibition of growth hormone release and adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate accumulation.
pelvic tilt
(507 times)
Orthopedics
(257 times)
PI (344 times)
LL (297 times)
SS (274 times)
1996 Muscle activity in upper and lower rectus abdominus during abdominal exercises.
proximal tubule
(456 times)
Nephrology
(172 times)
DT (46 times)
CD (28 times)
Ang II (17 times)
1978 Ischemic damage and repair in the rat proximal tubule: differences among the S1, S2, and S3 segments.
physiotherapy
(408 times)
Neoplasms
(98 times)
OT (35 times)
IMRT (22 times)
OS (14 times)
1981 Inspiratory muscle training compared with physiotherapy in patients with chronic airflow limitation.
peak torque
(397 times)
Physiology
(151 times)
EMG (48 times)
TW (38 times)
RTD (34 times)
1981 Specificity of power improvements through slow and fast isokinetic training.
proficiency testing
(235 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(42 times)
EQA (21 times)
CAP (13 times)
CDC (9 times)
1977 Factors affecting T3 and T4 proficiency testing.
proton transfer
(214 times)
Chemistry
(151 times)
ET (46 times)
PCET (24 times)
HAT (12 times)
1982 Mass-balance approach for estimating transcapillary fluid and protein movement.
10  pars tuberalis
(188 times)
Endocrinology
(95 times)
PD (43 times)
SCN (27 times)
MBH (16 times)
1979 Embryonic development and secretory differentiation in the pars tuberalis of the mouse hypophysis.
11  patellar tendon
(184 times)
Orthopedics
(57 times)
ACL (75 times)
HT (19 times)
MCL (15 times)
1984 Repair and reconstruction of rotatory instability of the knee.
12  parity-time
(181 times)
Optics and Photonics
(74 times)
FT (16 times)
EP (6 times)
EPs (5 times)
1991 Pediatrician's practice choices: differences between part-time and full-time practice.
13  preterm
(171 times)
Pediatrics
(63 times)
FT (69 times)
GA (26 times)
LBW (12 times)
1977 Pituitary-thyroid responsiveness to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in preterm and small-for-gestational age newborns.
14  prothrombin
(167 times)
Vascular Diseases
(34 times)
MTHFR (28 times)
APTT (27 times)
FV (20 times)
1978 Circulating inhibitors of blood coagulation associated with procainamide-induced lupus erythematosus.
15  pyramidal tract
(163 times)
Neurology
(61 times)
DTI (15 times)
IT (15 times)
MLF (9 times)
1967 Short latency activation of pyramidal tract cells by Group I afferent volleys in the cat.
16  phyllodes tumor
(162 times)
Neoplasms
(61 times)
FA (24 times)
CNB (7 times)
DCIS (7 times)
1992 Fine needle aspiration cytology of phyllodes tumor. Potential diagnostic pitfalls.
17  planum temporale
(162 times)
Brain
(48 times)
HG (41 times)
STG (21 times)
fMRI (17 times)
1989 Cerebral asymmetry: MR planimetry of the human planum temporale.
18  permeability transition
(151 times)
Biochemistry
(59 times)
CsA (17 times)
PTP (15 times)
ROS (11 times)
1996 4-Hydroxyhexenal is a potent inducer of the mitochondrial permeability transition.
19  phage type
(146 times)
Communicable Diseases
(53 times)
PFGE (28 times)
SE (8 times)
STEC (5 times)
1988 Salmonella enteritidis phage type 4 infection: association with hen's eggs.
20  primary tumor
(143 times)
Neoplasms
(68 times)
LN (22 times)
OS (22 times)
LNM (14 times)
1990 Chemosensitivity correlation between the primary tumors and simultaneous metastatic lymph nodes of patients evaluated by DNA synthesis inhibition assay.
21  post-treatment
(135 times)
Parasitology
(64 times)
TCBZ (10 times)
p.i (8 times)
TEM (6 times)
1981 Effect of estradiol-17beta on PGF and total protein content in bovine uterine flushings and peripheral plasma concentration of 13, 14-dihydro-15-keto-PGF(2alpha).
