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Abbreviation: PTB
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Long forms: 131

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
preterm birth
(1357 times)
Obstetrics
(383 times)
LBW (257 times)
CI (176 times)
SGA (171 times)
1986 Birth-weight patterns in aboriginal and non-aboriginal singleton adolescent births in Western Australia, 1979-83.
pulmonary tuberculosis
(1254 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(345 times)
TB (206 times)
HIV (89 times)
EPTB (81 times)
1975 Tuberculin reaction in adult Nigerians with sputum-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.
pulmonary TB
(355 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(94 times)
TB (268 times)
EPTB (68 times)
CI (30 times)
1997 The pattern of tuberculosis in Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi: 1986-1995.
polypyrimidine tract-binding protein
(311 times)
Molecular Biology
(103 times)
IRES (53 times)
HCV (23 times)
RRMs (13 times)
1991 Murine polypyrimidine tract binding protein. Purification, cloning, and mapping of the RNA binding domain.
phosphotyrosine binding
(303 times)
Biochemistry
(117 times)
SH2 (53 times)
PH (36 times)
APP (30 times)
1994 An alternative to SH2 domains for binding tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins.
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
(102 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(44 times)
ECG (5 times)
NPL (5 times)
NIST (4 times)
1959 [Beginning of structural testing of electrical hearing aids by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB)].
paratuberculosis
(51 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
MAP (27 times)
TB (6 times)
IFN-gamma (3 times)
1998 Factors associated with seroprevalence to Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in small-ruminant farms in the Madrid region (Spain).
patellar-tendon-bearing
(35 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(19 times)
TSB (4 times)
FE (2 times)
FSR (2 times)
1970 Variants of the PTB (patellar-tendon-bearing) below-knee prosthesis.
polypyrimidine tract binding
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
PNC (2 times)
RBPs (2 times)
RRM (2 times)
1996 The polypyrimidine tract binding (PTB) protein interacts with single-stranded DNA in a sequence-specific manner.
10  phosphotyrosine-binding domain
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
SH2 (5 times)
APP (3 times)
EGFR (2 times)
1995 The phosphotyrosine interaction domain of SHC recognizes tyrosine-phosphorylated NPXY motif.
11  photochemical tissue bonding
(23 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
RB (7 times)
HAM (5 times)
LSCD (2 times)
2002 Enhancement of porcine skin graft adherence using a light-activated process.
12  pentobarbital
(19 times)
Brain
(7 times)
AMB (3 times)
DZP (3 times)
MDL (3 times)
1975 Pentobarbital and contraction of vascular smooth muscle.
13  pulmonary tuberculosis patients
(16 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
HHC (5 times)
ELISA (2 times)
HCs (2 times)
2006 Diagnostic associations between pleural and pulmonary tuberculosis.
14  N-phenacylthiazolium bromide
(14 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AGEs (4 times)
AGE (3 times)
AG (2 times)
1996 An agent cleaving glucose-derived protein crosslinks in vitro and in vivo.
15  pulmonary TB patients
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
HHC (5 times)
LTBI (5 times)
TB (5 times)
2000 Evaluation of a unified treatment regimen for all new cases of tuberculosis using guardian-based supervision.
16  pulmonary trunk banding
(11 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
RV (8 times)
CI (1 time)
CYPred (1 time)
2004 Hepatic response to right ventricular pressure overload.
17  peritoneal tuberculosis
(8 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2006 Value of adenosine deaminase (ADA) in ascitic fluid for the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis: a meta-analysis.
18  patellar tendon bone
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ACL (3 times)
ACLR (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1994 The effects of 4 Mrad of gamma irradiation on the initial mechanical properties of bone-patellar tendon-bone grafts.
19  phyllodes tumors of the breast
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
LR (2 times)
ART (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
2004 [Management of phyllodes tumors of the breast at the National institute of oncology of Rabat, Morocco].
20  Permian-Triassic boundary
(6 times)
Science
(3 times)
IDPs (1 time)
Li (1 time)
PTBME (1 time)
2001 Impact event at the Permian-Triassic boundary: evidence from extraterrestrial noble gases in fullerenes.
21  posttonsillectomy bleeding
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
ED (1 time)
PFAs (1 time)
PTT (1 time)
2008 Post-tonsillectomy bleeding: a regional hospital experience.
22  premature birth
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NPTB (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
EONS (1 time)
2011 Developmental exposure to TCDD reduces fertility and negatively affects pregnancy outcomes across multiple generations.
23  patella-tendon bearing
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
ICEROSS (1 time)
PCAST (1 time)
2001 Moisture permeability of the total surface bearing prosthetic socket with a silicone liner: is it superior to the patella-tendon bearing prosthetic socket?
24  plasma total bilirubin
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
COHbc (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
G6PD (1 time)
2006 Post-phototherapy neonatal bilirubin rebound: a potential cause of significant hyperbilirubinaemia.
25  posterior tracheal band
(5 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CT (1 time)
1975 The posterior tracheal band: a reflector of local superior mediastinal abnormality.
26  powered toothbrush
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
FM (4 times)
IP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
2000 Testing the efficacy of plaque removal of a prototype brush head for a powered toothbrush.
27  probe-to-bone
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
DFIs (1 time)
DFOs (1 time)
2007 Probe-to-bone test for diagnosing diabetic foot osteomyelitis: reliable or relic?
28  pTyr-binding
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
pTyr (4 times)
SH2 (2 times)
IL-3 (1 time)
2000 The shc adaptor protein forms interdependent phosphotyrosine-mediated protein complexes in mast cells stimulated with interleukin 3.
29  partial thickness burns
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
DPTB (1 time)
FTB (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
1986 Assessing burn wound depth using in vitro nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).
30  Pneumatic trabecular bypass
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOP (1 time)
PCG (1 time)
SD 0.97 (1 time)
2010 Pneumatic trabecular bypass (PTB): pilot study.
31  Probability of Treatment Benefit
(3 times)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
(1 time)
TTM (1 time)
2012 Predicting psychotherapy benefit: a probabilistic and individualized approach.
32  protein tyrosine binding
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
IL (2 times)
huIL-4 (1 time)
I4R motif (1 time)
1997 Growth and differentiation signals regulated by the M-CSF receptor.
33  9-phosphatriptycene-10-phenylborate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Fusing triphenylphosphine with tetraphenylborate: introducing the 9-phosphatriptycene-10-phenylborate (PTB) anion.
34  n-propyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
--- 1969 Separation and solvent extraction of vanadium and uranium with n-propyl 2,3,4-trihydroxybenzoate.
35  pancreatic tuberculosis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CE-EUS (1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
1999 Tuberculous pancreatic abscess in HIV-positive patients. A report of 3 cases and a review of the literature.
36  partial transmission block
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
GCT (1 time)
NGGCT (1 time)
1992 Intracranial germ cell tumours: II. The application of a partial transmission block technique to reduce late morbidity.
37  Pass the Baton
(2 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
KT (1 time)
NoMAD (1 time)
NPT (1 time)
2017 Unlocking the "black box" of practice improvement strategies to implement surgical safety checklists: a process evaluation.
38  peachtree borer
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LPTB (1 time)
Say (1 time)
1981 Air permeation tests with (Z,Z)-3,13-octadecadien-1-ol acetate for reduction in trap catch of peachtree and lesser peachtree borer moths.
39  Penn Treebank
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LSTM (2 times)
BPC (1 time)
DCLSTM (1 time)
2018 A New Delay Connection for Long Short-Term Memory Networks.
40  percutaneous transhepatic biliary
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
DAP (2 times)
2006 Radiation dose and risk from fluoroscopically guided percutaneous transhepatic biliary procedures.
41  peritumoural budding
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ITB (2 times)
CRC (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2016 Impact of peritumoral and intratumoral budding in esophageal adenocarcinomas.
42  pertussis toxin B oligomer
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
H1N1 (1 time)
HI (1 time)
rS2 (1 time)
1994 Enhancing effects of pertussis toxin B oligomer on the immunogenicity of influenza vaccine administered intranasally.
43  phototrophic bacteria
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Chol (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
TCE (1 time)
1990 Hypocholesterolemic effect of phototrophic bacterial cells in rats.
44  platybasia
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ARCH (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
AACNN (1 time)
1996 [Platybasia, basilar groove, odontoid process and kinking of the brainstem: a common etiology with idiopathic syringomyelia, scoliosis and Chiari malformations].
45  ponatinib
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Cr RH 40 (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2015 Micellar Enhanced Spectrofluorimetric Method for the Determination of Ponatinib in Human Plasma and Urine via Cremophor RH 40 as Sensing Agent.
46  post-thyroidectomy bleeding
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
OTS (1 time)
2014 Risk factors target in patients with post-thyroidectomy bleeding.
47  potassium taurine bicarbonate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Rationale for a novel nutraceutical complex 'K-water': potassium taurine bicarbonate (PTB).
