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Abbreviation: PTN
Appearance Frequency: 670 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
pleiotrophin
(331 times)
Biochemistry
(59 times)
MK (63 times)
ALK (19 times)
VEGF (16 times)
1990 Cloning and expression of a developmentally regulated protein that induces mitogenic and neurite outgrowth activity.
ProTaper Next
(77 times)
Dentistry
(46 times)
PTU (20 times)
WO (12 times)
NiTi (10 times)
2014 Torque and force induced by ProTaper universal and ProTaper next during shaping of large and small root canals in extracted teeth.
posterior tibial nerve
(64 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
SEPs (18 times)
MN (16 times)
SEP (6 times)
1983 Spinal and early scalp-recorded components of the somatosensory evoked potential following stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve.
protein tyrosine nitration
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
NO (4 times)
BSA (2 times)
HE (2 times)
2003 Benzodiazepine-induced protein tyrosine nitration in rat astrocytes.
platencin
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PTM (14 times)
MIC (1 time)
thioPTM (1 time)
2011 Dedicated ent-kaurene and ent-atiserene synthases for platensimycin and platencin biosynthesis.
parthenolide
(10 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
LPS (3 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
APC (2 times)
2001 A sesquiterpene lactone, costunolide, from Magnolia grandiflora inhibits NF-kappa B by targeting I kappa B phosphorylation.
primary trigeminal neuralgia
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
EA (2 times)
MVD (2 times)
BNI (1 time)
1995 [Experimental study on effect of sanchaning in treating primary trigeminal neuralgia].
paratrigeminal nucleus
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NTS (4 times)
ADN (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1979 The cerebellar projection from the paratrigeminal nucleus in the cat.
phenytoin
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CBZ (2 times)
FOS (2 times)
CARB (1 time)
1978 The action of phenytoin on a composite electrical-chemical synapse in the lamprey spinal cord.
10  pyramidal tract neurons
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ICMS (1 time)
PN (1 time)
TMS (1 time)
1980 Antidromic latency of the monkey pyramidal tract neuron related to ipsilateral hand movements.
11  preterm neonates
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
PDA (2 times)
DA (1 time)
Di (1 time)
2007 Thyroid function in preterm infants 27-29 weeks of gestational age during the first four months of life: results from a prospective study comprising 80 preterm infants.
12  parathion
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CPF (3 times)
OPs (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
2002 Protein binding of isofluorophate in vivo after coexposure to multiple chemicals.
13  paroxysmal trigeminal neuralgia
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 1984 A 22-year study of paroxysmal trigeminal neuralgia in 211 patients with a 3-year appraisal of the role of cryotherapy.
14  Porous titanium-nickel
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
BSE (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
IFD (1 time)
2002 A new porous titanium-nickel alloy: Part 1. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity evaluation.
15  preterm newborns
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FTN (1 time)
HTN (1 time)
LPLT (1 time)
2007 [Predictive factors of failure extubation among preterm infants].
16  posttreatment nausea
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 1988 Nonpharmacologic factors in the development of posttreatment nausea with adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.
17  pretrigeminal neuralgia
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
MVD (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2014 Oral pre-trigeminal neuralgia pain: clinical differential diagnosis and descriptive study results.
18  protodioscin
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ICP (2 times)
PEI (2 times)
TT (2 times)
2000 Proerectile pharmacological effects of Tribulus terrestris extract on the rabbit corpus cavernosum.
19  pain-to-needle
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
DTN (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
QALY (1 time)
2006 Is a target culture in health care always compatible with efficient use of resources? A cost-effectiveness analysis of an intervention to achieve thrombolysis targets.
20  palpable thyroid nodules
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
non-PTN (1 time)
NP-TN (1 time)
US-FNAB (1 time)
1998 The role of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the management of nonpalpable and palpable thyroid nodules.
21  pentaerythritol tetranitrate
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CBDP (2 times)
DP (2 times)
GTN (2 times)
2005 Nitroester drug's effects and their antagonistic effects against morphine on human sphincter of Oddi motility.
22  picrotin
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BB (1 time)
GA and GB (1 time)
GlyRs (1 time)
2007 A proposed structural basis for picrotoxinin and picrotin binding in the glycine receptor pore.
23  post-traumatic neuralgia
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DPPN (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
1980 The response to epidural steroid injections in chronic dorsal root pain.
24  posttransplant neutropenia
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
G-CSF (1 time)
MPA (1 time)
2011 Poor outcomes associated with neutropenia after kidney transplantation: analysis of United States Renal Data System.