22  photothermal
(106 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(18 times)
PA (31 times)
NIR (18 times)
PTT (9 times)
2002 Photothermal monitoring of redox state of respiratory chain in single live cells.
23  pain threshold
(99 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
EA (17 times)
VAS (12 times)
HR (7 times)
1975 Proceedings: Pain threshold (PT) analysis in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip.
24  parent training
(82 times)
Pediatrics
(39 times)
ADHD (20 times)
ASD (11 times)
ATX (7 times)
1993 Parent training for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: its impact on parent functioning.
25  physical training
(75 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
HR (4 times)
LSE (4 times)
VAT (4 times)
0 Continuous One-Arm Kettlebell Swing Training on Physiological Parameters in US Air Force Personnel: A Pilot Study.
26  pulsatile tinnitus
(75 times)
Otolaryngology
(25 times)
SSD (7 times)
IJV (6 times)
SSWA (6 times)
1998 Magnetic Resonance Angiography in Pulsatile Tinnitus: The Role of Anatomical Variations.
27  patellar tendinopathy
(72 times)
Sports Medicine
(43 times)
VISA-P (11 times)
ESWT (8 times)
AT (7 times)
2007 Chronic tendinopathy: effectiveness of eccentric exercise.
28  percutaneous tracheostomy
(58 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
ICU (9 times)
ST (9 times)
ICP (5 times)
1992 Percutaneous tracheostomy/gastrostomy in brain-injured patients--a minimally invasive alternative.
29  patch test
(57 times)
Dermatology
(26 times)
ACD (6 times)
Ni (6 times)
LTT (5 times)
1992 Combination of patch test and IgE for dust mite antigens differentiates 130 patients with atopic dermatitis into four groups.
30  pancreas transplantation
(53 times)
Transplantation
(34 times)
SPK (8 times)
PAK (7 times)
PTA (5 times)
1986 Current status of clinical pancreas transplantation.
31  premature thelarche
(52 times)
Pediatrics
(29 times)
CPP (19 times)
LH (14 times)
PP (12 times)
1989 [The significance and characteristics of the LHRH test in diagnosing precocious puberty development in girls: the stimulated LH/FSH quotient differentiates between central precocious puberty and premature thelarche].
32  pulmonary tuberculosis
(52 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(22 times)
DM (4 times)
AFB (3 times)
ATD (2 times)
1977 A clinical study of Pityriasis versicolor in Madras.
33  peritumoral
(50 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
SLN (14 times)
i.t (13 times)
SA (9 times)
1999 Synergistic antitumour effects of chemo-immunotherapy with an oxazaphosphorine drug and IL-2-secreting cells in a mouse colon cancer model.
34  phosphorothioate
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
R-M (7 times)
ds (5 times)
MP (4 times)
1990 Rapid nuclear accumulation of injected oligodeoxyribonucleotides.
35  parathyroid
(48 times)
Nephrology
(15 times)
PTH (13 times)
HPT (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1975 The detection of transmissible gastroenteritis viral antigens by immunodiffusion.
36  plyometric training
(48 times)
Physiology
(28 times)
CMJ (14 times)
SJ (8 times)
COD (7 times)
2007 Does plyometric training improve vertical jump height? A meta-analytical review.
37  posterior tibial
(44 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
DP (10 times)
AT (3 times)
FDL (3 times)
1981 Endorphins: mechanism of acupuncture analgesia.
38  anti-pertussis toxin
(43 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(23 times)
FHA (15 times)
PRN (10 times)
ELISA (8 times)
1997 Rapid diagnosis of pertussis in young infants: comparison of culture, PCR, and infant's and mother's serology.
39  pulmonary trunk
(40 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
DA (5 times)
PA (5 times)
RV (4 times)
1977 Elastin and collagen accumulation in rabbit ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk during postnatal growth. Correlation of cellular synthetic response with medial tension.
