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Abbreviation: PTL
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Long forms: 117

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
preterm labor
(364 times)
Obstetrics
(157 times)
PPROM (64 times)
PTB (45 times)
IAI (32 times)
1981 Maternal morbidity associated with isoxsuprine and terbutaline tocolysis.
parthenolide
(85 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
AML (11 times)
NF-kappaB (9 times)
ROS (7 times)
2002 The sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide inhibits LPS- but not TNF-alpha-induced maturation of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells by inhibition of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.
Primary thyroid lymphoma
(60 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
DLBCL (17 times)
MALT (13 times)
HT (8 times)
1988 Parafollicular C-cell hyperplasia. Report of three cases in primary thyroid lymphomas.
Primary testicular lymphoma
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DLBCL (10 times)
OS (8 times)
CNS (7 times)
0 [Primary testicular lymphoma].
peripheral T-cell lymphoma
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
AILD (3 times)
CTCL (3 times)
HD (3 times)
1985 Peripheral T-cell lymphoma: aggressive disease with heterogeneous immunotypes.
pancreatic triglyceride lipase
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
CEL (5 times)
PLRP2 (3 times)
ABC (1 time)
1998 Decreased neonatal dietary fat absorption and T cell cytotoxicity in pancreatic lipase-related protein 2-deficient mice.
preterm labor and intact membranes
(18 times)
Perinatology
(9 times)
AF (8 times)
IAI (8 times)
acute-HCA (4 times)
1997 Early neonatal nucleated erythrocyte counts in preterm deliveries: clinical and pathologic correlations.
primary tumor location
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
mCRC (6 times)
OS (6 times)
HR (5 times)
2017 The relevance of primary tumour location in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer: A meta-analysis of first-line clinical trials.
PETAL LOSS
(11 times)
Botany
(4 times)
JAG (3 times)
AS1 and AS2 (1 time)
BOP (1 time)
2004 PETAL LOSS, a trihelix transcription factor gene, regulates perianth architecture in the Arabidopsis flower.
10  phase-transited lysozyme
(11 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
Ti (4 times)
HA (3 times)
LbL (3 times)
2016 Titanium Surface Priming with Phase-Transited Lysozyme to Establish a Silver Nanoparticle-Loaded Chitosan/Hyaluronic Acid Antibacterial Multilayer via Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly.
11  platelets
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Hb (2 times)
WBC (2 times)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
1987 A new antitumor antibiotic, FR-900482. IV. Hematological toxicity in mice.
12  patellar tendon length
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
IPFP (4 times)
TKA (4 times)
KSS (3 times)
2014 Trans-patella tendon approach for domed lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty does not increase the risk of patella tendon shortening.
13  pharyngeo-tracheal lumen
(6 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
BLS (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
EMTs (1 time)
1984 The pharyngeo-tracheal lumen airway: preliminary investigation of a new adjunct.
14  posterior temporal lobe
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IFG (4 times)
ATL (3 times)
SH (2 times)
2010 Time change of perceptual reversal of ambiguous figures by rTMS.
15  primary total laryngectomy
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
STL (4 times)
STL-pRT (2 times)
DFS (1 time)
2005 Postoperative complications of salvage total laryngectomy.
16  pancreatic triacylglycerol lipase
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
WAT (3 times)
5'-UTRs (1 time)
LTRs (1 time)
2001 Expression of a chimeric retroviral-lipase mRNA confers enhanced lipolysis in a hibernating mammal.
17  peritoneal leukocytes
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
CART (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2002 Effect of morphine on thioglycollate-induced peritonitis in chickens.
18  photoswitchable tethered ligand
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DARs (1 time)
GABAARs (1 time)
GPCRs (1 time)
2013 A red-shifted, fast-relaxing azobenzene photoswitch for visible light control of an ionotropic glutamate receptor.
19  Pinellia ternata lectin
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
ACh (2 times)
MEPP (1 time)
1985 Radioimmunoassay of Pinellia ternata lectin.
20  pressure-threshold loading
(4 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DF (2 times)
HR (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
2018 Sex differences in diaphragmatic fatigue: the cardiovascular response to inspiratory resistance.
21  paratumorous liver
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HCC (3 times)
AIB1 (1 time)
MBD2 (1 time)
2012 AIB1 as an independent prognostic marker in hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatic resection.
22  perinatal telencephalic leucoencephalopathy
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GL (1 time)
HAGL (1 time)
1973 Are hypertrophic astrocytes a sufficient criterion of perinatal telencephalic leucoencephalopathy?
23  phentolamine
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
alpha-AR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
NTG (1 time)
1985 Vasodilator drugs in patients with chronic ischaemic heart failure.
24  Placental transmogrification of the lung
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2008 Placental transmogrification of the lung presenting as giant bullae with soft-fatty components.