25  posttraumatic neuropathy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DB (1 time)
NP (1 time)
PDN (1 time)
2017 Fulranumab in Patients With Pain Associated With Postherpetic Neuralgia and Postraumatic Neuropathy: Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability Results From a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase-2 Study.
26  pretectal nucleus
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
PSPA (1 time)
1991 Involvement of adrenergic & cholinergic mechanisms in analgesia electrically induced from pretectal nucleus of rat.
27  Primary Team Nursing
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2018 Variations in Missed Care Across Oncology Nursing Specialty Units.
28  Productive tiller number
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
NIL (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
RIL (1 time)
2011 Identification of quantitative trait loci for productive tiller number and its relationship to agronomic traits in spring wheat.
29  ProTaper Next files
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TF (2 times)
HF (1 time)
NCF (1 time)
2014 Cyclic fatigue resistance of ProTaper Next nickel-titanium rotary files.
30  ProTaper Next system
(2 times)
Tooth Diseases
(1 time)
PG (1 time)
RCP (1 time)
WO (1 time)
2015 Influence of a glide path on the dentinal crack formation of ProTaper Next system.
31  proteinuria
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
FN (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
2005 Chronic renal failure in male and female rats.
32  proximal tibia nail
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DPO (1 time)
Ex-Fix (1 time)
LISS (1 time)
2007 Intramedullary stabilization of extraarticular proximal tibial fractures: a biomechanical comparison of intramedullary and extramedullary implants including a new proximal tibia nail (PTN).
33  proximal tubular necrosis
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
CK (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
1992 Species differences in the nephrotoxic response to S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)glutathione.
34  capsule-parathymic lymph node
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2012 Metastatic view of breast cancer.
35  instruments-ProTaper Next
(1 time)
BTR (1 time)
NiTi (1 time)
WOG (1 time)
2018 Canal Straightening Following Overinstrumentation with Three Nickel-Titanium Rotary Instruments.
36  pAd-shRNA-pleiotrophin
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 PAd-shRNA-PTN reduces pleiotrophin of pancreatic cancer cells and inhibits neurite outgrowth of DRG.
37  pain transmission neurons
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CRPS (1 time)
2006 Pathophysiology of complex regional pain syndrome.
38  painful trigeminal neuropathy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
BA (1 time)
mPFC (1 time)
1999 PET study on central processing of pain in trigeminal neuropathy.
39  PAMAM-Tryptophan-(N-acetylglucosamine)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
2018 A robust pH-sensitive unimolecular dendritic nanocarrier that enables targeted anti-cancer drug delivery via GLUT transporters.
40  pantethine tetranicotinate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
NAc (1 time)
NAH (1 time)
1985 Pharmacological study of a new hypolipidemic drug of prolonged activity, the tetraester of pantethine with 3-(3-pyridinemethoxycarbonyl)propionic acid.
41  parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CRI (1 time)
2012 [Incidence of catheter-related infection and associated risk factors in hospitalized patients with parenteral nutrition].
42  parietin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ESIPT (1 time)
2017 Parietin: an efficient photo-screening pigment in vivo with good photosensitizing and photodynamic antibacterial effects in vitro.
43  partial transection neuropathy
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
PCN (1 time)
1992 Differential influence of local anesthetic upon two models of experimentally induced peripheral mononeuropathy in the rat.
44  partially nephrectomized kidney with intact papilla
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
1987 Renal handling of sodium, potassium, calcium and phosphate by medulla.
45  particle total nitrogen
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DTN (1 time)
DTP (1 time)
PTP (1 time)
2002 [Effect of marine culture on the quality of coastal water in Guangdong Province in the summer].
46  patients, and one gene
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
2004 Gene expression profiles of late colonic Crohn's disease.
47  Pediatric Trials Network
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Optimizing operational efficiencies in early phase trials: The Pediatric Trials Network experience.