40  photothrombosis
(39 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MRI (6 times)
BrdU (4 times)
GFAP (4 times)
1999 [Polymorphism of GPIIIA platelet glycoprotein gene PIA1/A2 compared to plasma hemostasis in myocardial infarction patients].
41  polythiophene
(38 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
PEDOT (3 times)
DLS (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
1993 Potentiometric response of poly(3-octylthiophene), poly(3-methylthiophene) and polythiophene in aqueous solutions.
42  peak time
(37 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PH (7 times)
TT (6 times)
AT (3 times)
1979 Radiorespirometric analysis of glucose metabolism in the rat during feeding with 3'-methyl-4-(dimethylamino)azobenzene--radiorespirometry after partial hepatectomy.
43  primary thrombocythaemia
(36 times)
Hematology
(28 times)
PV (11 times)
CML (4 times)
ST (4 times)
1975 Megakaryocyte quantifications in relation to thrombokinetics in primary thrombocythaemia and allied diseases.
44  pronator teres
(36 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
FCU (13 times)
FCR (7 times)
BR (6 times)
1979 [Organization of reflex responses elicited in man by muscle stretch applied to uni- and bi-functional muscles].
45  perturbation theory
(33 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
ML (8 times)
ANN (5 times)
PTML (3 times)
2003 Vibrational spectra of furan, pyrrole, and thiophene from a density functional theory anharmonic force field.
46  popliteus tendon
(31 times)
Orthopedics
(17 times)
LCL (18 times)
PFL (13 times)
PLC (11 times)
1986 Posterior instability of the knee joint. An experimental study.
47  perinuclear theca
(30 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(15 times)
PAS (7 times)
ICSI (5 times)
SOAF (3 times)
1995 Distribution and possible role of perinuclear theca proteins during bovine spermiogenesis.
48  phosphene threshold
(30 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
TMS (20 times)
tDCS (5 times)
MT (4 times)
2002 Visual cortex excitability increases during visual mental imagery--a TMS study in healthy human subjects.
49  procedure time
(30 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
FT (12 times)
DAP (5 times)
FB (2 times)
2003 Intracardiac echocardiography is superior to conventional monitoring for guiding device closure of interatrial communications.
50  proximal thoracic
(30 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
MT (24 times)
AIS (23 times)
TL/L (7 times)
2001 Spontaneous proximal thoracic curve correction after isolated fusion of the main thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
51  pterostilbene
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ROS (5 times)
RSV (5 times)
HUVECs (4 times)
2010 Pterostilbene induces autophagy and apoptosis in sensitive and chemoresistant human bladder cancer cells.
52  power training
(28 times)
Geriatrics
(12 times)
ST (9 times)
CMJ (3 times)
CSA (3 times)
1990 Imagery as a Method of Enhancing Transfer From Trailing to Performance.
53  pull-through
(28 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
HD (18 times)
AA (2 times)
AChE (2 times)
1988 Construction of an ileal reservoir in patients with a previous straight endorectal ileal pull-through.
54  perspective taking
(27 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
EC (11 times)
PD (8 times)
IRI (6 times)
1986 Development of knowledge about the appearance-reality distinction.
55  pretreatment
(27 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
Ti (7 times)
SLA (6 times)
TCPS (4 times)
1993 Studies on oral contraceptive-induced changes in blood coagulation and fibrinolysis and the estrogen effect on endothelial cells.
56  pollen tube
(25 times)
Botany
(10 times)
FER (3 times)
FG (3 times)
RLKs (3 times)
2003 Characterization of whole-cell K+ currents across the plasma membrane of pollen grain and tube protoplasts of Lilium longiflorum.
57  piperacillin/tazobactam
(24 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
AKI (4 times)
KDIGO (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1994 Piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections: an open non-comparative and multicentered trial. Latin American Clinical Research Group.
58  post-traumatic
(24 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
OA (12 times)
RA (10 times)
OB (4 times)
1998 Clinical, laboratory and immunogenetic aspects of post-traumatic psoriatic arthritis: a study of 25 patients.
59  pump thrombosis
(24 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
LVAD (10 times)
HMII (5 times)
HR (4 times)
2013 Surgical technique influences HeartMate II left ventricular assist device thrombosis.
60  performance test
(23 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
PLA (6 times)
CON (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1993 Effects of prior exercise or ammonium chloride ingestion on muscular strength and endurance.
61  preventive therapy
(22 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
TB (8 times)
CMV (7 times)
LTBI (6 times)
1997 Tuberculosis prevention among foreign-born persons in Seattle--King County, Washington.
62  putamen
(21 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
Cd (8 times)
GP (6 times)
SN (5 times)
1986 Subcortical correlates of the somatic, auditory and visual vertex activities. II. Referential EEG responses.
63  phenytoin
(20 times)
Drug Therapy
(6 times)
PB (5 times)
VPA (4 times)
CBZ (3 times)
1983 Multiple actions of phenytoin on mouse spinal cord neurons in cell culture.
64  post-thaw
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
SU (4 times)
AI (3 times)
CASA (3 times)
1987 A comparative study of mouse embryo freeze-preservation including the examination of a thermoelectric freezing device.
65  pyrithiamine
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
TDD (7 times)
OT (4 times)
TPP (3 times)
1979 Alterations in uptake and metabolism of aspartate and glutamate in brain of thiamine deficient animals.
66  paclitaxel
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
DT (3 times)
CP (2 times)
PG (2 times)
2004 Non-allergic nature of docetaxel-induced acute hypersensitivity reactions.
67  positional therapy
(18 times)
Psychophysiology
(15 times)
POSA (13 times)
OSA (12 times)
AHI (9 times)
2013 The undervalued potential of positional therapy in position-dependent snoring and obstructive sleep apnea-a review of the literature.
68  pretectum
(18 times)
Brain
(9 times)
SC (6 times)
NRTP (4 times)
VN (3 times)
1980 Firing characteristics of neurons mediating optokinetic responses to rat's vestibular neurons.
69  proximal tibia
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
DF (7 times)
FN (5 times)
BMD (3 times)
1989 New measurement of patellar height in the knees of children using the epiphyseal line midpoint.
70  tracheal pressure
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
LWG (3 times)
Ppa (3 times)
RARs (3 times)
1977 Mechanisms by which histamine stimulates rapidly adapting receptors in dog lungs.
71  pituitary tumors
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
HT (5 times)
DES (3 times)
NBU (3 times)
1980 Synergism of diethylstilbestrol and other carcinogens in concurrent development of hepatic, mammary, and pituitary tumors in castrated male rats.
72  Preferred Term
(17 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
SOC (7 times)
MedDRA (5 times)
HLT (4 times)
2000 The use of a medical dictionary for regulatory activities terminology (MedDRA) in prescription-event monitoring in Japan (J-PEM).
73  palatal tremor
(16 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
EPT (2 times)
OPCA (2 times)
SPT (2 times)
1995 Palatal tremor of cortical origin presenting as epilepsia partialis continua.
74  particle therapy
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
SMPT (2 times)
SOBPs (2 times)
APSs (1 time)
2008 Cost-effectiveness of particle therapy: current evidence and future needs.
75  persimmon tannin
(16 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
PLA2 (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
alpha-Amy (1 time)
2003 Mechanism of gold adsorption by persimmon tannin gel.
76  polytrauma
(16 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ISS (5 times)
HS (4 times)
ICU (2 times)
2000 Polytrauma induces increased expression of pyruvate kinase in neutrophils.
77  post-transplant
(16 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
ABMT (2 times)
MoAb (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1989 Autologous bone marrow transplantation therapy for multiple myeloma.
78  prematurely
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(11 times)
FT (7 times)
SGA (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1980 Macro-mineral content of milk obtained during early lactation from mothers of premature infants.
79  prenasal thickness
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
NBL (11 times)
MoM (5 times)
DS (4 times)
2005 Second trimester ultrasound prenasal thickness combined with nasal bone length: a new method of Down syndrome screening.