25  post transplant lymphocele
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2001 Post-transplant lymphomas: a 20-year epidemiologic, clinical and pathologic study in a single center.
26  pre-test likelihood
(3 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
DF (1 time)
FFRCT (1 time)
1990 An evaluation of oligoclonal banding and CSF IgG index in the diagnosis of neurosyphilis.
27  precursors of T-lymphocytes
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
HSC (1 time)
in vitro (1 time)
THGF (1 time)
1985 [Postirradiation dynamics of T-lymphocyte precursors and thymus regeneration in mice].
28  premature labour
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
IRDS (1 time)
IUD (1 time)
IVH (1 time)
1991 Adverse foetal outcome in specific IgM positive Chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnancy.
29  premature tooth loss
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ARR (3 times)
IRR (3 times)
PCO (3 times)
2017 The risk of healing complications in primary teeth with extrusive or lateral luxation-A retrospective cohort study.
30  proximal tubular length
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GV (2 times)
SNGFR (2 times)
DI (1 time)
1981 ADH-dependent nephron heterogeneity in rats with hereditary hypothalamic diabetes insipidus.
31  percutaneous transhepatic lymphosonography
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 Percutaneous transhepatic lymphography method to image and treat intra-abdominal lymph node metastasis in patients with unresectable hepatobiliary pancreatic cancer.
32  peripheral blood lymphocytes
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1981 Specificities and some properties of human T and B lymphocyte antisera.
33  peripheral T-cell lymphoma unspecified
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AITL (1 time)
CLL/SLL (1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
2002 Neoplastic T cells in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma express CD10.
34  peritumoral lymphocytic
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRC (2 times)
MMR (1 time)
2014 Invasion pattern and histologic features of tumor aggressiveness correlate with MMR protein expression, but are independent of activating KRAS and BRAF mutations in CRC.
35  Pharyngeal Tracheal Lumen Airway
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
EGTA (1 time)
EMAs (1 time)
EOA (1 time)
1993 Invasive airway techniques in resuscitation.
36  planning target length
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CTL (2 times)
ASL (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2000 How long is enough? Defining the treatment length in endovascular brachytherapy.
37  preterm labour and delivery
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
IUD (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
PPROM (1 time)
2001 Histological chorioamnionitis in relation to clinical presentation at 14-40 weeks of gestation.
38  preterm spontaneous labour group
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ICAM-1 (2 times)
CST (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1999 Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in choriodecidua with labour and delivery at term and preterm.
39  preterm-labour
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
E-PE (1 time)
EVTs (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2017 Prediction of Delivery in Women with Threatening Preterm Labour using Phosphorylated Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-1 and Cervical Length using Transvaginal Ultrasound.
40  primary lymphoma of the thyroid gland
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
DLBCL (2 times)
CT (1 time)
FDG-PET (1 time)
2000 A reassessment of primary thyroid lymphoma: high-grade MALT-type lymphoma as a distinct subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
41  primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
cRT (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2014 Rituximab plus a CHOP-like regimen, central nervous system prophylaxis, and contralateral testicular irradiation for localized primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma lead to prolonged progression-free survival.
42  Progressive threshold loading
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
Pth (1 time)
TI (1 time)
1998 The effects of learning on the ventilatory responses to inspiratory threshold loading.
43  protease treated lignin
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CEL (2 times)
AIL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2010 The effect of isolated lignins, obtained from a range of pretreated lignocellulosic substrates, on enzymatic hydrolysis.
44  pulse train
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
PN (2 times)
CIM (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1997 [Study on the recognition and evolutionary genetics of the courtship song of species in Drosphila nasuta species subgroup].
45  1,10-phenanthroline
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DPD (1 time)
HQL (1 time)
1989 Inactivation of botulinum and tetanus toxins by chelators.
46  P.trimera leaf
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant and Anti-proliferative Capacities of Dried Leaf and Its Extract from Xao tam phan (Paramignya trimera).
47  paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and full-dose lapatinib
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
2016 A Pilot Study of Dose-Dense Paclitaxel With Trastuzumab and Lapatinib for Node-negative HER2-Overexpressed Breast Cancer.
48  paraarticular tissue lesions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2017 [Local injection therapy of damage of paraarticular tissue].
49  parameters: the length of a pulse train
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
CN (1 time)
IPI (1 time)
1987 THE GENETIC BASIS OF EVOLUTION OF THE MALE COURTSHIP SOUNDS IN THE DROSOPHILA VIRILIS GROUP.
50  parathyroid tissue or lesions
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
PTH-r (1 time)
2008 Parathyroid hormone assay in fine-needle aspirate is useful in differentiating inadvertently sampled parathyroid tissue from thyroid lesions.
51  parieto-temporal lobes
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
MTL (1 time)
PCG (1 time)
2007 Partial volume effect-corrected FDG PET and grey matter volume loss in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease.
52  partial tibia length
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1983 A morphological study of the development of the tibial proximal epiphysis and growth plate of normal and dwarfed Snell mice.
53  pass-transistor logic
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CNT (1 time)
FETs (1 time)
2012 Carbon nanotube field-effect transistors for use as pass transistors in integrated logic gates and full subtractor circuits.
54  passively targeted liposomes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FTL (1 time)
2010 Experimental anticancer therapy with vascular-disruptive peptide and liposome-entrapped chemotherapeutic agent.
55  patellar tendon load
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TPA (2 times)
CrCL (1 time)
CrTT (1 time)
2011 Ex vivo biomechanical evaluation of the canine cranial cruciate ligament-deficient stifle with varying angles of stifle joint flexion and axial loads after tibial tuberosity advancement.
56  patulin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2011 Preparation and characterization of a molecularly imprinted polymer by grafting on silica supports: a selective sorbent for patulin toxin.
57  PCM and TAT co-modified liposome
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
MCs (1 time)
PL (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2017 PCM and TAT co-modified liposome with improved myocardium delivery: in vitro and in vivo evaluations.
58  Peer-assisted teaching and learning
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Student perception of peer teaching and learning in pathology: A qualitative analysis of modified seminars, fishbowls, and interactive classroom activities.
59  pentaerythritol
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FA-PEG (1 time)
2011 Folate-conjugated amphiphilic star-shaped block copolymers as targeted nanocarriers.
60  peptidyl transferase loop
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
LSR (1 time)
1993 Domain V of Giardia lamblia large-subunit rRNA: structure of the peptidyl transferase loop from an early-branching eukaryote and correlation with antibiotic sensitivity.
61  percentage of total leukocytes
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
NEU (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2012 Impact of Pichia guilliermondii on sow, litter, and weaned pig immune performance.
62  percutaneous transthoracic localization
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
VATS (1 time)
2016 Percutaneous transthoracic localization of pulmonary nodules under C-arm cone-beam CT virtual navigation guidance.
63  periodontitis-related tooth loss
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Natural history of periodontitis: Disease progression and tooth loss over 40years.
64  peritumoral lymphatic vessels
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
ITL (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2014 Lymphangiogenesis in early and advanced gastric cancer: is there any difference?
65  Peritumoral lymphatics
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ITL (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
2013 The clinical significance of lymphangiogenesis in renal cell carcinoma.
66  peritumoral tissue
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
CHB (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2013 Gradually increased Golgi protein 73 expression in the progression of benign liver diseases to precancerous lesions and hepatocellular carcinoma correlates with prognosis of patients.
67  peritumoural
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRCa (1 time)
ISL (1 time)
ITL (1 time)
2018 The Impact of Immune Interaction on the Metastatic Infiltration of Colorectal Carcinoma to Lymph Nodes.
68  pharyngolaryngectomy
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Possible factors influencing rehabilitation of the total laryngectomy patient using esophageal speech].
69  phase transition layer
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
TBC (1 time)
TGO (1 time)
2016 Study on Stress Development in the Phase Transition Layer of Thermal Barrier Coatings.
70  phoenix tree leaf
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BMP (1 time)
2020 Enhancement of anaerobic digestion of phoenix tree leaf by mild alkali pretreatment: Optimization by Taguchi orthogonal design and semi-continuous operation.
71  phosphothreonine lyase
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MVP (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2018 Edwardsiella ictaluri type III secretion system (T3SS) effector EseN is a phosphothreonine lyase that inactivates ERK1/2.
72  Piceatannol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
AhRLBD (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
2018 Comparative analysis of interactions between aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand binding domain with its ligands: a computational study.
73  Plasma testosterone levels
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Tre (1 time)
1984 Exercise and temperature effects on human sperm production and testosterone levels.
74  plasma-treated liquids
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Transport and accumulation of plasma generated species in aqueous solution.
75  Plasmacytoid T-cell lymphoma
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Additional evidence that "plasmacytoid T-cell lymphoma" associated with chronic myeloproliferative disorders is of macrophage/monocyte origin.
76  platelet count
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
--- 2000 Coagulation system and platelets are fully activated in uncomplicated sepsis.
77  player's training load
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
SSGs (1 time)
TAc (1 time)
2018 Associations between wellness and internal and external load variables in two intermittent small-sided soccer games.
78  pleomorphic small- or medium- and large-cell T-cell lymphomas
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ALCL (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
mpf (1 time)
1994 Presence of Epstein-Barr virus in extranodal T-cell lymphomas: differences in relation to site.
79  plus lapatinib
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2010 Dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by weekly paclitaxel with trastuzumab and lapatinib in HER2/neu-overexpressed/amplified breast cancer is not feasible because of excessive diarrhea.
80  Polar Training Loads
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
NCAA (1 time)
2017 Laboratory and Match Physiological Data From an Elite Male Collegiate Soccer Athlete.
81  pollen tube length
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Coconut (Cocos nucifera l.) pollen cryopreservation.
82  Polygonum tinctorium Lour
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2020 Treatment with indigo plant (Polygonum tinctorium Lour) improves serum lipid profiles in Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet.
83  Post transplant leukopenia
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2014 Blood disorders after kidney transplantation.
84  Post-termination-like
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
EF-G (1 time)
IF1 (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2008 Complementary roles of initiation factor 1 and ribosome recycling factor in 70S ribosome splitting.
85  post-transplant T-cell lymphoma
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
PTLD (1 time)
2008 Successful treatment of a child with late-onset T-cell post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder/lymphoma.
86  posterior mesial temporal lobe
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ATL (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2004 Quantitative proton MR spectroscopic imaging of the mesial temporal lobe.
87  posterior talocalcaneal ligament
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2020 An inconspicuous stabilizer of the subtalar joint: MR arthrographic anatomy of the posterior talocalcaneal ligament.
88  posttemporal lobectomy
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
FER (1 time)
MTLE (1 time)
2013 A more realistic approach, using dynamic stimuli, to test facial emotion recognition impairment in temporal lobe epilepsy.
89  potentially treatable lesions
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1990 The contribution of computerized tomography to the differential diagnosis of confusion in elderly patients.
90  pretectothalamic lamina
(1 time)
Neuroanatomy
(1 time)
APT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2016 Organization of the Zone of Transition between the Pretectum and the Thalamus, with Emphasis on the Pretectothalamic Lamina.
91  preterm birth following spontaneous onset of labor
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Trends in twin preterm birth subtypes in the United States, 1989 through 2000: impact on perinatal mortality.
92  preterm delivery
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
PTHrP (1 time)
1995 Immunoreactive parathyroid hormone-related protein: its association with preterm labor.
93  preterm-laboring
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
MTD (1 time)
2007 Identification of human term and preterm labor using artificial neural networks on uterine electromyography data.
94  Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the testis
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
2008 Primary testicular lymphoma.
95  Primary testicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
R-CHOP (1 time)
2012 Primary testicular lymphoma.
96  primary thyroid gland lymphoma
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
HT (1 time)
MALT (1 time)
2015 Coexistence of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma With Thyroid MALT Lymphoma in a Patient With Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: A Clinical Case Report.
97  primary thyroidal non-Hodgkin lymphoma
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
HT (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2013 Cytological diagnosis of thyroid nodules in Hashimoto thyroiditis in elderly patients.
98  primary TL
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
NNT (1 time)
STL (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2014 Preventing pharyngo-cutaneous fistula in total laryngectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
99  primary tumours of the liver
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1998 [The diagnosis and surgical treatment of primary malignant liver tumors and metastases].
100  primary-tone levels
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
DPOAE (1 time)
1998 General characteristics and suppression tuning properties of the distortion-product otoacoustic emission 2f1-f2 in the barn owl.