48  Peninsula Trauma Network
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
ISS (1 time)
MTC (1 time)
TARN (1 time)
2013 The sensitivity of pre-hospital and in-hospital tools for the identification of major trauma patients presenting to a major trauma centre.
49  pentostatin
(1 time)
ADA (1 time)
COR (1 time)
2017 Fungal Cordycepin Biosynthesis Is Coupled with the Production of the Safeguard Molecule Pentostatin.
50  perceived treatment need
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
NESARC (1 time)
SUDs (1 time)
2020 Perception of treatment need among adults with substance use disorders: Longitudinal data from a representative sample of adults in the United States.
51  percutaneous nephrostomy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Salvage of an obstructed single kidney by combined percutaneous nephrostomy, percutaneous stone extraction and alkalinisation.
52  percutaneous radiofrequency trigeminal neurolysis
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MVD (1 time)
1977 A comparision of percutaneous radiofrequency trigeminal neurolysis and microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve for the treatment of tic douloureux.
53  Percutaneous tube nephrostomy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Right atrial migration of nephrostomy catheter.
54  peri-training nutrition
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Peri-training nutrition methods: Advancements to dietary assessment in an athletic population.
55  periventricular thalamic nucleus
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
NO (1 time)
PCM (1 time)
2007 c-FOS and n-NOS reactive neurons in response to circulating Phoneutria nigriventer spider venom.
56  permethrin
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2016 Permethrin-induced oxidative damage in liver of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and its attenuation by vitamin C.
57  persisting trophoblastic disease
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
CTN (1 time)
MP (1 time)
1997 [Trophoblastic disease in data from the Center for Trophoblastic Disease (diagnosis, therapy and results form 1955 to 1996). 1].
58  pertrochanteric nail
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CMNs (1 time)
2013 Cortical encroachment after cephalomedullary nailing of the proximal femur: evaluation of a more anatomic radius of curvature.
59  Phosphatin
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Pi (1 time)
2014 Identification of phosphatin, a drug alleviating phosphate starvation responses in Arabidopsis.
60  photothermal nanotherapeutics
(1 time)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
PTT (1 time)
2016 Current Approaches of Photothermal Therapy in Treating Cancer Metastasis with Nanotherapeutics.
61  physical training and nutrition
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
FES-I (1 time)
FOF (1 time)
PASE (1 time)
2017 Fear of falling reduced by a lay led home-based program in frail community-dwelling older adults: A randomised controlled trial.
62  physical training and nutritional intervention
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2017 Impact of a lay-led home-based intervention programme on quality of life in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults: a randomized controlled trial.
63  phytonutrients
(1 time)
ADF (1 time)
BFP (1 time)
MSP (1 time)
2019 Effects of Phytonutrients on Ruminal Fermentation, Digestibility, and Microorganisms in Swamp Buffaloes.
64  pleiotrophin binding factor
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
GPC3 (1 time)
2008 The Potential of N-Rich Plasma-Polymerized Ethylene (PPE:N) Films for Regulating the Phenotype of the Nucleus Pulposus.
65  pluripotency transcriptional network
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
mESCs (1 time)
2015 Inhibition of beta-catenin-TCF1 interaction delays differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells.
66  poly(trimethylene 2,6-naphthalate)
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FT-IR-ATR (1 time)
MPR (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2008 Multiple peak reference method for polarized Fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflection spectroscopy to determine the three-dimensional orientation of a uniaxially drawn poly(trimethylene 2,6-naphthalate) film.
67  porous SHS TiNi
(1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2019 Biocompatibility and Clinical Application of Porous TiNi Alloys Made by Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS).
68  portable thermal nest
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Standard care with plastic bag or portable thermal nest to prevent hypothermia at birth: a three-armed randomized controlled trial.
69  post-thoracotomy neuralgia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Therapists and therapies for post-thoracotomy neuralgia.
70  post-traumatic neuropathic pain
(1 time)
Pain
(1 time)
BPI (1 time)
CLBP-NeP (1 time)
CNP (1 time)
2019 Epidemiology of physician-diagnosed neuropathic pain in Brazil.
71  Post-traumatic nightmares
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AASM (1 time)
CBT-I (1 time)
ERRT (1 time)
2018 Management of Post-Traumatic Nightmares: a Review of Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Treatments Since 2013.