80  pressure threshold
(16 times)
Urology
(8 times)
ICI (5 times)
MVP (4 times)
CMG (3 times)
1986 Pressure tolerance over muscles and bones in normal subjects.
81  Parthenolide
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CRC (7 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
Bcl-2 (2 times)
2002 Enhancement of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-induced differentiation of human leukaemia HL-60 cells into monocytes by parthenolide via inhibition of NF-kappa B activity.
82  peroneus tertius
(15 times)
Anatomy
(4 times)
EDL (4 times)
PB (3 times)
AH (1 time)
1981 Anatomy and therapeutic resection of the peroneus tertius muscle in a foal.
83  pharmacotherapy
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CBT (3 times)
CT (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1998 Cognitive behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy: complementary or contradictory approaches to the treatment of anxiety?
84  phosphate transporter
(15 times)
Botany
(10 times)
Pi (4 times)
AE (2 times)
AM (2 times)
2000 Plastidic metabolite transporters and their physiological functions in the inducible crassulacean acid metabolism plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum.
85  physiological tremor
(15 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ET (4 times)
EMD (3 times)
ACC (2 times)
1982 Physiological action tremor of the ankle.
86  piezoelectric transformer
(15 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(12 times)
AC (2 times)
DC (2 times)
APPJ (1 time)
2003 Integration of a piezoelectric transformer and an ultrasonic motor.
87  posttransplantation
(15 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
SCr (2 times)
TAC (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
1979 Menstrual disturbances in chronic renal failure.
88  parallel tempering
(14 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
MCMC (2 times)
BSPT (1 time)
CST (1 time)
2001 A probabilistic solution to the MEG inverse problem via MCMC methods: the reversible jump and parallel tempering algorithms.
89  phase transition
(14 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
AT (1 time)
CCSN (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
1993 [Salt-induced critical type phase transition in a water-protein matrix of serum albumin molecules].
90  pneumotachograph
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
PEF (4 times)
ATS (3 times)
MFEM (2 times)
1981 Evaluation of a new piston-type spirometer.
91  prenyltransferase
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
TC (3 times)
TPS (3 times)
DMAPP (2 times)
2004 Chalcone dimethylallyltransferase from Morus nigra cell cultures. Substrate specificity studies.
92  progeny testing
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
AI (3 times)
GS (3 times)
CN (1 time)
1993 On the use of marker information from granddaughter designs.
93  ProTaper
(14 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
TF (7 times)
NiTi (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
2003 Influence of torque control motors and the operator's proficiency on ProTaper failures.
94  provocation tests
(14 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AL (4 times)
ALT (4 times)
CV (4 times)
1977 Diagnosis of reaginic allergy with house dust, animal dander and pollen allergens in adult patients. II. A comparison between skin tests and provocation tests.
95  psychotherapy
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
AT (2 times)
HAD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1989 [Verbalization of the therapeutic relationship in focal-psychoanalytic and client-centered psychotherapy. A content analytic study from the Hamburg comparative brief psychotherapy experiment].
96  public transport
(14 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
BAU (2 times)
PA (2 times)
apps (1 time)
2016 The effects of extended public transport operating hours and venue lockout policies on drinking-related harms in Melbourne, Australia: Results from SimDrink, an agent-based simulation model.
97  pure tone
(14 times)
Audiology
(7 times)
FM (3 times)
AM (2 times)
CAEPs (2 times)
1987 Effect of warble-tone frequency deviation on threshold measurement in cases with sloping audiometric configurations.
98  palatine tonsils
(13 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
CT (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AHI (1 time)
1988 Immunopathological alterations in tonsillar disease.
99  periodontal treatment
(13 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
PD (3 times)
aPDT (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
2009 Lack of short-term adjunctive effect of systemic neridronate in non-surgical periodontal therapy of advanced generalized chronic periodontitis: an open label-randomized clinical trial.
100  phage therapy
(13 times)
Virology
(4 times)
AAS (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2010 The perspectives of the application of phage therapy in chronic bacterial prostatitis.