48  potassium tetraborate
(2 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
HA-HAase (1 time)
2011 Estimation of serum hyaluronidase activity overcoming the turbidity interference.
49  pre-tailbud
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1995 Involvement of differential gene expression and mRNA stability in the developmental regulation of the hsp 30 gene family in heat-shocked Xenopus laevis embryos.
50  preterm births with intact membranes
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OS (2 times)
pPROM (2 times)
CSE (1 time)
2012 Short fetal leukocyte telomere length and preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes.
51  pretreatment biopsy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2003 Comparison of DNA content parameters in paired, fresh tissue pretreatment biopsies and surgical resections from squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
52  pterostilbene
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CK-MB (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2017 Protective Effects of Pterostilbene Against Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats.
53  pyrimidinyl-thiobenzoate
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
IMI (2 times)
SU (2 times)
TP (2 times)
2014 Different cross-resistance patterns to AHAS herbicides of two tribenuron-methyl resistant flixweed (Descurainiasophia L.) biotypes in China.
54  2-(2-propylthiol)benzyl
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PSB (1 time)
2015 Interrupted Pummerer Reaction in Latent-Active Glycosylation: Glycosyl Donors with a Recyclable and Regenerative Leaving Group.
55  3-(4-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)benzo(d)isoxazole
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
2015 Synthesis of 1,2-benzisoxazole tethered 1,2,3-triazoles that exhibit anticancer activity in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines by inhibiting histone deacetylases, and inducing p21 and tubulin acetylation.
56  braces--patellar tendon bearing
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1967 [Trial of new types of braces--patellar tendon bearing (PTB) brace and femoral brace with quadrilateral socket].
57  o-phenylthioureidobenzoic acid
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
A-2-PTU (1 time)
ATB (1 time)
ATUS (1 time)
2002 Radioprotective effect of novel disubstituted thioureas on pea (Pisum sativum L.) development.
58  Paediatric tuberculosis
(1 time)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
CIDG SR (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2019 Paediatric tuberculosis diagnosis using Mycobacterium tuberculosis real-time polymerase chain reaction assay: protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.
59  pancreatic tissue bank
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2008 Development of an integrated biospecimen bank and multidisciplinary clinical database for pancreatic cancer.
60  Papulonecrotic tuberculid
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Papulonecrotic tuberculid].
61  paraspinous tension band
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ODI (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2015 Decompression and paraspinous tension band: a novel treatment method for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis.
62  parental tumor bearing
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ITB (1 time)
1994 Functional defects are associated with abnormal signal transduction in T cells of mice inoculated with parental but not IL-2 secreting tumor cells.
63  particularly those born preterm
(1 time)
LBW (1 time)
2020 Early postnatal hypoferremia in low birthweight and preterm babies: A prospective cohort study in hospital-delivered Gambian neonates.
64  particularly valuable in pulmonary cases
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Unsuccessful treatment in pulmonary tuberculosis: factors and a consequent predictive model.
65  patient-tailored bolus
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBT (1 time)
PMRT (1 time)
2019 Heart-sparing radiotherapy with three-dimensional printing technology after mastectomy for patients with left breast cancer.
66  patients treated with pentobarbital
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
RSE (1 time)
1999 Depth of EEG suppression and outcome in barbiturate anesthetic treatment for refractory status epilepticus.
67  penile tumescence at the base
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DNS (1 time)
VPT (1 time)
1998 Rigiscan evaluation of specific nervous impairment in patients with diabetes and erectile disorders.
68  pentobarbital calcium
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
1999 [Methods of sleep induction for EEG recordings: comparison between three hypnotics and natural sleep].
69  percentage of teen births
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
TBR (1 time)
1998 Utility of percentage of births to teenagers as a surrogate for the teen birth rate.
70  percentage of trabecular area or bone marrow area
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BALP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2013 Synergistic antiosteoporotic effect of Lepidium sativum and alendronate in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in Wistar rats.
71  percentage of trabecular bone
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EGb (1 time)
PAB (1 time)
2010 Evidences of osteoporosis improvement in Wistar rats treated with Ginkgo biloba extract: a histomorphometric study of mandible and femur.
72  Percutaneous Transthoracic Biopsies
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CNB (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
SCLC (1 time)
2006 CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic biopsy in the evaluation of undetermined pulmonary lesions.
73  percutaneous tumor biopsies
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BEAUTY (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
PDXs (1 time)
2017 Establishing and characterizing patient-derived xenografts using pre-chemotherapy percutaneous biopsy and post-chemotherapy surgical samples from a prospective neoadjuvant breast cancer study.
74  peripheral transverse bars
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
OSB (1 time)
2019 Evaluating the effectiveness of perceptual treatments on sharp curves: a driving simulator study.
75  peripheral tumor buds
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CB (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
2015 High tumor budding stratifies breast cancer with metastatic properties.
76  Peritoneal TB
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CT-OR (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2019 Differentiation of peritoneal tuberculosis from peritoneal carcinomatosis by the Omental Rim sign. A new sign on contrast enhanced multidetector computed tomography.
77  peritubal block
(1 time)
ICB (1 time)
PCN (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
2019 Efficacy of intercostal nerve block with 0.25% bupivacaine in percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A prospective randomized clinical trial.
78  persistence, toxicity and bioaccumulative properties
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
RIRA (1 time)
2002 Comparison of two screening level risk assessment approaches for six disinfectants and pharmaceuticals.
79  Pettigrew temporal bone
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CTB (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2014 Feasibility of a synthetic temporal bone for training in mastoidectomy: face, content, and concurrent validity.
80  pharyngeal tuberculosis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2001 Pharyngeal tuberculosis.
81  phenyl-thiazolyl-benzoic acid derivative
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
APL (1 time)
2019 Identification and characterization of a phenyl-thiazolyl-benzoic acid derivative as a novel RAR/RXR agonist.
82  PHOSPHATE TRANSPORTER B
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PHT1 (1 time)
Pi (1 time)
2017 Functional PTB phosphate transporters are present in streptophyte algae and early diverging land plants.
83  photoactivated tissue bonding
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Light-activated tissue bonding for excisional wound closure: a split-lesion clinical trial.
84  Physical Trade Balance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
DOP (1 time)
2009 Establishment and applied research on environmental sustainability assessment indicators in Taiwan.
85  Pietersburg
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Provision of an emergency theatre in tertiary hospitals is cost-effective: Audit and cost of cancelled planned elective general surgical operations at Pietersburg Hospital, Limpopo Province, South Africa.
86  piloted by Physikalisch-Technische
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2018 Intercomparison of far-infrared transmittance measurements.
87  pine tree biochar
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BAF (1 time)
KW (1 time)
PPB (1 time)
2019 Eisenia fetida and biochar synergistically alleviate the heavy metals content during valorization of biosolids via enhancing vermicompost quality.
88  piperacillin+tazobactam
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
AKN (1 time)
IPM (1 time)
SUL (1 time)
1996 In vitro bactericidal effect of a beta-lactam+aminoglycoside combination against multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii.
89  Pixel to Block
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
ISBS (1 time)
2017 Hiding clinical information in medical images: A new high capacity and reversible data hiding technique.
90  plate to bone
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CTP (1 time)
TKA (1 time)
2020 Analysis of the fit of modern pre-contoured distal femur plates: Expect an imperfect contour.
91  platinum thymine blue
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1982 Teratogenic action of platinum thymine blue.
92  pleural TB
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FADA (1 time)
FP (1 time)
NTPEs (1 time)
2014 High pleural fluid adenosine deaminase levels: a valuable tool for rapid diagnosis of pleural TB in a middle-income country with a high TB/HIV burden.
93  poly(thiopheneboronic acid)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Control of self-assembled morphology and molecular packing of asymmetric glycolipids by association/dissociation with poly(thiopheneboronic acid).
94  poly(toluidine blue O)
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
FIA (1 time)
GOx (1 time)
2017 Tear glucose detection combining microfluidic thread based device, amperometric biosensor and microflow injection analysis.
95  poly-thienothiophene-benzodithiophene
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BHJ (1 time)
P3HT (1 time)
2018 Electronic structure theory gives insights into the higher efficiency of the PTB electron-donor polymers for organic photovoltaics in comparison with prototypical P3HT.
96  post-oral transverse ciliary band
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NOS (1 time)
POVL (1 time)
2009 Sniffing out new data and hypotheses on the form, function, and evolution of the echinopluteus post-oral vibratile lobe.
97  post-tetanic burst
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
PTT (1 time)
1995 Post-tetanic burst: a new monitoring method for intense neuromuscular block.
98  post-treatment TB
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CDC (1 time)
DOTS (1 time)
PYO (1 time)
2015 Survival and associated mortality risk factors among post-treatment pulmonary tubercolosis patients in the northwest of China.
99  potential to distinguish paratuberculosis
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2010 The use of MPB70 and MPB83 to distinguish between bovine tuberculosis and paratuberculosis.
100  powered toothbrush used with the InterCare brush head
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ADA (1 time)
GBI (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2019 A Comparison of the Effects of a Powered and Manual Toothbrush on Gingivitis and Plaque: A Randomized Parallel Clinical Trial.