72  posterior thalamic nuclei
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AILN (1 time)
MPC (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2008 Thalamic projections to the posteromedial cortex in the macaque.
73  posterior tuberal nucleus
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2001 Activity and localization of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/ Delta5-Delta4-isomerase in the zebrafish central nervous system.
74  posttraumatic non-parkinsonism
(1 time)
Translational Medical Research
(1 time)
aHRs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
NHIRD (1 time)
2019 Posttraumatic parkinsonism would increase the mortality risk in elderly patients with traumatic brain injury.
75  posttraumatic nondementia
(1 time)
aHRs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
PTD (1 time)
2019 Analyzing Mortality Risk and Medical Burden among Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury and Subsequent Dementia.
76  posttraumatic nonepilepsy
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
aHRs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2019 Mortality Risk and Risk Factors in Patients with Posttraumatic Epilepsy: A Population-Based Cohort Study.
77  Precedence Temporal Networks
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Precedence Temporal Networks to represent temporal relationships in gene expression data.
78  prefrontal-temporal-network
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NMDARs (1 time)
NRG1 (1 time)
2011 Schizophrenia: susceptibility genes, dendritic-spine pathology and gray matter loss.
79  preserves node lifetimes
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PT (1 time)
2018 Lifetime-preserving reference models for characterizing spreading dynamics on temporal networks.
80  pressure negative topical
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Negative pressure therapy. A step forward in the burn units].
81  pretangle neurons
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
MAP30 (1 time)
NFT (1 time)
1998 [Microtubule-associated protein30 (MAP30) and ubiquitin detected in neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer's disease brains].
82  preterm-non-laboring
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
MTD (1 time)
2007 Identification of human term and preterm labor using artificial neural networks on uterine electromyography data.
83  primary-tumour and nodal
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
DMFFS (1 time)
IN (1 time)
2016 Prognostic utility of (18)F-FDG PET-CT performed prior to and during primary radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Index node is a useful prognostic imaging biomarker site.
84  productive tillers per unit area
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
KASP (1 time)
RIL (1 time)
2018 QTL identification and KASP marker development for productive tiller and fertile spikelet numbers in two high-yielding hard white spring wheat cultivars.
85  Program Training Needs
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
TCU (1 time)
2007 Assessing program needs and planning change.
86  ProTaper Next rotary system
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
SAF (1 time)
TFA (1 time)
2015 Apical extrusion of debris in flat-oval root canals after using different instrumentation systems.
87  Protaper next™
(1 time)
Dentistry, Operative
(1 time)
HFs (1 time)
HS (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2015 Stereomicroscopic evaluation of dentinal defects induced by new rotary system: "ProTaper NEXT".
88  ProTaper Next™ rotary files
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PTU (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2017 Analysis of Surface Characteristics of ProTaper Universal and ProTaper Next Instruments by Scanning Electron Microscopy.
89  ProTaper-NEXT type design
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
2017 The geometric effect of an off-centered cross-section on nickel-titanium rotary instruments: A finite element analysis study.
90  protein, carbohydrate and fat
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
2011 Transcriptome and translational signaling following endurance exercise in trained skeletal muscle: impact of dietary protein.
91  protein, to pleiotrophin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HB-GAM (1 time)
1991 Mitogenic properties of a new endothelial cell growth factor related to pleiotrophin.
92  protriptylin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AMN (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
DXN (1 time)
1992 Complexation studies of cyclodextrins with tricyclic antidepressants using ion-selective electrodes.
93  psychooncological treatment
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
PCP (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2006 [Patients after prostatectomy. Psychiatric comorbidity, need for psychooncological treatment and quality of life].
94  PTN or T-PTN
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Pleiotrophin gene therapy for peripheral ischemia: evaluation of full-length and truncated gene variants.
95  PTN-SEPs
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MN (1 time)
SEPs (1 time)
1991 Direct recording of somatosensory evoked potentials in the vicinity of the dorsal column nuclei in man: their generator mechanisms and contribution to the scalp far-field potentials.
96  pump transferred noise
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2010 Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers.